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The Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971 Complete Act - Bare Act

StateMaharashtra Government
Year
Act Info:
THE MAHARASHTRA SLUM AREAS (IMPROVEMENT, CLEARANCE AND REDEVELOPMENT) ACT, 1971

THE MAHARASHTRA SLUM AREAS (IMPROVEMENT, CLEARANCE AND REDEVELOPMENT) ACT, 1971

An Act to make better provision for the improvement and clearance of slum, ,areas in the State and their redevelopment 2[and for the protection of occupiers from eviction and distress warrants].


WHEREAS, it is expedient to make better provision for the improvement and clearance of slum areas in the State and 3[for their redevelopment and for the protection of occupiers from eviction and distress warrants;] and for matters connected with the purposes aforesaid; It is hereby enacted in the Twenty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows :-

1. For Statement of Objects and Reasons, see M.G.G., 1970, Part V, Extra pp. 252-
53; for Report of the Joint Committee, see M.G.G., 1971, Part V, Extra, p. 429
2. These words were added by Mah. 13 of 1978, s.2
3. These words were substituted for the words "and their redevelopment", ibid. s.3
4. This indicates the date of commencement of Act,
5. Maharashtra Ordinances No. IV and V of 1978 were repealed by Mah. 13 of
1978, s.7 and 8 res'pectively.
6. This Act came into force on 6th May 1978, except sections 4 and 8 thereof, which came into force on 19th May 1978.


CHAPTER I-PRELIMINARY

SECTION 01: SHORT TITLE, EXTENT AND COMMENCEMENT
:

(1) This Act may be called the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971.

(2) It extends to the whole of the State of Maharashtra.

(3) It shall come into force in such areas' and on such date' as the State Government may by notification in the Official Gazette appoint; and different dates may be appointed for different areas.

SECTION 02: DEFINITIONS: III THIS ACT UNLESS THE CONTEXT OTHERWISE REQUIRES
,

(a) "Administrator" means --

(i) in Greater Bombay or any part thereof such person not being a person below the rank of a Divisional Commissioner as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and,

(ii) elsewhere the Divisional Commissioner; (b) "building" includes a house, out-house, stable, shed, hut and other enclosure or structure, whether of masonry bricks, wood, mud, metal or any other material whatsoever, whether used as human dwelling or otherwise; and also includes verandahs, fixed platforms, plinths, door-steps, electric meters, walls including compound walls and fencing and the like; but does not include plant or machinery comprised in a building;

1[(b-1) "Collector" means the Collector of a district and includes an Additional Collector or any officer specially appointed by the State Government to perform the functions of a Collector under this Act;]

(c) "Competent Authority" means a person or body appointed to be the Competent Authority under section 3;

(d) "land" includes building and also benefits to arise out of land, things attached to the earth of permanently fastened to anything attached to the earth;

(e) "occupier" includes, -- (i) any person who for the time being is paying or is liable to pay to the owner the rent or any portion of the rent of the land or building in respect of which such rent is paid or is payable;

(ii) an owner in occupation of, or otherwise using, his land or building;

(iii) a rent-free tenant of any land or building;

(iv) a licensee in occupation of any land or building; and

(v) any person who is liable to pay to the owner damages for the use and occupation of any land or building;

(f) "owner", when used with reference to any building or land, means the person who receives or is entitled to receive the rent of the building or land, if the building or land were let, and includes,--

(i) an agent or trustee who receives such rent on account of the owner;

1. This clause was inserted by Mah. 28 of 1984, s.2.

(ii) an agent or trustee who receives the rent of, or is entrusted with, or concerned for, any building or land devoted to religious or charitable purpose;

(iii) a receiver, sequestrator or manager appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction to have the charge of or to exercise the rights of owner of the said building or land; and

(iv) a mortgagee-in-possession;

-

1[but does not include, a slumlord;]

(g) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

2[(ga) "slum area" means any area declared as such by the Competent Authority under sub-section (1) of section 4;] 3[and includes any area deemed to be a slum area under section 4A;]

(h) "slum clearance" means the clearance of any slum area by the demolition and removal of building there from;

4[(h-a) "slumlord" means a person, who illegally takes possession of any lands (whether belonging to Government, local authority or any other person) or enters into or creates illegal tenancies or leave and licence agreements or any other agreements in respect of such lands, or who constructs unauthorised structures thereon for sale or hire, or gives such lands to any persons on rental or leave and licence basis for construction, or use and occupation, of unauthorised structures, or who knowingly gives financial aid to any persons' for taking illegal possession of such lands, or for construction of unauthorised structures thereon, or who collects or attempts to collect from any occupiers of such lands rent, compensation or other charges by criminal intimidation, or who evicts or attempts to evict any such occupiers by force without resorting to the lawful procedure, or who abets in any manner the doing of any of the above mentioned things;]

1. These words were added by Mah. 30 of 1986, s.2(a).
2. Clause (ga) was inserted, by Mah. 23 of 1973, s.102, Sch. II.
3. Inserted by Mah. 20 of 1971 sec. 2.
4. Clause (h-a) was inserted by Mah, 30 of 1986 s. 2(h).

1(h-b) "Slum Rehabilitation Area" means a slum rehabilitation area, declared as such under sub-section (1) of section 3C by the Competent Authority in pursuance of the Slum Rehabilitation scheme notified under section 38.

(h-c) "Slum Rehabilitation Authority' means the Slum Rehabilitation Authority or Authorities appointed by the State Government under section 3A].

(h-d) "Slum Rehabilitation Scheme" mean that the Slum Rehabilitation scheme notified under section 3B;}

2[(i) 3[Tribunal of special Tribunal means Tribunal or Special

3[tribunal which the State Government is hereby empowered to constitute consisting of -

(a) the President, being a person who -

(i) is or has been a District Judge or has practiced as a Pleader or Advocate or both for not less than eight years and is holding or has held the post not below the rank of the Joint Secretary in the Law and Judiciary Department; or

(ii)is holding or has held any judicial office for not less than ten years; or

(iii) is practicing or has practiced as an Advocate for not less than eight years; and

(b) two members, -

(i) one of whom shall be a person who is holding or has held the post not below the rank of the Deputy Director of Town Planning; and

(ii) the other shall be a person who is or has held the post not below the rank of the Superintending Engineer to Government;]

(j) "works of improvement" includes in relation to any building in a slum area the execu1 of any one or more of the following works, namely :-

(i) repairs which are necessary;

(ii) structural alterations;

(iii) provision of light points, water taps and bathing places;

(iv) construction of drains, open or covered;

(v) provision for latrines, including conversion of dry latrines into flush latrines;

(vi) provision of additional or improved fixtures or fittings;

(vii) opening up or paving of courtyards;

(viii) construction of passages or roads;

(ix) any other work including the demolition of any building or any part thereof which in the opinion of the Competent Authority is necessary for executing any of the works specified above.

1. Clauses (h-b) (h-c)(h-d) inserted by Mah. 4 of 1996 s. 2(9).
2. Clause (i) was substituted by Mah.29 of 1987, S. 2.
3. Subs. by Mah. 4 of 1996 s. 2(b).
SECTION 03: APPOINTMENT OF COMPETENT AUTHORITIES:

(1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint any person to be the Competent Authority for the purposes of this Act, for such area as may be specified in the notification.

(2) Where any body corporate (including a local authority) is appointed to be the Competent Authority, then the powers and functions of the Competent Authority under this Act shall, subject to such restrictions and conditions as, the Competent Authority may impose in this behalf, be exercised and performed on behalf of such body corporate -

(a) by the Municipal Commissioner or any officer not below the rank of a City Engineer or Deputy Municipal Commissioner as may be specified by the Municipal Commissioner in this behalf, in the case of a Municipal Corporation constituted under any law for the time being in force;

(b) by the Chief Officer, in the case of a Municipal Council constituted under any law for the time being in force;

(c) by the Chairman of the Nagpur Improvement Trust (constituted under the Nagpur Improvement Trust Act, 1936), in the case of such Trust;

(d) by the Housing Commissioner or any officer not below the rank of Assistant Housing Commissioner specified by the Housing Commissioner in this behalf, in the case of a Housing Board constituted, under any law for the time being in force.

CHAPTER I-A SLUM REHABILITATION SCHEME

SECTION 03A: SLUM REHABILITATION AUTHORITY FOR IMPLEMENTING SLUM REHABILITATION SCHEME
. "

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions, the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint an authority to be called the Slum Rehabilitation Authority for such area or areas as may be specified in the notification; and different authorities may be appointed for different areas.

(2) Every Slum Rehabilitation Authority shall consist of a Chairman a Chief Executive Officer and fourteen other members, all of whom shall be appointed by the State Government.

(3) The powers and duties of the Slum Rehabilitation Authority shall be such as may be specified by the State Government by general or special order or orders issued in this behalf, from time to time.

(4) The terms and conditions of appointment of the non-official members of the Slum Rehabilitation Authority shall be such as may be specified by the State Government.

(5) The Slum Rehabilitation Authority may appoint Committees consisting of its members and experts to facilitate its working and speedy implementation of the Scheme prepared under section 3B.

SECTION 03B: SLUM REHABILITATION SCHEME:
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(1) The Government, or the Slum Rehabilitation Authority concerned with the previous sanction of the State Government, shall, prepare a General Slum Rehabilitation Scheme for the areas specified under sub-section (1) of section 3A, for rehabilitation of slums and hutment colonies in such areas.

(2) The General Slum Rehabilitation Scheme prepared under sub-section (1) shall be published in the Official Gazette, by the State Government or the concerned Slum Rehabilitation Authority, as the case may be, as the Provisional Slum Rehabilitation Scheme for the area specified under section 3A (1), for the information of general public, inviting objections and suggestions, giving reasonable period of not less than thirty-days for submission of objections and suggestions, if any, in respect of the said Scheme.

