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J. Jayalalitha and Others Vs. State, By the Superintendent of Police, Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Special Investigation Cell, Chennai and Others - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtKarnataka High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 835 of 2014 c/w Criminal Appeal Nos. 836, 837 & 838 of 2014 & Criminal Appeal Nos. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 & 22 of 2015
Judge
AppellantJ. Jayalalitha and Others
RespondentState, By the Superintendent of Police, Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Special Investigation Cell, Chennai and Others
Excerpt:
(prayer: crl. a. no.835/2014 is filed under section 374 (2) of code of criminal procedure by the advocate for the appellant/accused no.1 praying that this honble court may be pleased to set aside the judgment and order of conviction and sentence both dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the 36th additional city civil and sessions judge (special court for trial of criminal cases against kum. jayalalitha and others) at bangalore in spl.c.c.no.208/2004 – convicting the appellant/accused no.1 for the offence punishable under section 13(1)(e) read with section 13(2) of prevention of corruption act and under section 120-b of indian penal code read with section 13(1)(e) read with section 13(2) of prevention of corruption act and the appellant/accused no.1 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment.....
Judgment:

(Prayer: Crl. A. No.835/2014 is filed Under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate for the Appellant/Accused No.1 Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Judgment and Order of Conviction and Sentence Both Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Special Court for Trial of Criminal Cases against Kum. Jayalalitha and Others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 – Convicting the Appellant/Accused No.1 for the Offence Punishable Under Section 13(1)(E) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(E) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.1 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Four Years, and to pay a Fine of Rs.100 Crores. In Default to pay the Fine Amount, she shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Year – For the Offence Punishable Under Section 13(1)(E) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.1 is Sentenced To Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Six Months and to pay a Fine of Rs. 1 Lakh, in Default to pay the Fine Amount, she shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Month – for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B Of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl.A. No. 836/2014 is filed Under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate for the Appellant/Accused No.2 Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Judgment and Order of Conviction Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Special Court for Trial of Criminal Cases against Kum.Jayalalitha And Others) At Bangalore In Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 – Convicting The Appellant/Accused No.2 for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code Read With Section 13(1)(E) Read With Section 13(2) Of Prevention Of Corruption Act, 1988 and Under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(E) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.2 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Four Years, and to pay a Fine of Rs. 10 Crores. in Default to pay the Fine Amount, she shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Year -for the Offence Punishable Under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.2 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Six Months and to pay a Fine of Rs.10,000/- . in Default to pay the Fine Amount, she shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Month – for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act. Crl. A. No.837/2014 is Filed Under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate for the Appellant/Accused No.3 Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Judgment and Order of Conviction and Sentence Both Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge, (Special Court for Trial of Criminal Cases against Kum. Jayalalitha and Others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 – Convicting the Appellant/Accused No.3 for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13 (1)(e) read with section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption act, 1988 and under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code Read With Section 13(1)(E) Read With Section 13(2) Of Prevention Of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.3 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Four Years, and to pay a Fine of Rs.10 Crores. in Default to pay the fine Amount, he shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Year – for the Offence Punishable Under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.3 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Six Months and to pay a Fine of Rs.10,000/-. In Default to Pay the Fine Amount, he shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Month – for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl.A. No.838/2014 is filed Under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate for the Appellant/Accused No.4 Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Judgment and Order of Conviction and Sentence Both Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge, (Special Court for trial of Criminal Cases against Kum. Jayalalitha and Others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 – Convicting the Appellant/Accused No.4 for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(E) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption act and under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(E) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.4 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Four Years, and to pay a fine of Rs.10 Crores. In Default to pay the Fine Amount, she shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Year – for the Offence Punishable Under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the Appellant/Accused No.4 is Sentenced to Undergo Simple Imprisonment for a Period of Six Months and to pay a Fine of Rs.10,000/-. In default to pay the Fine Amount, she shall Undergo Further Imprisonment for One Month- for the Offence Punishable Under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl.A. No. 17/2015 is filed Under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate, for the Appellant Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Order Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the Special Judge and Xxxvi Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Cch-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 Filed as Annexure-E in So far as the Confiscation of the Properties of the Appellant.

Crl.A. No.18/2015 is filed Under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate., for the Appellant Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Order Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the Special Judge and Xxxvi Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Cch-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004) filed as Annexure-J in so far as the Confiscation of the Properties of the Appellant and further Pass an Order Withdrawing the Attachment made in Respect of the Properties of the Appellant.

Crl.A. No.19/2015 is filed Under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate for the Appellant Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Order Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the Special Judge and Xxxvi Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Cch-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-J in so far as the Confiscation of the Properties of the Appellant.

Crl.A. No.20/2015 is filed Under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate for the Appellant Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Order Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the Special Judge and Xxxvi Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Cch-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-P in so far as the Confiscation of the Properties of the Appellant.

Crl.A. No.21/2015 is filed Under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate, for the Appellant Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Order Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the Special Judge and Xxxvi Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Cch-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 Filed as Annexure-J in so far as the Confiscation of the Properties of the Appellant.

Crl.A. No.22/2015 is filed Under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the Advocate, for the Appellant Praying that this Honble Court may be Pleased to set aside the Order Dated: 27.09.2014 Passed by the Special Judge and Xxxvi Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Cch-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-J in so far as the Confiscation of the Properties of the Appellant.)

Common Judgment:

1. Crl. A. No.835/2014 is filed under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate for the appellant/accused No.1 praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the judgment and order of conviction and sentence both dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (Special Court for trial of criminal cases against Kum. J. Jayalalitha and others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 convicting the appellant/accused No.1 for the offence punishable under Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Actand under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.1 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of four years, and to pay a fine of Rs.100 crores. In default to pay the fine amount, she shall undergo further imprisonment for one year – for the offence punishable under Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.1 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of six months and to pay a fine of Rs.1 lakh, in default to pay the fine amount, she shall undergo further imprisonment for one month – for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl.A. No. 836/2014 is filed under Section 374 (2) of code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate for the appellant/accused no.2 praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the judgment and order of conviction dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge, (Special Court for trial of criminal cases against Kum.J Jayalalitha and others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004–convicting appellant/accused no.2 for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 and under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.2 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of four years, and to pay a fine of Rs.10 crores. In default to pay the fine amount, she shall undergo further imprisonment for one year for the offence punishable under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.2 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of six months and to pay a fine of Rs.10,000/- . In default to pay the fine amount, she shall undergo further imprisonment for one month – for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl. A. No.837/2014 is filed under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate for the appellant/accused No.3 praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the judgment and order of convicting and sentence both dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge, (Special Court for trial of criminal cases against Kum. J Jayalalitha and others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 – convicting the appellant/accused No.3 for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13 (1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 and under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.3 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of four years, and to pay a fine of Rs.10 crores. In default to pay the fine amount, he shall undergo further imprisonment for one year – for the offence punishable under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.3 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of six months and to pay a fine of Rs.10,000/-. In default to pay the fine amount, he shall undergo further imprisonment for one month – for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl.A. No.838/2014 is filed under Section 374 (2) of Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate for the appellant/accused No.4 praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the judgment and order of conviction and sentence both dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the 36th Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge, (Special Court for trial of criminal cases against Kum. Jayalalitha and others) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 – convicting the appellant/accused No.4 for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption act and the appellant/accused No.4 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of four years, and to pay a fine of Rs.10 crores. In default to pay the fine amount, she shall undergo further imprisonment for one year – for the offence punishable under Section 109 of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act and the appellant/accused No.4 is sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for a period of six months and to pay a fine of Rs.10,000/-. In default to pay the fine amount, she shall undergo further imprisonment for one month- for the offence punishable under Section 120-B of Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

Crl.A. No. 17/2015 is filed under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate, for the appellant praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the order dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the Special Judge and XXXVI Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (CCH- 37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-E in so far as the confiscation of the properties of the appellant.

Crl.A. No.18/2015 is filed under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate, for the appellant praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the order dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the Special Judge and XXXVI Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (CCH-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004) filed as Annexure-J in so far as the confiscation of the properties of the appellant and further pass an order withdrawing the attachment made in respect of the properties of the appellant.

Crl.A. No.19/2015 is filed under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate for the appellant praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the order dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the Special Judge and XXXVI Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (CCH-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-J in so far as the confiscation of the properties of the appellant.

Crl.A. No.20/2015 is filed under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate for the appellant praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the order dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the Special Judge and XXXVI Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (CCH-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-P in so far as the confiscation of the properties of the appellant.

Crl.A. No.21/2015 is filed under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate, for the appellant praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the order dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the Special Judge and XXXVI Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (CCH-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-J in so far as the confiscation of the properties of the appellant.

Crl.A. No.22/2015 is filed under Section 454 Code of Criminal Procedure by the advocate, for the appellant praying that this Honble Court may be pleased to set aside the order dated: 27.09.2014 passed by the Special Judge and XXXVI Additional City Civil and Sessions Judge (CCH-37) at Bangalore in Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 filed as Annexure-J in so far as the confiscation of the properties of the appellant.

2. The private complaint filed by the complainant- Dr.Subramanian Swamy, President, Janatha Party, No.1, Papanasam Sivan Salai, Mylapore, Madras-600 004, in Criminal Case No.3238 of 1996, against Ms.J.Jayalalitha, Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, 36, Poes Garden, Madras – 600 086, under Section 200 Cr.P.C. alleging offence punishable under Section 13(1)(e) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, reads as under:

“The complainant above named states as follows:-

1. The Complainant is in active political life, having been a Member of Parliament for four terms, and a Senior Cabinet Minister in the Union Ministry holding the portfolios of Commerce, Law and Justice. He is the President of the Janatha Party, a National party recognized by the Election Commission of India.

2. The complainant has been taking a consistent and serious interest in eliminating corruption from public life. Alarmed at the high degree of corruption and misuse of power and abuse of power for achieving the goal for accumulating wealth to the level of “Everest” that has been taking place in the state of Tamil Nadu, the complainant is taking all steps to curb if not to eliminate in this State, which is his home State of Tamil Nadu.

3. The accused Ms. J Jayalalitha has become the Chief Minister on 24.06.1991. The whole of Tamil Nadu expected good and able administration, but their hope vanished since the accused Ms. J Jayalalitha instead of governing the State for the welfare of the people at large jointed in league with others and in particular her accomplice and partner in business Ms. Sasikala, have collaborated, colluded and conspired to amass wealth, both moveable and immovable in the State of Tamil Nadu as well as abroad using her position and power as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for which Ms. Sasikala has functioned as an extra – constitutional authority. The Complainant is confining his complaint against the former Chief Minister alone since she was a public servant under the provisions of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 for offences committed by her under Section 13(1)(e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. Section 13(1)(e) reads thus:

“13. CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT BY A PUBLIC SERVANT:-

(1) a public servant is said to commit the offence of criminal misconduct….

(e) if he or any person on his behalf, is in possession or has, at anytime during the period of his office, been in possession for which the public servant cannot satisfactorily account of pecuniary resources or property disproportionate to his known sources of income.”

4. The complainant states that according to the evidence he has collected from various sources including through Parliament by putting question and getting authoritative answers from the Government, the accused person has committed the offence and is guilty and warrants prosecution.

5. The complainant states that Ms. J Jayalalitha was a public servant within the meaning of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. Having coming to know about the nonfiling of Income-tax returns for years and the Income Tax Department sleeping over this, as a Member of Parliament filed an ‘Unstarred question No.2309 seeking an answer from the Rajya Sabha on 8.12.1992. As soon as the question was filed, the accused some-how came to know that the subject matter of that question relates to her Income-tax immediately rushed to file her tax returns for three years running on the same day, i.e. 20.11.1992. Subsequently, the complainant was surprised from the answer given to him in the Rajya Sabha to his ‘Unstarred question No.57, on 23.2.1993. The answer revealed that:-

Her Wealth during 1989-90 was ZERO

Her Wealth during 1990-91 was Rs.1.89 Crores

Her Wealth during 1991-92 was Rs.2.60 Crores

Her Wealth during 1992-93 was Rs.5.82 Crores

And subsequent investigation by the Complainant revealed that:

Her Wealth during 1993-94 was Rs.21.33 Crores; and

Her Wealth during 1994-95 was Rs.38.21 Crores

It is a known fact that the accused was receiving Re.1/-(One Rupee only) as her salary as Chief Minister. Adding her grape garden produce in Hyderabad the rise in wealth to an unimaginable and even un-dreamable by more than 21 times in her declared wealth from Rs.1.89 Crores to Rs.38.21 Crores between 1990-91 and 1994-95 is wholly incredible. Upon my insistence, the Income-Tax Department issued notices under Section 143(3) of the Income-Tax Act and under Section 16(3) of the Wealth Tax Act asking her to explain her prima facie incredible assessment.

6. The complainant is not listing all the illegal acquisitions in this complaint but under the law it will suffice if the admitted income of the public servant, the accused Ms. J Jayalalitha, and the assets which are acquired by the said public servant subsequent to her assuming the public office are not commensurate.

7. The first acquisition of immovable property immediately after assuming power as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu was 1.1407 ground of vacant urban land abutting her Poes garden, building (No.36, Poes Garden) comprised in plot No.31-A, comprised in R.S.No.1567/63, Mylapore Division, Block No.31 of Mylapore-Triplicane Taluk on 22.7.1991 for Rs.8,00,000/- (Rupees eight lakhs only) through the value of the property even a according to the guideline value is Rs.45 lakhs. Even 8 lakhs of rupees was paid by way of cheques drawn on 3 different banks including one at Hyderabad which proves her financial status and the debits in the various bank accounts in her name at the particular time:

Rs.1,00,000/- (SB Account No.5158, Bank of Madurai, Anna Nagar Branch, Madras). (What are the reasons for operating a SB Account at Anna Nagar, far away from Poes Garden). Rs.4,00,000/- SB Account No.23832, Canara Bank, Mylapore. Rs.3,00,000/- SB Account No.20614 Central Bank of India, secunderabad.

8. The complainant further states that the accused person J.Jayalalitha had shown ‘NIL income and ‘NIL wealth since 1985-86 who had ceased to be a film actress since 1979, and according to the evidence collected by him, she had to depend on others for her day to day living. But that such a person is now in a position to declare her wealth in 1994-95 as Rs.38.21 Crores (though this amount is negligible as against the true state of affairs).

9. The complainant states that Ms. J.Jayalalitha had to depend on the Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch for paying the sale consideration to the Government for having purchased the TANSI LAND. The execution of General Power of Attorney authorising her business partner Sasikala to execute the necessary loan documents, getting the loan sanctioned the same day and the issue of drafts in favour of the Government simultaneously within ONE DAY speaks about the abuse of state authority in this regard, forcing the Bank Authorities to grant loan to the tune of crores on the security of the property proposed to be purchased which is unknown in the history of administration of banks.

10. The complainant states that in a number of cases, the Supreme Court has laid that “known sources of income” must be taken to mean “Sources known to the complainant”, and not sources know to the public servant. Besides, once cognizance is taken of the complaint, the prosecution has to only show that the accused or some person on her behalf is in possession of pecuniary resources for which the public servant or the said some other person cannot satisfactorily account for and once that is established, it is the duty of the court to presume that the accused is guilty, unless the accused proves the contrary. The onus thus shifts to the accused.

11. The complainant states that the accused person stopped acting in cinema films and other films in 1979, long before she became the Chief Minister in June 1991. After she had become the Chief Minister in June 1991, she has been drawing a salary of Re.1/- only as her monthly salary. She is said to have an orchard at Hyderabad out of which she does not appear to have derived any income therefrom prior to 1990-91 as is evident from the non-submissions of her income-tax return makes one to conform that she had no income even from the Orchard said to have been owned by her. Though repeated here again she had to depend on other for her livelihood as evidenced form the letters written by her own hand her wealth was declared as ZERO in 1989-90, therefore on her own declaration, here income from the Orchard at Hyderabad could be taken as ‘negligible if not zero, as not to require payment of tax upto 1989-90.

12. The complainant states that is this back-ground her subsequent declarations of wealth and income for succeeding years, confirmed in answer to a Parliament Question are astounding and are as follows:-

YearIncome declared taxable/AgricultureWealth Declared
1990-9186,860/8,00,0001.89 Crores
1991-924,48,660/9,00,0002.60 Crores
1992-936,64,530/9,50,0005.82 Crores
 
(Source:1990-91 to 1992-93: Rajya Sabha unstarred question No.57, answered on 23.2.1993).

13. It is surpasses any ones imagination as to how and swelling such a steep increase of wealth and income would be possible for a person who is supposed to be receiving Re.1/- only as her monthly salary. Her non-reply to the notices issued under section 143(2) of Income-tax Act and under section 16(2) of the Wealth Tax Act speaks for itself and confirms the view that she had no answer for such a seeping level of income and value of wealth. Further, the rush filing of income/wealth returns for the assessment years 1990-91, 1991-92 and 1992-93 on 20.11.1992, 2.11.1992 and 23.11.1992 respectively is one stroke immediately on my filing Unstarred Question No.3274 (and Answered on 15.12.1994) having perhaps coming to know in advance of the Parliaments question which requires 2 weeks notice to the Parliament Secretariat, proves the deliberate attempts made by her to suppress her income from tax. But for the complainants raising this issue in parliament, this would not have come to light.

14. The complainant further states that though she is getting a salary of Re.1/- per month, she had been giving donations in her own name to the “needy” and giving publicity to the same at the Government Cost. A list of such donations is enclosed.

15. The complainant further states that Ms.N.Sasikala is said to be the aid of the accused and described as ‘unborn sister, she is the wife of Mr.Natarajan, who hailed from a lower middle class agricultural family, and who was in Government Service from 1976 to 1991 in the Information Department. He was once removed from services and reinstated without back wages and their only source of income was the salary which he had been receiving during the said aid period. The accused person Ms.J.Jayalalitha in league with Ms.Sasikala and her close relatives have accumulated properties and began to purchase properties after properties which are prestigious and assets given below are only a very negligible part of the total ill gotten wealth and properties acquired by the accused person as well as her business partner Sasikala and her relatives and even these are totally incompatible with the known sources of income of the accused Ms.Jayalalitha and Sasikala and her relatives. The following details have been gathered and collected from published sources in the media. Items 1 and 2 below are admitted.

a. The Capital and investment of M/s Jaya Publications which is about Rs.30 Crores including the purchase of TANSI LAND for which Rs.182 Crores have been paid and a sum of Rs.26.55 Lakhs paid as stamp duty.

b. J. Jay TV Pvt. Ltd. and the associate Super Duper TV Ltd. of capital of Rs.100 Crores.

c. M/s. Sasi Enterprises situated at No.14, Ground Floor, Parsn Manare, 602, Anna Salai, Ms.Jayalalitha is a partner.

d. Brahadeeswara Hospital in Thanjavur estimated to be more than Rupees One Crore purchased by Late Dr.Vinodhagan, brother of Ms.Sasikala.

e. A luxury wedding hall (marriage hall) comprising of 25000 square feet at Thiruthuraipoondi belonging to Ms.Sasikala worth more than rupees one crore.

f. Purchase of “Divan Bungalow” at Mannargudi along with land measuring more than 25000 square feet worth several lakhs of rupees.

g. “Tamil Arasi Press”, Tamil Arasi Maligai, Madras 18, owned by Mr.Natarajan, husband of Sasikala.

h. Sengamala Womens College under construction on 10 acres of land in Sundarakottai at an estimated cost of Rs.3 Crores.

i. Ramraj Agro-rice and oil extraction plant in Tiruvarur reported to have been sold by a liquor baron.

j. M/s J.S.Housing Development –A real estate company started by Ms.Sasikala and 5 others which has purchased a property in Mylapore worth Rs.54 lakhs.

k. A bungalow in Trichy purchased by Mr.Vivekanandan, and a bungalow in T.Nagar, Madras purchased by his brother Mr.Sundaravadanam both are close relatives of Sasikala.

l. Purchase of land measuring 1.1407 grounds near 36, Poes Garden, Chief Ministers-residence for Rs.8 lakhs (real value Rs.45 lakhs).

More evidence of other acquisitions may be collected by this Honble Court ordering an investigation.

The above are only some of the known illegal acquisition of wealth and assets by the former Chief Minister and accused Ms. J. Jayalalitha and her own people acting as her benami. According to the provisions of Section 13(1)(e), if he/she or any person on his/her behalf is liable for punishment. In the case of acquisition of the above and other properties, though stands in some other persons name, but in reality it belongs to the accused person and therefore liable for punishment.

16. The complainant has thus established a prima facie case against the accused person Ms. J. Jayalalitha, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for offences committed by her under the provisions of Section 13(1) (e) of the prevention of Corruption Act.

17. The complainant states that according to the provisions of the Prevention of Corruption Act, for taking cognizance of offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act against Public Servants, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, sanction of the Governor of Tamil Nadu is necessary. But since the accused ceased to be the public servant and the offences committed by her were during the period when she was a public servant the sanction of the Governor is not necessary.

18. The complainant therefore prays that this Honble Court may be pleased to take cognizance of this complaint privately filed by the complainant against the accused for offences committed by her under the provisions of Section 13(1) (e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act and render justice.

Madras:

Dated: COMPLAINANT”

LIST OF WITNESSES OF BEHALF OF PROSECUTION:

1. Dr.Subramanian Swamy, No.1, Papanasam Salai, Madras-5.

Further list of witnesses will be furnished in due course.

LIST OF DOCUMENTS FILED ON BEHALF OF THE COMPLAINANT

Sl.No.DateDescription of Document
0108.12.1992Rajya Sabha proceedings relating to Unstarred Question No.2309
0208.12.1992Rajya Sabha proceedings relating to Unstarred Question No.2346
0308.12.1992Rajya Sabha proceedings relating to Unstarred Question No.2329
0415.12.1992Rajya Sabha proceedings relating to Unstarred Question No.3274
0523.12.1993Rajya Sabha proceedings relating to Unstarred Question No.57
0616.03.1993Rajya Sabha proceedings relating to Unstarred Question No.2534
 
 
 
3. The contents of the First Information Report filed under Section 154 of Cr.P.C read as under:
“1. Distt.Madras

P.S.Vigilance and Anti-Corruption

Headquarters,

Madras-6

Year 1996 FIR No.13/AC/96/HQ

Date: 18.09.1996

2. (i) Act: Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988

Sections: 13 (2) r/w 13 (1) (e)

3. (a) Occurrence of Offence: 1991-96

(b) Information received at P.S.

Dt: 18.09.1996 Time 1:30 pm

4. Type of information: Written

5. Place of Occurrence: Madras and other places

(a) Direction and Distance from P.S: South East about 3 KMS.

Beat No: Does not arise.

(b) Address: No.36, Poes Garden, Madras- 600 086.

(c) In case outside limit of this Police Station, then the

Name of P.S: Nil

6. Complainant/Informant:

(a) Name. Thiru. V.C.Perumal, IPS.,

(b) Occupation. Inspector - General of Police.

(c) Address: Directorate of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption, No.608, Anna Salai, Madras-600 006.

7. Details of known/suspected/unknown accused with full particulars:

Selvi J.Jayalalitha

Former Chief Minister of Tamilnadu,

Now residing at No.36, Poes Garden Madras-600 086

8. Reasons for delay in reporting by the Complainant/

Informant: No delay.

9. Particulars of properties stolen/ involved:

Does not arise.

10. Total value of properties stolen involved.

Does not arise.

11. Inquest Report/ U.D. Case No. if any.

Nil

12. F.I.R. Contents (Attach separate sheets, if required):

The accused held the office of Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu during the period, June 24, 1991- May 9, 1996. She was a public servant during this period. She was receiving a salary of one rupee per month as Chief Minister.

2. Prior to June 1991, the accused was having a grape garden at Hyderabad, a residential house at No.36, Poes garden, Madras-18, a house property at No.212, St.Marys Road, Madras-18, and some landed property at Cheyyar, North Arcot – Ambedkar District.

3. There is information that, during her tenure as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, the accused had acquired a large number of movable and immovable properties, constructed new buildings, and acquired pecuniary resources, which are all far beyond her known sources of income. Verification of the information disclosed that the following were some of the many assets acquired by her during the above period:-

(i) (a) The accused constructed a multi-storeyed building at 31-A (currently merged with 36), Poes Garden, Madras-86 costing about Rs.1.75 crores.

(b) She built a farm house inside the grape garden at Hyderabad costing about Rs.50 lakhs.

(c) She made the following deposits of money:

Sriram Investments, Madras (Seven deposits in all)Rs. 98,00,000
Canfin Homes, Madras(FDR 352/94-95): Rs.1,00,00,000
Indian Bank(RIP Deposit:176580) Abiramapuram Branch, Madras:Rs.1,00,00,000
Total :Rs.2,98,00,000
 
(ii) The accused is found to have acquired the following properties (at the price noted against each) in the names of the firms in which she is a partner with Tmt.N.Sasikala as mentioned below:

Jaya Publications

(i) Land and Building at Plot No. (S) S-7, Thiru Vi ka Industrial Estate, Guindy, Madras (4664.60 Sq.ft) bought from Idayam Publications Rs.12,60,000/-

(in Document No.3285/91 of 22.9.1991)

(ii) Land and Building in Door No.98/99 (RS No.1639/95) Luz Church Road Madras from Tr.Suresh Mittal and Others in Doc.No.282/94 dated Rs.1,87,000/-

23.06.94(one portion in a 10 ground plot)

Sasi Enterprises

(i) Land and Building at C-62, ThiruvenkataNagar, Ambattur, Madras 53.

Rs.1,90,000/-

(Document No.509/1994)

(ii) Land and Building at Door No.18, Plot No.13, III Street, Abiramapuram,Madras from Tr.Ramachandran in Document No.72/93 dated 27-1-93 (1 ground and 1475 sq.ft)

Rs.43,00,000/-

(iii) Land and building at 167/92 Thiru Vi ka Industrial Estate (63 cents)

Rs.79,54,650/-

4. The accused also acquired immovable properties valued about Rs.8.9 Crores in the names of persons believed to be her ‘benamis, such as Tmt. N.Sasikala, Tr.V.N.Sudagaran, Tmt.J.Elavarasi, and others, and also in the names of the firms alleged to have been promoted by them. Some of these are:

Description of PropertyPrice Paid
(a) Wet lands at Payyanoor (ThiruporurTaluk, Chingleput-MGR Dt) (Extent:24 acres, 72.5 cents)Rs.19,05,000/-
(b) Land and Building at Door No.68 and 69 Habibullah Road T.Nagar, MadrasRs.90,00,000/-
(c) Kalyanamandapam and Land At 41, Razaack Garden Rd., MMDA Colony Arumbakkam, MadrasRs.15,00,000/-
(d) Tea Estate (900 acres) at Kodanadu (Kothagiri), styled The Kodanad Tea Estate Co.Rs.7,60,00,000/-
(e) Plot and House (S.No.93.94/95) At Mannargudi Town, NQM dt.(measuring 25035 sq.ft.)Rs. 6,00,000/-
 Rs.8,90,05,000/-
 
5. The accused is found to be having two bank accounts, viz., SB.No.23832 and CA No.2018, with Canara Bank, Mylapore, Madras, Huge inflows of cash are noticed in these accounts, the sources for which have to be probed.

6. The acquisition of all the above said movable and immovable properties worth about Rs.15.52 crores is believed to be disproportionate to the known sources of income of the accused, for which she has to account satisfactorily. An offence under Section 13(2) r/w Sec 13 (1)(e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 is disclosed. It is believed that more items of properties and pecuniary resources are likely to be unearthed by means of a through investigation. Hence a case has to be registered in accordance with law.

7. Accordingly, I am registering a case in Cr.No.13/AC/96/HQ u/s 13(2) r/w 13(1) (e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 against the accused for the purpose of taking up investigation.

Inspector General of Police

Vigilance and Anti-Corruption,

Madras-6

13. Action taken: Since the above report reveals commission of offence (s) u/s as mentioned at item No.2, registered the case and / directed Thiru. N.Nallamma Naidu Rank Additional Superintendent of Police, DVAC Madras to take up the investigation.

F.I.R. read over to the Complainant/informant, admitted to be correctly recorded and a copy given to the Complainant/ informant free of cost.

Sd/-

Signature of the Officer-Incharge, P.S.

14. Signature/ Thumb impression:

Name: V.C.Perumal IPS of the Complainant/Informant

Rank: IG of Police

No.DVAC Madras

15. Date and Time of dispatch to the court

18.9.96 and 2.00 pm

Submitted to Hon Principal Sessions and Spl. Judge, Madras.

Sd/-”

4. The Contents of the Charge Sheet reads as under:

“CHARGE SHEET

Accused

1. Selvi. J Jayalalitha, Former Chief Minister of Tamilnadu, Residing at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86

2. Tmt. Sasikala Natarajan, W/o M. Natarajan, No.18, III Street, East Abiramapuram, Chennai-4.

3. Tr. V. N. Sudhakaran, S/o T.T. Vivekanandan, No.68, Habibullah Road, Chennai-17.

4. Tmt. J Elavarasi, W/o Late V. Jayaraman, No.31, Mannai Nagar, Mannargudi, A.T. Pannerselvam Dist.

A1 was Chief Minister of Tamilnadu from 24.06.1991 till 13.05.1996. Prior to this, she was a Member of the Rajya Sabha from April 1984 till 27.01.1989 and a member of Tamilnadu Legislative Assembly from 27.01.1989 till 30.01.1991. She was a public servant within the meaning of Section 2(C) of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 (Central Act 49 of 1988). A2, A3 and A4 are private individuals.

2) A2 is the wife of one Tr. M. Natarajan. The said Tr. M. Natarajan had joined Govt. Service as Publicity Assistant in the information and Public Relations Dept., Govt. of Tamilnadu on 13.07.1970, and was later promoted as Assistant Director in 1984 and as Deputy Director in 1986 in the same Dept. He tendered his resignation from Govt. Service on 1.11.1988, but the resignation was accepted by Govt. of Tamil Nadu only on 03.04.1991 with retrospective effect. A2 is the daughter of Tr. C. Vivekanandan, a Medical Compounder doing private practice, who was living in a small house at Thattara Street, Thiruthuraipoondi. Tr. Vivekanandan had acquired the said house and 7.08 acres of land through inheritance. A2 was given in marriage to Tr. M. Natarajan in the early 1970s at Thanjavur. A2 who was initially an occasional visitor to the residence of A1 at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86, came to be permanently accommodated by A1 there from the year 1988 onwards, and acknowledged by A1 as her friend-cum-sister (Udanpirvatasagothari). A2 continued to live with A1 at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86 till the year 1996.

3) A3 is the son of A2s elder sister Tmt. V. Vanithamani and Tr. T. T. Vivekanandan. He came to reside at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86 in the year 1992 while pursuing his studies at New College, Chennai, and stayed there till the first quarter of 1997. A1 had acknowledged and proclaimed A3 as her “foster son” and had conducted the latters marriage with one Tmt. Sathiyalakshmi at Chennai on 07.09.1995 on a very lavish scale.

4) A4 is the wife of late Tr. V. Jayaraman, the elder brother of A2. The said Tr. V. Jayaraman was a Govt. Servant in the Civil Supplies Dept. and died in December 1991 due to electrocution while attending to works in the Grape Garden of A1 at Hyderabad. Following her husbands death, A4 came to live at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai- 86 from the beginning of 1992.

5) A1 is the daughter of late Tmt. N.R. Sandhya who was acting in films during the 1960s. A1 was also acting in films during 1964-72. Tmt. N.R. Sandhya died in the year 1971, and as per her Will dated 01.11.1971, she bequeathed her shares to A1 in the properties belonging to Natyakala Niketana in which both were partners. At the time of her mothers death A1 came to own the following properties namely:-

i) Land and Building at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86

ii) House at Plot No.36, Door No.8/3/1099, Srinagar Officers Colony, Hyderabad City.

iii) Lands totally measuring 10.20 acres in S.No.52 and S.No.50 of Jeedi Metla Village and S. No.93/1 of Pet Basheerabad Village, Metchal Taluk, Ranga Reddy District, Andhra Pradesh with Grape Garden, Farm House and Servants Quarters.

iv) Land in Survey No.93/2 to the extent of 3.15 acres in Pet Basheerabad Village (A.P.).

6) The assets which were in the possession of A1 upto 1987 are found to be worth only about Rs.7.5 Lakhs as per details given below:

i) The four items of properties listed in para-5 above;

ii) Agricultural land 3.43 Acres in Cheyyur Taluk, now in Anna Dist (as per Doc. No.4564/81 dated 16.12.1981 of SRO North Madras)

iii) Anold Ambassador car and an old Contessa Car

iv) A new Maruthi Car TMA 2466 worth Rs.60,435/-

v) Company shares

She claimed to have possessed balances in her bank accounts to the extent of about Rs.1 lakh, in addition to jewels during the year 1987.

7) Though A1 had floated three business firms viz., i) M/s. Jaya Publicaitons, ii) Namadu M.G.R. and iii) M/s. Sasi Enterprises in the year 1988-90, with A2 and others as her partners, these firms did not generate any income. However, between 13.05.1988 and 27.01.1989, when she was Member of Parliament, A1 had purchased four motor cars worth Rs.9,12,129/- and on 13.02.1989, she purchased a Jeep worth Rs.1,04,000/- after she had become a Member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. Thus during the period when she was a Member of Parliament and later as a Member of Legislative Assembly, she is found to have been acquiring and possessing pecuniary resources and properties which were not commensurate with her known sources of income.

8) The check period for this case has been set out as 01.07.1991 to 30.04.1996 when A1 held office as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. As on 01.07.1991, A1 is found to have been in possession of the properties and pecuniary resources in her name and in the name of A2 (Tmt. N. Sasikala), who was living with A1 at 36, Poes Garden, Chennai, to the extent of Rs.2,01,83,957/-. These includes properties acquired in the name of M/s. Jaya Publications, M/s. Sasi Enterprises and Namadu M.G.R. which had been floated by A1 and A2 with themselves as partners. The details of the properties are as listed in Annexur-1 hereto.

9) After 01.07.1991, the acquiring of assets by A1 had gathered momentum, and during this period, A3 and A4 also came to live with A1 and A2, at No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86, which is also the official residence of A1 as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. During this period, A1 and A2 together are found to have floated several firms in the names of A2, A3 and A4 namely:

i) M/s. J. Farm Houses

ii) M/s. J.S. Housing Development

iii) M/s. Jay Real Estate

iv) M/s Jaya Contractors and Builders

v) M/s J.S.Leasing and Maintenance

vi) M/s Green Farm Houses

vii) M/s Metal King

viii) M/S Super Duper TV (P) Ltd.,

ix) M/s. Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd.,

x) M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd.,

xi) M/s Signora Business Enterprises (P) Ltd.,

xii) M/s Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,

xiii) M/s Riverway Agro Products (P) Ltd.,

xiv) M/s Meadow Agro Farms (P) Ltd., and

xv) Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd.,

xvi) M/s A.P.Advertising Services,

xvii) M/s Vigneswara Builders,

xviii) M/s Lakshmi Constructions,

xix) M/s Gopal Promoters

xx) M/s Sakthi Constructions,

xxi) M/s Namasivaya Housing Development,

xxii) M/s Ayyappa Property Developments,

xxiii) M/s Sea Enclave

xxiv) M/s Navasakthi Contractors and Builders

xxv) M/s Oceanic Constructions

xxvi) M/s Green Garden Apartments

xxvii) Marble Marvels

xxviii) Vinod Video Vision

xxix) Fax Universal

xxx) Fresh Mushrooms,

xxxi) M/s Super Duper T.V.and

xxxii) M/s Kodanadu Tea Estate,

In respect of many of these firms, during the above period, there was no business activity at all, and in respect of the others, the activities were more in the nature of acquiring assets like lands, machinery, buildings etc., and were not production oriented. No Income Tax Returns were filed by these firms. No assessment for Commercial Tax had also been done with respect to the businesses of these firms as the firms had not filed their returns. A1 also had not filed her Income Tax Returns for Assessment Years 1987-88 to 1992-93 till November 1992. When this issue was sought to be raised in Parliament, A1 filed the Income Tax Returns suddenly for the above periods in November 1992.

10) Subsequent to 1.7.1991, assets in the form of movable and immovable properties and pecuniary resources like bank deposits, etc., are found acquired not only in the name of A.1 but also in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and the firms floated in their names. Scrutiny of the various bank accounts maintained in the names of A1 to A4 and in the names of different firms discloses that huge credits in cash had been frequently made into various accounts which were not commensurate with the income of the individuals and of the firms concerned. There were also frequent transfers of amounts between one account to the others to facilitate illegal acquisition of assets. The huge quantum of such assets, when viewed along with the facts that A1 was holding the office of the Chief Minister and that A2, A3 and A4 were living under the same roof with A1 and not having sufficient means to acquire the assets in their names established that the assets were actually acquired by A.1. Thus A1 while she was a public servant had been in possession of pecuniary resources and properties which are disproportionate to her known source of income, which would constitute the offence of criminal misconduct as described in Sec.13(1) (e) of Prevention of Corruption Act 1988, and A2, A3 and A4 facilitated A1 to commit the said offence.

11) There was thus a criminal conspiracy between A.1 a public Servant and her associates, viz., A2, A3 and A4, to acquire and posses properties and pecuniary resources by A1 in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and in the names of the various firms floated by them which are beyond the known sources of income of A1. Further, A2, A3 and A4 had, pursuant to the said conspiracy, held the said properties and pecuniary resources in their names, and in the names of the firms floated by them, on behalf of A1. Pursuant to the said criminal conspiracy, properties, expensive jewellery, etc., and pecuniary resources were acquired by A1 in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and in the name of various firms. As on 30-4-96, the assets thus acquired and possessed by A1 are found to be worth Rs.66,44,73,573/- as set out in Annexure II hereto. These include the assets already with A.1 as on 1-7-1991 (as set out in Annexure-I hereto). Hence, the quantum of assets acquired by A1 in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and the firms floated by them during the period 01.07.1991 to 30.04.1996 has been worked out as Rs.64,42,89,616/- (as set out in Annexure-V hereto).

12) The incomes from the known sources of A1 during the period from 01-07- 1991 to 30-04-1996 (hereinafter referred to as the check period) such as rental incomes, interest derived from various bank deposits and other deposits held by her in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4, agricultural income, loans taken and A.1s salary as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu were computed. For the purpose of computation, the incomes of A2, A3 and A4 were also taken into account. All these work out to a total of Rs.9,34,26,054/- only (as set out in Annexure- III hereto). The expenditure of A1 during the aforementioned check period, including repayments of principal amount and interest on loans taken, amounts remitted to Corporation of Chennai, MMDA and other authorities, payment to various firms and individuals through cheques, expenditure on the marriage of A3, etc., were also assessed. The total expenditure for the above period has been assessed as Rs.11,56,56,833/- (as set out in Annexure-IV hereto). Thus, there was an excess of expenditure over income during the check period to the extent of Rs.2,22,30,779/-(vide Annexure-VI hereto).

13) As on 30-04-1996, A1 a public servant, is thus found to have acquired and possessed pecuniary resources and properties, in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and the firms floated by them, which were disproportionate to her known source of income to the extent of Rs.66,65,20,395/- (Annexure-VII hereto), for which she has failed to account satisfactory. A2, A3 and A4, by holding a substantial portion of the said assets on behalf of A1, had intentionally aided A1 and were parties to the criminal conspiracy with her.

14) (i) Thus, during the period between 01-07-1991 and 30-04-1996, at Chennai and other places, A.1 being the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and a public servant, and A2, A3 and A4, were parties to a criminal conspiracy, having agreed among themselves to commit the offence of possession by A1 of pecuniary resources and properties in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and the firms floated by them, which were disproportionate to the known sources of income of A1 and for which she has failed to account and A2, A3 and A4 abetting A1, in the commission of the said acts by agreeing to hold the properties in their names on behalf of A1 and thereby A1 to A4 committed an offence punishable under Section 120-B Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) read with Section 13(1) (e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 (Central Act 49/1988).

14) (ii) In pursuance of the said criminal conspiracy and in the course of the same transaction, during the said period, at Chennai and other places, A.1, being a public servant committed the offence of criminal misconduct by acquiring and possessing in her name and in the names of A2, A3 and A4 and in the names of the firms floated by them, pecuniary resources and properties which disproportionate of A1s known sources of income to the extent of Rs.66,65,20,395/- and for which she had not satisfactorily accounted and thereby A1 committed an offence punishable under Section 13(2) read with 13(1)(e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 (Central Act 49 of 1988).

14) (iii) In pursuance of the said criminal conspiracy and in the course of the same transaction, during the said period, A2, A3 and A4 abetted A1 in the commission of the said offence of criminal misconduct by allowing A1 to acquire a substantial portion of the properties and pecuniary resources in their names and by holding such properties and pecuniary resources on behalf of A1 which are disproportionate to the known sources of income of A1 and for which A1 had failed to satisfactorily account and thereby A2, A3 and A4 committed an offence punishable under section 109 Indian penal Code read with section 13(2) read with Section 13(1) (e) of Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 (Central Act 49 of 1988).

15) This Final Report (Charge Sheet) is being filed subject to the Provision of Section 173(8) Cr.P.C.

16) Sanction accorded by Governor of Tamil Nadu and issued in G.O.Ms.No.614, Public (SC Department dated 02.06.1997 to prosecute A-1 in the Court of Law is enclosed.

Encl: Annexures I to VII

Sd/-

Superintendent of Police

Vigilance and Anti Corruption,

Special Investigation

Chennai-600 035”

5. The depositions of the prosecution witnesses are extracted as under:

The depositions of witnesses have been typed as it is wherein the prosecution and defence have strongly relied on those witnesses.

PW.1– P.V.Rajaram, PW.2 – E.V.Chakravarthy, PW.3 –D. Thangavelu, PW.9– Sadagopan, PW.39- Venu, PW.50– Sivasankaran, PW.74–S. Ramaiah, PW.77–Janaki, PW.99– D.Raghavalu arethe Sub Registrars.

PW.4– R.Ramachandran, PW.5 – S.Ranganathan, PW.6 –Gopal @ Gopalasamy, PW.8 – S.Sugumaran, PW.10 –Selvaraj, PW.11 – Arunachalam, PW.12 – Radhakrishnan, PW.13 – Ellappan, PW.14 – Egavalli, PW.15 – Naresh Shroft, PW.16 – Jagadeesh Raja, PW.17 – Sundari Shankar are the Sellers, who gave permission for constructions.

PW.7– Y.M.Ganesan,Administrative District Registrar.

PW.18 –Sachidhanandham, District Registrar(Suspension)

PW.19 – M.Subash Chandra, Senior Planning Organiser, Chennai – M.M.D.A. Chennai.

PW.20 – G.Balakrishnan, Retd. Chief Engineer, Chennai Corporation.

PW.21 –N.Narayanan, Superintendent of Engineer-Tamil Nadu Electricity Board.

PW.22 – S.Palanichamy, Doctor.

PW.23–S.Ambalavanan, Advocate, who speaks about drafting of sale deed.

PW.24 – Danaliwala, General Power of Attorney Holder of A3.

PW.25– P.B.Bhandari, PW.26 – Kamal Batcha, PW.27 –Selvirangam, PW.28 – D.Krishnan, PW.29 – Shermuga Durai, PW.30 – Uma Shankar Modi, PW.31 – Rathnavelu, PW.32 – Baby, PW.33 – Mathivanan, PW.34 – Suresh, PW.35 – Swaminathan, PW.36 – Balasubramanian, PW.37 - Ajmal Khan, PW.38–Saleem Khan are the Sellers.

PW.40 - Gangai Amaran, Seller of land.

PW.41 – Mahavirchand, PW.42– A.Janarthanam, who have sold the land to Sasi enterprises.

PW.43– S.Nageswara Rao, PW.44– Shivaji Rao, who speak about filling up of pay slips.

PW.45 –S.Shankar, Chartered Accountant.

PW.46 – T.G.Gopinath, who speaks about property sold to A3.

PW.47 – K.Muthian, who speaks about various aspects of horticulture crops namely coconut, mangoes around the residence of A1 and also laying of pipes.

PW.48 –K.Thiyagarajan, Green Farm House-sold property.

PW.49 –S. Lakshmi Narasimhan, Manager of Sriram Investment Ltd. speaks about the interest amount of Rs.29,32,583/- from 1-7-91 to 30-04-1996.

PW.51 –V. Amanullah Maraicoir, Seller of Lex property-A4.

PW.52 – M.Gandhi, who speaks about Ramraj Agro Mills Company- speaks about paddy grinding machine

PW.53 –R.Ashokan, who speaks about capacity of grinding tones of paddy everyday.

PW.54 – P.L.Deenadayalandoes not speak anything about purchase.

PW.55– K.Manavalan, PW.56– P.S.Rajaram, who speak about Meadow Agro Farm Pvt. Ltd.

PW.57 – R.Gopal, Commercial Manager-VSD Motors speaks about invoice of vehicles.

PW.58 – K.S.Jayaraman, who speaks about price of Swaraj Mazda, Maruthi 800, Maruthi Gypsy in 1985.

PW.59– V.Sekar, who speaks about Tempo Trax and invoice dated 18.11.93 as they sold Tempo Traveler Mini Bus to Sasi Enterprises.

PW.60– V.R.Ramachandran, who speaks about Swaraj Mazda sold to A1 on 24-3-88.

PW.61 – C.Sundarkumar, Sales Manager at Sunshetty Motors, who speaks about Invoices, dated 15.5.1990, 29.8.1989.

PW.62 –Dhanraj Stephan, Sales Manager-India Carriage

PW.63 – M.Krishnan, Sales Manager who speaks about invoice of Ashok Leyland.

PW.64 – Mukesh Tiwari, Manager-Kiwiraj Motors-speaks about 256 Bajaj vehicles sold to Namadhu MGR.

PW.65– M.Sridhar, PW.66– Subbaiah, PW.67– Kadhar Mohideen, PW.68– Uma Sekaran,PW.69 – R.Rajendran are the Regional Transport Officers.

PW.70– K.Venkatesan, who speaks about land sold to Meadow Agro Farms.

PW.71 –S.Radhakrishnan, Horticulture officer.

PW.72 –S.Raghunathan, Manager-Bharani Hotel-Mahazar witness.

PW.73 – Murugesan, who speaks about the purchase of land of A-2.

PW.75 – Thangapandian, Geological Assistant- Horticulture.

PW.76 – Siva has deposed that he was carrying Real Estate Business. He knew Rajagopalan, District Registrar, North Chennai. Pandiyanesan, a Broker informed him through letter that there were many lands particularly at Vallakulam, Veerankulam, Serakulam, Thirunelveli district. Along with him, he went Vallakulam, Veerankulam, Serakulam, Kayatharu, Vellankulam Maanur. He came to know price of the land was Rs.200/- per acre. They decided that they were to pay Rs.500/- per acres for the brokers to bring the parties and Rs.1,000/- per acres for Sitta, Adangal. Rajagopal introduced Sudakaran as NRI and told that he would purchase the land. Alongwith him, he went and showed the lands at Vallakulam, Veerankulam, Serakulam, Veepankulam Kayatharu and Maanur in a tourist car. He told Rajagopal that per acre the selling rate is Rs.2,000/-, for broker Rs.500/- and for him Pandiya Nesan and other expenses Rs.1,000/-. In total, he should give Rs.3,500/- per acre. They purchased 5.53 acres land for amount of Rs.16,600/- at Srivaikundam. Janaki Ammal, Sub-Registrar told that the land has been undervalued and they have to pay double for the stamping because it is registered in the name of a firm i.e. River Agro Products Company Limited.

He further deposed that the power of attorney was registered in his name on 20th and 21st of August, 1994 at Srivaikundam Sub-Registrar Office. Like this, power of attorney was registered in his name for 1,167.57 acres of land. After the power of attorney was registered for 1,167.57 acres of land on different dates for a sum of Rs.23,35,040/- to the owners of the land. Commission was given to Pandiya Nesan in a sum of Rs.2.92 Lakhs. He has received 1.16 Lakhs. Radhakrishnan said that Selvi. Jayalalitha, Sasikala, Sudhakaran have purchased the land. On 17.11.1994, he gave sale deed for 281 acres to power of attorney which was given to him. Deeds of five documents bearing Nos.694/1994 to 698/1994 were registered. That on 22.12.1994, 8 sale deeds were registered through power of attorney. Documents were 811/1994 to 818/1994. Sale Deed was made for 507 acres.

He further deposed that on 6.1.1994, he registered sale deed for 166 acres of land through his power of attorney. These documents bearing Nos.9/1995 to 11/1995.

He further deposed that on 21.2.1995, he registered document Nos.175/1995 to 178/1995 for 158 acres to his Power of Attorney.

He further deposed that on 22.8.1994 under Ex.P324, he registered 53 acres of land. That on 17.11.1995, he prepared sale deed for 73.90 acres of land under Ex.P330. Power of Attorney documents were from Ex.P331 to Ex.P338.

Different sale deeds were registered on different dates. They are as follows:

SaleDeedsmarked as ExhibitsMeasurementin AcresAmount inRs.Date
P.34560.655-17.11.1994
P.35042.31-17.11.1994
P.35734.81569,630.0017.11.1994
P.3636.9813,960.0022.12.1994
P.36655.051,10,010.0022.12.1994
P.37757.011,14,020.0022.12.1994
P.38889.621,79,240.0021.12.1994
P.39680.9551,61,910.0021.12.1994
P.40871.571,51,400.0021.12.1994
P.41968.0951,36,190.0021.12.1994
P.43178.0951,56,190.0021.12.1994
P.44348.9597,900.004.1.1995
P.45054.981,09,960.004.1.1995
P.45662.6597,900.004.1.1995
P.46716.5133,020.0017.2.1995
P.47230.7567,500.0017.2.1995
P.47751.401,02,800.0017.2.1995
P.48859.821,19,640.0017.2.1995
 
During investigation, he states that the date on which the accused No.3 introduced to him by Thiru Rajagopal. He did transaction totally for 1167 acres of land from July, 1994 to January 1995. Land price will differ according to the place. He did not follow the Sub- Registrar Office guideline. He has given the sale consideration amount to the owners of the land as mentioned in the guideline.

During his cross-examination, he states that he has received Rs.100/- per acre and spent it for his expenses. He has acquainted with the Sub-Registrar as a broker normally does. He has submitted his income-tax returns as his income was very low. Rajagopal knew people like him because he was a Sub-Registrar. Rajagopal told him and four brokers that he wanted 500 to 1000 acres of land. He has spent Rs.1,000/- for the advertisement. He gave commercial advertisement to ‘DINA THANDI. He gave advertisement that NRI would like to purchase the land on the larger scale and ask the agents and brokers at the places where the land is cheap to approach him. His native place is Ramapalayam village at Arcot Taluk. He had noted the village name, soil color, depth of the water approximate price at Thirunelveli. Pandiya Nesan and he made a written agreement. In that agreement, he did not write how land would be purchased, they wrote only the details of commission. After seeing the advertisement in Hindu, parties from Chennai contacted their relatives at Kerala and told details. Approximately, Rs.1,300/- was spent for Hindu Newspaper advertisement. Radhakrishnan and third accused came and told that they were ready to purchase. Along with him, Rajagopal, Radhakrishna, Pandiya Nesan and accused No.3 went to Serakulam, Meerankulam, Vellakulam, Vebankulam, Manur and Kayatharu. When they first met, 5.53 acres of land was not sold. The 5.53 acres of land mentioned in Ex.P323 was purchased in favour the company. It is registered for Rs.16,600/-. In Ex.P323, it is mentioned that the sale amount was received from Agro Products Company. General Power of Attorney Documents are Exs.P.325 to P.329. As a power of attorney holder, he had right to sell to Riverway Agro Products Company and other persons. He has received the sale amount in respect of Exs.P330, P339, P345, P350, P357, P363, P366, P377, P388, P396, P408, P419, P431, P443, P450, P456, P467, P472, P477, P488. In the month January, 1995, as a power of attorney holder, he registered a document in the North Chennai District. They made land dealings for lesser prices. During investigation, he did not say any brokers name Pandiya Nesan. Krishnan was an accountant of Riverway Agro Products Ltd. approached them regarding the lands or sale at lesser prices at Thuthukudi District. Land owners did not get any additional amount apart from the sale amount mentioned in the sale deed documents which has been done by him. He did not know PW.71 – Radhakrishnan and Sudhakaran. He has got power of attorney and sale agreement from different persons at Thuthukudi District. Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd. did not bear any expenditure like stamp duty, registration fee except the sale deed amount, which he did the sale transactions. On 7.9.1999, when he came to the Court as a witness police officers connected with this case Nallamma Naidu and few others put pressure on him to tell as they told. During his chief-examination, they compelled him to tell the names of the accused whom were not connected with the case regarding the sale transaction, so he told.

PW.78 – Ganapathy, who speaks about sale of house property.

PW.79– Rathinaraj, PW.80 – C.Kesavan are the receptionists of the Hotel.

PW.81 – S.Thirupathi, Manager of the Hotel Blue Star.

PW.82 – Gurdev Singh, Bus body building works- Rs.25,41,100/-.

PW.83 – Devarajan, Special Director, Ashok Leyland.

PW.84 – Ayyadurai, Indo Doha Chemical Pharmaceutical Pvt. Ltd. Speaks about the purchase of property for Rs.1.05 Crores. Sudhakaran issued cheque for Rs.30,45,000/-.

PW.85 –S.Sridhar, Worker in Ind Bank- purchase of shares of Indo-Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals sold to A3; shares 2,50,000 at Rs.10/share.

PW.86– Vadde Ramesh, who speaks aboutthe immovable property sold to Anjaneya Printers.

PW.87 –M.Subbiah, Superintendent of Engineer, PWD, Tirunelveli. V Speaks about value of land, building and the articles of Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., Serakulam village- valuation- Rs.7,08,160; 1995-96 PWD price List. Map Ex.P519.

PW.88– Radha Venkatachalam, PW.89– Peter Greg Jones, Kodanadu Tea Estate made payment. Amount paid Rs.7.50 Crores - Ex.P521.

PW.90 –Sheela Balakrishnan, Managing Director- TNIDC speaks about management transferred to Indo Doha. Ex.P.534. A3- leasing firm to SPICE. Riverway Agro Products, Sipcot.

PW.91–R.M.Veerappan, Regional Manager, Canfin Homes – One Crore fixed deposit on 6.3.1992- Rs.31,05,444/- Interest. 7.3.1992- Rs.25 Lakhs deposited by A2- Rs.1,21,809/- -IT. Rs.10,03,191/- - Interest.

PW.92 –Ketan Gandhi, Executive Director of Interface Capital Market(P) Ltd.

PW.93– James Fredricks, A3-issued cheque for Rs.20 Lakhs, 20 Lakhs, 10 Lakhs- Transfer of shares, Rs.8,56,636/-. Rs.20 Lakhs from A3.

PW.94-R.Lakshminarayanan, PA to Company Registrar- Lex Property, Riverway, Signora, Meadow, Ramraj, Super Duper TV, Indo-Doha. Income Tax Return-Lex Property, Riverway Agro Products, Signora, Meadow, Indo Doha.

PW.95– S.Balu, Senior Manager, Indian Hospital Corporation Ltd. Upto March 1996 then gave Rs.3,27,250/- as Rents.

PW.96 – Raghuram and PW.97– Anilkumar Reddy, Starting partners of Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd.- firm was transferred to A3 and A4 Rs.2500/-. Transfer of Meadow to A4.

PW.98–M.Velayudham.During the year 1996-97, he worked as an Assistant Executive Engineer in Merina Division, Chennai. Dheenadayalan, Assistant Executive Engineer, Shanmugam, Assistant Engineer, K.Vijayakumar, Assistant Engineer, worked with him. As per the request of Anti-Corruption Police and as per the orders of his higher officers, he assessed the buildings on 15th and 16th October 1996. To assess the buildings at L- 66, Annanagar, he took the measurements. Dheenadayalan, Vijayakumar, Shanmugam, Animal Husbandry Inspector, Mr.Gothandaraman, Balaji, Accountant of Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. assisted him. A.V.K.Reddy was residing in that building. To assess the electrical equipments in that Company, Mr.Gandhi, Assistant Executive Engineer, Mr.Udayasurian, Assistant Engineer, made assessment and gave report. That report is Ex.P.641. As per their assessment, the value of the building is Rs.24,83,756/-. In that civil side is Rs.22,45,014/-. As the permitted map was not found, they prepared the map. In this building, ground floor and first floor were there. The measurement of ground floor is 138.42 sq. meters. (1488.38 sq. ft.) The area of first floor is 151.42 sq. meters (1628.17 sq. ft.) Hence, the total extent is 289.84 sq. meters (3116.55 sq. ft.). The building was constructed as per frame structure. The building was surrounded by compound wall and one ornamental gate. Entrance was decorated by broken marbles. Entire pillars are made of granite stones. The floor of the building is of marble stone. The steps, staircase, wall portion of the building is decorated with Dolpur stones. He has also mentioned the electrical fittings. The Assistant Engineers, Gandhi, Udayasurian, have signed the report.

He assessed the building at Door No.5, Murugan Street, T.Nagar, as per Ex.P.642, which is signed by him. Their group inspected that building on 23.10.1996. During their inspection, Inspector Krishna Rao, Tamilnadu Housing Board Assistant Srinivasan were also with them. The plan of that building was sanctioned by Corporation and Metropolitan authorities. When they inspected the building, underground concrete work has been completed. In that ground floor, the column pillars were standing at different levels. The steel required for building were stored. As per their assessment, the value of the building was Rs.10,92,828/-. In that the civil work is Rs.10,62,975/- and electrical work is Rs.15,853/-.

On 24th, 25th and 28th of October 1996, they inspected the building and took measurements to assess the buildings at 3/178C, East Seashore Road, Vettuvankeril. Ex.P.643 is the report. One building had three floors. Each having 42 flats, one bedroom. Other two buildings each had two floors, each having two bedroom flats, ground floor, first floor and second floor. The other building had ground floor and first floor. In that one garage to park vehicles, one store room and few rooms to stay for small employees. Garage construction was completed and other buildings were not fully completed. Few wooden things were fixed and the remaining were stored. As the garage was closed, they took the measurements from outside and calculated the area. 305.36 meters compound was erected around the four buildings. The value of the compound wall, the incomplete four buildings, the building materials and the completed construction is Rs.1,47,83,375/-. Electrical fittings were not included. That was assessed by the Electrical Engineers. The value is Rs.4,75,701/-. Total value is Rs.1,58,59,076/-. As the work was done during the year 1995-96, the assessment was done as per the year 1995-96. By enquiring the Security and nearby people, they confirmed the construction was done during the year 1995-96. He has given a report as per Ex.P.643.

That on 29.10.1996 and 30.10.1996, they took measurements to assess the building at No.1, Murphy Street, Akkarai Village, East Seashore Road. The building was completely constructed. Plan was furnished to him by Anti-Corruption Department Officers. They considered that the building was constructed during the year 1994-95. The building had two floors, ground floor and first floor. Area of ground floor is 180.59 sq. meters. (1941.82 sq. ft.) and first floor is 188.68 sq. meters (2028.81 sq. ft.). Total area is 369.27 sq. meters (3970.64 sq.ft.). The value of the building is Rs.20,38,959/-. The value of civil work is Rs.18,93,361/- and electrical work is Rs.1,45,598/-.

That on 8.12.1996 to 10.12.1996, the above group went to Hyderabad to take measurements to assess the buildings in the Grape Garden premises at Jedimetla and Phapaseerabad, Rangareddy District, Andhra Pradesh. At that time, PW.256-Kadiveshan-Deputy Superintendent of Police, Inspector Ebanesan, A.P.K.Rao from Andhra Pradesh and Assistant Engineer-Vinod Kumar were with them. After inspection, they gave report as per Ex.P.645. In that place, a new building along with a compound was constructed with an area of 986 sq. meters (10602.15 sq. ft.). Three sheds were constructed in that place for Securities and old house building. That was renovated with granite and marbles. Apart from that, a garage for parking vehicles, workers to stay and generator rooms were constructed separately. Workers residences were roofed with asbestos. Manager and Officers rooms were also constructed separately. Surrounding the premises, 1112.65 meters of compound wall was also built. The height of the compound was about 3 meters with blackstone. Above that 1 to 5 meters were framed with fence and iron angles. In one corner of the compound wall, dumping yard was built with the length of 22.6 meters to dump the unwanted things.

New building, renovated old buildings, 3 sheds for staying the securities and the Garage was measured as per the price list of 1995-96. Other buildings were assessed with the price of 1994-95. The year of construction was decided based on the information furnished by Ramavijayan and from the details of electrical connection. The assessment was done as per plinth area. The total value of the premises is Rs.6,40,33,901/-. In that the value of the electrical work is Rs.41,53,653/-. While assessing they took the measurements from standard data and the rates from scheduled rates. The works which are not found in the standard rates and schedule rates were decided by receiving the quotation and minimum quotation was taken into consideration.

During cross-examination, he states as under:

He has mentioned the age of the renovated building in Ex.P.645. He has deposed that the age of the renovated building is 15 years. The campus in which the building is situated is in a village (Ex.P.645). They took the Andhra Pradesh schedule rates. For new building, he took the price of the year 1995-96. This was furnished by Anti-Corruption Department. They came to know about the time of construction by Ramavijayan, agent of A-1. On that basis, it was decided that the construction was during 1995-96. With their experience, they can say the time of construction by seeing the building. They enquired the other people also. To find out about the foundation, they digged. By observing the colour change of the mixture, they ascertained the time of construction. During construction, the colour of the mixture would be cement colour. Apart from the mixture, they take the date of electrical connection. They did not get the sanction plan for the Grape Garden (Ex.P.645). They will get the electrical connection after many months or year from the date of construction. The decorative tiles are one foot length and half foot breadth. 9% is the service charge as per the Government Order. They cannot say on which date the construction was completed. The price list will be for the whole district and not for village. He has not made enquiries with the people outside the compound wall. In his assessment, service charge of Rs.2,57,220/- is also included. He included service charge of Rs.40,32,045/-. For renovation of old building, he has included service charge of Rs.4,55,448/-. He included service charge of Rs.9,860/- for centering. For Car Shed and Shed for Workers, service charge of Rs.95,080/- is included. For generator room, service charge of Rs.9,520/- is included. For Managers room, service charge of Rs.26,302/- is included. Water Tank – 27,050/-. Compound Wall- Rs.2,57,220/-.

In respect of the building at Akkarai Village, schedule rate of 1994-95 is taken. In Ex.P.644, he included service charge of Rs.1,56,164/-. He did not give the standard rates to the Police as it was a secret document. In Ex.P.644, the construction would have been completed within 31.3.1995. He decided the age of building from the date of electrical connection and enquiries by the nearby people and his experience. As per Ex.P.643, the electrical work for the building is Rs.4,75,701/-. He put the value of the construction material at Rs.17,56,596/-. In that 28.033 cubic feet Teak sticks are found. For building, he included service charge of Rs.6,49,186/-. For 24 residential buildings, he has included service charge of Rs.3,50,274/-. For the parking place, he has included service charge of Rs.56,130/-. He assessed 7.5% for inside water supply and 7.5% for sanitary work. That percentage is as per civil estimate.

In Ex.P.641, he assessed Rs.2,66,078/- for water supply and sanitary arrangement. He has included service charge of Rs.2,05,081/-.

They did find as to who is the Proprietor of Door No.L-66, Annanagar. He went to assess the value of the building. Owner was not found there. If the owner constructs the building, expenses of the building will be decreased approximately by 30%. The Entrance Gate will not be assessed by taking the weight.

The model plan which he prepared is not enclosed in Ex.P.643. Notes were also not enclosed. Ex.P.645 reveals that it has a building of age 15 years. In Hyderabad, they inspected four buildings. Among them, three buildings were constructed 15 years back. One building might have been constructed three months before the date of inspection. The assessment was not done either by practical or scientific method. They did not ask the PWD Engineers of Hyderabad for furnishing Andhra Pradesh PWD Price List. They did not take out the marble stones from the construction site to decide the price. Regarding the marble stone, they have not taken any writing from the marble merchants. They have not seen the thickness of the marble. They have not asked the expenses of doors from anybody.

PW-98 was recalled and re-examined by the learned Special Public Prosecutor and questions were posed as under:

In chief-examination, he has stated that the building covered by Ex.P.641 was constructed during 1994-95. In cross-examination, he has stated that building was constructed 5 to 6 years back. Among the two versions, which version is correct?

What he has stated in examination-in-chief is correct.

In chief-examination building covered by Ex.P.643 construction work was done during 1995-96. But in the cross-examination, construction work would have been commenced three months earlier to 28.10.1996. Among two versions, which version is correct?

What he has stated in Examination-in-chief is correct.

Referring to Ex.P.644, the witness has stated that the building constructed during 1994-95. But in the cross-examination, he has deposed that the construction would have been commenced three months prior to date of inspection. Among two versions, which version is correct?

What he has stated in Examination-in-chief is correct.

Referring to Ex.P.645, he has deposed that building was built in the year 1995-96 and 1994-95. But in the cross-examination, he has deposed that three buildings were constructed 15 years back. One building is new. The building might have construction before three months. Among these two versions, which version is correct?

What he has stated in examination-in-chief is correct.

PW.100 –Prabashkumar Reddy, Lex Property-sale of 2 apartments Rs.30,00,580/-.Tenant- Indo Masuchetti Appliances Company Ltd. At the time of sale Lex property- Rs.15,000/- pm.

PW.101 - Sheela Toni is a Tenant and paid advance of Rs.30,000/-. Rs.1,92,450 from July 1992 to April 1996.

PW.102 – Raghavan, Manager (Admn.) South India Corporation Agencies speaks about Ex.P655 – Rent agreement of Jaya Publications. The total rent paid is Rs.43,75,132/- from January, 1993 to April, 1996.

PW.103 –Srinivasan, Senior Manager-BBN Generating Company speaks about the rent paid from 1-7-95 to April 1996 of Rs.8,87,850/- and for the year 1995-96 Rs.3,47,850/- is paid.

PW.104 – Shanmugham. Vehicle on hire Swaraz Mazda hire charges Rs.25,000/- - A4, Rs.9,18,910/- - A4, Rs.35,000/- - A3, Rs.12,86,474/- - A4 from March, 1993 to March, 1996.

PW.105 – Balachandran, Company Secretary- Indo-Machcheeta Appliances Company Ltd. Rental Agreement on 04.05.1994, Monthly Rent Rs.7,500/- Lex Property- Rs.3,45,000/-.

PW.106 –Krishna Kumar Reddy sold Meadow Agro Farm.

PW.107 – Sornam, Superintendent of Engineer, PWD. There is no standard rate for decorated tiles in the price list. There are two methods to find buildings value. The detailed estimate and per square foot method are the two ways.

PW.108 – Mohanlal. A1 donated Rs.5 Lakhs to construct Silver Jubilee stage in Madurai Kamaraj University.

PW.109 – M.S.Venkataraman, who speaks about Rs.1 lakh Donation given to Music Academy.

