U.S. Supreme Court In re Berg, 409 U.S. 1238 (1972)
In re Berg
Decided November 2, 1972
409 U.S. 1238
ON APPLICATION FOR STAY AND BAIL PENDING APPEAL
Applicants, who were found in civil contempt after refusing to testify before a grand jury, have applied for a stay, contending that they and their attorneys were subjected to illegal electronic surveillance. The Government denied such surveillance with respect to the applicants, and asserted its unawareness thereof with respect to the attorneys, but did not show that diligent inquiry had been made.
Held: A stay is granted until the matter can be presented to, and acted on by, the full Court.
MR. JUSTICE DOUGLAS, Circuit Justice.
The Court of Appeals granted a stay in this case until 5:30 p.m. (P.s.t.) today. While the application was filed here October 28, 1972, I did not desire to act until the Solicitor General had time to respond. His response came in yesterday afternoon.
My conclusion is that the case is analogous to the Ellsberg case ( Russo v. Byrne, No. 72-307, O.T. 1972) now before the Court; but is more particularly related to Black v. United States, 385 U. S. 26 , and O'Brien v. United States, 386 U. S. 345 .
The issue of electronic surveillance in the present case raises questions under the Sixth as well as the Fourth Amendment. Central is the question whether the unawareness of the prosecution is sufficient to bring to an end the judicial inquiry, or whether some diligent search of the prosecution is necessary. * In Black, a new
trial was ordered even though the prosecutor did not know he had in his possession attorney-client conversations and even though none of them was used.
I have concluded to grant a stay, good until the matter can be presented to the full Court and until the Court acts on it.
* While the prosecution filed affidavits that none of applicants' conversations was "bugged," there had been no search for any conversations of their attorneys. It would seem that a client is an "aggrieved" person within the meaning of 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510(11) and 3504(a)(1) when and if the conversations of his attorney are "bugged" and used against him.