1. Chapter I-A was inserted by Mah. Act 4 of 1996, Sec. 3 w.e.f. 24.10.1995
.

(3) The Chief Executive Officer of the Slum Rehabilitation Authority shall consider the objections and suggestions, if any, received within the specified period in respect of the said Provisional Scheme, and after considering the same, and after carrying out such modifications as deemed fit or necessary, finally publish the said Scheme, with the approval of the State Government or, as the case may be, Slum Rehabilitation Authority in the Official Gazette, as the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme.

(4) The Slum Rehabilitation Scheme so notified under sub section (3) shall, generally lay down the parameters for declaration of any area as the Slum Rehabilitation Area and indicate the manner in which rehabilitation of the area declared as the Slum Rehabilitation Area shall be carried out. In particular, it shall provide for all or any of the following matters, that is to say, -

(a) the parameters or guidelines for declaration of an area as the Slum Rehabilitation Area;

(b) basic and essential parameters of development of Slum Rehabilitation Area under the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme;

(c) provision for obligatory participation of the landholders and occupants of the area declared as the Slum Rehabilitation Area under the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme in the implementation of the Scheme;

(d) provision relating to transit accommodation pending development of the Slum Rehabilitation Area and allotment of tenements on development to the occupants of such area, free of cost.

(e) Scheme for development of the Slum Rehabilitation Areas under the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme by the landholders and occupants by themselves or through a developer and the terms and conditions of such development; and the option available to the Slum Rehabilitation Authority for taking up such development in the event of non-participation of the landholders or occupants;

(f) provision regarding sanction of Floor Space Index and transfer of development rights, if any, to be made available to the developer for development of the Slum Rehabilitation Area under the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme;

(g) provision regarding non-transferable nature of tenements for a certain period, etc.

SECTION 03C: DECLARATION OF A SLUM REHABILITATION AREA
:

(1) As soon as may be after the publication of the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme, the Competent Authority on being satisfied that circumstances exist in respect of any area, justifying its declaration as Slum Rehabilitation Area under the said scheme, may by an order published in the Official Gazette, declare such area to be a "Slum Rehabilitation Area". The order declaring slum rehabilitation area (hereinafter referred to as "the Slum Rehabilitation Order" shall also be given wide publicity in such manner as may be specified by the State Government.

(2) Any person aggrieved by the Slum Rehabilitation Order may within four weeks of the publication of such order prefer an appeal to the Special Tribunal; and the decision of the Special Tribunal shall be final.

SECTION 03D: APPLICATION OF OTHER CHAPTERS OF THIS ACT TO SLUM REHABILITATION AREA WITH MODIFICATION.
"

On publication of the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme under sub-section (1) of section 3B, the provisions of other Chapters of this Act shall apply to any area declared as the Slum Rehabilitation Area, subject to the following modifications, namely

(a) Chapters II and III shall be omitted;

(b) in Chapter IV,

(i) section 11 shall be omitted;

(ii) in section 12, -

(A) for sub-section (1), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely

"(1) As soon as may be, after the Competent Authority has declared any slum area to be a Slum Rehabilitation Area, it shall make a clearance order in relation to that area, ordering the demolition of each of the buildings specified therein, and requiring each such building to be vacated within such time as may be specified in the clearance order.";

(B) Sub-sections (2) and (3) shall be omitted;

(C) for sub-section (4), the following sub-section shall be substituted namely :-

"(4) Any person aggrieved by the clearance order may, within four weeks of the publication of such order prefer an appeal to the Special Tribunal; and the decision of the Special Tribunal shall be final."

(D) in sub-section (5), for the word "Tribunal," in both the places where it occurs, the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

(E) in sub-section (10),

(a) for the words "Competent Authority" in both the places where they occur, the words "Slum Rehabilitation Authority" shall be substituted;

(b) in the proviso, for the word "Tribunal" the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

(iii) for section 13, the following section shall be substituted, namely:

"13. Power of Slum Rehabilitation Authority to develop Slum Rehabilitation Area.

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (10) of section 12, the Slum Rehabilitation Authority may, at any time, after any area is declared as a Slum Rehabilitation Area but before the work of development of land in that area has been commenced by the owner, by order, determine to redevelop the land by entrusting it to any agency recognised by it for the purpose, if the Slum Rehabilitation Authority is satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest to do so.

(2) Where on declaration of any area as a Slum Rehabilitation Area, the Slum Rehabilitation Authority, is satisfied that the land in the Slum Rehabilitation Area has been or is being developed by the owner in contravention of the plans duly approved, or any restriction or conditions imposed under sub-section (10) of section 12, or has not been developed within the time, if any, specified under such conditions, it may, by order, determine to develop the land by entrusting it to any agency recognised by it for the purpose


Provided that, before passing such order, the owner shall be given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause why the order should not be passed."

(c) in Chapter V, -

(i) in section 14, in sub-section (1), -

(A) for the portion beginning with the words "to execute" and ending with the words "clearance area" the (ii) words "to carry out development under the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme in any Slum Rehabilitation Area" shall be substituted;

(B) after the proviso, the following proviso shall be added, namely

"Provided further that, the State Government may delegate its powers under this sub-section to any officer not below the rank of Commissioner."

(ii) in section 15,

(A)in sub-section (3),

(1) for the words "Competent Authority" in both the places where they occur, the words "Slum Rehabilitation Authority" shall be substituted;

(b) clause (a) shall be omitted;

(c) for clause (b), the following clause shall be substituted, namely

"(b) entrust, in accordance with the provisions of section 3B(4) the work of development of such area to any other agency as provided in sub-section (1) of section 1 or to a Co-operative Housing Society of the Qc1 of such Rehabilitation Area or occupants of any other area which has been declared as a Slum Rehabilitation Area"

(B)in sub-section (4), the portion beginning with the words "with or without" and ending with the word "thereon" shall be omitted.

(iii) in section 17, for the words "Tribunal", in both the places where it occurs, the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted; in section 18, for the word "Tribunal", wherever it occurs, tile words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

Chapter VI,-

(i)sections 22, 23, 23A and 26 shall mutatis mutandis apply to the Slum Rehabilitation area;

(ii) for section 24 and 25, the following section shall be substituted, namely:

"24. Allotment of tenements to occupants.

(1) Where an occupant of any premises in an area declared as a Slum Rehabilitation Area has vacated, or is evicted from, such premises, on the ground that, the premises are required for the purpose of development under Slum Rehabilitation Scheme, such occupant may, within such time as may be prescribed, file a declaration with the Slum Rehabilitation Authority that he desired to be rehabilitated in that area after its redevelopment under the said Scheme.

(2) On the receipt of such declaration, the Slum Rehabilitation Authority shall register his declaration in the prescribed manner and on completion of the development of the area and reconstruction of the buildings in the said area under the Scheme, give notice to the registered occupants by affixing it in some conspicuous part of the building and sending it by post to the address which may have been registered with the Slum Rehabilitation Authority by such occupants and in such other manner as may be determined by the Slum Rehabilitation Authority, that the building is likely to be or is ready for occupation from a specified date, and that they should vacate transit accommodation, if any, given to them, and occupy the building so erected within a period specified in the notice."

(e) in Chapter VII,

(i) in section 28, for the words "slum area" the words "Slum Rehabilitation Area" shall be substituted;

(ii) in' section 34, for the words "slum area" in both the places where they occur, the words "Slum Rehabilitation Area" shall be substituted;

(iii) .in section 35, for the word "Administrator", in both the places where it occurs, the words "Slum Rehabilitation Authority" shall be substituted;

(iv) in section 37, for the words "clearance are" the words "Slum Rehabilitation Area" shall be substituted;

(v) in section 38, in sub-section (1) -

(i) the words and figure "of the provisions of section 8 or" shall be deleted;

(ii) for the words clearance area the words Slum Rehabilitation Area" shall be substituted;

(vi) in section 41, after the words "Competent Authority the words "Slum Rehabilitation Authority" shall be inserted.

(vii) in section 42, -

(A) for the word "Administrator" the words "Slum Rehabilitation Authority" shall be substituted;

(B) for the word "Tribunal" the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted.

(viii) in section 43, after the words "Competent Authority" the words "Slum Rehabilitation Authority" shall be inserted;

(ix) in section 44, for the word "Tribunal" wherever it occurs, the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

(x) in section 44A,-

(A) in sub-section (2) for the word "Tribunal", wherever it occurs the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

(B) in the marginal note, for the word "Tribunal" the words "Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

throughout section 45, including in the marginal note, for the words "the Tribunal", wherever they occur, the words "the Special Tribunal" shall be substituted;

(xii) for section 47, the following section shall be substituted, namely

(xi)

"47. Cesser of corresponding laws.

Where any a is declared to be a Slum Rehabilitation Area then as from the date of such declaration, the provisions of any municipal law or other law, corresponding to the provisions of this Chapter, for slum development in relation to such Slum Rehabili tation Area, in force immediately before the said shall, save as otherwise provided in this Chapter, cease to be in force in such Slum Rehabilitation Area, but so long only as the said declaration remains in force.

SECTION 3E: RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER OF TENEMENTS
.

The tenements allotted to the persons under the Slum Rehabilitation Scheme shall not be transferred by the allottee thereof by way of sale, gift, exchange, lease or otherwise for a period of first ten years commencing from the date of allotment of the tenement. After the expiry of the said period of ten years, the allottee may, with the permission of the Slum Rehabilitation Authority, transfer such tenement in accordance with the pre scribed procedure.

CHAPTER, II SLUM AREAS

SECTION 04: DECLARATION OF SLUM AREAS
. "

1[(1) Where the Competent Authority is satisfied that

(a) any area is or may be a source of danger to the health, safety or convenience of the public of that area or of its neighbourhood, by reason of the area having inadequate or no basic amenities, or being insanitary, squalid, overcrowded or otherwise; or.

(b) the buildings in any area, used or intended to be used for human habitation are

(i) in any respect unfit for human habitation; or

(ii) by reasons of dilapidation, overcrowding, faulty arrangement and design of such buildings, narrowness or faulty arrangement of streets, lack of ventilation, light or sanitation facilities or combination of these factors, detrimental to the health, safety or convenience of the public of that area, the Competent Authority may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare such area to be a slum area. Such declaration shall also be published in such other manner (as will give due publicity to the declaration in the area) as may be prescribed.]

