1 [31C. Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles
Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law giving effect to the policy of the State towards securing 2 [all or any of the principles laid down in Part IV] shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by 3 [article 14 or article 19] 4 [and no law containing a declaration that it is for giving effect to such policy shall be called in question in any court on the ground that it does not give effect to such policy]:
Provided that where such law is made by the Legislature of a State, the provisions of this article shall not apply thereto unless such law, having been reserved for the consideration of the President, has received his assent.]
1. Inserted by the Constitution (Twenty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1971, section 3 (w.e.f. 20-4-1972).
2. Substituted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976 section. 4, for "the principles specified in clause (b) or clause (c) of article 39" (w.e.f. 3-1-1977). Section 4 has been declared invalid by the Supreme Court in Minerva Mills Ltd. V. Union of India , (1980) 2 SCC 591.
3. Substituted by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, section 8, for "article 14, article 19 or article 31" w.e.f. 20-6-1979.
4. In Keshavananda Bharati v. The State of Kerala, (1973) Supp SCR 1, the Supreme Court held the provision in italics to be invalid.