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Mar 19 1983 (HC)

Princess Usha Trust Vs. Commissioner of Income-tax

Court : Madhya Pradesh

Reported in : (1983)35CTR(MP)31; [1983]144ITR808(MP)

..... its opinion.3. shri palkhivala, the learned counsel for the assessee, contended that the provisions of section 8 of the indian trusts act were not attracted as the indian trusts act was not applicable to an educational trust and that the proviso to section 58 of the indian trusts act was also not attracted as property was not transferred in the instant case, for the benefit of a married woman ..... no. 4: in view of our aforesaid answers, it must be held that the tribunal was not justified in holding that the provisions of sections 8 and 9 of the indian trusts act were attracted in the instant case. our answer to this question is in the negative and against the revenue.12. question no. 5 : it is well settled that a remainderman ..... consideration to the contentions advancedon behalf of the parties, we now proceed to answer the question referredby the tribunal to this court.question no. (1): 6. section 58 of the indian trusts act reads as under : '58. the beneficiary, if competent to contract, may transfer his interest, but subject to the law for the time being in force as to the circumstances and ..... the order passed by the citcitcit (appeals), the assessee as well as the department preferred appeals before the tribunal, the tribunal held that under section 58 of the indian trusts act, 1882, when property was transferred or bequeathed for the benefit of a married woman, she had no power to deprive herself of her beneficial interest. the tribunal further held that .....

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Sep 05 1967 (HC)

R.S. Shri Ram Pershad and ors. Vs. Chhano Devi W/O Ram Sarup and ors.

Court : Delhi

Reported in : AIR1969Delhi75; ILR1968Delhi41

..... connection with his own affairs.'it is pertinent to point out that their lordships of the supreme court, made the above observation, after quoting sections 46 and 47 of the indian trusts act. it is with reference to this. shri sethi argued that the mere submission of resignation by the first plaintiff did nto amount to his ceasing to be a trustee ..... consequently, the first plaintiff continued to be the trustee. he invited my attention to the principles contained in section 46 of the indian trusts act, which is as follows:'46. trustee cannto renounce after acceptance: a trustee who has accepted the trust cannto afterwards renounce it except (a) with the permission of a principal civil court of original jurisdiction, or (b) if the ..... of the act inapplicable to public or private religious or charitable endowments; and so. these sections may nto in terms apply to the trust now in question. these sections however embody nothing more or less than the principles which have been applied ..... public charitable trusts, still the principles contained in that section will be applicable to the case of the public charitable trusts. for this purpose, the learned counsel placed strong reliance on the following passage occurring in the judgment of the supreme court in abdul kayum v. mulla alibhai : [1963]3scr623 :'it is true that section 1 of the indian trusts act makes provisions .....

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Jan 24 1989 (HC)

L. Gouthamchand and anr. Vs. Commissioner of Income-tax

Court : Chennai

Reported in : (1989)75CTR(Mad)156; [1989]176ITR442(Mad)

..... the relevant assessment years is question. learned counsel also submitted that suresh and ashok got married and there was thus no possibility of any resulting trust at all attracting the application of section 83 of the indian trusts act. strong reliance was also placed by learned counsel upon the decision in citcitcit v. p. bhandari : [1984]147itr500(mad) . on the other hand ..... existence at a time when they may become entitled to take the corpus and the accretions and that the trusts would, therefore, fail and under section 83 of the indian trusts act, 1882, there would be a resulting trust in favour of the author of the trust and his wife, in which case, there could not be a transfer of the amounts set apart under the ..... in this case. we are, therefore, of the view that the tribunal was wrong in applying section 83 of the indian trusts act to hold that there was a resulting trust in favour of the husband and wife and that the share income from the trust funds has to be assessed in the hands of the assessees. we, therefore, answer the question referred to us ..... force. we are of the view that the tribunal was clearly in error in applying section 83 of the indian trusts act to the trusts in question. section 83 runs as follow : 'where a trust is incapable of being executed, or where the trust is completely executed with out exhausting the trust property, the trustee, in the absence of a direction to the contrary, must hold the .....

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Mar 07 1976 (HC)

Commissioner of Income-tax, Bombay City-iii Vs. Trustees of Dr. Diveka ...