PW.110 – K.Santhanam, whospeaks about granting compensation of Rs.14 Lakhs out of which Rs.1,00,008/- contributed by A1 from her personal fund.

PW.111 –K.N.Achuthan, who speaks about payment made through cheque for Rs.21,000/- to Sweet Meat Stall.

PW.112 – R.Venkatarama Upadyaya, who speaks about cheque issued.

PW.113 – Moshin Bijapuri, who took shop for rent from Sasi Enterprises.

PW.114 – P.V.Ravikumar, Manager-Subbarama Reddy Group of Construction.

PW.115– K.Mariappan, who speaks about machineries valuation-Anjaneya Printers- Ex.P665.

PW.116-A.Jayapaul was working as an Executive Engineer, Building Division-4, PWD, in the year 1996. His Team evaluated six buildings. The ground floor of Building No.21, Padmanabha Street, T.Nagar, had an area of 165.61 sq. meters. First floor had an area of 158.49 sq. meters. Second Floor had area of 12.49 sq. meters. Another Room plus toilet had area of 8.63 sq. meters.

Building Plan was not provided to them. Price ratio was fixed by PWD. Face of the building was fitted with ruby red granites. Sloped roof of the front portion was fitted with ornamental tiles. Flooring was done with polished high quality marble stones. Exquisite wooden structure at the entrance was made up of Teakwood. The other doors were made of plywood made from the Teakwood. Fittings of the door were of bronze. Bathroom fitted with glazed tiles. Interior and exterior building was painted with high quality paint. Compound wall was fitted with Dolpur stones. A sump was digged for storing corporation water. Grill was of a good workmanship. Footpath around the house was laid with broken marbles. 9% service charge was included for making the plan of the house and for supervising it. Electrical fittings worth 20.43 lakh was fitted. Ex.P.666 is the valuation report.

His team inspected a house at Nos.149, 150, Sriramnagar, T.T.K.Road, Chennai. It was an unfinished building. Basement area is 390.67 sq. meters. Ground floor is 486.79 sq. meters. First floor is 266.17 sq. meters. Plan was sanctioned in 1995. Construction was stopped about six months prior to inspection. 1995-96 rate was fixed for valuation. Total value of the building is 29.59 lakh.

His team took measurement for the purpose of valuation of four buildings located at Nos.1/240, New Mahabalipuram Road, Enjambakkam. Construction had taken place during 1995-96. Rate fixation was done as per the year 1995-96. Marble slabs meant for flooring was kept in campus. Door frames and window frames were kept. They included them for valuation. Overhead Tank was built. There was a well. Depth of the well was 5.75 meters. Pipelines were not fixed. The value of the four buildings was assessed at Rs.53.11 lakh. Ex.P.668 is the valuation report of four buildings.

His Team inspected two buildings located at 2/1, B-3, Seashell Avenue, Sholinganallur village. The basement area of the first building is 310.73 sq. meters. First floor area 279.79 sq. meters. Second floor area 12.4 sq. meters. Total area 602.92 sq. meters.

Second Building: Basement area – 376.72 sq. meters. First floor area – 319.68 sq. meters. Second floor area – 9.31 sq. meters. Total area – 705.71 sq. meters. Except painting, entire construction was over for two buildings. Building was of modern design. Doors, windows and almirahs were made of high-quality Teakwood. Sloping roofs were adorned with ornamental tiles. Flooring was done with expensive marbles. Bathroom fitted with high-quality ornamental glazed tiles. There were two swimming pools. Pathway was laid with broken marbles mosaic chips. Building was evaluated as per 1995-96 rate fixation list. Ex.P.669 is the valuation report and the value is Rs.80.37 lakh.

The team inspected the building at No.19, Pattammal Street, Mylapore, Chennai. They considered only renovation work for valuation. Building basement area – 42.06 sq. meters. First floor area – 42.27 sq. meters. Second floor area 23.42 sq. meters. Flooring was laid with quality marbles. Bathrooms and toilets fitted with porcelain tiles. Elevation slope roofing fitted with ornamental tiles. Front compound wall was built with unpolished granite. Garage flooring was laid with ruby red granite. Rate fixation of PWD applicable to 1993-94 was considered for valuation. Overhead tank was constructed. Electrical connections were redone. Ex.P.670 is the valuation report. Renovation cost was Rs.8 lakh.

Door No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai: The team inspected the campus. The campus had main building, newly built five storeyed building, one two-storeyed building, security quarters inside a very high compound wall. Main building was renovated completely. Newly built area of the main building was 72.27 sq. meters (777.09 sq.ft.). Newly built area on the first floor was 49.12 sq. meters (528.17 sq. ft.). Highest degree of marbles, granite stone slabs, sanitary and bathroom fittings were used. Entrance of the dining hall had very expensive sculpture carved structures. Almirahs, sofasets, tabletops were of high-quality materials. Building was raised on concrete pillars. There was cinema theatre attached to third and fourth floors. There was Conference Hall. Tables, chairs and sofas found there were of extraordinary craftsmanship. Campus had two generators of 125 K.V.A. and 62.5 K.V.A. A total of 39 air-conditioners, mini- cinema theaters, chandeliers were fixed at many places. Television set, disc antenna and other equipments were considered for evaluation. The materials used for electrical connection inside and outside were evaluated at Rs.105.25 lakh. Ex.P.671 is the valuation report and the valuation is Rs.7,24,98,000/- (Rupees Seven Crore Twenty Four Lakh and Ninety Eight Thousand only). Ex.P.672 contains building plans.

During cross-examination, he has deposed that there is a schedule rates for basic items or labour, materials, bricks, tiles, broken blackstones, ironworks, wage structure for certain works, transport charges for carrying materials, corporated related items, details regarding the materials relating to Highways Departments. Cost of the electrical goods was fixed at Rs.1,70,000/-. Cost of electrical items was checked with shops through telephone. He has not mentioned in his report. He does not know where the Electrical Engineers checked the prices of these items. There is no starting rate for the ruby redstones fixed at the Entrance, nor is there for the ornamental tiles. He states ruby red black stones were checked at RedSun and Gem Granite Company. He does not remember the dates. He does not know with whom he checked the price with. He fixed Rs.15,884/- for the ruby black granites, Rs.23,880/- for ornamental tiles and Rs.2,83,452/- for Entrance Door. Valuation of the door frames is Rs.59,210/-. There is no schedule rate for the ornamental door. He has not taken down the rates quoted by Arya Bhangy Company of ornamental doors. There is no schedule rate for brass bolts. He checked with Sabari Hardwares. He has taken down the rates they have quoted. He does not remember the date of enquiry. There is no schedule rate for high-quality porcelain tiles. Value of brass bolts is Rs.24,890/-. Value of porcelain tiles is Rs.48,427/-. There is no schedule rate for paints used inside and outside the building. The names of hardware shops cannot be specified. There is no schedule rates for Dolpur stones. There is no schedule rates for skilled labour. There is no schedule rate for grill gates. He valued the grill gates at Rs.20,102/-. There is no standard rate for landscaped lawn. He does not remember with whom he checked the rates for calculating the value of lawns. It was done orally. He has taken down. He does not have the paper. He tore it after mentioning the rates in the valuation report. Value fixed at Rs.20.43 lakh includes lawn. Rs.16,800/- was fixed for footpath with broken marbles. Service charge was fixed at Rs.1,68,675/-. Centering was not removed at certain places. Materials used for centering were damaged. Steel rods in the columns were rusted. Based on this, he concluded that the work was stopped about six months back. Pine logs used there looked older than six months. Work was stopped around April 1996. 5% margin can be given. They considered the schedule rates applicable to 1995-96. There is no item in the building which does not come under the schedule rates. Doors, windows were not fixed. Electrical goods were valued at Rs.16,414/-.

Ex.P.668 was the valuation report for the building at 1/240, Enjambakkam. Value of marble slabs were of Rs.15,38,287/-. He fixed the rate on the basis of enquiry. There is a schedule rate for Teakwood. Windowpanes and frames made for first building at Rs.41,142/-, second building Rs.41,350/-, third building Rs.58,977/-, fourth building Rs.30,036/-. The value of well was Rs.18,640/-. Service charge of 7.5% was levied. For pumphouse, service charge of Rs.2,415/- was levied. The value of 7 direct items found in Ex.P.669 are not found in the schedule rates. There are different grades of Teakwood. The rates differ. They checked with the Carpenters. For first building, the value of marble slabs was fixed at Rs.7,72,366/-. Value of ornamental curved tiles was fixed at Rs.47,903/-.

The value of the porcelain tiles fixed at the first building was Rs.79,306/- and for the Second building Rs.1,09,179/-. The value of two Swimming Pools was fixed at Rs.1,56,766/-.

An amount of Rs.29,790/- was fixed the first and Rs.26,793/- is fixed for the second. The rates of porcelain tiles were checked at Southern Sanitary Stores and noted down on a paper and torn the same after preparing the report. He cannot specify with whom he checked the rates. He has fixed Rs.12,020/- for the footpath around the first building and Rs.29,248/- for the footpath around the second building as value. With their experience, they fixed the value of small items like mosaic chips. Two buildings did not have air-conditioners or fans. There were almirahs and furniture in both the buildings. He has fixed the value at Rs.77,446/- for the first building and Rs.1,20,671/- for the second building. There is no separate schedule rates for tables and chairs. For special items, he checked outside about the making charges. He has fixed the value at Rs.97,640/- for the marbles used for the flooring. Rs.38,104/- for porcelain tiles fixed in the bathroom, Rs.13,892/- for ornamental tiles mentioned in Ex.P.670. These values were fixed after checking the rates in the market. Rs.11,640/- is the value of the unpolished blackstones used for compound wall of the front side. Rs.11,600/- is the cost for ruby red stones laid at car parking area. Rs.69,750/- is the service charges. Rs.39,440/- was the amount fixed for painting. There was no schedule rates for non-skid tiles, white cement, synthetic enamel paint, chandelier fittings. Rs.88,000/- was fixed for electrical goods. A few portions in the main building in the campus were newly constructed. Old buildings were renovated. Rs.42,37,606/- was fixed for newly built area in the old buildings. Most of the sanitarywares were of Hindustan Sanitaryware. Other fittings and pipes were of Jaguar Company. Rs.14,63,250/- is the expenditure incurred for carving down on the doors. Valuation is only for the doors fixed in the renovated parts of the main building. He checked the rates from Arya Bhangi who made door with carvings. He took the photographs. There is no evidence to show that the photographs are that of Poes Garden. The total outside area of the building is called its plinth area. The Chief Engineer has given the rates for the cost of 1 sq. meter every year. He followed the rates fixed for 1993- 94. He followed the rates of 1992-93 for the two-storeyed building. He has fixed Rs.42,63,000/- for two-storeyed building meant for vehicle parking. Rs.10,56,000/- for security quarters. Rs.6,95,000/- for compound walls. According to the building plan, the building would have been built in 1968. Building plan was sanctioned on 29.11.1968. The value of five-storeyed building is Rs.2,33,50,000/-. He noted down the rates they have quoted. Later on, he tore the same. He has fixed the value of furniture at Rs.58,59,157/-. Rs.6,77,072/- is the value fixed for artificial fountain. He asked Muruganandam, Horticultural Expert, who was working as a Contractor in Public Works Department. He noted the rates quoted and he tored the notes preparing after preparing the report. Otis lift is valued at Rs.7,70,000/-. He does not know the year of manufacture of that lift. He checked up the rates with Spencers. He noted down the rates and torn the papers. Value of iron gate is Rs.1,63,750/-. Value of electrical connection inside and outside is Rs.1,05,25,000/-. Value of 39 air-conditioners and 9 split air-conditioners is Rs.19,22,865/- (Rs.10,13,430/- + Rs.9,09,435/-). 235 mm projectors is Rs.7,51,732/-. He has fixed Rs.2,98,900/- for the sound system, light effect. There were 7 television sets in old building and 3 television sets in new building. Rs.1,96,000/- is the value of televisions. Value of dish antenna was Rs.1,83,527/-.

He prepared building plan. Building plan was not enclosed with Ex.P.666. Schedule rates of the Department was not attached to Ex.P.666. He has not made any test to know the quality of marbles and granites. In Ex.P.666, it is not mentioned that enquiry was made with the Forest Department for assessing the value of wooden structure. Ex.P.666 does not mention the number of bathrooms, length, breadth and height where the porcelain tiles were fixed, measurement of the area painted, length, breadth and height of Dolpur tiles fixed on the compound wall, length, breadth, height and weight of gate. He has not consulted the Horticulture Expert to fix the value of lawns. The value of lawns was fixed on assumption. Rs.3,347/- is fixed for sq. meters as the value of marble stones. They have not attached the source of price of valuation of wardrobes. Building owner or his representative was not present at the time of evaluation of Ex.P.667. They have not enclosed the details of length, breadth, height of building, area of ground floor and first floor in Ex.P.667. They have not seen the sanction plan of the building. The model building plan prepared by them for the measurements was not attached to Ex.P.667. Ex.P.667 does not mention the length, height, weight of the brickwall. Quality of the brickwall is also not mentioned. The report does not mention the length, breadth and height of the concrete structures. Valuation was prepared according to the schedule rates of their Department. Length and breadth of the iron beam is not mentioned in the report. The sq. meter rate is fixed according to the schedule rate of their Department. The iron rods weighed about 500 quintals. The value for the piled up marble slabs was done after taking measurements and counting them separately. They have not seen the sanctioned plan. They have not enclosed the building plan along with Ex.P.668. They have not enclosed the schedule rate of their Department along with Exs.P.666 and 672. They did not seek the opinion of the Forest Department Officials to ascertain the nature and quality of wood. Measurements of frame structure, load bearing structures were not mentioned in Ex.P.668. Construction materials used for building No.1 were not classified before valuation. The weight and rate of the crystal rods were fixed according to their own calculation. Ex.P.669 does not mention the structure of the ornamental tiles. They have estimated by them to the expensive marble slabs just by looking at them. They have not separately mentioned the measurements of the places where marble slabs are used. Porcelain fittings used for bathrooms were assessed on assumption. Broken piece marble cannot be valued. Construction materials and fixed ratios are evaluated according to the rates followed in their Department. Rates were also fixed according to their calculation. Pipes used for drinking water and sewage water and their value is fixed according to their Department rates. The report does not mention separately where the marble structures are found. The length, height and weight of the grill gates are not separately given in the report. The report does not say the kind of decorative work found on the compound wall. The length and breadth of security room is not given in the report. Though they have prepared a note before inspecting all the buildings and handed over to the Police officers, none of them is produced before the Court. All the four groups took minutes separately, but none of them were included in Ex.P.671. Owner of the building was not present when Ex.P.671 was drawn. The schedule rate of their Department was not enclosed along with Ex.P.671. Some of the old structures were in tact. Details about renovation of old building is not given in Ex.P.667. The maps enclosed along with Ex.P.671 are all copies. The plan does not show the name of the person who prepared it. None of the building plans are attached to Ex.P.672. They have not consulted the specialist in the field of brass materials while valuing them. Value of the materials found in the structures of five-storeyed building was fixed based on the schedule rates of their Department on enquiries made outside. Their inspection was based on outside observation and not based on any specific test or proof. Value of the iron used for all the items of structures was fixed based on the schedule rates.

PW.116 was recalled. Questions were put as under:

In your examination-in-Chief you have given the year of construction of various buildings covered under Exs.P.666 to P.672, but in the cross-examination you have given the contradictory statement giving the year of construction outside the check period. Which one of the version is correct?

The first version, i.e. what he has stated in the examination-in-chief is correct.

During cross-examination, he states among Ex.P.666 to P.672, he does not remember which report belongs to which building.

PW.117– R.Govindan, PW.118 – S.R.Kapoor, PW.119 –C.S.Raju, PW.120– I.Nazurullah, whospeak about machineries valuation-Anjaneya Printers- Ex.P665.

PW.121– R.Kannan, PW.122– R.Sundararaj, PW.123– R.Srinivasa Moorthy are the Officers of the Commissioner of Tax Department.

PW.124 – Ethindra Babu, Special Officer, Finance; he speaks about salary of Rs.1 per month taken by A1.

PW.125 – Vasudevan, Assessing Officer.

PW.126 – Krishnamoorthy, Assistant Commissioner- Mahazar witness.

PW.127 –A.Rajeshwari, who speaks about Ex.P717-sale deed.

PW.128 –Balakrishnan, Assistant Secretary speaks about TNHB allotted plot to A3.

PW.129 – Namaji, who speaks about sales and repairs of watches Kani and Sons.

PW.130 – Maran, who speaks about assessment of watches.

PW.131 – Jerald Wilson, Quality Controller, Tamil Nadu Leather Development Corporation, who speaks about valuation of slippers and shoes.

PW.132 – Fortune Eban Leelavathy, District Registrar, Central Chennai District Registration Office. He speaks about Registration of Purachi Thalivar Doctor MGR Trust- A1, Vigneswara Builders, M/s. Les Property Development Private Ltd., Lakshmi Constructions, Gopal Promoters, Sakthi Constructions, Namashivaya Housing Development Company, Iyappa Property Development Company, Sea Enclave Navashakti Contractors and Builders, Oceanic Constructions, Green Garden Apartments-A2 to A4.

PW.133 – R.Chengalvarayan, Manager, (Power loan silk division) Co-optex Regional Office. He speaks about quality and price of silk sarees. He deposed that there were 914 silk sarees, chudidhars, nighties altogether 6195 sets. Age of the sarees has not mentioned.

PW.134– Rajendran, Audio Visual Recorder, Crime Division, Chennai-2.

PW.135 –Parthasarathy, Camera Man.

PW.136 –M.Krishnamoorthy, Joint Sub-Registrar. He speaks about Exs.P648, 649 and 650.

PW.137 – Tajudeen, who speaks about Ex.P769-sale deed in respect of Sasi Enterprises. He also speaks about selling of land in Shop No.80 as per Ex.P770. Ex.P646 is the sale deed.

PW.138– S.Rajagopal, who speaks about Ex.P646 sale deed.

PW.139 – S.K.Venkat Rao, Seller. A4-Ilavarasi purchased the property as guardian for Master Vivek, Minor as per Ex.P771.

PW.140 – Sivasankar, Seller, who sold the property as per Ex.P.772. Purchaser-Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd.

PW.141 –M.Swaminathan, Seller, sold wet land in Ciruthavur to Sudhakaran-A3.

PW.142 – Kannamani, who speaks about Tamil Nadu Small Scale Industry Development Corporation. Ex.P773.

PW.143 –V.E.Geethalakshmi, Upgraded Deputy Secretary.

PW.144 – Veerabahu, Special Chief Engineer(PWD). He deposed that the building constructed during 1992-93. The assessment value found in Ex.P.782 will not be suitable for the constructions made since 1990

PW.145 – Chittibabu, who speaks about the curtains putting in front of the screen in theatre.

PW.146 – Kishore, Chief Engineer, Recording Section. He speaks about the installation of the projection equipments and the sound system in the theatre constructed.

PW.147 – Madanlal, Seller, Garden Sarees.

PW.148 –Mohan. He made seat covers.

PW.149 – M. Thiagarajan, Executive Engineer, Tamil Nadu Electricity Board. He speaks about supply of electricity.

PW.150 – Chandran, Manager of Tamil Nadu Small Scale Industries Development Corporation. He speaks that he did not allot the 3 storeyed building.

PW.151 – Manzoor Ahamod, Manager of Tamil Nadu Small Scale Industries Development Corporation. He speaks about cancellation of allotment of four granted land.

PW.152 – Selvaraj, who speaks about that A1 took permission for MLA office, subsequently, vacated.

PW.153 – V.Baskaran has deposed that he was working as Superintendent Engineer in Tamil Nadu Public Works Department, construction Division (Taluk-I) and retired on 30.6.1999. From 1993 to 1997, he worked as Executive Engineer in P.W.D. Construction Division at Tanjoovur. Since he worked in Public Works Department for about 35 years, he had good experience about buildings, expenditure on buildings and assessment of buildings.

An order was issued by P.W.D Chief Engineer on 20.11.96 to assess buildings in the premises of Ramraj Rice Mill in Vandal Playa, Nannilam Taluk, A.T. Panneer Selvam District. Kaliyappan, Assistant Executive Engineer, Karunakaran, Assistant Engineer, Manian, Junior Engineer and Rajaraman, Electrical Engineer were appointed to assist him. From 27.11.96 to 29.11.96, they inspected all the buildings and took measurements. Then, they prepared the assessment. On the basis of the respective year of construction and the schedule rate of PWD, they prepared the assessment for

1) A.C.C godown built in 1991-1992.

2) Workers Quarters constructing of ground floor – 5 houses and 1st floor – 5 houses built in 1994-95.

3) 2nd workers quarters consisting of 10 houses in ground floor and 10 houses in I floor and a guesthouse on the first floor and the platforms. Besides, they prepared the assessment for the compound wall build in 8 houses for the workers and a residential bungalow for the Managing Directors.

For all the buildings, they submitted separate civil assessment and the electrical assessment. The Assistant Engineer Electrical prepared the assessment for electrical work and was duly verified by him and submitted. Ex.P.822 is the assessment report submitted by him. The total value for all the buildings for Civil Work – Rs.139.56 lakhs.

For Electrical Work – Rs.10.734 lakhs

Total of Rs.150.294 lakhs. He has assessed for the buildings constructed during 1991-92, for the civil work Rs.9.6 lakhs.

For Electrical Work - Rs.0.086 lakhs

And a total of - Rs.9.686 lakhs

For the buildings constructed during 1994-95, for Civil Work was Rs.51.48 lakhs

For Electrical Work Rs. 5.718 lakhs

Total Rs.57.198 lakhs

For the buildings constructed during 1995-96

For Civil Work Rs.78.48 lakhs

For electrical work Rs. 4.93 lakhs

Total Rs.83.41 lakhs

He has sent his reports and the documents to the Anti Corruption officers personally.

During the cross-examination of A1 and A2, their Chief Engineer issued a written order to inspect and assess the above mentioned buildings, Kaliappan, the Assistant Executive Engineer, Karunakaran, the Assistant Engineer, Manian the Junior Engineer and an electrical Engineer, he does not remember their names who assisted him. They did the digging work and the other works. They were from the mill they had not given any requisition letter asking for assistance. The copy of the Chief Engineers order was given to each one in the group. The above mill was at the distance of approximately 70 k.m from Tanjoor. They commuted daily and returned at night. They did know personally to whom that mill belongs to before inspection. He has seen that mill while passing through that way. The above mentioned mill is in the outskirts of Vandampalayam village. He has not written the survey number of the village and where the mill is situated in his report. He has not mentioned in his report, whom they contacted to assess and whose permission was sought to inspect the building. On the first day a Police Inspector came with them, court order was not issued to them to inspect the place, nor any of the group members applied to get the court order. During the 3 days of inspection, no untoward incidents occurred. When asked for the plan, they told them that they did not have the plan and the plan had not been approved. He asked for the plan orally and they also replied orally. It was not done in writing. They have not prepared the notes of proceedings for that. He does not know that which Panchayat Union that building comes under. He did not find out in writing about the plan approval of the building either from the village officer or Panchayat Union. They have not done any test in the laboratory. They did only a Physical test. They informed them that they could appoint engineers in writing on behalf of them, they did not inform them in writing. Mr.Kaliyappan, Mr.Karunakaran and Mr.Manian are Civil Engineers. They have not brought any metallurgy engineers with them. The electrical engineer belonged to our Public Works Department only. He did not work under his personal supervision. In those buildings, workers quarters (30 residences – in 2 buildings) godown, a guest house in the 1st floor and the compound wall were completely done. In the bungalow for the Managing Director, 2 twin houses and a house of quarters, electrical fittings were not fixed and the final coat of the painting was also not done. As the above mentioned details were not needed to be mentioned, he did not mention about them in his report. Their reports were written in 2 different (ink pens). The Assistant Engineer Karunakaran wrote that report. In the report, it was written as for the subsequent year and it was struck and corrected as “Respective” in different ink.

Electrical work is also added afterwards in different ink. On 3.2.97 he has signed in their report. The building are inspected is a modern Rice Mill. He had worked for 5 years in Tanjoor. When he was working as an Executive Engineer in Tanjoor, Vandam palayam was under his jurisdiction. He went from palani joined duty in Tanjoor in 1998. He did not find out for how many years the above mentioned will was functioning. He had not inspected the license for the above mentioned rice mill. He heard that the above modern rice mill had been there since 1985, as an ordinary mill. He came to know when the building was constructed from local people and from his experience, and mentioned in the report. Moreover, he came to know about it from one of the residents from the quarters. He has not found out and written his name. He did not enquire whether the buildings were constructed by the owners or by the contractors. He did not prepare the electrical estimation. During inspection, they went on noting down details then and there. The Assistant Engineer Mr.Karuakaran prepared the plan (sketch) and notes under his supervision. He does not remember that how many pages of notes were written. It was written in about 6 or 7 sheets. The notes were written on both the pages of the papers. The papers got over.

They have not given the notes taken during the inspection to the police. The notes were not enclosed with Ex.P.822. He valued on the basis of Public Work Departments rate. This rate differs from one district to another. They have fixed separate PWD rate for each and every district. For each district the PWD fixes rates for about 40 items. Bricks, black stones (granites) and Jally are under these 40 items. Cement and Steel do not come in that list. The rate for cement and steel will be fixed by the Superintendent Engineer. From his experience, he knew the rate of 40 items fluctuate. Every year, the PWD fixes the rates.

Every financial year, i.e. every March the rates are fixed and the PWD will issue order to implement it from April of that year. The fixed rate will be followed up to March next year. Every year the rates will be published in writing by the Superintendent Engineer. The published reports, regarding the rate fixed by the Superintendent Engineer was not enclosed with Ex.P.822. The fluctuation in the open market for these 40 items will not affect this report. If once the rate is fixed, this should be followed for the whole year. The wages given to petty labourers, Mason and the other workers will differ from place to place for male and female. He did not see the property tax receipt to find out the owner of the building. In Ex.P.822, in page 17 they have mentioned about the places, from where sand, jally and brick can be obtained. The quarries for jally and sand are recognized by the Revenue Department. He told him that on this basis only the above mentioned things will be obtained. In page No.17, the places mentioned as ‘Source are recognized by the Revenue Department. He had assumed that the things mentioned would have been purchased in the places found in Ex.P.822, page no.17, he did not enquire to find from where the buildings materials, were purchased because they did not need that information. He has fixed the rates as per the PWD rates. They have not shown their assessment to anybody there to find their views. They have not enquired whether the buildings were constructed by the owners or contractors.

The builders can procure bricks from their own brick klin. Otherwise they can purchase the bricks, sand and jally from the places of their choice. He does not know personally that from where they purchased sand, jally, cement and steel for this building. He does not know that whether their own vehicles were used to transport the building materials. He does not know that who is the license holder for this modern rice mill. He does not know that who is paying the property tax and where it is paid? The PWD rates are, the price list prepared to collect tender for Government buildings. The contractors include the profit in the tender. The price list published by the Superintendent Engineers is not for our convenience. They will publish the price list only after finding out the rates from the statistical departments, and from the completed buildings for the existing year whether the value is more or less. With these informations and the consultation with related engineers only, the price list will be published. The contractors also can represent their association. But they do not join. If they joined, they sent in writing their views regarding the fixation of price. They went there for 3 days to collect the basic information to assess these buildings. Ex.P.822 does not have the details, on which date, which building was inspected. On which date, which building was inspected is also not mentioned in Ex.P.822. He was an Executive Engineer, his higher officer is Superintendent Engineer. In those times, if the construction was done for more than 5 lakhs, the Superintendent Engineer would supervise personally. The assessment report, prepared for the buildings values more than 5 lakhs will be sent to the Superintendent Engineer for approval. The superintendent Engineer did not inspected Ex.P.822 report. It is not necessary also. The assessment report Ex.P.822 is not sent to the Superintendent Engineer. He submitted this personally to the Prevention of Corruption and Anti Corruption police. He gave the report Ex.P.822 to the Assistant Superintendent, Tanjoor, Ex.P.822 was not sent to the Chief Engineer. But he was informed that it has been sent to the police. The Chief Engineer only ordered them to prepare the assessment. He has not tested the sand, chemical test was not done with sample taken by digging and scrabbling the walls. The items which were not in these 40 items in PWD rates are also found in these buildings. The rates of the items which are not under the 40 items will be fixed separately by the Superintendent Engineer and gave him more list. As per that only he assessed. Depending on the structure of the building and the nature of the usage, sand, cement and jally mixture and the ratio of the mixture will differ. In Ex.P.822, he has given the ratio of the mixture only on assumption. He has mentioned the ratio of mixture, as followed in practice. The ratio of mixture for wall, and floor are given from his experience and observation. He does not know that how many people are manufacturing bricks in Thiruvaroor. He does not know that how many people are Manufacturing jally in Thuvakudy. He does not know that the license holders are quarry sand in Koriyar.

He did not enquire in the above mentioned places about who has supplied the building materials. He does not know that from whom and where the basic things were purchased to construct these buildings. As the water supply and sewerage were concealed, he considered those rates as per PWD norms. These rates could be either more or less. The details of the sanitary fittings and the names of the companies were not mentioned in Ex.P.822. During his lifetime service, he was in construction of Government buildings and assessment works. Most of the times, he worked in the construction division. He does not have any rights in assess private buildings. In his service, he did not have any chance of assessing private buildings. During his Government service, he has not involved in making plans for private buildings.

The Assistant Engineer-Karunakaran and the Junior Engineer-Manian prepared the original and their assistants might have prepared the fair copies. That is only found in Ex.P.822. He does not know that who has written the Ex.P.822 in the court. In Ex.P.822 there is no signature found in the papers from 11 to 15, Likewise in page 17, Pages from 19 to 41, Pages 43 to 45, Pages 47 to 60, Pages 63 to 74, Pages 77 to 84, Page 87, Pages 89 to 91, Page 93, Pages 95 to 121, Pages 123 to 129, Page 131, Pages 133 to 145, Pages 147 to 161, Pages 163 to 180, Pages 183 to 185, Page 187, Pages 189 to 216, Pages 219 to 223.

In Ex.P.822, he has estimated a total of Rs.10 lakhs for water supply and sanitary ware. For this, he has calculated 7.59 of the total value. The length and width of the tapes were not given because the taps were fixed in the wall. They have not measured the length and breadth of tapes which were visible. The number of sanitary ware was also not mentioned. Ex.P.822 in page 207, he has calculated Rs.2 for each screw and fixed Rs.8/- for 4 screws. For 4 wood plugs fixed in the wall, he has estimated Rs.8/-. That is made of teak wood. He has put Rs.250/- for a mirror of 1 ½ feet height and 2 feet length. This is the price in the year 1994. He has put Rs.150/- for towel rod. In Ex.P.822, the tabular form 2 to 8 in page 274 is written in pen and the others in carbon. The rate of electrical fittings were also fixed at the rate of the PWD. The wires having different gauge measurements were used. He has considered the PWD rate for each wire. Except out 4 engineers they have not taken any other persons for inspection. The guest house which he has mentioned in the 1st examination is the guest room in the 1st floor. When he was working there, he has seen the buildings constructed during 1995-96. When he went that side. Ex.P.822 he has mentioned the year of constructing that building. While construction, he has not gone and seen them personally. With local enquiry and his experience he has mentioned the age of the buildings in Ex.P.822. The local enquiry was not taken in writing by the concerned persons. He does not know that the hours of the enquired persons, fathers name, age and address. He has not taken anything in writing from the village officers.

Like that, he has not taken anything in writing from either the P.D.O. Officer or Panchayat Board President. Ex.P.822 did not have the details about who has seen which building, took measurement for assessment. The letter came from the Chief Engineer is X-20 (This letter was taken from the file brought by the accused and notified as X-20)

As per X-20, 2 groups were formed to assess. The other group did not inspect the buildings inspected by them. They inspected the other buildings. The letter X-20 did not have the details which group should inspect which buildings. It is mentioned that if any delay in this will be viewed seriously. On 23.11.96, he received the letter X- 20. 4 or 5 days after receiving the letter, they started the inspection. If the letter X-20 would not have come, he would not have done the above mentioned work. As mentioned in X-20 letter, he went and saw the Police Additional Superintendent Mr. Shanmuga Velanelli. He only told us to prepare the assessment for these buildings after inspection. The Group-I prepared the assessment report or few buildings in Tanjore. He did this work on ‘On duty. They received T.A. and D.A. from the Government. The above work is not only ‘on duty but also ‘special duty. The PWD has a separate subordinate service rules. It is wrong to say that as per the police instruction, he has assessed at for more value and prepared the report Ex.P.822 and that the values found in Ex.P.822 is not a real value.

Ex.P.822, pages 247 was prepared before the information came from the Electrical Engineer. After receiving the reports, column 2 to 8 items were written in pen. After assessing each item, it is signed in the last page of the report.

During the cross-examination, he has stated that in Ex.P.822 the assessment date is not mentioned. After assessment, the report was sent within 3 months. They have not seen the approved plan for the assessed buildings. For the purpose of the assessment they have prepared a model plan, keeping in mind the floor.

This model plan will not have side wall, elevation door and the measurements of the windows. On the 1st day of assessment, they came to know about the details of buildings. On the 2nd day they took the measurements for about 2 hours and assessed the buildings. 3rd day also they took 2 hours. 3rd day they took the measurements and they fixed the amount of assessment at the office. On 3.2.97, they fixed assessment rate in the report and sent that report on 4.2.97 during our assessment time, no other individuals were with them. But inspector Rangarajan from Tanjore was with them. No police officers from Chennai were there. They did not assess either, through test in laboratory or through scientific methods. The order for the assessment is also not submitted. The Chief Engineer sent a letter to send the assessment report on 7.1.97 to them. The assistant Engineer Rajaram who has come with them to assess the electrical work was the junior most engineers from his department. The assessment made by the electrical engineer should be approved by his higher officer after verification. But in Ex.P.822, the report was neither verified nor approved by the higher officer of the electrical engineer. Their engineers had neither the right to assess nor value the electrical works. They have not mentioned the name and the details of the persons who were enquired to find out the date of construction of those buildings. The people whom they enquired told them different values. Our assessment report was prepared on the basis of information received from outsiders. The inspected buildings might have been constructed before 1991 also. The new buildings which they inspected were incomplete and these new constructions might have been constructed a few months before our inspection. The PWD price assessment list is not enclosed with Ex.P.

They have not differentiated and assessed in Ex.P.822 whether it is under price list or not. The Ex.P.822 did not have the details of how and from which place, and in which shop, the prices were found out. The price was not prepared as per the open market price list. The price of the things cannot be permanent. If the year of construction differed, the assessment rate also would differ. In Ex.P.822, the amount of wear and tear is not mentioned. During their inspection, the compound wall was not constructed completely. As the steel things could not be weighed, they have assessed those on their assumption. If the owner of the building, personally, purchased the things, 25% of expense will be lesser than their assessed amount.

Even if it is said that the 1st item in Ex.P.822 was built in the year 1991-92, this might have been constructed in 1989-90. Like that the items 2 and 3 found in Ex.P.822 would have been constructed, 2 or 3 months before their inspection.

During their inspection, they have taken the notes of proceedings in 1 quire note book, about 100 pages. But the note book was not enclosed in their report. The plan, the design preparation and the amount for supervision mentioned in their report is also on their assumption. The drinking water connections were not seen outside. Regarding this drinking water connection also they have fixed the value on their assumption. In the same way the sanitary items were also assessed. They have not calculated the total length and total measurement of pipes for water connection. The steel pipes were also assessed on assumption. The police did not enquire and take his deposition. Though, he has signed regarding the electrical works, he was not responsible for its assessment.

PW-153 was recalled and re-examined by the learned Special Public Prosecutor and questions were posed as under:

Q: In your examination in chief you have given the year of construction of building 1991-92, 1994-95 and 1995-96 but, in your cross-examination dated 24.12.2002 you have stated that. Even if it stated that the first item in Ex.P.822 was built in the year 1991-92, this might have been constructed in 1989-90. Like that the items 2 and 3 found in Ex.P822 would have been constructed 2 or 3 months before our inspection”. Among the two versions which one is the correct?

A: The earlier version i.e. which is stated in my examination in chief is correct.

Q: In 2000 October the deposition recorded read over then accepted it as correct and signed it likewise in 2002 also your deposition was read over by the court you accepted as correct then signed it?

A: During the first examination i.e. in the year 2000 my deposition has been read over accordingly I accepted it as correct and signed it but, so far as the deposition in the year 2002 is concerned I was not permitted to go through the deposition, I was asked to sign the same in the presence of the learned counsel for the accused.

It is not correct to say today on account of compulsion I have given such evidence.

PW.154 –Kamal Batcha. He supplied provisions to A1 and A2.

PW.155 – Subburaj, Manager of Keerthi Lal Kalidas and Company Jewellers- He speaks about the valuation of jewellery and important things.

PW.156 – Mohandas, Company Secretary, M/s. Kothari Orient Finance Limited. He speaks about fixed deposit.

PW.157 – S.R.Elangovan speaks about Namadhu MGR.

PW.158 – G.N.Gopalarathinam, Chartered Accountant.

PW.159 -Rajagopalan has deposed that in the year 1993, he waspromoted as Assistant Chief Registrar of Registration Department. Firstly, he took charge as Assistant Chief Registrar, North Chennai, District Registrar Office. North Chennai Registrar Office has power to register the documents from all the States except Jammu and Kashmir. In North Chennai District, six Sub-Registrars worked under him. The Administration and Documentation power was given to him as an Assistant Chief Registrar of the District. Jayaraman spoke to him over telephone and asked him to come to the house of the then Chief Minister. Accordingly, he went there. He has registered the documents in favour of J.Elavarasi, V.N.Sudhakaran and Sasikala.

He has further deposed that his higher officer is Iyer. He was DIG Registration in the year 1994. He directed him to discharge the duties within the framework of law. Accordingly, he discharged his duties. He has visited the Poes Garden nearly 20-25 times with regard to registration of documents. He has further deposed that he contacted Siva – Real Estate Agent over phone. He told in Thirunelveli about 200 acres of red soil land was available for sale, the interested person can approach. Siva told him that the lands are in Cheerakulam and Vellakulam, then he enquired about the details of the price. He told him that per acre the price was from Rs.4,000/- to Rs.5,000/- according to the land. The documents registered were through the Power of Attorney Holder. Some of the documents were registered in the name of the Company and some were registered in the name of the persons. The document registered in the name of the company does not indicate from which Bank, the sale consideration amount was drawn. From which Bank, the purchaser has taken the draft. Sometimes representative names were there. Most of the documents which he registered are related to the companies. He has not registered the documents illegally. If the conditions are correct and if the valuation is according to the guidelines, then only he registered. For doing registration, there is no need for the purchaser to come to the Registration Office. Sometimes, without the knowledge of the purchaser, there are chances for registration of the land. Third accused has not come to their registration office once.

The deposition of this witness runs to about 100 pages. Therefore, relevant sale deeds statements have been made and they are as follows:

EXHIBITSPROPERTIESVALUE IN RS.
Ex.P13710 acres, 41 cents, Sirudavur1,90,000.00
Ex.P12211.85 acres, Sirudavur village1,90,000.00
Ex.P13811.28 acres, Sirudavur village1,90,000.00
Ex.P12310.86 acres, Sirudavur village1,80,000.00
Ex.P13910.78 acres, Sirudavur village1,70,000.00
Ex.P1247.44 acres, Sirudavur village1,10,000.00
Ex.P9053.30 acres, Sirudavur village82,500.00
Ex.P90634 cents, Eenjamabakkamvillage1,07,000.00
Ex.P90734 cents, Eenjabakkam village1,07,000.00
Ex.P908Ex.P908 34 cents, Eenjambakkamvillage1,07,000.00
Ex.P79Luz Church road, Mylapore1,87,000.00
Ex.P32453 acres, 66 cents, Serakulamvillage1,07,320.00
Ex.P753 acres, 51 cents,Karumkuripallam Village1,40,000.00
Ex.P764 acres, 52 cents,Karumkuripallam Village1,80,000.00
Ex.P774.15 acres, KarumkuripallamVillage1,64,000.00
Ex.P784.15 acres, KarumkuripallamVillage1,64,000.00
Ex.P7711.50 Acres, Siradavur village39,000.00
Ex.P464830 sq.ft. thiruvankulamnagar colony, Ambattur1,90,000.00
Ex.P12537 cents, vettuvakami village1,10,000.00
Ex.P965.80 acres, Payyanur village1,00,000.00
EX.P.97EX.P.97 3.52 acres, payyanur village1,95,000.00
Ex.P985.28 acres, Payyanur village1,95,000.00
Ex.P9940 cents, Payyanur village1,60,000.00
Ex.P10040 cents, Payyanur village1,70,000.00
Ex.P1012.76 acres, Payyanur1,50,000.00
Ex.P1024.23 acres, Payyanur village1,50,000.00
Ex.P10351 cents, Payyanur village1,90,000.00
Ex.P683197 sq.ft. Arumbakkamvillage,7,50,000.00
Ex.P693197 sq.ft, Arumbakkamvillage,7,50,000.00
Ex.P704564 sq.ft. parameshwarinagar, Adyar30,00,000.00
Ex.P33073.90 Acres, Serakulamvillage1,47,800.00
Ex.P33969.7 acres, Serakulam village1,39,560.00
Ex.P345Ex.P345 60.65 acres, SerakulamVillage1,21,310.00
Ex.P35042.31 acres, MeerankulamVillage84,620.00
Ex.P35134.81 ½ acres, VallakulamVillage69,630.00
Ex.P909Ex.P909 50 cents, SolinaganallurVillage2,50,000.00
Ex.P16112.70 acres, OothukaduVillage1,27,000.00
Ex.P291Ex.P291 14.42acres, Oothukadu village1,44,200.00
Ex.P1488.60 acres, Oothukadu village86,000.00
Ex.P3636.98 acres, Kalvi village13,960.00
Ex.P36655 ½ acres, VallaKulam village1,10,010.00
Ex.P37757.1 acres, VallaKulam village1,14,020.00
Ex.P38889.62 acres. VallaKulamVillage1,79,240.00
Ex.P39680 acres, VallaKulam village1,61,910.00
Ex.P40871.5 acres, Serakulam village1,51,400.00
Ex.P41968.9 ½ acres, MeenakulamVillage1,36,190.00
Ex.P43178.9 ½ acres, Meenakulamvillage1,56,190.00
Ex.P5134293 sq.ft. Abdulla road38,00,000.00
Ex.P5152650 sq.ft, 69, Habibullahroad52,00,000.00
Ex.P44348.95 acres, SerakulamVillage97,000.00
Ex.P450Ex.P450 54.98 acres, Vallakulamvillage1,09,960.00
Ex.P45662.65 acres, Meenakulamvillage1,25,300.00
Ex.P1433.11 acres, VandanapalaiVillage62,200.00
Ex.P1444.44 acres, VandanapalaiVillage88,800.00
Ex.P1456.50 acres, VandanapalaiVillage1,30,000.00
Ex.P1468.91 acres, VandanapalaiVillage1,78,200.00
Ex.P7723.84 acres, VandanapalaiVillage7,68,000.00
Ex.P1656 acres, Oothukadu village60,000.00
Ex.P17211.66 acres, Oothukadu village1,16,600.00
Ex.P1478.10 acres, Vandam PalaiVillage1,62,000.00
Ex.P179-96,500.00
Ex.P18010.29 acres, OothukaduVillage1,02,900.00
Ex.P46716.51 acres, SerakulamVillage33,020.00
Ex.P47230.75 acres, VallakulamVillage67,500.00
Ex.P.47751.40 acres, MeerankulamVillage1,02,800.00
Ex.P48859.82 acres, MeerankulamVillage1,19,640.00
Ex.P1848.32 acres, OOthukudu Village83,200.00
Ex.P19086.5 acres, Oothukudu Village86,500.00
Ex.P153Ex.P153 1.8 acres, Oothukudu Village10,800.00
Ex.P1541.8 acres, Oothukudu Village10,800.00
Ex.P1551.80 acres, Oothukudu Village18,000.00
Ex.P15611.25 acres, OothukuduVillage1,12,500.00
Ex.P1976 acres, 40 ½ cent64,050.00
Ex.P1051219.79 sq.meter, 1/1, LuzAvenue, Mylapore9,00,000.00
Ex.P1061219.79 sq.meter, 1/1, LuzAvenue, Mylapore9,00,000.00
Ex.P1071219.79 sq.meter, 1/1, LuzAvenue, Mylapore9,00,000.00
Ex.P1081219.79 sq.meter, 1/1, LuzAvenue, Mylapore9,00,000.00
Ex.P109Ex.P109 1219.79 sq.meter, 1/1, LuzAvenue, Mylapore9,00,000.00
Ex.P1101219.79 sq.meter, 1/1, LuzAvenue, Mylapore9,00,000.00
Ex.P13511 cents, Neelankarai Village6,80,000.00
Ex.P136Ex.P136 11 cents, Neelankarai Village8,20,000.00
Ex.P717Ex.P717 26740 sq.ft house, V.O.CNagar, Thanjavoor11,00,000.00
Ex.P2077 acres, 11 ½ cents.Oothukadu Village71,150.00
Ex.P21415.71 acres, OothukuduVillage1,57,100.00
Ex.P2219.50 acres, Oothukudu Village95,000.00
Ex.P91020.33 acres, OothukuduVillage1,45,000.00
Ex.P91120.89 acres, OothukuduVillage1,45,000.00
Ex.P1042.3 acres, Payyanoor Village3,04,500.00
Ex.P9122.31 acres, Payyanoor Village3,46,500.00
Ex.P9131.86 ½ acres, PayyanoorVillage2,84,000.00
 
PW.160 – R.Bhavani, Deputy Manager, Indian Bank. He speaks about Rs.1.50 Crores sanctioned to Jaya Publications.

PW.161 – R. Ramesh, Assistant Manager, Indian Bank.

PW.162 – N.Subramanian, Senior Manager, Canara Bank.

PW.163 – H.Srinivasa Rao, Sub-Registrar, Mareepaly, Hyderabad.

PW.164 – H.Prabhakaran, Chief Manager, Central Bank of India, Mumbai. He speaks about the interest paid Rs.3,17,781/- for the period from 1.7.91 to 30.4.1996

PW.165 – K.R.Latha, Horticultural Officer, Rangareddy District, Andhra Pradesh. She speaks about the grape garden. Two varies of grape garden, they are Anab-e-Shahi grapes and another one is Seedless grapes. She has seen 1266 plants in 1.84 acres in the above said garden for seedless grapes.

PW.166 – P.Konda Reddy, Assistant Director of Horticulture. Evaluations are only approximate and probable one subject to higher or lower variations.

PW.167 – P.R.Kesavan, Seller of silk sarees, silk dhoti, silk skirts, clothers for pant and shirts, silk blouse pieces. Textile worth of Rs.4,84,712.80/-.

PW.168 – S.K.R.Viswanathan, who sold the immovable property.

PW.169 – R.Krishnamoorthy, who speaks about service register of Thiru M. Nadarajan.

PW.170 – R. Jayaraman, Village Administrative Officer. There is no land in the name of Natarajan, S/o. Saminathan.

PW.171 – Mohammed Yousuff, Village Administrative Officer. He speaks about land details of Krishnaveni.

PW.172 – Shanmugaiah, Junior Engineer, Tamil Nadu Electricity Board.

PW.173 – Gopal Rao, Senior Manager, Canara Bank. Prior to check period, loan of Rs.2,20,000/- granted to Jaya Publications.

PW.174 – S. Mani, Sub-Division Manager, Tamil Nadu Consumer Good Trading Corporation. He has received a message that due to electrical shock Thiru Jayaraman was died. All the benefits after his death were distributed to his wife accused No.4 and his children.

PW.175 – M. Kuppusamy, Senior Manager, Indian Bank. He speaks about fixed deposit of Rs.13,000/- each kept in favour of Selvi Shakeela and Selvan Vivek.

PW.176 – N. Balakrishnan, Deputy Chief Officer, Indian Bank. He speaks about loan of Rs.1,50 Crores released in favour of Tansi Enterprises.

PW.177– Shanmugha Sundaram, who speaks about loan application of Tmt. Gunapasini for a sum of Rs.3.75 Crores. On request of Gunapasini, they changed the loan liability to A2, A3 and A4 since they became share holders.

PW.178 –Arumugam, Press Photographer. He speaks about the photos taken in the marriage of A3. He received a cheque of Rs.54,660/- by A1.

PW.179 –Srihari has deposed that he was running a jewellery shop in the name of Vummidi Bangaru Chetti Trust at No.11, Nageswara Rao Road, Panagal Park, T.Nagar, Chennai. He was one of the trustees in that jewellery shop. His brother V.Sudhakaran is also another trustee. They have been running the above jewellery shop since 1972. Now and then they would submit Income Tax returns of Ummidi Bangaru Chetti Trust. They were doing business of gold jewellery, diamond jewellery, silver jewellery and silver vessels 75% of the jewellery, they were selling by placing ordersfrom outside. The letter V.B.C.D. will be embossed on all the jewellery sold from their shop which indicates their shop names. In addition they would give gold to M. Ramalingam of Kovai and he would make jewel according to the design they specify. Likewise would give gold to 7 or 8 people for making jewels at Bombay. They would also get jewels made for them from Dharwar of Karnataka State. When they make jewels some of them would emboss their marks. They would emboss their marks on the jewels after they received it. He was a recognized jewellery assesser appointed by Central Government. He assessed Selvi Jayalalithas jewels in the year 1975 Selvi Jayalalitha has purchased jewels from his shop after he assessed her jewels in 1975. When Selvi Jayalalitha was the Chief Minister her representatives contracted through telephone later purchased jewels from his shop. Selvi Jayalalithas representatives contacted them over phone and purchased gold jewels, diamond jewels and silver articles for Selvi Jayalalitha. They paid money for the jewels they purchased. They never asked for receipt. So they never gave them receipts when Selvi Jayalalitha was Chief Minister he assessed and certified the jewels for the purpose of Income Tax which was sent by her. He has mentioned in detail in the certificate particulars about gold jewels and diamond jewels quantity, weight and its value. The certificates bears signature. Once they made one Diamond Ottiyanam (Daboo-Hipbelt) for Tmt.Sasikala to make the sent approximately 250 diamonds. They entrusted the work of making ottiyanam to one Vedamurthy, gold smith along with Diamonds and gold entrusted to them by Tmt.Sasikala. On completion of the making of ottiyanam they handed it over to Tmt.Sasikalaand received their making charges. When they assessed, when Selvi Jayalalithas sent her jewellery for assessment they did not accompany with receipts relating to those jewellery. The Prevention of Corruption Department officials enquired him. They enquired him about the assessment certificates issued by him. They showed him the seizure list of the jewels from the house of Selvi Jayalalitha and enquired him. After revising the seizure list of the jewels he has marked the jewels which figured in his assessment certificate. Today he has brought the copies of the assessment certificate to the court on 31.3.91. He prepared jewels assessment report of Selvi Jayalalitha. It contains 4 pages. On the same day he prepared another jewels assessment report schedule II containing 2 pages of Selvi Jayalalitha. On 16.1.92 he has prepared jewels assessment report contained 2 pages for Selvi Jayalalitha. On 31.3.92, he prepared 3 pages jewel assessment report for Selvi Jayalalitha. On 31.3.91, he prepared 2 pages jewel assessment report for Tmt.N.Sasikala. On that same date he prepared 1 page schedule-2 jewel assessment report for Tmt.N.Sasikala on 16.1.92 he prepared 2 pages jewel assessment report for Tmt.N.Sasikala. Schedule-1 refers to gold jewels Schedule-2 refers to diamond jewels, and also precious diamond stones jewels.

Approximately 58 items jewels which figured in his assessment certificate were in the list of jewellery from seized Selvi Jayalalithas house by police. Ex.P1010 contained 4 pages certificate which he assessed jewels for Selvi Jayalalitha on 31.3.1991. In that 62 items jewels are there. It was belongs to schedule-I category. Ex.P1011 contained 2 pages report which he assessed 24 items for Selvi Jayalalitha on that same date. It belongs to schedule-II category. Ex.P1012 contained 2 pages assessment report which he assessed 26 item jewels for Selvi Jayalalitha on 16.1.92. Ex.P1013 contained 3 pages report which assessed 41 item jewels for Selvi Jayalalitha on 31.3.92. Ex.P1014 contained 2 pages assessment report for 46 item jewels assessed by him for Tmt.N.Sasikala on 31.3.91 and category belongs to schedule-I Ex.P1015 contain 1 page assessment report for 16 item jewels assessed by him for Tmt.N.Sasikala on that same date. Ex.P1016 contained 2 pages assessment report which he assessed 34 item jewels for Tmt.N.Sasikala on 16.1.92 Ex.P703 is a seizure mahazar showed to him by police while seizing the jewels from the house of Selvi Jayalalitha. The jewel item details are as follows:

Item No.07 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 91 in Ex.P703

Item No.09 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 99 in Ex.P703

Item No.11 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 96 in Ex.P703

Item No.24 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 37 in Ex.P703

Item No.27 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 223 in Ex.P703

Item No.32 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 355 in Ex.P703

Item No.46 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 271 in Ex.P703

Item No.61 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 63 in Ex.P703

Item No.05 in Ex.P1015 is same as item 413 in Ex.P703

Item No.13 in Ex.P1015 is same as item 397 in Ex.P703

Item No.05 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 344 in Ex.P703

Item No.26 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 205 in Ex.P703

Item No.27 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 421 in Ex.P703

Item No.28 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 436 in Ex.P703

Item No.30 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 374 in Ex.P703

Item No.31 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 428 in Ex.P703

Item No.33 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 212 in Ex.P703

Item No.36 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 456 in Ex.P703

Item No.40 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 437 in Ex.P703

Item No.42 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 375 in Ex.P703

Item No.46 in Ex.P1014 is same as item 298 in Ex.P703

Item No.20 in Ex.P1012 is same as item 363 in Ex.P703

Item No.21 in Ex.P1012 is same as item 09 in Ex.P703

Item No.22 in Ex.P1012 is same as item 406 in Ex.P703

Item No.23 in Ex.P1012 is same as item 465 in Ex.P703

Item No.26 in Ex.P1012 is same as item 136 in Ex.P703

Item No.04 in Ex.P1016 is same as item 54 in Ex.P703

Item No.06 in Ex.P1010 is same as item 53 in Ex.P703

Item No.08 in Ex.P1016 is same as item 423 in Ex.P703

Item No.13 in Ex.P1016 is same as item 150 in Ex.P703

Item No.19 in Ex.P1016 is same as item 453 in Ex.P703

Item No.27 in Ex.P1016 is same as item 362 in Ex.P703

Item No.06 in Ex.P1016 is same as item 07 in Ex.P703

Item No.08 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 32 in Ex.P703

Item No.09 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 45 in Ex.P703

Item No.15 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 28 in Ex.P703

Item No.21 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 149 in Ex.P703

Item No.22 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 120 in Ex.P703

Item No.23 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 152 in Ex.P703

Item No.26 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 464 in Ex.P703

Item No.29 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 135 in Ex.P703

Item No.31 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 134 in Ex.P703

Item No.33 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 224 in Ex.P703

Item No.37 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 55 in Ex.P703

Item No.38 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 54 in Ex.P703

Item No.39 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 49 in Ex.P703

Item No.40 in Ex.P1013 is same as item 59 in Ex.P703

Item No.09 in Ex.P1011 is same as item 122 in Ex.P703

Item No.11 in Ex.P1011 is same as item 121 in Ex.P703

Item No.16 in Ex.P1011 is same as item 143 in Ex.P703

Item No.17 in Ex.P1011 is same as item 461 in Ex.P703

Item No.22 in Ex.P1011 is same as item 159 in Ex.P703

Item No.23 in Ex.P1011 is same as item 201 in Ex.P703

During the Cross-examination, he has deposed that he was graduat in B.Sc. Geology. He has been appointed as an assessor for Income Tax Department and Central Finance Department. He has been an assessor since 1975.

For the first time 3 years ago police met him regarding this case Police enquired him about the purchase of jewellery of Selvi Jayalalitha and her people and also about the types of jewellery and when these were purchased from our company. They enquired him at office of the Prevention and Corruption Department. He was called office and gone to there approximately 10 times of enquiry. They called him 10 times to Prevention of Corruption without issuing a notice. He asked them about this to them. Still they did not issue any notice to him. During those enquiry they forced him to sign on written papers for which he refused. During those enquiry police asked him for 10 years of receipt books of his company. Inspite of protesting that those books do not contain receipts regarding sale of jewellery to Selvi Jayalalitha they seized them. Police seized approximately 300 receipt books from their company and they returned it back approximately after 1 year. He does not know that either to read and write Tamil but he knew to speak Tamil. When police enquired him Nallamma Naidu reduced everything. He stated into writing and secured his signature. The details which he stated were true details. Generally when they assessed a jewel they would assess it on the basis of the value prevalent on those days. Gold and Silver price is determined on day to day basis. Once a year the diamonds price would vary. They maintain a record of a gold and silvers listed price since 1965 in their company. The value of gold and silver is increasing but not decreasing. The year of purchase of gold cannot be determined by merely seeing the gold jewellery and the same is applicable to silver wear and diamond jewellery. If they continuously wear gold jewellery there is a chance of very less depreciation. There is a less possibility for wear and tear. This condition will be applicable to gold chain gold ring and gold bangles also. There is no chance for wear and tear for the jewellery if there is no rubbing. In 1960 one sovereign golds price was approximately Rs.100/-. In 1970 one sovereign gold was approximately Rs.120/-. Likewise cost of every sovereign prevailed at each year can be found out. In the same way they can find out the value of silver and diamond also. If the jewellery is used with great care and caution and used occasionally it will retain its shine and there will be no wear and tear. There will be not even a minute depreciation. They cannot determine accurate weight of stone studded and they could not determine the exact weight of gold and stones separately.

He did not give the documents relating to Ex.P1010 to Ex.P1016 to the Prevention of Corruption Department Police. After he evaluates the jewels in Ex.P1010 to Ex.P1016. On the dates mentioned in the documents, while tendering evidence in this case he did not examine Ex.P703 with reference to assessment report. He has not seen Ex.P703 so far. Further while he was tendering evidence in the court he was not shown any jewels. When Nallamma Naidu recorded his statement they did not ask him  to compare the assessment report Exs.P1010 to P1016 with Ex.P703 and asked him to take statement. Further without seeing the jewels and pursuing the details mentioned in Ex.P703 he cannot state whether they include in the assessment report. Generally golds standard cannot be fairly determined by merely looking at it. Its standard can be assessed only approximately. Generally while assessing golds standard it will not be rubbed with Touch stone thereafter treating the stone with acid. This process is adopted only if they have suspicion. Selvi Jayalalitha has never contacted us telephonically and told regarding purchase of jewellery. He did not make his statement that Selvi Jayalalitha has contacted them telephonically. Further nobody said to present Selvi Jayalalitha telephonically contacted them regarding purchase of jewellery and they did not come to their establishment on the basis of talk and purchased any jewels. As either Selvi Jayalalitha or her representatives made any purchases of jewellery in their shop question of asking or giving receipt does not arise. During the examination in Chief he has stated in his evidence that he made Diamond Ottiyanam for Tmt.Sasikala on receipt diamonds from Tmt.Sasikala on the basis of instructions of police. But she did not sendthem 250 diamonds and gold for making ottiyanam. Further during the course of the examination Chief he has stated that after making ottiyanam and received making charges only under the compulsion of police. As they did not make ottiyanam question of handing it over to Tmt.Sasikala did not arise. He does not know that how to read Tamil hence without reading the examination in Chief he has signed. A diamond stone can be out to have 57 facets. If the diamond is having less than 57 facets then its value is less. Till few years ago Belgium cut diamonds were costlier than Indian cut diamonds. Weighing standard for diamond is the carat which is equivalent to 100 cent. Diamonds price depends on its weight in carats. There is a concept called Thosham relating to diamonds. Thosham painted Diamond costs less. It takes some time to assess the diamond studded with jewels. It will take atleast 20 minutes to evaluate a diamond relating its facets, thosham, clarity and weight.

Diamonds studded with jewels will be evaluated regarding its facets and weight without removing from the jewels. However, those assessments will be approximate. The value of gold jewel depends on the basis of its design. Assessment of jewellery varies from person to person. Design of the jewellery will not be assessed separately. Strict test is touch stone test but experienced persons can assess gold without subjecting it to the test. The value shown for Exs.P1010 to P1016 were the value shown on the day of assessment. To determine the quality of diamond there are fine cutting and medium cutting methods. If it is a fine cutting it will not be less than 57 facets, it is less than 57 facets it is medium cutting. To measure the weight of diamond there is a separate weighing scale and to measure the weight of gold there is a separate weighing scale. The diamond studded gold jewels will have more of gold than the diamond in terms of weight. The diamond studded gold jewellery will be weighed in toto and the approximate weight will be assigned to gold and diamond. Some shops in Chennai sell gold jewels less than estimation price. The fluctuating prices of gold day to day applicable to only new jewellery and not applicable to old jewellery and applies to silver and diamond also. The old gold jewels value in terms of cost would depend on jewels model purchasers standard, sellers emergency. All the gold smiths would not come forward to buy old gold jewels. The jewels relating to Exs.P1010 to P1016 shows only approximate weight of gold and diamond. But in Ex.P698 and 698 approximate weight of gold and diamond is not shown. The diamond jewelleries, is price cannot be determined without knowing the exact weight of gold and diamond. Silver and golds global price is determined in London and for India it is in Mumbai. So far as diamond is concerned its global price is determined in Belgium and for India it is determined in Mumbai and diamond is measured in terms of carat which is equal to 100 cent or 100 points.

Cross-examination A1, A2 and A4 is adopted.

This witness was recalled and re-examined by the learned Special Public Prosecutor and questions were posed as under:

Q: In your examination in chief you have given details with regard to valuation of jewellery done by you is true and correct?

A: YES. It is true and it is out of my free will.

Value of diamonds, value of golden jewellery pattern of jewellery, stoned studded, Diamond studded jewellery and their value, Belgium cut diamond, Indian cut diamonds, facets carats in that respect he has been asked in his cross-examination, based on quality and carats he has given in his cross-examination. Those details have not been mentioned in his reports. But he has taken those details into consideration. The details are not mentioned in the reports.

PW.180 – M. Sukhila, Manager, IVIKTEK Pvt. Ltd. Company. They supplied 3 stabilizers to A1. They prepared total invoice of Rs.91,157.64/- value of 4KV stabilizers is Rs.2815/-, value of 5 KV stabilizers is Rs.3,085/-. Above were supplied. Company is about 4 ½ years.

PW.181 – Thangarajan, Assistant Engineer, Building Construction-3, Sub-Division, PWD, Chennai-1. He speaks about the estimation of expenses incurred at the wedding and reception of A3. Vijay Shankar gave drawing of wedding choultry and measures of Pandal. He prepared Ex.P1019 estimation report.

PW.182 –A.R. Arunachalam is a Chief Manager of Indian Bank, Regional Office, Trichy. He was working as Chief Manager, Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch from December 1995. He speaks about land granted to firms, Companies, Individual namely, A1, A2, A3, A4. He speaks about grant of Rs.1,50,00,000/- vide Ex.P1027 – OMTL Indian Bank in favour of Jaya Publications. He has further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.3,75,00,000/- to Agricultural MD Loan, Indian Bank in favour of Guna Bhushini vide Ex.P1101. Accused No.1 took loan of Rs.90,00,000/- from Indian Bank vide Ex.P1114. He further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.25,00,000/- in favour J Real Estate vide Ex.P1162. He further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.12,46,000/- in favour of JS Housing vide Ex.P1172. He has further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.50,00,000/- in favour J Farm House vide Ex.P1211. He has further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.2,50,00,000/- in favour Accused No.2 - Sasikala vide Ex.P1260. He has further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.1,57,00,000/- in favour Accused No.3 - V.N.Sudhakaran vide Ex.P1330. He has further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.1,65,00,000/- in favour Accused No.3 – V.N.Sudhakaran/Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd. vide Ex.P1354. He has further deposed that grant of loan of Rs.17,85,274/- in favour Mahalakshmi Kalyana Mantapa (V.N.Sudhakaran) vide Ex.P1357.

He speaks about the transaction that has been carried out by accused No.2-Sasikala, companies and firms. An amount of Rs.1.50 Crore was given as loan under OMTL scheme to Jaya Publications. Ex.P.1114 is the credit voucher dated 18.06.1992 for the fixed deposit of Rs.1 Crore made in the name of Miss. Jayalalitha. They have sanctioned 90% loan on the basis of the deposit. He has deposed that bank has sanctioned a term loan of Rs.25 Lakhs to Sri. V.N. Sudhakaran who has signed on behalf of the company. Ex.P1171 is the signed letter dated 22.12.1994 submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran on behalf of J.S. Housing Development asking for a loan of Rs.12.46 Lakhs from their bank. This loan is sought to develop the property at Door No.40-41, Murphy Street, Slinganalur and the said loan was sanctioned by their head office. Ex.P1172 is the copy of the sanction ticket dated 17.10.1995. Ex.P1210 is the signed letter given by the partner V.N. Sudhakaran on behalf of J. Farm House asking for a loan of Rs.50 Lakhs to develop the properties at Enjambakkam and Solinganallur. Ex.P1211 is the copy of the Tele-fax message sent from their Head Office to their branch sanctioning the loan of Rs.50 Lakhs.

