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The Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959 Complete Act - Bare Act

StateMaharashtra Government
Year
Act Info:
THE BOMBAY PREVENTION OF BEGGING ACT, 1959

THE BOMBAY PREVENTION OF BEGGING ACT, 1959

[BOMBAY ACT No. X OF 1960]1

[8th February 1960]

Adapted and modified by the Maharashtra Adaptation of Laws (State and Concurrent Subjects) Order, 1960

Amended by Mah. 30 of 1976

15 of 1976 (13-2-1976).3

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to beggars for the purpose of making uniform and better provision for the prevention of begging in the State of Bombay and for matters connected therewith

WHEREAS it is expedient to make uniform and better provision for the prevention of begging in the State of Bombay; for the detention, training and employment of beggars and their dependents in certain institutions; for the custody, trial and punishment of beggar offenders; and for these and other purposes to consolidate and amend the law relating to beggars; It is hereby enacted in the Tenth Year of the Republic of India as follows:

With a view to securing uniformity in the law relating to beggars and with a view to checking the growing problem of beggars and taking effective measures for their rehabilitation, it was proposed to make a uniform and better precision for the prevention of beggary in the State by enacting a single law on the subject and to repeal the corresponding laws prevailing in the different parts of the State. This Act was designed to achieve this object.-Objects and Reasons.

1. For statement of Objects and Reasons, we Bombay Government Gazette, 1959, Pan V, Par- 386
2. Maharashtra Ordinance No III of 1976 was repeated by Mah. 15 of 1976 s 5.
3, This indicates the date of commencement of Act
SECTION 01: SHORT TITLE, EXTENT, COMMENCEMENT AND REPEAL OF CORRESPONDING LAWS AND PROVISIONS

(1) This Act may be called the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959.

(2) It extends to the whole of the 1 [State of Maharashtra].

(3) t shall come into force in any area of the State, on such dates as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in that behalf for that area.

(4) On the commencement of this Act in any area of the State in the manner provided in sub-section (3), all corresponding laws in force in that area (including the laws mentioned in the Schedule, to the extent specified in the third column thereof) shall stand repealed therein:


Provided that, notwithstanding such repeal anything done or any action taken (including any appointment made, receiving centres] and institutions provided, maintained, certified, approved or recognized, authorizations given, powers conferred and duties imposed, committees appointed or constituted, licences granted, notifications issued and rules made) under any law so repealed, shall in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act; and shall continue in force accordingly unless and until superseded by anything done or any action taken under this Act. And, without prejudice to the aforesaid provision and subject thereto, section 7 of the Bombay General Clauses Act, 1904, shall apply in relation to the repeal of any such law, and if such law be not an enactment within the meaning of that section, it shall apply in relation thereto as if it were an enactment within the meaning of that section.

1. These words, were, substituted for the words "Star, of Bombay" by the Maharashtra
Adaptation of Laws (State and Coat ... rent Subjects) Order 1960
2 Ist April 1960 on which the said Act shall come into force in the following cons -
(a) Greater Bombay as defined in the Bombay General Clauses Act, 1904
(b) The part of Thana Taluka which is encircled by the Bassein-Thana creek including the territorial are, appertaining thereto ;
(c) The limits of Railway lands farm a point immediately beyond the Thana, Railway Station to the Kalyan Station inclusive on the Central Railway;
(d) The limits of Railway lands from a point immediately beyond the Bhayander Railway Station to the Vicar Railway Station inclusive on the Western Railway
(e) The "Elephanta Caves comprised in Survey No. 65 in Village Gharampuri in Urban Mahal If the Kolaba District; and
(f) The City of Ahmedabad within the meaning of the Bombay provincial Municipal
Corporations Art, 1949
1
(See G,N., L & S.W.D No. INT 4459-M, dated 8th March, 1960
SECTION 02: DEFINITIONS

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires

(i) "begging" means-

(a) soliciting or receiving alms in a public place, whether or not under any pretence such as singing, dancing, fortune-telling, performing or offering any article for sale;

(b) entering on any private premises for the purpose of soliciting or receiving alms;

(c) exposing or exhibiting, with the object of obtaining or extorting alms, any sore, wound, injury, deformity or disease whether of a human being or animal;

