And whereas his late Majesty King George the Second did by his letters patent, hearing date at Westminister the eighth day of January in the twenty-first year of his reign, grant unto the said United Company of Merchants of England trading to the East Indies his royal charter, thereby amongst other things constituting and establishing courts of civil, criminal and ecclesiastical jurisdiction at the united company's respective settlements at Madras, Patnam, Bombay, or the Island of Bombay, and Fort William in Bengal:
and whereas the said charter, in so far as it respects the administration of justice at Madras, has been altered and changed by virtue of an Act passed in the thirty-seventh year of his present Majesty, intituled "An Act for the better administration of justice at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, and for preventing British subjects from being concerned in loans to the native princes in India."
and whereas the said charter, so far as it respects the administration of justice at Fort William in Bengal, has also been altered and changed by virtue of an Act passed in the thirteenth year of his present Majesty, intituled "An Act for establishing certain regulations for the better management of the affair of the East India Company as well in India as in Europe," and by divers subsequent statutes:
and whereas it may be expedient for the better administration of justice in the said settlement of Madras that a supreme court of judicature should be established at Madras, in the same form and with the same powers and authorities as that now subsisting by virtue of the several Acts beforementioned at Fort William in Bengal;
His Majesty may establish a supreme court of judicature at Madras, to consist of the like number of persons, and with the like powers, etc., as the supreme court at Fort William.--Be it therefore enacted, that it shall and may be lawful for his Majesty, his heirs and successors, by chapter or letters patent under the great seal of Great Britain, to erect and establish a supreme court of judicature at Madras aforesaid, to consist of such and the like number of persons, to be named from time to time by his Majesty, his heirs and successors, with full power to exercise such civil criminal admiralty and ecclesiastical jurisdictions, both as to natives and British subjects, and to be invested with such power and authorities, privileges and immunities, for the better administration of the same, and subject to the same limitations, restrictions and control within the said Fort Saint George and town of Madras and the limits thereof and the factories sub ordinate thereto, and within the territories which now are or hereafter may be subject to or dependent upon the said government of Madras, as the said supreme court of judicature at Fort William in Bengal, by virtue of any law now in force and unrepealed or by this present Act, doth consist of, is invested with or subject to, within the said Fort William or the kingdoms or provinces of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.