That on 21.03.1994, a letter signed by the Managing Director-Sasikala from Anjaneya Printers was given asking for a loan of Rs.25 Lakhs on O.D. required for working capital hypothecating the machinery as per Ex.P.1229. Ex.P1230 is the signed letter dated 31.8.1994 given by the Managing Director of Anjaneya Printers, Sasikala asking for a loan of Rs.50 Lakhs. Ex.P1104 is the copy of the sanction ticket dated 04.1.1995 received by their branch from their Head Office, sanctioning Rs.25 Lakhs over draft and Rs.50 Lakhs term loan to Anjaneya Printers. Ex.P1231 is the signed application given by the Managing Director of Anjaneya Printers, Sasikala asking for a term loan of Rs.75 Lakhs. They have permitted over draft facility to current account No.1503 in May 1994 itself. Ex.P1258 is the signed letter dated 11.03.1994 given by the Managing Partner Sasikala asking for a term loan of Rs.25 Lakhs to construct Guest House in Neelangarai. Ex.P1259 is the copy of the sanction letter that was given to their branch to their Head Officer. Ex.P1260 is the statement of account for OMTL account No.52. An amount of Rs.15 Lakhs was released on 13.7.1994 and an amount of Rs.10 Lakhs was released on 13.1.1995. Ex.P1261 is the signed application dated 12.9.1994 submitted by the Director of Meadow Agro Farms (P) Ltd. V.N. Sudhakaran to open a current account in the name of that company. Ex.P1294 is the application given to open a current account in the name of Riverway Agro Products. Ex.P1238 is the letter dated 31.8.1994 signed and submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran on behalf of the Lex Property Development (P) Ltd. asking for a loan to construct a Kalyana Mandapa at Door No.149-150, TTK Road, Chennai. They have asked for a loan of Rs.157 Lakhs. The Head of their bank has sanctioned a loan of Rs.133 lakhs. Ex.P.1329 is the letter sent by the regional office asking us to release the first installment Rs.45 Lakhs. A term loan or Rs.45 Lakhs has been released and credited on 25.9.94. Ex.P.1341 is the application dated 22.12.94 signed and submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran to open a current account in the name of the company Ramraj Agro Mills Limited. There is a credit entry for Rs.8,60,000/- by transfer on 7.1.95. Ex.P.1349 is the application signed and submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran to open OCC-19 account in the name of Ramraj Agro Mills Limited. One Sri. Gandhi has signed in Ex.P1350 dated 19.2.1994. Ex.P1351 is the letter signed and submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran asking for a loan of Rs.200 Lakhs. Ex.P.1352 is the sanction ticket received from their head office sanctioning a loan (OC) of Rs. 165 Lakhs. Ex.P.1353 is the copy of the telex message sent from the central office asking to transfer the sanctioned loan of Rs.165 lakhs to the same companys account in the Thiruvarur branch of Indian bank. The partner of Mahasubbulakshmi Kalyana Mandapam Sri. V.N. Sudhakaran gave a letter dated 13.12.1994 to the bank. He has asked for a term loan of Rs.49.21 Lakhs through the letter i.e. Ex.P.1355. Temporary OD account was allowed after getting necessary permission from their higher officials. Ex.P1356 is the statement of account. The above said temporary OD account was confirmed through a letter dated 10.11.94 sent to their branch from their regional office as per Ex.P1357. As per that letter, an OD of Rs.17,85,274/- was permitted.

During the cross-examination, it is elicited that the loan documents were produced.

The evidence of this witness discloses that the several transactions between the companies, firms and the individuals and also the loans availed.

PW.183 – T. Ramesh was working as a Managing Director of Moulis Advertising Services Company. He was asked to print the wedding invitation of V.N.Sudhakaran. He took order and got printed 65,000 wedding invitation and 5,000 car passes. He has prepared a bill of Rs.11,00,000/- for printing the above invitations and car passes. He gave invoices to Jawahar. Ex.P1284 is the cheque dated 15.9.1995. A-1 has signed on the cheque.

During the cross-examination, he states that he has not produced the document for having received a sum of Rs.10,50,000/- for printing. He has received Ex.P1284 – cheque for AIDMK partys work.

PW.184–A. Vincent was running a Travel Agency under the banner of Vincent Travels, Chennai. He has sent cars for the marriage function of V.N.Sudhakaran. He charged Rs.25,502/-. He has received the cheque for a sum of Rs.25,502/-. Cheque was signed by Selvi Jayalalitha.

During the cross-examination, he states that original invoice was given to All India Anna DMKs Office, Royapettai.

PW.185 – A. Premkumar was running a Tourist Car Rental Company in the name of ‘ANGER CABS. He used to get requisition from Tamil Nadu Government House. In September, 1995, at the request of Tamil Nadu Guest House, he has sent six cars. Cars were hired for the use of VIP guests in connection with V.N.Sudhakarns wedding. He has prepared invoice for Rs.19,211/-. The invoice amount was paid through cheque dated 23.9.1995. Cheque was signed by Selvi.Jayalalitha.

PW.186 – Chalapathy Rao was the furniture hirers. Sachithanandam, PRO of former Chief Minister requested for tables and chairs in connection with V.N.Sudhakarns marriage. He gave the cheque for Rs.1,30,000/- as advance amount. He asked to deliver the tables and chairs to MRC Nagar and MGR Film City. Mr.Naveen – Deputy Manager of Adayar Par Sheraton Hotel asked him to supply decorative articles and clothes. These requisitions were sought in connection with the marriage of V.N.Sudhakaran. Cheque for a sum of Rs.57,250/- was given and the same was issued by Selvi Jayalalitha on 6.9.1995. The balance amount of Rs.2,65,000/- was with them.

During the cross-examination, he states that certain articles were rented-out for the purpose of party function.

PW.187 – R. Pulikesi was working as DIG of Registration in Registration Department, Trichy. He gave certified copies of documents to Anti-Corruption Police i.e. Jaya Publications Form-I dated 2.2.1990 which was registered on 5.2.1990. Ex.P1288 is the certified copy of that form given by him. Copy of registration is Ex.P1289. Registration number of Jaya Publication is 152/1990. Sasi Enterprises consists of partners viz., Jeyaraman Jayalalitha, Vivekanandan, Sasikala. The date of Form-I is 1990. The registration date is 21.5.1990. Ex.P1290 is the certified copy of Form-I. Ex.P1291 is the certified copy of the Registration Certificate No.684/1990. He has submitted the original documents of certified copies of Exs.P1288 to P1291. Some discrepancies about the date in the documents were elicited in the cross-examination.

PW.188 – Sundaresan was working in “Dina Thanthi” a Tamil daily newspaper. He was a Senior Advertisement Manager. On 9.9.1995, the Rock Advertisement Company gave advertisement pertaining to the General Secretary to All India Anna DMK to advertise in Chennai and other editions. They demanded that the advertisement have to be published on 10.9.1995 in Chennai edition and on 11.9.1995 in other editions. He has furnished the full page advertisement appeared in “Dina Thanthi” dated 10.9.1995. M.O.1593 is the advertisement. They have sent a bill of Rs.2,47,616/- to the Rock Company. They have received a sum of Rs.2,10,473/- after deduction of commission. If Government issues the advertisement, it should bear Government emblem, name of the Department and name of the Officer. But, M.O.1593 does not contain these particulars.

PW.189 – Mahalingam was the office administrator of the All India Anna DMK Head Office from 1991 to 2000. He was entrusted with the responsibilities of sending wedding invitation of V.N.Sudhakarns marriage to the party members by post. He has sent 56,000 invitations from Anna Salai Head Post Office to the party members. He has paid Rs.4/- for each invitation. Its total cost was about Rs.2,24,000/-. He has received amount from Jawahar Babu, Joint Secretary of the former Chief Minister. 56,000 invitations were sent by his Assistants namely, Ramesh, Sukumar, Krishna Murthy, Mani and others. He did not sign the vouchers for having received any amount. He does not have any documents to show whether invitations were sent by Certificate of Posting or by Registered Post. Accused No.2 and accused No.4 did not give money to him.

PW.190 – Kanniyappan was running a company called Lakshmi Marbles. Sasikala told him that there was a job involving the laying of marble stones at Hyderabad. Sasikala was introduced by Vijayan. Vijayan gave address of vineyard of Hyderabad. He went to the spot. He laid marble stones for the flooring of the building in the vineyard. He took about 90 days. He has received lumpsum advance of Rs.10,000/- net cash. The required marble stones were available at Mudharabad itself. After finishing the work, wages of Rs.1,50,000/- was received from Vijayan at Poes Garden. He has supplied marble stones from their company for a building at Alatthur, Bahabalipuram Road which belongs to former Chief Minister. He gave bill of Rs.1,35,000/-. The amount was not paid. They told him to supply marble stones to the second accused to Sengamalar Thaayar, Womens College, Mannarkudi. He has delivered the marble stones. It was cost about Rs.8,50,000/-. He was referring to a document of the year 1995. He has received the above amount of Rs.8,50,000/- by cash in installments. Apart from this, he has received a cheque signed by Ilavarasi for the supply of marble stones for a Siruthavoor building and for the work done at Hyderabad. He has received a cheque signed by Jayalalitha. Ex.D4 is the receipt of Rs.3,93,360/- (6,000 sq.ft. of Indo Italian ‘C quality at the rate of Rs.55/- per sq.ft. including taxes) dated 10.9.1995 for having supplied the marble stones to Ilavarasi. In the same way, Ex.D5 is the receipt of Rs.3,27,800/- (5,000 sq.ft. of Indo Italian ‘C quality at the rate of Rs.55/- per sq.ft. including taxes) dated 10.9.1995 for having supplied the marble stones to Ilavarasi. Through the above said two receipts, marble stones were supplied to a building which is at Alathur. He has also supplied marble stones to J Farm House Company building which is at Seashell Avenue. Ex.D6 is the receipt of Rs.1,91,912/- (7,000 sq.ft. of White Marble Slab ‘C quality at the rate of Rs.23/- per sq.ft. including taxes) dated 1.12.1995 for having supplied the marble stones. He has received the amount through cheque. Ex.D7 is the receipt of Rs.1,89,170/- (6,900 sq.ft. of White Marble Slab ‘C quality at the rate of Rs.23/- per sq.ft. including taxes) dated 1.2.1995 for having supplied the marble stones. He has received the amount through cheque. Ex.D8 is the receipt No.20 of Rs.77,957/- (1,090 sq.ft. of Marble Slabs at the rate of Rs.60/- per sq.ft. including taxes) dated 29.1.1996 for having supplied the marble stones. He has received the amount through cheque. He laid-down the stones at Ilavarasis house in Alathur, for which the stones were brought from Mumbai.

During the cross-examination, he states that College management gave amount with regard to the work.

PW.191–V. Srinivasan is a musical instrument Mandolin player. Mr. Jawahar asked him over phones that not to accept any other appointments on the day of marriage of Sudhakaran. He went to marriage reception which was held at film city, Cinema Nagar, Egmore, Chennai and conducted the Mandalin Orchestra. When they asked him about the money, he refused to take the money, as it was Chief Ministers function. They gave him a silver plate, silk saree and a small kumkum box. When he was enquired by the police, he handed over the above mentioned things to the police. The police have taken the silver plate small kumkum box and silk saree from him in the year 1997. Mahazar was not prepared at that time. When he participated in the musical programmes, these kind of gifts would be given to him.

PW.192 – Sanjai Jain is the proprietor of TITAN show room situated at crown court No.34, Cathedral Road, Chennai-86. Mr. Jawahar, placed an order of 34 TITAN watches. He delivered the watches. Price of 34 watches amounting to Rs.1,34,565/- was paid by cash.

PW.193-S.Girichandran, during 1991 to 1998, he worked as a Branch Commercial Executive in Blow Plast Ltd. Police asked them to assess the value of the suit cases. There were about 214 suit cases. The total value of 214 suit cases is Rs.3,71,945/-. While assessing the value of the suit cases, two witnesses were present. He put the value for those VIP suit cases prevailed at that time. That value was put approximately. He has not taken into consideration about wear and tear and the resale value of the suit cases. He does not know about the resale value of the suit cases.

PW.194-Ramesh, worked as a Manager (Administrative) in Vijaya Auto Sales and Services (P) Ltd., Poondhamalli Byepass Road, Chennai-56. The company used to service the vehicles such as Tempo Travelers, Trax Jeep, Matador Van etc. He serviced the Trax Jeeps, which come from Former Chief Minister Selvi Jayalalithas house from 1992 to 1994. They serviced the Trax Jeeps bearing Nos. TSK-5850, TSJ-7299, TSJ-7200, TN-09-B-6966, TN-09-A-9295. For that they gave credit bills amounting to Rs.1,62,283-95/- They gave cheque of Rs.44,341-35.

PW.195-Narayana Rao, working as an Accountant to Late Mr. Subburama Reddy, former MP. He was one of the Directors of the company floated by Mr. Subburama Reddy. The name of the company was Signora Business Enterprises (P) Ltd. He wanted to be one of the Directors of the Company. He signed the necessary application and papers for the floating of the said company. He was having 450 shares, each share costing Rs.10/-. Shares were transferred to J. Ilavarasi. He received a cheque for Rs.4,500/- from J. Ilavarasi being the value of his shares.

PW.196-Aijaz Ahmed owned tailoring shop in the name and style of M/s. Syed Bakher and Co., situated at No.34, Cathedral Road, Chennai. He stitched 22 suits, 22 shirts, 3 Sherwanis and 3 Jibbas. He received a cheque of Rs.1,41,025/- towards the stitching charges. One Ramkumar has paid the stitching charges of Rs.1,41,025/- on behalf of Mr. Sudhakaran. Ramkumar being the maternal uncle of Sathyalakshmi who was the bride for Sudhakaran, he paid the stitching charges.

PW.197–R. Yogananth was working as an accountant in Thevar Automobiles Petrol bunk. He used to fill petrol, diesel, and oil for Jaya Publication, Namadhu MGR and Sasi Enterprises vehicles also. For each, he used to send separate bills for Sasi Enterprises vehicle Registration Nos. 9207, 9027, 3585, 6565, 9090, 7299, 3559, 3744, 1344, 2466, 7200, 345, 3496, 9690. He gave petrol, diesel and oil for Jaya Publication vehicle bearing Registration No.7077. During the above period, he has put petrol, diesel and oil for Rs.10,09,419.35 paise for the above mentioned vehicles. Cheques were given with Jayalalithas and Sasikalas signature. From August 1991 to March 1996, he received the cheques for Rs.9,73,452.04 paise.

PW.198 – M. Jayaraman deposed that he worked as Under Secretary in Public Works Department, Government of Tamil Nadu and retired on 31.7.92. He got re-employed from 1.8.92 to 31.7.93 for one year. Again, he got reemployed for six months from 1.8.93 to 31.1.94. Mr. Karuppanan, Secretary to Chief Minister told him to maintain the household work of the Chief Minister which is at Poes Garden. Selvi Jayalalitha told him that already one Mr. Vijayan was taking care of household work and asked him to join and do the work. They gave him a monthly salary of Rs.3,000/- as cash. In that also, he used to attend phone calls of Sasikala, V.N. Sudhakaran. He used to deposit the amount given by them in the name of company given by them in the Canara Bank, Mylapore and in Indian Bank, Abhirampuram. Those works will be done by himself and Vijayan. Tmt. Sasikala used to tell him through intercom the details about which Bank and in which company how much money should be deposited. Sasikala used to send the amount either in suitcase or bag through the domestic servants. She used to send Bank challan book and he used to fill it in favour of the account which Sasikala told and deposit the money in the bank. Ex. Nos.1123, 1124, 1139, 1190, 1299, 1300, 1301, 1302, 1303, 1304 bears his signatures. Apart from these, he used to go to Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch and fill the challans and remit the money by putting his signatures. Those works will be done by himself and Vijayan. Vijayan also used to go to the Bank for remittance of money. During that period, building was under construction at Poes Garden. They used to arrange for buying required things for construction. When he was working in Poes Garden house, Sasikala, Mr. Sudhakaran, Tmt. Ilavarasi, Vivek S/o. Ilavarasi, Satya Lakshmi W/o. V.N. Sudhakaran were permanently residing with Jayalalitha only. Sasikala used to issue all the orders in the said house. Relatives of Sasikala like Sundaravathanam brother of Sasikala his wife Santhana Lakshmi, their daughters, Prabha, Anuradha, Srethaladevi, daughter of Sasikalas sister Srethaladevis husband, Bhaskaran, Sasikalas elder brothers son Mahadevan, Sasikalas elder sister Vanithamani, her husband Vivekanandan their son Bhaskaran, his wife Subhashree used to come to Poes Garden. They celebrated Viveks birthday in Poes Garden. There were 12 to 13 vehicles in Poes Garden. There were 11 vehicles like cars and tempo travelers and 1 scooter and 1 track jeep. There were 5 girls aged between 10 to 15 years and two boys to do the domestic work. The above girls and boys were given Rs.200/- monthly salary. There were AZAGU security services. They were paid Rs.1,500/- as monthly salary. They had about 10-12 dogs. His signature is found on Ex.P811. They allotted 3 sheds for Super Duper TV Company at SIDCO, Guindy. For that purpose a demand draft of RS.15,75,000/- had to be sent. Chief Ministers Assistant Secretary Mr. Natarajan told him that since Mr. Sudhakaran was not in the house and since the demand draft had to be sent immediately and since he could put signature, he asked him to sign for Mr. Sudhakaran. Accordingly, he put his signature in Ex.P67 which are found at page Nos. 44 and 45. Ram Vijayan and himself have affixed their signature in the partnership deed of Gopal Promoters Company. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the partnership deed of Lakshmi Construction Company. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the document pertaining to Vigneshwara Builders as could be seen in Ex.P1362. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the document of Navasakthi Contractors Builders Company. Ramvijayan and himself have affixed their signature as witness on the document of Sea Enclave Company which is Ex.P1364. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the partnership deed of Iyappa Property Development Company. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the document of Lakshmi Construction Company which is Ex.P1365. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the shareholders document of Namashivaya Housing Developments Company which is at Ex.P1366. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the document of Sakthi Constructions which is at Ex.P1367. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the partnership deed of Oceanic Constructions Company. Ramvijayan and himself are witnesses to that document which is Ex.P1368. Accused Nos. 2 and 4 affixed their signature on the document of Green Garden Apartment Company. Ramvijayan and himself are witnesses to that document which is Ex.P1369. PW.71 – Radhakrishnan wrote a small sheet and handed over to him to give it to either Sasikala or Sudhakaran. They used to give money. Susaritha, Manager of Indian Bank, Abhirampuram, used to come frequently to Poes Garden to meet Sasikala and Sudhakaran. She used to come to discuss about the bank loan. They made Sundarrajan, husband of Tmt. Sucharitha as shareholder in Spic Jyothi dealership. Sasikala paid necessary amount of Rs.1.50 lakhs on her behalf. Mr. Kanniappan, owner of Lakshmi Marbles used to visit Poes Garden with regard to supply of marbles. Mr. Vijaya Shankar, the Architect also used to come to the house. Mr. Sathiyanarayanan from Unnudi Bangary Chetty Store used to come to Poes Garden to meet Sasikala with regard to jewellery. PW.179 – Mr. Srihari used come often to Poes Garden. He belongs to Unnudi Bangary Chetty Store. PW.228 Rajasekaran and PW.213- Balaji the Auditor used to come to Poes Garden.

During cross examination, he states that ledgers were not maintained for wages paid to the workers. Accused No.1 did not have time to look after the household affairs. Accused No.2 used to look after the same. For the vehicles which were in the name of Accused No.1, the insurance and tax would be paid by Accused No.1 only. There was no documentary evidence to show that Rs.3,000/- was paid as monthly salary to Washerman. There was no documentary evidence to show that workers were appointed from Arhagu Security Services. Through Ex.P1123, he remitted cash in a bank in the name of the company [Fresh Mushroom]. Through Ex.P1124, money was remitted in the name of the same company. Through Ex.P1190, money was remitted in the bank in favour of Green Farm Houses Company. Through Ex.P1299 and Ex.P1300, money was remitted in the bank account in favour of Riverway Agro Products Company. Through Ex.P1301 to Ex.P1304, money was remitted in favour of Riverway Agro Products Company. The address of Accused No.4 has been given in Ex.P1135 as No.18, Balamuthu Krishna Street, T. Nagar, Chennai – 17. Ex.P1159 is dated 5.1.94 and he has signed as witness. Ex.P1169 document is dated 25.1.94. Ex.P1188 is the document dated 15.1.94. He has signed as witness to that document. For Ex. Nos.P1206, P1247, P1360, P1361, P1362, P1363, P1364, P1365, P1366, P1367, P1368, P1369 also he has signed as witness to these documents. He also joined as partner in Spic Jyothi dealership. The partnership deed is registered according to procedure. Accused No.2 gave him money to become shareholder to the company. His share amount was Rs.1,50,000/-. He has not taken authorization from Accused No.3 for signing on behalf of Mr. Sudhakaran in Ex.P811. He does not know personally what PW.71 – Radhakrishnan spoke to Sudhakaran and where they went later. He has not told that he has remitted any money in the name of Master Vivek. He does not know personally as to on whose instructions Rama Vijayan remitted money in the bank and in whose name he remitted. He does not know how many vehicles were there in Selvi Jayalalithas house. He does not personally know about purchase of things at Selvi Jayalalithas house and the amount which was paid to Spic Jyothi Dealership to become shareholder was his own money. That money was not given to him by Sasikala. This witness was recalled vide order on IA No.321. During re-examination, he has stated that what he has stated in the Chief Examination is correct.

PW.199-A.G. Krishnamoorthy was running a company in the name of A.G.K. Travels in Gangureddy Road, Egmore, Chennai.

PW.200-K.P. Muthusamy is the retired Chief Engineer. He has deposed that after retirement, he has registered in “Fellow of Institute of Valuers Organization”. He has the capacity of assessing buildings. Jawahar told him to come to the Chief Ministers residence, because a marriage was going to be held, so many arrangements should be made. Jawahar took him to the first floor and introduced him to Sasikala. Jawahar told her that he had come over there to look after the pandal work. He has deposed that the pandal was made with coconut leaves for the marriage functions. The pandal work was going on in MRC Nagar. Vijaya Shankar, architect gave him a plan for pandal and stage arrangements. The contractors Rajappa Nadappa, Rajagopal Ramachandra Nadar and Kumareshan Nadar were also present there. In MRC Nagar, he got introduced to PWD contractor Mr. Ethiraj. 5 main pandals to perform the marriage ceremonies with the measurement of 70 ft to 750 ft were put up. They were constructed with coconut leaves. Coconut leaves pandals with the measurement of 60 ft to 450 ft were put up to serve food for the public. 2 pandals with the measurement of 60 ft and 200ft for serving food for VIP were put by Mannargudi Rajagopal. One cooking shed, for VIPs measuring 45th to 135 was put with asbestos sheet. The above mentioned pandals were put by Kumareshan Nadar. Marriage platform, bathroom, the rooms for the bride and bridegroom measuring 9392 sq.ft. were built with bricks and roofed with AC sheet. This work was done by Ethiraj. Air conditioners expenses were met by the Former Chief Minister. The work of laying gravel road, around the marriage plat form was done by K.V. Natarajan. He brought 2-10 KW generators and 4 mobile generators. The brides father Mr. Narayanaswamy gave him a total of sum of Rs.16 Lakhs in 4 instalments. He told him to submit the accounts to Ramkumar. Ramkumar is an uncle of the bride. He received that amount and gave Rs.3 Lakhs to Gopinath, Rs.1,75,000/- to Pauldasan and Rs.10,000/- to K.V. Natarajan. The wedding reception was held in Cinema Nagar, Chennai on 10.09.1995. For that the pandal work was done by Kumareshan Nadar. The decoration work was done by a North Indian by name Paulbabu. For this Rs.1.50 Lakhs was sent from Poes Garden. The carpenters wages, cost of plywood nails and reaper were paid by him and he gave the vouchers for that. For this function, 6 connections were taken from the Electricity Board. From Adyar Vinayagam temple to MRC Nagar, the paths were decorated with decorative lights by R. Subramani and G.M. Samy by using the temporary electrical connections. He gave Rs. 3,54,000/- and odd to Mr. Subramanyam and Rs.4,89,000/- and odd to G.M. Samy. He presented the accounts to Mr. Ramkumar and handed over the remaining amount of Rs.4,422/- to him. When he was supervising the work in MRC Nagar, one person came and gave him the marriage invitation with a silver plate, a silk saree, silk dhoti and Angavastram. During investigation, he handed over all these things to the Anti-Corruption police. M.O. 1594 is the silver plate given with the invitation, M.O. 1595 is the silk dhoti, M.O.1596 is the sing angavastram and M.O. 1597 is the silk saree were handed over. He did not tell the police about the expenses of levelling. He did not tell particularly about the number of AC machines. He did not even tell about the kind of AC machines. There are two kinds of pandals, big and small, he only told which pandals should be done by whom. He did not supervise the work done by Art Director Gopinath. Ramkumar is one of Shivaji Ganesans son. He does not remember on which date Rs.1.50 Lakhs was sent from Poes Garden. He does not remember who brought that money and gave it to him. He does not know personally, how much money was spent in MRC Nagar for the marriage.

PW.201- C.K.R.K.Vidyasagarwas working as an Officer at Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch, since 14.6.1995. Ex-chief Minister Selvi Jayalalitha and Tmt. Sasikala had maintained savings bank account in their Branch. Savings Bank account No.23832 was opened with Rs.25,20,396.45 paise. This amount was deposited in cash by Selvi J.Jayalalitha on 16.4.1991. Rs.1 crore was transferred to Canfin Homes. On the same date, Rs.86,23,941/- was transferred to Head Office. The above deposit yielded Rs.1 crore on maturity. The interest amount, i.e. a sum of Rs.1 crore which has been given to Canfin Homes was also credited to savings bank account. Amount remaining in savings bank account was deposited in Kamadhenu deposit scheme vide deposit No.249/94. Rs.75 lakhs was transferred to this account. Rs.75 lakhs was transferred to the current account maintained by Sasi Enterprises by cheque. A cheque for Rs.4,01,131/- was given to VSD Motors on 20.7.1992 from this account. A cheque for Rs.9,617/- was given to Salam Stores on 3.12.1992. The interest earned on fixed deposits of Sriram Investments and Kotari Oriental Finance Ltd., Fax Universal (Current Account No.1930) to Current Account 2018 are stated. Details of the cheque transaction are also stated. On 28.8.1995, Rs.15 lakhs has been transferred from this account to the account of Green Farm House. On the same day, a cheque for Rs.10 lakh was sent to J.Farm House. Rs.30 lakhs was sent through cheque to Sriram Investments Ltd. on 11.8.1994. Rs.10 lakhs was given by way of cheque to Metal King on 4.9.1995. The interest on fixed deposit amounting to Rs.54,247/- vide Ex.P.1382. For the period between 1.7.1991 and 30.4.1996, a sum of Rs.1,89,761/- was shown as interest. On 28.4.1994, in the current account of Sasikala, i.e. account No.2196, Rs.8,000/- was there. On 8.4.1995, in Current Account No.2196 (Sasikala), Rs.60 lakhs was there. In the Current Account No.2277 Metal King, Rs.20 lakhs was there. Interest on fixed deposit amounting to Rs.24,490/- was credited to this account. Fixed Deposit was renewed. On 6.5.1995, a cheque was issued to PW.88–Radha Venkatachalam for Rs.1,90,00,000/-. On the same day, another cheque was issued in the name of Radha Venkatachalam for Rs.45 lakhs. On 17.2.1995, Rs.22 lakhs was cleared by way of cheque. Amount transferred from Current Account No.2196 to the current account No.2219 of Elavarasi was Rs.36,14,000/- on different dates. Rs.77,50,000/- was transferred from current account No.2196 on different dates to the current account No.2250 of Anjaneya Printers. Rs.31,33,610.80 was transferred from current account No.2196 to the account of Metal King on different dates. On 15.4.1995, Rs.15 lakhs was transferred to the current account No.2196 of Lex Properties. Rs.40 lakhs was transferred from current account No.2196 (Sasikala) to the account of Super Duper TV. From the current account No.2196 (Sasikala), on 7.12.1995, Rs.24,275/- was transferred to Super Duper TV account and Rs.5 lakhs was transferred from current account No.2196 to Super Duper TV account. From current account No.2196 (Sasikala), to Meadow account in a sum of Rs.15 lakhs and Rs.5 lakhs was transferred on 15.4.1995 and 15.7.1995 respectively through cheques. From Sasikalas account 2196, a sum of Rs.25,000/- was transferred to the account of Signora. From Sasikalas current account 2196 to Namadu MGRs current account No.1952, a sum of Rs.1,93,000/- was transferred. On maturity, as per the request of the third accused, fixed deposit along with interest totaling to Rs.5,12,229/- was credited to current account No.2220. He has deposed about three demand drafts for Rs.9 lakhs, Rs.9 lakhs, and Rs.6,50,000/- in the name of Interface Capital Pvt. Ltd. Vehicle loan of Rs.3,50,000/- was sanctioned to Sudhakaran. Tmt.Elavarasis SB account number is 35389. On 23.10.1991, Namadu MGR account No.1952 was transferred from Kellis [email protected] Branch to their Branch. Cash were credited for about 313 times by S.Balaji, S.Bhaskaran, Rama Vijayan, Krishnan.

In this account, money was credited several times through clearing. The money is transferred from some other accounts to this account and credited in this branch.

DateNameAmount
04.01.1992Jaya Publications2,36,000.00
06.01.1992Jaya Publications15,000.00
03.01.1992By transfer39,650.00
05.05.1993Jaya Publications8,68,440.00
21.01.1995Jayalalithas Savings Bank Account No.238322,00,000.00
20.10.1995Metal King Current Account No.227710,00,000.00
29.12.1995Sasikalas Current Account No.21961,70,000.00
 
From Current Account No.1952 of Namadu MGR, various amounts were transferred on different dates to Current Account No.2047.

From Jayalalithas Current Account No.2018, a sum of Rs.50 lakhs was transferred on 5.5.1993 to Current Account No.2047.

K.T.R. deposit amount is Rs.1,35,480/-. Maturity amount is Rs.1,49,544/-. Fixed deposit amount is Rs.64,520/- and maturity amount is Rs.79,218/-.

Small amounts were withdrawn for every now and then.

He speaks about transactions between one account to another account. His evidence is more or less very vague.

PW.202- Banu Krishnamurthy was working as a Senior Manager, Bank of Madura, Anna Nagar Branch, Chennai. On 28.2.1990, Selvi Jayalalitha opens her Saving Bank Account No.5158. In that branch, she has given her address as No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86. On 30.6.1991, Rs.2,57,886.25 paise cash was there in the Savings Bank Account. On 30.4.1996, Rs.2,05,152.06 paise cash was in the same account and on 25.7.1991, cheque for Rs.1,00,000/- was issued in favour of P.B.Rajaram. From 30.6.1991 to 30.4.1994 in the Savings Bank account, interest of Rs.47,000/- was deposited in her account. On 5.5.1990 and 12.1.1990 cheques issued to Sriram Investments Company for Rs.7,00,000/- and Rs.5,00,000/- respectively and the amount was deposited on 30.4.1990. Out of that, Rs.10,00,000/- was transferred to the monthly interest income account. Rs.8,260/- was the interest given to this monthly interest income account. This amount was kept by way of Fixed Deposit for the period of 24 months. It was matured on 8.6.1992. Then Rs.10,00,000/- was deposited in favour of the deposit holder of Indian Bank, Abhirampuram branch by way of pay order. For the above Rs.10,00,000/-, the amount in monthly interest was paid to Selvi Jayalalithas account, Canara Bank, Kellys branch by way of pay order on monthly basis.

During the cross-examination, she states that there were 13 transactions prior to 30.6.1991 in the said account. On 1.3.1990, Rs.25,00,000/- was taken from the above account through cheque. On 1.4.1990, balance was Rs.31,00,100/-. Till 28.2.1991, credits and debits made in the account amounted to Rs.62,57,986.25 paise. The credited money in bank account after 25.9.1991 was the amount accrued through interest of Rs.1,92,072.10. The same amount was there in the account on 31.8.1991 also. From 1.4.1995 to 29.2.1996, the interest was credited in the above account and the amount is Rs.2,05,152.06 paise. On 25.7.1991, Rs.1,00,000/- was given to Rajaram from the above account.

PW.203–P. M. Krishnamoorthy was working as a Revenue Officer in Chennai Corporation. He was acquainted with handwriting of Damodaran. Damodaran has signed 1998 voters list. Ex.P1961 is the original copy of voters list of 1000 light constituency. In Ex.P1962, it is mentioned that Jayalalitha is residing at Poes Garden, Chennai-86. Sasikala, Ilavarasi, Bhaskaran and Sudhakaran and other eight members were residing in the said address and all these things are indicated in the voters list. They are certified by M.A.Ismail, Voter Registration Officer and Revenue Officer, Chennai Corporation. Enumerators used go to the voters house and gave card. When the enumerators went to the house, the family members who were not in the house, were verified with the ration card and their names were registered in the voters card. The voters list was printed on the basis of the card prepared by the Enumerating Officers. He did not see the enumeration card. He did not know who had given the information to the Enumerator in No.36, Poes Garden house.

PW.204 – N.Ramnath was the Assistant Manager in “Spic Pharma”, Guindy, Chennai. He knows the Executive Director, Finance – K.K.Mani. They had their own unit for manufacturing penicillin in Cuddalore Sipcot Industrial Estate. In December, 1994, they took the place for lease from the Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Company adjacent to above mentioned Cuddalore unit. They took it on lease for three years. They have paid Rs.45,00,000/- as an advance and Rs.7,50,000/- as a monthly rent. The lease agreement was executed between the Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Company and Sipcot. Ex.P512 is the lease agreement. Till March 1996, they have paid the rent every month. They were paid by way of crossed account payee cheques. A total sum of Rs.1,22,40,000/- was paid inclusive of advances and monthly rent after Tax Deducted at Source (TDS).

PW.205 – Krishnasamy was working as a Technical Personal Assistant for Administrative Officer, Ooty PWD. On 14.3.1997, P.K.Natarajan - Executive Engineer, Rammanoharan – Assistant Engineer, Selvaraj – Junior Engineer Electrical went to assess the incomplete building in Kodanadu Tea Estate. After their inspection, they have submitted the assessment report and above mentioned Engineers signed the Ex.P1964 – report. They have received the letter from the Chief Engineer Madras to ask them to inspect the place and assessed the same. Alongwith them, Anti-corruption Inspector – Karunakaran was also present. When they went to assess, the Agricultural Engineer – Gopalan has accompanied them. Mr.Chandran – Assistant Regional Engineer, High Ways was also present. They inspected the above mentioned place from 10.30 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. The Estate Division Officer – Kuppuswamy was also present with them. At the time of their inspection, the building was constructed upto the basement. They have taken the detail and elaborate measurements. From his experience, he can say that the above building would have constructed one or two years prior to their inspection. Rs.7,48,905/- is the amount spent for consideration upto the basement. To find this value, they have considered the price list of PWD for the year 1995-96. On that, Inspector Karunakaran gave him request to assess the pipes found there. On 15.3.1997 from 10.30 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. the Agricultural Engineer – Gopalan, Assistant Engineer, High Ways – Shanumuga Sundaram, himself, P.K.Natarajan and Ravi Manoharan have inspected the pipes. In that place, one portion was named as Fan Guard Division and another portion was named as Ward Pakkam. High Density PVC Pipes were laid there. Water sprinklers had been fixed there as well. Ex.P1965 is the report. As per this report, Rs.5,80,315/- was the value of the pipes.

During the cross-examination, he states that he has prepared the notes of the proceedings and they have destroyed the same. The structure could have been constructed two or three weeks prior to their inspection. They did not enquire about the quality of the pipeline and price. They did not ask the receipt for the purchase of pipelines. They did not dig and see the pipelines for assessment. They did not prepare the notes of proceedings for the pipeline assessment.

During the re-examination, question was put to him that whether the chief-examination is correct or cross-examination is correct?

For that, he states that chief-examination is correct.

PW.206 – S. Abdul Jaffar was working as a Manager, Ruby Builders Private Limited, which is placed at basement shop of No.20, Jems Court, Khadar Nivas Khan Road, Door No.14, Chennai-6. They are tenants in the above mentioned address. This premises was owned by the Holidays Spot Pvt. Ltd. During February, 1992, this place was sold to Sasi Enterprises. From then onwards, they gave monthly rent to Sasi Enterprises. At the first instance, they gave Rs.25,000/- as advance. They have given monthly rent through cheques to Sasi Enterprises. From February, 1992 to March, 1996, they have given a total sum of Rs.2,62,200/- by way of rent of Sasi Enterprises. They gave rent of April, 1996 in May, 1996. Rs.4,000/- was the monthly rent in February, 1992. Rs.4,600/- was the monthly rent from April, 1992 to March, 1995. Rs.5,300/- was the monthly rent from April, 1995 to March, 1996.

During the cross-examination, he states that the rental agreement and advance receipts have not been produced.

PW.207 – K. Velusamy was working as a Senior Manager in Canara Bank, Anna Nagar Branch, Chennai. In their branch, Bank Current Account No.1689 was opened in the name of Mahasubbu Lakshmi Kalyana Mantapa. Ex.P1996 is the certified copy of the account ledger copy. This account can be operated by anyone of the partners of that Mantap i.e. Sudhakaran, Ilavarasi, Srithala Devi. On 30.4.1996, this accounts amount was Rs.3,17,475.64 paise.

During the cross-examination, he states that the account found in Ex.P1996 was opened on 27.8.1993. The details of transactions from 27.8.1993 to 31.12.1996 are mentioned. The cash collected everyday from Mantap was remitted in the Bank daily.

PW.208 – Gregory Kagoo was working as Chief Manager in the Canara Bank, Kellis Branch, Chennai. Selvi Jayalalitha had a Current Account No.38671 in his Bank. Ex.P975 is the copy of the ledger account. This account has been transferred to Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch. Sasikala opened Savings Bank Account No.38746 in Canara Bank, Kellis Branch. On 30.4.1996, this account had Rs.17,118.98 paise.

During the cross-examination, he states that at the first page of Ex.P975, credits and debits amounting to Rs.2,53,953/- have been mentioned for the year 1998-99. Ex.P977 at page No.4, it is mentioned that credits and debits of Rs.11,28,251/- have been caused-out.

PW.209-Manickavasagam was working as Branch Manager of Indian Bank, Abirampuram Branch, Chennai. He issued the certified true copies of the Bank register, for the bank accounts mentioned below:

Ex.P.1022- Jaya Publications Enterprises OMDL Account Register Copy.

Ex.P.1011-In the name of Thirumati. V. Gunabooshani N.K. No.1173- Bank Register True Copy.

Ex.P.1106-Jaya Finance Pvt. Ltd. NK No.1171 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1109-Tmt. J Ilavarasi NK No.1171 Register Copy.

Ex.P1111- In the name of V.N. Sudhakaran CA No.1068 Register Copy.

Ex.P1117- In the name of Fresh Mushrooms NK NO.1071 Register Copy.

Ex.P1136-J.J. Leasing and Maintenance NK No.1059 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1138-In the name of J. Vivek Se.Ka.No.4110 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1160- On J. Real Estate N.K. No.1050 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1170 J.S. Housing Development N.K. No.1062 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1189- Green Farm House NK No.1058 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1207-J. Farm House N.K. No.1054 Register Copy.

Ex.P.1226-Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. NK No.1053 Register copy.

Ex.P.1248- Jaya Contractors and Builders NK No.1049 Register copy.

Ex.P.1255- Sasi Enterprise NK No.Register Copy.

Ex.P.1344-Ram Raj Agro Mills Ltd. OCC No.1143 Register copy.

Ex.P.1354-Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd., OCC No.19 Register Copy.

As per Ex.P.1974, on 28.3.1995, Rs.22 Lakhs was credited to NK No.1146 by draft clearing on 7.4.95. Rs.4 Laksh was credited to this account on clearance. On 28.4.1995 Rs.25 Lakhs had been debited from this account vide cheque issued to Tmt. N. Sasikala. As per Ex.P. 1980, on 28.3.1995 Rs. 22 Lakhs was credited through clearing. On 7.4.1995, Rs.4 Lakhs was credited through clearance. On 28.4.1995, Rs.25 Lakhs was given to Tmt. N. Sasikala through cheque and the same was debited. As per Ex.P.1986, on 7.4.1995 Rs.22 Lakhs was credited to this account through clearance and on 7.4.1995, Rs.4 Lakhs was credited. On 28.4.1995, Rs.25 Lakhs was debited by cheque to Tmt. Sasikala. On 29.4.1995 Rs.5 Lakhs was given to V.N. Sudhakaran by cheque. On 16.9.1995, Rs.99,000/- was drawn through self cheque. As per Ex.P.1998, on 28.3.1995, Rs.22 Lakhs was credited through clearance. On 7.4.1995, Rs.4 Lakhs was credited through clearance on 28.4.1995. Rs.25 Lakhs was given to Tmt. N. Sasikala through Cheque. As per Ex.P.2016, on 28.3.1995, Rs.22 Lakhs credited through clearance. On 28.4.1995, Rs.25 Lakhs had been given to Tmt. N. Sasikala through cheque and the same was debited. On 16.6.1995, through self cheque Rs.99,000/- was withdrawn on 1.11.1995.

During the cross-examination, he states that the enterprises where the 4th accused is a partner have started accounts in Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch. In Ex.P.1107, 1360, 1361, 1362, 1363, 1364, 1365, 1366, 1367, 1368 and 1369 the address to the post the accused is indicated as No.7, East Coast Road, Neelankarai, Chennai. In their bank, the accounts were opened for 10 and 11 partnership firms. Before starting accounts for such firms, they obtain the partnership documents and kept in their bank. It is not possible to say who is the active partner and who is the sleeping partner on the basis of the application. He does not know whether the 3rd accused obtained Rs.5 Lakhs loan from the amount received from Bharani Beach Resort. He does not remember on whose request Ex.P.1974 was issued. Generally nobody puts the date and he did not issue Ex.P.1369 to anybody. Four account entries differ in Ex.P.1974. The true copy of the un-indexed Lakshmi Construction Ledge folio 1140 has been initiated by Thiru Janardhana Rao. He did not sign as Manager in Ex.P.1981. There is difference in account of Ex.P.1998 and the un-indexed Sea Enclave ledger folio 1161. There is difference in the account copy of Ex.P.2010 and the un-indexed Namasivaya Housing Development ledger folio 1155. There is difference in the account copy of Ex.P.2016 and the un-indexed Sakthi Construction ledge folio 1149. There is difference in account copy of Ex.P.2022 and the un-indexedoceanic construction ledger folio 1167. There is difference in account copy of Ex.P.2028 and the un-indexed Green Garden Apartment ledger folio 1170. He does not personally anything regarding the account in Ex.P.1106. He does not know personally anything account disputes. He issued Ex.P.1160. No date is mentioned below his signature. He issued certified copy of Ex.P.1255. Date is not put below his signature. While issuing the document copies, there is no practice of putting date below certification in the bank. He denies the suggestion put to him that dates were not mentioned and issued copy in order to help the Police.

This witness was also re-examined. During the reexamination he states that there is no variation regarding the accounts of Exs.P.1974, 1980, 1986, 1988, 2004, 2010, 2016, 2022 and 2028 and the un-indexed documents.

During the cross-examination he states that the above mentioned indexed documents and the un-indexed were issued only on the request of the investigation officer.

PW.210 – V. Srinivasan was working as Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, Company Circle 1(1). During 1994, he worked as an Assistant Commissioner, Income Tax, Film Circle, Chennai-34. On 20.11.1992, Accused No.1, #36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86, filed the income tax returns for the assessment year 1991-1992 in the income tax office. Ex.P.2030 is the assessment order. As per the returns filed by accused No.1, income was shown as Rs.4,48,660/-. She has shown this income under the following three heads:

Rs.71,304/- income from house

Rs.26,316/- as a loss in business

Rs.4,03,668/- income from other sources.

Assessment year 1991-92 means from 1.4.1990 to 31.3.1991. He has assessed and passed for Rs.80,65,250/- Rs.9 Lakhs from agricultural income, that Rs.76,304/- income from the house and no income from the business. Income from other sources, cash of Rs.29 Lakhs, investment in Silver articles Rs.46,52,200/- (Silver articles 700 Kilograms). Dividend and interest Rs.4,36,746/-. He assessed like this and passed the order. From other sources, he assessed a total of Rs.79,89,946/-. In the Natyakala Nikethan, Chennai, balance sheet in her capital account, Rs.29 Lakhs was shown as credit. As per the assessment year 90-91, 31.03.1990 Selvi Jayalalitha has shown Rs.30,21,450/- as the value of silver vessels.

In the assessment year 1991-92, property tax return, Rs.70,61,400/- was shown as the value of the Silver articles upto 31.3.1991. Among them, ten persons presented the affidavits that they had given the gifts in the assessment year 1991-92. He called those 10 persons and enquired. But they told him that those gifts were given to them by different people to be given to Selvi Jayalalitha and they cannot identify the givers. As the assessee could not reveal the names of the persons, who had given the gift, the income tax department did not accept the explanation. Rs.2,38,930/- was the tax to be paid by her without interest. Moreover, for the late filing of returns and for not paying the tax in advance as interest is Rs.1,62,213/-. Adding the interest as total of sum of Rs.3,78,065/- had to be paid by her as tax. This tax was paid on 20.11.1992 along with the challan she filed the returns. As per his assessment, the balance to be paid was Rs.86,34,866/-.

During the cross-examination, he states that generally the political leaders would be given momentous and gifts when they participated in public meeting and programmer. He knows that Selvi Jayalalitha has participated in many programmes as a political leader and a party leader. Nobody would use the gold-plated silver shields and swords for daily use. He calculated Rs.80,65,250/- as the taxable income of Selvi Jayalalitha for the year from 1.4.1990 to 31.3.1991. Moreover, he decided Rs.79,89,946/- as the income from the other sources for that year. The decision he took about the gifts were confirmed in the first appeal. He does not know if in the second appeal filed against his order, whether his order was dismissed by the Tribunal. The organization by name Natyakala Nikethan has shown Rs.29 Lakhs as credit in its Balance Sheet and he has agreed for the same. Except the gifts, he agreed on the income shown by Selvi Jayalalitha from other sources.

PW.211 - P.N. Venkatesan was working as Director in Rayapettah Benefit Fund Company. On 18.10.1995, his company gave a housing loan of Rs.35 lakhs to the 4th accused. Interest levied on that loan is 24%.

PW.212 – A.V. Subbarao was a film producer since 1952. He has produced 9 films, in all those films Selvi Jayalalitha acted as heroin. The mother of 1st accused also acted in 2 or 3 films which he has produced. He and Auditor N.C.Sunderrajan are witnesses to the Will. After 2 days from the date of execution, she has expired.

During the cross-examination, he has stated that the properties bequeathed by Mrs. Sandhya Ammal to her daughter, the 1st accused.

PW.213–M. Seetharaman was working as a Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, Special Range-II. In June 1994, the files regarding Selvi Jayalalithas income tax was transferred. He undertook tax assessment work for the below mentioned assessment years.

516-500grams gold was more than the said amount. The total value for that is Rs.8,66,061/-. The amount of jewellery shown was more than the previous year 1986-87. He sought for an explanation as to how these jewels had come. For that the 1st accused replied that those were received as gifts. When he enquired thoroughly, he came to know that the reasons given were unacceptable. He has given an elaborate explanation for that in the income tax assessment order. Ex.P.2126 is the income tax assessment order. Mr. Sreenivasan passed the assessment order for the assessment year 1991-92. Rs.26,850/- as her income and Rs.4,80,000/- as agricultural income. Ex.P.2124 is the property tax returns for the year 1987-88. Ex.P.2125 is the valuation report. When reviewed the Ex.P.2125, the value of Jewels was more than the said amount. During 1988-89 an assessment order was passed. On 13.11.1992, they received Ex.P.2127 in his office. It should have been filed before 31.7.1988. In Ex.P.2127, 1st accused has shown Rs.38,910/- as income for that year and Rs.5,50,000/- as agricultural income and Rs.1173/- was paid as advance tax (TDS), Rs.9,282/- was paid as self assessment tax. Ex.P.2128 is the property tax returns filed by the 1st accused for the year 1988-89. Ex.P.2129 is the appraisers certificate. Rs.19,57,138/- is the total value of the jewellery. He sought for an explanation for that from the 1st accused. She gave explanation that they were gifted to her. This explanation was not accepted.

He passed the assessment order of the 1st accused for the year 1989-90. On 16.11.1992, the 1st accused filed the return as per Ex.P2131. In this, Rs.25,200/- was shown as income for that year and Rs.7,00,000/- as agricultural income by the 1st accused. When he reviewed, the weight and value and jewels mentioned this year were found to be more than the previous year. That is 220.09 carats diamonds 4312.300 grams gold jewels found were from the previous year. The total value for this is Rs.30,08,818/-. Explanation sought was submitted and not accepted. Rs.98,85,300/- was decided as the total property value of the 1st accused, and Rs.37,454/- was charged as property tax. Returns were filed for the assessment year 1990-91 as per Ex.P.2135/-. Rs.8 Lakhs was shown as agricultural income, Rs.9598/- was paid as TDS. Rs.61,459/- as self-assessment tax. He reviewed the property tax returns filed for this year by her. When he reviewed, 412-20 carat diamonds, 8385.350 grams gold jewels, valuing Rs.59,87,007/- were found to be more than the previous year. Apart from this, 550 Kilograms of silver things, valuing Rs.35,54,650/- were shown more than the previous year. Besides, 31 lakhs was deposited in Bank of Madura, Annanagar Branch. He asked the 1st accused about the sources for this income, for that she told that all were gifted by persons. Explanation submitted was not accepted. The total of the above mentioned three items is Rs.1,26,32,657/-. On 2.3.1995, he passed the assessment order for this year as per Ex.P.2137. He charged Rs.1,88,98,074/- as income tax with interest. For the year 1990-91, he passed the property tax assessment order on 24.2.1995 as per Ex.P.2138. Rs.2,35,36,109/- was calculated as the total property value and for that it was ordered that Rs.90,690/- had to be paid as tax. On 23.11.1992, the 1st accused filed the income tax returns for the assessment year 1992-93. The first accused as shown as Rs.6,64,528/- as income for the year. Rs.9,50,000/- was shown as agricultural income and Rs.53,574/- was paid as TDS by the 1st accused for that year. Rs.19,45,012/- was received as gift and deposited in the bank. For the year 1991-92, it was shown to the account of Natya Kala Nikethan, Chennai. Finally, he took Rs.2,18,37,350/- as her taxable income. For that year, he charged Rs.2,12,66,106/- as tax with interest. Ex.P.2140 is the assessment order issued by him. He only passed the assessment order as per Ex.P.2142. Rs.6,53,98,088/- was the total value of her property for that year. The notice was sent on 18.1.1994 as per Section 142(1) Income Tax Act. Time was extended to file return upto 31.12.1995. On 9.2.1996, the exparte order was passed. Rs.1,10,000/- was taken as house income. Rs.37 Lakhs income from interest. Rs.66,39,153/- from the bank accounts from 1.4.1992 to 31.3.1993. A total of Rs.1,04,49,153/- was calculated and he assessed the tax as Rs.96,98,801/- along with interest. The accused did not file the returns for the year 1993-94. Hence, notice was sent. Time sought for by her was given upto 11.10.1995. Returns were not filed. Exparte order was issued on 15.2.1996 as per Ex.P.2144. As per this, he imposed Rs.4,71,775/- as tax.

PW.214 - A.R.Rahman is a music composer. She requested him to perform a musical programme for her son Mr.Sudhakarans marriage on 6.9.1995. Mr. Bhaskaran along with his wife came to his house and gave the invitation with 2 silk sarees, silver kumkum casket and silver sandal bowl in a silver plate. During the investigation, he handed over all there articles to the officers of the Prevention of Corruption Department. Prabhu, s/o Shivaji Ganesan also invited him personally for this marriage. As per that on 6.9.1995, he performed the musical programme for one hour. About 25 to 30 persons were in the orchestra. He did not charge any amount for that programme.

During the cross-examination, he states that he considered it as a privilege to conduct the music programme. He did not ask for remuneration.

PW.215 – A. Selvaraj was working as Income Tax Director (Exemptions) in Chennai from August, 1995 to June, 1998. He only heard the appeals preferred against the orders passed by some Income Tax Officers. Selvi Jayalalitha preferred appeal, against the orders passed by  Seetharaman and some Income Tax Officers relating to1987-88, 1988-89, 1989-90, 1990-91, 1992-93 and also orders passed by Srinivasan for 1991-92. He clubbed all the Income Tax assessment orders into one as all the points raised in the appeal were of similar in point of law and in facts. The appellants were represented by N.A.Palkivala, Senior Counsel and Rajasehkar, Auditor. After hearing and perusing the documents, he passed a common order on 25.3.96.

Ex.P2145 is the certified copy of that order. Selvi Jayalalitha has appealed against the orders passed by some officers in relation to the property tax returns. Ex.P2146 is the common order passed. In that order, he partly allowed the appeal and partly confirmed the orders passed by his subordinate officers. He has discussed the reasons for passing that order. On 28.2.1997, he has passed an order preferred against the order relating to the assessment for the year 1992-93. That order is Ex.P2147, in that order, he has partly allowed the appeal and also he has discussed the reasons in detail. The property tax assessment order for the year 1993-94 also came up before him. He has passed an order on 16.6.1997. Ex.P2148 is that order.

During the cross-examination, he states that Rs.9,29,080/- is calculated as the income for the year 1987-88 for the first accused.

For the year 1988-89Rs. 21,29,240/-
For the year 1989-90Rs. 30,97,075/-
For the year 1990-91Rs.1,27,59,040/-
For the year 1991-92Rs. 80,85,250/-
For the year 1992-93Rs.2,18,37,350/-
 
From 1987-88 to 1992-93, the gifts and present were categorized into four and they were shown in 3rd page of Ex.P2145.

Those gifts, present, gold, silver ware, Demand Drafts are in the category of cash.

In 1991-92Rs.29 Lakhs as income
In 1992-93Rs.15 Lakhs as income
Under the gold jewels category,
In 1987-88Rs. 8,66,061/-
In 1988-89Rs.19,57,138/-
In 1989-90Rs.30,08,818/-
In 1990- 91Rs.59,78,607/-
Under the silver ware category
In 1990-91Rs.35,54,650/-
In 1991-92Rs.46,52,200/-
Under the category of Demand Drafts
In 1990-91Rs. 31,00,000/-
In 1992-93Rs.1,95,50,012/-
 
Accused No.1 showed the above mentioned details in property wealth tax returns for the year 1987-88, the first accused showed Rs.30,66,000/- and filed the wealth tax returns on 13.11.1992.

In 1988-89 wealth Rs.53,86,200/-

In 1989-90 wealth Rs.80,17,700/-

In 1990-91 wealth Rs.1,88,75,400/-

In 1991-92 wealth Rs.2,60,55,750/-

In 1992-93 wealth Rs.5,81,94,815/-

and the returns, connected with those were filed on 11.11.1992, 13.11.1992, 16.11.1992, 20.11.1992, 20.11.1992 and 23.11.1992 respectively. Like that the forms of income tax returns for the years,

1987-88 is filed on 13.11.1992

1988-89 is filed on 13.11.1992

1989-90 is filed on 16.11.1992

1990-91 is filed on 20.11.1992

1991-92 is filed on 21.11.1992

1992-93 is filed on 23.11.1992

He did not accept the claims which came under the category of gifts and presents. Gifts and presents do not incur the income tax. Aggrieved by the same, the appellant has preferred appeal before the Appellate Tribunal-II. In appeal, his order has been reversed on several occasions, it has also been confirmed. Gift articles are not shown in the Income Tax returns format, it is only shown in the wealth tax format.

Question: Accused No.1 voluntarily disclosed the gifts, cash and jewels to the Income Tax department. What do you say about this?

Ans: Particular categorys source has to be shown differently for income tax and wealth tax. In both cases of taxes, if a person suppressed about a particular category, later it can be detected and income tax can be assessed and the same time, it cannot be detected. If the particular category is shown in the returns for the same regularized then Income Tax cannot be levied. So the category which is shown in wealth tax returns cannot be taken as the category shown in the income tax returns. Those  categories are shown in the wealth tax returns, but those categories were taken as the income of the first accused. I am a Tamil conscious Tamilian. I have been watching the political situations in Tamil Nadu. I know very well that the Birthdays of leaders of political parties will be celebrated by the party workers very enthusiastically. I know that the party workers will stand in a very big long queue to give presents to the leaders. The first accused has disclosed in the income tax returns for the closing year ended 31.3.1990 that she received from 21 persons, Rs.31 lakhs through D.D.

He has mentioned in his order that the gifts and the donations received by the politicians during their birthdays should be considered as their income only. He has set-aside the imposition of Rs.12.25 lakhs as tax on Jaya Publication for every year he has given deductions of Rs.7,000/- on the tax on interest.

He has condoned the small errors of late filing of the returns and reduced the considerable amount interest levied as penalty.

PW.216 – Nazimuddin was working as District Registrar in Kallakurichy from 1.7.1998. From 8.1.1990 to 10.12.1992, he worked as a District Registrar (Admn.) in Tanjoore.

Exs.P2149 to 2151 are the certified copies of the Deed Nos.140/90, 141/90, 142/90. Sale consideration was Rs.1,39,000/-. The schedule property is a house and a vacant site in survey Nol.1091 in Black High School Road, Mahanombu Savadi, Tanjoor. As per this document, the purchaser of the property is N.Sasikala. In Ex.P2150 – sale deed, sale amount is mentioned as Rs.1,02,000/-. The schedule property is about 4500 sq.ft. of vacant site and 600 sq.ft. vacant and a dilapidated house in that in T.S.No.1091 on Black High School Road, Tanjore. This property was purchased by N.Sasikala. In Ex.P2051 – sale deed, sale amount was mentioned as Rs.1,79,400/-. The schedule property is 8970 sq.ft. of vacant site in survey No.1091 in Mahanombu Savady, Tanjoor.

During the cross-examination, he states that the documents from Exs.P2149 to 2151 were presented before the Sub-Registrar office on 31.3.1990 for registration.

PW.217 –C. Govindarajulu was working as Joint Sub-Registrar and retired on 31.12.1990. From October 1987 to December 1990, he worked as Joint Sub-Registrar No.1 in Tanjoore. After the registration of Exs.P2149 to 2151, he issued the Registration Certificate for the original documents.

During the cross-examination, he states that he registered the original documents of Exs.P2149, 2150 and 2151.

PW.218 – V. N. Soma Sundaram himself and his wife Muthulakshmi sold the land. They have received the sale amount mentioned in Exs.P2149 to 2151 (Rs.1,39,000/-, Rs.1,02,000/- and Rs.1,79,400/- respectively). During 1985, Ganapathy took Rs.3 lakhs as loan from Selvaraj in connection with contract work.

PW.219– R.S. Usman Khan has taken shop No.9 for rent. He took the shop for rent since 1.2.1996. For this, he has paid Rs.45,000/- as advance. Monthly rent of Rs.4,500/-. All these were paid through cheques only. Sasi Enterprises representative came and gave cheque to him.

During the cross-examination, he states that he handed over the copy of the agreement to the police. He did not obtain the receipt for having paid an advance of Rs.45,000/-. Since he has paid through cheques, he did not receive the receipts.

PW.220-Thiruthuva Raj has deposed that he has been working in the Public Works Department for the last 22 years. He was working as an Assistant Executive Engineer (Elecl.). His qualification was B.E.(Elecl.). He has good experience in valuing the electrical fittings in the buildings. He was working as an Assistant Executive Engineer in Electrical Sub-Division, Chepauk in 1996. At that time, Thiru Thangavelu worked as the Chief Engineer (buildings). Thiru. Souranam worked as the Executive Engineer. As per the order issued by his higher officer Thangavelu. He went to value the electrical devices in four buildings with Thiru. Sournam and Jayapal in charge in the year 1996. He went for the said work 25.10.1996 and 30.10.1996 to assess the value of electrical devices in the Siruthavoor Farm house at Alathur Village in Thirupoor, Mahabalipuram Road, he was assisted by Assistant Engineer Selvaraj. Thiru Jayapal, Inspector of Anti- Corruption and Prevention Department was with them. After valuing the electrical devices in the said house, they prepared a report. Selvaraj and he has signed the report and they handed it over to Thiru.Sournan. In the last page of the Ex.P.661, their report was attached. According to that, they have assessed the value to be Rs.17,50,000/- on 30.10.1996 they went to Paiyanur bungalow in Chengalpet Dist. led by Sournam. Along with the help of Selvaraj, they valued the electrical devices in the above said bungalow and prepared a report. They gave the report to Sournam and in that, Selvaraj and he has affixed their signatures. That report was attached in the last page of Ex.P.662. According to that, they assessed the value to be Rs.31,13,184/-. Later they went to Namadu MGR Anjaneya Printers in Ekkattuthagal for 04.11.1996 to 06.11.1996 to value the electrical devices headed by Sournam and assisted by Selvaraj. After valuing, they prepared a report and given to Sournam. At that time, the Inspector Thiru. Sanmuganandan was with them. Selvaraj and he took note of the electrical fittings. In the assessment report, Selvaraj and he has affixed their signatures. That report was attached in the last page of the Ex.P.663. According to that, the value amount is Rs.47,75,000/-. Apart from the above said three buildings, they valued the electrical devices in the Ex. Chief Minister Selvi Jayalalithas house in Poes Garden, Chennai. Thiru Selvaraj was with him for assistance. They did the investigation led by Thiru Jayapal, the Executive Engineer on 08.12.1996 and 9.12.1996. After verification, they prepared a report. They took note of all the electrical devices in the said house. The part by part details of the buildings were given in his report. The details are like this important old building, camp office, dish antenna room and new multi-storey building. For all these, he gave separate details. In that report, Selvaraj and he affixed their signatures. The report given by them is Ex.P.2152. According to these two generators (a lift with the capacity to draw six persons) air conditioners, refrigerators, televisions, decorative electrical lamps were there in the house. Apart from this, what all the articles were there in the house. He has mentioned in his report in detail. According to his report, the total electrical devices value in the said house is Rs.1,05,25,000/-.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that to inspect the property at Ciruthavur, the Asst. Executive Engineer, Sivalingam, an Assistant Engineer (Civil) were went to the said place. For assistance, Selvaraj, the Asst. Engineer came along with him. The Vigilance Engineer did not come to Ciruthavur. His assistant and he inspected the electrical devices from morning 9 am to evening 5 pm. While they were inspecting, they took notes now and then. They both inspected only the electrical devices related articles. They did not go into the building related articles. They took notes extending for about 20 to 25 pages in Ciruthavur. They did not ask the proprietor of the place to send an Electrician to help them. He can sign in English and Tamil. The Chief Engineer (Buildings) Thangavelu appointed him for this job. He has a written order to this effect. On that day, he did on duty work. He does not remember the date on which Thangavelu ordered him to take up this work in writing. The order copy came in confidential post. At that time, Thiru. Thangavelu and he were in service at Chepakkam office. It was the Chief Engineer who appointed Thiru. Selvaraj to assist him. He prepared the report of the Chiruthavur work and gave it to Thiru. Sournam, Thiru. Sournam worked as Executive Engineer (Buildings). When they took notes of the related electrical devices. Thiru Sournam was with them. But he did not take any notes and he did not prepare any reports for this work, from the police department. Thiru. Jayapal was with them. They do not know if he is present in the court now. The police made no enquiries with him, nor did they take any oral deposition for him. In Ex.P.661 and page 51 the work he has done was mentioned only in one line. It has shown that electrical devices amount is Rs.17,50,000/-. In that, the Asst. Executive Engineer (Civil) Thiru. Sivalingam, an Engineer, whose name is not known. Superintendent Engineer Thangaraj and he havesigned. “X21 is the page of the Ex.P.661. “X21 is not the work report in detail. The details of our inspection was not attached in “X21”. They have prepared a detailed report on the basis on our 25 pages brief notes. He gave the report to Sournam. It is not correct to say that Selvaraj and he did not go to Ciruthavoor, that they did not inspect anything and so they did not attach a detailed report in X21 and that the amount mentioned in the X21 is not the actual amount. In Ex.P.663 in the 7th page, it is mentioned in a line that the value of electrical devices is Rs.47,75,000/-. It bearshis signature, but his detailed report was not attached. “X22 is the 7th page of Ex.P.663. He cannot give the details of the electrical devices in that place using X22. Using X22, at present, he cannot state how the above mentioned amount was arrived at. He cannot use X21 at present moment to state what electrical devices were there and how the total sum mentioned in it was arrived at.

In the Cross-examination, he has deposed that Ciruthavur is the first place that he inspected. They inspected Ciruthavur for 2 or 3 days. Four or five days later they went to Paiyanur for inspecting buildings. They inspect the Paiyanur building in a day. The Paiyanur buildings are in one campus. After that, they went to Anjaneya press for inspection. Four days after the inspection of Paiyanur buildings, they proceeded to Anjaneya buildings. They inspected Anjaneya Press i.e. in the 1st week of December 1996, they inspected the Poes Garden building. They inspected the Poes Garden building for two days. Their team consisted of himself, his Assistant, Assistant Engineer Thiru Selvaraj, Administrative Engineer Thiru. Swarnam, Assistant Engineer (Civil), Thiru. Senthil Kumar who inspected the Ciruthavur, Paiyanur and Anjaneya press buildings. The team that inspected the Poes Garden consisted of him, Asst. Engineer Selvaraj, Administrative Engineer Thiru. Jayapal, Asst. Executive Engineer. The timings they inspected the buildings every day were from 9 am to 11 am, 11.30 am to 1.30 pm, 2.30 pm to 5 pm. All of them did the work as one team. In their team, Thiru. Swarnam is the higher officer. He assessed the electrical points and wrote a note. The Asst. Engineer Selvaraj prepared another note. The abstract/estimation could be prepared on the basis of the notes after four or five days. In X21 six members have signed, but nobody mentioned the date. The police did not ask for X21 on which the date was not mentioned. Generally the date, signature and seal are always mentioned on any report by a higher authority like him. The dates were not mentioned in Exs.P661, P662, P663 and P2152. They did not submit to the police the notes that they have made. The police too did not ask for it. He did not attach the notes in his report and send it. When they assessed those buildings, they assessed it on the basis of the prevailing market rate for that month. In Ex.P.662 they did not write the details of how old the electrical devices/fittings were. In Ex.P.662. he entered the date and his signature. The date is 28.11.1996. Every year there is expenditure incurred over wear and tear for the devices. The wear and tear costs will be deducted in the total assessment. Every year there will be a depreciation value of 5 to 10 percent and the same will be deducted. He was saying this out of his experience. The value can be indicated accurately only after referring to the department guidelines. In his report, he did not attach the cost of then prevalent market rates. For every article, he knew the difference between the wholesale rate and retail rate. In his report, he did not specify whether he has mentioned the wholesale rate or the retail rate of the articles. But, he took only the retail rate. There is a lot of difference in retail rates from place to place and shop to shop. He has mentioned the brands for the fittings and brochures of electrical instruments for some items and note mentioned for some items. According to the brands, the rates differ. In his report, he mentioned the brand names for 36 items out of 118 items. He did not take any quotations in writing from, Peverica company. He went there directly and find out the rates by oral enquiry. In his report, he did not mention how old the generator was. He was aware of the existence of the Tamil Nadu Statistics Department. That office is on D.M.S. Campus in Tenampet. He did not go over there and get the statistical index. The police did not force him to submit the report in a specified. He has mentioned his assessment in his report after an oral enquiry. He saw the diesel pump set prepared the estimations for very urgent works. Regarding electricity, the PWD guidelines have been revised twice after independence. The last time it was renewed from 1980 to 1985. He has not written the details of the items pertaining either to the PWD schedule rates or the shop rates in his report. As far as Paiyanur buildings were concerned, the electricity supply was in working condition when he was inspected but he did not mention this in his report. He enquired about 6 to 7 shops about chandeliers in Tenampet. He had drawn out a picture of the chandelier when he made a note and so he took this to Tenampet shops while making enquiries. The names of the shops are Crystalite and Modern Height, but he does not remember the names of other shops. He did not take down the notes of the chandeliers in writing from the shops. He enquired generally the rate of the chandeliers differ from year to year. There is always a discount for bulk purchase. After observing all things, he gave his assessment in his report, but he has not mentioned in writing that.