Court : Mumbai

Reported in : [1977]110ITR227(Bom)

..... looked at and a too rigid and technical approach ought not to be encouraged. if upon scrutiny of all the relevant provisions of the indenture of trust it appears that a valid trust as contemplated by the indian trusts act was created, then instead of giving too much importance to want of precise language the substance of the matter should be looked at. if that ..... by reason of the deed itself they transferred the said properties to the trustees and as the trust is duly registered it is effective in law to create a valid transfer both having regard to the provisions of the indian trusts act as well as the indian registration act. further, the operative part of the indenture that the trustees shall hold all sums and properties, ..... areas of greater bombay, poona city and kanara districts in bombay state......' 9. a valid indenture of trust can be created under the indian trusts act, 1882, in the manner contemplated by section 5 and section 6 thereof. section 5, inter alia, provides that no trust in relation to immovable property is valid unless declared by a non-testamentary instrument in writing signed by ..... then there can be no doubt whatsoever that by the very indenture of trust the immovable properties mentioned therein are transferred to the trustees and a trust is declared by the trustees. such a document, he submitted, is sufficient to constitute a valid trust under the indian trust act. he further submitted that the trust was in respect of property known as 'abhay' at versova as .....

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Aug 06 1997 (HC)

Ms. Sunita A. Gandhi Vs. Mrs. Leena Gandhi Tewari and Others

Court : Mumbai

Reported in : 1998(1)BomCR715

..... heavily relied upon the judgment reported in the case of fletcher v. collins, 1905 vol. ii, chancery division, page 24. mr. tulzapurkar further submitted that under section 63 of the indian trusts act, if it is not possible to trace the property, then relief cannot be granted and in the circumstances, section 63 has no application to the facts of the case. he ..... market rate has not beentaken into account and in the circumstances, the rent remains undervalued and the best rent has not been fixed. mr. bharucha further contends that under the indian trust act, trustees are duty bound to obtain best rent looking to the interest of the beneficiaries. mr. bharucha contended that looking to the location of the office premises and area of ..... either to challenge cancellation of agreement dated 19th october 1984 being the amenities agreement nor was any action taken to attain the best rent. mr. bharucha contended that under the indian trusts act, it is a duty of the trustee to obtain the best possible rent taking into account interest of the beneficiaries. he further contended that the suit agreement gives a complete ..... the said agreement dated 18th december 1992 has been entered into between the trustees on the one hand an defendant no. 5 on the other hand in breach of the indian trust act and, therefore, it is prayed that the said agreement be declared as null and void.the facts giving rise to the above dispute briefly are as follows :3. ashok ganpat .....

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Aug 13 1958 (HC)

State of Bombay Vs. Devakinandan Kanhyalal Agarwal

Court : Mumbai

Reported in : AIR1959Bom486; (1958)60BOMLR1413; 1959CriLJ1302; ILR1959Bom670

..... -owners of partnership property, cannot be entrusted with that property of with dominion over it. the view that he cannot be so entrusted runs counter to certain provision of the indian trusts act, which provide or assume that a partner in possession of partnership property is in the position of a constructive trustee. sections 80 to 96 of the ..... indian trusts act deal with constructive trusts, and section 94 provides as follows: 'in any case not coming within the scope of any of the preceding sections, where there is no trust, but the person having possession of the property has not the whole beneficial interest therein, he ..... he had paid that amount to his financing partners, makes it clear that his intention was dishonest. that being so, he is clearly guilty of criminal breach of trust under section 406 of the indian penal code. 10. mr. kamat however has urged that this bombay decision has been disapproved by a judge of the nagpur high court in jaikrishna v. emperor ..... to be treated as if he was not a co-owner of the property. since a corresponding provision is not made in the indian law, harries, c.j. concluded that a partner cannot be convicted of criminal breach of trust in respect of property belonging to the partnership. this conclusion, however, was qualified by the statement that there can be a special .....

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Dec 10 2009 (HC)

Shyamabai Wd/O Surajkaran Joshi and ors. Vs. Madan Mohan Mandir Sansth ...

Court : Mumbai

Reported in : 2010(1)BomCR294

..... and contents of the indian public trusts act and since the language of the preamble and provisions of indian public trust act being straightforward and unambiguous and is capable of conveying the intention of legislature, concluded that the provisions of indian trusts act are applicable only to private trusts and not the public trusts. the preamble of the indian trusts act clearly shows that the indian trusts act was enacted by the ..... backdrop of this legal position, there was no occasion for the learned single judges to refer the question about applicability of provisions of sections 47 and 48 of the indian trusts act, 1882 to the full bench. the relevant observations of the apex court in para (15) of its judgment in chandramohan pandurang kajbaje v. state of maharashtra ..... evolved by the legislature in particular or in general and incorporated in the bombay public trusts act, 1950 so that the provisions of the indian trusts act, 1882 can be read in bombay public trusts act, 1950. on the other hand, the preamble and provision of section 1 of indian trusts act, 1882 are otherwise. even otherwise, the apex court in the case of thayarammal ( ..... legislation. the courts interpret laws and do not legislate any. it is from this perspective also, applying the provisions of sections 47 and 48 of the indian trusts act to the public trusts without there being any legislation to that effect evolved by the parliament or state legislature, in our view, would be impermissible and more so because the .....

