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Factories Act, 1948 Complete Act - Bare Act

StateCentral Government
Act Info:
Preamble1 - THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948
Chapter 1
Section1 - Short title, extent and commencement
Section2 - Interpretation
Section3 - Reference to time of day
Section4 - Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to he a single factory
Section5 - Power to exempt during public emergency
Section6 - Approval, licensing and registration of factories
Section7 - Notice by occupier
Section7A - General duties of the occupier
Section7B - General duties of manufacturers, etc., as regards articles and substances for use in factories
Chapter II
Section8 - Inspectors
Section9 - Powers of Inspectors
Section10 - Certifying surgeons
Chapter III
Section11 - Cleanliness
Section12 - Disposal of wastes and effluents
Section13 - Ventilation and temperature
Section14 - Dust and fume
Section15 - Artificial humidification
Section16 - Overcrowding
Section17 - Lighting
Section18 - Drinking water
Section19 - Latrines and urinals
Section20 - Spittoons
Chapter IV
Section21 - Fencing of machinery
Section22 - Work on or near machinery in motion
Section23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous machines
Section24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power
Section25 - Self-acting machines
Section26 - Casing of new machinery
Section27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers
Section28 - Hoists and lifts
Section29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
Section30 - Revolving machinery
Section31 - Pressure plant
Section32 - Floors, stairs and means of access
Section33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc
Section34 - Excessive weights
Section35 - Protection of eyes
Section36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc
Section36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light
Section37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc
Section38 - Precautions in case of fire
Section39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability
Section40 - Safety of buildings and machinery
Section40A - Maintenance of buildings
Section40B - Safety Officers
Section41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
Section41A - Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees
Section41B - Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier
Section41C - Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous processes
Section41D - Power of Central Government to appoint Inquiry Committee
Section41E - Emergency standards
Section41F - Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances
Section41G - Workers' participation in safety management
Section41H - Right of workers to warn about imminent danger
Chapter V
Section42 - Washing facilities
Section43 - Facilities for storing and drying clothing
Section44 - Facilities for sitting
Section45 - First-aid appliances
Section46 - Canteens
Section47 - Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms
Section48 - Creches
Section49 - Welfare officers
Section50 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
Chapter VI
Section51 - Weekly hours
Section52 - Weekly holidays
Section53 - Compensatory holidays
Section54 - Daily hours
Section55 - Intervals for rest
Section56 - Spread over
Section57 - Night shifts
Section58 - Prohibition of overlapping shifts
Section59 - Extra wages for overtime
Section60 - Restriction on double employment
Section61 - Notice of periods of work for adults
Section62 - Register of adult workers
Section63 - Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 61 and register under section 62
Section64 - Power to make exempting rules
Section65 - Power to make exempting orders
Section66 - Further restrictions on employment of women
Chapter VII
Section67 - Prohibition of employment of young children
Section68 - Non-adult workers to carry tokens
Section69 - Certificates of fitness
Section70 - Effect of certificate of fitness granted to adolescent
Section71 - Working hours for children
Section72 - Notice of periods of work for children
Section73 - Register of child workers
Section74 - Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 72 and register under section 73
Section75 - Power to require medical examination
Section76 - Power to make rules
Section77 - Certain other provisions of law not barred
Section78 - Application of Chapter
Section79 - Annual leave with wages
Section80 - Wages during leave period
Section81 - Payment in advance in certain cases
Section82 - Mode of recovery of unpaid wages
Section83 - Power to make rules
Section84 - Power to exempt factories
Chapter IX
Section85 - Power to apply the act to certain premises
Section86 - Power to exempt public institutions
Section87 - Dangerous operations
Section87A - Power to prohibit employment on account of serious hazard
Section88 - Notice of certain accidents
Section88A - Notice of certain dangerous occurrences
Section89 - Notice of certain diseases
Section90 - Power to direct enquiry into cases of accident or disease
Section91 - Power to take samples
Section91A - Safety and occupational health surveys
Chapter X
Section92 - General penalty for offences
Section93 - Liability of owner of premises in certain circumstances
Section94 - Enhanced penalty after previous conviction
Section95 - Penalty for obstructing Inspector
Section96 - Penalty for wrongfully disclosing results of analysis under section 91
Section96A - Penalty for contravention of the provisions of sections 41B, 41C and 41H
Section97 - Offences by workers
Section98 - Penalty for using false certificate of fitness
Section99 - Penalty for permitting double employment of child
Section100 - Detention of occupier in certain cases [Repeald]
Section101 - Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases
Section102 - Power of Court to make orders
Section103 - Presumption as to employment
Section104 - Onus as to age
Section104A - Onus of proving limits of what is practicable, etc
Section105 - Cognizance of offences
Section106 - Limitation of prosecutions
Section106A - Jurisdiction of a court for entertaining proceedings, etc., for offence
Chapter XI
Section107 - Appeals
Section108 - Display of notices
Section109 - Service of notices
Section110 - Returns
Section111 - Obligations of workers
Section111A - Right of workers, etc
Section112 - General power to make rules
Section113 - Powers of Centre to give directions
Section114 - No charge for facilities and conveniences
Section115 - Publication of rules
Section116 - Application of Act to Government factories
Section117 - Protection to persons acting under this Act
Section118 - Restrictions on disclosure of information
Section118A - Restriction on disclosure of information
Section119 - Act to have effect notwithstanding anything contained in Act 37 of 1970
Section120 - Repeal and savings

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