He has observed all these things and then made his report. Regarding the electrical devices, Selvaraj and he went to the above said shops and enquired about the rates. The rates of the electrical devices were enquired by him in different places like Tenampet, Parrys corner, Ambattur. There is traveling allowance for traveling over 8 kms. He did not claim any TA for this work. He used the government jeep to go to all these places. When he went to shops to enquire, he used his own motor bike. Before 1985, he claimed the TA (when I was in Trichy). The price of the two Ton “O” general air-conditioner was Rs.60,000/- (2 Ton multi spirit split into two). A person connected with the house was there when he inspected the Paiyanur house. He does not remember his name. The details are not mentioned in his report. In Ex.P.662 he has marked in a pencil on page 83 a word ‘actual. It indicates that the condition of the articles there. When he inspected the place, he did not take the signature of the person from the house, who was present in the house stating that he should be present on the premises till they finish their investigation. The Ex.P.662 was typed by the Typist Vijayakumar. He has signed it and handed it over to Swarnan.

The signature of the Inspector Jayapal was not taken in Ex.P.662, the details for Thiru. Jayapals presence at the time of the assessment was not mentioned in the assessment in Ex.P.662. Thiru. Jayapal did not sign in his note taken by him. At present, the estimation is not attached to Ex.P.661. When they inspected the Ciruthavur buildings, Thiru. Jayapal was with them. His signature is not there in Ex.P.661. The estimation for the electrical devices was not attached to Ex.P.663. He gave the estimation report to Thiru. Swarnam, but it was not attached now to the Ex.P.663. The inspector Thiru. Shanmuga Nadar was present, but his signature is not there in Ex.P.663, when they inspected the Poes Garden house, an advocate of the owner of the house was present, but he does not remember his name. At that time, along with Thiru. Nallamma Naidu, Superintendent and two police inspectors were there. But, he has also not remembered their names. At that time, Thiru. Swarnam did not come along with them. Thiru. Jayapal Administrative Engineer was with them. Nothing was given in writing to inspect the building. They inspected the building as the higher authorities and Thiru. Jayapal asked them to do. Thiru. Jayapal is the Administrative Engineer. About a month and ten days after the investigation of the Ciruthavur building, they inspected the Poes Garden building for two days. Both the days the advocate of the building owner was there. From what the others were saying gathered that the advocate was a close associate of the owner. He did not come to know this directly from the advocate. They did not receive any Court order to go and inspect these buildings. He knew that the Poes Garden house belongs to Ex.Chief Minister Selvi Jayalalitha. Thiru Jayapal orally told him and took him to the house. He did not get anything in writing. The Chief Engineer has the power to appoint and take necessary actions. The Chief Engineer did not give him any order in writing to inspect the Poes Garden. After inspecting the Poes Garden, he did not send any detailed letter to the Chief Engineer. When they inspected the Poes Garden, the Electrician Velagiri was with them. This information was not mentioned in Ex.P.2152. In Ex.P.2152 they have not taken his signature. He inspected the Poes Garden house on the words of his higher authority Thiru. Jayapal. When he inspected the building many police men were there i.e., six to seven police men. They inspected the building from 9 am to 11 am, 11.30 am to 1.30 pm (forenoon), 2.30 pm to 5 pm (afternoon). For his assistance, the Assistant Engineer Thiru. Selvaraj was with him. In the house, there was an office room and in the report he has mentioned that room as camp office. When they inspected, the 1st accused was not the Chief Minister. Already, he has taken care of the Poes Garden house, that is why he knew that is the camp office. He has taken care of the electrical devices in the said house. That Poes Garden house comes under the jurisdiction of the Asst. Executive Engineer. So, he has taken care of the electrical devices in that house. That house is a private property and it is not a government property. In his office, he was having the documents for the maintenance but at present it is not with him. He has taken care of the electrical devices in that house in 1995-96. The house comes in their office jurisdiction and because of this, he was saying that he has taken care of that house. He does not know that how many years old that house is? At that time, the Door No.31-A, Poes Garden house was under construction. He does not know that when they did the wiring for the old house. The value of the electrical devices goes with the brand of the electrical devices and usage of the articles. He has got his B.E. Degree in Electrical and Electronics in the year 1973 in PSG college of Technology, Kovai. In his Degree certificate, it is written as B.E. Electrical and Electronics. The witness is telling that in his Degree certificate, it has been written as only B.E. Electrical and not as Electronics. The Television and Antenna are the Electronics related devices like diesel engines are related to mechanical side. During his inspection, he has marked 129 items in No.36, Poes Garden House. He did not go to the enquiry to the house that the house belonged. For this, he did not verify the registered document. In his report, Ex.P.2152, he did not mention in whose name the electrical connections is there in No.36 Poes Garden house. In his estimate, his report Ex.P.2152 was not attached. In Ex.P.2152 the date of his inspection was not mentioned. It is not mentioned in Ex.P.2152 who all did the inspection and who were all present at the time of the inspection. Out of 129 items, for 30 items only they have mentioned the brand name. The 128 and 129 items were pump sets. For that, the brand name was not mentioned. The item 108 is diesel generator. For that, he put Rs.6,55,000/- as the value rate, but he did not mention the brand name. For that also he did not mention the brand name. When they are taking the note, they wont value the value the articles. After verifying the rates in the market, they have prepared the value assessment list, they put the present market rate for the items 1 to 129 when they prepared the report i.e. November 1996, market rate value. They did not verify the rates with the rates in writing. For the electrical devices the wear and tear will 5 to 10 percent for a year in their Public Works Department. After a particular period if they deduct the wear and tear value for the electrical devices, it will come to zero (0). The discount for the wear and tear for the electrical devices were not given to any articles in their above mentioned reports. For each electrical device if he calculate the years of the usage and give the discount for the wear and tear, his valuation will differ. He does not know that the discounting for the wear and tear for the electrical devices in the income-tax department. He does not know that the discounting for the wear and tear of the electrical devices in property tax department. When they prepared the above mentioned four reports, they did not keep any public with them. When they inspect, they did not take any member of the public with them. He does not know that there is any government approved value for valuing the electrical devices and Surveyors. He does not know that whether his higher officers sent his four reports to any private valuers for verification. To the best of his knowledge, he did not send it.

PW-220 was recalled and re-examined by the learned Special Public Prosecutor and questions were posed as under:

Question: In your reports have you mentioned which of the electrical devices are in working condition and which are out of order?

Answer: I valued only those devices which were in working condition.

The item Nos.130 to 204 electrical devices was mentioned under the heading “New Multi Stage Building”. The address of the building was not mentioned.

Question: Did you come to know who is the owner of the building after seeing the documents?

Answer: After seeing the documents of the electrical service connection. I came to know who the owner of the new building was. Apart from the service connection document, I did not see any other document to know the owner of the new buildings. In my value report Ex.P.2152, I did not write who is the owner of the new building. The Public Works Department does not give the electrical connections. Only the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board can give electrical connections. The service connection documents will be with the Electricity Board. I did not go the Electricity Board and I did not give any permission letter to go through the documents. In Ex.P.2152 I did not mention the number of the service connections. In Ex.P.2152 I mentioned the brand names for 17 items. Out of items 130 to 204, item 185 was valued at Rs.2,98,900/-. I did not mention the parts of the items, but mentioned it as one set. I did not mention with whom I made enquiries to arrive at this value. The item 187 is not an Indian make. Too arrive at the value of the item. I did not mention in any report with whom I made enquiries. The Ex.P.2152 was divided into 4 parts and then valued. In the Ex.P.2152, I did not mention with whom I enquired for the prices of the items, which are mentioned in 4 parts. For items 273 to prepare a plan, to make the design estimate and the supervision expenses, I calculate 9 per cent and put the amount at Rs.8,69,045/-, but I did not see any plan and the estimated design. I do not know who supervised the said one. The calculation as 9 per cent that I mentioned is a figure accepted by the PWD. I have added this amount on the basis of the idea that this normally occurs when a building is constructed. In Ex.P.662 the above mentioned 9 per cent amount was added. The amount was also added on the same opinion (in page 2 for the 24th item, I added the building value). The value is Rs.10,39,633/-. In Ex.P.663, the amount 9 per cent was not added. In Ex.P.661, the amount of per cent was not added. In Ex.P.2152 age of items 130 to 204 has not been mentioned. For these, I did not mention the wear and tear also. In the camp office heading, the items were 205 to 260. Out of this, I mentioned the brand names only for 15 items. I did not mention in my report with whom I enquired for the price details. I did not mention how old the items are and the wear and tear also. For the rates of the articles, I took the price value in November and December 1996 into account. Of the items 261 to 272 in the 4th group, I gave the brand names for 4 items only. Dish antenna belongs to the group of electronic items. The above items come under electrical and electronic good. I know about the electronic devices. I did not take any electronics experts with me, but in the Public Works Department there are Engineers qualified in Electronics and upto the level of Asst. Executive Engineers. To know the prices of the electronic articles. It is in Ex.P.661, 661, 663 and 2152. I did not take the help of our Public Works Department Electronics Engineers for the prices of the items in four documents. I have taken into account the PWD rates in November and December, 1996. I have not mentioned in my report about the places I visited and the people I met and find out the prices of the items. I have not mentioned how old the items are in the four documents. In the same way I have not given the wear and tear discount yearly. I have not written specifically if all the items in the four documents were in working condition, but all are in working condition only. For all the electrical devices, the prices vary according to the brands. In the same way labour charges vary for the lifting of the items. The police did not enquire me. I did not valuing because my team leader instructed me to do so. I do not know why he asked me, I am in the habit or reading Tamil news papers. I came to know through the news papers about the disproportionate wealth acquired by the 1st accused, the Ex.Chief Minister. When we were doing the valuation, the police were with us. Then only I did know that they were with us for this case. I know the reports were needed for this case only. In Ex.P.2152 the date of submission of the report is not mentioned. The Ex.P.2152 report was given to Thiru.Jayapal, the Administrative Engineer in December, 1996. In Ex.P.2152 my Asst.Engineer Selvaraj and I signed on the report. In that, there is no signature of my higher officer Thiru.Jaypal or other signatures. But, the Ex.P. 661 to 663 documents have my higher officers signature the Ex.P.2152 was filed in the Court in 2000. I gave Ex.P.2152 to Jayapal. I do not know what he did with it. It is not correct to say that I did not prepare the Ex.P.2152 and to say that the police prepared the report for this case and took my signature is not correct. Likewise, it is not correct to say that  Ex.P.611 to 663 documents were prepared by the police and that they took my signature. It is not correct to say that I have quoted inflated prices for the items mentioned in 4 documents. It is not correct to say that the items and devices I have mentioned are not there. It is not correct to say that I have not gone to the markets and not enquired the rates. It is not correct to say that I have gone by the instructions of the police to help the present government, as I am a government servant and giving evidence against Jayalalitha. It is not correct to say that the electrical devices prices were high in that report as instructed by the police and it is wrong to say that I put only my signature.

In the cross-examination, he has deposed that above his post is the post of the Electrical Engineer, above him is the Electrical Department Superintending Engineer post and above him the Building and Electrical Department, Chief Engineers post. There are rules in the Tamil Nadu Public Works Department to govern our functioning. A valuation of Rs.15,000/- and above has to be valued by the Electrical Engineer on his higher official. When he assessed the Electrical devices regarding this case property, he was not holding the post of an Electrical Engineer. At that time, Selvaraj worked under him. On that date, Parthasarathy was the Electrical Engineer. He did not take part in the valuation process of the electrical devices of the buildings regarding the case. In Ex.P.661, the people also have signed on it are Swarnam, Shivalingam, Shankar and Senthil Kumar. All of whom are the Civil Division Engineers. He does not know that what work those Civil Engineers did at Sinthavur Farm house. Like that, the above Civil Engineers are not aware the work they did in the house regarding electrical devices. When they inspected the electrical devices, they prepared a proceedings note which runs into five or six pages. In each pages, there are 10 to 15 entries. The proceedings note is not in the Court. He gave it Sournam. After that he did not see that anywhere. Only with the help of the proceedings notes he can give the correct total amount. After verifying to that only he can tell what all devices he inspected. He does not remember the total amount. He does not know that who is the owner of the Ciruthavur house is which they inspected and when they inspected the house, the house owner or people on his behalf were not present. There are many bungalows in Ciruthavur of which one they inspected is not mentioned in X21. Using the grand total they cannot give the details of the electrical devices and the prices. The details of the time duration they spent in the Ciruthavur Farm are not mentioned in Ex.P.661. Their department value guideline was not attached in Ex.P.661 to Ex.P.662 and Ex.P.21 and 22. Regarding the electrical devices in the Ciruthavur Farm house, they prepared a model plan, but they did not attach it to, Ex.P.661. In Ex.P.662 the date of the inspection was not mentioned specifically. Those who signed on X21 did not mention the dates below their signatures. The dates were not mentioned on pages of Ex.P.661. They do not know on which date Ex.P.661 was sent to the police. For Ex.P.662 the rate preparing in November, 1996 have been taken into account. It is not mentioned in Ex.P.662 when those electrical devices were fixed. It is not possible that these devices may have been fixed a few weeks before they inspected. They did not mention in their report whether the wires and devices were of good standard or not. They have noted the fans and tube lights as ‘fixtures. Those details were not there in their report. If they had mentioned in their report about the standard and the number of the devices, they would have know the correct prices. In their report, they took the market value for the articles while preparing the report. It was not prepared according to the PWD rates. He has not taken in writing from shop keepers about the market rates if the articles existing then. They did not mention the break up figures of the electrical devices. They did not go to the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board to find out about the electrical connections of the building they inspected. At that time of their inspection apart from Inspector Jayapal, his higher officers were not present there. They inspected the Paiyanur bungalow for about one to one-and-a-half hours. We prepared a proceedings Note, model plan of the electrical devices in the Paiyanur bungalow. He gave them to the Executive Engineer Swarnam. That model plan and the proceedings note were not submitted in the Court. The value mentioned in the report is only a rough estimation. They cannot assess the electronic items. In Ex.P.663 on page No.5, the registered electrical device is X25. In X22 and X25, the break up figures of the electrical devices are not mentioned. The details of how the mentioned amount was calculated were also not there. For Ex.P.663 they prepared a proceeding note and model plan, but that was not attached in Ex.P.663. The one time value in Ex.P.661, the answers he has given tallied with Ex.P.663. The detailed report they prepared was not attracted with Ex.P.663. When they signed on Ex.P.663, they did not ask what happened to the report they prepared. The electrical devices in “Namadu MGR” and Anjaneya Printers were valued for about one to one and-ahalf- hours. In that valuation, apart from Selvaraj, nobody was involved in the proceedings. At that time of the valuation, apart from the Inspector, no other individual was present there.

In Ex.P.2152 the model plan, break up figures, price list (our department and the market rate), electrical devices price, transportation charges, electrician labour charges and wages of the assistants were not mentioned. In Ex.P.2152 for the first term a comparative tabular chart was prepared, but it was not attached to Ex.P.2152. Documentary evidence for the prices of items in Ex.P.2152 was not attached. They valued the electrical devices in three types of buildings. Out of that, electrical device in the old building may have been fixed for 10 years before they inspected. In the new buildings, the electrical devices may have been fixed two weeks before their inspection. In Ex.P.2152 they did not mention the details like the gauge of electrical wires, how many electrical wires in one slot and how many coil wires, the standard and types. When they come to know the correct price value of the above mentioned articles, then only they can assess correctly. All the items places in Ex.P.2152 were prepared in a tabular chart, but it was not attached with Ex.P.2152. If it had been attached, it would have been possible to do the correct assessment. The assessment value amount is approximate value. Out of our experience, they did the assessment. For the price of the articles, they did not take any proof from the shop keepers. The items in Exs.P2152, 66, 70, 71, 72, 73, 77 to 82, 185, 191, 254, 255, 256, 259, 260, 261, 261 and 264 were the electrical devices. In their department there is a Radio Engineer to value the electronics items, but he did not come along with them. Since our team members do not have any training to value the electronic devices, they cannot do the assessment. For the item 58 they did not mention the manufacturing companys name and capacity in the Ex.P.2152. Depending upon the company and capacity, the price will be fixed. The details will be applicable to item 61 also. The items from 126 to 129 were made out of stone and it is a decorative item. So, they do not have the qualification to assess those items. They have to do more assessment for the glass ware fixed in the items 150 to 156. The value is less for the electrical devices. The AC units (items 70 to 72) were old, yet they did the assessment. The value of the AC machines goes down if used regularly. In Ex.P.2152 the valued AC unit they have not taken into consideration of the wear and tear of the machine. So, they did not mention the prices of it items 107 and 108 how old are they and its wear and tear value account was not mentioned in Ex.P.2152. The items 186 to 196 in Ex.P.2152 they did not mention how old they were and the market price. They did not submit any proof to show what exactly the marked rate of those items was. In Ex.P.2152 they did not mention for the item 204 about the cable drawn from where to where and the details of the work done. In his report, he did not mention why the cable was used. Items 223, 224 and 225 are chandeliers. He has not attached any proof about the market prices in Ex.P.2152. The answer given by him to the item 58 is applicable to item 235 also. The camp office mentioned in their report is the Chief Ministers office. In the camp office, the electrical devices, electrical articles and electricity connection were taken by the Tamil Nadu Government expenditure. The items from 261 to 270 were the electronic items. They do not know the assess these items. If the owner of the building directly purchased the electrical devices and the articles and fixed them, there is a chance that the price will be 30 per cent to 40 per cent less than in their assessment. For the item 272, no document was attached as proof. If the building owner directly took care to fix the electrical devices for the item 273, no expenditures will be incurred. At the time of their assessment, other than the police and us, nobody was there. At the time of our assessment, they did not enquire with the building owners or the people who belonged there.

PW.221 – R. Kesava Ramanujam was working as the Deputy Inspector General of Registration in Central Chennai. He speaks about unregistered document, Trust document, General Power of Attorney document, documents registered with other states, 90 documents registered by Rajagopalan, District Registrar, North Chennai. He speaks about the following documents:

Exs.P79, P75, P77, P78, P324, P46, P96, P97, P98, P99, P100, P101, P102, P68, P330, P339, P345, P350, P357, P909, P161, P291, P148, P363, P366, P377, P388, P396, P408, P419, P431, P513, P443, P450, P456, P143, P144, P145, P146, P772, P165, P172, P147, P174, P180, P467, P472, P477, P488, P184, P190, P153, P154, P155, P156, P197 are undervalued documents. In case of Ex.P105, the purchasers name, addresses were not filledup. Lateron, they were included in the document.

Exs.P248, P135, P136, P207, P214, P221, P910, 911 are undervalued documents.

Exs.P104, P912, P913.

Ex.P30 is the power of attorney, Exs.P140 and P142 are the sale agreements.

The Government has incurred the loss of stamp duty and registration charges.

During the cross-examination, he states that there is a District Committee to verify the document registration. If the Inspection Committee finds out the defect, they should tell the same to the Sub-Registrar and he should refer it. The Sub-Registrar has right to find out the defects. He did not go personally to find out whether less stamp duty was collected on the document. He does not know the condition of the enquiry under Section 47A (1). After completion of the enquiry under Section 47A (1), they would know whether the document is defect in stamp duty. Once in three months officials would come from the Head Officer for internal audit. Their work is to verify whether the stamp duty and assessment are correct. Nallamma Naidu gave 165 documents to examine.

Ex.P190 is the original copy. It is not mentioned as certified copy. The Officer has signed in that without date. The date seal is there without date. Their Department did not take action for the less stamp duty. Generally in villages, they would not calculate land by square feet. In villages guidelines will be in acre. He did not see guidelines register, when he inspected Uthukadu village. It is not mentioned in the document whether it is a wet land or dry land. In Ex.P30, it is mentioned that it is V.N.Sudhakarans Green Farm House, Chennai. The sale agreement was written in favour of Green Farm House. There is no need to register the unregistered sale agreement. Sudhakar was the partner of Green Farm House. In Ex.P31, it is mentioned that Sudhakaran is an agent. He cannot take Exs.P32 and 42 as sale documents because the stamp duty was not paid and it was not registered. Exs.P513 and P515 are not taken or doubled value because this property is not arable land.

PW.222 – C. Jayaraman has deposed that from 4.6.1990 to 9.1.1992, he worked as a Joint Sub-Registrar, in Adyar Sub-Registrar Office. The original Deed of Document No.4640/1990 was permitted for registration by his predecessor Sub-Registrar V.S. Doreswamy. Ex.P168 sale deed was sold by S.K.R. Vishwanathan. The purchasers are partners of Jaya Publication namely, Jayalalitha and M. Sasikala. Consideration amount is Rs.3 lakhs. Rs.15,34,500/- is the market value of the schedule property of this document.

During cross examination, he states that he did not send this document for market value assessment.

PW.223 – Somasekara Reddy has deposed that he was working as a Manager in Kalyani Constructions in Wellington Plaza, Anna Salai, Chennai. The Wellington Plaza has ground floor and three more floors. All are offices and shops. M. Srinivasa Reddy is the Proprietor of Wellington Plaza who is also head of the Kalyani Constructions. In Wellington Plaza shop Nos. 24 and 25 in first floor were let on rent on Super Duper TV from 1.2.1995 till March or April 1998. As an advance, he received ten months rent i.e., Rs.64,000/-. Agreement was made on 1.2.1995. As a Director of Super Duper TV Company, Sri. V.N. Sudhakaran has signed the Agreement. For the above mentioned two shops, monthly rent was Rs.6,400/- and this amount was given through cheques every month.

During his cross examination, he states copy of the agreement has not been submitted to the Court. He did not submit the receipt for the advance paid.

PW.224 –K.N. Thiyagaraja Swamyhas deposed that during 1995, for Sri. V.N. Sudhakarans marriage in Chennai, he cooked exclusively for VIPs. Sasikala and her sister-in-law Tmt. Santhana Lakshmi and others who appointed him for the cooking. They told him to meet Ramkumar. He supervised the preparation of afternoon meal. For each leaf, he prepared three sweets including carrot halwa, pachadi, two poriyals, chips, vada, happalam, payasam, rice, sambar, rasam and curds. Based on his fifty years experience and prices then prevailed, he estimated that Rs.55 to Rs.60/- was spent to each meal. About 2,000 VIPs consumed food. The VIP Dining place could seat about 350 to 400 people at a time. 20 persons worked under him. They gave him Rs.11,850/- as salary. A person from Shivaji Films gave the above mentioned cash. For 200 persons, six sacs rice was used. 120 to 150 kgs. Of vegetables were used. He does not know anything about cool drinks, juice and thambulam items.

During cross examination, he states the bride is the actor Shivaji Ganeshans granddaughter. He received payment in cash from Shivaji Films.

PW.225 –S. Ravichandran has deposed that he was working as Cashier in Indian Bank at Abhirampuram Branch at Chennai. His duties include counting cash paid by customers, checking entry, sealing the challan with date for the money received, initialing the challan. He speaks about transaction pertaining to Sri. Nageshwar Rao.

PW.226 – N. Thiyagarajan has deposed that he was working as Assistant Commissioner, Revenue Administration, Chepakam, Chennai. From 24.3.1994 to 20.4.1995, he served as a Tahsildar, Uthukottai Taluk. Ex.P660 was sent to him through District Collector and Sub-Collector. The application was given by M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd. It was addressed to District Collector. In that application, a requisition was made to allot 220.20 acres land in Adilivakkam and Velagapuram villages in Uthukottai District to establish papaya farm. In the application Ex.P660, the District Collector has written a note in English to examine and initiate necessary proposals at an early date.

During cross examination, he states even though proper steps have been taken, since the allotment was not made, the allotment order has been cancelled.

PW.227 – N. Sundararajan has deposed that from July 1996 till March 1998, he worked as Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax. He examined the income tax related files of Selvi.Jayalalitha and Thirumathi N. Sasikala from 1987-88 assessment year till 1996-97 financial year. The income tax return for the assessment year 1987-88 should have been submitted on or before 31.7.1987. But, Selvi Jayalalitha filed returns for the year 1987-88 assessment year only on 3.12.1992. In this her self assessment tax of Selvi Jayalalitha she has remitted Rs.2,675/- on 13.11.1992. Subsequently, after the assessment order, she remitted Rs.1,11,672/- on 28.8.1995. In the month of March 1998, this assessment order was reopened. He reopened it after obtaining permission from the Income Tax Commissioner. It was reopened with a reason that she has not shown the agricultural income.

Selvi Jayalalitha filed income tax return for the year 1988-89. It should have been filed before 31.7.1988. On 13.11.1992 as self assessment tax Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.9,282/-. The Deputy Commissioner passed the assessment order for this year on 28.8.1995. Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.5,54,200/- as tax. Later on, this file was reopened by him because of non disclosure of agricultural income.

On 16.11.1992, income tax return for the assessment year 1989-90 was filed. It should have been filed before 31.8.1989. On 13.11.1992, she remitted Rs.9,905/- as self assessment tax. On 28.8.1995, Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.8,08,256/- towards tax.

On 20.11.1992, Selvi Jayalalitha filed income tax return for the assessment year 1990-91. This return should have been filed within 31.8.1990. Self assessment tax of Rs.61,549/- was remitted on 21.11.1992. Deputy Commissioner passed the assessment order through Ex.P2137.

DateTax paid
20.11.1995Rs.5 lakhs,
8.12.1995Rs.5 lakhs,
18.11.1996Rs.5 lakhs
28.2.1996Rs.5 lakhs
19.3.1996Rs.5 lakhs
16.4.1996Rs.2,24,780/-
24.4.1996Rs.5 lakhs
24.5.1996Rs.4 lakhs
 
This file was reopened for non disclosure of agricultural income.

On 20.11.1992 Selvi Jayalalitha filed income tax for the assessment year 1991-92. Deputy Commissioner passed the assessment order vide Ex.P.2030. ON 21.11.1992 Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.3,78,065/- including interest as self assessment tax. After passing assessment, she remitted Rs.10 lakhs on 1.10.1994, Rs.5 lakhs on 26.12.1994 and Rs.7 lakhs on 21.1.1995. This file was also reopened for non disclosure of agricultural income.

On 23.11.1992, Selvi Jayalalitha filed income tax return for the assessment year 1992-93. Self assessment tax of Rs.3,89,145/- on 23.11.1992. Ex.2140 assessment order was passed. In March 1998, for the same reason, he reopened it and on 28.3.2000, passed the reassessment order.

Selvi Jayalalitha did not file income tax return for the financial year 1993-94. Last date for filing was 31.8.1993. Therefore, on 9.2.1996, Deputy Commissioner passed ex parte order on 15.12.1992. Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.5,23,757/- as advance tax. On 13.3.1996, Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.15,442/- as self assessment tax, on 16.3.1993 remitted Rs.3,49,171/- as advance tax.

On 23.9.1996 Selvi Jayalalitha filed income tax return for the financial year 1994-95. Ex.P217 is the assessment order. Selvi Jayalalitha remitted Rs.87,158/- on 15.9.1993 as advance tax. On 15.12.1993, she remitted Rs.87,158/- and on 15.3.1994 she remitted Rs.1,16,212/-.

On 8.11.1996, Selvi Jayalalitha filed income tax returns for the financial year 1995-96. She remitted Rs.87,158/- on 13.9.1994 and Rs.87,158/- on 12.12.1994 as advance tax. Assessment order was passed on 30.3.1999.

On 18.11.1996, she filed income tax return for the financial year 1996-97. She remitted Rs.87,158/- on 13.9.1996 and Rs.87,158/- on 8.12.1996 and Rs.7.05 lakhs on 14.3.1996 as advance tax. On 30.3.1999, tax assessment order was passed.

For the financial year 1988-89, she filed income tax return on 30.11.1992. On 13.12.1992, she remitted Rs.89,618/- as self assessment tax. Ex.P2178 is the tax assessment order.

On 16.12.1992, she filed property tax return for the year 1989-90. On 13.11.1992, she remitted Rs.2,68,475/- as self assessment tax. On 20.11.1992, she filed property tax return for the year 1990-91. She remitted Rs.6,02,757/- as self assessment tax and remitted Rs.90,619/- as regular tax on 9.6.1995.

Property tax returns for the year 1991-92, 1992-93, 1993-94 was filed.

On 23.2.1993, Tmt. N. Sasikala filed income tax return filed income tax return for the year 1985-86. Similarly, on 23.2.1993, she filed return for the year 1986-87. For the year 1987-88, she filed income tax return on 23.2.1993. She also filed income tax return for the assessment year 1988-89 on 23.2.1993. Assessment order was passed.

Ex.P2189 is receipt for having remitted Rs.2,42,241/- in the bank including interest. Ex.2191 is income tax return filed by second Accused on 23.2.1993.

Similarly, she filed income tax return for the year 1992-93 on 23.2.1993 and for the year 1993-94 on 8.2.1996, she paid Rs.7,62,151/- as tax.

On 25.2.1993, she filed property tax return for the year 1985-86. For the year 1987-88, she filed property tax return. She paid tax Rs.7,486/-.

She filed income tax return for the year 1988-89 on 25.2.1993. For the assessment year 1989-90, she filed income tax return on 25.2.1993. Ex.P2206 is property tax return filed by 2nd Accused on 25.2.1993 for the assessment year 1990-91. For the year 1991-92, she filed property tax return on 26.2.1993. Ex.2210 is the property tax return filed by the second accused on 26.2.1993 for the assessment year 1992-93.

During his cross examination, he states he dont know whether Sri. P. Chidambaram, Finance Minister was opposed to Selvi Jayalalitha. To reopen the case, he took superior officers permission.

He reopened the income tax return since agricultural income was not furnished.

PW.228 – R. Rajasekaran has deposed that he worked as Chartered Accountant. For the assessment years 1987-88 to 1992-93 he filed income tax and property tax returns on different dates of November 1992. Selvi Jayalalitha has not maintained any account with regard to agricultural income. Ex.P2176 is the income tax returns of Selvi Jayalalitha for the assessment year 1996-97. Sri. V.N. Sudhakarans marriage was also mentioned in this return. He verified the bank account statements, proof of purchasing the documents, details income of rent, estimated income of Vinod Video Vision Company.

The property tax return for the year 1985-86 was submitted by him on behalf of Tmt. Sasikala on 25.2.1993. Property tax returns of 1986-87, 1987-88, 1988-89, 1989-90, 1990-91, 1991-92, 1992-93 were submitted on different dates of the year 1993. He has affixed his signature to the mahazar when the search of the accused house and office were conducted. Ex.P2218 is the mahazar relating to search in respect of house No.57, Subramanyapuram Street, Abhirampuram, Chennai.

PW.229 - M. Devaraj speaks about the Government Order issued by the Governor of Tamilnadu granting permission to prosecute Selvi Jayalalitha for the offence punishable u/s.120-B of Indian Penal Code r/w. Section 13[2] and 13[1][e] of Prevention of Corruption Act.

PW.230– N.V. Balaji has deposed that he was working as a Chartered Accountant from 1988, he knows A2, A3 and A4. He was one of the witness who has affixed his signature to the form to register i.e., firm Vigneshwara Builders. He has attested his signature to the Ex.P747 application for registration of Lakshmi Constructions. He has attested his signature to Ex.749 application for registration of Gopal Promoters. He has attested his signature to Ex.741 application for registration of Shakti Constructions. He has attested his signature to Ex.753 application for registration of Namashivaya Housing Development. He has attested his signature to Ex.755, 757, 759, 761, 763 which are applications for registration. He has attested his signature to the partnership concern of Sudhakaran Sasikala Ilavarasi and Lex Properties Development Private Limited.

Tmt. J. Ilavarasi in the income tax returns for the years 1994-95 and 1995-96 mentioning that there was no business in these years. Ex.P2225 is a file concerning the partnership deed. There is also photocopy of lease deed referred to Plot No.1, Multi Street, VGP Garden Beach Housing, Cholalinganagar, Chennai. Item No.14 in Ex.P2224 is file relating to Shakti Constructions. Item No.15 in Ex.P2224 is file relating to Navashakti Contractors and Builders. Ex.P2224 Item No.16 is file relating to Green Garden Apartments. Ex.P2224 item No.17 is file relating to Oceanic Constructions. Ex.P2224 item No.18 is the file related to Lakshmi Constructions. Ex.P2224 item No.19 is the file related to Gopal Promoters. Ex.P2224 item No.20 is the file related to Sea Enclave. Ex.P2224 item No.21 is the file related to Vigneshwara Builders. Ex.P2224 item No.22 is the file related to Ayyappa Properties Development. Ex.P2224 item No.23, item No.1 pertains to Namashivaya Housing Development and J.J. Leasing and Maintenance respectively. Ex.P2224 item No.3, Ex.P2224 item No.4, Ex.P2224 item No.5 and item No.8 pertains to Green Farm House, Fresh Mushrooms, Jaya Publications and Marble Marvels respectively. He was appointed by Ramaraj Agro Mills to do the secretarial work to change the partnership deed. They made arrangement to change the share certificate to Tmt. N. Sasikala and Sri. V.N.  Sudhakaran and some more persons whose names werementioned by the concerned. Ex.P2224 item No.33 is the file which contained application for change of share certificate of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd.,. Ex.P2245 is the file. Ex.P2224 item No.33 is the file containing Minutes of the Directors of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd.

During cross examination, he states that Green Farm House purchased a land in Vettuvankeni for Rs.3,63,120/-. Green Farm House purchased a land of 37 cents for Rs.1,24,540/- at Eenchampakkam and 16.75 cents for Rs.2,70,200/- in Sholinganallur. J.S. Housing Development purchased properties at Akkarai Village for Rs.9,95,670/-. They took loan for Rs.7 lakhs from Indian bank, Abhirampuram Branch and started construction. A1  had no connection with J.J. Leasing and Maintenance and its activities. Accused Nos. 3 and 4 purchased shares from four already developed companies. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., Meadow Agro Farm Pvt. Ltd., Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., and Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd., were companies purchased from Promoters cum Directors by the Accused Nos.3 and 4. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., purchased properties namely, Door No.149, TTK Road, Chennai – 18 and Door No.1, Palace road, Nungambakkam, Chennai. Value of the property was shown as Rs.57,00,040/-. Balance Sheet reveals company took loan of Rs.57,00,000/- from Kalyani Constructions Pvt. Ltd. Then Accused No.3 and 5 got loan from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch, and purchased property in Door No.150, TTK Road, Chennai – 18 in the name of the company. They took a loan of Rs.83 lakhs for the above mentioned bank. But, they purchased the property only for Rs.59,28,050/-. On 15.3.1995, the Indian Bank Abhirampuram Branch, as per the sanction given by Central Office gave a loan of Rs.133 lakhs to Lex Property Pvt. Ltd. Moreover, the above company purchased property in Door No.30, V.O.C. Nagar, Thanjavoor for Rs.19,03,088/- by overdraft amount from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch. J. Farm House got a loan of Rs.50 lakhs on 17.10.1995 from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch. With this loan amount the company purchased land of 1.29 acres in Eenchambakkam for Rs.6,49,770/- and nine ground land in Chollinganallur Village for Rs.2,86,441/-. If a person buys a share in the company, he is only owner of the share and not the owner of companys property. In addition to this, he is not responsible for companys loans in future if he sells those shares he is eligible only for profit or loss in the sale. The Accused Nos. 3 and 4 purchased 100% share of Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., for Rs.5,500/- and sold them at the same rate. Through the Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch, Central Office of Indian Bank allowed the following loan amounts for the following companies:

a. J. Real Estate on 7.4.95 – Rs. 25 lakhs

b. J.S. Housing Development on 7.4.95 – Rs.12.46 lakhs

c. Lex Property Development on 15.3.95 – Rs.133 lakhs

d. J. Farm House on 17.10.95 – Rs.50 lakhs

e. Kodanadu Tea Estate on 28.09.95 – Rs.375 lakhs

f. Maha Subbu Lakshmi Kalyana Mantapam on 10.11.94 – Rs.17.85 lakhs.

Apart from this Lex Property Development Ltd., has obtained overdraft of Rs.19,03,088/- from the above Bank. Maha Subbu Lakshmi Kalyana Mantapam obtained amount on 10.9.94 Rs.17,85,274/- by way of overdraft. Anjaneya Printers was registered under the Indian Companies Act on 14.7.93. At that time, the paid capital was Rs.1.50 lakhs. Accused Nos. 2 and 3 were Directors of this company at that time. Second Accused invested Rs.90,000/- and third Accused invested Rs.60,000/-. From the beginning, the company was carrying on printing work. Anjaneya Printers earned Rs.9,89,690/- in the year 1993-94. Anjaneya Printers earned in many ways like printing text books, printing daily newspapers for outsiders, printing wall posters, selling scrap. Anjaneya Printers has received Rs.50,60,000/- through public investment. In 1994-95, Anjaneya Printers did business for Rs.1,23,94,734/- by wholesale, Rs.4,45,522/- by selling scrap material and through other income Rs.61,855/-. Moreover, they got Rs.18,60,000/- by share distribution, Rs.50 lakhs through bank loans and Rs.43,18,818/- through overdraft facilities.

Through those 16 organizations, funds for the scheme were received from Namathu MGR Magazine. Income of Rs.1,05,000/- was received as rent. Anjaneya Printers received Rs.51 lakhs from Jaya Publications and Rs.15,90,608/- from Namathu MGR Account. Anjaneya Printers received Rs.1,74,46,363/- as income for the year 1995-96 by sales and other categories. Moreover, they got percentage income for the above mentioned amount for the period from 1.4.96 to 30.4.96. Salary and dividends were given to Directors of Anjaneya Printers. Jaya Publications was started in 1998. It undertook different publishing works. The main job of this concern was to run Namathu MGR. Namathu MGR is the All India AIADMK Parties authorized daily magazine. Namathu MGR maintained a separate bank account. Jaya Publications also maintained a separate bank account. A scheme was created for contribution through it at least Rs.15,000/- or Rs.18,000/- was received by Namathu MGR Magazine. There were so many organizations set up for AIADMK. MGR Youth wing, Jayalalitha Perani, Advocates Wing, Medical Wing, ladies Wing etc., are 16 organizations. Through those 16 organizations funds for the scheme were received from Namadhu MGR Magazine. By annual budgetary fund Namadhu MGR received as under:

a. 1991-92 - Rs.82,14,000/-

b. 1992-93 – Rs.2,23,26,000/-

c. 1993-94 – Rs.2,07,75,000/-

d. 1994-95 – Rs.5,57,37,000/-

e. 1995-96 – Rs.3,53,37,000/-

Namadhu MGR received income as under:

In 1991-92 – Rs.64,56,373/- through sales and printing, Rs.45,04,025/- through Advertisement, Rs.9,54,973/- through some other categories.

They got income for the year 1992-93 as follows:

Sales and Printing – Rs.21,01,290/-

Advertisement - Rs.90,12,224/-

Other categories – Rs.7,69,505/-

They got income for the year 1993-94 as follows:

Rs.54,59,642/- through sales and printing and income of Rs.1,05,000/- by way of rents. Rs.12,90,500/- by way of rent. Rs.16,21,255/- through other categories.

Namadhu MGR Company in the year 1994-95 received Rs.2,81,00,333/- through sales, printing and advertisement. Rs.15,87,310/- through rent, Rs.3,00,000/- through rent on machines, Rs.14,97,940/- through other categories.

They got income for the year 1995-96 as follows:

a. Through Sales, Printing and Advertisement – Rs.2,50,28,552/-

b. Rent – Rs.15,47,832/-

c. Rent on machines – Rs.3,00,000/-

d. Other categories– Rs.15,02,310/-

Jaya Publications settled loan of Rs.1.50 Crores for buying Tansi Property from the above mentioned income of Namathu MGR.

For this case, while Nallamma Naidu in his office examined him for many hours, he gave all the details about the income from 1.4.91 to 30.3.96 of Jaya Publications, Namathu MGR and Anjaneya Printers. Even then, Nallamma Naidu has not shown income details of Jaya Publications concern in this case. Namathu MGR has a daily accredited to get Government Advertisement. He showed all the details about the annual income of each and every year of Namathu MGR and handed over all the documents to him. Tmt. Sasikala administered daily and banking activities of Jaya Publications. She was the Administrative Director. Selvi Jayalalitha was a dormant partner of Jaya Publications.

Vinod Video Vision was owned by Tmt. Sasikala. That concern deals with equipments of television for rent video covering, editing, advertisement, mixing, and printing of video films. All the income and expenditure accounts relating to this company were handed over by him to Nallamma Naidu. He did not give acknowledgement. Due to that reason, at present, he is giving evidence by seeing remaining documents.

In 1993-94, Namathu MGR got Rs.21,11,017/- as net income. In 1994-95, this concern got Rs.28,77,327/- as net income. For the year 1995-96, this concern got Rs.29,48,338/- as net income. Further, for the above said income from 1.4.96 till 30.4.96 average income was earned. Our company has taken care of income and expenditure accounts of that company from 1993. The concern paid income tax. The concern got Rs.23,62,140/- as net income for the year 1994-95. That concern got Rs.15,14,147/- as net income for the year 1995-96. Nallamma Naidu seized ledgers, receipts and expenditure account from him. In the affairs of Jaya Publications, Sasi Publications, Namathu MGR, Anjaneya Publications, at any time, neither Tamil Nadu Government nor Jayalalitha interfered either directly or indirectly. Recovery cases were filed against J.S. Housing Development, J. Farm House, Kodanadu Tea Estate. They are liable to pay Rs.5,32,30,274/- to the Indian Bank. Above mentioned details of the loan were not mentioned in the enclosures. Facts universal belongs to Tmt. Sasikala. She got Rs.5 lakhs through this concern. Ramraj Agro Mills got Rs.65,63,653/- loan from SIPCOT and City Union Bank. As an Auditor of the company which is involved in this case, he handed over all the accounts maintained by them, hand books, computer floppies to Nallamma Naidu when investigated on several days for several hours. The Accused Nos. 1 to 4 purchased properties from the income of their own. From 1985, Sasikala paid income tax and property tax. Ilavarasi also paid income tax and property tax earlier to 1985.

During cross examination by Accused No.3, he has stated Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd., was interested in producing entertainment programme. According to that, they would fix an instrument in one place and give cable connection through operators. Each and every cable operator has to pay Rs.5,000/- and join the scheme created by Super Duper TV. Ramraj Agro Mills Pvt. Ltd., was a private limited. It is registered under the Companies Act. This company started in the year 1980. Many Directors took charge of the Rice Mills at different times. In 1994, when that concern sold the shares, the Accused No.2 purchased 1,20,000 shares at the rate of Rs.3/-, the Accused No.3 purchased 1,20,000 shares at the rate of Rs.3/-. The cost of the construction made by that company belongs only to that company and not to his shareholders. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd., paid Rs.15,75,000/- to SIPCOT Company from the money which it collected from the operators i.e., Rs.5,000/- each. The amount shown as fixed deposit in the account of Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd., in the above said attachment list are the amount so collected through the above said applications. Recovery cases were pending against Maha Subbulakshmi Kalyana Mantapa. A loan for Rs.17,86,000/- was taken from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram by Maha Subbulakshmi Kalyana Mantapa.

PW.231 – S. Kumar has deposed that Sri. V.N. Sudhakaran is his employer. Since 1993, he is working as Manager in Kalyana Mantapa. Rs.900/- was monthly salary during 1993. They used to rent out the above Kalyana Mantapa for functions type marriages, engagements and receptions.

The profit after deducting expenses, profit was as follows:

Months

Amount [Rs.]

August 1993Rs.57,419/-
September 1993Rs.27,587/-
October 1993Rs.30,580/-
November 1993Rs.27,103/-
January 1994Rs.52,085/-
February 1994Rs.61,418/-
March 1994Rs.49,450/-
April 1994Rs.29,436/-
May 1994Rs.44,231/-
June 1994Rs.44,231/-
June 199417,551/-
August 199431,310/
September 199465,872/-
October 199416,794/-
November 199431,806/-
December 199417,228/-
January 199530,471/-
February 199550,017.10 paise
March 199556,409/-
April 199514,469/-
May 199580,241/-
June 199584,682/-
July 19952,550/-
August 199566,407/-
September 199555,414/-
October 19959,612/-
November 199557,497/-
December 199535,004/-
January 199643,577/-
February 199687,242/-
March 19961,20,055/-
April 199658,048/-
 
During cross examination of Accused No.3, Kalyana Mantapa was rented out for conference, textile business, exhibitions, cinema shootings, two or three small functions will be held in a month, income through small functions will be Rs.10,000/- to Rs.12,000/- per month.

PW.232 – Dr. Subramanian Swamy has deposed that he was a President of Janatha Party. Before that, he was a Member of Parliament for five times. During 1990-91, for 7 months, he was a Minister in the Central Ministry in Commerce and Law Department. When Mr.Narashimarao was the Prime Minister, he was the President for 2 years in “GATT”. It had ministerial status. He has received a Doctorate in Economics from Horward University – America. In Horward University, for about 10 years, he worked both as a Junior Professor and then full time Professor.

On 14.6.96, he presented a complaint against Ex. Chief Minister Selvi Jayalalitha before City Civil Court, Chennai. He gave this complaint for the property of Selvi Jayalalitha, disproportionate of her Rs.1/- as monthly income. This he came to know from the Parliament and the complaint was lodged on the basis of the reply. He gave some others name also in the complaint and asked that their properties also should be included with the properties of Selvi Jayalalitha. He has given the documentary proof for that. In the above mentioned complaint, he has mentioned Mrs.Sasikala her close relatives in Paragraph-15. When he has lodged the complaint Selvi Jayalalitha was not in power. So, he has mentioned in the complaint that he does not need to get permission for filing the case. As per the information he has received, he has mentioned in the complaint the properties of 1st accused on the basis of the complaint. His sworn statement was recorded by the Court. That complaint is registered as Criminal Miscellaneous Petition No.3238/1996. In that complaint, he has requested the court to get more witnesses by further investigation. In pursuance of Section 202 of Cr.P.C., the Judge directed it to be investigated. During this case investigation, Mr.Nallamma Naidu enquired him.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that when he was the Minister, he gave the particulars of hisassets to the Prime Minister. Then Mr.Chandrashekar was the Prime Minister. When he won as the M.P. from Madurai Constituency, he has not submitted particulars of his assets to the Parliament. It was mandated. It was not necessary for him to show his truthfulness. Hence, he did not submit his particulars of his assets. In 1977, he was elected as M.P. from Bombay (North East) Constituency. In 1980 also he was elected from the same constituency.

Then also he did not submit particulars of his assets in the parliament. Nobody had asked for those details.

PW-232 was recalled and re-examined by the learned Special Public Prosecutor and questions were posed as under:

Question: if I ask you, will you as a citizen, submit your particulars of assets?

Reply: You do not have the right to ask for it but I will consider it if Selvi Jayalalitha writes a letter asking about my particulars of assets. Since 1974, I am a Member of Parliament.

Question: In the politics only one Government was dismissed on charges of corruption. Do you know about that?

Reply: Not only one Government. Many State Governments were dismissed for corruption. In Karnataka, Devaraj Urs Government was dismissed for corruption.

In 1976, Karunanidhis Ministry was also dismissed for corruption. He has filed a case against DMK Minister. He has filed a Writ Petition before Honble High Court in Chennai to conduct CBI enquiry against then Thirupathur MLA and the then Minister Periaswamy relating to the Sandalwood. He has also lodged a separate complaint against Tharapuram MLA for having given false caste certificate. Moreover it is mentioned in the petition that the false caste certificate is issued with the knowledge of the Chief Minister. Till this day, he has not filed any complaint against any of the DMK Ministers leveling corruption charges. He does not know whether all the information furnished in the petition under Section 202 Cr.P.C. is taken up for investigation. On verification, he found out whether the investigation is conducted relating to charge of amassing wealth disproportionate to know source of income is done only while investigating. Then he has taken up only issues for investigation and not all other issues he has raised in the petition. The Janatha Party is functioning in a good Bungalow at Santhome. He does not remember about the number of grounds of land that Bungalow occupies. Janatha Party is not paying any rent for that building. He does not remember whether Selvi Jayalalitha has acted as a heroine in 136 Movies. May be by acting as a heroine in 136 Movies, she would have earned lot of assets.

He opposed Selvi Jayalalitha politically from 1992 to 1996. Since 1980, he was a Loksabha Member continuously for 6 years. After that he did not win in Loksabha Elections. Once he contested and he was defeated.

He was defeated in Madurai. It is wrong to state that, in alliance with Jayalalitha, he won the next Loksabha elections. But with the support of ADMK alliance, he won the Loksabha from Madurai. In 1999, he was defeated from Madurai without ADMK alliance (support). He has never referred Selvi Jayalalitha as Durga, Saraswathy or as Lakshmi. But he has told that the Mayavathi, Sonia Gandhi and Jayalalitha should play a role of Durga, Saraswathy and Lakshmi to dismiss the Government of BJP. It is wrong to state that he has not co-operated with anybody in his political life. It is wrong to state that he left Janasang Party. It is wrong to state that he had differences of opinion with leadership of Janasangh. Some leaders from Janatha Party left party due to differences of opinion. But he is in Janatha Party only. It is wrong to state that political instability is his way of political life. It is wrong to state that he is the political enemy of Selvi Jayalalitha and acting accordingly. During his thirteen months of relationship with political party of Selvi Jayalalitha he did not file any case against her. Thereafter also he did not file any case against her.

In Thiruchi, Mr.Velusamy was in his party. He expelled him because Mr.Velusamy lodged a complaint on his behalf relating to Rajeev Gandhi murder case. But that complaint dismissed. He has not filed defamation case against anybody. He has not filed any case against Mr.Velusamy. During DMK regime in the year 1996 he told that he is going to file a case relating to Arrack manufacturers. But he has not filed any cases like that. Mr.Chandraswamy is his friend. But he is entangled in many cases. During Selvi Jayalalithas regime, he was arrested in Chennai. He does not know the reasons of arrest. It is wrong to state that he sought the recommendations of the then Chief Minister Selvi Jayalalitha for the release of Mr.Chandraswamy. It is wrong to state that as the AIDMK Party refused to have alliance with his party, he has given blatant complaint against the President of ADMK Party. He does not remember in how many places the Janatha Party has contested in 1996 Assembly election. Now he does not remember whether they have lost deposit in all the contested places. It is wrong to state that despite his perpetual political threat she did not submit herself to his threat, hence he lodged this blatant complaint. It is again wrong to state that, as she did not get along with him politically, he was telling blatant complaints against her. When Mr.Narasimharao was the Prime Minister and Selvi Jayalalitha was the Chief Minister, both did not have cordial relationship. Then Mr.Chenna Reddy from Andra Pradesh was the Governor of Tamil Nadu.

Mr. Chenna Reddy granted permission to file a case against Selvi Jayalalitha. During that time, he canvassed against Selvi Jayalalitha from place to place. It is wrong to state that time, Selvi Jayalalitha was opposing Mr.Narasimha Rao, he was used as weapon by Mr.Narasimha Rao. That time, the Tamil Nadu Government tried to arrest him. But did not arrest him as he received an order for that from the Supreme Court. It is wrong to state that from the beginning he did not like Selvi Jayalalitha. It is wrong to state, like seasons his political ideologies also getting changed. It is wrong to state that because of his hatred against. In 1991, the DMK Government was dismissed. Immediately, the Assembly and the Parliament election came. It is wrong to state that, he has asked Selvi Jayalalitha, the South Chennai Parliament Constituency, it is wrong to state that as she refused to allot him that seat, he developed hatred against her. In 1991 he did not contest election. It is wrong to state that, as she did not allot him the seat, he could not contest in the election. It is wrong to state that she is capable of gracefully forgiving people. He has lodged this kind of complaints. It is wrong to state that in his view that nobody from DMK are involved in corruption. During the end of 1998, he has filed a suit relating to manipulating the caste certificate. But so far, no final decision has been given in that case. He did not file the suit in the Chennai High Court for expeditious disposal of that case. It is wrong to state that relating to the Madurai Idly Shop problem and action against the DMK representative; initially he took speedier steps, later he left without taking any action. That DMK personality is Mr.M.K.Alagiri, who is son of Mr.M.Karunanidhi. He has expressed an opinion that Sun TV activities are illegal. But in regard to that he has not lodged any complaint. Hehas not remained as a mute spectator after filing a case. He does not remember, whether hehas raised about Sun TV in the Parliament. In this regard, he has not filed any case because he was not able to marshal sufficient evidence necessary for filing of case. It is wrong to state that his approach towards Selvi Jayalalitha is both of enmity and hatred.

During Re-examination, he states that in 1976, the complaint lodged against DMK Government was withdrawn. The Tamil Nadu Police did not arrest Mr.Chandraswamy. When he was not the member of Loksabha, he had been the member of Rajyasabha many times.

PW.233 – Srinivasa Rao has deposed that he was working as Mandal Revenue Officer at Quitpullapur at Rangareddy District from February 1995 to September 1996. He has issued ‘patta of lands standing in the name of Sathyanarayana Raju, Jayalalitha and N.R. Sandhya. Jayalalitha is in possession of 3 acres of grape garden. He has issued ‘patta of Sy. No.50 and 52E of Jedimetla village. Grape wine was cultivated in 2 acres 20 guntas. Patta was issued in respect of land in Jedimetla village for the years 1992-93, 1993-94, 1994-95, Adangal relating to Sy. No.93/E and Sy. No.93/U to Bashirabad village for the years 1992-93, 1993-94, 1994-95.

During cross examination, he states that there are two separate borewells at Sy.Nos.52 and 52E in Jedimetla Village as shown in Adangal.

PW.234 – Mohammed Asmathulla Hussain has deposed that he was working as Commissioner, Tirpur Panchayat Union, Siruthapur Village and he has issued permission to Tmt. Ilavarasi for construction of the building after collecting fees of Rs.8,725/-. Siruthapur is a small village.

PW.235 – R. Govindan has deposed that from July 1995 to July 1999 he worked as Branch Manager, Thiruvaroor Branch of Indian Bank. Tmt. Suchitra Sundarrajan contacted over phone in September 1995 and told to give Rs.50 lakhs loan to Ramraj Agro Mills. Rs.1.65 Crores was sanctioned from head office, out of that Rs.50 lakhs was given to Ramraj Agro Mills by Thiruvaroor Branch. Loan was for working capital. Ramraj Agro Mills is a joint stock company.

PW.236 – Jagannathan speaks about encroachment by Accused No.2 in different villages namely Pyanoor, Karugulapallam.

PW.237 – S.S.Jawahar was working as Assistant Secretary to the Chief Minister. Accused Nos. 2 and 3 were staying in Chief Ministers House. Mr. Sudhakarans marriage took place in the year 1995. Granddaughter of Shivaji Ganeshan was engaged to get married to him. Marriage reception, musical concerts of Mandolin Srinivas and A.R. Rahman was conducted. Moulis Agencies Company printed the wedding invitations. He pasted the address of 400 VIPs on the invitations who were Chief Ministers of many States. Many cooks came from Thanjavur to cook food for the marriage. He has seen 4th Accused Ilavarasi in Poes garden. He does not know the address of the building constructed under Siruthur. During his period of work, Selvi Jayalalitha was very strict in her administration and was very particular that one department officer should not interfere with another department officer. Concerned party workers were appointed to look after the work of AIADMK. Criminal cases were filed and disciplinary proceedings were initiated against higher officers of previous Government and two Chief Secretaries, Hari Bhaskar and Venkatraman, Senior IAS Officers, C.Ramachandran, T. R. Srinivasan, Pandey, Acharialu, Kurupoora Sundara Pandiyam, Sampath, Satyamurthy. He was not allotted work for one year. This day out of compulsion, he is giving evidence and stating whatever he knows. This witness was re-examined because of the contradictory statements. He stated what he has stated in his chief examination is correct.

PW.238 - Ananda Padmanabhan is a partner in the company Nathalla Anjaneyulu Chetty and Sons. They sell silver, gold and diamonds. Cheque for Rs.37,144/- and Rs.3,99,834/- were given in the name of the firm. Above cheques were given for supplying two diamond studs having 17 carrots and 47 cents of diamonds and 36,160 grams of gold. Two separate receipts were made in the name of Prabha and Sasikala.

During his cross examination, he states as per the instructions of Nallamma Naidu, he prepared receipts in the name of N. Sasikala and Prabha.

PW.239 – S. Udaya Shankar has deposed that from June 1994 to June 1997, he was working as Senior Manager in Chennai. Bharani B Resorts availed a loan of Rs.325 lakhs from Abhirampuram Indian Bank.

PW.240 – Latika Saran has deposed that she was working as I.G. of Police V and AC, Special Investigation Cell No.II, Chennai. During 1996, she was working as a Dy.Inspector General of Police in the same Wing. She has been directed under Section 202 Cr.P.C. by the Principal Sessions Judge, Chennai to investigate on the basis of a petition filed by Dr.Subramaniam Swamy. (Crl.M.P.No.3238/96). She has received a copy of the complaint from the Court for the purpose of investigation. She took up investigation immediately. She was assisted by Tr.Nallamma Naidu, then ADSP of VandAC Dept. and other officers. She has issued an order under Section 17 of the Prevention of Corruption Act. The order dated 1.7.1996 is Ex.P.2265. During investigation we collected records from the banks, documents from the Sub-Registrars offices, from the registrar of firms pertaining to investments, properties in the names of former Chief Minister Selvi J.Jayalalitha, Tmt.N.Sasikala and her close relatives and their business ventures. Dr.Subramanian Swamy was examined by Tr.Nallamma Naidu in her presence in the V and AC City detachment office. On 14.8.96 the investigation was stayed by the Honble High Court of Madras. On 4.9.96 the Honble High Court of Madras vacated the stay and directed the Director, V and AC to nominate an officer of his choice to continue with the investigation. On 7.9.96 the Director, V and AC nominated Tr.Nallamma Naidu, then ADSP to take over the investigation. She handed over all the records to Tr.Nallamma Naidu.

During the cross-examination, she has deposed that she was not examined for this case by Nallamma Naidu. She was in charge of this case from 21.6.96 to 14.8.96. She has received only the copy of the complaint filed by PW 232 in the Principal Sessions Judge, City Civil Court, Chennai. Original complaint was not given to her. Except Rajya Sabha proceedings, no document were filed along with the complaint filed PW 232. On 18.7.96 PW 232 was examined in her presence by Nallamma Naidu. At that time Nallamma Naidu recorded the statement of PW 232. PW 232 did not produce any document when he was examined by Nallamma Naidu. While going through the order of Principal Judge, she was aware that she was directed to investigate on the complaint. During the period of her investigation, I consulted our Legal Advisor and was advised not to register a case as the matter being handled under Section 202 Cr.P.C. She has nominated about 10 or 12 Police Officers to investigate in to that complaint. Those Officers were drawn from various Districts. As per the order of Principal Judge she had to file report on or before 20.8.96. Till 14.8.96 she did not prepare the Report to be sent to Principal Judge, and at the same time her team was examining the witnesses and collecting documents. She has maintained a Case Diary for her investigation. Her Office also maintains General Diary. She cannot exactly say how many witnesses were examined and how many documents were recovered by her Deputed Officers. If it is asked about 30 witnesses would have been examined by her Deputed Officers the answer is she accepts that. She has concentrated mainly on Bank transactions. She has perused and obtained copies from Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch, Abhiramapuram Indian Bank, Central Bank of India, Secunderabad and Hyderabad, Bank of Madura, Anna Nagar Branch, Canara Bank, Kellys Branch. She was then and there informing the development in her investigation to the Director of Vigilance and Anti Corruption and I got his advices. As per Act 49/88 I have authorized all the 13 officers under Section 17 and she does not remember how many officers were authorized under Section 18 of that Act. She was not in a position even after looking in the Case Diary, on what date and under what proceedings she has issued orders under Section 18 of that Act. The same answer is applicable for the proceedings issued under Section 17 of that Act. Her Director did not find fault with her till 14.8.96. Till November 1997 I continued as D.I.G. in the Vigilance and Anti Corruption Department. Ex.D.10 is the order of the High Court in Crl.O.P.No.5755 of 96, dated 4.9.96. In that order her continuance of investigation in that case was not prohibited. After Ex.D.10, she was not allowed to continue the investigation in this case and one V.C.Perumal, was nominated to investigate this case. The Director has nominated Nallamma Naidu to investigate this case. She did not send any Report to Principal Sessions Judge, stating that she was not in a position to file a Report as called for by Principal Sessions Judge as she was divested with investigation. She has also handed over the Case Diary to Nallamma Naidu. The Officers who assisted her for the investigation in this case are 1. P.Jagannathan, Inspector of Police, DV and A.C., 2. L.Purushothaman, Inspector of Police, Chennai, 3. R. Dakshinamoorthy, D.S.P., V and A.C., Cuddalore, 4. Thiru Valsarajan, Inspector of Police, V and A.C., Chennai, 5. Thiru Nalamma Naidu, Additional S.P. V and A.C., Chennai, 6. C.Murugesan, D.S.P., V and A.C., Chennai, 7. P.S.Sethuraman, Inspector of Police, V and A.C., Chennai, 8. Thiru G. Shankar, Inspector, V and A.C., Chennai, 9. Thiru T.R.S.Shanmugavelandi, D.S.P., V and A.C., Thanjavur, 10. Thiru P. Janarthanam, D.S.P., V and A.C., Tirunelveli, 11. S. Radhakrishnan, D.S.P., V and A.C., Madurai, 12. E.Babu, D.S.P., Vand A.C., Vellore, 13. M. Jayapalan, Inspector, V and A.C., Kanjeepurm. I have issued orders for Jayapalan under Section 17 and not under Section 18 of P.C.Act. Similarly she has issued orders under Section 17 of P.C. Act to V.Babu, C.Murugesan, Nallamma Naidu, Purushothaman and not under Section 18 of P.C.Act. But she has issued orders to valasarajan under Sections 17 and 18 of P.C.Act. She has issued orders u/s. 18 of P.C.Act to Jagannathan, Dakshinamoorthy, P.S.Sethuraman, G. Shankar, T.R.Shanmugavelandi, T. Janarthanam and S.Radhakrishnan. She has not issued orders for the above Officers u/s. 17 of P.C.Act. She has not examined any witness during her investigation in this case. She did not get any further opinion other than that of her legal Advisors opinion. Further she has not obtained any written legal advice from her Legal Advisor. She has got only oral legal advice from him. She was not aware whether the statements recorded and documents recovered have been submitted to this Court. She has also sought the assistance of Inspector Krishna Rao who was working in the Commissioner of Police Office for this case. Other than the above Krishna Rao, she has sought for more persons from her investigation. But 3 Officers were sent for it. They will not come under 13 Officers nominated by her. For her investigation, she has specified names of Officers to be sent to assist her for investigation. When she has started investigation in this case, political situate was tense. When the investigation was going on in this case News papers and Sun T.V. published the matters concerned in the investigation. When she was investigating this case PW 241 was working as Director of Prosecution. I conducted Periodical Meetings with her Officers who are on duty for this case. As soon as collected the recorded statements of witnesses and documents recovered by her officers she has sent them then and there to the Principal Sessions Judge. During her investigation period she did not send any statements or documents gathered during her investigation period to Principal Sessions Judge. PW 232 has given complaint only against A1. No witness was cited in the complaint given by PW 232. Her team has issued summons to the witnesses for examination and for production of documents under Section 160 Cr.P.C. Apart from issuing summons, personal contacts were made with Bank Officials and other Departmental Officers for the collection of documents. After Ex.D.10, Nallama Naidu was nominated as Investigation Officer. Her Director has nominated her on 4.9.96 to supervise the investigation. But she did not exercise that power. No further order to supersede the above order was passed.