(2) In determining whether buildings are unfit for human habitation for the purposes of this Act, regard shall be had to the condition thereof in respect of the following matters, that is to say,-

(a) repairs;

(b) stability;

(c) freedom from damp;

(d) natural light and air;

(e) provision for water-supply

(f) provision for drainage and sanitary conveniences;

(g) facilities for the disposal of waste water;

and the building shall be deemed to be unfit as aforesaid, if and only if, it is so far defective in one or more of the said matters that it is not reasonably suitable for occupation in that condition.

(3) Any person aggrieved by a declaration made under sub'- section (1) may, within thirty days after the date of such declaration in the Official Gazette, appeal to the Tribunal

1. Sub-section (1) was substituted by Mah. 23 of 1973, S. 102, Sch. II.

1[No such appeal filed after the expiry of thirty days as aforesaid shall be entertained.]

2[(4) When an appeal is presented under sub-section (3), the Tribunal shall, by a public notice published in a newspaper in the Marathi language circulating in the local area in which the slum area is situated and also displayed at some conspicuous place in the slum area, call upon the residents of the slum area to file their objections, if any, to the appeal within a period of fifteen days from the date of publication of such public notice in the newspaper as aforesaid, either by themselves or through any association of residents in the slum area of which they are members.

(5) On expiry of the period of fifteen days as aforesaid the Tribunal shall fix a day for hearing the appeal and inform the appellant about the same by letter under certificate of posting and the residents of the slum area by displaying the notice of hearing at some conspicuous place in the slum area and upon hearing the appellant and the residents or representative of their association in the slum area, if present, or on considering the written objections, if any, made by such residents or association, if absent, the Tribunal may, subject to the provisions of sub-section (6), make an order either confirming, modifying or rescinding the declaration; and the decision of the Tribunal shall be final.


Explanation: For the purposes of sub-section (4) and this sub section, the expression "any association of residents in the slum area" means a society, if any, of such residents registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 or under the Maharashtra Co operative Societies Act, 1960.

(6) While deciding the appeal the tribunal shall ignore the works of improvement executed in such sum area by any agency of the Government or any local authority after the declaration thereof as such slum area 6 Competent Authority under sub section (1).

SECTION 04A: 1[CERTAIN SLUM IMPROVEMENT AREAS DEEMED TO BE SLUM AREAS
. "

(1) Any declaration made under section 26 of the Maharashtra Slum Improvement Board Act, 1973,declaring any area to be slum improvement area, and in force immediately before the date of commencement of the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) (Amendment) Act, 1976 (hereinafter in this section referred to as "the said date") shall, on and from the said date, be deemed to be a declaration made under section 4 of this Act declaring the same area to be a slum for the purposes of this Act.

-

(2) Any person aggrieved by the provisions of sub-section (1) may, within thirty days from the said date, appeal to the Tribunal functioning under this Act.

(3) On such appeal, the Tribunal may ma an order confirming, modifying or rescinding the declaration; and the decision of the Tribunal shall be final.]

1. Section 4A was inserted by Mah. 20 of 1976, s. 3.

CHAPTER III SLUM IMPROVEMENT

SECTION 05: 1[POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY OF EXECUTION OF WORKS OF IMPROVEMENT
. "

(1) Where the Competent Authority is satisfied that any slum area or any part thereof is capable of being improved, at a reasonable expense, so as not be a source of danger to the health, safety or convenience of the public of, that areas it may serve upon the owner or owners and every mortgagee of the properties iii that area or any part thereof, a notice informing them of its intention to carry out such improvement works as in its opinion are necessary and asking each of them to submit his objections or suggestions, if any, to the Competent Authority, within thirty days the date of such notice. A copy of such notice shall also be displayed at some conspicuous places in the area for the information of the occupiers thereof and for giving them also an opportunity to submit their objections or suggestions, if any. On such display of the notice, the owners, occupies and all other persons concerned shall be deemed to have been duly informed of the matters stated therein

(2) After considering the objections and suggestions received within the time aforesaid, from the owners, occupiers and other persons concerned, the Competent Authority may decide and proceed to carry out the improvement works with or without modifications or may postpone them for a certain period or cancel the intention to undertake the works.

1. Original section 5 was renumbered as section SC, and before section SC as so renumbered, secs. 5, 5A and 5B were inserted by Mah. 23 of 1973, s. 102, Sch
.II.
SECTION 05A: IMPROVEMENT WORKS
. "

For the 1[purpose of this Act,] the improvement works may consist of all or any of the following

(a) laying of water mains, sewers and storm water drains;

(b) provision of urinals, latrines, community b and water taps

(c) widening, rea1ign or paving of existing roads, lanes and pathways and constructing new roads, lanes and pathways;

(d) providing street lighting;

(e) cutting, filling, leveling and landscaping the area;

(f) partial development of the area with a view to providing land for unremunerative purposes such as parks, playgrounds, welfare and community centres, schools, dispensaries, hospitals, police stations and other amenities run on a non profit t

(g) demolition of obstructive or dilapidated buildings or portions of buildings;

(h) any other matter for which, in the opinion of the Competent Authority, it is expedient to make provision for preventing the area from being or becoming a source of danger to safety or health or a nuisance.

SECTION 05B: POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO REQUIRE OCCUPIERS TO VACATE PREMISES
. "

(1) Where the Competent Authority under takes the improvement works in any area and is of opinion that any of the occupiers thereof should vacate their premises, it shall give them notice to vacate by a specified date or dates. It may as far as practicable offer such occupier's alternative sites in any other area. If any occupier fails to vacate and to shift to the alternative site offered to him within the specified period, the responsibility of the Competent Authority to provide him alternative site shall cease.

1. These words were substituted for the words "purpose of the last preceding section", by Mah. 20 of 1976, s. 4.
SECTION 05C: 1[POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO REQUIRE IMPROVEMENT OF BUILDINGS UNIT FOR HUMAN HABITATION AND OF AREAS WHICH ARE SOURCE OF DANGER TO PUBLIC HEALTH, ETC
. "

(1) Where the Competent Authority, upon report from of its officers or other information in its possession, is satisfied that any buildings in a slum area are in any respect unfit for human habitation, or any slum area or part thereof is or is likely to be a source of danger to the health, safety or convenience of the public in that area or in its neighbour hood by reason of the area having no basic amenities or having inadequate amenities or being insanitary, squalid, overcrowded or otherwise a source of such danger, the Competent Authority may, unless in it the buildings or the area are not capable at a reas2nable expense o being rendered so fit or free from such

danger, serve upon the owners of the buildings or land the area a notice requiring them, within such time, which shall not be less than thirty days, as may be specified in the notice, to execute such works of improvement, either within or outside the buildings or the area, as may be specified in the notice, and stating that in the opinion of the Authority those works will render the buildings or the area fit for human habitation or free from such danger, as the case may be.

1. Section SC was substituted for the original by Mah. 20 of 1976, s.5

(2) In addition to serving a notice under this section on the owners, the Competent Authority may serve copy of the notice on every mortgagee of the building or land so far as it is reasonably practicable to ascertain such persons and further copy of such notice shall also be displayed at some conspicuous place in the slum area for the information of the occupiers thereof. Such display of the notice shall be conclusive proof that the owners, occupiers and other persons concerned have been duly informed of the matter stated in the notice.

(3) In determining for the purposes of this Act whether the building can be rendered fit for human habitation or the area can be rendered free from danger aforesaid, at reasonable expense, regard shall be had to the estimated cost of the works necessary for these purposes and the value which it is estimated that, the buildings or lands will have the works are completed.]

SECTION 06: ENFORCEMENT OF NOTICE REQUIRING EXECUTION OF WORKS OF IMPROVEMENT
. "

(1) If a notice under 1[section 5C] requiring the owners of the buildings or of the lands 2* * * as the case may be, to execute works of improvement is not complied with, them, after the expiration of the time specified in the notice, the Competent Authority may itself do the works required to be done by the notice.

(2) All expenses incurred by the Competent Authority under this section, together with interest, at such rate as the State Government may by order fix, from the date when a demand for the expenses is made until payment, may be recovered by the Competent Authority from the owners of the buildings or of the lands,.] as the case may be, as arrears of land revenue


Provided that, if any owner proves that he:-

(a) is receiving the rent merely as agent or trustee for some other person; and

(b) has not in his hands on behalf of that other person sufficient money to satisfy the whole demand of the Authority, his liability shall be limited to the total amount of the money which ha in his hands as aforesaid.

1. This was substituted for; the word and figure "section 5" by Mah. 23 of 1973, s.102,' Sch. 11.
2. The words "on which the buildings stand" were deleted by Mah. 20 of 1976, s.6
.
SECTION 07:1[EXPENSES OF MA1NTENANCE WORKS OF IMPROVEMENT TO BE RECOVERABLE FROM OCCUPIER
. "
Where works of improvement have been executed in any slum area or in relation to any build or buildings in a slum area, in pursuance of the provisions of sections 5, 5C and 6, any expenses incurred by the Competent Authority or, as the case may be, any local authority, in connection with the maintenance of such works or the enjoyment of amenities and. conveniences rendered possible by such works shall be recoverable from the occupiers of the area or of buildings concerned as service charges; and if the amount due is not paid Within the time specified, it shall be recoverable from the occupier concerned as arrears of land revenue. *
SECTION 08: RESTRICTION ON BUILDINGS ETC. IN SLUM AREAS
. (1) The Competent Authority may, by notification in the Official Gazette (and also published in such other manner as may be prescribed), direct that no person shall erect any building in a slum area except with the previous permission in writing of the Competent Authority.

(2) Every notification issued under sub-se (1) shall cease to have effect on the expiration of two years from the date thereof, or such extended period or periods not exceeding a- further five years as the State Government may by notification in the Official Gazette (and also published in such other manner as may be prescribed) from time to time specify in this behalf, except as respect things done or omitted to be done before such ceaser.