(d) having no visible means of subsistence and, wandering about or remaining in any public place in such condition or manner, as makes it likely that the person doing so exists by soliciting or receiving alms;

(e) allowing oneself to be used as an exhibit for the purpose of soliciting or receiving alms; but does not include soliciting or receiving money or food or gifts for a purpose authorised by any law, or authorised in the manner prescribed in Greater Bombay by the Commissioner of Police, and elsewhere by the District Magistrate, or in any part of the State by the State Government-

(iv) "Child" has the same meaning as in the Bombay Children Act, 1948;

(v) "Court" means the Court of a Judicial Magistrate of any class, or any other Court exercising criminal jurisdiction, in the area in which this Act is fit force;

(vi) "Juvenile Court" has the same meaning as in the Bombay Children Act, 1948;

(iv) "Child" has the same meaning as in the Bombay Children Act, 1948;

(v) "Court" means the Court of a Judicial Magistrate of any class, or any other Court exercising criminal jurisdiction, in the area in which this Act is fit force;

(vi) "Juvenile Court" has the same meaning as in the Bombay Children Act, 1948;

(vii) "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(viii) "Probation Officer'' means an officer appointed to be. a Probation Officer under sub-section (1) of section 17;

(ix) "public place" includes a railway compartment;

(x) "Receiving Centre" means an institution for the reception and temporary detention of beggars provided by the State Government, or certified to be such under sub-section (1) of section 12;

(xi) "Superintendent" means a Superintendent of a Receiving Centre or a Certified Institution, as the case may be.

(2) Any reference to, or to a provision of, a Central or Bombay Act which is not in force in any area in which this Act is brought into force shall in relation to that area be construed as a reference to the corresponding law (if any) in force therein.

CHAPTER II-PROCEDURE FOR DEALING WITH BEGGARS AND BEGGAR OFFENDERS
SECTION 03: POWERS OF COURTS

The powers conferred on courts by this Act shall be exercised only by the High Court, a Court of Session, a Presidency Magistrate, a Magistrate of the first class, a Juvenile Court, or any other Court exercising criminal jurisdiction in the area, and may be exercised by such courts whether the case comes before them originally or on appeal or revision.

SECTION 04: POWER TO REQUIRE PERSON FOUND BEGGING TO APPEAR BEFORE COURT

(1) Any police officer, or other person authorised in this behalf in accordance with rules make by the State Government, may arrest without a warrant any person who is found begging:


Provided that, no person entering on any private premises for the purpose of soliciting or receiving alms shall be so arrested or shall be liable to any proceedings under this Act, except upon a complaint by the occupier of the premises.

(2) Such Police officer or other person shall take or send the person so arrested to a Court.

(3) The provisions of section 61 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, shall apply to every arrest under this section, and the officer in charge of the police station or section shall cause the arrested person to be kept in the prescribed manner until he can be brought before a Court.

SECTION 05: SUMMARY INQUIRY IN RESPECT OF PERSONS FOUND BEGGING AND THEIR DETENTION

(1) Where a person who is brought before the court under the last preceding section is not proved to have previously been detained in a Certified Institution under the provisions of this Act, the Court shall make a summary inquiry, in the prescribed manner, as regards the allegation that he was found begging.

(2) If the inquiry referred to in sub-section (1) cannot be completed forthwith, the court may adjourn it from time to time and order the person to be remanded to such place and custody as may be convenient.

(3) If on making the inquiry referred to in sub-section (1), the court is not satisfied that the person was found begging, it shall order that such person be released forthwith.

(4) If on making the inquiry referred to in sub-section (1), the court is satisfied that such person was found begging, it shall record a finding that the person is a beggar.

1[(5) If a person is found to be a beggar under the last preceding sub-section, the Court shall declare him to be a beggar and may

(a) if the Court is satisfied from the circumstances of the case that the person is not likely to beg again, admonish and release the beggar oil his or any other person whom Court considers suitable, executing a bond, with or without surety as the Court may require, requiring the beggar to abstain from begging and to be of good behaviour; or

(b) if the Court is of opinion that the person is not likely to give up begging, by order direct such person to report himself forthwith to the Commissioner of Police or the District Magistrate having jurisdiction in the area and shall forward a copy of such order to the Commissioner of Police or, as the case may be, the District Magistrate; or

(c) order the beggar to be detained in a Certified Institution for a period of not less than one year, but not more than three years.]