PW.241 – V.C.Perumal has deposed that he was retired on 31.7.2000 from the Anti-Corruption and Prevention, Vigilance Department as Additional Director General of Police in Special Investigation Division-1. Again he was reappointed as the officer on Special Duty and he was working in the same post. Previously, he was worked as I.G. in the Police Department in the same Special Division. Dr.Subramanian Swamy had filed a writ petition under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. in Chennai Principal Sessions Court. According to that after getting permission from the court Tmt.Lathikasaran, DIG in Anti-Corruption and Prevention Department, had to enquire E.K.A.Pa`. The court ordered the enquiry to assist her Additional Deputy Superintendent Thiru Nallamma Naidu and some police department officials (all working in Anti-Corruption and Prevention Department and Vigilance Department) were appointed by the Director, Anti-Corruption, Prevention and Vigilance Department. Then the investigation started. This team enquired Dr.Subramaniam Swamy and other witnesses. They collected some documents from the banks, finance companies and Registration office. Some documents were collected from the companies started by Selvi Jayalalitha and her associates. All those documents were verified by a separate division. In that situation High Court stayed one order, Criminal M.P.No.5755/96. Accordingly, the investigation could not continue because of the stay. The stay was revoked on 4.9.96 by the court. In the same order, it was stated that, Thiru. Nallamma Naidu could continue with the investigation. An order was passed to this effect. The court ordered that the officer appointed by the Director, Anti-Corruption and Prevention Department would continue with the investigation. On this basis Nallamma Naidu was appointed and he continued the investigation and he seized the documents relating to Selvi Jayalalitha and he examined them. In this situation after he took charge as IG i.e., on 9.9.1996 immediately, he did a detailed examination of the documents. Particularly when we examined these documents along with the evidences, it was evident that Selvi Jayalalitha when she was in power as the Chief Minister had acquired disproportionate wealth and property more than her known income. On the basis of the documents collected so far he knew that a case could be filed on Selvi Jayalalitha under Section 13(2) read with Section 13(1)(e) Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act, 1988. Ex.P2266 is that FIR. In the same FIR only, he appointed Thiru. Nallama Naidu, Additional Superintendent as Investigation Officer, and he issued the order. He has submitted the FIR to the Principal Sessions Court. He has advised Thiru. Nallamma Naidu to investigate under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. along with this case L.P.N.13/AC/96, the Secretariat case. As the investigation had to be carried out in many districts of Tamil Nadu and some other states he appointed some officers to be of help to Thiru. Nallamma Naidu and passed an order to this effect. The Ex.P2267 is the order he passed to Inspector Thiru Jaya Prakash under the Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act 1988, Section 17. Under this Act 1988 Section 17, Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act, he ordered Inspector Karunakaran, Ooty, on 19.9.96, this is Ex.P2268, under Act 1988 Section 17, Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act the Inspector Thiru. Jayapalan, Kancheepuram was given an order on 19.9.96. This is Ex.P2269. Under Act 1988 Section 17, Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act, Inspector Thiru. Vivekanandan Kovai was given an order on 19.9.96. This is Ex.P2270. Under Act 1988 Section 17, Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act, Inspector Thiru.Suresh Kumar Tiruchy was given an order on 19.9.96 as per Ex.P2271. Under the Anti-Corruption and Prevention Act Section 17, he gave power to investigate and passed an order to the following members, ADSP. Thiru Shanmuga Velandi, Thanjore, DSP Thiru Janardhan, Tirunelveli, DSP Thiru Adiya Padam, Tiruchy, DSP Pari, Erode, DSP Thanga Pandian Shivagangai, DSP Dakshina Murthy Cuddalore, DSP Asokan, Salem under the same Act, he ordered the following members for the investigation. DSP Paul Devadoss, Dharmapuri, ADSP N.K.Velu Kovai, SP Anbucelzhian, Chennai. These orders are Ex.P2272 in a row (total 14 orders). He has sent the copies of the orders to Nallamma Naidu and Principal Sessions Court, under my supervision Nallamma Naidu completed his investigation in this case and he submitted the charge sheet on 4.6.97.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that if they asked for his educational qualification it is not related to this case. He has joined in the police department after he passed in the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission Group I examination. It is wrong to state that when he wrote the Group-I Examinations he was a teacher. His father-in-laws name is Aroor Muthu. His father-in-law was elected as MP from the DMK Party in 1962 and 1967. When he was in service then the Chief Minister was Thiru.M.Karunanidhi and had only official connections with him and not any other contact because his father-in-law belonged to DMK. In 1965 he joined Police Department. In 1994 he was promoted as IG. He has received the file prepared by PW.240 in this case. The order came from the Tamil Nadu Government. The order was given to him by his Department Director Thiru.Raghavan and asked him to file the FIR in this case. On the basis of legal advice and as he too was satisfied, he filed the FIR of this case. The Government order came from Government Public Department. He remembers that the order was signed either by the Chief Secretary or the Public Department Secretary. In the FIR Ex.P2266 filed by him, he did not mention the above said Tamil Nadu Government Order. The above said Tamil Nadu Government order is about 3 pages and it is in their Head Office file. Regarding his case, the PW.240 collected the witness, formal statements and the documents were in the file taken from the PW.240. In the Chennai Principal Sessions Court, the PW.232 had given a complaint under Section 200 of Cr.P.C. So the court ordered to carry out the investigation on PW.240. This detail he came to know through the file. When he filed the FIR regarding this case, he knew that in the Principal Sessions Court, the investigation under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. was pending. In this case when he filed the FIR, according to PW.232, under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. complaint was given on Selvi Jayalalitha about the acquired disproportionate wealth and property case. Even then, they contained two different allegations. According to the FIR Section 13(2) jointed read with Section 13(1)(e) were registered under Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. PW.232 has given complaint in the Principal Sessions Court under the same Section. The Ex.P2266 was registered only in the name of Selvi Jayalalitha. PW.232 has given complaint only on Selvi Jayalalitha, in the Principal Sessions Court. On the complaint of the PW.232, the enquiry was being conducted under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. So, he did not take the permission from the Principal Sessions Court to file the FIR. Further as the investigation was going on under Section 202 of Cr.P.C, he did not inform the Principal Sessions Court about the filing of the FIR. He knew the details of the order of the Principal Sessions Judge that Tmt.Lathika Saran had to conduct the enquiry under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. Already the Criminal M.P.No.5755/96 had been investigated by PW.240, so the last order was issued that she can continue the investigation. Further, in that order, there was no objection for continuing the investigation by PW.240. As already in this case, the PW.240 had investigated and the witnesses were enquired and the documents were seized, so far this reason, he did not inform it to his Director, that the same person could continue the investigation. He saw the investigation file done by the PW.240. When he looked in to it, already about 300 witnesses had been enquired and many documents had been seized. He came to know about all these from the file. In this case, after he registered the FIR, the witnesses who had already been enquired in the investigation of the PW.240, were further examined and their oral depositions were taken by Thiru. Nallamma Naidu. But, he advised Thiru.Nallamma Naidu that all the documents seized during the investigation of PW.240 were to be taken as they were. Already, he informed that the documents were many, there were more than 300 statements. A report was sent to the Principal Sessions Court that accused Nos.2 to 4 were offenders. But it was not changed in the FIR. At the time of filing the FIR, when the FIR was filed, apart from the criminal sections mentioned, other criminal sections were added but the changes were not indicated in the FIR. In this case after he has filed the FIR, he did not submit any requested to the FIR. The Principal Sessions Judge that the enquiry under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. should be completed. But for the enquiry under Section 202 of Cr.P.C, many petitions were filed asking for time. In this case, after FIR was filed on the basis of FIR only, the investigation was done, not on the basis of Section 202 of Cr.P.C. Yet for filing the investigation report under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. Thiru Nallamma Naidu, submitted petitions to the Principal Sessions Court on a number of days and got the permission to do so. In this case, in the investigation done by PW.240, a number of witnesses were enquired by Thiru. Nallamma Naidu and other officers. All the formal statements and seized documents, all the accusations were only on the first accused. So, he has filed the FIR on the first accused only. In this case when the charge sheet was filed there was no necessity to show separately the lists of the witnesses enquired and the documents before the filing of the FIR. This is because, the documents and the formal statements of the witnesses in the enquiry before filing the FIR and the documents after filing the FIR were combined together. The formal statements of the witnesses in the witness list attached to the charge sheet of this case were taken after 18.9.96. The formal statements of the witnesses enquired before the filing of the FIR were not attached to the charge sheet. The formal statements of the witnesses enquired in the investigation under Section 202 of Cr.P.C, were not sent to the Principal Sessions Court.

Apart from this case, he supervised the investigation of about 7 or 8 cases. Above him, their department Director would supervise his work. They used to discuss this case in their departmental weekly and monthly meetings. He knew the details of the momentous seized from and sealed in Door No.18, 3rd Street, East Abhiramapuram in the basement of the house. He knew that two licensed revolvers were seized at the time of the investigation from two individuals. The above mentioned two Revolvers and mementos if asked whether they were related to this case, he does not remember. He agrees that the above mentioned articles if they are not related to the case and if they are withheld, till now it is wrong. He has supervised some proceedings like search of the house, seizing the evidence and the value of the jewels and building. When he searched five places, he directly supervised for a little while. An inventory mahazar was prepared for the search of that place, he did not observe whether my presence in those places has been recorded in the mahazar. Moreover he did not sign in any documents prepared in those five places. He does not know whether Jayalalitha was arrested in the CBCID case and kept in Central Jail, Chennai from 17.12.96to 3.1.97. But he knew that she was arrested by the CBCID Police. When Selvi Jayalalitha was in the Central Jail, Chennai, her house door No.36, Poes Garden was searched. He did not advise Nallamma Naidu to conduct the search at Door No.36, Poes Garden house from 18.9.96 to 7.12.96. During that period, to search the above said house Nallamma Naidu did not seek his advice. At the time of the search of No.36, Poes Garden house, about twenty to thirty police officers were divided into 4 to 5 teams. Apart from that, outside the house too the police kept a watch. On 7.12.96, at No.36, Poes Garden house, he was there for about six or seven hours. He did not procure any separate order from the court to search the above said house on 7.12.96. But the order was taken to search the house. From 7.12.96 to 12.12.96 for two or three days he looked after the search of the house Door No.36, Poes Garden. He refused to give permission to the ‘Sun TV and other private T.V.Channels to videograph the proceedings of the search from 7.12.96 to 12.12.96 at Door No.36, Poes Garden house. He also informed the other officers about my refusal to give permission to the private TV to Videograph. After the search was completed in the said house, the TV, Videographers went inside the said house and videographed the house and telecasts the pictures on all private TV Channels. Nallamma Naidu filed a petition on 6.12.96 to search No.36, Poes Garden house and J.D.Metla and the vineyards at Andhra Pradesh. As Nallamma Naidu had written a letter to our Department Director, the members of the Taramani Tamil Nadu Film Division came and took video pictures of the places searched. He passed an order stating that these photos and videos should not be given to any private TV channels. Particularly he did not ask in his petition permission to search Door No.31A house. But in the inventory mahazar Ex.P709, it is mentioned that Door No.31A was also searched. In the Ex.P709 it was written that the rooms of No.36 and 31A were also sealed. He told them to seal the room. In the Ex.P709, in the 7.12.96 notes of the proceedings, it was not mentioned that the sarees, suit cases and jewels were found in that house. 7.12.96 proceedings means, the search details from 7.12.96 fore noon 12 p.m. to 8.12.96 early morning 5 a.m. Regarding this case Nallamma Naidu did not enquire me and did not register my ‘formal statement. In this case he was the complainant and still he could supervise the investigation, as per the information given by our department lawyers. As he got a doubt, that being a plaintiff, if he could supervise the investigation, so he asked the lawyers about this. Even after he filed the FIR in this case, PW.240 helped him for the investigation. Because of that in this case, the PW.240 joined in the review meetings. At the time when the case started, Nallamma Naidu worked as Additional Superintendent of Police. After some months, Nallamma Naidu get a promotion along with his batch mates. After the retirement of Nallamma Naidu, the Tamil Nadu Government reappointed him. In this case,he gave power to 12 officers, accordingly, Section 17 of the Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act and Four officers under Sections 17 and 18 of Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act. But for Nallamma Naidu, he did not issue any order to give power according to Sections 17 and 18 of Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act, separately. Ex.P2266, the FIR, also does not mention that he gave power to Nallamma Naidu under Sections 17 and 18 of Anti Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act. At the time when Nallamma Naidu was investigating this case or when he got promotion also, he did not give any power to investigate according to the Sections 17 and 18 of Anti Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act. If according, to the Section 18 of Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act, those officers who had not been empowered cannot go to banks and seize the documents, about that he does not know. We wrote letters to the Chief Engineer to value the buildings. The engineers were allotted on the basis of our letter. Like that we wrote a letter to the customs department. Then PW.125 Vasudevan was allotted. Our Department Director wrote letters to the Chief Engineer and the Customs Department. He does not know that if those letters were submitted to the court. They have some rules regarding the functioning of our department. He verified the reports given by the valuers. He did not compare the details of the reports given by the valuers without department rules. The PW.125 came late to value the jewels. So Nallamma Naidu brought the goldsmiths Venkatesan and Jawaharlal S/o Sukraj to value the jewels in Door No.36, Poes Garden house. To bring two outside persons, Nallamma Naidu took oral permission from him. Those to goldsmiths helped to value the jewels on those two days. He does not know that if oral deposition was taken and registered from the 2 goldsmiths about their work. They did not receive any report from the 2 persons about their work. He remembers that one officer who was along with Nallamma Naidu, written down the information given by the 2 people at the time of the valuation. PW.125 came late, they asked the Customs Department for other alternative arrangement. For that they said, that they did not have other officers. The notes given by the 2 goldsmiths would be in about 5 or 6 pages. He does not know that if the notes taken by the assistant of Thiru Nallamma Naidu were sent to the court or not.

Before the search was conducted in Door No.36, Poes Garden house i.e., on 16.10.96, 17.10.96 and 18.10.96, the investigation team searched houses, buildings and other places, totally 135 places were searched on these days. In this case the charge sheet was filed on 4.6.97 at that time only the 2nd to 4th accused were shown as accused in this case. Upto that time Nallamma Naidu the Investigation Officer had called the three persons for enquiry, assuming them as accused. From the beginning of this case when the petitions were filed in the Principle Sessions Court, he does not know that whether Nallamma Naidu has mentioned 2 to 4 opponents as accused and were found guilty. When they discussed the progress of the investigation of this case, he too decided that the accused Nos.2 to 4 should be considered as offenders. Nallamma Naidu has to be asked if written information was sent to accused Nos.2 to 4 to call them for enquiry. The inventory mahazar of the Door No.36, Poes Garden house, the information and notes were prepared by the 4 team members. There were 4 or 5 officers in each team. He does not remember which officer led the team. He does not remember which officer led the team. Because of the heavy work load four teams were formed. On 7.12.96 at 12.30 p.m. forenoon when they went to the Door No.36, Poes Garden, for the first time, generally they saw all the places in that house. When they went to the house, a person named Baskar from the house and a lawyer (name not known) raised objections. When they show the court order, nobody objected our proceeding. Nallamma Naidu divided the work among the team members. He read the inventory mahazar Ex.P709. In that Ex.P709, it was not written how many teams were formed and what were the works done by the teams. In that Ex.P709, 16 pages were written about the investigation done in Door No.36, Poes Garden on 7.12.96 and 8.12.96 upto afternoon 1.30. Nallamma Naidu had not written those 16 pages. The Ex.P709 was received by the court on 12.12.96. While preparing the supervision mahazar for No.36, Poes Garden house, the notes were taken. He asked them to prepare the inventory then and there, but it was not prepared. During the 7.12.96 to 9.2.96 search at the No.36, Poes Garden he asked Nallamma Naidu whether they were following my advice, and he told me that he was acting as per my advice. Now he came to know that Nallamma Naidu did not act according to his advice and had changed the order of things. They do not have a general diary in our department office. He does not maintain any register for any daily office work. The file regarding this case was maintained by Nallamma Naidu. The six pages petition filed in the Principal Sessions Court on 6.12.96, there is no court seal in all those six pages. Further number was not allotted for that petition. According to our Department Rules, our head office has to act as a police station. Their office has to maintain all the registers like a police station maintains. Only Nallamma Naidu knows whether Venkatesh Acchary and Jawaharlal were recognized valuers. In their department, rules were framed for the framing of the Sections 17 and 18 of Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act. But in some orders issued according to Section 18 of Anti-Corruption and Prevention of Corruption Act, some sentences with regard to the rules were not mentioned. It was known that the second accused paid income tax even before 1.7.91. The 4th accused also paid income tax even before 1.7.91. This was brought to his notice. Further, Selvi Jayalalitha too had been continuously paying the income tax and property tax from 1963. This was also brought to his notice. Selvi Jayalalitha, Sudhakaran and Elavarasi had been separately assessed by the income tax department. Whether all the four accused in this case have received separate notices from the department regarding the details of their properties, only Nallamma Naidu should be questioned. Regarding this property, a notice served to Selvi Jayalalitha on 14.4.97 and clarification was sought for an amount of Rs.62,25,20,096/-, but in the charge sheet that amount was mentioned as Rs.66,65,20,395/-. If they ask him, whether in the Tamil Nadu Government letter dated 30.4.97 seeking permission to file the case on Jayalalitha, the amount was mentioned as Rs.65,86,70,850/-. This can be clarified only with only by Nallamma Naidu. In the Tamil Nadu political party functions, general meetings, conferences and the birthday party of leaders, the public and the party members give their gifts. The gifts and money is given to the leaders at the above said functions as a token of love. In the second additional list filed along with the charge sheet the details of the assets from 1 to 17 were given. These properties belonged to Selvi Jayalalitha before 1.7.1991. The value of the door No.36, Poes Garden house mentioned in the additional list 1 and 2 are the same. Further the building value with all the additional buildings put up was shown in item No.181 in the additional list – 2 as Rs.7,24,98,000/-. Our case was based on the additional and new construction in No.36, Poes Garden house. About the details of the new construction and measurements only Nallamma Naidu should be asked. Before 1.7.91 in the door No.36, Poes Garden house, what was the constructed area in squares? Only Nallamma Naidu can answer. In Chennai, if a property was purchased in 1967, the value will go up many times by 1991. M.O.1 is a luxury bus. He does not remember in whose name the bus is. He does not remember if they have collected the copies of registration certificate for their vehicles involved. In this case, he does not know that if the cost price of the vehicles mentioned in the list tallies with the original price of purchase. When they calculate the income tax regarding the vehicles, they take into account the wear and tear value each year. He does not know that if the discount for wear and tear of vehicles was given in this case and deducted. He has not seen properly whether the vehicles not belonging to 1, 2 and 4 accused have been taken into their account and valued. Only Nallamma Naidu can answer. In the additional list, the vehicle items 230 to 264 were mentioned. In that for none of the vehicles the date of purchase was mentioned. Of those he does not know that if the seven vehicles were purchased before 1.7.91 and whether they have been mentioned in the additional list.2. The Maruthi Gypsy car No.TN.09 P 4171 is the Ex.P235. According to this, the car was purchased before 1.7.91. According to Ex.P241 the tempo trax TN 09 P 6975 was purchased before 1.7.91 by AIADMK party. According to Ex.P242, the Omni bus Bajaj Tempo TN 09 6966 was purchased before 1.7.91 by the AIADMK party. According to Ex.P243, the Swaraj Mazda No.TS 01 9090 was purchased by Selvi Jayalalitha in 1988. According to Ex.P244 Swaraj Mazda vehicle ISR 333 was purchased by Selvi Jayalalitha in 1989. According to Ex.P245, Swaraj Mazda TN 01 9999 was purchased by Jaya Publications before 1.7.91. According to Ex.P249 the Contessa Car No.TN 01 0033 was purchased by Jayalalitha in 1990. According to the documents from Ex.P224 to Ex.P227, vehicles mentioned in the documents the Exs.P223, P234, P236 to P239 were purchased by Sasi Enterprises. The vehicles mentioned in the documents Exs.P246 to 248 were purchased by Anjaneya Printers. The vehicles mentioned in Exs.P251, P252, P255 were purchased by Jaya Publications. The vehicles mentioned in the Exs.P256 and P257 were purchased by the Namadhu MGR office, only Nallamma Naidu can tell whether the Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises, Anjaneya Printers and Metal Kings had started functioning before 1.7.91. He did not check whether the accused involved in this case had brought their vehicles by paying full amount or on installments. It is known that before 1.7.91 Selvi Jayalalitha had kept permanent fixed deposits in 16 banks and companies. He does not know that whether the fixed deposit amount was above three crores. The fixed deposit amount mentioned in the above banks kept by Selvi Jayalalitha after maturity was re-deposited again. To know the assets of Selvi Jayalalitha before 1.7.91 after consultation with the advocates who went into the details minutely the value was arrived at. The original renewal FD receipts were not seized and submitted in this court. According to the rules of our department, before taking action against any government servant we must first know the approximate family expenditure of that person. Regarding this approximate family expenditure, the statistic department officer was not enquired and his deposition was not taken. He does not know that whether the public and the party gave gifts and gift cheques for the birthday of Selvi Jayalalitha in 1991-92 and 1992-93 and the other years. Nallamma Naidu only can answer whether the gift cheque amount would be added to the income of the receiver and whether the amount was added for the calculation of the tax. They come to know that Selvi Jayalalitha had shares in many firms. But he does not know that how many shares she had and in how many firms. The members who assessed the slippers, sarees and watches in the house of Selvi Jayalalitha were brought by Nallamma Naidu only. Only Nallamma Naidu should be asked where was the necessity to bring persons for valuation other then the persons mentioned by the court. He does not remember the date on which the evidences were first seized at Selvi Jayalalithas house during the search. In Ex.P709 it was not mentioned about the weight of the silver, gold, diamond jewels types of the jewels in Selvi Jayalalithas house. In Ex.P2266 in the 4thPara it was mentioned about the 2 to 4 accused. But Ex.P2266 does not show them as offender (guilty).

He does not know that whether the bank accounts of Thirumathi Sasikala were frozen on 21.9.96, 9 months before filing the charge sheet regarding this case. He did not advice to prepare a model plan when Ex.P709 was prepared. But He advised that the procedures should be followed. He did not give any particular advice at the time of furnishing the proceedings in the investigation of the D.No.36, Poes Garden house on 7.12.96. He did not ask particularly if the general details given by him were fulfilled during that search and investigation. At the period, apart from this case, 7 more cases were framed on Selvi Jayalalitha. He did not keep connection with the investigating officers in other cases, but Nallamma Naidu had connection with those persons. He does not know that whether the petitioner for search of D.No.36, Poes Garden house given on 6.12.96 was submitted at the Principal Sessions Court or at the Principal Sessions Court Judges house. That petition was not prepared by Government Advocate. That petition was prepared by Nallamma Naidu on 7.12.96. Before our team went for the investigation at D.No.36, Poes Garden, we come to know that Selvi Jayalalitha had been arrested. It is not correct to say that he was present at the time of Selvi Jayalalithas arrest in her house by the CBCID. It is not correct to say that he told Selvi Jayalalitha “you have taken a long time” when she came out of her house. He does not know that whether they brought the water canon from the metro water and sewerage department to help in investigation of D.No.36, Poes Garden house. He does not know that whether they used the water canon to check the house taps, sending water into it to know whether any articles were hidden inside the pipes. During the investigation at No.36, Poes Garden activities like verification, seizing valuation, taking video and photographs were done step by step not at a time. He does not know that whether in D.No.36, Poes Garden house from 7.12.96 to 20.12.96 activities like investigation seizing, valuation, video and photographs were carried or not. It is not correct to say that wanting to arrest Selvi Jayalalitha when she was not in her house, from 18.10.96 to her arrest date 7.12.96, her house was not investigated. Only Nallamma Naidu can answer who gave the legal advice to get the permission from the Chennai Corporation Principal Sessions Judge to investigate the places which dont come under the jurisdiction of the Chennai Principal Sessions Judge. Regarding this he did not pay attention. In the Chennai Central Jail when Selvi Jayalalitha was enquired from 27.12.96 to 31.12.96 and on 2.1.97, he was not there. Only Nallamma Naidu should be asked whether permission was taken from the court to enquire her in the jail. The M.O.1 was valued by Mr.Venkataraman a transport Deputy Officer and he gave the report. He does not know that whether that report was notified in the court. From 7.12.96, when Selvi Jayalalithas house was under investigation, then and there the details were telecast in the Sun TV. This was not brought to my notice. He did not see the video shots regarding the above said matter in the TV. He did not ask my officers whether they followed my advice that the private TV Channels should not take video photos when the investigation was in progress in D.No.36, Poes Garden. The telecast of the investigation proceedings in Selvi Jayalalithas house by the TV Channels was not brought to his notice till now. Inspite of his advice if the investigation proceedings in Selvi Jayalalithas house were allowed to be photographed by private TV channels and telecast, it has to be condemned. Nallamma Naidu can only answer why 75 witnesses enquired regarding the gift articles given at the time of Selvi Jayalalithas birthday function in 1991-92 and the 111 documents seized during this and the value for those gift articles and cheques were not added to the attached list and why they are not brought to this case.

He does not remember whether in their weekly and monthly meetings they discussed about the gift cheques and gift articles. The gift cheques and the gift articles received by Selvi Jayalalitha amounting to Rs.3 crores should have been shown in the income tax account only. Nallamma Naidu should be asked why that Rs.3 crores received through gifts and cheques have not been included by Selvi Jayalalitha in the income tax calculation. It is known that Selvi Jayalalitha is the AIADMK party General Secretary and more than more one crore members are in the said party. He does not know that Selvi Jayalalitha received 3 lakh dollars, i.e., Rs.77,52,591/- from abroad. They did not decide in our weekly or monthly meetings that the amount should be taken as income in this case. In this case, that amount was not mentioned as income of Jayalalitha. He does not know that whether Selvi Jayalalithas locker No.1207 in Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch was searched or not in this case. For that, the petition was filed in the court, but in that petition the court seal was not found. For the petition, the number was not allotted. That there is no evidence in the locker is known from the investigation jabitha. The 2 to 4 accused were enquired by Nallamma Naidu for many hours on many days. It is not correct to say that the second and fourth accused were enquired on many days, so that they would turn against Jayalalitha and could be compelled to become approvers. From 17.12.96 to 31.12.96 and on 2.1.97 in the Chennai Central Jail, when Selvi Jayalalitha was enquired, whether the proceedings were done orally or in question and answers form and if the proceedings were prepared in writing. For all these details only Nallamma Naidu can give answer. Nallamma Naidu told him that he was going to enquire Selvi Jayalalitha in the jail. He did not advice Nallamma Naidu does he has to enquire Selvi Jayalalitha. Hedoes not know that whether the information of the six days enquiry of Selvi Jayalalitha in the jail were sent to the court as per procedure. The accused related to this case were not enquired in my direct observation. Hedoes not know that whether the information regarding the enquiry of the 2nd and 4th accused conducted for many days and many hours, was filed in the court as per procedure. He knew that many petitions were filed by the Governments side in this case. He did not bring the metal detectors at the time of investigation in Selvi Jayalalithas house. He does not know that whether a team of computer experts was brought at the time of investigation in Selvi Jayalalitha house. If it is stated that Selvi Jayalalitha was not enquired before and after the FIR was filed, instead she was enquired when she was in the jail for 6 days because this was her mental conflicts and stress, regarding this, only Nallamma Naidu can answer. After verifying the account details in the attached list and property details, he decided that they were correct. The articles details mentioned in Ex.P709 and the articles mentioned in the valuation report of the articles in the list were differing. This information was not brought to his notice. If it is stated that the details of the property mentioned in the attached list and the value of the property were deliberately shown high so as to put the accused into trouble and their income was shown as less, these he did not verify properly. In the above said additional list, it is not shown that Selvi Jayalalitha and Tmt.Sasikala would have owned at least one silk saree before 1.7.99. He does not know that in the additional list it was not mentioned about the shares purchased by Selvi Jayalalitha before 1.7.91 in many companies and the amount given to those shares. In the attached list it was mentioned that Tmt.Sasikala owned 62 items of jewels on 1.7.91. He does not know that apart from 62 items of jewels, the other jewels owned by Tmt.Sasikala after 1.7.91 were not mentioned in the attached list, they have to ask Nallamma Naidu who valued the property and jewellary owned by accused Nos.1 and 2 before 1.7.91 (mentioned in the attached list). He did not pay much attention to the valuation of movable and immovable property mentioned in the attached list after 1.7.91. He does not know that why the details of the prices weight and the statistical list mentioned in the documents from Exs.P857 to P860 were not mentioned in the attached list. For the valuation of the jewels regarding this case, the valuation date rate was taken into consideration to fix the rate of the jewels. Why they did not take the rate as on 30.4.96? They should ask Nallamma Naidu only. Why the attached lists have not taken into consideration for the valuation report given for Ex.P125. Only Nallamma Naidu can answer. In this case, the date of purchase of jewels was not taken into consideration for the valuation of jewels. They did not take into account, the income and the business of companies like Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises, Anjaneya Printers and Metal Kings. That information known to Nallamma Naidu. He does not know that whether nine cases are pending against the accused for taking loans in the banks. In those companies, the share holders are entitled only for share and are not the owners of the company properties. Whether they knew this legal detail, Nallamma Naidu can answer for this. It is not correct to say that the valuation was not done according to their department rules. He made sure that the investigation carried out was according to our department rules. Regarding the property when they asked explanation from the first respondent why they did not point out the properties mentioned in the attached list and question, for this only Nallamma Naidu can give answer. Only Nallamma Naidu should say why separate notices were not sent to every accused seeking explanation about the property details. The property of the minor Vivek was joined in this case and that was not brought to his notice. He knew that the 4th accused was a widow. It is not correct to say that he enquired the 4th accused for many hours and many days. It is not correct to say that he enquired the 4th accused. He treated her vulgarly 4th accused and threatened her. He heard that the husband of the 4th accused died of electrical shock in Hyderabad. It is not correct to say that he threatened the 4th accused to write and give that Selvi Jayalalitha was the reason for the death of her husband who died in the electrical shock. It is wrong to state that since she did not listen to my words. He implicated her as an accused in this case. After his retirement on 31.1.2000 only once he rejoined service for six months and worked on this case. It is not correct to say that he has filed the FIR in this case and he has supervised the investigation due to political vendetta. It is not correct to say that the Ex.Chief Minister Thiru M.Karunanidhi, Ex.Law Minister Thiru Madavan and ADGP Thiru Kumaraswamy used to meet every Saturday in Chief Ministers house and discussed about the case and they advised to him as to how to run the case and that they filed a false case. In this case, the charge sheet was sent through him to their department director. They had taken the legal advice of the Senior Advocate Thiru Natarajan for the investigation and filing the charge sheet in this case.

He knew that the 3rd accused was an MBA graduate. He does not know that if the 3rd accused had run the Super Duper TV Company and produced many programs and out of this earned money. It is not correct to say that during enquiry the 3rd accused told in front of him that Super Duper Company produced program to the Sun TV in 1994 and through this the Super Duper Company earned one lakh and twenty five thousand. It is not correct to say that the 3rd accused during enquiry told in front of him that he gave professional advice how to run cable TV and used to get income out of this. It did not come to his notice if Nallamma Naidu enquired the 3rd opponent regarding his private income. He does not know that if the 3rd accused told Nallamma Naidu that through the Super Duper TV (P) Ltd., Co., the 3rd accused received Rs.5,000/- from more than 1000 members and out of this he gave the cable connection and earned income. He knew about the marriage of the 3rd accused with Shivaji Ganeshans grand daughter Sathyalakshmi. It is not correct to say that, the details regarding marriage expenditure, the details of the pass books and the accounts given by the brides family to Nallamma Naidu were concerned. He does not know that whether Nallamma Naidu enquired the details of the marriage gift articles and he filed this account. He knew that the 3rd accused father Thiru Vivekanandan was a Rural Development Department Additional Director and has social status. It is not correct to say that the properties and income of the 3rd accused before 1.7.91 were not accounted properly. No written evidence was filed to show the 3rd accused was the foster son of the first accused. It is not correct to say that because of political enmity to file case on the first accused the 3rd accused was also joined. For this he became an instrument in the hands of the Government. It is not correct to say that we joined the third opponent as an accused in this case because he did not listen to our threatened words and turned against Selvi Jayalalitha as an approver. The third accused is not related through blood to the first accused. It is not correct to say that even though they came to know during investigation that six months before the marriage of the 3rd accused, from the brides house, they had given gift amount out of which he purchased the property, we had hide this information.

PW.242 – Jagannathan, PW.243 – Krishna Rao T, PW.244 – Vishwanathan C.P., PW.245 – Janarthanam, PW.246 – Paul Devadoss T, PW.247 – Radhakrishnan S., PW.248 – Vasantha V., PW.249 – M. Suresh Kumar, PW.250 – Karunakaran , PW.251 – Shankar G., PW.252 – Shanmuga Velandi , PW.253 – Natarajan K.P., PW.255 – Anbu Chezhian, PW.256 – Kadhiresan R., are all Police Officers of the Anti Corruption Department.

PW.254 – Dellirajan has deposed that he was working as Assistant in Head Office of Tamil Nadu Housing Board Development Corporation. 12 video cassettes were seized and prepared a mahazar. He affixed his signature on the mahazar. Video cassettes were of V.N. Sudhakarans marriage function. He identifies 12 cassettes and they were marked as MO.1603.

PW.257– K.R. Somasundaram has deposed that he was working as Senior Assistant in Tamilnadu Industrial Investment Corporation Limited. Police prepared a mahazar in respect of vehicle. Bus was having five rooms. First room consists of kitchen and gas stove, second room was a dining room, third room was bathroom, fourth room was bedroom and fifth room was drivers room and entire bus was air conditioned.

During cross examination he states that the Police did not write anything and took his signature from the spot.

PW.258 – S.N.Prasad has deposed that he was working as Junior Assistant in Tamilnadu Housing Board. On 5.1.1996, at 10.30 am, he accompanied Police and PWD Engineer to house No.213, St. Marys Road, Chennai. House was in a dilapidated condition. Ex.P676-valuation report. Then they went to No.18, 3rd Street, East Abhirampuram, Mylapore, Chennai. There was a basement. They went inside. Momentos were kept inside the room. Ex.P2281 mahazar was prepared.

PW.259 – N. Nallamma Naidu deposed that he was a Retired Police Vigilance Officer of Tamil Nadu Police Department. He was appointed to work under the Deputy Chief of Anti Corruption and Vigilance Department. PW.240 Lathika Saran and PW.232 Dr. Subramanian Swamy had filed a petition at Chennai Metropolitan Special Court on 14.6.96 under section 200 Cr.PC. PW.240 Lathika Saran was ordered to enquire according to section 202 of Cr.PC. He was authorized to help PW.240. 12 Police Officers were given power by PW.240 under sections 17 and 18 of Prevention of Corruption Act. Thus, he along with other officers were directed to assist the investigation, collect documents related to this case from Banks, financial institutions, revenue department, Enforcement Office and office of the registration, institutions. He examined PW.232 Dr. Subramanian Swamy in presence of PW.240 in their office recorded his statement. He examined and recorded statement of PW.187 – Pulikesi. PW.240 was appointed to supervise the enquiry. PW.241 – V.C. Perumal filed FIR on 18.9.96 in Crime No.13/AC/HQ/1996 under section 13[2] read with section 13[1][E] of Prevention of Corruption Act. He was appointed as Investigating Officer by PW.241 – V.C. Perumal. Apart from him, there were 16 Police Officers. He allotted the officers appointed under sections 17 and 18 of Prevention of Corruption Act and assigned with work on the territorial jurisdiction. PW.256 and he formed a Committee under Deputy Vigilance Officer Mr. Kadiresan and sent it to Jedi Metla in Andhra Pradesh, Pesipet, Fazilabad and some other places to find out further details whether Accused No.1 had property and buildings. He examined Sundaravadanam, Elder Brother of Accused No.2. He applied to the Government to form an Expert Committee for valuing the property and buildings pertaining to this case. He interrogated Accused Nos. 3 and 4 in this case. On 1.10.96, 4.10.96 and 7.10.96 he examined and recorded statement of many witnesses. He obtained permission from the Court to inspect 76 places related to this case. The orders under Sections 17 and 18 of Prevention of Corruption Act was given to him by PW.241 on 18.9.96. They are at Ex.P2308 and Ex.P2309. He sent a letter to the Government to inform him about the salary and allowances of Accused No.1. He also asked information relating to the tenure as MLA, Chief Minister, details of her declaration about her assets and property and the activities of the companies run by the Accused No.1. He recorded statement of witnesses Sundaravadanam on 23.9.96.

He further deposed he wrote a letter to the Registration Department to appoint a Committee with Officer of the rank of District Collector to investigate the matters relating to wealth. He also wrote a letter to Chief Auditor, Chennai to send a Committee to financial institutions to examine and collect information of registration of properties. On 3.10.96, he went to the Commissioner of Income Tax Department and collected information regarding PW.213 – Seetharaman and PW.215 – Selvaraj. On 4.10.96, he read the approved plans related to these buildings from the Corporation of Chennai. On 5.10.96, he read the files related to construction on lands related to this case. The plan for most of the constructions were drawn by the same person and he had applied for sanction. He wrote a letter to Rayapettah Benefit Fund and received some details about Accused No.4. Accused No.4 has taken loan from them. On 8.10.96, he wrote a letter to Chennai Road Transport Corporation asking for details of vehicles related to this case. On 9.10.96, he collected information from the banks about the loans taken by the Accused. From 74 places, the Committee conducted searches. On 15.10.96, two committees were constituted to estimate the buildings. On 25.10.96, two other committees were sent for assessing the buildings and they continued the assessment work of valuing the buildings. Some documents were seized from SIDCO. He obtained search warrant one to search No.36, Poes Gardens and another to search Jedi Metla, Faizabad in Rangareddy District of Andhra Pradesh. On 7.12.96, he came to know that Accused No.1 of this case was arrested in another case. He went to Chennai office of Chennai City Commissioner with his offices and witnesses and met Seerayaperumal, Deputy Superintendent of Police under whose custody Accused was and presented a letter to meet Accused No.1. He permitted him to meet Accused No.1. Accused No.1 was arrested and kept in separate cell. He met her and introduced himself and explained that he had a search warrant from Chennai Metropolitan Principal Sessions Judge, to conduct search at her residence and wanted her to send representatives on her behalf during the search. She agreed to it and sent Mr. Bhaskaran and Mr. Vijayan to help him in conducting the search. On 7.12.96 at 12.30 pm he along with Committee went to No.36, Poes Garden and met Mr. Bhaskaran, representative of Accused No.1. During the search, he prepared three inventory mahazars and one seizure mahazar. During the search, gold jewellery, diamond jewellery and silver articles were valued by PW.125 – Vasudevan from the Customs Department and prepared the valuation list of articles. Sarees, chappals, suitcases and watches were valued. PW.131 – Jerold Wilson and its Committee valued chappals. On 18.12.96, PW.130 – Maran and its Committee brought 91 watches to their office and prepared a report as per Ex.P740. On 12.12.96, valuable jewels were kept in separate room and sealed and key was given to Bhaskaran. PW.125 – Vasudevan who has valued the jewels on 20.12.96 and 21.12.96 also valued silver articles and mahazar was drawn. The silver articles were not seized but were kept in No.36, Poes Garden in a separate room under lock and key and handed over the key to Mr. Bhaskaran. The Tamil Nadu Special Branch Police arranged for taking photographs of articles related to this case. On his request, Chennai District Collector has sent two witnesses PW.126 – Krishnamurthy and Mr. Mangasahayan to help in conducting search of No.36, Poes Garden. Letters were sent to Chief Engineer [Buildings] and the Customs officials to be present at the time of assessment and on that basis the valuators came and valued house No.36, Poes Garden. The articles seized on 12.12.96 from MO.609 and 754 and documents and other articles were submitted to the Court.

He further deposed on 4.12.96, he sent letters to his colleagues to find out details about the demand drafts sent as birthday gift to Accused No.1. They were sent to Vellore, Kancheepuram, Cuddalore, Trinelveli, Salem, Dharmapuri, Trichy, Madurai and some other Districts. He also recorded voluntary statement of Accused No.1. From his investigation and statement and going through the documents, it was revealed that Accused Nos. 2 to 4 were in collaboration with Accused No.1 and have involved in criminal conspiracy and amassed properties disproportionate to their income. So he lodged a petition before the Court of Principal Sessions Judge to include Accused Nos. 2 to 4 as Criminals and that petition was marked as Ex.P2316. On 23.1.97, he arrested Accused No.3 in Palani and recorded her statement. He went to Apollo Hospital and recorded statement of Accused No.2 on 3.2.97, 4.2.97 and from 6th to 8th February 1997. He recorded statement of witnesses, namely, A.R. Rahaman and Mandolin Srinivas. They returned gifts and articles given to them along with invitation for wedding of Accused No.3 which are MO.P1404 – silver plate, MO.P1405 – kumkum casket, MO.P1406 – silk saree. On 21.2.97, he scrutinized some documents of the shareholders of some companies of the Accused. On 24.2.97, PW.256 - Kadiresan R., submitted a report for having received Sirudavaurs property documents and also submitted a report for having examined a witness. He further deposed, on 14.2.96, he made arrangements to value jewels of Sathyalakshmi. PW.242 – Jaganathan P along with PW.125 – Vasudevan went and secured jewels of Sathyalakshmi from him and assessed them and gave a report. These jewels were handed over to Giri. He examined PW.201 - Vidyasagar and recorded his statement. On 14.3.97, he sent PW.242 to Mumbai with a committee to make enquiries about construction. PW.252 enquired about ancestral property and other properties of Accused Nos. 2 to 4. He fixed the check period as 1.7.91 to 30.4.96 and keeping this period in mind, he prepared the statements 1 to 7. Annexure-1 is the assessment at the beginning of the check period i.e., assessment as on 1.7.91. Annexure-2 is assessment at the end of the check period i.e., as on 30.4.96 and it was found that Accused No.1 has amassed assets worth Rs.62,25,20,896/- disproportionate to his income. He went personally and handed over letter to Accused No.1. He asked Accused No.1 to give explanation within 15 days. On 14.4.97, he has taken certified letter of acceptance from Accused No.1 Ex.P2318. He further deposed, he went to Apollo Hospital and interrogated Accused No.2 and recorded her voluntary statement. Thereafter, the corrected property statements were sent along with letter dated 30.5.97 to the Governor through Government of Tamilnadu. Then, on 3.6.97, he got letter dated 2.6.97 from Governor granting permission.

He further deposed, in the year 1960, Accused No.1 and her mother instituted ‘Natya Kala Nikethan, a dance institute and by acting in films they earned their wealth. N.R. Sandhya made a Will on 1.11.97 and died on the next day i.e., on 2.11.97. Accused No.1 bequeathed the properties mentioned in the Will. Thereafter, till 1987, apart from the properties mentioned in the Will, 3.143 acres of wet land at Cheyyur, 2 cars, shares in financial institutions and to the extent of Rs.1 lakh in the Bank account was there. Accused No.1 as an MLA brought some properties. Accused No.2 also lived in No.36, Poes Garden from 1988 with Accused No.1. Then Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises and Namadhu MGR companies were established by Accused Nos. 1 and 2. When Jaya Publications was started, partners were Accused Nos. 1 and 2. In the beginning, Jaya Publications was started in a Kalyana Mantapam of PW.157 - Ilangovan. The above three companies has opened their bank accounts in Canara Bank, Kelleys Branch and in that Bank loan was availed for machines and other materials. That loan has not been cleared till 1990. Accused No.2 has no income from her ancestral property. Her husband Natarajan was a Government Servant in the Govt. Information Department. He joined services in 1970 and retired in 1998. During his period, he got various promotions. Mr. Natarajan also did not have considerable income through ancestral properties. The father of Accused No.2 had 7.05 acres of land and a house. His children were Sundaravadhanam, Vinodhagan, Jayaraman, Vanithamani, Sasikala and Divakar. Sri. Vivekanandan worked as Medical Practitioner. Accused No.3 has studied in the ‘New College till 1992. He was also residing in No.36, Poes Garden from 1992. He had no individual income. Accused No.3 was son of Vanithamani who is elder sister of Sasikala. The father of Accused No.3 T. Vivekanandan worked as District Development Officer and retired. Accused No.4 was wife of Jayaraman. Jayaraman has worked in Tamilnadu Civil Supplies Department. On 19.12.91, when he was working in the vineyard of the Hyderabad, he was electrocuted and died. Accused No.4 along with her children came to Poes Garden. Accused No.4 has no private source of income. From 1987 to 1991, Accused No.2 acquired some assets. Further, some properties were purchased during the above said period in the name of Jaya Publications and Sasi Enterprises. In the name of Accused No.1, 3 cars were bought. In the year 1985, Accused No.1 deposited Rs.1 lakh as fixed deposit in ‘Kothari Orient Finance Corporation. In the same company, in 1991, Accused No.1 had deposited two fixed deposits of Rs. 1 lakh each. Further, in the year 1989, Accused No.1 had deposited Rs.3 lakhs in fixed deposit with Sriram Finance Corporation. In the same year, Accused No.1 had deposited Rs.5 lakhs as fixed deposit. Further, in the year 1990 - Rs.7 lakhs, 1991 – Rs.20 lakhs were deposited by Accused No.1 in the same Corporation. Accused No.1 had deposited Rs.3 lakhs in fixed deposit in Central Bank of India, Secunderabad. In the year 1990, Accused No.1 has deposited Rs.10 lakhs in Madurai Bank as fixed deposit. Totally, as on 1.7.91 the value of the assets of Accused Nos.1 and 2 was Rs.2,01,83,957/-. Out of the said amount, Rs.5 lakhs fixed deposit is shown in two places which should be deducted.

He further deposed, on the occasion of wedding reception of Accused No.3, pandal and decorations, chairs, decorative structures has to be valued by PWD. PW.181 – Thangaraj, PW.200 – K.P. Muthuswamy valued the same and submitted a report. From 1.7.91 to 30.1.96, Accused Nos. 2 to 4 were residing at No.36, Poes Garden. During that period, Accused Nos. 2 and 4 have already floated four companies, besides 32 other companies were also floated. The companies address were mentioned as No.36, Poes Garden. Most of the companies started by them had no business transaction and are not maintaining accounts. Companies did not send yearly report to the commercial tax department and other departments. The above companies had not submitted annual reports to the Income Tax Department.

He has further deposed that there had been lot of mutual money transaction from the account of accused persons and their companies. These amounts which were transacted mutually were used to buy properties and make fixed deposits. Accused Nos. 1 and 2 had not filed income tax returns from 1987 to 1992. In November 1992, Accused Nos. 1 and 2 have paid income tax arrears. Accused Nos.3 and 4 have not filed annual income tax statements upto 1997. During this time, Accused No.1 has purchased properties in her name and in the name of other Accused, namely, Accused Nos. 2, 3 and 4. During this period, marriage of Accused No.3 was conducted in a grand manner by Accused No.1. Therefore, he construed this period as check period. The properties acquired by Accused No.1 during this period were already mentioned in the second statement. Item Nos. 1 to 17 are mentioned in the second statement. The following items in the second statement are immovable properties. They are 18 to 23, 25 to 30, 32, 34 to 63, 65, 67 to 69, 71, 73, 75 to 91, 93 to 126, 128 to 144, 148, 149, 151 to 158, 160, 165, 167 to 172, 175 and 305. Item Nos.24, 31, 33, 64, 66, 70, 72, 74, 92, 127, 145, 146, 147, 150, 159, 166, 173 and 174 are related documents found in the second statement. Item Nos.230 to 257 are value of the vehicles. As the correct value of item Nos. 275 and 276 were not shown, their value is not shown in items 1 and 2. Item 281 was general in items 1 and 2. Item 292 was allotted to Accused No.3. Item Nos. 293 to 294 were estimated by Engineer Mariappan. Item 295 is golden ornament presented at the marriage of Accused No.3. The documents were examined and exact value was estimated. Item 301 is building in Trichy which was brought by Accused No.2 and an additional construction constructed on it. By valuing additional construction, they ascertained the worth of it. Item 302 details were already mentioned in 75 to 77 items. They have to be deleted from this value. In this way, for the items mentioned in the 2nd statement, the valuation has been calculated at Rs.66,44,73,537.27/-. From this account, if the amount to be deleted, the balance amount is Rs.66,30,30,070.73/-. During the check period, accused persons earned total assets worth Rs.64,28,46,114.20/-. Details of income of accused persons from 1.7.91 to 30.4.96 is furnished in the 3rd statement. Items 1 to 8 were loan taken from Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch. Item No.9 is loan availed by Accused No.1 from Canfin Homes. Items from 10 to 32, 35, 36, 37, 39, 41 to 44, 49, 50 and 56 were interest amount. Item 33 is income from Hyderabad grape vineyard. Item 34 is rental income from Door No.36, Sree Nagar Colony, Hyderabad. Item No.40 is the rental income from Door No.16, Radhika Colony, Secunderabad house for the 2nd Accused. Item 45 is the rental income from the vehicles of the 3rd Accused. Item No.48 is the rental income from the vehicles for Accused No.4. Item 46 is the commission for the 3rd accused from the fixed deposits of Accused No.1. Though it is stated as Rs.3 lakhs in the statement, the real amount was Rs.1,85,500/- only. Item 47 is the loan amount from Royapetai Benefit Fund for the Accused No.4. Item 52 is rental income from Indo-Doha Company. From the amount rent paid to SPICOT Rs.7,57,000/- should be deducted. Item Nos. 53 to 55, 57 to 62 were rental income. The total amount in the 3rd statement is Rs.9,34,26,053.58/-. In the 4th Statement, the amount shown is expenditure amount of accused persons. Item Nos. 1 to 8 is the interest amount paid on the loans taken. Items 9 to 19 are amount paid to Chennai Corporation. Item No.20 is the amount paid for getting permission for construction of buildings, Chennai Metropolitan Development Corporation. Item No.21 is the amount paid for demolition of Door No.213, St. Marys Road, Mandoveli. Item No.23 is the amount of repayment towards the loan of the 4th Accused. Items 23 to 35, 37 to 259 44, 46 to 54, 56 to 149, 151 to 176, 191 to 224, 231 to 234 are transferred amount from the bank account of the Accused to other persons. Item No.236 is the amount paid to LIC by the Accused No.2. Item No.45 is the amount paid to get SPIC Jyothi Dealership to Jayaraman from the account of Accused No.2. Item No.150 is the amount paid to PW.238 – Anandha Padmanabhan. Items 178 to 180, 182 to 193 were amount paid to income tax and property tax by Accused No.1. Items 194 to 198 were the amount paid towards income tax and property tax by Accused No.2. Item 225 are details of the salary paid to maid servants working in Accused No.1s house. Item 226 is the expenditure amount of marriage expenses of Accused No.3. Item 227 is expenditure amount paid towards building of Kodanadu Tea Estate. Item 228 is the amount paid to Kannappan for buying marbles. Items 229, 230, 236 to 243 are the amounts paid towards electricity bill of the Accused No.1. Item 235 is the amount paid towards upholstery of vehicles to Mohan. Item 244 is additional amount paid to item 83 in the 2nd statement. The total amount in the 4th statement is Rs.11,56,56,833.41/-. The amount of Rs.44,341.35/- paid towards Vijaya Sales Service and Rs.9,73,452/- to Devar Automobiles, Rs.4,84,712/- to Kumaran Silks and Rs.20 lakhs for James Fedrick [PW.93] are the amounts which should be included in it. The amount shown in the 7th statement is the amount disproportionate to the income of Accused No.1 which she accumulated with the help of other Accused persons. PW.16 and PW.75 were treated as hostile.

During cross examination, he states that in the year 1961 he joined as Sub Inspector of Police in the Police Department. During his service when Sarkaria Commission was formed against Thiru Karunanidhi, he was one among the many officers appointed towards it. As the matter is still pending, he cannot say details on which he worked. Investigations on that case went on from 1977 to 1980. He denies suggestion put to him that he became very acquainted with Thiru Karunanidhi during this investigation. His son Saravanan is the lawyer by profession in Chennai. His son Saravanan was Junior of Mr. Jawaharlal who is appointed as Govt. Prosecutor. Mr. Jawaharlal apart from this investigation, had represented as Govt. Prosecutor in three other cases filed. In this case, his son might have come to this Court to assist Mr. Jawaharlal who worked as a Government Prosecutor. He denies suggestion put to him that team of investigating officers are none other than DMK Sympathisers. He also denies suggestion cases against Selvi Jayalalitha was continued for purpose of political vendetta. For this case, one Inspector General of Police, one Superintendent of Police, two Deputy Superintendent of Police, 9 Inspectors and 50 Police Constables were appointed from their Department. Besides, a few officials and Police personnel from Chennai were appointed to assist in this case. Further, some Police officers from Kancheepuram were also called for investigation. For this case, about 150 Police Officers were appointed. His regular superannuation is on 31.10.97. He was given one year extension upto 31.10.98, again upto 31.10.99. Third time extension of his service was upto 31.10.2000. After that from 1.11.2000 to 30.4.2001 he was reappointed and further extension given from 1.5.2001 to 31.10.2001. But due to ill health, he declined extension of his service. He requested to relieve him on 14.5.2001. He took Deputy Superintendent and a Women Inspector along with him. He interrogated Accused No.4. He examined and recorded statements of P. Chokkalingam. Till 18.9.99, investigation according to section 202 of Cr.PC, 300 witnesses were enquired and their statements were recorded. Further, before 18.9.1996 most of the documents relating to this case were seized. The witness list and list of documents collected till 18.9.96 were not submitted to the court of Special Principal Sessions Judge. Further, he did not submit a report of statement of witnesses and documents which they have collected to the Court. He submitted a report to the Director of their Department stating that he had been assisting the Chief Investigating Officer PW.240 – Lathika Saran from 1.7.96 to 7.9.96. Subsequently, he was appointed as Chief Investigating Officer. Till 7.9.96, he has not expressed in writing to PW.240 that they should file FIR in this case. He has taken permission from the court to conduct search in Districts and other States. According to sections 17 and 18 of Prevention of Corruption Act, the power was given to him and other officers. Letter was sent to Banks for freezing the accounts of Accused Nos. 2 to 4. He examined Sundaravadhanam on 23.9.96 and 27.9.96 and recorded his statement. PW.256 – Kadiresan R., was sent to Hyderabad to make enquiries about grape vineyard. He considers Door No.36 as part of Door No.31A of Poes Garden. Door No.31 has been assessed separately for taxes. During investigation, he found that Door No.31A existed before 6.12.96. The value of suitcases inspected in No.36, Poes Garden has not been included in the statement items 1 to 4 pertaining to this case. He denies suggestion that he brought articles from outside and planted them in the house at the time of search on that day to inflate the number of things in the list. He also denies suggestion that video tape recording and photos were taken by him. Generally they do not arrest persons involved in disproportionate wealth case. In this case, Accused No.3 has been arrested. Besides, Accused Nos. 1 and 2 have been arrested. Accused No.1 was arrested in connection with some other case. The house at Door No.36, Poes Garden has ground floor area measuring 2,500 sq. feet. First floor building over the same ground floor may have an area of more than 2,500 sq. feet. He received treatment at Apollo Hospital. Tamilnadu Government has spent about Rs.88,000/-. He denies suggestion put to him that Tamilnadu Government has spent money in excess of the medical expenses payable under the pension scheme. He denies suggestion put to him that Tamilnadu Government took keen interest in his treatment so as to reward him for the zeal with which he has conducted in this case filed against Selvi Jayalalitha. During his interrogation of Selvi Jayalalitha in Chennai Central Jail on 31.12.96, she gave a letter that she needed her jewels and watch for daily use. She stated that she no longer needed those articles since this had been publicized in the newspapers. According to their departmental rules, they did not disclose the matter relating to investigation. They themselves have estimated the value of sarees, chappals jewels. On 18.12.96, watches were valued at their office. It is not correct to state that he has given the value as per Ex.P712 so that when experts later value them should fix the value given by them. The 4th paragraph of Ex.P2266 states that 2nd to 4th accused persons are Benamis for Accused No.1. Even though one of the witnesses was willing to turn approver, he did not acquiesce. On 15.4.97, letter of explanation was sent to Accused No.1 and statement pertaining to amount of Rs.62,25,20,896/-. On 30.4.97, a letter was written to get permission from the Governor. The amount mentioned in that letter is Rs.66,65,20,395/-. In the letter addressed to the Governor difference amount was not stated as mentioned because reply for letter dated 15.4.97 at the time of enquiry in the court was not furnished and she has told that she will give explanation in the court. This was not disclosed in the charge sheet. They did not seek explanation from Accused Nos. 2 to 4 about their property details by sending 1 to 7 statements as they are not Government servants. He has not told PW.125 – Vasudevan to estimate the value of the jewels as per the prices on any particular date. While valuing, independent persons are not taken as witnesses to value sarees, chappals, jewels, they have selected Government Officials. PW.180 and PW.145 are independent witnesses. On 9.5.97, Mr. Ashokan, Deputy Superintendent and on 10.5.97, Mr. Dhakshanamurthy, Deputy Superintendent were examined and their statements were recorded. Statements recorded by him after 30.4.97 has not been sent to the Governor. He deposed that forest officials may have given a report regarding their proceeding. They should give it to the Engineers to value the buildings which they might have included it in the building violation. PWD Engineers assessed the buildings, Electrical Engineers assessed the electrical fittings. In the Statements 1 to 7 submitted in this case, they have not mentioned how many jewels, footwears, sarees and watches belonging to each of the Accused i.e., Accused Nos. 2 to 4. He has sent statement of 399 witnesses examined prior to 18.9.96 to the Court. His Director has contacted the income tax officials and obtained many details and documents from them. In this connection, he has also gone to the Income Tax office who is aware of the fact that team comprising of Central PWD personnel belonging to the IT Department have inspected and assessed Door No.36, Poes Garden. At present he cannot exactly say when the assessment of Door No.36, Poes Garden, took place. He came to know that Central PWD Team has done assessment before concluding his investigation. He did not know the sum at which CPWD estimated the value. He denies the suggestion that they have not disclosed their transaction as it is less than their assessment. The property located at Jedi Metla, Andhra Pradesh was assessed by PW.98 – Velayudhan and his Committee. He does not know as per which State Government rates the assessment was done. He was not aware that Central PWD Department has valued the construction work in Jedi Metla, Andhra Pradesh. It was found that Accused No.2 has paid income tax from 1985 onwards. Ex.P712 does not mention total weight of jewels on 18.12.96. The newspapers, ‘The Hindu, ‘Dhinakaran and ‘Dinamani published photographs of jewels and silver articles found in Selvi Jayalalithas house and stated that this information was given to them by Anti Corruption Bureau. In Ex.P2327, item No.1 was acquired on 15.7.67, item No.2 was acquired on 11.12.67, item No.3 was purchased on 10.6.68, item No.4 was purchased on 25.10.68, item No.5 was purchased on 14.12.81, item No.6 was purchased on 17.4.89, item No.7 was purchased on 18.6.89, item No.8 was purchased on 5.7.89, item No.9 was purchased on 29.9.89, item No.10 was purchased on 10.7.89, item No.11 was purchased on 3.4.90, item Nos.12, 13 and 14 were purchased on 19.4.90, item No.15 was purchased on 3.5.90, item No.16 was purchased on 12.7.90 and item No.17 was purchased on 8.12.90. Item No.6 is the property which was bought by Accused No.2. Item Nos.7 and 17 belongs to Jaya Publications, while item Nos. 8 and 9, 12 to 14, 16 are properties owned by Sasi Enterprises. Item No.15 was owned by Accused No.2, Item Nos. 1 to 4 are properties owned and bought by the Accused No.1 and her mother. Item Nos. 5, 10 and 11 properties were owned by Accused No.1. In Tamil Nadu politics, respective party workers and ordinary people generally present the articles cash or cheques on the birthdays of party leader by way of gifts. From examination of 75 witnesses and 112 documents, it has been recorded that sum of Rs.1,94,50,012/- was received through demand draft as birthday gifts from Selvi Jayalalitha on 24.1.92. Further, on that birthday, a gift of Rs.15 lakhs in cash was given to Accused No.1. Ex.P2337 is another record within Ex.P2334. It is shown in this record that Rs.29 lakhs was received as gifts in the year 1991. In the same period, the income tax returns of the Accused No.2 shows that equivalent of Rs.51,47,951/- was in American dollars received as gift from abroad. Ex.P2338 is the income tax return submitted for the period ending 31.3.92 on behalf of Accused No.2. The records contained therein is Ex.P2339. Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises, Vinodh Video Vision and Namadhu MGR are companies that were started well before 1.7.91 itself. He does not know whether Namadhu MGR daily is the official newspaper of AIADMK. He has read Namadhu MGR. From that he cannot say it belongs to or related to AIADMK Party. It is a private joint firm with one of the Accused as partners. Namadhu MGR was set up before 1.7.91. He is aware that this organization runs current account No.1952 from Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch. PW.201 – Vidyasagar has stated that as on 30.6.91, the account balance was Rs.5,51,826.94/-. He examined PW.201 on 13.3.97, 14.3.97, 17.3.97 and 27.3.97. While recording statement, he informed that there is deposit of Rs.10,000/- and above in current account No.1952 and total balance was Rs.7,54,46,179/-. The amount received is in the form of demand draft in current account No.1952, Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch. The Manager of Namadhu MGR is Mr. Balaji. Though he enquired and recorded his statements, he was not examined in the court. He has not seized the Administrative registers of various records of this organization from 1.7.91 to 30.4.96 because those records were taken by the Income Tax Officials. He did not seize them. He did not make request in writing for these records from the Income Tax Department. He did not ask them to provide attested copies of those records as per Rule 6 of their department. They have right to get documents and records from the Income Tax Department. He does not remember whether he asked in writing for the records of Namadhu MGR to be submitted. He has not made representation to Accused Nos. 1 and 2, partners of Namadhu MGR to present all records relevant to these organizations.

He does not know about the value of assessment done by the Central PWD through Central Income Tax Department for Door Nos. 36 and 31A. He denies suggestion put to him for the development of Namadhu MGR Newspaper, number of plans were made and different amount thus collected. He denies suggestion that the plans that were made for developing Namadhu MGR and funds consequently raised were all during the check period and have been taken into account by the Income Tax Department. His investigation does not disclose his income that was generated from Namadhu MGR through publications of advertisements during the check period. There are no subscribers for the Namadhu MGR newspapers. He does not have the total amount they have earned through sale of newspapers through shops. Mr. P. Chokkalingam, Internal Audit Officer and Deputy Director helped him during investigation. He has audited the income and expenditure of 26 firms related to this case. He submitted individual report. This officer, while submitting a report for Jaya Publications has also included details of the account of Namadhu MGR firm. Mr. P. Chokkalingam was not examined as witness before the Court. He denies the suggestion that Audit Report of Mr. P. Chokkalingam for 26 firms was not submitted to the Court. According to Auditors report, Vinod Video Vision operates current account No.2133 in Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch. He does not remember whether the firm Fax Universal commenced before the check period. Metal King, Jaya Publications and Anjaneya Printers have all carried out commercial transactions during the check period. The question of examining the witnesses about business activities did not arise because none of the above companies maintained the accounts. He examined and recorded statement of officers of the Commercial Tax Department and collected documents in connection with Jaya Publications. About the Metal King firm, he examined the officers of Excise Department orally. He does not know whether Metal King is registered with the Excise Department. He does not remember whether Internal Auditor and Deputy Director Thiru. P. Chokkalingam has mentioned profit accounts in the report submitted for the above firms. They came to know through investigation that J.J. T.V. Pvt. Ltd., has taken a loan of Rs.1 Crore from the Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch. The account of JJ TV Pvt. Ltd., is not included in this case. In this case, as per section 173[8] of Cr.PC, applications were submitted for further investigation. In Ex.P712 price of a kilogram of silver is not mentioned. Selvi Jayalalitha has paid income tax and property tax from 1965 onwards while still a minor. Ex.P2327 mentions that the Accused No.2 had owned 62 types of jewels prior to the check period under item No.45. But, the 62 types of jewels and its total weight has not been mentioned in item No.45. In item No.225, they have not mentioned names of drivers, electricians, sweepers and cooks. Since the accounts pertaining to Vinod Video Vision, Namadhu MGR, Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises, Anjaneya Printers were not maintained properly, their Department Auditor P. Chokkalingam has not given separate statements for these firms. It has come to light that Accused No.4 owns cultivable lands in Peruga Vaznthan Village in Mannargudi Taluk. The gift articles were not shown in the list among items in Ex.P2327 to Ex.P2733. It was revealed through his investigation that Accused Nos. 2 to 4 and their firm have taken heavy loans from the bank. He knows that the banks have instituted a case with Debt Recovery Tribunal in connection with loans. He received letter from the Director, Tamilnadu Information and Publicity Department to query about money given for advertisements placed in the daily, Namadhu MGR from 1.7.91 to 30.5.96. His response is that amount thus obtained was Rs.1,42,48,135/-. Ex.P2340 is the file relating to this matter.

He examined family members of Mr. Sivaji Ganesan about marriage of Accused No.3. He examined Mr. Ramkumar. He has stated that he has opened an account in State Bank of India, Gopalapuram Branch and spent money from that account for the marriage. During investigation, he has recorded his statement, he stated that he has spent Rs.92 lakhs for the marriage. He also examined Selvi Jayalalitha when she was in Central Jail about the marriage expenses. She told that large portion of marriage expenses were borne by brides side and that her contribution was minimum. Further, he examined Mr. Prabhu, who stated that his elder brother Mr. Ramkumar had borne marriage expenses of Accused No.3 as per the wishes of his father. He also during investigation enquired Accused No.3s father-in-law Mr. Narayanaswamy, his individual expenses for the marriage were Rs.18,59,778/- as stated by him. He denies suggestion that he conducted meetings, prepared documents relating to this case were shown to the then rulers and that he took their advice. He denies suggestion that investigation was conducted as per direction of the then rulers with a view to achieve political vendetta. He denied suggestion that they have inflated the assets valuation in the statement in order to give this case a colossal dimension. He denies suggestion put to him that in order to satisfy the ruling party, he has prepared things by fabricating non existent details and by suppressing details that might be useful to the accused. He has not seen the letter of appreciation written by the daily ‘Murasoli dated 6.2.2001. He denied suggestion put to him that he interacted with five lawyers of DMK Party who attended court on those days. He also denied the suggestion that this case is being pursued for political reasons and that the investigation and the case had been launched at the behest of the then ruling party. He denied suggestion that 48 persons were examined in connection with the properties that have no bearing on the case in order to make it appear gigantic. Mr. Valasarajan, Inspector has seized documents while searching the Wellington Plaza building. He knew the contents of the seized documents. In that, item No.11 comprises 22 Nos. of entry fee receipt book maintained by the firm Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd., and those 22 books have been produced in the courts. The counterfoils of the receipts in the books have been produced which shows each person has paid Rs.5,000/-. Each receipt book has 100 leaves. Those books are Ex.P2341. He denies suggestion that amount mentioned in the above books Rs.1,10,00,000/- is income of Super Duper TV. He denies suggestion that amount was not included in the 3rd statement. The amount got as loan was not shown as income of Accused No.3. He does not know whether Accused No.3 is shareholder of JJ TV. He denies suggestion put to him that he has suppressed the details of Accused No.3 on the apprehension that it may have adverse effect. Through the Government advertisements, Namadhu MGR has got Rs.1,42,48,155/- which can be treated as credits and not as income. The dollars received from the foreign countries which were enquired many times and for which the documents were verified was not considered as income because it is not a regular income of the accused. They have not taken into account gifts and money given to Selvi Jayalalitha which was not a regular income and have not included it in this case. Ex.P2341 which has 22 books and yielded Rs.1 Crore and Rs.10 lakhs has not been included as income of the Accused No.3 the reason being that this amount is shown in the bank accounts and in the expenditure to run the company and as income and expenditure account was not shown, this amount was not taken as income of Accused No.3. The expenditure over the marriage borne by Mr. Ramkumar is Rs.92 lakhs which he had kept in Gopalapuram Bharath State Bank and Mr. Narayanaswamy spent Rs.18 lakhs in his individual capacity. Both these amounts were not included in this case. Regarding profits from the advertisements in Namadhu MGR, he did not examine any individual as witness. The amount of Rs.3 lakhs American dollar had come as a Bank document only. The above document has been deposited in Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch in the name of Accused No.1 with the approval of RBI. Though he has enquired PW.93 many times, he has not recorded his statement.

6. Statement of Accused Nos. 1 to 4 under Section 313 of Cr.PC was recorded as under:

1,339 questions were put to Accused No.1. She has answered these questions. For some questions, she has answered she is not aware of it. For some questions, she has stated it is true. During public functions, her party men have presented momentos such as replica of two leaves, sceptre, sword, crown. These items were received in the capacity of General Secretary, AIADMK Party. They are kept with her for safe custody. The momentos etc., is of 3,365.80 grams of gold. The entire marriage expenditure was borne by the brides family. The marriage took place on 7.9.95. The evaluation report prepared by M.V. Thyagaraj was prepared only on 18.4.97 i.e., two years after marriage. Hence, it is not a genuine report. Mr. G. Ramakumar, maternal Uncle of the bride cited as evidence in the charge sheet. The prosecution has not examined him. K. Narayanswamy, father of the bride cited as a charge sheet witness. He was also not examined by the prosecution. They were deliberately omitted by the prosecution even though they are only competent persons to speak about the marriage expenses. Moreover, the value given by the prosecution itself are highly discordant. PW.181 is incompetent to evaluate or submit a report. Some of the work was done and food was provided by her party men voluntarily on their own accord. She has not spent any money towards marriage has been accepted.

She would like to point out she was leading film actress since 1964. She has acted in more than 120 films in various languages. In each of her films, there were used to be numerous scenes, sometimes, running more than 100 and each scene would require many costumes and some times more than ten costumes for every scene as a leading lady. She has to change many costumes like sarees or silver kameez with matching footwear, accessories and watches etc. Once a particular item was used, it was never used again and many of them were retained by her as a momentos and this account for accumulation of footwear. Hence, these items should not have been valued at all. As a Chief Minister during check period, she was not wearing any costly footwear at all. Therefore, there was no question of bringing any new footwear. The DVAC has taken into account of these footwears to bolster the numerous and size footwear which only shows that the seizure were effected just to defame her. She has also submitted a petition to adduce Defence evidence.