(3) Every person desiring to obtain the permission referred to in sub-section (1) shall make an application in writing to the Competent Authority in such form and containing such information in respect of the erection of the building to which the application relates as may be prescribed.

(4) On receipt of such application, the Competent Authority, after making such inquiry as it considers necessary, shall, by order in writing -

1. Section 7 was substituted for the original by Mah. 23 of 1973, S. 102, Sch. 11.

(a) either grant the permission subject to such terms and conditions, if any, as may be specified in the order.

(b) refuse to grant such permission


Provided that, before making an order refusing such permission, the applicant shall be given a reasonable opportunity to show cause why the permission should not be refused.

(5) Nothing contained in sub-section (1) shall apply to --

(a) any works of improvement required to be executed by a notice under sub-section (1) 1[of section 5 or section 5C]; or in pursuance of an undertaking given under sub-section (2) of section 9; or

(b) the erection of any building in any area in respect of which a slum clearance order has been made under section 12.

SECTION 09: POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO ORDER DEMOLITION OF BUILDINGS UNFIT FOR HUMAN HABITATION
. - (1) Where a Competent Authority upon a report from any of its officers, or other information in its possession is satisfied, that any building in a slum area is unfit for human habitation and is not capable at a reasonable expense of being rendered so fit, it shall serve upon the owner of the building and upon any other person having an interest in the building, whether as lessee, mortgagee or otherwise, a notice as to why an order of demolition of the building should not be made.

(2) If any of the persons upon whom a notice has been served under sub-section (1) appears in pursuance thereof before the Competent Authority and gives an undertaking to the Authority that such person shall within a period specified by the Authority execute such works of improvement in relation to the buildings as will in the opinion of the Authority re the building fit for human habitation or that it shall not be used for human habitation until the Authority on being satisfied that it has been rendered fit for that purpose cancels the undertaking, the Author shall not make any order of demolition of the building.

(3) If no such undertaking as is mentioned in sub-section (2) is given, or if in a case where any such undertaking has been given any work of improvement to which the undertaking relates is not carried out within the specified period, or the building is at any time used in contravention of the terms of the undertaking, the Competent Authority shall forthwith make an order of demolition of the hl requiring that the building shall be vacated within a period to be specified in the order being less than thirty days, from the date of the order, and that it shall be demolished within six weeks after the expiration of that period


Provided that, before any such order is made, the Competent Authority shall as far as practicable secure accommodation in advance for housing the occupiers who may be dishoused as a result of such demolition.

1. These words, figures and letter were substituted for the words, figure and letter "of section 5C" by Mah. 20of 1976, s.7.
SECTION 10: PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED WHERE DEMOLITION ORDER HAS BEEN MADE
.

(1) Where an order for demolition of a building under section 9 has been made, the owner of the building or any other person having an interest therein shall demolish that build ing within the time specified n that by the order; and if the building is not demolished within that time, the Competent Authority shall enter and demolish the building' and sell the materials thereof.

(2) Any expenses incurred by the Competent Authority under sub-section (1), if not satisfied out of the proceeds of sale of materials of the building, shall be recoverable from the owner of the building or any, other person having an interest therein as arrears of land revenue.

SECTION 10A: POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO ENTRUST IMPROVEMENT AND OTHER WORKS
. "

In any slum area, the Competent Authority may, with the previous approval of the State Government and on such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon, entrust to any agency recognised by it for the purpose, --

(a) the execution, under its own supervision, of any improvement, clearance or redevelopment works;

(b) the maintenance, or repairs of any such works under its control;

(c) the work of collection of service charges ˜recoverable by and due to it.]

1. Section 1OA was inserted by Mah. 23 of 1973, s. 102, Sch. II.

CHAPTER IV-SLUM CLEARANCE REDEVELOPMENT

SECTION 11: POWER TO DECLARE ANY SLUM AREA TO BE A CLEARANCE AREA
.-

(1) Where the Competent Authority, upon a report from any of its officers or other information in its possession, is satisfied, as respects any slum area, that the most satisfactory method of dealing with the conditions in the area is the demolition of all the buildings in the area, the Authority shall cause that area to be defined on a map in such manner as to exclude from the area any building which, is not unfit for human habitation or dangerous or injurious to health, and then it shall, by an order notified in the Official Gazette, declare the area so defined to be a clearance area, that is to say, an area to be cleared of all buildings in accordance with the provisions of this Act. The order shall also be given wide publicity in such manner as may be prescribed.

(2) Before any area is declared to be a clearance area, the competent Authority shall satisfy itself as to the sufficiency of its resources, and ascertain the number of persons who are likely to be dihoused in such area, and thereafter, to take such measures as

are practicable whether by the arrangement of its programme or by securing a far as practicable such accommodation in advance of displacements which will from time to time become necessary as the demolition of building in the area, or in different parts thereof proceeds, or in any other manner so as to ensure that as little hardship as possible is inflicted on those dishoused. The State Government may, subject to the provisions of Chapter V, and subject to the condition of previous publications, make rules for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this sub-section; and without prejudice to the generality of this provision, such rules may provide for ascertaining the number and names of persons who on a date to be specified by the Competent Authority were occupying the buildings comprised in the clearance area, for the location of the accommodation either temporary or permanent and the extent of floor areas to be provided to those who are dishoused occupying the building after it is re-erected, for rent to be paid for the temporary accommodation provided to those who are dishoused, the circumstances in which persons provided with temporary accommodation may be evicted, and for purposes connected with the matter aforesaid. The provisions of sub-section (2) of section 46 shall apply in relation to rules made under this section as they apply to rules made under that section.

(3) The Competent Authority shall forthwith transmit to the Administrator a copy of the declaration under this section, together with a map and statement of the number of persons who, on the date specified by the Competent Authority under sub-section (2), were occupying buildings comprised in the clearance area.

SECTION 12: CLEARANCE ORDER
. "

(1) As soon as may be after the Competent Authority has declared any slum area to be a clearance area, it shall make a clearance order in relation to that area, ordering the demolition of each of the buildings specified therein, and requiring each such building to be vacated within such time as may be specified in the 1[clearance order] to the Administrator for confirmation.

(2).The Administrator may either confirm the 1[clearance order] in whole or subject to such variations as he considers necessary; or reject the 1[clearance order].

(3) As soon as a clearance order is confirmed the Administrator shall publish a notice in such manner as may be prescribed; stating that the 1[clearance order] has been confirmed and naming a place where a copy bf the 1[clearance order] confirmed and of the map referred to therein may be seen at all reasonable hours.

(4) Any person aggrieved by the 1[clearance order] of the Administrator may, within six weeks of the publication of the notice of the confirmation of the 1[clearance order] prefer an appeal to the Tribunal; and the decision of the Tribunal shall be final.

(5) Where any such appeal 2[is duly made], --

(i) 3[the Tribunal or the President may; by interim order,] suspend the operation of the 4[clearance order] either generally, or in so far as it affects any property, until the final determination of the appeal; and

1. These words were substituted for the word "order' by Mah. 46 of 1975, . 2(1)
2. These words were substituted for the words "is duly made, the Tribunal" by Mah.
46 of 1975, s. 2(2)(a).
3. These words were substituted for the words "may, by interim order," ibid, s.2(2)(b).
4. These words were substituted for the word "order", ibid, s. 2(1)

(ii) 1[the Tribunal if satisfied] upon hearing of the appeal that the 2[clearance order] is not within the powers of this Act, or that the interest of the appellant have been substantially prejudiced, by any requirement of this Act not having been complied with, may quash the 2[clearance order] either generally, or in so far as it affects any property of the appellant.

(6) Subject to the provisions of the last preceding sub-section, the 2[clearance order] shall become operative at the expiration of six weeks froth the date on which the notice of confirmation of the 2[clearance order] is publishes in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(7) When a clearance order has become operative, the owners of buildings to which the 2[clearance order] applies shall demolish the buildings before the expiration of six weeks from the date on which the buildings are required by the 2[clearance order] to be vacated, or before the expiration of such longer period as in the circumstances Of the case, the Competent Authority may deem reasonable.

(8) If the buildings are not demolished before the expiration of the period mentioned in sub-section (7), the Competent Authority may enter and demolish the buildings and sell the material thereof.

(9) Any expenses incurred by the Competent Authority in demolishing any buildings, after giving credit, for any amount realised by the sale of materials, may be recovered by the Competent Authority from the owner of the building or person having interest therein as arrears of land revenue; and any surplus in the hands of the Competent Authority shall be paid by it to the owner of the building, or if there are more than one owner, shall be paid as those owners agree. In default of agreement between the owners, the Competent Authority shall deposit the surplus amount in Greater Bombay, in the Bombay City Civil Court, and else where, in the District Court; and the decision of the Principal Judge, or as the case may be, the District Judge, on the question of distributing the surplus between the owners, shall be final.

(10) Subject to the provisions of this Act and of any other law for the time being in force in relation to town-planning and to the regulation of the erection of buildings, where a clearance order has become operative, the owner of the land to which the 1[clearance order] applies, may redevelop the land in accordance with the plans approved by the Competent Authority, and subject to such restrictions and conditions' (including a condition With regard to the time within which the redevelopment shall be completed), if any, as that Authority may think fit to impose:

1. These words were substituted for the words "if satisfied", i1'id, s. 2(2)(c).
2. These words were substituted for the word "order", ibid, s. 2(1)


Provided that, an owner who is aggrieved by a restriction or condition so imposed on the user of his land, or by a subsequent refusal of the Competent Authority to cancel of modify any such restriction or condition may, with such time as may be prescribed, appeal to the Tribunal and its decision shall be final.

(11) No person shall commence or cause to be commenced any work in contravention of a plan approved or a restriction or condition imposed under sub-section (10).

SECTION 13: POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO REDEVELOP CLEARANCE AREA
. "

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 12 the Competent Authority may, at any time after the land has been cleared of buildings in accordance with a clearance order, but before the work of redevelopment of that land has become commenced by the owner, by order, determine to redevelop by the land at its own cost, if that Authority is satisfied that it Is necessary in the public interest to do so.