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Jul 06 2009 (HC)

Shri Raimalbua Sansthan - Trust, a Registered Public Trust by Its Mana ...

Court : Mumbai

Reported in : 2010(1)BomCR289

..... only one of the trustees.8. mr. chopde, learned counsel for the respondents, submits that the suit is not maintainable in view of the provisions of section 47 of the indian trust act as well as the decision rendered by this court in 1994 mh.l.j.280 nagar wachan mandir, pandharpur v. akbaralli abdulhusen and sons and ors. he submits that even ..... through chairman and secretary is maintainable.9. as against this shri apte, learned counsel appearing for respondents places heavy reliance upon two sections of the indian trusts act, 1882. he relies upon section 47 and 48 of the act. section 47 is as follows:a trustee cannot delegate his office or any of his duties either to a cotrustee or to a stranger, unless ..... make a reference to the larger bench for the reasons as stated above.14. the questions that can be referred to are as follows(1) whether section 47 of the indian trust act is applicable to a public trust and thus limits the powers of the board of trustees to delegate their powers in regard to institution of suit for recovery of the ..... . shri gordey, learned counsel for the petitioner, on the other hand contends that section 47 of the indian trust act has no application to a public trust at all, as said act applies to the private trust. he submits that the plaintiff is a public trust admittedly and therefore, is not governed by section 47 at all and therefore, the impediment as given in section 47 would .....

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Nov 18 1988 (HC)

Commissioner of Income-tax/Wealth-tax Vs. Indumathi R. Kirloskar

Court : Karnataka

Reported in : ILR1990KAR893; 1988(3)KarLJ377

..... hence did not attract the prohibition contained in sections 56 and 58 of the indian trusts act. 9. in the light of the contentions advanced, the first point to be considered is as to the meaning of the words 'transfer', 'surrender' ..... contended that the proviso to section 58 of the indian trusts act was not attracted to the present case inasmuch as the assessee had merely surrendered her interest, the same did not amount to a transfer and ..... he benefit for her natural life. the expression used in the settlement deed was not what was contained in sections 56 and 58 of the indian trusts act, but what is ordinarily understood under the english law. therefore, it did not mean that the assessee had no power to efface herself by ..... by the assessee or to efface herself was absolute, the restraint would be void. on the effect of the proviso to section 58 of the indian trusts act, it was stated that it did not exactly restrain the power of anticipation and without a transfer, a person can deprive himself of his life ..... assessee shall not have the power of anticipation during coverture, while what was prohibited under the proviso to section 56 or 58 of the indian trusts act was that she cannot transfer her interest bring the subsistence of her marriage and anticipation could be equated with alienation or transfer. it was .....

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Jun 13 2008 (HC)

People Charity Fund and ors. Vs. K. Raghava Reddy and Associates

Court : Karnataka

Reported in : 2009(3)KarLJ562; 2009(1)AIRKarR367; AIR2009NOC871(D.B)

..... counsel for the respondent do not come to the aid of the respondent.26. in atmaram ranchhodbhai's case, their lordships while considering the provision of section 48 of the indian trusts act held that while taking a decision, all the trustees must join. the said judgment is not applicable considering the facts of this case since both the trustees viz., justice n ..... the parties to the appeal. in the circumstances, he contends that the judgments relied upon by the learned senior counsel for the respondent in regard to section 48 of the indian trusts act need not be considered by this court. he requests the court to consider the effect of non-filing of vakalath by justice n. krishnaswamy reddiar and non-notifying the defects ..... two technical objections requests us to dismiss the appeal. they are as hereunder:(1) the appeal filed by the appellants is not maintainable in view of section 48 of the indian trusts act, 1882 as all the trustees to the suit, who were defendants, have not filed the present appeal and that a. ramalingam, who has signed the vakalath on behalf of all ..... the appellants represented by sri a. ramalingam is not maintainable.23. learned counsel for the appellants, sri gopalan, on other hand submits that section 48 of the indian trusts act would be applicable when the trust is required to institute a suit and not to defend the same. he further submits that the appeal can be filed only by the parties to the suit .....

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