About 1,032 questions were put to Accused No.2. She has also filed written statement. For some questions, she has said true and for some questions she has stated she does not know about it. She has also given some explanation for some questions.

About 914 questions were put to Accused No.3. He has filed written statement. For some questions, he has said false and for some questions he has stated she does not know about it. He has also given some explanation for some questions.

About 650 questions were put to Accused No.4. For some questions, she has said may be true and for some questions she has stated she does not know about it.

7. The depositions of the defence witnesses are extracted as under:

DW.1 – Ramkumar has deposed that his fathers name is Shivaji Ganesan. The third Accused is his elder sister Shanthis Son-in-law. On 7.9.1995, his elder sister daughter Sathyalakshmi married to the third Accused in MRC Nagar, Chennai. His father-in-law was alive. They met the entire expenses of the marriage as they are brides family. For that marriage, they opened an account in SB A/c. No.95071 in Gopalapuram Branch, State Bank of India and remitted upto Rs.92 lakhs which was spent on wedding expenses. Ex.D15 is Photostat copy of the savings bank account pass book.

During his cross examination, he states that during his sisters daughter marriage, he lived with his father. SB Account was opened on 14.8.95. The account details do not disclose that the amounts were spent for the marriage. His elder sister Shanthis husband name is Narayanaswamy. He was working as a Professor in IIT, Chennai. During investigation he gave details relating to the marriage expenses.

DW.2 – Nadarajan deposed that he is a Chartered Accountant. Accused Nos. 1, 2 and 4 are his clients. Their Auditors did not submit income tax returns even though accounts were available for about two or three years. Therefore, he was appointed as their Auditor. Selvi Jayalalitha has obtained Rs.9 lakhs income through agriculture in the year 1991. The agricultural income has been obtained through cultivation of grapes from 16 acres of land at Hyderabad. In that respect, Selvi Jayalalitha has earned an amount of Rs.52,92,400/- till 30.4.1996. The income tax officials personally supervised and estimated the grape yard at Hyderabad and agreed that income tax returns filed by Selvi Jayalalitha was correct. Ex.P16 is the copy of the order released on 31.1.2002. Selvi Jayalalitha has obtained Rs.68,94,386/- on account of fixed deposits at Banks and financial companies till 30.4.96. Rs.3,60,000/- was obtained as rent for flat No.36, Srinagar colony, Hyderabad till 30.4.96. The house has been brought by Selvi Jayalalitha in the year 1967. Rs.2,69,50,012/- was obtained by Selvi Jayalalitha as birthday gift and amounts till 30.4.96. This amount has been accepted even by the Income Tax Department. Selvi Jayalalitha has obtained income through shares in various companies. Before 1.7.1997 itself, Selvi Jayalalitha being shareholder of many companies obtained income through those companies which are Jaya Publications and Sasi Enterprises. In those companies, Selvi Jayalalitha was a dormant shareholder while Thirumathi Sasikala has been working partner. The main work of Jaya Publications is printing and publication. Door No.7, Guindy Real Estate, Door No.21, Pattammal Street, Mylapore, Parameshwarinagar, Door No.11A, 3rd Cross, Adyar, Door No.30, Luz Church Street, Mylapore, all belong to Jaya Publications. Through that as rent obtained Rs.45,30,642/-. Further, an income of Rs.62,45,465/- was obtained till 30.4.96 through the lease of 64 acres cultivated by Jaya Publications at Vizhuppuram District, Koyyampakkam Village. This information has been obtained in income tax return and has been accepted. Further, through printing and publication, company has obtained an income of Rs.4,78,71,368/- till 30.4.96. Further, Namathu MGR Company, sister concern of Jaya Publications obtained Rs.3,03,50,717/- as income till 30.4.96 through advertisement. Namathu MGR refers to Daily of AIADMK Party. For the growth of that, daily funds were collected. Many schemes were instituted. Under the scheme, no interest was given for the deposits. For the above said scheme, minimum Rs.12,000/- maximum Rs.18,000/- should be paid through application. Ex.P17 series 3 is the duplicate account for Accused Nos. 1, 2 and 4 shows details of gold, diamond jewelleries and silver articles.

He further deposed that properties owned by Sasi Enterprises are shop No.14, Parson Manor, 602, Anna-Salai, shop No.14 and 20, Qadar Nawaskhan Road, Virugampakkam, the properties from 12 to 14 mentioned in Ex.P238. 3.2 acres of wet land, Sundarakkoptai, Tanjavore asset properties at No.18, 3rd Street, East Abhirampuram – 28, Thiruvenkatanagara Colony, Ambathur, Rajanagar, Neelangara. For the above mentioned properties, till 1996, Rs.9,66,600/- was obtained towards rent. Further, these enterprises by taking 40 acres of land at Koyyampakkam, Vizhuppuram District for 2 years lease and obtained Rs.9,09,72,500/- as income. That lease period was 1990-91, 1991-92, 1992-93. The advance given by this enterprise in 1990 has come back in 1991-92 and 1992-93. That amounts to Rs.17 lakhs. Further, this Enterprises has vailed loan of Rs.25 lakhs in 1994-95 from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram. In 1995-96 a sum of Rs.10 lakhs was availed from private finances.

He further deposed Vinod Video Vision an entertainment business was started by second Accused and continued to run and this concern earned income of Rs.96,92,238/- from 1.7.91 to 30.4.96.

He further deposed that Metalking Enterprises Fabricators Steel items. This concern was started in the year 1993. From then onwards, till 30.4.96 earned income of Rs.42,38,769/-. Before 1.7.1996 itself, 2nd Accused has made deposits in the bank though as interest an amount of Rs.15,82,062/- was earned. The 2nd Accused through own properties has earned Rs.8,58,500/- as rent from 1.7.91 till 30.4.96. The 2nd Accused has earned through land a sum of Rs.5,85,825/- within the check period. 2nd Accused gained Rs.51,47,955/- in terms of gifts between 1991 and 1992. The 2nd Accused has availed Rs.2,67,00,000/- as loan from Bharani Beach Resorts for investments. 2nd Accused has availed loan of Rs.45,55,00,000/- from Bharani Beach Resorts for J. Farm House. In 1995-96, from private finances, she availed a personal loan of Rs.15 lakhs from them and from the J. Farm House Rs.25 lakhs as loan. The above information have been disclosed in the income tax returns of the 2nd Accused. The 4th Accused owns undivided 1/7th share out of 45 acres of wet land in Manargudi Circle, Peruga-Vazhndar Village. Other than that, 4th Accused owns 15 acres of wet land in Neelamangalam region, Rishious Village. The 4th Accused is remitting property tax from 1995 onwards. Ex.P18 series contains the Photostat copy of property returns of 4th Accused from 1985-86 to 1994-95. In that as shown the 4th Accused owned 1,040 grams of gold jewellery from 1.7.91 till 30.4.96. The 4th Accused has earned Rs.10,83,000/- through agriculture. Further, 4th Accused has earned Rs.9,29,000/- through rent till 30.4.96. The 4th Accused has earned Rs.6,10,000/- till 30.4.96 as commission for arranging the fixed deposits. Further, 4th Accused has gratuity of her husband Rs.2,28,000/- has been received. 4th Accused has availed loan of Rs.35 lakhs from RBF Enterprises. 4th Accused has availed a loan of Rs.15 lakhs from private finances. She availed Rs.58 lakhs loan from Bharani Beach Resorts Enterprises. The 4th Accused has received gifts from her five brothers which amounts to Rs.10,60,000/- till 30.4.96.

He further deposed that Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd., has earned Rs.53,50,216/- through printing till 30.4.96. Apart from this, by selling shares she earned Rs.16,75,000/-. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd., availed a loan of Rs.95,66,011/- from Abhirampuram Indian Bank. Gopal Promoters, Lakshmi Constructions and Shakti Constructions all these enterprises had account in Abhirampuram Indian Bank.

During his cross examination he states that he was not Auditor for Accused Nos. 1, 2 and 4. Accused told him to give evidence in this case. The scheme as seen in EX.P17 was instituted for growth of Namathu MGR. The amount remitted for that scheme is refundable amount.

DW.3 – K. Rajendran, DW.4 – D. Nagarajan, DW.5 – K. Sundaram, DW.6 – A.P.Shivaraman, DW.31 – Adhi Rajaram, DW.32 – M. Ravichandran, DW.33 – K. Nagarajan, DW.34 – M. Subramaniyan, DW.35 – K. Sekar, DW.36 – K. Nanjegowdu, DW.37 – S. Shanmugam, DW.38 – G. Pandurangan, DW.39 – S. Suyambarakasam, DW.40 – A.R.P. Ramamoorthy, DW.44 – A. Sekar, DW.45 – R. Selvaraj, DW.46 – R. Rajkumar, DW.47 – K. Annamalai, DW.48 – P.V. Velliangiri, DW.49 – R. Eswaran, DW.50 – James Raja, DW.51 – K. Rajagopal, DW.52 – N.Neducheliyan, DW.53 – V. Vasu, DW.54 - Gopikanth, DW.55 – N. Swamynathan, DW.56 – M. Rajendran, DW.57 – M. Tamil Chelvan, DW.58 – J. Sudhakaran, DW.59 – K.C. Murugesan, DW.60 – M. Vairamani, DW.61 – A. Anwarraja, DW.62 – M.S. Dorai Muthuraj, DW.63 – A.S. Arunachalam, they all speak about deposit of amount ranging fromminimum Rs.12,000/- maximum Rs.18,000/- for issuance of copy of the Namathu MGR newspaper. In this regard, they also submitted application.

DW.7 – Samsudeen, DW.8 – R. Adhishesan, DW.9 – G. Maniraj, DW.10 – M. Kothandapani, DW.11 – K. Soundrapandian, DW.12 – R.P. Paramashivam, DW.13 – A. Balasubramaniam, DW.14 – P.M.S. Mani, DW.15 – D.K. Murthy, DW.16 – A. Thangaraj, DW.17 – S. Ramachandran, DW.18 – M. Natesan, DW.19 – P. Kannan, DW.20 – K. Sekar speak about celebration of birthday of Accused No.1 and contribution of amount in connection with the birthday. Contribution varies from Rs.1,000/-, Rs.1,500/-, Rs.2,000/-. DW.12 deposes that they celebrated the birthday of Chief Minister on grand scale. A sum of Rs.2,16,500/- was collected and demand draft was obtained and same was sent to Accused No.1. DW.15 has deposed that Rs.2,96,800/- was raised by way of contribution and he obtained a demand draft and the same was sent to Party District Secretary. 200-300 persons made contributions for birthday. DW.16 deposes that he remitted amount of Rs.2,96,800/- for obtaining demand draft. DW.18 deposes demand draft was obtained for Rs.3,42,300/- and sent to Accused No.1.

DW.21 – S. Selvam, DW.22 – R. Ramalingam, DW.23 – C.N. Swamy, DW.24 – Thotta Tharani, DW.25 – K. Thangamuthu, DW.26 – Kanchi Pannerselvam, DW.27 –Rathinavel, DW.28 – Pandurangan, DW.29 – Muttumani, DW.30 – K.P. Raju speak about contribution made towards marriage of Accused No.3. DW.21 has deposed that in connection with marriage of Accused No.3, they collected Rs.50,000/-and spent the same on banners, decoration, flags and arch for the procession. He has given written explanation to the Income Tax Department. Rs.50,000/- includes his contribution and also contribution made by others. DW.22 has deposed that in connection with the marriage, they made arrangement for decoration of the procession route in their area and for that he collected collection to the tune of Rs.1.50 lakhs and handed over the same to K.R.V.Ramani of Milapur Constituency of AIADMK. Income tax Officer enquired him. DW.23 has deposed that they collected Rs.15,000/- from each area for the purpose of marriage of Accused No.3. He contributed Rs.10,000/- for the above purpose and remaining Rs.15,000/- was collected in his area. They all spent about Rs.70,000/- towards crackers and music band. He collected a cheque for the said amount from DW.1 - Ramkumar. DW.24 has deposed that he is a painter and Art Director for films. AIADMK party persons approached him for designing the façade of marriage hall entrance. He knew Shivaji Ganesans family from his childhood. Hence he agreed to design the façade of the marriage on the entrance. He made a sketch in this connection. He was not involved in execution of the above façade designed by him. He entrusted the work to one of his Assistants by name Ramesh. He did not take any remuneration for the said art designing. He gave explanation before the Income Tax Department. DW.25 has deposed that he along with others arranged procuring rice and vegetables. He arranged two cooks. Plantation leaves grown in his land were supplied for the above occasion. Subramanyam, Paramashivam and Dandayudapani were three others involved in procuring rice and vegetables. Jayaraman and Shankar are the two cooks who prepared food items. He paid Rs.17,000/- each. He has given statement before the Income Tax Officer. Breakfast was arranged by the brides side. DW.26 has deposed that they were told marriage pandal would be put up by bride side. They decided to put the façade of the marriage pandal. The actual cost of execution of the package is Rs.57,02,050/-. He gave list of persons who contributed money for execution of the work. DW.27 has deposed that he along with 11 others arranged the façade of marriage pandal. Work was done by Ramesh. He paid Rs.5 lakhs. Said amount was collected from party workers in the District. He prepared list of persons who contributed money for the above works along with their names and addresses. The above work relating to façade marriage pandal was done by him and others voluntarily. DW.28 has deposed that about 12 of them went to their respective Districts and collected money from party workers. It amounted to Rs.5 lakhs and they contributed to the same for the work of façade of marriage pandal. DW.29 has deposed that 12 persons decided to contribute Rs.5 lakhs of the various labour unions of Transport Corporations and selected ten Unions and intimated about the decision of putting up façade of marriage pandal. He requested Rs.50,000/- each for the above purpose thereby Rs.5 lakhs was collected by the above Unions and said amount was handed over to Kanchi Panner Selvam who in turn gave it to Ramesh for execution of the work. The Union collected voluntary contributions of their Members. Income tax officials issued notice. 12 persons prepared a joint petition and submitted to the Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax. No one asked them to do the work relating to the façade of the marriage pandal and they did that voluntarily. DW.30 has deposed that they wanted to do something for marriage of Accused No.3. They wanted to put up a pandal for the marriage. When they verified, they were told that the marriage pandal will be put up by brides party. Thereafter, 12 of them decided to put the façade for the said marriage pandal and collected Rs.5 lakhs by way of contribution and gave that money to Kanchi Paneer Selvam. Nobody has asked them to put up façade for the pandal and they did that on their own.

DW.41 – K.Seetharaman has deposed that he is a member of AIADMK Party since 1980-1981. He was a treasurer for Mylapur Area of AIADMK Party. They came to know that A1 attended the marriage of A3-V.N. Sudhakaran. They made decorations for the procession route. He along with other office bearers collected about Rs.50,000/- and handed it over to K.R.V. Ramani, who was the AIADMK Partys Area Secretary for Mylapur Area in Chennai. He personally contributed Rs.5,000/-. MRC Nagar is situated within Mylapur Area in Chennai.

During the cross-examination, he has stated that they did not prepare the list of contributors. They did not issue the receipts to the contributors for the amounts collected from them. He does not remember the number of persons who made the contributions to the tune of Rs.50,000/-. The said collections made were handed over to K.R.V. Ramani about 15 to 20 days prior to the marriage of A3.

DW.42- P.S. Annamalai has deposed that he is a member of AIADMK Party which was formed in the year 1972 by late M.G. Ramachandran. He agreed to collect Rs.2,00,000/- towards arrangements to be made to receive A1 on the occasion of the above marriage in that area. The procession was decorated in that area. In this connection, he received a Notice from Income Tax Department enquiring him about the said Rs.2,00,000/-. He sent reply to that notice. Nobody asked them to make the above arrangements. As a member holding responsible position in the party, he felt that it was his duty to make such arrangements during visits by A1. He did not prepare the list of contributors from whom contributions were collected by him. He did not issue any receipts to those contributors.

DW.43-V. Kothandaraman has deposed that MRC Nagar is situated in Mylapur Legislative Constituency. KRV Ramani was the AIADMKs Partys Secretary for Mylapur Constituency. The secretary of the above area was responsible to over see the decoration arrangements. It was customary to make collections and hand over the amount to the concerned area secretary. They collected Rs.1,00,000/- from the party workers, members and the office bearers of the Annanagar Area and handed over the same to KRV Ramani. Income Tax department has issued the notice. He has submitted written statements to that notice.

DW.64 - Shanmugam (Auditor) has deposed that he is a practicing Chartered Accountant. He has been practicing as Chartered Accountant for the past over 25 years. His educational qualifications are B.Com., FCA.

He was the Auditor for A1-Jayalalitha during the period from 1996 to 2000. He dealt with the Accounts and Assessments of A1-Jayalalithat for the assessment years 1992-92 to 1997-98.

The check period pertaining to the present case is from 1991-92 to 1996-97 (1/7/91 to 30/4/1996). During this period A1-Jayalalitha had acquired only one property namely vacant site bearing No.31/A, Poes Garden, Chennai. The value of the said property on the date of acquisition including the cost of registration was around Rs.10,00,000/-.

During the above period A1-Jayalalitha renovated her residential building in No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai. She also constructed a new building in No.31/A., Poes Garden. She also constructed new Farm House in her Grape Garden at Jedimetla village, Hyderabad.

Apart from the above items of properties, A1- Jayalalitha did not have either beneficial interest or ownership in any other property during the above period.

A1-Jayalalitha was a partner in:

1. M/s. Jaya Publications.

2. M/s. Sasi Enterprises.

A1-Jayalalitha was not taking active interest in the day to day Management of the above firms.

A1- Jayalalitha assumed the office of Chief Minister of Tamilnadu on 24.06.1991. During May, 1991-92 she executed a Power of Attorney in favour of A2-Sasikala to carry on business of M/s. Jaya Publicationson her own without any reference to her (A1-Jayalalitha). He has seen Ex.P995. It is xerox copy of the General Power of Attorney dated 27.05.1992 executed by A1-Jayalalitha in favour of A2-Sasikala.

A1-Jayalalitha acquired agricultural land measuring about 15 acres during the year 1968 at Jedimetla Village near Hyderabad. There was a grape garden in the said land at the time of its acquisition by A1-Jayalalitha. A1- Jayalalitha was deriving agricultural income from the said Grape Garden. She was declaring the said agricultural income in her Income Tax Returns.

A1-Jayalalitha used to file her tax Returns to the Central Circle-2, Office of Income Tax where all her assessments were centralized. The Central Circle-2was a Circle where high net worth Individuals and Corporates are assessed. The assessments taking place in the Central Circle are always scrutiny assessments. In scrutiny assessments every item of Income and Expenditure will be enquired into in detail under Sec.143(3) of Income Tax Act.

During the assessment year 1994-95 the agricultural income declared by the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha had been partly disallowed by the Income Tax Department. Against that A1-Jayalalitha had preferred an appeal before Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals). In the files which are produced before Court by the Income Tax Department he identifies Ex.D61 as Certified True Copy of the order dated 31.03.1999 passed Income Tax (Appeals-1), Chennai. Normally the Appellate Authority hears both the Assessee as well as Department before deciding the appeals.

Up to the assessment year 1992-93 the agricultural income declared by A1-Jayalalitha in her Income Tax Returns had been allowed by the Department. It is only from the Assessment Year 1993-94 onwards the Income Tax Authorities had partly disallowed the agricultural income declared by A1-Jayalalitha in her Tax Returns. In the above mentioned Appeal, the Appellate Authority called for a Report from the Assessing Authority with a direction to inspect the Grape Garden of A1-Jayalalitha and submit a detailed Report regarding the existing standing crops and the derivable income.

The Assessing Authority inspected the Grape Garden of A1-Jayalalith somewhere during the month February or March, 1999. During the said inspection he was present as an authorized representative of the Grape Garden of A1- Jayalalitha into 10 parts and physically counted the number of Grape Wines in each part. Apart from Grape Wines, there was also Setthapl Trees, Rampal Tress, Coconut Trees, Pomegranate Trees and plantain shrubs. There was also a small portion flower garden growing roses and kadambam. There were in all 11,481 Grape Wines in the entire Grape Garden of A1. Based on the above physical inspection, the Assessing Authority submitted his report to the Appellate Authority.

Prior to the above inspection, the Income Tax Officer had recorded the Sworn Statement of neighbouring land owner by name Mallareddy during the year 1997 in his presence. In the documents produced before the Court by the Income Tax Department, he identifies Ex.D62.

The Assessing Authority who inspected the Grape Garden of A1 obtained a Report from NABARD regarding price of Grapes.

The Appellate Authority on the basis of the Report submitted by the Assessing Authority and also the Report of NABARD and the Sworn Statement of the said Mallareddy, passed an Order on 31.03.1999 as per Ex.D61 allowing the claim of A1-Jayalalitha.

Even during the Assessment Years 1995-96 and 1996-97, the Assessing Authority had partly disallowed the agricultural income shown by A1-Jayalalitha in her IT returns for those years. Against the Order of the Assessing Authority, separate Appeals were preferred by A1- Jayalalith before the Income Tax Appellate Authority. The appeals were clubbed and a common order was passed by the Appellate Authority on 29.12.1999 as per Ex.D63. The appellate Authority passed the Order Ex.D63 based on the previous report of the Assessing Authority and also taking into account of the inflation factor in the price index.

The Revenue (Income Tax Department) preferred Second Appeals against the Orders as per Exs.D61 and D63 before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal after hearing both sides dismissed the Appeals of the Department affirming the Orders of the 1st Appellate Authority. Copy of the Order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal is found in the file produced by IT Department. The said Order is Ex.D64 dated 11.1.2008.

The Income Tax Authorities re-opened the earlier Assessments done for the Assessment Years 1987-88 to 1992-93, in the year 1998 and sent Notices to the Assessee. The Assessee in her Reply to the said Notices sent by the Department required the Department to state the reasons for re-opening the earlier concluded Assessments. The Income Tax Department started the Reassessment Proceedings without assigning any reasons. Hence, A1-Jayalalitha preferred Writ Petition before Chennai High Court challenging the Re-opening of the Assessments. In the said Writ Petition, the Department filed their Counter explaining there under the reasons for re-opening for Assessments. In the light of that A1- Jayalalitha withdrew the Writ Petition.

The Income Tax Department in the above Writ Petition had explained that the Anti-Corruption Department in Tamilnadu had informed them that the agricultural income declared by the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha was inflated and not a reason one and thereby the Department decided to re-open the earlier Assessments.

The Assessing Authority after re-opening the Assessments for the Assessment years 1987-88 to 1992-93, passed fresh Order partly disallowing the agricultural income declared by the Assessee. Against the Re- Assessment Orders passed by the Assessing Authority, the Assessee preferred separate Appeals before the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals). The Appellate Authority after hearing the Assessee by a Common Order on 31.03.2002, deleting the disallowance made by the Assessing Authority in respect of the agricultural income declared by Assessee. The Appeals filed by the Revenue came to be dismissed on 20.4.2007.

Under the Scheme of Income Tax Act, the Order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal would be final on the question of facts and no further Appeals from the decision of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, on the question of facts.

With regard to the renovation work carried out by the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha during the check period (1/7/1991 to 30/4/1996) there were Assessment proceedings under the Income Tax Act. In the said Assessment Proceedings for the years 1994-95, 1995-96 and 1996-97, the Assessing Authority had issued a direction to the District Valuation Officer to value the construction carried out by the Assessee during the relevant Assessment Years. In the file produced by the Income Tax Department, he identifies Ex.D66 as the Report dated: nil, submitted by the Valuation Officer in respect of the renovation work undertaken by the Assessee during the accounting years 1991-92, 1992-93 and 1993-94.

The total agricultural income shown in the Returns filed by the Assessee and income shown by the Department during the Check period 1/7/1991 to 30/4/1996 was Rs.52,50,000/-.

In respect of the above period, the Assessee had also submitted the Report of Registered Valuer before the Assessing Authorities. Copy of the Report dated 22.03.1998 of the said Registered Valuer is also available in the file produced by the Income Tax Department as per Ex.D66.

The Assessing Authority based on the Report of District Valuation Officer of IT Department had passed the Assessment Orders for the Check period over-looking the materials produced by the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha. Against the said Assessment Orders, the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha preferred Appeal before the 1st Appellate Authority. In the Order Ex.D63, the Appellate Authority considered both the reports of the Registered Valuer produced by the Assessee and also District Valuation Officer of the Department. The Appellate Authority noticed that there was no difference between the Report submitted by the District Valuation Officer regarding extent of construction and renovation.

It was demonstrated before the Appellate Authority that the cost of structure as reflected in the Registered Valuers Report almost tallied with the estimation done by the District Valuation Officer. At page Nos.15 to 17 of the Orders passed by the Appellate Authority vide Ex.D63, they find the comparative table of the above Reports. The comparative table shows that apart from the value of structures, the value of one Lift, Generators, Electrical Appliances, Air Conditioners, Refrigerator etc. shown in the Registered Valuers Report almost tallied with the Report of the District Valuation Officer. The difference was only regarding the cost of marbles used for the said construction.

The appellate Authority gave a direction to the Assessing Authority to verify the cost of marbles with reference to the bills submitted by A1-Jayalalithat and to submit Report regarding the said marbles. The Assessing Authority visited the premises of the marble suppliers in Bombay. The names of the said Marble Suppliers are:

1) M/s. Simplex Enterprises.

2) M/s. New Diamond Granite Exports.

3) M/s. Pashupathi Granites Pvt. Ltd.

4) M/s. Elegant Marbles and Grani Industries Ltd.

The Assessing Authority issued Summons to the above suppliers and recorded their Sworn Statements. The Assessing Authority also collected copies of the Invoices raised by the above Marble Suppliers in respect of similar Marbles supplied to their other customers during the above period. Copies of the said Invoices are available before the Court in the file produced by the Income Tax Department.

The District Valuation Officer had adopted the Quotations said to have been given by M/s. Elegant Marbles and Grani Industries Ltd. to base his Valuations Report. Relying on this, the Assessing Authority had passed the Order. But the Appellate Authority after considering the Sworn Statements of the aforesaid Suppliers and also the Inspection Report of the Assessing Authority, passed the Order at Ex.D63. In the file produced by the Income Tax Department, they find Certified True Copy of Letter dated 08/12/1989 addressed to the Assessing Authority namely Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, by Elegant Marbles and Granite Industries Ltd as per Ex.D68.

The Appellate Authority while agreeing with the Returns submitted by the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha, added a sum of Rs.2,00,000/- in respect of each of the three constructions done by the Assessee and passed Order at Ex.D68. Feeling aggrieved by the Order passed by the Appellate Authority, the Assessee namely A1- Jayalalitha as well as the Revenue Preferred the Appeals before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The said second appeals were all heard together and they were disposed of by a Common Order dated 11/1/2008 vide Ex.D64. The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal under the above Ex.D64 deleted the addition of Rs.6,00,000/- made by the 1st Appellate Authority, in respect of the above constructions done by the Assessee. The 2nd Appeals preferred by the Revenue were all dismissed by the Appellate Tribunal.

The marriage of V.N. Sudhakaran (A3) took place on 7/9/1995. During October, 1995 the Income Tax Department sent Notice to A1-Jayalalitha with a questionnaire and called upon A1-Jayalalitha as to whether A1-Jayalalitha spent for the marriage of V.N. Sudhakaran (A3). A1-Jayalalitha sent a reply mentioning that she did not spend for the marriage of V.N. Sudhakaran (A3). She clarified that the expenses were met by the brides family during the above marriage and that some expenses were also incurred by the Party Workers of AIADMK Party.

In this regard, there were proceedings under Income Tax Act during the Assessment Year 1996-97. The Department wanted to Charge A1-Jayalalitha regarding the expenditure incurred for the above marriage to the tune of around Rs.97,00,000/-.

The above expenditure of Rs.97,00,000/- was spread over under four heads namely:

1) Compliments given along with Invitations

2) Decoration of the marriage site.

3) Decoration on the procession route.

4) Food expenses to Party Members.

With regard to the expenditure charged under the head “compliments given along with Invitations”, six persons immediately after the above marriage confirmed to the Income Tax Department that they had received the compliments along with Invitation, from one V.Bhaskaran. Further three more persons confirmed the same during the Assessment Proceedings. The said V. Bhaskaran had also addressed a Letter to the Assessing Authority. The said Letter was produced by him before the Assessing Authority during the Assessing Authority during the Assessment Proceedings. Certified Copy of that Letter dated 18.03.1999 is available in the file produced before the Court by the Income Tax Department as per Ex.D69. The said V. Bhaskaran is the elder brother of the bridegroom namely V.N. Sudhakaran (A3). Hence, the 1st Appellate Authority held that the expenditure charged under this head cannot be held to be incurred by A1-Jayalalitha.

With regard to the expenditure under the head “Decoration of the Marriage site”, one Kanchi Paneer Selvam (DW26) and eleven others confirmed before the Income Tax Authorities that the expenditure was incurred by them. In the file produced by the Income Tax Department Certified True Copy of the joint letter addressed by the said Kanchi Paneer Selvam and 11 others is available and it is already marked as Ex.D46. These persons produced documentary evidence before the Assessing Authority giving the details of money collected by them for decoration of the marriage site.

With regard to the expenditure on “Decoration of the Procession Route”, one K.R.V. Ramani had confirmed at the time of marriage and also before the Assessing Authority, that he had collected money from various Party men. He also produced documentary evidence giving details of money received and money spent.

With regard to “Food expenses to the party Members”, one O.S. Maniyan, Adirajaram (DW31) and Thangamuttu DW25) have confirmed before the Assessing Authority that they incurred the expenditure relating to food provided to the Party Members. They also produced documentary evidence giving details of money collected. Most of those persons who made money contributions were summoned by the Assessing Authority and their Sworn Statements were recorded. Further three cook who had prepared food for the Party Workers confirmed before the Assessing Authority that they received money from O.S. Maniyan, Adirajaram and Thangamuttu.

The Appellate Authority deleted the additions made by the Assessing Authority in respect of the first three items namely “1) Compliments given along with Invitations, 2) Decoration of the Marriage site, 3) Decoration along Marriage Route”. With regard to the fourth item namely “Expenses incurred towards Food supplied to the Party Members” the Assessing Authority on surmise that the Assessee being the General Secretary of the Party may have incurred expenditure, took the expenditure as Rs.3,00,000/- and assessed the Assessee.

The assessee as well as the Department preferred the 2nd Appeals before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai against the above Order passed by the 1st Appellate Authority. The Appellate Tribunal after hearing both the sides passed the order as per Ex.D64 deleting the addition of Rs.3,00,000/- done by the Appellate Authority, as being done without any basis. The Tribunal also dismissed the Appeals filed by the Revenue.

At the time, when A1-Jayalalitha acquired the Grape Garden in Jedimetla near Hyderabad, there existed an old Farm House in it. A1-Jayalalitha constructed a new Farm House thereafter. The old farm house was not renovated by her during the check period.

When the District Valuation Officer visited the said Grape Garden during the year 1997 in connection with valuation of the Farm House, he was present as a Representative of the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha. During the said inspection, the District Valuation Officer observed that no renovation was done by A1-Jayalalitha to the said Farm House. The New Farm House which was built by A1-Jayalalitha was valued. The Income Tax Authorities on the basis of valuation Report submitted by the District Valuation Officer completed the assessment on the premise that new Farm house was constructed by A1- Jayalalitha in the said Grape Garden and there was no renovation of the old Farm House.

One Mr. Vijayashankar was the Architect for A1- Jayalalitha. He designated the architecture of the Farm House as well as new building constructed in No.31/A, Poes Garden, Payments to the Architect always used to be made through cheques. The said Architect Vijayashankar was not engaged for any work relating to the marriage of V.N. Sudhakaran (A3).

The Assessee did not purchase any jewelry during the check period. During the Assessment Proceedings covering the check period (1/7/1991 to 30/4/1996) every item mentioned in the I.T. Returns filed by A1- Jayalalitha was thoroughly checked by the I.T. Authorities and they found that no purchases of jewelry were made by the Assessee during the above period.

After the Scrutiny Assessment was completed for the period 1997-98 Commissioner of Income Tax invoked Section 263 of Income Tax Act on the premise that the jewellery, sarees, footwear, motor vehicles, wrist watches etc. were not valued in line with the valuation done by the Directorate of Vigilance and Anti Corruption, TamilNadu. In this connection, a Show Cause Notice was issued to Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha on 06.11.2001. In the files produced before the Court by the Income Tax Department he identifies Ex.D70 as Certified True Copy of the Show Cause Notice dated 06.11.2001 sent to A1-Jayalalitha by the Commissioner of Income Tax. To the said Show Cause Notice, copies of Inventory Mahazara drawn by Anti Corruption Police in respect of premises No.31/1, Poes Garden and No.36, Poes Garden along with covering letter were attached. In the files submitted to the Court by the Income Tax Department he identifies Ex.D71 as Certified True Copy of covering letter dated 31.1.1997 addressed by Additional Director of Income Tax, to the Asst. Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II (5), Chennai. Copies of Inventory Panchanamas enclosed to that letter are Exs.D72 and D73. To the said Show Cause Notice, a reply in the form of objections was submitted by the Assessee before the Commissioner of Income Tax. The Commissioner of Income Tax considering the above Reply of the Assessee, passed an order on 12.2.2002 as per Ex.D74, setting aside the original Assessment done by the Assessing Authority.

Against the order passed by the Commissioner of Income Tax, the Assessee preferred an Appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal after hearing both sides passed an Order on 11.1.2008 as per Ex.D64 annulling the order passed by the Commissioner of Income Tax, both the facts and law.

On account of late filing of IT Returns by the Assessee, the Assessing Authority imposed penalty under Section 271(1)(b) of IT Act, by Order dated 30.08.1996 passed by him. Against the said Order imposing penalty the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha preferred an Appeal before the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) for the late filing of IT Returns against the Order passed by the 2nd Appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. A submission was made before the Appellate Tribunal that the delay in filing of IT Returns was due to the negligence on the part of the then Auditors M/s. Rajashekar and Co. It was also submitted before the Appellate Tribunal that the Assessee was holding the post of Chief Minister of TamilNadu and she had entrusted the job of filing of her IT Returns to her said Auditors. The Appellate Tribunal accepted the explanation/contention of the Assessee and deleted the penalty levied by the Assessing Authority, under its Order dated 11.1.2008 as per Ex.D64.

The Assessing Authority had also imposed penalty under Section 271(1)(C) of IT Act for concealment of income by the Assessee and for furnishing of inaccurate particulars of income. Against this Order, the Assessee preferred 1st appeal before the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals). The Appellate Authority under separate Orders dated 18.6.1997 and 25.3.1999 pertaining to the Assessment Years 1993-94 and 1994-95 respectively, cancelled the penalty levied by the Assessing Authority. Against the Order passed by the 1st Appellate Authority, the Revenue filed 2nd appeals before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal under its common order dated 11.1.2008 dismissed the 2nd appeals preferred by the Revenue.

According to him in view of the Orders passed by the Income Tax Authorities there was no concealment of income by the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha before the IT Authorities.

The Assessees 44th birthday fell on 24.2.1992. At that time, the Assessee had received gifts by way of Demand Drafts and cash from various Party Workers, aggregating to Rs.2,15,00,012/- (Rupees Two Crores Fifteen Lakhs and Twelve Only). She had also received Foreign Remittance for Rs.77,52,591/-. The said gifts were duly declared by her in her IT Returns filed before the Assessing Authority. The said Demand Drafts were all remitted to the Bank Account of A1-Jayalalitha.

The Central Bureau of Investigation initiated Criminal Proceedings against A1-Jayalalitha regarding the above gift items. The action of the CBI in initiating those proceedings against A1-Jayalalitha was challenged by A1-Jayalalitha before Madras High Court in a Criminal Petition filed u/Section 482 of Cr.P.C. The said Criminal Proceedings came to be quashed in entirely by the Madras High Court.

The Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha had rental income from house property, interest income from deposits, dividend income from shares and agricultural income from her agricultural lands.

If an Assessee incurs expenditure without showing proper source of income then under the Income Tax Act, such expenditure would be treated as undisclosed investment and brought to tax. During the above check period, there was no such instance of the Assessee namely A1-Jayalalitha making such investment without disclosing the source.

In internal page 13 of the order at Ex.D63, the Appellate Authority gave direction to the assessing authority to visit Mumbai and ascertain the rates of Marbles and Granites and submit a report to the appellate authority. In the records which are produced by Income Tax Department before this Court, he Identifies Ex.D209 as the letter dated 1.12.1999 addressed to the assessing officer by the appellate authority, requesting the assessing authority to ascertain the market rates of Marbles and Granites at Mumbai from the suppliers. Pursuant to this letter, the assessing officer had visited Mumbai for ascertaining the rates at which the suppliers supplied Marbles and Granites to A1. He had accompanied the assessing officer. In the records produced before Court by the Income Tax Department he identifies Ex.D210 as the report which was submitted by assessing officer to the appellate authority on 10.12.1999. To the said report, the assessing officer attached the details of quotations given by the suppliers. The said quotations form Annexures 1 to 40 the report Ex.D210. In one of the quotations, the supplier of White Marbles namely M/s Simplex Enterprises has mentioned that on account of the bulk quantity ordered by Accused No.1 discount was given regarding the rates of supply of Marble. The Income Tax Authorities enquired the said Simplex Enterprises and other suppliers and recorded their sworn statements. In the assessment proceedings, he had produced complete details of the payments made by A1 for construction of the building in No.31-A, Poes Garden, for the renovation of the building in property No.36, Poes Garden and for the new construction made in the property at Jedimetla near Hyderabad, along with a covering letter as per Ex.D211. There are two annexures to this letter. The details of expenditure shown in the annexures to the above letter includes the payment of Rs.1,88,160/- through DD dated 22.08.1995 in favour of New Diamond Granite Exports, payment of Rs.1,60,000/- through DD dated 01.09.1995 in favour of New Diamond Granite Exports. In Annexure No.2 to the above letter dated 25.01.1999, items Nos.9, 10, 11 and 24 are the payments made to Marbles suppliers of Bombay by A1.

After enquiry, the 1st appellate Authority accepted the cost of which was declared as incurred by the assessee in the return of income filed, subject to addition of Rs.2,00,000/- for each of the constructions made in the above properties. On further appeal by the department as well as assessee, the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal while confirming the cost of construction as declared by the assessee in respect of all the above 3 buildings, deleted the ad-hoc addition of Rs.2,00,000/- each in respect of each of the above 3 buildings made by the 1st appellate authority. The said order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal is at Ex.D64.

The total cost of construction incurred by A1 for the construction of the new building in property No.31-A, Poes Garden was Rs.137.60 Lakhs. The total cost of renovation incurred by A1 in respect of the buildings in property No.36, Poes Garden was Rs.76.75 Lakhs. The cost of construction of new building in Jedi Metla property was Rs.139.62 Lakhs.

The total cost of construction incurred by A1 for the construction of new building in property No.31-A, Poes Garden was Rs.137.60 Lakhs. The total cost of renovation incurred by A1 in respect of the building in property No.36, Poes Garden was Rs.76.75 Lakhs. The cost of construction of new building in Jedi Metla property was Rs.139.62 Lakhs. Had the assessee been unable to explain the source of income for meeting the above expenditure, the income tax authorities would have constructed that the above expenditure was met by the assessee from undisclosed income. No such order was passed in any of the proceedings before the IT Authorities that the above expenditure was met by the assessee from undisclosed income. The source of income as per returns filed by the assessee was accepted by the IT Authorities, in respect of the above expenditure.

Part of the building in No.31-A Poes Garden had been leased by the assessee in favour of J Jay. TV Pvt.Ltd. Part of the building in Jedi Metla property had been leased by the assessee in favour of A2-Sasikala. Copy of the memorandum of understanding dated 10.12.1994 entered into between A1 Jayalalitha and J. Jay. TV Pvt. Ltd. and copy of memorandum of understanding dt. 09.07.1994 entered into between A1-Jayalalitha and A2-Sasikala were produced by him before the Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax along with letter dated 26.3.1999. Office copy of the said letter dated 26.3.1999 bearing the stamp seal of Income Tax Department is Ex.D212. Copy of the said memorandum of understanding dt.10.12.1994 between A1-Jayalalitha and M/s. J.Jay TV Pvt. Ltd. and copy of memorandum of understanding dated 9.7.1994 between A1-Jayalalitha and A2-Sasikala are Ex.D213 and Ex.D214 respectively. These documents were accepted and acted upon by the Income Tax Authorities. For the construction of the building property No.31-A, Poes Garden, Madras M/s. J. Jay TV Pvt. Ltd. spent Rs.38,21,000/-. In respect of the building constructed in Jedi Metla property A2 Sasikala spent Rs.31,78,000/-.

In Ex.P2330 item No.142 showing payment of Rs.15,90,726/- is the payment made by A1 towards income tax. In the same document item Nos.178, 179 and 180 showing payments of Rs.2,30,445/- (Rs.2,675/- + 2,27,770/-), Rs.5,63,482/- (Rs.9,282/- + Rs.5,54,200/-), Rs.8,18,161/- (Rs.9,905/- + Rs.8,08,256/-) are the payments made by A1 to the Income Tax Department towards income tax for assessment years 1987-88, 1988- 89 and 1989-90 respectively. The payment of Rs.15,90,726/- shown in statement of expenditure annexure-4 to the charge sheet and the payment of taxes as per items Nos. 178, 179 and 180 shown in same annexure No.4 to the charge sheet is one and the same item of expenditure but it is wrongly accounted twice in the expenditure annexure Ex.P2330.

A1-Jayalalitha was General Secretary of AIADMK Party during the entire check period. As General Secretary of the party, she used to receive gifts in the form of Gold Sword, Gold Crown and Gold Scepter during various party functions from the organizers. These items for security reasons had been kept at the residence of Accused No.1. None of these items personally belong to A1. In this regard, Mr. Dindigal the assessing-Treasurer of AIADMK Party had given letter to the Assessing Officer. He was representing the assessee namely A1 before the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) vide order Ex.D64. The total amount of interest that accrued to A1 as per her Bank accounts during the check period (01.07.1991 to 30.04.1996) and as assessed by the I.T. Authorities was Rs.78,26,457.50 Paise. The assessee had received rental advance of Rs.1,35,000/- during the check period in respect of her Srinagar Colony property, Hyderabad from the tenant. During the above check period, A1 got refund of wealth tax to the tune of Rs.1,35,631/-. She also received back maturity deposit amount to the tune of Rs.7,00,000/- from Sriram Chits during the above check period.

Before the Income Tax Authority he had submitted a petition requesting them to enquire whether PW125-Vasudevan was a registered valuer under the Wealth Tax Act and whether his valuation of Jewelry can be considered for the purpose of wealth tax. The IT Authorities gave intimation to the assessee stating that said Vasudevan is not an approved valuer. Copy of the letter dated 16.11.1998 addressed to the Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax; Central Circle-II(2), Chennai is Ex.D215. The intimation dated 31.12.1998 sent by Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax to A1 is Ex.D216.

In case where any property is held by an assessee Benami in the name of other person and the IT Authorities on enquiry find that there is such Benami holding of property by the assessee in the names of others, the IT Authorities will treat the assessee as the owner of such property and if assessee is unable to explain the source of income for the acquisition of such property then the IT Authorities will treat the source as undisclosed income and proceed to assess such income. In respect of A1 there was no finding by IT Authorities that A1 was holding any such property or funds Benami i.e. in the names of any other person.

The document which is marked as Ex.D69 dated 18.03.1999 is incomplete. Its complete copy is found in Volume No.10 of the records produced by Income Tax Department. Complete copy of the said document is Ex.D69(A).

During the cross-examination, he has stated that he completed his B.Com degree in 1984. He completed his Chartered Accountancy course in 1987. He did Articleship under M/s Brammaiah and Co., Chartered Accountants, Chennai from the year 1984-87. He started independent practice as Chartered Accountant from February 1988. From September 1988, he became a partner in M/s. Shanmugham and Muttu, Chartered Accountants. He does not remember the day or month on which he was appointed as before the Tax Authority and representing the Assessee a letter of authorization is required. He does not have copy of the letter of authorization issued by A1 appointing him as her auditor. If necessary he would produce that letter later. The documents which are filed before this Court by the IT Authorities would show that he has dealt with the accounts of A1. He has filed the IT returns for A1-Jayalalitha for few years during the period 1991-92 to 1998. He knows A1 personally. He is not her family member. A1 authorised him to represent on behalf of her before IT Authorities. He has not brought copy of the letter of authorization issued by A1 authorizing him to represent her before the IT Authorities in various proceedings relating to her. If required he would produce it later.

He has not gone through the sale deed pertaining to property No.31-A, Poes Garden. It is true that IT Appeal No.214/1997-98 was filed by him before Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeal) on behalf of A1. It is not true to suggest that he has falsely stated before the Court that he was present when the statement of Mallaredy was recorded by the Assessing Officer as per Ex.D62. In Ex.D61, which is copy of the order dated 31.03.1991 passed in IT Appeal No.214/1997-98 by the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals)-I, Chennai his attention has been drawn to the following observation at page 15 of the order:

“The counsel expressed the ignorance of the appellant about the visit of the officers of the Horticulture Department of Andra Pradesh. Similarly he pointed out that it was not known to the appellant as to when Mr. Mallareddy was examined and a statement was recorded from him”.

With regard to the above observation of the Appellate Authority, he said that one Mr. Maruthi Nahendran who was Chartered Accountant of Mallareddy was present and he attested the Sworn Statement of the said Mallareddy recorded as per Ex.D62 and that he was present at that time. He has not signed the said Sworn Statement of Mallareddy, as Chartered Accountant of A1. The said Sworn Statement does not mention his name. He does not have any document to show that he was present at Jedi Metla property when Sworn Statement of said Mallareddy was recorded as per Ex.D62 on 12.03.1997 by the Assistant Director of Income Tax, Hyderabad.

Question:- I suggest to you that although you are authorized representative of A1-Jayalalithat and you claim that you have audited her accounts, You did not properly present her case before the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals). What do you say?

Ans:- He has now read para-7 of the Order dt.11.01.2008 passed in I.T.-Appeals Nos. 1277 and 1836/Mds/97 and connected appeals filed by A1 before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Bench-B, Chennai. The appeal was against the imposition of penalty under Section 271(1) (b) of Income Tax Act. The Appellate Authority had observed in para7 of the above order that the Assessee namely A1 being Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu state and also General Secretary of Political Party at the relevant period was naturally busy with state matters and had entrusted all tax matters were taken care by her tax consultant promptly and that unfortunately her tax return was not filed and her income tax case was not represented properly by her accountant and the same has resulted in ex-parte assessment and penalty. The Appellate Authority has also observed further that for the mistake of the counsel it was not just and proper for the assessing officer to penalize the Assessee. I say that M/s. Rajashekar and Co., Chartered Accountants were the tax consultants for A1 at relevant point of time and on account of their mistake the penalty came to be levied on A1 by the Income Tax Assessing Officer.

Question:- I suggest that A1 terminated your services on account of your non performance. What do you say?

Ans:-It may be the view of A1. But he has performed his professional duties punctually.

The check period in the present case is from 01.07.1991 to 30.04.1996. He did not participate in the sale transaction pertaining to property No.31-A, Poes Garden, Chennai. He had not produced copy of the sale deed Ex.P1 dated 22.07.1991 before the Income Tax Authorities. But the previous auditor might have produced that document. He does not know that property No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai stood in the name of Natyakala Niketan represented by N.R. Sandhya and Jayalalitha. He has not seen copy of the license issued by the local authority permitting renovation of the building in No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai. He could not say that as to when exactly the renovation was started in the above property. He also could not say the date on which the said renovation work was completed. He has not seen any completion certification issued after the said renovation work in respect of the above property No.36, Poes Garden.

He has not seen the copy of the license issued by the local authority for the construction of building in No.31-A, Poes Garden. He also knows the exact date on which the said work of construction was commenced and the date on which the said work of construction was commenced and the date on which the said work was finished. He has not seen completion certification in respect of the building constructed in property No.31-A, Poes Garden.

He has not seen the license issued for the construction of the Farm House in the Grape Garden in Jedi Metla property of A1 near Hyderabad. He does not know the exact date on which the construction work of said farm house was commenced and the date on which the said work was completed.

He has seen the deeds of partnership pertaining to M/s. Jaya publications and M/s. Sasi Enterprises. M/s. Jaya Publications is carrying on the business of printing and publishing news paper and M/s Sasi Enterprises was carrying on the business of Secretarial work of Typing, Copying, Fax, and hiring of video Tapes. He was not aware that prior to 27.05.1992 (Date of execution of General Power of Attorney Ex.P995) accused No.1 herself was looking after the business of M/s. Jaya Publications and M/s Sasi Enterprises along with A2 Sasikala. He does not know that except Ex.P995 no other General Power of Attorney had been executed by A1. Ex.P995 had been executed by A1 in respect of the business of M/s. Jaya Publications. The said General Power of Attorney was executed during the check period.

He has not gone through the title deed pertaining to Jedi Metla property acquired by A1 in the year 1968. He does not know the Survey Number of the said Land. Out of the said land which was acquired by A1, about 10 acres was brought under cultivation. He was not sure that the said Jedi Metla property stood in the name of Natyakala Niketan represented by the said N.R. Sandhya and A1-Jayalalitha.

Central Circle-II of Income Tax Department in Chennai is an Assessment Wing but not Vigilance Wing as suggested. He has stated that whenever A1 filed her Income Tax Returns she disclosed her income. The Income Tax returns for the assessment year 1991-92, 1992-93, 1994-95, 1995-96 of A1 were filed by her previous tax consultant namely R. Rajashekar and Co., said Rajashekar has been examined in this case as PW228. The said Rajahshekar had also filed Wealth Tax Returns of A1 for the above assessment years. He has further stated that on account of non filing of IT returns for the assessment year 1993-95 within the stipulated time i.e. on or before 31.08.1994, A1 was served with notice under Section 142(1) of IT Act. A reminder was also sent to her on 15.02.1996 for filing the above IT return without further delay. The Chartered Accountants, who were Tax Consultants of A1, had submitted letters dt. 02.9.1996, 8.9.1996, and 17.9.1996 before the Assessing Officer seeking extension of time for submitting returns. Ultimately, the IT return for the assessment year 1993-94 was filed on behalf of A1 on 23.9.1996. That IT return was not prepared by him. He does not know that after PW232 Dr. Subramanian Swamy filed complaint against A1 on 14.06.1996, the above IT return for the assessment year 1993-94 came to be filed on 23.09.1996.

Question:- I suggest to you that the IT Return of A1 for the assessment year 1993-94 was filed belatedly on 23.09.1996 in order to set right her unaccounted income and properties. What do you say?

Ans: He does not know what was the said unaccounted income and properties of A1.

Question:- I suggest to you that property at No.36, Poes Garden, No.31-A, Poes Garden and Grape Garden at Jedi Metla village near Hyderabad, the buildings therein were all not disclosed by A1 in her IT returns filed before the IT Authorities for the Assessment year 1993-94. What do you say?

Ans: The purchase of the said properties had been disclosed in the IT Returns. The constructions of buildings have been shown in the IT returns for the year in which the said construction was done.

A1 had deposited Rs.1,00,00,000/- as Cumulative Deposit in Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch, Chennai in June 1992. It is not true to suggest that A1 had not produced the bills showing the purchase of building materials used for construction made in the above mentioned Chennai properties, before the IT Authorities. It is not true to suggest that the valuation report Ex.D67 given by the registered valuers ANBU SIVAM CONSORTUM is not correct and proper.

Question:- I suggest to you that the report Ex.D67 was prepared by the above valuer at the instance of A1-Jayalalitha. What do you say?

Ans: He said that the said report was prepared by the above valuer for submission before the IT Authorities, at the request of A1.

The valuation report Ex.D67 pertains to immovable property only. He was not present when the above property was inspected by the said registered valuer. According to him, against the order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, a further appeal under Section260-A of the I.T.Act would lie only on question of law but not on question of fact. As against the order at Ex.D64 appeals filed by the Revenue, in IT Appeals No.1007/Mds/99, IT Appeals No.428/Mds/2000 and ITA No.429/Mds/2000 were partly allowed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Bench-B Chennai. Under the said order ITA No.994/Mds/99 filed by the Assessee namely A1 came to be dismissed. Cross-objections C.O.03-03 filed by the Assessee also ame to be dismissed as per the above order. He had not represented A1 before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Bench-B, Chennai. He does not know that against that portion of the order under Ex.D64 which went against the Revenue, the Revenue filed appeals before the High Court of Tamil Nadu and those appeals are pending.

He does not have any document to show that he was present when the Assessing Authority visited the premises of Marble suppliers in Bombay namely M/s. Simplex Enterprise, M/s New Diamond Granite Exports, M/s Pashupathi Granite Pvt. Ltd. and M/s Elegant Marbles and Granite Industries Ltd. The Assessing Authority while recording the Sworn Statements of the above suppliers has not made a record regarding his presence before him, for the reason that there is no such practice of recording the presence of Assessees Tax representatives while recording such Sworn Statements. He denies the suggestion that he has no personal knowledge of the cost of construction of buildings of Accused.

The sale deed at Ex.P1 dated 22.07.1991 pertains to property No.31-A Poes Garden acquired by A1. Ex.P4 dated 22.09.1991 pertains to the land and building in S.7, Thiruvika Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai acquired by M/s. Jaya Publications. The sale deed Ex.P6 dated 29.05.1992 pertains to the Land and TANSI Foundry (Defunct) in Thiruvika Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai acquired by M/s Jaya Publications on the dates of above sale deeds.

He was not appointed as Auditor by A3 Sudagaran at any time. He has personal knowledge of the matters relating to the marriage of A3, with regard to the issues raised by the Income Tax Department in respect of A1. He did not attend the marriage of A3. I have not gone through the evidence given by DW84-O.S. Manian, DW31-Adhi Raja ram and DW25-Thangamuttu before this Court. He denies the suggestion that a revised return of income can be filed only if the 1st return is filed within the due date. He had represented on behalf of A1 during the re-assessment proceedings.

Question:- I suggest to you that the appeal in IT Appeal No.214/97-98 was filed on behalf of A1 before the Commissioner of Income Tax Appeals-I, Chennai, subsequent to the filing of present charge sheet, with a view to help the accused. What do you say?

Ans:- The appeal was filed by A1 on 1.5.1997 only after the service of the assessment order. The assessee had got 30 days time for preferring said appeal against the assessment order dated 31.03.1997 for the year 1994-95.

He denies the suggestion that A1 did not actually receive agriculture income of Rs.52.50 Lakhs during the period 1991-1996. The new Farm House was constructed in Jedi Metla property during the check period. He denies the suggestion that DV and AC had correctly estimated the value of new Farm House building in Jedi Metla property in the charge sheet filed before Court. He denies the suggestion that the food expenses during the marriage of A3 were met by assessing the value of the construction of the buildings in property No.36, Poes Garden and No.31-A, Poes Garden. He denies the suggestion that persons referred in Ex.D46 and Ex.D69 made false statements before the Income Tax Department. He further denies the suggestion that there was no contribution from the party workers of AIADMK Party for meeting the decoration expenses etc., during the marriage of A3-Sudhakaran. He also denies the suggestion that those expenses were actually met by A1 and she did so for the reason that A3 is her fostered son. He denies the suggestion that Kanchi Panneer Selvam (DW26), OS Manian (DW84), Adhi Rajaram (DW31) and Thangamuttu (DW25) gave false statements before the IT Authorities for favouring A1. He denies the suggestion that DV and AC have correctly assessed the value of the both movable and immovable properties referred in charge sheet.

He denies the suggestion that he was not present at the Grape Garden in Jedi Metla property near Hyderabad when it was inspected by the District Valuation Officer during the year 1997. He has produced any document before the Court to show that he was present during visits by District Valuation Officer. He could give the details of the Cheque payments made to the Architect Mr. Vijaya Shankar with regard to the work of designing the Architecture of Farm House in Jedi Metla property and building in No.31-A, Poes Garden. The details of payments are found in the annexures to Ex.D211. Under the assessment order, remanded the matter to the Assessing Officer with direction to make a proper enquiry and make proper assessment. But the Assessee preferred an appeal against the order Ex.D74 and the 2nd Appellate Authority restored the order which was passed by the Assessing Officer, after setting aside the order Ex.D74. He also denies the suggestion that the amount of Rs.2,15,00,012/- as gifts by way of demand draft and cash, were not at all received as such by A1 from the party workers and that the said amount is her ill gotten money.

He has not gone through the order passed by the Madras High Court in Crl. (Original) petition filed under Section 482 Cr.P.C. He does not know that against the said order passed by the Madras High Court, the CBI has preferred an appeal before the Supreme Court.

He could give the details of the rental income from house property, interest income from deposits, dividend income from shares and agricultural income from agricultural land derived by A1. The memorandum of understanding marked as Ex.D213 has not been drawn on a stamp paper. The said document does not speak regarding the investment to be made by each of the parties to the document. He does not know whether after the completion of the work referred in Ex.D213 the parties effected final settlement of account acceptable to both. Ex.D213 does not specify whether parties to it namely A1 and M/s. J. Jay TV Pvt. Ltd. have to contribute the amount for the work referred therein, equally or in proportions.

Ex.D214 which is another memorandum of understanding dated 09.07.1994 has not been drawn on a stamp paper. Even in this document there is no mention as to the manner in which the investment is to be made by the parties thereto for the execution of the work/project referred therein. He does not know whether any final accounting was made and accepted between the parties to Ex.D214. He was not aware whether Dindugal Srinivasan (DW91) had made any claim over the Gold Mementos referred in Ex.D250 and Ex.D250-A, stating that those items belong to AIADMK Party and they are to be returned to the party, in between the date of seizure of those items by DV and AC and the date on which the statement of DW91 was recorded before the IT Authorities. The letter as per Ex.D250 along with the list Ex.D250-A was addressed by the said Dindigal Srinivasan to the Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II(2), Chennai on 19.03.2003.

Accused No.1 was also a partner in M/s. Shastri Enterprises. He was not aware that during the check period the said M/s Sasi Enterprises have also acquired certain properties. Ex.P8 is a sale deed dated 30.09.1992 between TANSI and M/s. Sasi Enterprises. Ex.P23 is a registered sale deed dated 22.01.1993 executed by one Ramachandran in favour of M/s. Sasi Enterprises. Ex.P70 is the registered sale deed dated 14.11.1994 executed by Mr. Suresh Mittal, Managing Partner of R.M. Estate represented by its Power of Attorney Mr. Umashankar Modhi, M/s Feasta Properties Pvt. Ltd., and M/s. Jaya Publications.

Ex.P127 shown to him is copy of Deposit Receipt dated 07.09.1994 issued by M/s. Sriram Investments Ltd. in favour of A1 for Rs.15,00,000/-. Ex.P128 is copy of another deposit receipt dated 07.03.1995 issued by M/s. Sriram Investments in favour of A1 for Rs.15,00,000/- Ex.P129 is copy of deposit receipt dt.22.03.1995 for Rs.10,00,000/- issued by Sriram Investments Ltd. in favour of A1. Ex.P222 is a copy of invoice No.2295 dated 22.07.1992 pertaining to TATA Sierra Car in the name of A1. Ex.P224 is a copy of invoice No.1787 dt.12.12.1994 issued in favour of M/s. Jaya Publications in respect of TATA Mobile pickup van. Ex.P235 is a copy of invoice No.109713 dt.25.1.1991 issued by Maruthi Udyog Ltd. in favour of A1 in respect of Maruthi Gypsi-jeep. Ex.P245 is a copy of invoice No.2986 dated 29.03.1991 issued by Swaraj Mazda in favour of A1. Ex.P770 is a copy of sale deed dated 24.01.1992 executed by M/s. Holiday Spots Pvt. Ltd. in favour of M/s. Sasi Enterprises. Ex.P1903 is copy of statement of account pertaining to Current Account No.2047 of M/s. Jaya Publications with Canara Bank, Mylapore, Madras. Ex.P1377 is statement of account pertaining to current account no.23832 held by A1 with Canara Bank, Mylapur Branch. Ex.P1382 is copy of statement of account pertaining to current account No.2018 of Accused No.1 with Canara Bank, Mylapur Branch. Ex.P1254 is letter dated 15.12.1993 addressed to Indian Bank, Abirampuram Branch, Madras by A1 and A2 as partners of M/s Sasi Enterprises and Ex.P1255 is statement of account pertaining to Current Account No.1044 of Sasi Enterprises with Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch. Ex.P975 is statement of account pertaining to S.B. Ac. No.38671 of A1 with Canara Bank, Kellys Branch, Madras. Ex.D936 is statement of account pertaining to the SB Account No.20614 of A1 with Central Bank of India Secunderabad Branch, Hyderabad. Ex.P1012 is statement of account pertaining to current account No.752 of M/s. Jaya Publication with Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch. He denies the suggestion that A1 had not appointed him as her auditor at any point of time. He has not looked into the evidence given by DW2 Natarajan before this Court. He denies the suggestion that he has deposed falsely before Court and that he has done so in order to help accused No.1. He denies the suggestion that Ex.D213 and Ex.D214 are concocted documents.

N.R. Sandhya referred by him in his evidence is mother of A1. The said N.R. Sandhya died in the year 1971. The acceptability or otherwise of the registered valuers report was decided by the IT Authorities after verification and after receiving evidence in that behalf. The memorandum of understanding Ex.D213 pertains to the assessment year 1995-96. The expenditure statement which was submitted before the Assessing Officer by A1 in respect of user right granted to M/s. J.Jay TV was accepted by the Assessing Officer as there was no contradiction between the Assessee and M/s. J. Jay TV. Had Assessing Officer not accepted the above expenditure statement submitted by A1, the amount spent by M/s.J. Jay TV would have treated as unexplained investment and same would have been subjected to Tax. Such a thing was not done to A1 in respect of the above amount during the assessment year 1995-96.

DW.65 – Armugham, DW.66 – P.Jothi Murugan, DW.67 – T.V.Malar Mannan, DW.68 – R. Velumurugan, DW.69 –K.S.Arulmurugan, DW.70 – R. Rajendran, DW.71 – B. Somasundaram, DW.72 – P.Rajesh, DW.73 – G.Rjaraman speak about the agreement relating to subject matter pertaining to Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd.,. DW.65 deposes that he executed operator appointment cum lease agreement in favour of Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd.,. He submitted an application to Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd., along with non refundable deposit of Rs.5,000/-. DW.66 also contributed an application and also deposit amount of Rs.5,000/- for obtaining lease of Cable TV equipments. Similarly, DWs.67, 68, 69, 70 have deposited Rs.5,000/- to Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd.,. DW.71 has executed appointment cum lease agreement as per Ex.D100. He has paid Rs.5,000/- by way of non refundable deposit. DWs.72 and 73 have also deposited Rs.5,000/- by way of non refundable deposit to Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd.

DW.74 – B.Krishnamurthy has deposed that he was working in Tamilnadu Handloom Weavers Co-operative Society for about 25 years. They examined the silk sarees and estimated their value as per Ex.P766. In Ex.P766, there is no classification of sarees.

DW.75 – P. Suthanthira Kumar has deposed that he retired as Executive Engineer, PWD Department, Tamil Nadu. He was one of the Members of the Team of Experts valuing some buildings. Team was entrusted with valuing three blocks of building in Block No.7, East Coast Road, Neelankarai, Chennai and a building at Industrial Estate Area, Gundy. In the absence of requisite records, they estimated the age of the building in Block No.1 and determined the value adopting 1993-94 S.R. Rates. Taking into consideration that the said building has been constructed about 4 to 5 years prior to 1993-94 they allowed the depreciation also. Ex.P673 is valuation report. This report was not prepared in consultation with PW.117. His signature was not taken for the reason he disagreed with the method of valuation. In his opinion, valuation of the block No.1 was unnecessary because the building was constructed earlier to check period. In Ex.673 measurements are not shown. The schedule rate is not attached to Ex.673. For non schedule items like marbles, granites, tiles, one has to carry the sample and obtain quotation from three different suppliers and adopt the lowest rates quoted by those suppliers. In the present case, value of such non schedule items has not been determined as required.

Ex.P675 is the valuation report pertaining to building in Guindy Industrial Estate. His signature was not found in the Ex.P675. He did not sign the abstract sheet for the reason figures shown therein could not be compared to the figures shown in the working sheet.

Ex.P674 is the valuation report pertaining to workers shed in Guindy Industrial Estate. He did not sign the Ex.P674 for the reason that he was not provided details, measurements and working sheets for comparison.

During cross examination, he denied the suggestion that determining valuation of buildings, elevation, cross sections are not necessary. He denied the suggestion that it is not necessary to attach S.R. Rates to the valuation report. He agreed that the marble granites and tiles were non schedule items even during the year 1993-94.

DW.76 – M. Shanmugam has deposed that during the year 1996 he was working as Assistant Engineer. PW.98 Velayudhan Executive Engineer issued orders to him for inspection of the properties mentioned in Ex.P641 to Ex.P645. Inspection was done by team of experts.

Following properties were inspected by them:

a. Property bearing No.L.66, Anna Nagar, Chennai

b. Property No.5, Murugeshan Street, T.Nagar, Chennai

c. Property No.3/178/C, Vettuvan Keni, East Coast Road, Chennai

d. Property No.1, Murphy Street, Akkarai, Chennai

e. Building in Grape Garden at Jedi Metla near Hyderabad.

During inspection, he did not enquire about the materials used for construction of the building. He prepared his notes. He handed over the same to PW.98 – Velayudhan. He did not enquire about the age of the buildings. No scientific tests or field tests carried out for determining the age of the buildings. For determining the age of the building, chemical test or cube test can be conducted. In the present case, no tests were carried out for determining the age of the building.

Ex.P641 was the valuation report pertaining to building bearing No.L66, Anna Nagar, Chennai. Five members have signed valuation report on different dates. Team members are not competent to value the electrical fittings. Team members did not ascertain the date when the water connection was taken to the building. For non schedule items, no quotations were taken from these suppliers in open market. Schedule rate pertains to plinth area, walls, windows, doors, plastering, painting, water proofing material, weathering coats. Schedule rate does not contain the rates of plumbing materials.

Ex.P642 is the valuation report pertaining to Property No.5, Murugeshan Street, T. Nagar, Chennai. Date of inspection is 23.10.96 by the team. Six members signed the valuation report on different dates. He was not having the working sheet. He signed the report on 27.9.96. The said report was not prepared in consultation with him.

Ex.P643 pertains to valuation of building in property No.3/178C, Vittuval Keni. Building was inspected by them on 26.10.96, 25.10.96 and 28.10.96. On different dates, Team Members have signed the valuation report. Building was incomplete, construction might have commenced about three or four months prior to the date of inspection.