(2) Where land has been cleared Of the buildings in accordance with a clearance Order, the Competent Authority, if it is satisfied that the land as been, or is being, redeveloped by the owner thereof in contravention of plans duly approved, or any restrictions or conditions imposed under sub-section (10) of section 12, or has not been redeveloped within the time, if any, specified under such conditions, may, by order, determine to redevelop the land at its own cost:


Provided that, before passing such order, the owner shall be given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause why the order should not be passed.

1. These words were substituted for the word "order' by Mah. 46 of 1975, s. 2(1)
.

CHAPTER V-ACQUISITION OF LAND

SECTION 14: POWER OF STATE GOVERNMENT TO ACQUIRE LAND
. "

(1) Where on any representation from the Competent authority it appears to the State Government that, in order to enable the Authority 1[to execute any work of improvement in relation to any slum area or any building in such area on to redevelop any clearance area, it is necessary that any land within adjoining or surrounded by any such area should be acquired, the State Government may acquire the land by publishing in the Official Gazette, a notice to the effect that the State Government has decided to acquire the land in pursuance of this section

2[Provided that, before publishing such notice, the State Government, or as the case may be, the Collector may call upon by notice the owner of, or other person who, in its or his opinion may be interested in, such land to show cause in writing why the land should not be acquired with reasons therefor, to the Collector within the period specified in the notice; and the Collector shall, with all reasonable despatch, forward any objections so submitted together with his report in respect thereof to the Stale Government and on considering the report and the objections, if any, the State Government may pass such order as it deems fit.]

3[(1A) The acquisition of land for any purpose mentioned in sub-section (shall be deemed to be a public purpose.]

(2) When a notice as aforesaid is published in the Official Gazette, the land shall, on and from the date on which the notice is so published, vest absolutely in the State Government free from all encumbrances.

SECTION 15: 1[POWER OF COLLECTOR TO REQUIRE PERSON IN POSSESSION OF LAND TO SURRENDER OR DELIVER POSSESSION THEREOF TO HIM, ETC.]
"

2[(1) Where any land is vested in the State Government under sub section (2) of section 14, the Collector may, by notice in writing order any person who may be in possession of the land to surrender or deliver possession thereof to him, or to any person duly authorised by him in this behalf, within thirty d of the service of the notice.]

(2) If any person fails or refuses to comply with an order under sub-section (1), 3 Collector or such authorised person] may take possession of the land, and may for that purpose use such force as may be reasonably necessary.

1. This marginal note as substituted for the ˜original, ibid., s.4(d)
2. Sub-section (1) was substituted by Mah. 28 of 1984, s. 4(a).
3. These words were substituted for the words "the State Government" ibid. s. 4 (b).

1[(3) Where any land is taken possession of as aforesaid, the Collector shall make that land available to the Competent Authority and thereupon the Competent Authority may,

(a) itself out any order of demolition or execution of the work of improvement or of redevelopment; or

(b) entrust, in accordance with the provisions of section 10A, the work of improvement or other works referred to in that section to any other agency including the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority constituted under the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Act, 1976, or to a Co-operative Housing Society of the occupants on such land or occupants of any other area which has been declared as slum area under section 4.

(4) The State Government or the Collector, with the previous approval of the State Government, may, subject to such terms and conditions, as the State Government considers expedient for securing the purposes of this Act, transfer by way of lease such land with or without the improvement and other works carried out thereon, to the Co-operative Housing Societies of such occupants.]

SECTION 16: RIGHT TO RECEIVE COMPENSATION
. "

Every person having any interest in any land acquired under his Act shall be entitled to receive from the State Government compensation as provided hereafter in this Act.

SECTION 17: BASIS FOR DETERMINATION OF COMPENSATION
. - (1) Where any land is acquired and vested in the State Government under this Chapter, the State Government shall pay for such acquisition compensation, the amount of which shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) Where the amount of compensation has been determined by agreement between 2[the State Government or as the case may be, the Collector] and the person to be compensated, it shall be determined in accordance with such agreement.

(3) Where no such agreement can be reached, the amount payable as compensation in respect of any land acquired shall be an amount equal to sixty times the net average monthly income actually derived from such land during the period of the five consecutive years immediately preceding the date of publication of the notice referred to in section 14.

(4) The net average monthly income referred to in subsection (3) shall be calculated in the manner and in accordance with the principles set out in the First Schedule.

(5) The Competent Authority shall, after holding an inquiry in the prescribed manner, determine in accordance with the provisions of sub the net average monthly income actually derived from the land, and publish a notice in a conspicuous place on the land and serve it in the manner provided in section 36 and calling upon the owner of the land and every person interested therein, to intimate to it, before a date specified in the notice, whether such owner or person agrees to the amount so determined and if he does not so agree, amount he claims to be the net average monthly income actually derived from the land.

(6) Any person who does not agree to the amount of the net average monthly income determined by the Competent Authority under sub-section (5), and claims a sum in excess of that amount may prefer an appeal to the Tribunal within thirty days from the date specified in the notice referred to in that sub-section.

(7) On appeal, the Tribunal shall, after hearing the appellant, determine the net average monthly income and its determination shall be final and shall not be questioned in any court of law.

(8) Where there is any building on the land in respect of which the net average monthly income has been determined, no separate compensation shall be paid in respect of such building


Provided that, where the owner of the land and the owner of the building on such land are different, the Competent Authority shall apportion the amount of compensation between the owner of the land and the owner of the building in the same proportion as the market price of the land bears to the market price of the building on the date of the acquisition.

1. These sub-sections were substituted for sub (3) by Mah. 28 of 1984, s. 4(c).
2. These words were substituted for' the words "the State Government" by Mah. 28 of 1984, s. 5.
SECTION 18: APPORTIONMENT OF COMPENSATION
.

(1) Where several persons claim to be interested in the amount of compensation determined under section 17, the Competent Authority shall determine the person who in its opinion re entitled to receive compensation, and the amount payable to each of them.

(2) If any dispute arises as to the apportionment of compensation or any part thereof, or as to the person to whom the same or any part thereof is payable, the Competent Authority may refer the dispute to the decision of the Tribunal; and the Tribunal in deciding any such dispute shall follow, the provisions of Part III of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894; 1[and

the decision of the Tribunal on the dispute shall be final and shall not be called in question in any Court or before any authority.]
SECTION 19: PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION OR DEPOSIT OF THE SAME IN COURT
. "

(1) After the amount of compensation has been determined, the Competent Authority shall, on behalf of the State Government, tender payment of, and pay the compensation to the persons entitled thereto.

(2) If the persons entitled to compensation do not consent to receive it,, or if there be any dispute as to the title to receive compensation or as to the apportionment of it, the Competent Authority shall deposit the amount of the compensation in Greater Bombay, in the Bombay City Civil Court and elsewhere in the Court of the District Judge, and that Court shall deal with the amount so deposited in the manner laid down in sections 32 and 33 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894.

SECTION 20: POWER OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY IN RELATION TO DETERMINATION OF COMPENSATION ETC
. "

(l)The Competent Authority may, for the purposes of determining the amount of compensation or apportionment thereof, require by order any person to furnish such relevant information in his possession as may be specified in the order.

(2) The Competent Authority shall, while holding an inquiry under section 17, have all the powers of a Civil Court while trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, in respect of the following matters, namely

(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;

(b) requiring the discovery and production of any document;

(c) reception of evidence on affidavit;

(d) requisitioning any public record from any court or office;

(e) issuing commissions for examination of witnesses.

1. This portion was added by Mah. 46 of 1975, s. 4.
SECTION 21: PAYMENT OF INTEREST
. "

When the amount of compensation is not paid or deposited on or before taking possession Of the land the Competent Authority on behalf of the State Government shall pay the amount of compensation determined with interest thereon from the time of so taking possession until the amount shall have been so paid or deposited at such rate (not being less than 4 per cent, per annum) as the State Government may by order fix.

CHAPTER VI- PROTECTION OF OCCUPIERS IN SLUM AREAS FROM EVICTION AND DISTRESS WARRANTS]

SECTION 22: PROCEEDINGS FOR EVICTION OF OCCUPIERS 2[OR FOR ISSUE OF DISTRESS WARRANT] NOT TO BE TAKEN WITHOUT PERMISSION OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY
.

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no person shall, except with the previous permission in writing of the Competent Authority,

(a), institute, after commencement of the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971, any suit or proceeding for obtaining any decree or order for, the eviction of an occupier from any building or land 3[in a slum area or for recovery of any arrears of rent or compensation from any such occupier, or for both; or]

1 The heading of Chapter VI was substituted for the heading ˜protection of
Tenants in slum areas from eviction" by Mah. 13 of 1978, s. 5
2. These ˜words were inserted by Mah, 13 of 1978, s. 6(5)
3. These words were substituted for the words "in a slum area; or" by Mah. 2 of
1987, s. 2(a)(i).

(b) when any decree or order is obtained in any suit or proceeding instituted before such commencement for the eviction of a from any building or land in such area 1[or for recovery of any arrears of rent or compensation from such occupier, or for both] execute such decree 2[or order; or]

3[(c) apply to any Judge or the Registrar of the Small Cause Court under Chapter VIII of the Presidency Small Cause Courts Act, .1882, in its application to the State of Maharashtra, or to any Court of Small Causes under Chapter IV-A of the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887, in its application to the State of Maharashtra, for a distress warrant for arrears of rent against any occupier of a house or premises in a slum area

4[(1A) Notwithstanding anything in sub-section (1) as in force before the commencement of the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) (Amendment) Act, 1986 (hereinafter in this section referred to as "the Amendment Act") or in any other law for the time being in force, no person shall, except with the previous permission in writing of the Competent Authority,--

(a) execute any decree or order obtained in any suit or proceeding instituted during the period commencing from the 30th day of September 1985 (being the date of the expiry of the Maharashtra Vacant Lends (Further Interim Protection to Occupiers from Eviction and R of Arrears of Rent) Act, 1980 and the date Of commencement of the Amendment Act, for eviction of an occupier from any building or land in a slum area (which areas was earlier purported to be covered by the definition of "vacant land" in clause (f) of section (2) of the Maharashtra Vacant Lands (Prohibition of Unauthorised Occupation and Summary Eviction) Act, 1975 or for recovery of any arrears of rent or compensation. from such occupier, or for both; or

(b) apply to any Judge or the Registrar of the Small Cause Court under Chapter VIII of the Presidency Small Cause Courts Act, 1882, in its application to the State of Maharashtra, or to any Court of Small Causes under Chapter IV-A of the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887, in its application to the State of Maharashtra, for a distress warrant for arrears of rent against any such occupier of a house or premises in any such slum area.]