(6) In passing any older under the provisions of this Act 2[the court may] have regard to the following considerations, that is to say

(a) the age and character of the beggar,

(b) tile Circumstances and conditions in which the beggar was living,

(c) reports made by the Probation Officer, and

(d) such other matters as may, in the opinion of the court, require to be taken into consideration in the interest of the beggar.

(7) The report of the Probation Officer or any other report considered by the Court under the subsection immediately preceding, shall be treated as confidential:


Provided that is such report relates to the character, health or conduct of, or the circumstances and conditions in which, the beggar is living, the court may, if it thinks expedient, communicate the substance thereof to the beggar or (in case of dependants) to the guardian concerned, and may give the beggar or the guardian, as the case may be, an opportunity of producing evidence which may be relevant to the matters stated in the report.

1 sub-section(5) was substituted for the original by Mah 15 of 1976, s 2 (1)
2. These words were substituted for the words "the court shall" ibid., s 2(2).

(8) A copy of the order made under sub-section (5) shall be sent forthwith to the- Chief Inspector.

(9) Notwithstanding anything in this section, when the person found to be a beggar as aforesaid is a child, being a ,child who is not under the age of five years, the court shall forward him to a Juvenile Court, and shall not make any order under sub-section (5). The Juvenile Court shall deal with the child under section 40 of the Bombay Children Act, 1948, as if the child were a person described in clause (a) of that section. .For the purpose of ascertaining the age of the person, the court may, if necessary, cause the beggar to be examined by a medical officer.

SECTION 06: PENALTY FOR BEGGING AFTER DETENTION AS BEGGAR

(1) Whoever, having been previously detained in a Certified Institution under this Act is found begging, shall on conviction be punished as hereinafter in this section provided.

(2) When a person is convicted for the first time under sub-section (1) the Court shall order him to be detained in a Certified Institution for a period of not less than two years and not more than three years.

(3) When a person is convicted for the second or subsequent time Linder sub-section (1), the Court shall order him to be detained for a period of ten years in a Certified Institution, and may convert any period of such detention (not exceeding two years) into a sentence of imprisonment extending to a like period.

SECTION 07: OFFENCES TO BE TRIED SUMMARILY

All offences under this Act except those under section 11 shall be tried in a summary way.

SECTION 08: CONTRIBUTION OF PARENTS

(1) The Court, which makes an order for the detention of any person in a Certified Institution under section 5 or section 6, may make an order on the parent or other person liable to maintain him, to contribute to his maintenance, if able to do so, in the manner prescribed.

(2) Before making any such order the Court shall inquire into the circumstances of the parent or other person liable to maintain him and shall record evidence if any, in the presence of the parent or such other person as the case Law, be

(3) Any order made under this section may on an application, made by the party liable or otherwise, be varied by the Court.

(4) Any order made tinder this section may he enforced in the same manner as an order Linder section 488 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898.

SECTION 09: COURT MAY ORDER DETENTION OF PERSONS WHOLLY DEPENDENT ON BEGGARS

(1) When the Court has ordered the detention of a person in a Certified Institution under section 5 or section 6 it may, after making such inquiry as it thinks fit, order any other person who is wholly dependent on such person to be detained in a Certified Institution for a like period


Provided that before such order is made such dependent person shall be given an opportunity of showing cause why it should not be made.

(2) Where the dependent person is a child the Court shall forward hurt to a Juvenile Court which shall deal with him under section 40 of the Bombay Children Act, 1948 as if the child were a person described in clause (a) of that section:


Provided that where the dependent person is the beggar's own child, being a child who is under the age of five years, and the beggar is an able bodied mother, not being a contagious leper or a lunatic, the child may be ordered to be detained in a Certified Institution without being separated from the mother as regards the place of detention, until it attains the age of five years, and thereafter dealt with as provided in this sub-section.

