Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. Faizan Shoes P. Ltd.
|Court||Chennai High Court|
|Case Number||Tax Case (Appeal) No. 869 of 2007|
|Judge||P.D. Dinakaran and ;P.P.S. Janarthana Raja, JJ.|
|Acts||Income Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 80HHC, 115J, 115JA, 154 and 260A; Companies Act|
|Appellant||Commissioner of Income-tax|
|Respondent||Faizan Shoes P. Ltd.|
|Advocates:||Pushya Sitaraman, Adv.|
|Disposition||Appeal dismissed against department|
|Cases Referred||Narmatha Textiles Ltd. v. Joint|
- land acquisition act, 1894 [c.a. no. 1/1894]. sections 5a & 4; [p. sathasivam, m.e.n. patrudu & s. manikumar, jj] land acquisition (tamil nadu) rules, rule 4 time limit for filing objections held, time limit prescribed under section 5-a for filing objections cannot be further enlarged by form b notice issued under rule 4. authorities were directed to modify form b. sections 5a (2); [ hearing of objectors - held, it is mandatory and making a further enquiry by the collector is discretionary. if the objectors have not filed any objection with8in 30 days but come forward with oral objection, even then, the collector must hear. the hearing is mandatory.....apparent on the face of the record.5. heard counsel. the tribunal had given a finding that the issue is debatable and there is a conflict of opinion among the decisions of the tribunal on this point. the tribunal, in its order, held as follows:4. after hearing both the sides and going through the case records, it is seen that there are diverse opinion on this issue taken by the various high courts and tribunal. the income-tax appellate tribunal, chennai bench in i.t.a. no. 797/mds/2002 dated may 31, 2003, in the case of narmatha textiles ltd. v. joint cit has taken a view in favour of the revenue. however, the assessing officer has acted under section 154 of the act which is a clear case where the issue is debatable and the assessing officer has exceeded in his jurisdiction while.....
P.P.S. Janarthana Raja, J.
1. This appeal is filed under Section 260A of the Income-tax Act, 1961, by the Revenue, against the order of the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai 'A', Chennai in I.T.A. No. 1479/Mds/2002 dated February 28, 2006, raising the following substantial questions of law:
1. Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in holding that rectification of the deduction granted by taking the correct figure from the audit certificate produced by the assessee is a debatable issue, not permissible under Section 154?
2. Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in holding that the issue is decided in the Revenue's favour on the merits, but allowing the appeal on the ground that the rectification was beyond the scope of Section 154?
2. The facts leading to the above substantial questions of law are as under:
3. The assessee is a private limited company incorporated under the Companies Act. The relevant assessment year is 1998-99 and the corresponding accounting year ended on March 31, 1998. The assessee-company filed its return of income on November 30, 1998, declaring 'nil' income under normal computation. The assessee also computed the income under Section 115JA of the Act ('Act' in short) and for the purpose of MAT liability, deduction under Section 80HHC of the Act was claimed by the assessee based on working as per the Companies Act and also relied on a decision of the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal, Madras Bench, in the case of Sapri Garments, to support its contention. The Assessing Officer found that the decision relied on by the assessee in the case of Sapri Garments was with reference to the provisions of Section 115J of the Act, and since these provisions have been replaced by Section 115JA from the assessment year 1998-99, the claim of the assessee based on the said Tribunal's decision interpreting the old provisions, was not correct. Hence, the Assessing Officer worked out the minimum alternate tax by deducting the amount of Rs. 14,13,157 while working out the income under Section 115JA of the Act. According to the Assessing Officer, there was a mistake crept in the assessment order and, hence, he issued notice under Section 154 of the Act and rectified the assessment order. Aggrieved by the order, the assessee filed an appeal to the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals). The Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) dismissed the appeal and held that the Assessing Officer has rightly rectified the assessment order based on the definition of book profit under Section 115JA of the Act. Aggrieved, the assessee filed an appeal to the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal ('Tribunal' in short). The Tribunal allowed the appeal and set aside the order of the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals). Hence, the present tax case by the Revenue.
4. Learned senior standing Counsel appearing for the Revenue submitted that there is a mistake on the face of the record. It is also submitted that the Assessing Officer had found out a wrong claim made by the assessee and hence the Assessing Officer is right in rectifying the assessment order under Section 154 of the Act. It is also further submitted that the application of the provisions of Section 115JA and mandatory provisions are to be applied, and in following the mandatory provisions, there is a mistake apparent on the face of the record.
5. Heard counsel. The Tribunal had given a finding that the issue is debatable and there is a conflict of opinion among the decisions of the Tribunal on this point. The Tribunal, in its order, held as follows:
4. After hearing both the sides and going through the case records, it is seen that there are diverse opinion on this issue taken by the various High Courts and Tribunal. The Income-tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai Bench in I.T.A. No. 797/Mds/2002 dated May 31, 2003, in the case of Narmatha Textiles Ltd. v. Joint CIT has taken a view in favour of the Revenue. However, the Assessing Officer has acted under Section 154 of the Act which is a clear case where the issue is debatable and the Assessing Officer has exceeded in his jurisdiction while acting under Section 154 of the Act. This is not a mistake apparent from record. Here two views are possible. We have gone through the case law cited by both the sides and finally hold that the issue is debatable. Hence the Assessing Officer has exceeded his jurisdiction while acting under Section 154 of the Act. Accordingly, this appeal of the assessee is allowed.
6. From a reading of the above, it is seen that the issue is debatable and also there are diverse opinions on the issue taken by various Income-tax Appellate Tribunals. Once the issue is a debatable one, the same cannot be rectified under Section 154 of the Act. The Supreme Court, in the case of T.S. Balaram, ITO v. Volkart Brothers : 82ITR50(SC) , held that a mistake apparent on the record must be an obvious and patent mistake and not something which can be established by a long drawn process of reasoning or examining arguments on points where there may conceivably be two opinions. It has also been held that a mistake apparent from the record must be a glaring, obvious or self-evident mistake and no rectification proceedings can be initiated in the case of a debatable issue. A debatable issue could be considered only under regular assessment and the same cannot be rectified under Section 154 of the Act. The Tribunal correctly followed the principles enunciated in the Supreme Court judgment cited supra and came to the correct conclusion.
7. Hence, we do not find any error or legal infirmity in the order of the Tribunal so as to warrant interference.
8. In view of the foregoing reasons, no substantial questions of law arise for consideration of this court and accordingly, the tax case is dismissed. No costs.