1. These words were inserted by Mah. 2 of 1987, s. 2(a)(ii).
2. These words were subs ituted for th "or order" by Mah. 13 of 1978, s.6(l)(a).
3. Clause (c) was added ibia, s. 6(1)(b).
4. Sub-section (IA) was inserted by Mah. 2 of 1987, s. 2(b).

(2) Every person desiring to obtain the permission referred to in sub-section (1) 1[(1-A) shall make an application in writing to the Competent Authority in such form and containing such particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) On receipt of such application, the Competent Authority, after giving an opportunity to the parties of being heard and after making such summary inquiry into the circumstances of the case as it thinks fit, shall, by order in writing, either grant or refuse to grant such permission.

(4) In granting or refusing to grant the permission 2[under clause (a) or (b) of sub-section (1)] 3[or clause (a) of sub.-section (1-A)] the Competent Authority shall take into account the following factors, namely :-

(a) whether alternative accommodation within the means of, the occupier would be available to him, if he were evicted

(b) whether the eviction is in the interest of improvement and clearance of the slum area;

4[(b-1) whether, having r to the relevant circumstances of each case, the total amount of arrears of rent or compensation and the period for which it is due and the capacity of the occupier to pay the same, the occupier is ready and willing to pay the whole of the amount of arrears of rent or compensation by reasonable instalments within a stipulated time;]

(c) any other factors, if any, as may be prescribed.

5[(4A)(a) In granting or refusing to grant the permission under clause (c) of sub-section (1) 6 clause (b)of sub-section (1A) the Competent Authority shall take into account the following factors, namely

1. The' word, brackets, figure and letter were inserted by M h. 2 of 1987, s. 2(c).
2. This portion was substituted for the words, brackets and figure "under sub-, section (3)," by Mah. 13 of 1978, s. 6(2).
3. This portion was inserted by Mah. 2 T' 1987, s. 2(Clause (b-i) was ins ibid., s. 2(d)(ii).
4. Sub-section (4A) was inserted by Mah 13 of 1978, s. 6(3).
5. This portion was inserted by Mah. 2 of 1987, s. 2(e)(i).

(i) what is the amount of rent and for what period it is due:

(ii) whether a notice of demand referred to in the proviso to sub-section (l) of section 53 of the Presidency Small Cause Courts Act, 1882 or in the to sub-section (l) of section 27B of the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887 as the case may be, has been duly given to the occupier liable to pay the arrears of rent

(iii) whether the occupier is willing to pay arrears within .a stipulated time;

(iv) any other factors, if any, as may be prescribed.

(b) If, within a period of 1[six months] from the date of receipt of any application for permission under clause (c) of sub-section (1), 2[or clause (b) of sub-section (1A)] the Competent Authority does not refuse to grant the permission, it shall be deemed to have been granted at the expiration of such period.]

(5) Where the Competent Authority refuses to grant the permission 3[under any of the clauses of sub-section (1) 4[or (1A)]] it shall record a brief statement of the reasons for such refusal, .and furnish a copy thereof to the applicant.

1. These words were substituted for the words "ninety days', ibid., s.2(e)(ii)(A).
2. This was inserted, ibid., s. 2(e)(ii)(B).
3. These words, brackets and figure were inserted by Mah. 13 of 1978, s.6(4).
4. The word, brackets, figure and letter was inserted by Mah. 2 of 1987, s.2(f)
SECTION 23: APPEA1
"

Any person aggrieved by an order of the Competent Authority refusing to grant the permission referred to in sub- section (1)1[or sub-section (1A) of section 22] may, within thirty days of the date of the order, prefer an appeal to the Tribunal, and the decision of the Tribunal shall be final.

SECTION 23-A: 2[RECOVERY OF RENT, ETC., BY CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION PROHIBITED.
"

(1) No person shall --

(a) collect or attempt to collect from any occupier, referred to in section 22, any rent, compensation or other charges by threatening or causing any injury to his person, reputation or property or to the person or reputation of anyone in whom the occupier is interested;

(b) evict or attempt to evict any such occupier by force without resorting to the lawful procedure; or

(c) abet in any manner the doing of any of the abovementioned things.

(2) Whoever contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine or with both.]

SECTION 24: RESTORATION OF POSSESSION OF PREMISES VACATED BY TENANT
. "

(1) Where a tenant in occupation of any building in a slum area vacates any building, or is evicted there from, on the ground that it is required for the purpose of re-erection of the building, the tenant may, within such time as may be prescribed, file a declaration with the Competent Authority that he desires to be replaced in occupation of the building after the re-erection of the building.

(2) On receipt of such declaration, the Competent Authority shall by order require the owner of the building to furnish to it, within such time as may be prescribed, the plans of the re-erection of the building and an estimate of the cost thereof, and such other particulars as may be necessary; and shall, on the basis of such plans and estimate and particulars, if any, furnished, and having regard to the provisions of sub-section (3) of section 25, and after holding such as it may think fit, provisionally determine the rent that would be payable by the tenant if he were to be replaced in occupation of the building in pursuance of the declaration made by him under sub-section (1).

1.These words, brackets, figures and letter were substituted for the words "of the last preceding section" by Mah. 2 of 1987, s.3.
2. Section 2 -A was inserted, ibid., s. 4.

(3) The rent provisionally determined under sub-section (2) shall be communicated in the prescribed manner to the tenant and the owner.

(4) If the tenant after the receipt of such communication intimates in writing to the Competent Authority within such time as may be prescribed that, when he is replaced in Occupation of the building pursuance of declaration made by him under sub section (1), he would pay o the owner, until the rent is finally determined under section 25, the rent provisionally determined under sub-section (2), the Competent Authority shall direct the owner to place the tenant in occupation of the building after the re-erection of the building [and intimation of such re-erection shall be given in the manner provided in sub-section (5)], and the owner shall be bound to comply with such direction.

(5) As soon as the work of carrying out re-erection of the building is nearing completion or is completed, the Competent Authority shall give notice to the tenants concerned by affixing it in some conspicuous part of the building and by sending it by post to the ad which may have been registered with the Competent Authority by any tenant and in such other manner as may be determined by the Competent Authority, that the building is likely to be or is ready for occupation from a. specified date, and that they should occupy the building so re-erected within a period of one month from such date. If a tenant fails to occupy the building within a period of one month from the specified date, his tenancy or other right in respect of the said building shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any contract or in any law, for he time being in force, be deemed to be terminated and the owner shall be entitled to possession thereof. If such tenant has accepted the temporary accommodation provided by the Competent Authority, he shall have to vacate the same also forthwith; and if he does not vacate, he shall be liable to be evicted there from in the manner provided in section 33.

SECTION 25: RENT OF BUILDINGS IN SLUM AREAS
. "

(1) Where any building in a slum area is let to a tenant after it has been re-erected, the rent of the building shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) Where any such building is let to a tenant (other than a tenant who is placed in possession of the building in pursuance of a direction made under sub-section (4) of section 24), the tenant shall be liable to pay to the owner,

(a) if there is a general law relating to the control of rents in force in the area in which the building is situated and applicable to that building, the rent determined in accordance with the provisions of that law;

(b) if there is no such law in force in such area, such tent as may be agreed upon between the owner and the

(3) Where any such building is let to a tenant in pursuance of a direction made under sub-section (4) of section 24, the tenant shall be liable to pay to the owner an annual rent of a sum equivalent to four per cent of the aggregate cost of re-erection of the building and the cost of the land on which the building is re- erected, unless the landlord has the standard rent fixed under any law relating to the control of rents, at a higher rate. Where the standard rent per annum is at more than the annual rent aforesaid, the State Government shall pay to the owner such amount of the difference by way of subsidised rent as may be prescribed by rules made in this behalf.


Explanation: For the purposes of this sub-section, the cost of the land shall be deemed to be a sum equivalent to the compensation payable in respect of the land if it were acquired under section 14, on the date of commencement of the re-erection of the building.

(4) The rent payable by a tenant in respect of any building under sub-section (3) shall, on an application made by the tenant or the owner, be determined by the authority referred to in sub section (5)


Provided that, an application for determination of such rent by the owner or the tenant shall not, except for sufficient cause, be entertained by such authority after the expiry of ninety days from the re-erection of the building.

(5) The authority to which the application referred to in sub section (4) shall be made, shall be, --

(a) where there is a general law relating to the control of rents in force in the area in which the building is situated, the authority to which applications maybe made for fixing of rents of buildings situate in that area; and for the purpose of determining the rent under this section that authority may exercise all or any of the powers it has under such general law; and the provisions of such law including provision relating to appeals shall apply accordingly;

(b) if there is no such law in force in that area., such authority as may be specified by rules made in this behalf by the Government, and such rules may provide the procedure that will be followed by that authority in determining the rent 1[for appeals against the decision of such authority, and also for the levy of court-fees in such applications and appeals.]

(6) Where the rent is finally determined under this section, then, the amount of rent provisionally determined as aforesaid and paid by the tenant shall be adjusted against the rent so finally determined; and if the amount so paid falls short of or is in excess of, the rent finally determined., the tenant shall pay the deficiency, or be entitled to a refund, as the case may be.