Ex.P644 pertains to building bearing No.1, Murphy Street, Akkarai, Chennai. Team inspected the building on 29.10.96 and 30.10.96. Team members signed the valuation report on different dates. Valuation report was not prepared in consultation with him. The measurement sheets, working sheets, plan, cross section details referred to in Ex.P641 to Ex.P645 are not attached to the respective reports. Cost of construction will be less in rural area than city area. Andhra Pradesh PWD schedule rates were not available to them. They adopted the S.R. Rates of Tamilnadu for determining the value of the building at Jedi Metla. Age of building was 15 years prior to the date of examination. Team members inspected the old building. In the Ex.P645, valuation report, the cost of renovation in respect of whole building is mentioned as Rs.55,15,984/-. They did not obtain quotation in respect of marbles, granites, wall cladding tiles for determining the value of the work in respect of non schedule items. In Ex.P645, there is an error in mentioning the value. Quantity of work is 625 meters square. The rate is Rs.5,000/- per meter square. 825 x 5000 will be Rs.41,25,000/-. But the value mentioned as Rs.82,50,000/- in the abstract. There is arithmetical error in calculating the value. He had no knowledge of valuing the Korean grass flower garden and curb walls. He cannotsay the basis on which value work relating to Korean grass i.e., item No.19 is mentioned as Rs.22,32,500/-. The value of flower garden and curb walls item No.20 of extract in Ex.P645 is mentioned as Rs.2,65,500/-. The value in respect of said lump sum items at Sl. Nos. 2, 3, 7, 11, 20, 22 and 23 referred in the extract pertaining to the new building are items 8, 12, 13 of abstract estimate pertaining to renovation of old building. Item No.2 of the old building pertains to generator room. Item No.2 of the abstract estimate pertains to construction of pump house, water tank. In Ex.P645 there are only assumptive values. For non schedule items, quotations were not called.

During his cross examination, he states that he has signed valuation report i.e., Ex.P641 to Ex.P644. He signed Ex.P645 pertaining to Jedi Metla after the inspection. He has not given dissenting note to the Team leader, but he dissented orally. He has not retained copy of notes.

DW.77- K.R.V Ramani has deposed that during the year 1995,he was constituency Secretary for AIADMK Party for Mylapur Legislative constituency. The marriage of V N Sudhakaran (A3) took place on 07.09.1995. The said marriage took place in Mylapur Area. During the said marriage he did arrangements for the public procession, in the matter of arranging Serial Lights, Banners, Flags, Planting of Banana trees, Sound System etc. Normally, when General Secretary of AIADMK party visited any area the constituency secretaries used to contribute money for the procession arrangements. Accordingly for the said marriage procession arrangements the various constituency secretaries of AIADMK Party including him made contribution for the above procession arrangements totally Rs.15,10,000/- was collected from 12 people from various constituencies. Around Rs.15 Lakhs was spent for above procession way arrangements.

Subsequently, on 28.09.1995 he received a notice from Income Tax Department as per Ex.D136. The notice was given to him almost about 2 weeks after the said marriage. He appeared before the Income Tax Authorities and gave them the particulars of persons who had contributed monies for the said procession way arrangements and he also furnished the details of expenditure incurred. In the documents which are produced by the Income Tax Authorities, he identifies Ex.D137, as copy of the letter dated 19.10.1995 addressed by him to the Assistant Director of Income Tax (Investigation) Unit-III (1), Madras-34. To the said letter, he also enclosed the list of persons who gave contributions and also the details of the amounts spent.

The contributors referred in Ex.D137(a) were called by the Income Tax Authorities and enquired. The said contributors gave information to the IT Authorities and confirmed the contribution made by them. His sworn statement was also recorded by the IT Authorities on 5.3.1999 as per Ex.D138. He also produced the Expenditure Bills before the IT Authorities. One of the bills produced is found at Page No.52 of volume No.9 of documents produced by the IT Authorities before this Court as per Ex.D.151. The contributors referred in Ex.D137 and also the contractors who executed the decoration and other works for the said procession way were also enquired by the IT Authorities. He was produced 27 bills which had been given to him by various contractors. Those bills are Ex.D152(1) to Ex.D152(27). On 04.09.1995 He made application to the Corporation Authorities seeking permission for fixing Light Arches, Tube Lights, Cut-Outs, Flags, Banners etc. on the procession way for two days. The Corporation charge fees for rendering their services. Ex.D153 is a copy of the permission granted by the Corporation Authority on 06.09.1995. The Ex.D153(a) is the annexure to the said permission. He had also given application to the Electricity Board seeking temporary connection for supply of power for lighting the procession way. The Electricity Board raised Demand notices and they paid the amounts demanded by the Electricity Board. Copies of the relevant application and corresponding Demand notices sent by the Electricity Board are Ex.D154(1) to Ex.D154(11).

He was an Income Tax Assessee even during the year 1995. He disclosed this to the Income Tax Authority during enquiry. Nobody insisted him to make contribution or incur expenditure in connection with the above marriage. In Ex.D137, there is also a note made regarding the payment made to the Corporation through Cheque even on 04.09.1995. The IT Authorities after enquiring him and other contributors and also the contractors, accepted the explanation.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that the marriage of A3 V.N.Sudhakaran (A3) took place in M R C Nagar, Chennai. He was invited by both sides to attend that marriage. He does not think that V.N. Sudhakaran (A3) is foster son of A1-Jayalalitha. In Ex.D137 which is a reply dated 19.10.1995 sent by him to the IT Authorities there is a mention that V.N. Sudhakaran (A3) is foster son of A1-Jayalalitha. In Ex.D137 in the column meant for mentioning the name of the person on whose behalf the payment had been made, he has mentioned the name of All India Anna Dravida Munetra Kazhagama, Madras. He denies the suggestion that A1 spent for the marriage of V. N. Sudhakaran (A3) for the reason that V.N. Sudhakaran (A3) is foster son of A1.

In Ex.D137(a),he has mentioned the names of 10 persons as those who made the contributions. He has not issued any receipts in favour of those persons regarding the monies given by them. He denies the suggestion that the persons named in Ex.D137(a) did not make any contribution and thereby receipts were not issued in their favour. His name does not appear in bills which are marked as Ex.D152(9) to Ex.D152(23). His name also does not find a place in Ex.D154.

He does not remember, as to what was his annual income during the year 1995-96. He did not make any personal contribution in connection with the marriage of V.N. Sudhakaran (A3) but he only collected the contributions and spent that amount. He also denies the suggestion that he has falsely stated before the Court that the contribution to the tune of Rs.15,10,000/- were collected by him in connection with the marriage of V.N. Sudhakaran (A3). He further denies the suggestion that on account of he being a member of AIADMK Party of which A1 is General Secretary, he has falsely deposed before the Court to help accused. He denies the suggestion that Ex.D137(a) is a concocted document submitted to the IT Authorities. He denies the suggestion that he made a false statement before the IT Authorities as per Ex.D138 and that he did so to help the accused. The said sworn statement was recorded by the IT Authorities on 05.03.1999. He denies the suggestion that on account of registration of the present case much earlier to the date of Ex.D138, he made false statement before the IT Authorities to save the accused.

DW-77 recalled and re-examined.

He had taken the help of many people for decorating the procession route. His correct name is K.R. V Ramani. By mistake in the deposition his name is typed as A.R.V Ramani.

DW.78 – R. Raviraj has deposed that during the year 1995 he was working as Assistant Engineer, PWD Department, Tamil Nadu. Ex.P671 is the Government Order for assessing the value of Poes Garden, house property of Accused No.1. The said property bearing No.36, Poes Garden, consists of old building, garage block and another five storied building bearing No.31A. Team consists of 14 persons, out of which three were Electrical Engineers and rest of them were Civil Engineers. All the 11 PWD Engineers referred in Ex.P671 did not sign the said document. Out of 11 PWD Civil Engineers only 7 have signed in Ex.P671. Building valuation can be done on the basis of plinth area of building. The other method adopted for building valuation is detailed method. The PWD Services rates are in respect of general items only. Special items are not covered in S.R. Rates. Non schedule items no rates were fixed by PWD. Special items include marble, granites, bathroom fittings etc. For fixing the value of these special items, they will obtain quotations from three local suppliers and accept the lowest quotation. The quotation so received is to be annexed to the valuation report. Ex.P671 would indicate that it comprised of special items, flooring with granite slab, special granite slab flooring, marble slab flooring, wall cladding with granite tiles, wall cladding with special granite slab, wall cladding with ruby red granite, wall cladding with ceramic tiles, wall cladding with black colour granite slabs. The abstract pertains to water supply and sanitary arrangements are items 1 to 10 which are special items. In Ex.P671 he is not able to state the basis on which the rates for special items were adopted for making the valuation. The quantity mentioned in the abstract can be arrived at only with the aid of working sheets. The said working sheets do not form part of Ex.P671. To arrive at the quantity in the abstract in Ex.P671, the measurement in terms of length and width are required. The same are not mentioned in Ex.P671.

Ex.P672 is the layout plan. Measurements of new constructions are not fully given. Without the cross section details and also full measurement of all the portions of the buildings, it is not possible to arrive at the quantum of construction. For valuation of old buildings, value of internal water supply, internal sanitary arrangements, and internal electricity arrangements will not be included. In case of valuation of new buildings, the value of external water supply, sanitary arrangements will be determined at 7.5% of the total cost of the building. In case of renovation of building, internal water supply, internal sanitary arrangements, internal electricity supply, in respect of existing building, will not be included. Ex.P672 does not mention the basis of the valuation of furniture. Age of furniture is not mentioned. In Ex.P671 against several items it is mentioned lump sum. The lump sum value is only presumptive value. Out of the said 29 acres, the value assigned for 21 items is a presumptive value. In Ex.P672, complete measurement of the building, namely, basement, ground floor and other floors are not mentioned. In the absence of such details and measurement, it is not possible to arrive at correct quantum of value incorporated in the report. By looking at Ex.P671 and Ex.P672 it is not possible to mention the correct quantum of value. In the abstract pertaining to compound wall, only quantity is mentioned and not measurement in running feet in Ex.P671. By looking at marble, granites slab, it is not possible to say when they were laid.

During cross examination, he states that worksheets are not attached. Ex.P671 is based on plinth area rate of 1993-94. Rate varies depending on quality and quantity of wood. In the absence of working sheets, he cannot agree with the quantity mentioned in the abstract in Ex.P671 or based on the measurements recorded in the worksheets. He did not involve in preparation of working sheets. He is not competent to evaluate different varieties of wood used in building. In respect of wooden doors, windows, value will be determined by adopting PWD Rates.

DW.79 – A. Sundareshan, during the year 1996, he was working as Assistant Executive Engineer. In Ex.P666 to Ex.P669 shown to him, he identifies his signatures.

He has further deposed that Ex.P666 pertains to the property bearing No.21, Padmanabha Street, T. Nagar, Chennai. Ex.P666 valuation report was done between 15.10.96 to 16.10.96. He was having notes which were prepared during inspection. The other Members of the Team have not signed each of the pages in Ex.P666. Ex.P666 was not prepared in consultation with all the Team Members. The said property was in occupation of tenant at the time of inspection. He does not expertise or experience for assessing the value of electrical items. No scientific method was adopted for determining the valuation of the building mentioned in Ex.P666. If the building is constructed under the supervision of the Contractor, construction cost would be less. He is not competent to value the marbles and granites. The samples were not taken to any market for obtaining quotations. The Electrical Engineers are competent to value the electrical items. Considering the age of the building, SR Rates of the relevant year of construction will be adopted for finding the value of the items covered under the SR Rates list. He further deposed that he inspected the building bearing Nos.149 and 150, T.T.K. Road, Sriram Nagar, Chennai. The building was inspected on 23.10.96. The building was partly constructed. It was incomplete building. Ex.P667 was not prepared in consultation with all the Team Members. The drawing is not attached to the report. He did not see the sanction plan pertaining to the building during inspection. During inspection, they found that basement floor was fully constructed and part of the ground floor and part of the first floor has been constructed. He cannot say whether side wall was constructed in the ground floor at the time of inspection.

He has further deposed that RCC column was raised to the height of 2.70 meters. Since the plan of the building was not attached, he cannot say the basis on which the area of the building was determined and mentioned in Ex.P667. Detail measurements sheet was not attached to Ex.P667 valuation report. About four months time was required for construction of basement floor. The schedule rates comprises of brick, sand, jelly, wood and labor. During their inspection, they did not ascertain as to what would have been the stage of construction as on 30.4.96. During 24.10.96 and 25.10.96, the Team inspected the property bearing No.1/240, Enjambakkam, New Mahabalipuram Road, Opp. To VGP Golden Beach, Chennai. The valuation report is not prepared with consultation of the Team Members. At the time of the inspection of the building, construction was still going on. During inspection, they prepared drawing of the building. The said building drawing is not forthcoming in the records. The detailed calculation of the areas mentioned in page 7 of Ex.P668 is not available. He cannot say the basis on which abstract found in page 13 of Ex.P668 was prepared. The period of construction of ground, first and second floor is not mentioned in Ex.P668. They noticed the marbles have been stocked in the building site, marbles were not laid. The window shutters without glasses were stored in the construction site, but they were not fixed. The owner representative was not present at the time of inspection. If the owner supervised the construction of building cost will be less. During inspection, they did not ascertain rates of marbles which were found stocked at the building. On 29.10.96 and 30.10.96, the Team inspected the property bearing Sl. No.2/1B-3, APT Solinganallur Village, Saidapet Taluk. At the time of signing the report, he was not having notes of inspection. The drawings are not attached to Ex.P669. At page 11 of the report, detailed measurement was not noted. Without said detailed measurement, he cannot confirm the quantum mentioned in Ex.P669. The owner of the building was not present at the time of inspection. They cannot carry out any scientific examination for determining the age of the building.

During cross examination, he states that plan was not given to him. He did not verify the title of the property. He made notes, handed over the same to the Team Leader PW.116 – Jayapal. He had no knowledge regarding electrical works. They adopted the rate as given by the Team Leader. It is true that in Ex.P666, there is a mention that PWD S.R. Rates of the year 1994-95 has been adopted for valuing the schedule items and market rates are adopted for valuation of non schedule items. In the said report, there is also mention about electrical works. Two Electrical Engineers have accompanied them during the said inspection. To a suggestion put to him that Team ascertained the market rates of Marbles and Granites for determining the value of those items, he stated he did not know, but the rates as given by the Team Leader was adopted. He denied suggestion put to him that MMDA Plan permit was verified. He made notes and he has given notes to the Team Leader. During the inspection, the building measurements were taken. The pits were excavated for ascertaining the year of construction of the building. He does not know the abstracts which are attached to the report Ex.P668 were prepared at the spot by the Team. He did not prepare the abstract.

DW.80– B.Vasudevan was working as Junior Engineer (Retd.) PWD in Madras. Ex.P.1019 is the valuation report. He did not see any photographs or video-graphs of said marriage Pandal. No drawings pertaining to the said marriage Pandal and stage were given by Vijaya Shankar-Architect. He does not know where the said marriage Pandal was put up. The investigation officer told him that the said marriage Pandal was put up in MRC Nagar, Chennai. He said that the measurements mentioned in Ex.P.1019 are based on the instructions of the investigation officer.

In the said report, the bifurcation of VIP portion and Non-VIP portion in the name marriage Pandal was not done by him. He said that the same was done at the instance of the Investigation Officer. He did not really obtain the details of Rose Wooden chairs etc. He did not see any artificial fountain or Korean grass. The details regarding Arches, Illuminations, Electric Bulbs and Generators referred in Ex.P.1019 were given by I.O. himself. They were required to prepare the report without carrying out any inspection in their office itself.

DW.81- M. Karunakaran was working as Asst. Executive Engineer in PWD at Thanjavur. During the year 1996, he was part of a team which inspected immovable property at Vandamapalaly village, Tiruvarur District. Ex.P.822 is a valuation report pertaining to the said Rice Mill. The rates for the materials and labour are arrived at adopting the schedule of rates for the subsequent years of execution and the individual values are worked out of each year and the total amount works out to 139.56 lakhs. There is addition of the words “for Civil Works and Rs.10.734 Lakhs for Electrical works”. There was no mutual consultation amongst the team members before each of them signed the above report. In Ex. P.822 there is a mention that the year of construction of the buildings were ascertained from the local public and the buildings were classified according to the year of construction and the estimate have been raised adopting rates of materials at respective year of construction. He personally did not enquire any local public during the inspection of the above Rice Mill regarding the year of construction. He did not ascertain as to when the power supply was obtained for the Rice Mill, when the plan pertaining to the Rice Mill building was sanctioned by the local authority and also as to when the license was obtained for the said construction of the Rice Mill. There was no representative of M/s. Ramraj Agro Mills present at the spot. They did not conduct any scientific examination of the building materials used in the said Rice Mill building. He cannot say as to when the construction of the works shown for the years 1994-95 and 1995-96 in the abstract at internal page 219 of Ex.P.822, were commenced and when they were completed. He does not know as to who took the measurements of Rice Mill building. The work sheet is not attached to the report Ex.P.822. Items like marbles are not covered under the PWDs schedule of rates. They did not send any sample of the Marble Slab, laid in the said Rice Mill building, to any of the suppliers for obtaining the quotations. They did not determine the weight of the Iron Gate and the Grill.

DW.82- K. Ravi Manoharan was working as Asst. Executive Engineer in PWD Sub Division, Medical Works, Coimbatore. Ex.P.1964 pertains to the field No.4 in Sy. No.168 of Kodanadu Tea Estate in Kotagiri Taluk. He did not prepare any notes of inspection. He took the measurement of the spot. He noted the nature of materials used for the said construction in a separate sheet of paper. The worksheet is not attached to the report Ex.P.1964. He did not enquire about the ownership of the said property inspected by them. The pipes which are non schedule items are not covered under PWDs S.R. List. They did not adopt this procedure while evaluating the pipeline. They did not verify the length, diameter and thickness of the Pipes used in the above work. When they went for inspection, the building was under construction work was going on.

During the cross-examination, it is not mentioned that at the time of inspection the team noticed that the construction work had commenced about 2 or 3 weeks prior to the date of inspection. He was not furnished working sheets.

DW.83- R. Senthil Kumar was working as Executive Engineer in Tamil Nadu PWD Department at Chennai. Ex.P661 pertains to the building in Siruthavur. Ex. P662 pertains to the building at Pyanoor. Ex.P663 pertains to the building bearing No.487, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Ekkattuthangal, Chennai. The property referred in Ex.P.661 was inspected by their team from 25.10.1996 to 30.10.1996. The building was under construction. The drawing was not attached to the valuation report. The plan, detailed estimate and Data are not available in Ex.P.661. By simply looking at the quantity mentioned in the abstract one cannot determine the value without the said, plan, detailed Estimate and Data. They had to call for quotations from 3 local suppliers and calculate the value of those non-schedule items on the basis of lowest quotation. They did not secure sanctioned plan pertaining to the building. They did not weigh the Rolling Shutter during inspection to determine its value. The cost of construction in case of supervision by Contractor will be 15% more than the cost of construction done under the supervision of the owner. There was no mutual consultation amongst the team members before each of them signed on Ex.P.662. The said drawing is not found attached in Ex.P.662. In the said drawing they have mentioned the dimensions namely length, depth, and width of the construction done. The data sheet, detailed estimate and drawing are not attached to Ex.P.662. The Well which was found in the above property inspected, might have been sunk in about the year 1984-85. The store room and pump room were also constructed during the year 1984-85. For determining the value of Wall and Well, they adopted the rate of depreciation @ 1% per annum for 10 years. He is not a competent to evaluate the Electrical works referred in Ex.P.662. The abstract in Ex.P.662 contains in schedule items, such as Marbles, Granites, and Ceramic Tiles. The report Ex.P.663 pertains to the building bearing No.487, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Ekkattuthangal, Chennai. This property was inspected by them from 4.11.1996 to 6.11.1996. During inspection, one MR. Balaji owners representative was present but they did not enquire about the ownership of the above property. The property inspected by them comprised of old building, new building and building with AC sheet roof. The said old building might have been constructed about 15 years prior to the date of inspection. They evaluated the said old building and assigned its value at Rs.50,88,119/- in the said report.

During the cross-examination, he has stated that PW107-Mr. Swarnam, Executive Engineer was the team leader. The property situated Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Ekkathtuthangal Chennai belongs to M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. He was not sure that the valuation of the property was done on the basis of measurements taken. But he gave the measurements and drawings to the team leader. The construction of the building might have been commenced about 6 months earlier to the date of inspection. Whenever Teak Wood or Country Wood is used in the construction of the building the PWD will notify the rates of said wood every year. In Ex.P.663 there is no specific mention that the building referred therein might have been constructed about 15 years prior to the date of inspection. He denies the suggestion that Ex.P.661 to Ex.P.663 have been prepared scientifically after observing all the technicalities and on the basis of the measurements taken at the spot.

DW.84- O.S. Manian is a District Secretary of AIADMK Party for Nagapattanama district. He was also a member of Rajya Sabha at that time. In connection with the marriage of A3-Sudhakaran, he spent for food arrangements. He made the food arrangements for the party workers who attended the said wedding. DW25-Thangamuttu and DW31-Adhi Rajaram collectively made the said food arrangements for the party workers. He arranged for provisions and vegetables for feeding the said party workers. He was assisted the by one N. Puraswamy, Jeevanandam, Bharathi, Raju and Peruma. The said persons arranged for supply of materials. The said persons brought 4 cooks from Kumbakonam. Chief Cook was one Gopal Krishnan. The others were Raja and Ganesh Iyer. Each of the said cook was paid Rs.17,000/- for the services rendered by them. Out of that Rs.5,000/- had been paid as advance to each of them. For meeting the said expenditure, they collected money from the party workers. He personally gave Rs.2,000/- coconuts brought from the coconut grove of his father in law and brother in law.

He further deposed that he enquired by the Income Tax officers. Himself, Thangamuttu and Adhi Rajaram gave a joint letter as per Ex.D.133. Nobody asked them to make the above food arrangements on the said wedding of A3-Sudhakaran. They made the said arrangement voluntarily.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that about 300 to 400 chairs were arranged in the each Pandal for serving food. There was no separate Pandal for serving food to VIPs and Non-VIPs. He voluntarily appeared before IT Authorities and gave sworn statement as per Ex.D155.

DW.85- R.Murali was working as Manager (Administration and Accounts) in M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. It was incorporated under the Companies Act, as per Ex.P.617. Ex.P.618 is the Memorandum of Association. Ex.P.619 is the Articles of Association. Ex.P 682 is the certificate of Registration issued in favour of Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. Under the Tamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act 1959. The list shown to him contains the names of 110 subscribers of M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. and also the lease agreements executed by those subscribers. Approximately more than 2300 persons got membership as subscribers for M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. At the time of getting the membership each member paid Rs.5,000/- as non-refundable entrance fee, to M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. They executed separate agreement in favour of M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. The company supplies the equipment to the 110 subscribers. He has verified 22 receipts books which are marked in Ex.P.2341. The said receipt books pertaining to the payment of entrance fee by the subscribers who entered into agreement with M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. and received the equipments for hire. The company had current account No.1152 with Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch, Chennai-18. Exs.D157 and 158 are the passbooks pertaining to the said current account of M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. with Indian Bank for the year 1995 and 1996 respectively.

M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. had made TV Coverage of the marriage of A3-V. Sudhakaran. For that a sum of Rs.2,00,000/- was paid by one Mr. Ramakumar to M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. The said Ramkumar is the uncle of the wife of A3. The company is a proprietary concern. The business of said proprietary concern Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. continued even after the formation of M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd.Ex.D.163 is the Invoice bearing Sl. No.1 and 2 dated 17.11.1994 raised in favour of M/s. Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation Ltd. for Rs.4,35,705/- in respect of the equipments supplied by A3-Sudhakaran to the said Tourism Development Corporation, Trichy Branch. In the same Book Invoice Nos.3 and 4 raised in favour of M/s. Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation Ltd. for Rs.4,32,105/- in respect of equipments supplied by A3 toThanjavur Branch of Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation. In the same Book Invoice Nos. 5 and 6 dated 17.11.1995 for Rs.4,27,505/- are in respect of equipments supplied to Chidambaram Branch of TTDC. The said invoices have been raised by Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. and they are signed by one Kuberan, who was working as assistant in the said proprietary concern of A3 Sudhakaran. Photostat copy of the statement of account pertaining to current account No.1104 for the period 12.08.1994 to 23.08.1995 is available in the unexhibited documents produced before the Court by I.O. and seized during investigation. The document is not marked as exhibit for the reason that it does not bear a certificate as required under Bankers Book Evidence Act. In this file at page No.11 there is bill dated 3.4.1995 raised in the name of the Director Information and Public Relations, Fort Saint George, Secretariat, Madras for the total amount of Rs.42 lakhs towards hiring of High Brand cameras and Film camera and towards shooting, editing and mixing cost of raw film. Out of the said amount Rs.42 Lakhs, receipt of Rs.39,60,000/- by way of advance as shown in the said bill and the balance payable is shown as Rs.2,40,000/-. The said bill is at Ex.D.164. In the same file, there is another bill dated 29.3.1995 raised in favour of Director, Information and Public Relations for the total amount of Rs.16,86,200/- being hire charges in respect of close circuit TVs taken for World Tamil Conference held at Thanjavur during January 1995. In this bill, the total advance amount received is shown as Rs.10,27,000/- the balance amount to be paid is shown as Rs.6,59,200 as per Ex.D.165.

He further deposed that Ex.D.166 is the bill dated 7.2.1995 for Rs.45,000/- raised in favour of the Chairman and Managing Director SIDCO, Gundi, Madras towards the hire charges of CC TV and relay equipments. The amount of Rs.45,000/- is received through cheque. Ex.D.167 is the bill dated 7.11.1994 for Rs.2,40,000/- raised in favour of Tamil Nadu Handloom Weavers Co-operatives Society towards charges for advertisements. The amount of Rs.2,40,000/- was received through cheque. Ex.D.168 is the bill dated 7.11.1994 for Rs.50,000/- in favour of M/s. Nataraj Exports Corporation, T. Nagar, Madras. Ex.D169 is the bill dated 21.10.1994 for Rs.1,50,000/- in favour of Tamil Nadu Film Development Corporation. Ex.D.170 is the bill dated 3.10.1994 for Rs.1,00,000/- in favour of M/s. SPIC Fine Chemicals Ltd., Madras. Ex.D179(A) is the letter dated 29.9.1994 addressed by M/s. SPIC Fine Chemicals Ltd. to M/s. Super Duper TV. Ex.D.171 is the bill dated 29.9.1994 for Rs.1,00,000/- in favour of M/s. Chettinadu Cement Corporation Ltd. Ex.D.172 is the bill dated 29.9.1994 for Rs.1,00,000/- in favour of M/s. Balaji Steel Corporation Ltd. Ex.D.173 is the letter dated 29.9.1994 addressed to Super Duper TV by Balaji Steel Corporation Ltd., enclosing Cheque bearing No.281531 dated 28.9.1994 for Rs.1,00,000/- in favour of the Manager, Min Bimangal, Mookambika Complex, Alwarpet, Madras towards hire charges. Ex.D.175 is the letter dated 29.11.1994 addressed to M/s. Super Duper TV by Tamil Nadu Handloom Weavers Co-operative Society enclosing tax certificate in respect of the bill dated 7.11.1994. Ex.D.176 is the letter dated 20.10.1994 addressed by Tamil Nadu Film Development Corporation to M/s. Super Duper TV enclosing cheque bearing No.485856 dated 20.11.1994 for Rs.1,50,000/-. Ex.D.177 is the letter dated 29.9.1994 addressed by Chettinadu Cement Corporation Ltd. to M/s. Super Duper TV enclosing cheques bearing Nos. 047085 and 047086 dated 29.9.1994 for Rs.50,000/- each towards advertisement charges. Ex.D.178 is the Invoice Book pertaining to Super Duper TV containing carbon copies of the invoices issued from the period 14.9.1994 to 25.3.1995.

During the cross-examination, he states that he saw the another remittance book containing counter foils of used challans pertaining to Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. current account No.1152 with Indian Bank, Abiramapuram Branch, Chennai-18. He saw the assessment order dated 30.3.2000 passed by the Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II(4), Chennai. Ex.D.182- assessment order reveals that according to the returns submitted by Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd., a sum of Rs.11.40 Lakhs was shown as receipts through cheques and DDs from 228 persons and a sum of Rs.36.40 Lakhs was mentioned as credited to the Assessees Bank accounts as cash receipts from 728 persons. The said order pertains to the Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. for the A.Y. 1996-97. Ex.D.183 is the Assessment order dated 14.2.2001 passed in respect of Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. by the IT Authorities for the A.Y. 1995-96. This order would show that the Income Tax Department had accepted the figure 62.15 lakhs shown as receipts under the scheme deposit by the Assessee during the assessment year 1995-96, in the returns filed. Portion of the Assessment Orders Ex.D182 and Ex.D.183, the assessee namely Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd had preferred appeals before the Income Tax Appellate Authority and those appeals came to be disposed of by common order dated 25.02.2002. Ex.D.184 is the said order dated 25.2.2002 passed in IT Appeals No.155 and 156/2001-02 on the file of Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) Central-II, Chennai-600034. He saw a list of receipts issued by Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd in favour of 473 persons named in the said list as per Ex.D.185. Ex.D.186 is the applications of the list of 907 persons. They are Ex.D186(1) to Ex.D.186(907). Ex.D.121 executed by the subscribers in favour of M/s. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. contains a clause or a mention that the entrance fee of Rs.5,000/- payable by each of the subscribers is nonrefundable. Super Duper TV was started in the year 1994. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. is not a cable operator. It only supplies cable TV equipments to the cable operators for doing their business. It does not provide the set-up boxed to the customers. Super Duper TV Pvt. Ltd. does not telecast any channels. There were 29 cheques were bounced. Ex.D.182 pertains to the assessment order for the A.Y.1996-97.

DW.86 – R. Vaidhyanathan deposed that he is a Chartered Accountant by profession. Since then he is associated with Venkataraman and Co.,. He is competent to speak regarding the files handled by Mr. G. Natarajan and Mr. B. Gowthaman. He has seen the documents which are produced before the Court by the Income Tax Department. He filed income tax returns and Balance Sheet for the year ending 31.3.96 filed by M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., before the Income Tax Department, namely, Central Circle – II[4], Chennai. The Assessing Authority has done the scrutiny of assessment in respect of this returns under section 143[3] of the Income Tax Act. In the Balance Sheet, the assessee has shown Rs.1,06,55,000/- as share capital. Ex.D187 is the income tax returns. Ex.D188 is the Balance Sheet. The year ending of both these documents is 31.3.96. Along with Balance Sheet, the assessee has filed schedule showing list of shareholders who have contributed share capital amounting to Rs.1,06,55,000/-. In the said Balance Sheet, a sum of Rs.32,58,000/- is shown as amount contributed by sundry creditors. The said Balance Sheet would show that M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., has invested Rs.21,53,732/- on fixed assets, namely, land. A sum of Rs.21,09,000/- on shares in other companies. In the said Balance Sheet, a sum of Rs.96,18,396/- is shown as amount advanced by the company to others.

He has further deposed that M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., lent Rs.32,90,000/- to Accused No.2 – Sasikala and Rs.62,50,000/- to Jaya Publications. According to the Balance Sheet, Ex.D192 for the year ending 31.3.96, a sum of Rs.33,88,517/- was invested by the Assessee on purchase of land. The receipt by way of share capital was Rs.1,32,95,000/- and receipt from the sundry creditors was to the tune of Rs.6,62,900/-. Ex.D193, is the certified copy of the annual returns filed by the said Assessee before the Registrar of Companies for the year ending 31.3.96. The schedule therein contains name of persons who contributed for share capital of Rs.1,32,95,000/-. On the basis of the schedule Ex.D193, he says none of the Accused have contributed for the share capital of River Way Agro Products Ltd.,. Ex.D192 would reveal said Assessee has advanced total amount of Rs.1,05,48,658/-, Rs.52,00,000/- to Accused No.2 Sasikala, Rs.3,00,000/- to M/s. Jaya Publications, Rs.30,00,000/- to Coromandal Indag Group, Rs.2,25,000/- to M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., Rs.4,75,000/- to M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd. After obtaining clarification from the Assessee, the Income Tax Department dropped the matter as per Note dated 30.3.2000. Ex.D195 is the returns filed by the Assessee M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd.,. The Balance Sheet for the year ending 31.3.96 was prepared on 1.1.96 as per Ex.D196. On going through the Balance Sheet, Ex.D196, he says that M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., has invested in immovable property to the tune of Rs.2,63,49,857/- during the year ending on 31.3.96. According to the Balance Sheet, share capital was to the tune of Rs.5,500/-. In the said Balance Sheet, it is mentioned that share application money to the extent of Rs.46,00,000/- was received by the said company during the year ending on 31.3.96. As per Ex.D196, the company has borrowed money to the tune of Rs.84,07,172/- from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch. The amount received from sundry creditors was to the tune of Rs.2,04,98,350/-. The Assessee has advanced a loan to the tune of Rs.58,66,500/-, Rs.29,98,500/- to Accused No.3 V.N. Sudhakaran, Rs.6,00,000/- to M/s. J. Farm House, Rs.2,00,000/- to M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., and Rs.2,00,000/- to Sasi Enterprises. The assessee has received Rs.41,35,000/- from M/s. Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd., by way of share application money. M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., has received Rs.1,56,67,000/- from M/s. Kalyani Constructions Pvt. Ltd., up to the year ending on 31.3.96. M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., has received a sum of Rs.45,00,000/- from M/s. Altaf Construction Pvt. Ltd., by the end of the year 1995-96. The monies from M/s. Kalyani Constructions Pvt. Ltd.,, Bharani Beach Resorts and Altaf Construction Pvt. Ltd., were all received by M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd. through cheques. The Income Tax Authorities accepted the returns filed by M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd.,.

During cross examination, he states that requirement of section 224 and 229 of the Companies Act were followed by the Department for appointing Mr. Natarajan, Chartered Accountant as Statutory Auditor of M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., and River Way Agro Farms Ltd.,. He did not verify the documents relating to fixed assets of the companies. The company followed mercantile method of accounting. The nature of business of M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., was to carry agro type activity. But, they could not start the business. There were no explanation claims for the year from 1.4.95 to 31.3.96. Ex.D187 is Income Tax Returns for the year ending on 31.3.96 pertaining to M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd.,. Mr. A. Jayaraman one of the Directors of M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., has signed the said returns. The names of address of sundry creditors are mentioned in Ex.D188. M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., has invested Rs.21,53,732/- on fixed assets, namely, land as shown in Ex.D188. M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., has advanced loan to the tune of Rs.96,18,396/- as shown in the Balance Sheet. Out of Rs.96,18,396/-, a sum of Rs.32,19,000/- was given to Accused No.2 Sasikala as advance by M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., for purchase of land. In the Balance Sheet, it is mentioned that Rs.62,50,000/- was advanced to M/s. Jaya Publications by M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd.,. He cannot provide confirmation receipt of the said advance to Jaya Publications from M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd.,. The said advance amount was not repaid by Accused No.2 Sasikala and M/s. Jaya Publications.

M/s. River Way Agro Products Ltd., invested Rs.33,88,517/- on purchase of land as shown in the balance sheet Ex.D192. M/s. River Way Agro Products Ltd.,s main source was share capital to the tune of Rs.1,32,95,000/-. Without verifying the records, he cannot say on which date Rs.52,00,000/- to Accused No.2 Sasikala, Rs.3,00,000/- to M/s. Jaya Publication, Rs.30,00,000/ to Coromandal Indag Group and Rs.2,25,000/- to M/s. Lex Properties Development Pvt. Ltd.,, Rs.4,75,000/- to M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., by M/s. River Way Agro Products Ltd., as shown in Ex.D192. As on 31.3.96, M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., has only received share capital application and the company and as on that day the company had not allotted the shares to M/s. Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd. An amount of Rs.1,56,67,000/- was received as loan by M/s. Lex Property Development Private Limited from M/s. Kalyani Construction Pvt. Ltd., for business purpose. As on 31.3.96 the said loan amount was not repaid. Mr. Jayaraman is Director of M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., and M/s. River Way Agro Products Ltd.,. Accused No.3 – Sudhakaran and Accused No.4 – Ilavarasi were Directors of M/s. Meadow Agro Farms Ltd. But, they were not Directors of the said company as on 31.3.96. According to Ex.D193, Accused No.3 – Sudhakaran and Accused No.4 – Ilavarasi were Directors of River Way Agro Products Ltd., as on 31.3.96. Though he was not appointed as Statutory Auditor for the above companies, he did carry on the audit work of the said companies and his name is shown in the letter issued by statutory auditors. M/s. River Way Agro Products Ltd., has carried on business till 1995-96. M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., has received rental income during the period earlier to 1995-96. A perusal of Ex.D195 does not reveal that apart from receiving rental income, M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., has carried on business earlier to 1995-96.

DW.87 – G. Srikanth has deposed that he passed final C.A. Examination during the year 1991. He did articles work with M/s S.Venkataraman and Co, Chartered Accountants, Chennai during the years 1988 to 1991. Ever since then he has closely associated with the firms of Chartered Accountants namely M/s.S.Venkataraman and Associates and also M/s.G.Natarajan and Associates. He has handled several files for both the said firms. He has done the basic work and other works relating the finalization of the audit reports of the clients of the said firms. Based on the said basic work, the audit report used to be prepared and thereafter the authorized member of the above firms used to sign the audit report.

The accounts of M/s. Signora Business Enterprises (P.) Ltd were audited by M/s G.Natarajan and Associates Chartered Accountants with whom he was associated ever since the year 1988. He has done the entire audit work starting from verification of books of account of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, and ending with file preparation including financial statement. Upon completion of work, he used to have discussion with the signing auditor of the said firm for finalization of the report.

M/s Signora Business Enterprises (P.) Ltd is a company incorporated under the companies Act. Certificate of registration was issued to the said company by the Registrar of Companies on 22.10.1990, as could be seen from Ex.P586. Ex.P590 is Form No.32 filed by the said company before the Registrar of Companies. According to this document, A.3 Sudagaran was made additional Director on 17.08.1994 and A.4 Ilavarasi was made additional Director on 17.08.1994. Ex.P588 is the Articles of Association of M/s. Signora Business Enterprises (P.) Ltd. According to para.15 at page No.4 of Ex.P588, for a person to become a director of the company it is not necessary that he should be a shareholder. The registered sale deeds whose certified copies have been marked as Ex.P33 to Ex.P39 have been executed in favour of M/s.Signora Business Enterprises (P.) Ltd on 21.01.1994, 06.12.1993, 31.01.1994, 24.05.1993, 24.06.1993, 24.06.1993 and 24.06.1993 respectively. A reading of Form No.32 Ex.P590 with the above sale deeds would indicate that accused No.3 Sudagaran and A.4 Ilavarasi were not directors of M/s Signora Business Enterprises (P.) Ltd. on the dates of the above sale deeds.

M/s. Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. is a public limited company incorporated under the companies Act. M/s G.Natarajan and Associates Chartered Accountants are the auditors of this company. He was associated with audit work of the accounts of the said company during the financial years 1994-95 and 1995-96. As on 31.3.1995, the paid up capital of the said company was Rs.97,00,000/- as reflected in the balance sheet-Ex.D201. The said document is produced before the Court by Income Tax Department. The said balance sheet forms part of the returns filed by the said company before the Income Tax Department. Ex.D202 is copy of order dt.28.08.2000 passed by Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) in Appeal No.144/1999-2000 preferred by the said company. A reading of this order would show that out of the entire share holding of the value of Rs.97,00,000/-, 9,69,400/- shares of the face value of Rs.10/- each were purchased at the rate of Rs.6/- per share by A.2 N.Sasikala and remaining shares were purchased by 6 other persons. The order further reveals that the entire sale consideration in respect of the above 9,69,400 shares was paid by A.3 Sudagaran.

As could be seen from the Profit and Loss statement for the financial years 1994-95 and 1995-96, the said M/s. Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. had done business to the tune of Rs.90,00,000/- and Rs.49,08,584/- (Total=Rs.1,39,08,584/-) by way of conversion and service charges during the financial years ending on 31.03.1996 and 31.03.1995 respectively. The said Profit and Loss statement for the above years is at Ex.D203.

The above amount of Rs.90,00,000/- had been received by M/s. Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. during the year 1995-96 by way of rentals from Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation, as referred in the order Ex.D202. A combined reading of Ex.D202 and Ex.D201 would show that M/s. Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd had made advances to the turn of Rs.73,63,665/- to various entities during the financial year 1995-96. Out of the said amount Rs.73,63,665/-, a sum of Rs.25,00,000/- had been advanced by M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd to M/s.Meadow Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd. and Rs.20,00,000/- had been advanced to one James Fredrick.

He was also involved in the auditing of the accounts of M/s.Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd for the years 1994-95 and 1995-96. According to the copy of Form No.3CA filed by the M/s.Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd for the financial year 1993-94, the said M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd is a public limited company. The said Form No.3CA is Ex.D204. The same is attached to the returns filed by the said company. Ex.D205 is certified copy of schedule – 5 pertaining to M/s.Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd., obtained from the registrar of companies. The said document would show that the said company was incorporated during the year 1986. Ex.P1350 is copy of Form No.32 filed by M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd before the registrar of companies. According to this document, A.3 Sudagaran and A.4 Ilavarasi were appointed as additional directors of the said company on 23.11.1994. In the said Volume No.5 of documents produced by Income Tax Department before court the balance sheet of the said company for the year 1993-94 alone is available.

As per copy of the balance sheet of the said company for the year ending 31.3.1995 available with him, the total value of land held by the said company was Rs.14,39,446/-. Out of that the value of the land acquired by the said company during the year 1994-95 was Rs.8,43,000/-. Copy of the auditors report together with balance sheet and other attachments for the year ending 31.3.1995 is Ex.D206. (Since the original balance sheet, etc., produced before the Income Tax Department by the said company, has not been produced by the Income Tax Department before this court, even after summons being issued, the secondary evidence is permitted). Similarly copy of the balance sheet, Profit and Loss statement and schedule for the year 1995-96 pertaining to the said company is Ex.D207. On the basis of Ex.D206 and Ex.D207 he said that that M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd had spent a sum of Rs.62,57,000/- towards construction during the year 1994-95 and 1995-96. From the said documents it can be further said that the said company had received Rs.1,43,87,336/- by way of secured loan from Banks and financial institutions during the year 1994-95. The said company had also received unsecured loan to the extent of Rs.75,30,561/- during the said year. During the year 1995-96 the said company had received a sum of Rs.1,00,00,000/- from Maguntha Investments. The said Maguntha Investments had issued a confirmation letter as per Ex.D208 on 08.02.1996. From the schedule to the balance sheet for the year 1995-96 it can be said that during that year the said company had received back a sum of Rs.40,00,000/- placed as deposit during earlier years. The above money transactions are carried through Banking and Financial Institution and by cheques. From these records, He could only say that the above accused have not pumped any funds into the said company for the acquisition of the above properties. From the above financial statements, it can be said that M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd had enough funds for making the above purchases.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that he completed graduation in the year 1988. He started Article ship with Mr.G.Narayanaswamy Chartered Accountant and senior partner in M/s S.Venkataraman and Co., Chartered Accountants, Chennai, in the month of August 1988. He completed Articleship under said Mr.G.Narayanaswamy in August 1991. Till then he worked in M/s.S.Venkataraman and Co., under said Sri.G.Narayanaswamy. He worked in M/s.S.Venkataraman and Co., Chartered Accountants between 1988 and 1991. He was not employed in M/s.G.Natarajan and Associates. He was also not a partner in M/s G.Natarajan and Associates Mr.G.Narayanaswamy, Mr.Seetharaman, Mr.Kabirdas and one lady whose name he has forgotten were working as Chartered Accountants in M/s.S.Venkataraman and Co, when he joined that firm as an Article. In between 1988 and 1991 there was re constitution of firm M/s S.Venkataraman and Co., Chartered Accountants. Mr.G.Natarajan, Mr.Bhaskar and Mr.Vaidyanathan (DW.86) were the partners in M/s G.Natarajan and Associates. He does not know the date on which DW.86 Vaidyanathan became a partner in M/s G.Natarajan and Associates. He has not gone through the deeds of partnership of the firm M/s S.Venkataraman and Co, and M/s G.Natarajan and Associates. He has not gone through the deeds of partnership of the firms M/s S.Venkataraman and Co, and M/s G.Natarajan and Associates. He has brought a declaration letter from Mr.G.Natarajan Chartered Accountant and senior partner of M/s Nataraj Associates to the effect that he associated with the said firm since 1991. It is a partner who is competent to give evidence on behalf of a partnership firm. He denies the suggestion that he was not competent to give evidence in this case on behalf of M/s G.Natarajan and Associates Chartered Accountants, on account of he being not a partner of the said firm. He has not obtained a declaratory letter from M/s S.Venkataraman and Co.,

M/s Nataraj and Associates were appointed as statutory auditors for M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd for the years 1994-95 and 1995-96. He has not signed any documents pertaining to M/s G.Nataraj and Associates to show that he was associated with that firm and that he was involved in finalization of the accounts of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, since those papers are signed only by the statutory auditors. The audit report pertaining to M/s.Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd does not make a mention of his name. He does not know whether there is any difficulty for the partners of M/s S.Venkataraman and Co. and M/s Nataraj Associates to appear before this court and give evidence on behalf of respective firms. The said firms have not issued any letter of authorization in his favour for giving evidence in this case on their behalf.

From Ex.P590 he said that Mr.Narayana Rao and Mr.V.Sai Basker Reddy who were directors of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd ceased to be directors from 29.08.1994. Accused No.3 Sudagaran and Accused No.4 Ilavarasi were made additional directors of said company on 17.08.1994 as per Ex.P590. On the date of execution of sale deed Ex.P33 dt.31.01.1994 accused Nos.3 and 4 were not the directors of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. The names of the directors who represented M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd under Ex.P33 is not mentioned. From the said document, it was not possible for him to say as to who signed the said document on behalf of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd at the time of registration of the sale deed. Similarly in the certified copies of the sale deeds marked as Ex.P34 to Ex.P39 the names of the persons who represented M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd are not mentioned. But the name of one Srinivasan is mentioned after the name of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.

According to Ex.P587, Mr.V.Sai Bhaskar Reddy and P.Narayana Rao were the subscribers to the memorandum of association pertaining to M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. According to Ex.D202 the appeal under the Income Tax Act was filed by M/s.G.Natarajan and Associates on behalf of the assessee M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd. There is a mention in Ex.D202 that the entire sale consideration was paid by accused No.3 V.N.Sudhakaran (A-3) and same was duly accounted for in his I.T.Returns. He does not know the reason as to why out of Rs.97,00,000/-, being the purchase value of shares, Rs.96,94,000/- (Value of 9,69,400 equity shares purchased by A.2 N.Sasikala @ Rs.6/- per share) was paid by V.N.Sudhakaran (A-3). He does not know the basis on which the price of each share was determined @ Rs.6/-, by the parties to the share transaction. After admission of A.3 and A.4 as additional directors of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd intimation was sent to the Registrar of Companies and other statutory compliances were made. He could not say whether on the admission of accused Nos.3 and 4 as additional directors of M/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. there was any change in the articles and memorandum of association of said company.

In respect of the business done by M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd during the financial year 1994-95 and 1995-96 to the tune of Rs.01,39,08,584/- there was deduction of income tax at source in respect of Rs.1,20,00,000/- worth business as could seen from TDS certificate and said deduction income tax at source is done by the customer M/s Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation. The said amount of Rs.1,20,00,000/- was the lease amount paid by M/s Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation to M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. The name of Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation is not mentioned in the Profit and Loss account of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals as per Ex.D203 for the year ending on 31.03.1995 and 31.03.1996. Similarly in the balance sheet Ex.D201 the name of Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation is not mentioned. During the audit of the accounts of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals he went through the document that was executed between Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals he went through the document that was executed between Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd and Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation. He was not in possession of that document. He could not recollect the date of execution of the above document namely lease deed and also the term of lease, at this point of time. The lease amount was Rs.7,50,000/- per month. He had not submitted copy of the lease deed to the Income Tax Department. He does not know the purpose for which M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd had advanced Rs.25,00,000/- to M/s Meadow Agro Farms Ltd and Rs.20,00,000/- was advanced by said Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals to one Jame Fredric.

He does not know that M/s Meadow Agro Farms Ltd was not a sister concern of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. He also does not know that the said James Fredric was in no way concerned with M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. To his recollection, the above amounts were not repaid by M/s Meadow Agro Farms Ltd and Mr.James Fredric to M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. No interest was charged on the above advances made to M/s Meadow Agro Farms Ltd and Mr.James Fredric. During the process of audit he did not obtain conformation of above advances, from M/s Meadow Agro Farms Ltd and Mr.James Fredric.

In para.5 of the order Ex.D202 the breakup of Rs.73,63,665/- which is shown in the balance sheet of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd under the head “Loans and Advances” for the year ending on 31.3.1996, the break up is given as under:

ED Modvat Balance28,038
James Fredrick20,00,000
Meadow Agro Farms25,00,000
Tax deducted at source26,44,208
Deposits1,91,419
Total73,63,665
 
He was not in possession of any confirmation letter from James Fredrick and M/s Meadow Agro Farms Ltd.

During the audit of the accounts of M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd he observed that there was no internal audit system commensurate with the size of the company. Form Ex.D208 it was not possible for him to say the purpose for which the amount of Rs.1,00,00,000/- was taken as loan by M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd from Maguntha Investments during the year 1995-96. In Ex.D208, it is mentioned that the above amount of Rs.1,00,00,000/- was given as Inter Corporate Deposit (ICD). To his recollection, this amount of Rs.1,00,00,000/- was not returned by M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd to Maguntha Investments. He was unable to say from the records whether any interest was paid on the above amount of Rs.1,00,00,000/- by M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd to Maguntha Investments.

As could seen from Ex.D201 M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd were due Rs.1,37,71,022/- during the year ending on 31.03.1995 and Rs.91,04,598/- during the year ending on 31.03.1996, to State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Ltd (SIPCOT-for short). M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd had repaid the above loan to the extent of Rs.46,66,424/- during the year ending on 31.03.1996.

Question: What was the source for M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd for making repayment to the tune of Rs.46,66,424/- to SIPCOT during the year 1995-96?

Ans:- In the balance sheet Ex.D201 a sum of Rs.20,36,618/- is shown as reserve and surplus available with M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals during the year 1994-95 and a sum of Rs.69,13,037/- is shown as reserve and surplus available with M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals in the year 1995-96. The difference amount is Rs.48,76,419/-. With this amount M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd could repay the loan to SIPCOT to the tune of Rs.46,66,424/- during the year 1995-96.

There is no specific mention in Ex.D201 that M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd made repayment to the tune of Rs.46,66,424/- to M/s SIPCOT during the year 1995-96. They did not physically verify the fixed assets of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd as shown in Ex.D201. The said figure was mentioned on the basis of the invoices pertaining to those fixed assets and the entries in the fixed assets register. The said invoices and the fixed assets register for the years 1994-95 and 1995-96 pertaining to M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd are not before the Court.

The details of current liabilities of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd as per the figures mentioned in Ex.D201, are given in schedule E to the balance sheet. In schedule E to the said balance sheet, a sum of Rs.45,00,000/- is shown under the head current liabilities, with respect to the deposit from SPIC (Southern Petro Chemical Industries Corporation).

Question:- At page.124 para 2.1 in Ex.D202 the amount of share capital is extracted as Rs.9.95 Crores, from assessing officers order by the appellate authority. Can you give the breakup of the share holding in M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd during the assessment year 1995-96.

Ans:- By typographical error the amount of share capital is shown as Rs.9.95/- Crores in para 1 of the assessing officers notice u/S 148 of Income Tax Act, extracted in para 2.1 of Appellate Authority Order Ex.D202. But in Ex.D201 namely the balance sheet of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd for the said assessment year the share capital amount is shown as Rs.99,95,000/- (Value of 09,95,000 shares). Out of this 09,69,400 shares were held by accused No.2 Sasikala and 100 shares each were held by Thangamani, Mrs.Mala, Shanmugham, Vivekanandan, Shivakumar and Kumar as per the details given in para.4.1 of the appellate order Ex.D202.

The above said 7 persons purchased the entire share holding of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd, from the then existing shareholders. M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd were manufacturing certain chemicals used for the manufacture of the detergents. After the above said 7 persons acquired the share holding, there was no change in the business of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Without referring to the documents pertaining to the year 1994-95 and earlier periods he could not say whether M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd were carrying on above business of manufacture of chemicals earlier to 1994-95. The said M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. were following mercantile system of accounting since its inception. He said so because every company incorporated under Indian Companies Act and engaged in such business is required to follow mercantile system of accounting from the beginning. The said company had followed the guide line issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI-for short) in the maintenance of accounts. All the income and all items of expenditure were shown in the profit and loss account of the said company. The balance sheet which is produced before the Court is not accompanied by the bills and vouchers pertaining to income and expenditure. There are no prior period items of income and expenditure, shown in the balance sheet pertaining to M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd for the assessment year 1995-96 and 1996-97. Other than the items shown in the balance sheet, there were no claims against the said company. No personal expenses were claimed in the said account of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd. During the process of auditing he verified each bill and voucher pertaining to the transactions of the said company. He has obtained a certificate from M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd to the effect that no cash payment has been made in respect of any payment in excess of Rs.20,000/-. The said certificate is not enclosed to the balance sheet. He did not have the Permanent Account Number and I.T. Returns of A.2 Sasikala and A.4 Ilavarasi.

Ex.D201 doesnt bear the seal and signature of M/s Nataraj Associates Chartered Accountants or any other auditor. He has not produced the audit program sheet and audit query sheet pertaining to the accounts of M/s Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd, M/s Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd and M/s Signora Business Enterprises, before court. He denies the suggestion that he has not audited the account of any of the above companies and that he has deposed falsely before the Court and that he has done so in order to help the accused.

DW.88 – Soundara Velan was the Chartered Accountant. He handled the accounts of M/s.Jaya Publications and M/s.Sasi Enterprises, personal account of A-2 and certain Firms concerning her. M/s.Jaya Publications is a Partnership Firm. From 1990 onwards, A-1 and A-2 were Partners. A-1 has executed Power of Attorney in favour of A-2 for managing the affairs of Jaya Publications. Ex.P.995 is the copy of the said Power of Attorney dated 27.2.1992. Jaya Publications was publishing a Daily Newspaper, viz. Namadu MGR. Besides, it carries on printing work on job order basis. News items pertaining to All India Anna DMK and messages of General Secretary, i.e. A-1 used to be published.

He further deposed that in the year 1990, in order to improve the circulation of the said Newspaper, a subscriber deposit scheme was introduced. Under the said scheme, subscriber had an option of depositing Rs.12,000/-, Rs.15,000/- or Rs.18,000/- with Jaya Publications. Depending upon the deposit of the subscribers, the subscribers would get 4, 5 or 6 free copies of the said Newspaper daily. The concerned subscriber would get refund of the said deposit amount by giving 15 days prior notice. Assessee was brought into the Central Circle of Income Tax. The accounts were scrutinized by the Income Tax Department under Section 143(3) of the Income Tax Act. The IT authorities would scrutinize each item of income as well as expenditure. Under Section 142(2A) of the Income Tax Act, there is a provision for appointing the Special Auditor. Sri P.B.Vijaya Raghavan and Co., Chartered Accountants were appointed as Special Auditor for auditing the accounts of M/s.Jaya Publications for the assessment year 1994-95. During the said audit period, he personally produced the books of accounts of the assessee before the Special Auditors. The Special Auditor examined the Cash Book, Journal Register, Stock Register, General Ledger, Records for Agricultural Income, etc. and drew Ex.P.217-Special Audit Report. He can identify Exs.D.218, D.219 and D.220, copies of the IT returns filed by M/s.Jaya Publications for the assessment years 1991-92 to 1994-95 on 6.11.1998. Ex.D.221, D.222, D.223 are copies of the IT returns for the assessment years 1995-96 and 1996-97. Balance sheet for the assessment years, 1994-95, 1995-96, 1996-97 are not available in the records produced by the Income Tax Department. Hence, he has produced the attested copy of the balance sheet and profit and loss account of Jaya Publications for the years ending on 31.3.1994, 31.3.1995 and 31.3.1996. They are at Exs.D.224 to D.226. During the scrutiny of accounts, IT authorities required the assessee to produce the list of subscribers of the above mentioned deposit scheme. The said lists were produced by the assessee. From the said list, the IT authorities segregated the names of the subscribers district-wise and sent the same to the respective District IT authorities for verification. In turn, the respective Income Tax Officers of the Districts summoned the subscribers and recorded their statements. The said statements were thereafter sent to the Central Circle Office along with the report. Ex.D.227 is the report of subscribers of Coimbatore District. The concerned Assessing Officer has furnished a format to each of the subscriber and those forms were filled by the subscribers giving details of amount deposited by each of them. Confirmation letters were produced by the assessee confirming the deposit. The order of the Commissioner of Income Tax Appeal, Central-II, in I.T.Appeal Nos.144/2001, it is mentioned that the said confirmation letters being voluminous, are not produced before the Court. With regard to 286 letters of confirmation from depositors relating to assessment years 1991-92 to 1993-94 of Jaya Publications under the above mentioned deposit scheme referred in the assessment order dated 26.3.2001 made under Section 144 read with Section 251 of the Income Tax Act, it is mentioned that those documents being voluminous, they are not produced. Similarly, at Sl.No.75 with regard to 1005, confirmation of letters of depositors for the assessment years 1993-94, it is mentioned that the documents being voluminous, they are not produced. The accused have now produced the list of subscribers of above deposit, with their names and addresses and also the amounts subscribed for the assessment years 1991-92 to 1996-97. The said list comprises of 6 books and they are Ex.D.229(1) to Ex.D.229(6). The above list had been submitted to the IT authorities and they segregated the names of the subscribers district wise and sent those lists to the respective assessing officers of each district for enquiry and report. The accused have also produced the applications given by the scheme depositors. Those applications are contained in 18 files. The said files are Ex.D.230(1) to Ex.D.230(18). To his knowledge, there are about 9,000 such depositors. The Assessing Officer did not accept the reports of the respective district. Assessing Officer of Central Circle-II passed assessment order on 26.3.2001 for the assessment year 1991-92. Aggrieved by the same, I.T.Appeal No.144/2001-02 was preferred. The appellate authority accepted the case of the assessee regarding scheme deposit collection. Ex.D.232 is the order of the appellate authority.

Appeal was also preferred against the assessment order pertaining to 1993-94 in I.T.Appeal No.142/2001-02. The appellate authority passed on order on 28.3.2002.

With regard to the assessment for the years, 1994-95 to 1996-97, the Assessing Officer summoned the subscribers of all the districts and recorded their sworn statement. The assessing officer passed an order partially allowing the claim made by the assessee in respect of the deposit scheme. Appeal was preferred before the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals). The claim of the assessee was partially accepted. Aggrieved by the same, the assessee preferred an appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The Department also preferred an appeal. After hearing, the appellate tribunal passed a common order, accepting the claim of the assessee regarding the deposit scheme except in respect of 41 deposits. In respect of 41 depositors, the case was remanded to the assessing officer with a direction to give an opportunity to the assessee to cross-examine those 41 depositors. That remanded enquiry is respect of 41 depositions is still pending. The said order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal on 30.11.2007 in IT Appeal Nos.1130/Mds/2003, 1151, 1152, 1153, 1154/Mds/02 and 1693/Mds/03 in respect of assessment years 1994-95 to 1999-00 is available in Volume No.3 of the records produced by the Income Tax Department, at pages 251 to 279. The same is Ex.D234. The total amount received by Jaya Publications under the above deposit scheme from its subscribers is Rs.14,23,89,000/-. This figure is mentioned in the orders passed by the Commissioner of Income Tax in the appeals filed before him, and the order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The above amount had been collected from the subscribers by the Jaya Publication in cash during the period of 6 years and the amounts so collected used to be remitted to Bank accounts of Jaya Publication (Cash Credit Ac.No.2047 with Canara Bank, Mylapur Branch, Chennai) and Namadu MGR (Current Account No.1952 with Canara Bank Mylapur Branch). The main sources of income for Jaya Publication were sale of news papers, advertisements and work on printing on job work basis. These incomes have been assessed by the Income Tax Department. As per the profit and loss account statement the net profit derived by Jaya Publications from the above sources of income during the assessment years 1992-93 to 1996-97 (5 years) was Rs.1,15,94,848.60 paise. On account of the increase in the number of readers Namadhu MGR newspaper year after year, there was corresponding increase in the purchase of paper for news print and other items. In this regard there was an enquiry by the I.T. Authorities. During the said enquiry the assessing officers had summoned the suppliers of the above paper and other news print materials and enquired them.

In the year 1988, Sixteen thousand (16,000) copies of Namadhu MGR news paper used to be printed every day by Jaya Publication for circulation. The said number increased to Thirty thousand (30,000) per day in the year 1990. Then said number further increased to Sixty thousand (60,000) in the year 1995-96. The said number further increased to Seventy thousand (70,000) in the year 1996-97. On account of increase in the number of readers year after year, the consumption of printing paper and other suppliers of the said materials, the income tax assessing officers accepted the claim of Jaya Publications.

That remanded enquiry in respect of 41 depositions is still pending. The said order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal on 30.11.2007 in IT Appeal Nos.1130/Mds/2003, 1151, 1152, 1153, 1154/Mds/02 and 1693/Mds/03 in respect of assessment years 1994-95 to 1999-00 is available in Volume No.3 of the records produced by the Income Tax Department as per Ex.D234. The total amount received by Jaya Publications under the above deposit scheme from its subscribers is Rs.14,23,89,000/-. This figure is mentioned in the orders passed by the Commissioner of Income Tax in the appeals filed before him, and the order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. The above amount had been collected from the subscribers by the Jaya Publication in cash during the period of 6 years and the amounts so collected used to be remitted to Bank accounts of Jaya Publications (Cash Credit Ac.No.2047 with Canara Bank, Mylapur Branch, Chennai) and Namadu MGR (Current Account No.1952 with Canara Bank Mylapur Branch). The main sources of income for Jaya Publications were sale of news papers, advertisements and work on printing on job work basis. These incomes have been assessed by the Income Tax Department. As per the profit and loss account statement, the net profit derived by Jaya Publications from the above sources of income during the assessment years 1992-93 to 1996-97 (5 years) was Rs.1,15,94,848.60 paise. On account of the increase in the number of readers Namadhu MGR newspaper year after year, there was corresponding increase in the purchase of paper for news print and other items. In this regard, there was an enquiry by the I.T. Authorities. During the said enquiry, the assessing officers had summoned the suppliers of the above paper and other news print materials and enquired them.

In the year 1988, Sixteen thousand (16,000) copies of Namadhu MGR news paper used to be printed every day by Jaya Publications for circulation. The said number increased to Thirty thousand (30,000) per day in the year 1990. Then said number further increased to Sixty thousand (60,000) in the year 1995-96. The said number further increased to Seventy thousand (70,000) in the year 1996-97. On account of increase in the number of readers year after year, the consumption of printing paper and other suppliers of the said materials, the income tax assessing officers accepted the claim of Jaya Publications.

In the year 1990, M/s Jaya Publications took 65.57 acres of agricultural land belonging to one TSR Vasudevan Poyakkam and Maharajapuram in Villupuram District, on lease basis. The agricultural operations were being carried out by Jaya Publications in the name of Sapthagiri Farms. The said Jaya Publications disclosed the receipt of agricultural income, in the returns filed before the I.T. Authorities. The I.T. Authorities enquired the said Vasudevan and thereafter they passed assessment orders accepting the claim made by the assessee. As he remembered, two lease agreements had been executed by Vasudevan in favour of Jaya Publications. In the documents produced before the Court by the Income Tax Department, he saw one certified copy of the certificate dated 12.11.2001 issued by Deputy Inspector General of Registration, Chennai confirming the sale of stamp papers bearing numbers 4163 to 4166 and 4169 and 4170 dated 5.7.1988 in favour of Vasudevan as per Ex.D.235. The said agricultural income has been shown in the profit and loss account of Jaya Publications every year. The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal also accepted the above claim made by Jaya Publications regarding agricultural income.

While he was working with M/s Nataraj Associatesand M/s Venkataram and Co., he had inspected and audited the accounts including financial statements to be presented before I.T. Authorities, of M/s Sasi enterprises. The said M/s Sasi Enterprises is a partnership firm. The said firm was reconstituted in the year 1990. The partners of reconstituted firm are Tmt.Sasikala (A.2) and Jayalalitha (A.1). The said firm was engaged in the business of providing FAX services, STD services, Xerox services, printing of Building plans, in the name of FAX Universal, to its customers. The said Sasi Enterprises was assessed to Income Tax by Income Tax, Central Circle- II(2), Chennai. The Central Circle-II used to verify each item of income as well as expenditure shown in the statements attached to the returns of the assessee, before passing the assessment order. The said assessment used to be done as provided u/S 143(3) of Income Tax Act. The said M/s Sasi Enterprises had entered out agricultural operations in the year 1990. In the records produced by the I.T. Authorities, he identifies Ex.D.258 found in Volume -8, as attested copy of lease agreement dated 01.09.1991 entered into between M/s.Sasi Enterprises and the said TSR Vasudevan.

In the same records i.e. Volume No.8, he identifies Ex.D.259 as copy of certificate issued by the Tahsildar of Villupuram to the effect that the lands mentioned therein were held by A.2 Sasikala as lessee. In the same records i.e. Volume No.8 he identifies Ex.D.260 as attested copy of order dated 28.5.2002 passed in I.T. Appeal No.108/2001-02 relating to the assessment year 1991-92 (accounting year ending on 31.03.1991), by the Commissioner of Income Tax Appeals-II. Ex. D 261 is the balance sheet and the profit and Loss account statement of M/S Sasi Enterprises for the year ending on 31.03.1991 as certified by the auditors. The above order was passed by the Income Tax Authorities on the basis of above Balance Sheet Ex.D.261. In the said Balance sheet, a sum of Rs.3,73,700/- is shown as agricultural income for the above accounting year. The said agricultural income has been accepted by the Income Tax Department as reflected in the above order Ex.D.260.

In the above balance sheet Ex.D.261 a sum of Rs.17,91,000/- is shown as loans and advances due to M/s Sasi Enterprises. In the attachment to the said Balance sheet, the names of the persons from whom the above amount was due to M/s Sasi Enterprises as referred in Ex.D.261, Rs.8,20,000/- was due from one Nagammal, a sum of Rs.2,75,000/- was due from one Subramaniam.

In the records produced by I.T. Authorities namelyvolume No.8, he identifies Ex.D.262 as attested copy of the order dated:28.5.2002 passed by Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) for the assessment year 1992-93 (accounting year ending on 31.3.1992), in I.T. Appeal NO.107/2001-02. EX.D.263 is copy of the Balance sheet for the accounting year ending on 31.03.1992 of M/s.Sasi Enterprises as attested by the auditors namely S. Venkataram and Co. During the said accounting year M/s Sasi Enterprises had leased shops bearing Nos.9 and 20 in Khadar Nawaz Khan Road, Chennai in favour of M/s Info Tech Computer Centre. The said Sasi Enterprises had received an amount of Rs.54,000/- as advance. In the records produced by I.T. Authorities, he identifies Ex.D.264 as attested copy of letter dt:30.11.2001 addressed by Info Tech Computer Centre to the Commissioner of Income Tax Appeals, Chennai confirming the payment of above amount advanced to M/s Sasi Enterprises.