(3) For the purpose of this section, the Court may if necessary Cause the dependent person to be arrested and brought before itself and caused to be examined by a medical officer. The provisions of section 61 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 shall apply to every arrest under this sub-section, and the officer in charge of the police station or section shall cause the arrested person to be kept in the prescribed manner until he can be brought before a Court.

SECTION 10: POWER OF STATE GOVERNMENT TO ORDER FURTHER DETENTION OF INCURABLY HELPLESS BEGGARS

When any person who is detained in a Certified Institution under section 5 or section 6 or section 9 is considered, whether on an application made by him to the State Government or otherwise, by the State Government to be blind, a cripple, or otherwise incurably helpless, the State Government may order that he shall, after the expiry of the period of his detention be further detained indefinitely in a Certified Institution


Provided that the State Government may release any such inmate if any person whom the State Government considers suitable executes a bond, with or without sureties as the State Government may require, making himself responsible for the housing and maintenance of such inmate, and for preventing him front begging or being used for the purpose of begging.

SECTION 11: PENALTY FOR EMPLOYING OR CAUSING PERSONS TO BEG OR USING THEM FOR PURPOSES OF BEGGING

Whoever employs or causes, any person to solicit or receive alms, or whoever having the custody, charge or care of a child, connives at or encourages the employment or the causing of a child to solicit, or receive alms or whoever uses another person as an exhibit for the purpose of begging, shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years but which shall not be less than one year

CHAPTER III- RECEIVING CENTRES AND CERTIFIED INSTITUTIONS
SECTION 12: PROVISION OF RECEIVING CENTRES

(1) The State Government may provide and maintain one or more Receiving Centres at such place or places as it thinks fit, and may certify any institution to be a Receiving Centre for the purposes of this Act.

(2) Every such Receiving Centre shall be under the control of a Superintendent.

SECTION 13: PROVISION OF CERTIFIED INSTITUTIONS

(1) The State Government may provide and maintain one or more Certified institutions at such place or places as it thinks fit, and may certify any institution to be a Certified Institution for the purposes of this Act. Any such Certified Institution may include provision for the teaching of agricultural, industrial and other pursuits, and for the general education and medical care of the inmates.

(2) Every such Certified Institution shall be under the charge of a Superintendent.

SECTION 14: VISITING COMMITTEES

For every Receiving Centre and every Certified Institution, the State Government shall appoint a visiting committee in such manner as may be prescribed.

SECTION 15: ADVISORY COMMITTEES

(1) The State Government may constitute for any area in which this Act has come into force in the manner provided in subsection (3) of section 1, an Advisory Committee consisting of such persons, not exceeding twenty-one in number, as it may appoint


Provided that, where a local authority has agreed to render such financial' assistance as the State Government may consider proper in each case, for the maintenance of Certified Institutions in which beggars from the area subject to the jurisdiction of the local authority are detained, the State Government shall appoint such number of persons as it deems fit on the Advisory Committee for such area representing the .local authority.

(2) The Advisory Committee constituted under -sub-section (1) in any local area, or any member thereof,, may visit -at all reasonable times and after due' notice to the Superintendent, any Certified Institution in which beggars from that area are detained.

SECTION 16: PAYMENT OF CONTRIBUTION BY LOCAL AUTHORITIES AND RECOVERY THEREOF

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in. any law for the time being in force, ally local authority which has agreed to pay a certain sum of money for the maintenance of a Certified Institution shall make payment of that sum to the State Government before a date prescribed in that behalf.

(2) If any sum is not paid by a local authority before the prescribed date, the State Government may make an order directing any person, who for the time being has custody of any moneys on behalf of the local authority as its officer, treasurer, banker or otherwise to pay the sum from such moneys as he may have in his hands or may from time to time receive, to the State Government, and such person shall be bound to obey such order. Every payment made pursuant to such order shall be sufficient discharge to such person from all liability to the local authority in respect of any amount paid by him out of the moneys of the local authority so held by him.