SECTION 26: CHAPTER NOT TO APPLY TO EVICTION OF TENANTS FROM CERTAIN BUILDINGS
. "

Nothing in this Chapter shall apply to, or in relation to, the eviction under any law of a tenant from any building in a slum area belonging to Government, the Nagpur Improvement Trust constituted under Nagpur Improvement Trust Act, 1936, or any local authority.

CHAPTER VII- MISCELLANEOUS

SECTION 27: POWERS OF ENTRY
. "

It shall be lawful for any person authorised by the Competent Authority in this behalf to enter into or upon any building or land for the purposes of this Act with or without assistants or workmen, in order to make any inquiry, inspection, measurement, valuation or survey, or to execute any work which is authorised by or under this Act or which it is necessary to execute for any of the purposes or in pursuance of any of the provisions of this Act or of any notice, rule or' order made there under.

SECTION 28: POWERS OF INSPECTION
. "

(1) The Competent Authority may, by general or special order, authorise any person, --

(a) to inspect any drain, latrine, urinal, cesspool, pipe sewer or channel in or on any building or land, to which the provisions of this Act apply, and in his discretion, to cause the ground to be opened for the purpose of preventing or removing any nuisance arising from the drain, latrine, urinal, cesspool, pipe sewer or channel, as the case may be;

(b) to examine works under construction in a slum area, to take levels or to remove, test, examine, replace or read any meter.

-

(2) If, on such inspection, the opening of the ground is found to be necessary for the prevention or removal of a nuisance, the expenses thereby incurred shall be paid by the owner or occupier of the land or building, but if it is found that no nuisance exists, or but for such opening would have arisen, the ground or portion of any building, drain, or other work opened, damaged or removed for the purpose of such inspection shall be filled in, reinstated or made good, as the case may be, by the Competent Authority at its own cost.

SECTION 29: POWER TO ENTER LAND ADJOINING LAND WHERE WORK IS IN PROGRESS
. "

(1) Any person authorised by the Competent Authority in this behalf may, with or without assistants or workmen, enter on any land within fifty yards of any work authorised by or under this Act for the purpose of depositing thereon any soil, gravel, stone or other materials, or for obtaining access to such work or for any other purposes connected with the carrying of the same.

(2) The person so authorised shall, before entering on any land under sub-section (1), state the purpose thereof, and shall, if so required by the occupier or owner, fence off s of the land as may be required for such purpose.

(3) The person so authorised shall, in exercising any power conferred by this section, do as little damage, as may and compensation shall be payable by the Competent Authority to the owner or occupier of such land or to both for any such damage, whether permanent or temporary.

SECTION 30: BREAKING INTO BUILDING
.

It shall be lawful for any person authorised in writing by the Competent Authority in this behalf to make any entry into any place, to open or cause to be opened any door, gate or other barrier --

(a) if he considers the opening thereof necessary for the purpose of such entry; and

(b) if the owner or occupier is absent, or being present, refuses to open such door, gate or barrier.

SECTION 31: ENTRY TO BE MADE IN DAY TIME
. "

No entry authorised by or under this Act shall be made except at reasonable hours between the hours of sun-rise and sun-set.

SECTION 32: OCCUPIER'S OR OWNER'S CONSENT ORDINARILY TO BE OBTAINED
. "

Same as provided in this Act, no building or shall be entered without the consent of the occupier, or if there be no occupier, of the owner thereof, and no such entry shall be made without giving the said occupier or owner, as the case may be, not less than twenty-four hours' written notice Of the intention to make such entry


Provided that, no such notice shall be necessary if the place to be inspected is a shed for cattle or a latrine, urinal or work under construction.

SECTION 33: POWER OF EVICTION TO BE EXERCISED ONLY BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY
. "

Where the Competent Authority is satisfied either upon a representation from the owner of a building or upon other information in its possession that the occupants of the building have not vacated it in pursuance of any order or direction issued or given by the Authority, the Authority shall, by order, direct the eviction of the occupants from the building in such manner and within such time as may be specified in the order, and or the purpose of such eviction, may use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary


Provided that, before making any order under this section the Competent Authority shall give a reasonable opportunity to the occupants of the building to show cause why they should not be evicted there from.

SECTION 34: POWER TO REMOVE OFFENSIVE OR DANGEROUS TRADE FROM SLUM AREAS
. "

The Competent Au may, by order in writing, direct any person carrying on any dangerous or offensive trade in a slum area to remove the trade from that area within such time as may be specified in the order


Provided that, no order under this section shall be made unless the person carrying on the trade has been afforded a reasonable opportunity of showing cause as to why the o should not be made.

SECTION 35: APPEALS
. "

(1) Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, any person aggrieved by any notice, order or direction issued or given by the Competent Authority may appeal to he Administrator within a period of thirty days from the date of issue of such notice, order or direction.

(2) Every appeal under this Act shall be made by petition in writing accompanied by a copy of the notice, order or direction appealed against.

(3) On the admission of an appeal, all proceedings to enforce the notice, order or direction and all prosecutions for any contravention thereof shall be held in abeyance pending the decision of the appeal; and if the notice, order or direction is set aside on appeal, disobedience thereto shall not b an offence.

(4) No appeal shall be decided under this section unless the appellant had been heard or has had a reasonable opportunity of being heard in. person or through a legal practitioner.

(5)The decision of the Administrator on appeal shall be final and shall not be questioned in any court.

SECTION 36: SERVICE OF NOTICE, ETC
. "

(1) Every notice, order or direction issued under this Act shall, save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, be served, --

(a) by giving or tendering the notice, order or direction 1[or by sending it by registered to the person for whom it is intended; or

(b) if such person cannot be found, by affixing the notice, order or direction on some conspicuous part of his last known place of abode or business, or by giving or tendering the notice, order or direction to some adult member or adult servant of his family or by causing it to be affixed on some conspicuous part of the building or land, if any, to which it relates.

(2) Where the person on whom a notice, order or direction is to be served is a minor, service upon his guardian or upon any adult member or adult servant of his family shall be deemed to be the service upon the minor.

(3) Every notice, order or direction, which by or under this Act is to be served as a public notice, order or direction or as a notice, order or direction which is not required to be served on any individual therein specified shall, save as otherwise expressly provided, be deemed to be sufficiently served if a copy thereof is affixed in such conspicuous part of the office of the Competent Authority, or in such other public place during such period, or is published in such local newspaper or in such other manner, as the Competent Authority may direct.

1. This word was substituted for the word "and" by Mah. 30 of 1986, s. 4.
SECTION 37: PENALTY
. "

(1) Whoever fulfils to comply with .any notice, order or direction issued or given under this Act shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with

(2) Whoever commences or causes to be commenced any work in contravention of any restriction or condition imposed under sub-section (10) of section 12, or any plan for the redevelopment of a clearance area shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.

(3) Whoever obstructs the entry of any person authorised by or under this Act to enter into or upon any building or land or molests such person after such entry or incites or instigates or abets such obstruction or molestation shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three months and with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.

(4) If the person committing an offence under this Act, is a company, every person who at the time the offence is committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the, company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished, accordingly


Provided that, nothing contained in this sub shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due d to prevent the commission of such offence.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director or manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished, accordingly.


Explanation: - For the purposes of this section

(a) "company" means a body corporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and

(b) "director" in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.

SECTION 38: ORDER OF DEMOLITION OF BUILDINGS IN CERTAIN CASES
. -

(1) Where the erection of any building has been commenced, or is being carried out, or has b completed, in contravention of the provisions of section 8 or of any restriction or condition imposed under sub-section (10) of section 12, or a plan for the redevelopment of any clearance area or in contravention of any notice, order or direction issued or given under this Act, the Competent Authority may, in addition to any other remedy that

may be restored to under this Act or under any other law, make an order directing that such erection shall be demolished by the owner thereof within such time not exceeding two months as may be specified in the order, and on the failure of the owner to comply with the order, the building so erected shall be liable to forfeiture or to summary demolition by an order of the Competent Authority and the expenses of such demolition shall be recoverable from, the owner as arrears of land revenue


Provided that, no such order shall be made unless the owner has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard

(2) Forfeiture under this section shall be adjudged by the Competent Authority, and any property so forfeited shall be disposed of as the Competent Authority may direct; and the cost of removal, of the property under this section shall be recoverable as an arrears of land revenue.

(3) For the purpose of causing any, building to be demolished under sub-section (1) the Competent Authority may use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary.

SECTION 39: JURISDICTION OF COURTS
. "

No court inferior to that of a Magistrate of the First Class, or a Presidency Magistrate shall try an offence punishable under this Act.

SECTION 40: PREVIOUS SANCTION OF COMPETENT AUTHORITY FOR PROSECUTION
.

No prosecution for any offence punishable under this Act shall be instituted except with the previous sanction of the Competent Authority.

SECTION 41: PROTECTION OF ACTION TAKEN IN GOOD FAITH
. - No suit, prosecution, or other legal proceedings shall lie against the Competent Authority or against any person acting under its authority for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act or the rules made there under.
SECTION 42: BAR OF JURISDICTION
. "

Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, no civil court shall have jurisdiction in respect of any matter which the Administrator, Competent Authority or Tribunal is empowered by or under this Act, to determine; and no injunction shall be granted by any court or other authority in respect of any action taken or to be taken in pursuance of any power conferred by or under this Act.

SECTION 43: COMPETENT AUTHORITY, ETC., TO BE PUBLIC SERVANTS
.

The Competent Authority and any person authorised by it under this Act shall be deemed be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code.

SECTION 44: TRIBUNAL TO DETERMINE CLAIMS OF COMPETENT AUTHORITIES BEFORE THEY ARE RECOVERED AS ARREARS OF LAND REVENUE
. "

Where under any of the provisions of this Act, any expenses incurred by a Competent Authority (which is a body corporate) under the provisions of this Act are to be recovered as arrears of land revenue, and the claim of the Competent Authority in respect of such expenses is disputed, the question shall be referred to the Tribunal which shall, after making such inquiry as it may deem fit, and after giving to the person by whom the sum is alleged to be payable and opportunity of being heard, decide the question; and the decision of the Tribunal shall be final, and shall not be called in question in any court or before other authority. Where the Tribunal decides the claim in favour of the Competent Authority, then the expenses which are directed to be paid may be paid in equal monthly instalments not exceeding twenty.