SECTION 17: APPOINTMENT OF CHIEF INSPECTOR, ADDITIONAL CHIEF INSPECTOR, INSPECTORS, ASSISTANT INSPECTORS AND PROBATION OFFICERS

(1) For carrying out the purposes of this Act, the State Gov may appoint a Chief Inspector of Certified Institutions, an Additional Chief Inspector of Certified Institution, an Inspector and such number of Assistant Inspectors and Probation Officers as it thinks advisable to assist the Chief shall forthwith forward a warrant to a jail in which lie is to he confined and shall forward him to such jail with the warrant together with a copy of the order of detention. After the sentence of imprisonment is fully executed, the Officer executing it shall, if detention in a Certified Institution for any period remains to be undergone by such person, forward him forthwith together with the copy of the order of detention to the nearest Receiving Centre, and thereupon the provisions of sub-section (1) shall as far as may he apply.

(3) ) In computing, the period for which a person is ordered to tie detained in a Certified Institution, there shall be included the period for which he is detained in a Receiving Centre under this section.

SECTION 26: MEDICAL EXAMINATION AND DETENTION OF LEPROSY PATIENTS AND LUNATICS

(1) Where it appears to the State Government that any beggar detained in a Certified Institution under any order of a Court is of unsound mind or a leper, the State Government may by an order setting forth the grounds of belief that the beggar is of unsound mind or a leper, order his removal to a mental hospital or leper asylum or other place of safe custody, there to be kept and treated as the State Government directs during the remainder of the term for which he has been ordered to be detained or, if on the expiration of that term it is certified by a medical officer that it is necessary for the safety of the beggar or of others that he should be further detained under medical care or treatment, then until he is discharged according to law.

(2) Where it appears to the State Govern men t that the beggar has ceased to be of unsound mind, or is cured of leprosy, the State Government shall, by an order directed to the person having charge of the beggar if still liable to be kept in custody send him to the Certified Institution from which he was removed or if the beggar is no longer liable to be kept in custody, order him to be discharged.

(3) The provisions of section 31 of the Indian Lunacy Act, 1912, Or [subject to the provisions of subsection (2)] of section 14 of the Lepers Act, 1898, shall apply to every beggar confined in a mental hospital or leper asylum under sub-section (1) after the expiration of the period for which he was ordered to be detained; and the time during which a beggar is confined in a mental hospital, or leper asylum under that sub-section shall be reckoned as part of the period for which he may have been ordered by the Court to be detained:


Provided that where, the removal of a beggar due' to unsoundness of mind or leprosy is immediately necessary, it' shall be open to the authorities of the Institution. in which the beggar is detained to apply to a court having jurisdiction under the Indian Lunacy Act, 1912, or the Lepers Act, 1898, as the case may be, for an immediate order of committal to a mental hospital or a leper asylum until such time as the orders of the State Government can be obtained in the matter.

SECTION 27: ARREST OF PERSON ESCAPING FROM RECEIVING CENTRE, OR CERTIFIED INSTITUTION

Any person who leaves a Receiving Centre or a Certified Institution without the permission of the Superintendent thereof, or fails to return thereto after the expiry of the period of absence permitted under sub-section (1) of section 22, may be arrested by any police officer without warrant or by an officer of the Receiving Centre or Certified Institution authorised in this behalf by the State Government and sent back to the Receiving Centre or Certified Institution, as the case may be.

SECTION 28: TRANSFERS BETWEEN CERTIFIED INSTITUTION AND INSTITUTION OF -LIKE NATURE INDIFFERENT PARTS -OF INDIA

(1) The State Government may direct any person detained in a Certified Institution to be transferred therefrom to any Institution of a like nature in any other part of India in- respect of which provision similar to that in the State of Bombay is made by the State Government of that part under any law in force therein


Provided that no person shall be- transferred under this section to any other State without the consent of the Government of that other State.

(2) The State Government may, in consultation with the Superintendent of any Certified Institution, consent to the transfer to that Institution of any person in respect of whom an order of detention has been made by a competent authority in any other part of India of the nature of an order under this Act directing him to be detained in a Certified Institution or, institution of a like nature and upon such transfer, the provisions of this Act shall apply to such person.

SECTION 29: POWER TO TAKE FINGER PRINTS

(1) Every person ordered to be detained in a Certified Institution under this Act shall at any time allow his finger prints to be taken by the Commissioner of Police or any officer empowered by him in this behalf in any are for which a Commissioner of Police has been appointed and by the District Magistrate or any Officer empowered by him in this behalf elsewhere.

(2) Whoever refuses to allow his finger prints to be taken under sub-section (1) shall on conviction be liable to have his period of detention in a Certified Institution not exceeding three months converted to a term of imprisonment extending to a like period.

(3) The sentence of imprisonment ordered under sub-section (2) shall be executed in the same manner as a sentence passed under section 6.

SECTION 30: SEIZURE AND DISPOSAL OF ANIMALS EXPOSED OR EXHIBITED FOR OBTAINING OR EXTORTING ALMS

(1) Any police officer or other person effecting under sub-section (1) of section 4 the arrest of a person who was found begging may seize any animal the sore, wound, injury, deformity Or disease of which was exposed or exhibited by such person with the object of obtaining or extorting alms.

(2) The police officer or other person effecting the arrest may remove such animal to any infirmary appointed under section 6B of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1890, for detention therein pending its production before a court

(3) The court before which the person found begging is brought may direct that the animal shall be treated and cared for in such infirmary until it is fit for discharge or that it shall be sent to a pinjrapole, or, if the veterinary officer in charge of the area in which the animal is found or such other veterinary officer as has been authorised by the rules made under section 15 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1890, certifies that it is incurable or cannot be removed without cruelty, that it shall he destroyed; and the court may also order that, after release from the infirmary, the animal may be confiscated.

(4) an animal sent for care and Treatment to an infirmary shall not, unless the court directs that it shall be sent to a pinjrapole or that it shall be destroyed, be released from such place except upon a certificate of its fitness for discharge issued by the veterinary officer in charge of the area in which the infirmary is situated or such other veterinary officer as has been authorised by rules made under section 15 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1890.

SECTION 31: OFFENCES TO BE COGNIZABLE AND NON-BAILABLE

The offences under sections 0 and 11 of in;, Act shall be cognizable and non-bailable.

SECTION 32: PERSONS TO BE DEEMED PUBLIC SERVANTS

All persons empowered to perform any function by this Act shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of the Indian Penal Code,

SECTION 33: BONDS TAKEN UNDER ACT V OF 1898

The provisions of Chapter XLII (if the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, shall, so far r as may be, apply to bonds taken under this Act.

SECTION 34: APPEALS

For the purposes of appeal and revision under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, an order of detention under this Act (including an order or detention under section 5), shall be deemed to be a sentence of imprisonment for the same period.

SECTION 35: RULES

The State Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, and Subject to the condition of previous publication, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular and without, prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely

(a) the manner of authorizing a purpose under clause (i) of sub-section (1) of section 2;

(b) the manner of keeping persons arrested under subsection (3) of section 4 or section 9;

(c) the manner of making summary inquiry under sub-section (1) of section 5

(d) the manner in which contribution for the maintenance of a person detained in a Certified Institution may be ordered to be paid. under sub-section (1) of section 8;

(e) the manner of appointing a visiting committee under section 14;

(f) the conduct of business by Advisory Committees;

(g) the date before which payment shall be made under sub-section (1) of section 16;

(b) the manner in which the effects and the money and valuables referred to in section 18 shall be disposed of;

(i) the management and discipline of persons detained in a Receiving Centre or Certified Institution including the imposition of manual or other work, and the ' e awarding of punishment for breach of any rule made under this clause the conditions subject to which the Chief Inspector may direct transfer under Section 21;

(k) the conditions subject to which a person may -be released on licence under section 22;

(1) the conditions subject to which a licence may be revoked under section 23;

(m) the manner of medical examination of beggars;

(n) any other, matter which is required to be or may be prescribed.

(3) , All rules made under this section shall be laid for not less than thirty days before each House of the Legislature as soon as possible after they are made, and shall be subject to such modification as the Legislature may make during the session in which they are so laid, or the session immediately following.

SECTION 36: REMOVAL OF DIFFICULTIES

If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the State Government may by order published in the Official Gazette make such provision or give such direction as appears to it to be necessary for removing the difficulty.

Maharashtra State Acts


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