SECTION 44A: 1[VACANCY AND TEMPORARY ABSENCE OF PRESIDENT AND OTHER MEMBERS OF TRIBUNAL.
"

(1) If any vacancy occurs by reason of death, resignation or expiry of the appointment, or termination of the appointment, of the President or other members or for any reason whatsoever such vacancy shall be filled by appointment of a duly qualified person.

(2) The Tribunal shall not be deemed to be invalidly constituted merely by reason of any vacancy referred to in sub-section (1) and no decision of the Tribunal shall be called in question in any Court or before any authority only on the ground that a member of the Tribunal (not being the President) was not present, during the hearing of any proceedings before the Tribunal.]

SECTION 45: PROVISIONS RELATING TO TRIBUNAL
. "

(1) In exercising the jurisdiction conferred upon it by or under this Act the Tribunal shall have the powers of a civil court for the purpose of taking evidence on oath, affirmation or affidavit, or summoning

and enforcing the attendance of witnesses, of compelling discovery and the production of documents and material objects, requisitioning any public record or any copy thereof from any court or office, issuing commissions for the examination of witness or documents, and for such other purpose as may be prescribed 2[including the power to grant stay and any other powers of a Civil Court] which may be vested in the Tribunal; and the Tribunal shall be deemed to be a civil court for all the purposes of sections 195, 480 and 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
3
and its proceedings shall be judicial proceedings within the meaning of sections 193, 219 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code.

4[(1A) The provisions of sections 4, 5, 12 and 14 of the Limitation Act, 1963, shall apply to the filing of every appeal or application made to the Tribunal, under this Act.

1. Section 44A was inserted by Mah, 46 of 1975, s. 5.
2., These words were substituted for the words "including any other powers of a Civil Court", ibid., s. 6(1).
3. See now the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (II of 1974).
4. Sub-section (lA) was deemed always to have been inserted by Mah. 46 of 1975, s. 6(2).

(2) In the case of any affidavit to be filed 1[any officer authorised by the Tribunal or by the President] in this behalf may administer the oath to the deponent;

2[(3) The State Government shall from time to time place at the disposal of the Tribunal, such officers and other staff to assist the Tribunal as the State Government may from time to time determine. The remuneration and other conditions of service of the officers and other staff shall be such as may from time to time be determined by the State Government.

(3A) The term of office and other conditions of service of the President and the members of the Tribunal shall be such as may be regulated by rules made under section 46.]

(4) Subject to the provisions of this Act and to the previous approval of the State Government, the President may make regulations for regulating the practice and procedure of the Tribunal, including the award of costs by the Tribunal, the levy of any process fee, 3[filing fee or copying or translation fees] (including provisions for recovery thereof in the form of court fee stamps) the right of appearance before the Tribunal, the place or places of its sittings, the disposal by the Tribunal of any proceedings before it notwithstanding that in the course thereof there has been a change in the persons sitting as members of the Tribunal and generally for the effective exercise of its powers and discharge of its functions under this Act.

(5) The regulations made under this section shall be published in the Official Gazette.

(6) All orders passed by the Tribunal shall be executed in the same manner in which similar orders, if passed by the State Government, could have been executed.

(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Bombay Court- fees Act, 1959 every appeal or application made to the Tribunal shall bear a court-fee stamp of one rupee if the value of the property is ten thousand rupees or less and of two rupees, if such value exceeds ten thousand rupees.

1. These words were substituted for the words "any officer appointed by the Tribunal". ibid., s. 6(3).
2. Sub-sections (3) and (3A) were substituted for sub-section (3), ibid., s. 6(4).
3. These words were inserted, ibid s. 6(5).

Section 46: Power to make rules. - (1) The State Government may subject to the condition of previous publication, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) Every rule made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be, after it is made, before each House of the State Legislature while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the, session in which it is so laid or the session immediately following, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, and notify such decision in the Official Gazette, the ˜rule shall, from the date of publication of such notification, have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect as the case may be, so however, that, any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done or omitted to be done under that rule.

SECTION 47: 1[CESSER OF CORRESPONDING LAWS AND POWERS CONFERRED THERE UNDER TEMPORARILY
. "

(1) Where any area is declared to be slum area under this Act, then as from the date of such declaration, the provisions of any municipal or other law corresponding to the provisions of this Act for slum improvement in relation to the slum area in force immediately before the said date shall, save as otherwise provided in this Act, cease to be in force in the slum area, but so long only as the said declaration remains in force.

(2) Where any area is declared to be a slum area, and any building or buildings are ordered to be demolished, under this Act, then as from the date of such order, the provisions of any municipal or other law corresponding to the provisions of this Act for slum clearance and redevelopment and demolition of buildings in force immediately before the said date shall not, save otherwise provided in this Act, apply in relation to such building or buildings, but so long as the building or buildings, as the case may be, are redeveloped.

(3) Even though, any area is declared to be a slum area, as long as the order for demolition of any building or buildings is not made under this Act, nothing contained in this section shall affect the provisions of any municipal or other law for the time being in force for slum clearance and redevelopment and demolition of buildings in the slum area

Provided that, after any area is declared to be a slum area till the date of the order is made for demolition of any building or buildings under this Act, the powers of demolition of buildings conferred on the Municipal Commissioner or Chief Officer or any other officers or authorities under any such law shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any such law, be exercised by them, subject to the control of the State Government this purpose, the State Government may, from time to time, issue any general or special directions to any suck officers or authorities, which shall be complied by them.]

1. Section 47 was substituted for the original section, by Mah. 23 of l98 s 2
.

THE MAHARASHTRA SLUM AREAS (IMPROVEMENT, CLEARANCE AND REDEVELOPMENT) (OTHER MANNER OF PUBLICATION OF DECLARATION) RULES, 1971
G. N., U. D., P.H. & H.D., NO. SCR 1071/46501-F-Ill, Dated 8th October 1971 (M.G., PT. IV-B, p. 1692)
Amended by Corrig., U.D., P.11. & H.D., No. SCR 1073/57133-F-Ill dated 11th Sept. 1973 (M.G., Pt. IV

Amended S.C.S. 1079/12412/55 Desk 7 dt. 23rd July 1981 M.G.G. IV-B, p. 1049.

In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 46 read with sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971 (Mali. XXVIII of 1971), and of all other powers enabling in this behalf, the Government of Maharashtra hereby makes the following rules, the same having been previously published as required by sub-section (1) of the said section 46, namely

01. Short title. These rules may be called the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) (Other Manner of Declaration) Rules, 1971

02. Definitions.- (1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,

(i) ˜Act' means the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971;

(ii) ˜section' means a section of the Act.

(2) Words and expressions used in these rules and not defined them shall have the meaning respectively assigned to them in the Act.

03. Other Manner of Publication of Declaration under section 4(1). - (a) The declaration referred to in sub-section (1) of section 4 shall also be published in 1[one local newspaper] as the Competent Authority may, for ensuring due publicity to the declaration in the area in respect of which the declaration is made, decide; 2[ * *]

(b) A copy of such declaration shall be pasted on the Notice Board in the office of the Competent Authority and shall also be displayed in a conspicuous place in such area. A substance of the declaration shall also be proclaimed by beat of drum in the area.

(c) The Competent Authority shall as far as practicable serve a notice on every owner or occupier or both of the property in such area stating the effect of the declaration and specifying the time within which any aggrieved person may appeal to the Tribunal under sub-section (3) of section 4 of the Act.

1. Subs. by G.N. dt. 23/7/1 981.
2. Deleted ibid
.

THE MAHARASHTRA SLUM AREAS (IMPROVEMENT, CLEARANCE AND REDEVELOPMENT) (OTHER MANNER OF PUBLICATION OF NOTIFICATION REGARDING RESTRICTION ON BUILDING IN SLUM AREAS ETC.) RULES, 1971

G. N., U. D., P.H. & H.D., NO. SCR 1071/46837-F-III,

Dated 12th October 1971 (M.G., PT. IV-B, p. 1729)

Amended by G. Corrig., U.D., P.H. & H.D., No. SCR 1073/57134-F-III, dated 11th Sept. 1973 (M.G., Pt. IV-B, p.1597).

Amended by G. N., U.D., P.H. & H.D., No. 5CR 1072/88326/F-III, dated 14th June, 1973 (M.G., Pt. IV-B, p. 1093).

Amended by G.N., U.D., P.H. & H.D., No. SCR 1073/80146/F-III, dated 20th June 1974 (M.G., Pt. IV-B, p. 794).

In exercise of the powers conferred by sub (1) of section 46 read with sub-sections (1), (2) and (3) of section 8 of the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971 (Mah. XXVIII of 1971), and of all other powers enabling it in this behalf, the Government of Maharashtra here by makes the following rules, the same having been previously published as required by sub-section (1) of the said .section 46, namely

01. Short title. - These rules may be called the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clear and Redevelopment) (other manner of publication of notification regarding restriction on building in Slum Areas, etc.) Rules, 1971.

02. Definitions. - (1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,

(i) "Act" means the Maharashtra Slum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act, 1971;

(ii) "section" means a section of the Act;

(iii) "slum area" means the slum area declared as such under sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Act.

(2) Words and expressions used in these rules and not defined therein shall have the meaning respectively assigned to them in Act.

03. Other Manner of Publication of Notification under section 8(1) and (2). - (1) The notification under sub-section (1) or (2) of section 8 shall also be published in not more than three local newspapers, as the Competent Authority may decide; provided that one such newspaper shall be in Marathi.

(2) A copy of such notification shall be pasted on the Notice Board in the office of the Competent Authority and shall be displayed in a conspicuous place in the area in respect of which the notification is made. A substance of the notification shall also be proclaimed by beat of drum in the area.

04. Form of Application under section 8(3). - The application to the Competent Authority under sub-section (3) of section 8, for permission to erect a building in the slum area shall be made in the following form:-

Maharashtra State Acts


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