In volume No.8 of the records which are produced by the I.T. Authorities, he identifies Ex.D265 as attested copy of letter dt:26.12.2001 addressed by one A. Bhaskaran of Kumbakonam to the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) to the effect that a sum of Rs.40,000/- was paid as advance to M/s Sasi Enterprises in respect of a property at Maharkombu, Thanjavur taken on lease by the said Bhaskaran. He said that the said property is a house property. In the Balance Sheet cum profit and Loss account for the accounting year ending on 31.03.1992 i.e., Ex.D.263 pertaining to M/s Sasi Enterprises a sum of Rs.5,40,700/- is shown as agricultural income. The receipt of said agricultural income by M/s Sasi Enterprises has been accepted by the I.T. Authorities as reflected at page.16 of the order Ex.D.262. In the balance sheet Ex.D.263 under the head “Details of Loans and advances” a sum of Rs.3,70,000/- is shown as balance amount due by Mrs. Nagammal. In the previous years balance sheet namely Ex.D.261 pertaining to the year ending on 31.03.1991, under the head “Details of Loans and Advances” a sum of Rs.8,20,000/- is shown as amount due from Mrs. Nagammal. This would mean that during the accounting year ending on 31.03.1992 M/s Sasi Enterprises had received Rs.4,50,000/- towards repayment of loan from Mrs. Nagammal and this aspect has been accepted by I.T. Authorities in the order Ex.D.262. The other aspects mentioned in the above balance sheet i.e. Ex.D.261 have been accepted in the order Ex.D.62 passed by the I.T. Authorities.

M/s Sasi Enterprises had filed I.T. returns along with Balance Sheet, profit and loss account for the year ending on 31.3.1993. Commissioner of Income Tax passed an order dt:28.5.2002 in I.T. Appeal No.106/2001. Attested copy of the said order is Ex.D.266 EX.D.267 is attested copy of the Balance sheet along with profit and Loss account of M/s Sasi Enterprises for the accounting year ending on 31.3.1993. In this document, a sum of Rs.2,16,850/- is shown as agricultural income under the head “Liabilities”. The receipt of the said agricultural income was accepted by the Commissioner of Income Tax Appeals, under the order Ex.D.266. Similarly, in Ex.D.267 under the head “Details and Loans for advances” the previous balance of Rs.3,70,000/- was received from the said Nagammal during the financial year ending on 31.3.1993. This aspect has been accepted after discussion in the order Ex.D.266. In the balance sheet for the year ending on 31.3.1993 namely Ex.D.267, a sum of Rs.1,48,600/- is shown as rent received by the firm. The said rental income had been accepted by the income tax authorities under the order Ex.D.266 pertaining to assessment year 1993-94. In case I.T. Authorities did not allow the rent income shown in the Balance sheet, they would have treated above amount of Rs.1,48,600/- as income from unexplained source and assessed the same under Section 56 of the Income Tax Act. The said rental income of Rs.1,48,6000/- has not been assessed under Section 56 of Income Tax Act.

Ex.D.268 is attested copy of the acknowledgment given by I.T. Authorities for the receipt of returns for the assessment year 1994-95 from M/S Sasi Enterprises, along with statement of income and balance sheet. Ex.D.269 is attested copy of the assessment order dt:19.03.1999 passed by the assessing authority namely Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II(2) in respect of M/s Sasi Enterprises for the assessment year 1994-95. In the said statement of income for the year ending on 31.03.1994 (forming part of Ex.D.268) M/s Sasi Enterprises have shown an amount of Rs.65,000/- as agricultural income derived out of 3 acres 23 cents of land in R.S.No.402/2 of Sundara Kottai Village in Mannargudi taluk, Thanjavur District, and an amount of Rs.1,41,400/- as rental income derived from shops and house property. In the same document that total annual income is shown as Rs.1,94,806/-. Under the same statement of income, a sum of Rs,.10,20,000/- is shown as income from capital gains, got by the sale of plant and Machinery tools, Dies and Condemned Stores of erstwhile TANSI Enameled wire. These aspects were accepted by the assessing authority under the assessment order Ex.D.269 dt:19.03.1999.

Ex.D.270 is attested copy of the acknowledgement issued by the Income Tax Department for the receipt of returns along with statement of income, balance sheet and profit and loss account for the year ending on 31.03.1995 (assessment year 1995-96) from M/S Sasi Enterprises on 20.09.1997. In the said statement of income a profit is shown as Rs.44,895/-. A sum of Rs.1,69,600/- is shown as income from house property. A sum of Rs.27,42,869/- is shown as term loan received from Indian Bank. On the basis of the above returns filed for the year ending on 31.03.1995, an assessment order came to be passed on 30.03.1999 as per Ex.D.271.

Ex.D.272 is attested copy of the acknowledgment issued by the I.T. Authorities regarding receipt of returns along with statement of income, balance sheet and profit and loss statement, from M/s Sasi Enterprises for the assessment year 1996-97 (accounting year ending on 31.03.1996). In the statement of income a sum of RS.80,000/- is shown as agricultural income. Gross rental income received is shown as Rs.7,06,200/-. In the same statement of income, a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs is shown as loan received by the assessee from Housing Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd. Regarding this the said Housing Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd have given confirmation by furnishing statement of account as per Ex.D.273. Ex.D.274 is letter of confirmation of accounts issued to Sasi Enterprises by Housing Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd for the period 01.04.1997 to 31.03.1998. In this document, the amount due is shown as Rs.10 lakhs. In the above statement of income a sum of 6 lakhs is shown as the amount received by way of sale proceeds of building materials pertaining to Industrial Estate Guindy. Ex.D.275 is attested copy of the order of assessment dt:30.03.1999 passed by Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Central-II(2), Chennai in respect of M/s Sasi Enterprises for the assessment year 1996-97. In the said balance sheet pertaining to EX.D.272 under the head “unsecured loans” a sum of Rs.2 lakhs is shown as received from Lex property Developers Pvt. Ltd. In the assessment order if a particular item shown in the statement of income is not dealt with it would mean that the said item was accepted by the assessing authority.

Mr.G. Narayan Swamy, Mr.G. Seetharaman, Mr.R.Vaidyanathan and Mr.B.K.Murthy are the Senior Auditors working in M/s. Venkataram and Co. Mr. G. Natarajan is Senior Auditor in M/s Natarajan Associates. Apart from assisting the above firms of Chartered Accountants in the auditing of the firms of Chartered Accountants in the auditing of the accounts of their clients, he has independently done internal auditing work in respect of M/s Sasi Enterprises, M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. and also A.2 Sasikala.

A.2 Sasikala and A.3 Sudagaran are directors in M/s Anjaneya printers Pvt. Ltd. The said M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd was incorporated on 14.07.1993. Printing business is the main business of Anjaneya Printers. The said M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd owns 19 or 20 printing machines. It has also taken printing machines belonging to M/s Shastri Nuts, plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd and M/s Jaya Publications, on lease. The printing machines which are owned by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd have been purchased from M/s Uni offset printers, M/s Amar Enterprises, M/s Ideal packaging and M/s Tamil Arasi Achagam. Ex.D.236, Ex.D.237 and Ex.D.238 are attested copies of the invoices pertaining to the printing machines purchased by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd from the said suppliers. Ex.D.276 is attested copy of invoice pertaining to printing machine purchased by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd from Tamil Arasi Achagam. The said M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd is an assessee of income tax and the assessment is done by Central Circle-II(2), M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd in Chennai came to be searched by the income Tax Department. After the said search M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd filed income tax returns. In volume No.7 of the documents produced before court by the Income Tax Department he identifies Ex.D.277 as attested copy of acknowledgement issued by Income Tax Department for the receipt of returns along with Income Tax Adjustment Statement, Balance Sheet, Trading profit and Loss Account from M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd on 29.08.1997 for the period 14.07.1993 to 24.09.1996. The date 14.07.1993 is the date of incorporation of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd and 24.09.1996 is the date on which the raid was conducted by Income Tax Department. The assessment was done for block period of 10 years preceding the date of search. In the same volume No.7, he identifies Ex.D278 as attested copy of assessment order dt:06.03.1998 passed by Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II(2) Chennai, for the above block period. The assessing authority did not accept the accounts submitted by the said M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. Acting under Sec.142(2A) of Income Tax Act the assessing authority with permission of Commissioner of Income Tax appointed by name M/s Subba Rao and Co., Chartered Accountants, Chennai as special auditors for auditing the entire accounts pertaining to M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd for the above period. The above assessment order Ex.D.278 is based on the audit report submitted by the said M/s Subba Rao and Co. The assessing authority did not accept the amount shown as receipts by way of share applications from M/s Jaya Publications, inflation in purchase of printing raw materials. But the other items were accepted. The assessee namely M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd preferred appeal against the said assessment order before Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. In volume No.7 of the records produced by the Income Tax Department he identifies 76 Ex.D.279 as attested copy of the order dt.27.12.2004 passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (A-Bench) in I.T.(S.S.)A.No.87 (Mds) 1998. The appellate authority under this order accepted the items which had been disallowed by the assessing authority. Ex.D.280 is attested copy of the letter dt:04.01.2000 addressed to Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II(2), Chennai by the auditors M/s Venkataraman and Co., giving details of the machineries leased to M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. by M/s Shastri Nuts plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd., In the order Ex.D.279, the Appellate Authority has upheld the claim of the assessee regarding payment of hire charges by the assessee to M/s Jaya Publications. In the trading profit and loss account forming part of Ex.D.277 the following breakup figures are shown under the head “Net Profit”.

Rs.89,646.00 for accounting year 1993-94

Rs.30,30,284/- for the accounting year 1994-95

Rs.22,30,285/- for the accounting year 1995-96

Rs.04,31,069/- for the period 01.04.1996 to 30.09.1996

In the same statement M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd show that Rs.43,18,810/-, Rs.31,64,964/- and Rs.35,50,218/- as the amounts due by way of over draft to the Banks for the financial years ending on 31.03.1995, 31.03.1996 and the period 01.04.1996 to 30.09.1996. They have also shown Rs.52,47,200/-, Rs.50,98,749/- and Rs.56,51,868/- as the amounts due by them way of term loans to the Banks for the years ending on 31.03.1995, 31.03.1996 and the period 01.04.1996 to 30.09.1996 respectively. In the same statement M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd have declared that they have taken unsecured loans from V.N.Sudhakaran (A-3) director of M/s ANjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd and that they are due Rs.09,87,260/-, Rs.09,88,000/- and Rs.09,88,000/- for the years ending on 31.03.1995, 31.03.1996 and the period 01.04.1996 to 30.09.1996 respectively to the said creditor namely V.N.Sudhakaran (A-3).

Accused No.2 Sasikala was carrying on the business of Video Coverage and giving of Video equipments on hire, in the name and style of Vinod Video Vision in Chennai. In addition to this business, from the year 1993 A.2 started business in Steel Fabrications in the name and style of Metal King in Chennai. Further from the year 1995 onwards, she was carrying on Mushroom Business under the name and style of Fresh Mushrooms. She held separate Bank accounts in the names of her above businesses. In the name of Metal King, Accused No.2 held current account No.1245 with Canara Bank, Guindy branch and current account No.2277 with Canara Bank, Mylapur Branch. In the unmarked documents seized during investigation and produced before Court by investigation agency, he identifies Ex.D.281 as Computerized statement of account pertaining to said current account No.1245 with Canara Bank, Guindy Branch for the period 02.01.1995 to 12.08.1996.

The business which was being carried on in the name and style of Metal King was registered under the Sales Tax Act and was assessed to sales tax. In the unmarked documents produced by investigation agency, he identifies Ex.D.282 as the extract of the Assessment Register of Dealers paying Sales Tax during the year 1994-95. According to this document, the total turnover reported by Metal King during the said year was 1,42,92,912-43 paise. The taxable turnover was Rs.33.92,853.54 paise. During the internal audit of the accounts of Metal King for the year 1994-95 to 1996-97 he had examined the accounts of the said assessee. In the unmarked documents produced by the investigation agency he identifies Ex.D.283 as Pay-In-Slips Counterfoil book pertaining to Metal Kings current account No.1245 with Canara Bank, Guindy Branch during the period 27.04.1995 to 22.12.1995. He also identifies Ex.D.284 as Pay-in Slips counterfoil book pertaining to Metal kings current account No.1245 with Canara Bank, Guindy branch during the period 10.02.1996 to 03.041996. Amongst the said unmarked documents he identifies Ex.D.285 as the Chitta Book pertaining to the Bank transactions of Metal King, with Canara Bank, Guindy Branch during the period 03.04.1996 to 12.06.1996, and Ex.D.286 as the Chitta Book pertaining to Metal King regarding the receipts from the customers during the period 10.02.1996 to 31.07.1996. In this book, there is an entry that for the period from 01.04.1996 to 31.04.1996 a sum of Rs.6,67,609/- had been received by Metal King from its customers in the form of Cash, Cheques and DDs. In the same book the entries would show that during the period from 10.02.1996 to 29.02.1996 a sum of Rs.4,48,487-70 paise had been received by Metal King from its customers in the form of Cash, Cheques and DDs. The same book further reveals that during the month of March 1996 Rs.2,73,615/- had been received by Metal King from its customer in the form of Cash, Cheque and DDs.

Accused No.2 Sasikala is an Income Tax Assessee. From the year 1991-92, the accounts of A-2 are being examined by Income Tax Central Circle-II(2), Chennai. The assessing authority would examine each entry pertaining to receipt or payment shown in the statements of profit and loss account by the assessee, before passing the order of assessment. Accused No.2 had filed her I.T. Returns for the assessment year 1991-92. Ex.D.287 is the acknowledgment given by I.T. Authorities for the receipt of I.T. Returns from the said Assessee along with statement of income and other enclosures which are appended to the said acknowledgment. According to the statement of income filed by the assessee the cash on hand as on 31.03.1991 was Rs.4,35,622-60 paise. In the assessment order passed, the assessing authority did not accept the amount which was shown as opening balance as on 01.04.1990. The assessee had preferred an appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai (Bench-A). The Tribunal accepted the amount which was shown as cash on hand on 01.04.1990 in the statement of income filed by the assessee and passed an order as per Ex.D.288 dt:07.12.2004 in I.T-Appeal No.435/Mds/1997.

During the year ending on 31.03.1992 (assessment year 1992-963) the Assessee had received Rs.51,47,955/- through foreign remittances. This was declared in the return of the income filed by the Assessee. Ex.D.289 is copy of the assessment order dt:27.03.2001 passed by the Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Central Circle-II (2), Chennai for the assessment year 1992-93. Under this order, the assessing authority accepted Rs.4,41,615/- shown in the return of income of the assessee as taxable income. Ex.D.289(A) is copy of the acknowledgment issued by income Tax Department regarding receipt of the above returns along with total income statement and computation statement.

In the return of income filed for the assessment year 1993-94, the assessee had declared her income from Vinod Video Vision business during the year ending on 31.03.1993, as Rs.15 lakhs. The assessing authority did not accept this income, while passing the assessment order. The assessee preferred an appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai (Bench-B) in I.T. Appeal No.1594/Mds/1997. Ex.D.290 is copy of the order dt:14.09.2004 passed by the appellate authority. Under this order, the appellate authority accepted Rs.10 lakhs as the total annual income of the assessee from the said Vinod Video Vision business.

The said assessee had filed her I.T. Returns for the assessment year 1994-95. With regard to the order passed by the assessing authority, the revisional authority namely Commissioner of Income Tax, Central-II, Chennai Suo-motu called for the records and passed an order dt:14.03.2002 as per Ex.D.291 revising the order passed by the assessing authority and issued a direction for fresh assessment being made by the assessing authority. Against the order passed by the revisional authority the assessee preferred an appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, B-Bench, Chennai. The appellate Tribunal passed an order dt:18.10.2007 as per Ex.D.292 setting aside the order passed by the revisional authority, and giving a direction to the Assessing Authority to pass fresh order in the light of the observations made in the order of appellate authority.

Thereafter the assessing authority passed fresh order dt:03.01.2008 for the assessment year 1994-95 as per Ex.D.293. Under this order, the Assessing Authority accepted Rs.24,99,005/- as revised total income of the Assessee (including Agricultural income) for the assessment year 1994-95 and directed for payment of Rs.9,79,826/- as the balance income tax payable by the assessee.

The assessee had not filed her I.T. Returns for the assessment year 1995-96. In the year 1997 the Government of India introduced voluntary disclosures of income scheme. After the introduction of this scheme the assessee filed her I.T. Returns for the assessment year 1995-96 on 23.12.1997, under the above scheme. In the said returns the Assessee made voluntarily disclosures of her income for the assessment year 1995-96 as 58,06,667/- and paid the tax. (Since the copy of voluntary declaration of income which is produced by accused does not bear the seal of the I.T. Authorities, the same is not permitted to be marked as exhibit.)

Ex.D.294 is copy of the intimation given by Income Tax Department under Section 143(1) of Income Tax Act to the assessee namely Accused No.2 for the assessment year 1996-97, together with the attachments. Since income tax had been paid as per the declaration made under voluntary disclosure of income scheme, no further amount was payable towards income tax for the said year by the Assessee.

Ex.D.295 is consolidated loan statement pertaining to accused No.2 to accused No.4 and M/s Jay Real Estates, M/s J.S. Housing Development, M/s J. Farm House, M/s Sasi Enterprises, M/s J.Jay T.V., M/s Anjaneya Printer Pvt. Ltd. Kodanadu Tea Estate and M/s Jaya Publications, issued by Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch, showing the loans advanced and amounts due by the respective borrower as on 30.04.1996. Apart from this, Accused No.2 had borrowed amounts in her personal name and also in the name of Metal King of which she is proprietrix, from private lenders namely Housing Real Estate and Development Pvt. Ltd. Ex.D.296 is the statement of account issued by Housing Real Estate and Development Pvt. Ltd to the effect that Rs.15 lakhs had been advanced to Accused No.2 on 10.01.1996. Ex.D.297 is another statement of account issued by Housing Real Estate and Development Pvt. Ltd to the effect that Rs.30 Lakhs and Rs.15 lakhs respectively had been advanced to M/s Metal King on 06.01.1996 and 05.03.1996 respectively. EX.D.298 and Ex.D.299 are the confirmation letters dt:01.04.1998 issued by Housing Real Estate and Development Pvt. Ltd to the effect that as per their books of account for the period 01.04.1997 to 31.03.1998 Rs.45 lakhs and Rs.15 lakhs were due by M/s Metal King and Accused No.2 Sasikala respectively.

Amongst the unmarked documents produced by the investigation agency, he identifies Ex.D.300 as copy of the sale agreement dt:12.02.1995 executed by Accused No.2 Sasikala in favour of M/s Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd in respect of house property i.e., Residential Apartment bearing Flat No.7, 1st floor, Ananthy Street, Santhome, Mylapur, Madras. He prepared the original sale agreement. Under the said agreement, the sale price fixed for the above property was Rs.32 lakhs. Out of that A-2 received Rs.22 lakhs as advance under the said agreement.

Amongst the unmarked documents produced by the investigation agency he identifies Ex.D.301 as copy of the sale agreement dt:18.02.1995 executed by A.2 Sasikala in favour of M/s River Way Agro Pvt. Ltd in respect of lands. He prepared the original sale agreement. Under the said agreement, the sale price fixed for the above property was Rs.80 lakhs.

Amongst the unmarked documents produced by the Investigation agency he identifies Ex.D.302 as copy of the sale agreement dt:08.04.1995 executed by A.2 Sasikala in favour of M/s Meadow Agro Farm Pvt. Ltd in respect of lands. He prepared the original sale agreement. Under the said agreement the sale price fixed for the above property was Rs.80 lakhs. Out of that A.2 received Rs.50 lakhs as advance under the said agreement.

Kodanadu Tea Estate is a partnership firm. Accused No.2 Sasikala, Accused No.3 Sudagaran and Accused No.4- Ilvavarasi were its partner during the years 1995-96 and 1996-97. The said firm owns tea estate called Kodanadu Tea Estate. Initially one Greig Jones and others were the partners in the said firm. Later on Tmt. Radha Venkatachalam and others became the partners of the said firm. Subsequently, A.2 to A4 became the partners. In the year 1995 A.2 to A.4, acquired shares in Kodanadu Tea Estate for a consideration of Rs.7.60 Crores. Out of that RS.3.75 Crores was obtained as loan by A.2 to A4 in the name of Kodanadu Tea Estate Firm from Indian Bank, Abhirampuram Branch, Chennai in the year 1995. Accused No.3 Sudagaran and Accused No.4 Ilavarasi gave Rs.25 lakhs each for the acquisition of share in the said estate. A.2 Sasikala paid Rs.3.35 Crores through cheque. The Firms in which A.2 was a partner, obtained loan to the tune of Rs.2.3 crores from M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd. Out of the said loan amount Rs.2.3 Crores, Accused No.2 drew Rs.2.2 Crores. For the remaining Rs.1.15 Crores, A.2 Sasikala received Rs.55 lakhs as advance from M/s River Way Agro Pvt. Ltd and Rs.40 lakhs from M/s Namadhu MGR news paper and M/s Jaya Publications. The remaining amount was paid by A.2 from her individual fund available in her Bank account.

With regard to the advancing of loan Rs.2.3 Crores by M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd to the above firms in which accused No.2 was partner, the Income Tax Department made enquiry and issued notices to M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd to explain the source of money for the said advancements. In volume No.6 of the records which are produced before the Court by Income Tax Department he identifies Ex.D.303 as copy of the order dt:18.06.2010 passed by Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (bench-A) Chennai in I.T. Appeal No.1285/Mds/2008 preferred by M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd. The explanation given by Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd regarding source of money advanced to the above firms in which A.2 was partner, was accepted by the I.T. Authorities, under the said order. Said M/s Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd availed loan to the tune of Rs.3 Crores from Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch on the security of NRNR (Non Resident Non Repartiable) deposit of Tmt.Susheela Ramaswamy. The income Tax department had issued notice to the said Tmt. Susheela Ramaswamy, in the enquiry held with regard to the said NRNR deposit of Rs.3 crores. Each of accused 3 and 4 had taken loans to the tune of Rs.22 lakhs from M/s Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd for making payments of the said amounts of Rs.25 lakhs each. In the income Tax records produced before Court, he identifies Ex.D.304 as copy of the order dt:02.04.2009 passed by Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (Bench-C) Chennai in the I.T. Appeal No.1616/Mds/2007 preferred by said Tmt. Susheela Ramaswamy. The appellate authority held that NRNR Deposit of said Tmt. Susheela Ramaswamy was not taxable in India.

Ex.D.375 is copy of I.T. Returns submitted by A.2 Sasikala for the Assessment year 1995-96 on 23.12.1997, together with acknowledgement issued by the Commissioner of Income Tax. He has verified the accounts of M/s J. Farm House and M/s Green Farm House. EX.D.376 is the confirmation letter dt:6.7.2013 issued by Housing and Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd to the effect that they had advanced loan of Rs.25 lakhs in favour of M/s J. Farm House through Cheque drawn on Tamil Nadu Mercantile Bank, Annal Salai Branch, Chennai during the year 1995-96. Ex.D.377 is letter dt:06.07.2013 issued by Housing and Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd to the effect that they had advanced loan of Rs.25 lakhs in favour of M/s Green Farm Housing through cheque drawn Tamil Nadu Mercantile Bank, Annal Salai Branch, Chennai during the financial year 1995-96. The said M/s J. Farm House and M/s Green farm house have declared about the said loans obtained by them from Housing and Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd in their IT returns. The assessment proceedings in respect of the years 1995-96 and 1996-97 have not attained finality. Still they are pending. M/s S. Venkataram and Co., are the auditors for Mahasubbalakshmi Kalyana Mantapam. The said M/s Mahasubbalakshmi Kalyana Mantapam is partnership firm initially constituted by Selvaraj, Armugham, Dandapani and three others. There was reconstitution of the said partnership on 01.04.1993 as per deed dt:01.04.1993. A.2 Sudagaran A4 Ilavarasi and Sridala Devi were inducted as new partners of said firm. The said C. Armugham B.Selviraj, K.Dandapani, one Devendranath Arora and Ashok Kumar Arora retired from said partnership under a separate deed dt:28.07.1993. Ex.D.378 is attested copy of the deed of partnership dt:01.04.1993 and Ex.D.379 is attested copy of deed of retirement dt:28.7.1993. The retiring partners were paid in all Rs.10 lakhs by A.3 Sudhagaran. The value of the Benz car owned by M/s Jaya Publications has been declared as Rs.6,76,000/- in the balance sheet for the assessment year 1993-94.

During the cross-examination, it is elicited that he has completed B.Com, in the year 1981 and he did articles under Chartered Accountant by name Mr. T.S.Venkatasubban at Kumbakonam. He was associated with M/s V.Venkataraman and Co., since the year 1992-93. He was with M/s S. Venkataraman and Co., from the year 1992 to 1998. After leaving S.Venkataram and Co., he joined M/s G.Nataraj Associates as partner in the year 1998. He was with M/s. G. Nataraj Associates till the year 2004. He does not have any document to show that he was associated with M/s G.Nataraj Associates from the year 1992-1998. M/s S.Venkataram and Co., orally asked him to give evidence in this case on their behalf. He does not have any letter or authorization issued by M/s S.Venkataram and Co., in his favour. Mr.Venkataram, Mr.G.Narayanaswamy, Mr.G.Seetharaman, Mr.R.Vidyanathan, Mr.Sri.B.K.Murthy, Mr.S.Sudharaman, Mr.B.Gorthaman and two others are partners in M/s S.Venkataram and Co. of them the said G.Narayanaswamy has authorized him to give evidence in this case on behalf of said firm. He was not a partner in M/s S.Venkataram and Co., and M/s G.Nataraj Associates but he has not brought those documents, except a letter issued by M/s G.Nataraj Associates. The said letter is dated 01.06.2013. On 18.06.2013 when he was examined before this Court he had not brought the said letter dated 10.06.2013.

He has handled the accounts of M/s Jaya Publications and M/s Sasi enterprises from the Assessment year 1992-93. He had done internal audit work for these firms. No letter of appointment was issued either by M/s Jaya Publications or by M/s Sasi Enterprises appointing him as their internal auditor. M/s G.Nataraj Associates were appointed as auditors after the year 1996 by M/s Jaya publications and M/s Sasi Enterprises. A.2 Sasikala had appointed him as her auditor for handling her personal accounts in the year 1992. In respect of tax cases only, M/s S. Venkataram and Co., had been appointed as their representatives by M/s Jaya Publications and M/s Sasi Enterprises. There need not be an order of appointment regarding appointment of appointment regarding appointment of auditors for auditing accounts of firm. In the year 1996 Accused No.2 Sasikala appointed M/s G.Nataraj and Associates as her auditor.

He has seen the deed of partnership pertaining to M/s Jaya Publications. The said firm has been registered under partnership Act. He could not furnish the registration number of the said firm but it was registered in the year 1990. A.1 and A.2 became partners of M/s Jaya Publication in the year 1990 i.e., on 04.05.1990. A.2 was looking after the affairs of the said firm in between 1990-1992 and she was interacting with him. A.1 executed the power of attorney dated 27.05.1992 in favour of A.2 for looking after the business of M/s Jaya Publications, on her behalf. The main business of M/s Jaya Publications was Job printing and also the Publication of Namadhu MGR news paper. M/s Namadhu MGR news paper has been registered with Press Trust of India. He does not remember the registration number of Namadhu MGR news paper. M./s Jaya Publications is not Banking Company. It does not do non Banking Business. As there was no necessity M/s Jaya Publications did not obtain scheme in respect of Namadhu MGR news paper. The said scheme has not been registered with any authority, there is no such requirement. He has gone through the terms and conditions of that scheme. According to condition No.2 of the said scheme a depositor would receive a free copy of Namadhu MGR news paper but not any interest on the deposited amount. The number of free copies to be given to a depositor, was decided by the partner of M/s Jaya Publications, in order to increase the subscribers base.

Question: I suggest to you that special auditors came to be appointed for auditing the accounts of M/s Jaya Publications for the reason than internal auditor had not done the work properly. What do you say?

Ans: Special Auditors will be appointed depending on the volume and nature of business, by the Assessing Authority with the permission of Commissioner of Income Tax.

In the order Ex.D.217 there is no mention that representatives of M/s Jaya Publications produced the books of accounts before the special auditors. There is an observation in the said order that during the said special audit to show receipts through cash and Bank no supporting document were made available. He said that on account of seizure of the documents of M/s Jaya Publications by DV and AC those documents could not be made available before the special auditors. But in the order Ex.D.217, there is no mention that the said documents could not be made available for the reason that they were seized by DV and AC. There is an observation made in the para.2 of Annexure-II to Ex.D.217 that all payments made through cash are not supported by any outside document or evidence and that they are only supported by internally made vouchers with payees signature. Three is also further observation para.3 of said Annexure-II that payments above Rs.500/- are not stamped as required under Indian Stamp Act. In Annexure No.VI to Ex.D.217 there is an observation that there are no records to show the production/yield form the land. Hence the auditors are unable to comment on the yield and production.

The returns as per Ex.D.218 to Ex.D.220 were all filed on 06.11.1998, whereas the returns as per Ex.D.221 and Ex.D.222 were filed 17.03.1998 and 17.03.1999 respectively. The returns as per Ex.D.218 to Ex.D.222 were all prepared by him. He has not signed any of those returns, as they have to be signed and verified only by the Assessee. The return as per Ex.D.223 for the Assessment Year 1996-97 was filed on 17.03.1999. The balance sheet as per Ex.D.224, Ex.D.225 and Ex.D.226 for the years ending on 31.03.1994, return. Ex.D.224 to Ex.D226 does not bear the Date, Seal and Signature of the Income Tax Department. Ex.D.228 does not bear the seal and signature of M/s Jaya Publications. It does not indicate the date on which the said list was prepared. The said list is not addressed to any person. The original subscription applications contained in Ex.D.230(1) to Ex.D.230(18) volumes, were not produced before Income Tax Authority but their Xerox copies were produced. The originals had not been produced for the reason that they were taken away by DV and AC. They had produced the receipt counterfoils relating to the said subscription deposits, before the I.T. Authorities.

In Para 7.2 of the order Ex.D.231 with regard to the above applications the following observations is made.

“ As regards non production of the application forms the learned counsel submitted that the application forms, counterfoils etc., kept in a cardboard box in Tata Sumo vehicle parked in a hotel was found missing and a complaint was lodged with the police in this connection. He further submitted that since the original applications were lost he produced photo stat copies of the same before the Assessing Officer. The learned counsel further contended that the Assessing Officer thoroughly investigated the scheme deposit while finalizing the assessment for the Assessment years 1994-95, 1996-97 and 1997-98 and accepted the scheme though certain disallowances were made for the reasons stated therein.”

Question: Are M/s Jaya Publications and M/s Namadhu MGR news paper different entities?

Ans: Namadhu MGR is a news paper published and circulated by M/s Jaya Publications.

Question: At page 21 of the order Ex.D.223 with reference to the deposits mentioned in the said page, the explanation by way of reply given by M/s Jaya Publications to the Assessing Officer has been extracted as under:-

“The previous authorized representative had explained that these are all transfer from current account of M/s Namadhu MGR as the Assessee has been dealing with M/s Jaya Publications and M/s Namadhu MGR as two separate divisions. Scheme deposits are collected by M/s Namadhu MGR. Perhaps so the Assessees clerk is not well verse with in accountancy, was not knowing the account to which they are to be credited whether Namadhu MGR or M/s Jaya Publication, he might have posted to UPL Account”.

In view of the above reply given by the Assessee how do you say that Namadhu MGR news paper was only published and circulated by M/s Jaya Publications?

Ans: According to him M/s Jaya Publications had income from the sale of Namadhu MGR news paper, income from agricultural operations and rental income from properties owned by them. Thereby the income was dealt under 3 divisions.

UPL account means un-posted Ledger Account. He has seen the original lease agreement between Mr. T.S.R.Vasudevan and M/s Jaya Publications in respect of the lease of agricultural lands. A copy of that lease agreement had been produced I.T. Authorities. The original is still with M/s Jaya publications. There is an observation that learned counsel representing the Assessee informed the Assessing Officer vide his letter dt:23.03.2001 that the original lease agreement kept in a cardboard box in Tata Sumo vehicle parked in a hotel was found missing and a complaint was lodged with the police in that connection. He could not say as to how many of the 9,000 subscription deposit subscribers of Namadhu MGR news papers subscription deposit scheme, had subscribed Rs.18,000/-. If he can verify the records and count, then he would be in a position to tell the time. He has seen all the said 9,000 applications of the subscribers of the said scheme. He has not put his initials on the said applications to indicate that he has not put his initials on the said applications to indicate that he verified each of those applications. He denies the suggestion that out of the said 9,000 applications more than 5,000 applications were complete. In the application bearing Sl.No.104 and reference No.207 stated to be that of one S.Mada Swamy, shown to him the place and signature are not visible. He said that this so on account of passage of time. He denies the suggestion that neither the mention of place nor the signature is there in the said application. In the application of one J. Padmanabhan at Sl.No.109 there is mention of date and signature of the applicant but the Column meant for mentioning the place is left blank.

M/s Jaya Publications had not submitted its income tax returns in time. Assessing officer had issued notice on 14.06.1995 requiring M/s Jaya Publications to submit their I.T Returns for the assessment year 1991-92. On account of non filing of returns, the Assessing Officer finalized the assessment proceedings for the Assessment year 1991-92. As could be seen from Para.3 of the order Ex.D.231, the assessing officer finalized the original assessment proceedings u/S 144 of Income Tax Act on 03.03.1998 on the basis of materials available on record. The Commissioner of Income Tax (appeals) set aside the said assessment order on 15.09.1998. Thereafter M/s Jaya Publication filed its return of income on 06.11.1998. The Registrar of News papers for India would issue a certificate regarding the circulation of news papers. According to him the said certificate would be issued on the basis of the disclosures made by the publisher of concerned news paper. When Assessing Officer issued notice requiring M/s Jaya Publication is produced the original applications along with the counterfoils of deposit receipts and the concerned register, but they filed only copies and those copies were accepted by the Assessing Officer.

M/s Jaya publications had not filed return of income for the assessment Year 1992-93, within the time. On 14.06.1995 assessing officer had issued notice to M/s Jaya Publications to file the return. On account of M/s Jaya Publications not filing return of income despite of above notice, the assessing officer finalized the original assessment proceedings under Section 144 of I.T. Act on 06.03.1998 on the basis of the materials available on record. The Assessee preferred appeal against the said order dt:06.03.1998 and the appeal came to be allowed on 15.09.1998 and thereafter the Assessee submitted the return on 06.11.1998. In this case also copies of documents were produced before the Assessing Officer by the Assessee.

He had worked for G.Narayanaswamy Chartered Accountant. There is separate Bank account in the name of M/s Namadhu MGR news paper. There was no change in the nature of business carried on by M/s Jaya Publications after the re-constitution of firm.

Agricultural operations were being carried on by M/s Jaya Publications in the name of Sapthagiri Farm. The said Sapthagiri Farm is not an individual entity. Separate accounts have been maintained in respect of Sapthagiri Farm. He denies the suggestion that there was no lease agreement between Mr. T.S.R.Vasudevan and M/s Jaya Publications. M/s. Nataraj Associates had been appointed as auditors for M/s Sasi Enterprises in the year 1996. M/s S. Venkataram and Co., were attending the tax matters pertaining to M/s Sasi Enterprises he has seen the deed of partnership pertaining to Sasi Enterprises. The said firm is a registered partnership firm. It was registered in the year 1990 but he does not remember the registration number. A-1 Jayalalitha and A.2 Sasikala were the partners of M/s Sasi Enterprises. Providing Copying Services, Fax Services, STD Services, etc., to the customers is the business of the said firm. There was no change in the business of the said firm except that during the financial year 1994-95 the said firm carried on additional business in export of Sea Foods for only one year. There was lease deed executed between TSR Vasudevan and Sasi Enterprises regarding agricultural operations. He has gone through that lease deed. The lease was for the period from 1990 upto 31.03.1993. He has not seen the revenue records pertaining to the Survey Numbers referred in the schedule to Ex.D.258.

M/s Sasi Enterprises had not filed return income for the year 1991-92 within time and notice was issued by the assessing Officer under Section 148 of Income Tax Act on 15.02.1994 requiring M/s Sasi Enterprises to file the returns. On account of return of income being not filed in spite of the above notice, the assessing officer finalized the original assessment under Section 144 of I.T. Act on 09.02.1996 on the basis of materials available in the record. The Assessee namely M/.s Sasi Enterprises had not submitted document showing agricultural Income pertaining to the Assessment year 1991-92. There is an observation that enquiries with Revenue Authority, Villupuram revealed that there was no record of tenancy in respect of the lease hold land and that Village Assistant of Poyapakkam had deposed that the alleged lease hold lands were not leased to anybody else but were cultivated by T.S.R.Vasudevan and his family. But the finding recorded in para 6.6 of the said order is that appellant namely M/s Sasi Enterprises was cultivating Groundnut in 3 acres of land and Vegetables and water melon as main crops in 27.34 acres land. He has seen the original lease agreement dt:01.09.1991 between T.S..R Vasudevan and M/s Sasi Enterprises. But original lease agreement was not with him. The I.T. Authorities have attested Ex.D.258 as certified true copy.

In the balance sheet Ex.D.261 pertaining to M/s Sasi Enterprises, under the head “Liabilities” a sum of Rs.6,85,000/- is shown against the name of A.2 Sasikala and Rs.4,50,000/- is shown against the name of A.1 Jayalalitha. No separate schedule is attached to the balance sheet in respect of the above two entries, since the transactions are few. He has not physically verified the Fixed Assets mentioned in the Ex.D.61. He has only verified the invoices and documents. Before this court the partners of M/s Sasi Enterprises have not produced documents relating to Fixed Assets. In the said balance sheet Ex.D.261 a sum of Rs.70,91,000/- is shown against the head “Loans and Advances”. The confirmation letters regarding loans and advances were produced before the I.T. Authorities but not before this court. No interest was charged on the above amount of Rs.70,91,000/-. The said loans and advances were repaid to the Assessee subsequently.

The order Ex.D.262 pertains to the Assessment year 1992-93. M/s Sasi Enterprises had not filed return of income for the said year in time. The Assessing officer issued notice under Section 148 of I.T. Act on 15.02.1994 calling upon the Assessee to file the return and on account of non compliance with that notice, the Assessing Officer passed the order on 09.02.1996 under Sec. 144 of I.T. Act against the said Assessment Order Assessee filed an Appeal before the Commissioner of Income Tax who by order dt:10.02.1996 set aside the assessment order. Shop No.20, Khader Nawaz Kahn road was purchased by the said Assesee in January 1992. There was lease deed executed in respect of this property between M/s Sasi Enterprises and Infotech Computer Center. He does not remember the date of execution of said lease deed. The lease was for a period of 11 months. Copy of that lease deed had been produced before the I.T. Authorities. The said document is not produced before this court.

There is no reference to the execution of lease deed between InfoTech Computer Centre and M/s Sasi Enterprises in respect of said shop No.20, Khader Nawaz Khan Road, Chennai in Ex.D.264 which is letter dt:30.11.2001 addressed by InfoTech Computer Center to the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals). He denies the suggestion that the said letter dt:30.11.2001 is a concocted document. The letter Ex.D.265 dt:26.12.2001 does not mention clearly whether the advance of Rs.40,000/- was paid by Mr. A.Baskar to M/s Sasi Enterprises in cash or otherwise. The letter also does not make a reference to any lease deed. But in para 5.0 of the order Ex.D.262 there is a mention that the said amount of Rs.40,000/- was credited to Current Ac.No.2061 of M/s Sasi Enterprises with Canara bank,. Mylapur Branch.

In Ex.D.263 which is the balance sheet for the year ending on 31.3.1992 of M/s Sasi Enterprises the amount of Rs.5,40,700/- received by way of Agricultural Income is shown under the head “Liability”, for the reason that the firm is liable to pay the said income to the partners. As observed in the Ex.D.266 M/s Sasi Enterprises had not filed return of income for the Assessment Year 1993-94 within the statutory time allowed under Section 139 of I.T. Act. The return came to be filed after remand of the case by the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) U/o dt:10.02.1999. In Ex.D.267 which is balance sheet of M/s Sasi Enterprises for the year ending on 31.03.1993 a sum of Rs.2,16,850/- shown to have been received by way of Agricultural Income by the said firm, has been shown under the “Liability” head for the reason that the firm had to pay the amount to the partners. He does not know as to whether the profit and loss account seen in Ex.D.267 was prepared by M/s G.Nataraj Associates. The amount of Rs.8,20,000/- which has been advanced to Nagammal by M/s Sasi Enterprise. Hence there is no specific mention to the repayment of said advance amount in Ex.D. 267, under the head of “Loans and Advances”. In Ex.D.268 which is the certified true copy of the acknowledgement issued by the Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax, Central Circle-II, Chennai for the assessment year 1994-95 the nature of business carried on by the Assessee M/s Sasi Enterprises is mentioned as “, Job Typing, Fax, Copier Services”. In the balance sheet for the year ending on 31.3.1994 of M/s Sasi Enterprises forming part of Ex.D.268, a sum of Rs.10 lakhs is shown as the loans received from Namadhu MGR news paper and another amount of Rs.4 lakhs is show as loan received from Vinod Video Vision. For these loans no interest was paid by M/s Sasi Enterprises. To his knowledge, for the above loans taken by M/s Sasi Enterprises no interest was paid.

M/s Sasi Enterprises had not filed return of income for the Assessment year 1994-95 within time. The Assessing Officer issued notice under Section 148 of I.T. Act requiring M/s Sasi Enterprises to file the returns. Return of income for the Assessment year 1994-95 was filed by M/s Sasi Enterprises on 01.09.1997. He denies the suggestion that along with the return of income M/s Sasi Enterprises had not filed trial balance sheet. After seeing Ex.D.269 he said that a letter dt:03.09.1997 had been issued by the Assessing Officer requiring the Assessee to rectify the defects namely production of trial balance and balance sheet.

In column No.14 of the acknowledgment format (Ex.D.270) the nature of business carried on by M/s Sasi Enterprises is mentioned as Xerox, Job Typing, Fax, Copier, Services, Trade Service and Mercantile Export. Agriculture is not shown as one of the business carried on by M/s Sasi Enterprises, in the said column No.14 of the acknowledgment format. In the receipt and payment account for the year ending on 31.03.195 and forming part of Ex.D.270 it is mentioned that an amount of Rs.23,80,000/- was received by way of advance for sale of property, by the Assessee namely M/s Sasi Enterprises. The said advance was received in respect of Neelakarai property by M/s Sasi Enterprises. In the receipt and payment account referred above a sum of Rs.27,42,869/- is shown as term loan received from Indian Bank during the year ending on 31.03.1995. This loan was obtained for business purpose. In respect of Neelankarai property M/s Sasi Enterprises had entered into agreement of sale. In the said receipt and payment account of sum of Rs.23,37,266.35 paise is shown as payment made towards Neelankarai Construction. In the same document a sum of Rs.10 lakhs is shown as amount returned by M/s Sasi Enterprises to M/s Anjaneya printers Pvt.Ltd. No interest was paid by M/s Sasi Enterprises in respect of the said advance amount of Rs.10 lakhs. In the above document a sum of Rs.2 lakhs is shown as advance given by M/s Sasi Enterprises to M/s J.J. Leasing and Maintenance. For this amount advanced no interest payment was stipulated. AS on 31.03.1996 the above advanced amount of Rs.2 lakhs had not been returned to M/s Sasi Enterprises by M/s J.J.Leasing and Maintenance.

M/s Sasi Enterprises had not filed return of income for the Assessment year 1995-96 within time and thereby a notice was issued by the Assessing Officer on 07.06.1996 under Section 148 of I.T.Act. The return was not submitted even after the said notice and the representative of the Assessee sought for extension of time before the Assessing Officer for filing the said return. The said return of income was submitted on 26.09.1997. In Ex.D.272 which is acknowledgment for the filing of the return of income for the Assessment year 1996-97 by M/s Sasi Enterprises, in column No.14 the nature of business carried on by M/s Sasi Enterprises is mentioned as Xerox, Job Typing, Fax, Copier Services, Trade Service and Mercantile Export. In the receipts and payments account for the year ending on 31.03.1996 a sum of Rs.34,42,000/- is shown as loans received by M/s Sasi Enterprises from the persons mentioned therein. No interest was paid by M/s Sasi Enterprises for the above loan of Rs.34,42,000/- without verifying the relevant records, he could not say whether the said loan amount of Rs.34,42,000/- was repaid by M/s Sasi Enterprises. In the same receipts and payments account a sum of Rs.5 lakhs is shown as advance received from the sale of property. That advance is in respect of the sale of Neelankari property. Without verifying the records he could not say what the sale consideration fixed regarding sale of Nelaknkarai property. He had seen the sale agreement but he has forgotten the amount of sale consideration mentioned therein. In the above document a sum of Rs.25,52,732.37 paisa is shown as payment made in respect of Neelankarai Construction upto 31.03.1996. In the balance sheet for the period ending on 31.03.1996 a sum of Rs.39,87,576/- is shown as repayment of term loan taken from Indian Bank by M/s Sasi Enterprises. In the said balance sheet under the head “Fixed Asset” the amount spent on the construction in Neelankarai Property is shown as Rs.25,52,732.37 paisa.

In Ex.D.273 the date on which the said statement of account issued is not mentioned. Ex.D.274 is the letter issued by Housing and Real estate Development Pvt.Ltd. confirming that a sum of Rs.10 lakhs was due to them as on 31.03.1998 by M/s Sasi Enterprises. The said letter is issued on 01.04.1998. The cheque number is not mentioned either in Ex.D.273 or in Ex.D.274.

The return of income was not submitted by M/s Sasi Enterprises for the Assessment year 1996-97 within time. After the Assessing Officer issued notice under Section 142 of the I.T.Act on 07.02.1997, the said M/s Sasi Enterprises filed the return of income for Assessment year 1996-97 on 26.09.1997 but by typographical mistake the said date is typed as 26.06.1997 in the Assessment Order Ex.D.275.

He was not appointed as auditor for M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. The invoice Ex.D.278 is not signed or initialed by the representative of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd for having received the machine described in the said document. There is no reference to the purchase order if any issued by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. in the invoice Ex.D.276. Said M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd was incorporated under the Companies Act on 14.07.1993. A.2 Sasikala and A.3 Sudagaran were the directors of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd became Assessee of Income Tax only after raid was conducted by Income Tax Department on 24.09.1996. M/s G.Nataraj Associates were the statutory auditors for M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. They were appointed as statutory auditors in the month of September 1996. He was not a partner in M/s Nataraj Associates in the year 1996. There was no change in the memorandum of association of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. He has physically verified the machines in M/S Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd in the year 1995. In the year 1994 M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd took certain machines of M/s Shastri Nuts plates Manufacturers Pvt.Ltd on lease basis. In all 15 machines had been taken on lease basis by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd from M/S Shastry Nuts plates Manufacturers Pvt.Ltd between 1994 and September 1996. He does not remember the lease amount. M/s Anjaneya printers Pvt.Ltd took 3 machines of M/s Jaya Publications on lease basis. The lease period was between 1994 and 1996. He does not remember the lease amount.

The originals of Ex.D.236 to Ex.D.238 have been produced by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd before the I.T.Authorities. He denies the suggestion that the said documents were not produced by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. before I.T. Authorities. There was no written order issued by M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd appointing him for doing internal audit work. A.2 Sasikala orally asked him to do the internal audit work in respect of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. The consolidated balance sheet for the years ending on 31.03.1994, 31.03.1995 and 31.03.1996 is found attached to the acknowledgment Ex.D.277. The date on which the said consolidated balance sheet was prepared and the date on which it was produced before the I.T.Authorities, is not mentioned in the said balance sheet. The said statement was prepared by M/s G.Nataraj Associates Chartered Accountants. He denies the suggestion that special auditor was appointed by the Income Tax Department for auditing the accounts of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd for the reason that the Assessee had not properly maintained the accounts during the block period 01.04.1986 to 24.09.1996. Special auditor came to be appointed after the raid conducted by the Income Tax Department on 24.09.1996.

M/s Metal King is a proprietary concern of A.2 Sasikala. The said concern is registered as a dealer under the Sales Tax Act. A.2 Sasikala who is proprietrix of M/s Metal King is I.T.Assessee. The said M/s Metal King business was started in November 1993 by A.2.

The business under the name M/s Fresh Mushrooms was started by A.2 Sasikala during the financial year 1994- 95, in Ex.D.285 the name of M/s Metal King is not mentioned but the Bank account number written therein is that of M/s Metal King. The abstract of Register D.2 i.e. Assessment Register of Dealers paying Tax on actual monthly turnover for the year 1994-95 is issued by Commercial Tax Authority in respect of M/s Metal King. A.2 Sasikala became Income Tax Assessee in the year 1987-88. Since then she has filed her return of income before I.T.Authorities disclosing her income. Mr.Rajashekaran (PW 228) was her auditor in the year 1987-88. The said Rajashekaran filed I.T.Returns of A.2 Sasikala from the year 1987-88 to 1993-94. He has not filed return of income of A.2 Sasikala.

Under the Order Ex.D.288 dt:07.12.2004 the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal upheld additional ground raised by the Revenue to the effect that CIT (Appeals) erred in holding that a reading of Sec.234-A and Sec.234-B of Income Tax Act would make it clear that once a return is processed under Section 143 (a)(a) and interest under Section 234-A and 234-B is charged that would become final.

M/s Vinod Video Vision was started by A.2 Sasikala in the year 1987.88. A.2 Sasikala had not filed return of income for the Assessment year 1992-93 within time. But it was filed belatedly. According to para 27 of the order Ex.D.291 passed by Commissioner of Income Tax(appeals) Central Circle-II, during the Assessment year 1994-95 the Assessee namely A.2 Sasikala had omitted to mention about the acquisition of the properties referred in the order and also to explain the sources for acquisition, although those properties had been acquired and disposed of during the relevant previous year.

In Ex.D.296 which is a statement of account issued by Housing Real Estates and Development Pvt.Ltd to A.2 the cheque number is not mentioned. It also does not bear the date on which the statement was prepared. The amount shown in Ex.D.296 was taken as loan by A.2 from Housing Real Estate and Development Pvt.Ltd Ex.D.297 which is the statement of account issued by Housing Real Estates and Development Pvt.Ltd in favour of M/s Metal King does not mention the date on which the statement was prepared. The amount mentioned in Ex.D.297 was taken as loan by A.2 as proprietrix of M/s Metal King. No interest was paid by A.2 for the loans taken by her and referred in Ex.D.296 and Ex.D.297. As far as he knows the loans referred Ex.D.296 and Ex.D.297 were not repaid by A.2. The cheque numbers mentioned in Ex.D.297 are not mentioned in Ex.D.299.

Exs.D.300 to Ex.D.302 are not the originals. They are copies of sale agreements. He has not signed the sale agreements indicating that it is he prepared those sale agreements. The originals are with the Assessee i.e., A.2- Sasikala. Copies of the said sale agreements had been produced before the I.T.Authorities during the year 2001 or 2002. Sale deeds were not executed in pursuance of the above sale agreements, as the said property came to be attached in connection with the present case. According to clause NO.2 of Ex.D.300 to Ex.D.302 the sale transaction had to be completed within a period of two years from the date of respective agreements. He does not know whether either of the parties to the above sale agreements Ex.D.300 to Ex.D.302 instituted Civil Suits seeking specific performance of the respective sale agreements. The said sale agreements were not cancelled by A.2 Sasikala. To his knowledge there was no extension of time for the performance of the above agreements. The amounts received as advance under the said sale agreements were not refunded to the prospective purchaser by the vendor.

Kodanadu Tea Estate is a partnership Firm. He does not know as to when the said firm came into the existence. He went through the deed of partnership at the time when the said firm was taken over by A.2 Sasikala, A.3-Sudagaran and A.4 Ilavarasi. As for as he knows A.3 Sudagaran and A.4 Ilavarasi obtained loan of Rs.22 Lakhs each from M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt.Ltd during the month of February or March 1995, in order to take over the above firm Kodanadu Tea Estate. He does not know whether the said loan was repaid by A.3 and 4. He does not know whether any interest was paid to M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt.Ltd by A3 and A4. He does not know whether M/s Barani Beach Resorts Pvt.Ltd confirmed the lending of the above amount in favour A3 and A4.

The advance of Rs.55 lakhs taken by A.2 Sasikala from Riverway Agro.Pvt. Ltd has been confirmed by the latter. A.2 Sasikala being herself a partner of M/s Jaya Publications, she drew Rs.40 lakhs from Namadhu MGR Account. The letter of confirmation from M/s River Way Agro Products Pvt.Ltd is not produced before the Court. But there is an acknowledgement of the receipt of Rs.55 lakhs by A.2 Sasikala from M/s River Way Agro Products Pvt.Ltd in the sale agreement Ex.D.301. The voluntary disclosures of income under Section 65(1) of Finance Act 1997 by A.2 Sasikala was done on 23.12.1997 as per Ex.D.375. The said disclosure of Income was in respect of the Assessment Years of 1995-96 and 1996-97.

The document which is marked as Ex.D.376 issued by Housing and Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd does not make mention of the Cheque number under which Rs.25 lakhs was advanced by them to M/s J. Farm Houses. The document which is marked as Ex.D.377 issued by Housing and Real Estate Developers Pvt. Ltd does not make mention of the cheque number under which Rs.25 lakhs was advanced by them to M/s Green Farm Housing. Ex.D.376 and Ex.D.377 were obtained on 06.07.2013 after the commencement of his examination in chief since the records were with Income Tax Department. Income Tax department can issue copies of those records pertaining to the transaction referred in Ex.D.376 and Ex.D.377. He denies the suggestion that the documents Ex.D.300 to Ex.D.302, Ex.D.375 to Ex.D.379 are all concocted documents. He further denies the suggestion that at no point of time he audited the accounts of A.2 and that he has deposed falsely before court in order to help the accused. He denies the suggestion that none of the persons referred in the applications, which are available in the files marked as Ex.D.230(1) to Ex.D.230(18) made any deposits with Namadhu MGR news paper and that the amounts referred in the said documents actually belong to accused. He further denies the suggestion that he was not appointed as auditor by A.2 or any of her firms.

A.2 Sasikala A.3 Sudagaran and A4 Ilavarasi are partners of M/s J.J.Leasing and Maintenance. The amounts referred in Ex.D.376 and Ex.D.377 has been credited to the respective Bank Accounts of M/s J.Farm Housing and M/s Green Farm House, as could be seen from Ex.P.1207 and Ex.P.1189. The document which is marked as Ex.D.260 at para.3.0 would show that he had represented M/s Sasi Enterprises before the Commissioner of Income Tax(Appeals) Central Circle-II.

DW.89- T. Ananthakrishna has deposed that he was working as a Manager in M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. The said M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. was carrying on business of printing Government School books, posters, brochures, AIADMK Partys posters, books etc.. The said company was operating from No.48, Jawaharlal Nehru Salai, Ekkattu Tangan, Chennai-32. The said premises belonged to M/s. Shastri Nuts, Plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd. Out of 37 machines were owned by M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. 15 machines were taken on hire from Shastri Nuts, Plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd and 3 machines were taken on hire from M/s. Jaya Publications. Ex.D.239 is the certified copy of registered sale deed dated 6.10.1989 executed in favour of M/s. Shastri Nuts Plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd. by Tamil Nadu Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd. in respect of Plot No.48 at Guindy Industrial Estate, Mambalam, Guindy Taluk, Madras District. The said Anjanyea Printers Pvt. Ltd. Is located in this property. The electrical installation in this property stands in the name of M/s. Shastri Nuts, Plate Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd. Investigating Agency did not mark the seized electricity card. The said M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd.owned 3 Swaraj Mazda Vehicles. The said company has not spent any amount towards upholstery or extra fittings for these Swaraj Mazda vehicles. The said Swaraj Mazda vehicles were purchased by the M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. by making payment through cheques. Accused Nos.2 and 3 were Directors of M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. There were 15 machines belonging to M/s. Shastri Nuts Plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd. in the said premises No.48. Of them two were printing machines, three were cutting machines and three were pinning machines. M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt.Ltd. purchased the machines. The said M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. purchased 3 machines from 3 companies names M/s. Uni Offsets, M/s. Amar Enterprises and M/s. Ideal packaging. There was hire agreement between M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd and M/s. Shastri Nuts Plates Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd. with regard to the hiring of machines. Ex.D.236, 237, and 238 are not computer generated copies, they are typed manually. The company seal is not there in the above documents.

DW.90 - E. Jayaraman was working as Manager for Mahasubbulakshmi Kalyana Mandapam, Arumbakam, Chennai since July 1993. The amounts so collected are remitted to the Bank Account of said Kalyana Mandapam, by him. The present rent for 24 hours, is Rs.40,000/- excluding tax of Rs.4,994/-. Apart from the rent, they also collect Rs.15,000/- per day towards maintenance from the customers. If the expenditure towards maintenance exceeds Rs.15,000/-, the extra amount will be collected from the customer. In the year 1993, A3-Sudhakaran paid Rs.10,00,000/- to the outgoing partners of above said Kalyana Mandapam.

During the cross-examination, he states that he did not remember the names of outgoing partners to whom the accused No.3-Sudhakaran paid Rs.10 Lakhs during the year 1993.

DW.91 – Dindugul Srinivasan has deposed that he is a member of AIADMK Party since the year 1972. He was chairman of Dindugul Panchayat Union from 1986 to 1991. He was elected as Member of Parliament from Dindugul Lok-Sabha constituency 4 times. He had contested the said elections as AIADMK Partys candidate. From the year 1987,he was AIADMK Partys District Secretary for Dindugul District for a period of 13 years. He worked as Treasurer of said party from 2002 to 2007. A.1 Jayalalitha has been General Secretary of AIADMK Party. In appreciation of the achievements by AIADMK Party, they used to give mementos made of Gold or Silver to accused No.1. The said mementos were given by them to A.1 in her capacity as General Secretary of AIADMK Party, as a token of their love and affection.

With regard to the said mementos given to the General Secretary of AIADMK Party, he had addressed a letter to the Income Tax Department on 19.03.2003 in the letter head of AIADMK Party. He attached list of mementos which were given to the General Secretary, to the said letter. Attested copy of the said letter dt.19.03.2003 is Ex.D.250 and list of mementos referred above is Ex.D250(A). The said letter and list have been attested as true copy by the chartered accountant. In that letter, they had clarified that the said mementos mentioned in the list belong to AIADMK Party. From the point of view of security, the said mementos had been kept at the official residence of A.1 namely No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai. He also gave his Sworn Statement in this regard before I.T. Authorities explaining the above aspects. The said items do not personally belong to accused No.1.

During the cross-examination he has deposed that his education qualifications are M.A. and M.B.A., AIADMK Partys General Secretary namely A.1 Jayalalitha appointed him as partys District Secretary for Dindugal District in the year 1987. In the year 2002,he was made partys treasurer by accused No.1. Mr.Sedapathi Muttaiah was the partys treasurer during year 1995-96. The said Sedapathi Muttaiah is presently not in AIADMK Party. He is alive. From the year 1981 accused No.1 has been AIADMK Partys General Secretary. There are security personnel in AIADMK Party and they are equipped with modern equipments for security. The names of persons, who contributed for the purchase of mementos referred in Ex.D250(A), have been mentioned on the respective mementos. Those names are not mentioned in Ex.D250(A). In Ex.D250(A) neither the names of the persons who presented mementos to partys General Secretary nor the year in which those mementos were presented, are mentioned. The head office of AIADMK Party is at No.226/275 AVAI Shanmugam Sali, Royapettah, Chennai-600 014. AIADMK Party is income tax Assessee. The accounts of the party are being audited every year. The receipt of mementos referred in Ex.D250(A) are declared in the account submitted by the party to the Income Tax Authorities. He does not remember as to in which years statement submitted to the income tax authorities the receipt of mementos referred in Ex.D205(A) is shown by the party. He does not remember whether the said disclosures were made by the party to the Income Tax Department prior to the year 2003.

No receipts showing purchase of mementos were given along with the mementos by the persons who presented those mementos to the partys General Secretary. In AIADMK Party the registers are maintained in respect of the said mementos and entries are made therein. Thos registers have not been produced either before court or before DV and AC during investigation. No application was given by AIADMK Party prior to 19.03.2003 claiming that the mementos referred in Ex.D.250(A) belong to the party. Even accused No.1 did not give any letter to the I.T.Authorities to the effect that the mementos referred in Ex.D250(A) belong to AIADMK Party. He did not address any letter to accused No.1 stating that the above mementos referred in Ex.D250(A) belong to AIADMK Party and they may be returned to the party.

His Sworn Statement was recorded by the I.T.Authorities during March 2003. He does not remember the date on which my statement was recorded. He voluntarily appeared before the I.T.Authorities and gave that statement. Earlier to 19.03.2003 I.T.Authorities had not summoned him to give confirmation letter. He denies the suggestion that the items referred in Ex.D250(A) personally belong to accused No.1. He denies the suggestion that on account of accused No.1 being Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and also AIADMK Partys General Secretary, he gave the letter as per Ex.D250 and also the list as per Ex.D250(A) to the I.T.Authorities on her direction. He further denies the suggestion that in order to save accused No.1 he has falsely deposed before the court that the above items mentioned in Ex.D250(A) belong to AIADMK Party. He also denies the suggestion that that Ex.D250 and Ex.D250(A) are concocted documents.

DW.92 - P Krishnan was working as Assistant Executive Engineer in Tamil Nadu State PWD from 1971 to 1977. During the months of March-April 1995, the said A.K. Vijayashankar entrusted the construction of building at premises No.1, Murphy Street, Akkarai. The said premise belongs to M/s. J S Housing. The said work was entrusted to him on labour contract basis subject to the condition that the Sand, Bricks and Jelly are to be procured by him. Upto September, 1996, the laying of RCC pillars and roof slab for ground and 1st floor was done. The said building was not completed in the month of September, 1996. He was supervising the construction work at Akkarai. The labour component in the total cost of the construction of the building in premises No.1 Murphy Street, Akkari was about 8 to 8.5 Lakhs. In respect of 1st and 2nd houses, he had given an estimate of Rs.10 Lakhs towards labour cost. In respect of 1st house, the construction was done by him upto 70%, 2nd house to the extent of 40% and in respect of 3rd house, he executed the work up to the level of laying roof slab for ground floor.

DW.93 - Porselvan was working as Assistant Engineer, Tamil Nadu Electricity Board, Alathur (Operations and Maintenance) during 2008. He speaks about supply of electricity for domestic use. He further speaks about application given by one Tmt. S Manimegalai w/o Gangai Amaran seeking service connection to her residential property in S F No.392/2B in Payyanoor village. Upon receipt of application for electrical connection, they hold inspection of the property and prepare an estimate. The Electrical Contractor who is engaged would do the Wiring work and thereafter they hold inspection and evaluate the work.

DW.94 - A. Mohan was working as Superintendent Engineer, PWD, Chennai. He speaks about Ex.D.305 file bearing No. BE.4(2)/1871/1996 pertaining to the constitution of team of experts for evaluating the buildings, by the Chief Engineer, PWD, Chennai.

DW.95–M.Appandarajan has deposed that he was a Civil Engineering Graduate. Hehas rendered 34 years of service in Public Works Department in Tamil Nadu. Out of said 34 years, for a period of 22 years he was involved in the supervision of execution of civil works and preparation of estimates. He retired as Chief Engineer, design, research and construction support for Water Resource Organization (WRO).

He has examined 8 reports pertaining to the valuation of the buildings concerned in the present case. The owners of the properties referred in his report had requested him, during June 2013, to verify the correctness of the valuation reports pertaining to the above properties, and to furnish his opinion in the form of report. He has furnished his report/opinion as per Ex.D306. The said report consists of pages 1 to 45.

For proper evaluation of property the plan of the building, cross section of the building, plinth area of the building, detailed estimate and rate are necessary. Data Book is maintained in respect of standard items. The items which are not covered in the Data Book are called as “non schedule items”. Earlier to the year 2000 there used to be difference of rate of standard items in moffussil areas and city areas. After the year 2000 the rates of standard items are uniform for all the areas.

He has adopted plinth area rates for the evaluation of the buildings, in his report. In the standard rate Data Book prescribed by the State Government, the plinth area rates vary from year to year. He has produced the Plinth Area Rate Books applicable to Chennai and Chengalpattu, MGR District in Tamil Nadu for the year 1993-94, 1994-95 and 1995-96. He has also produced standard Data Book published by Government of Tamil Nadu in the year 1987. The said book is Ex.D307, Ex.D308, Ex.D309 and Ex.D310 are the standard schedule rates for Madras city for the years 1993-94, 1994-95 and 1995-96 respectively. Ex.D311, Ex.D312 and Ex.D313 are the standard schedule rates for Chengalpattu, MGR District for the years 1992-93, 1993-94 and 1995-96 respectively. He also gathered information from the office of Superintending Engineer, PWD, regarding issue rate of cement and steel for the years 1993-94, 1994-95 and 1995-96 under the Right to Information Act, as per Ex.D314, Ex.D315 and Ex.D316 respectively.

For determining the value of Granites he obtained a certificate regarding the rate of Granites from Century Granite, Chennai as per Ex.D317. He also obtained Standard Schedule Rate Book for the year 2012-13, as per Ex.D318. The rate of Granite during the year 1993-94 was more than the rate of Granite in the year of 2012-13.

In the year 1993-94, the rate of Granite was Rs.143/- per Sq.ft. In the year 1994-95, the rate of Granite was between Rs.143/- and Rs.155/- per Sq.ft. During the year 1995-96, the rate of Granite was Rs.155/- to Rs.175/- per Sq.ft. According to him the valuation of property, done by the experts team in the present case is more than the valuation done by him on the basis of plinth area rate. For the valuation of Export Quality Marble he has adopted the rate for Rs.80/- per sq.ft., according to the invoices shown to him by the owners. Adanga Marble is inferior to the Export Quality Marble. The value of Adanga Marble was Rs.23/- per sq.ft. as per the invoices shown to him by the owners. In his report Ex.D306 he has annexed the rate of Marbles and also the methodology of determining the value of the construction. He has given the comparative table in respect of each item of property.

For the year 1993-94 the Government had fixed the Plinth Area Rate of construction as per the document Ex.D380. For the year 1994-95 the Government had fixed the plinth area rate of construction as per Ex.D381. For the year 1995-96 the Government had fixed the plinth area rate of construction as per Ex.D382. He obtained these documents under the Right to Information Act.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that all Engineers who are qualified are entitled to make valuation of property but in connection with a criminal case it is only the Executive Engineer who is competent to make the said valuation. There is a circular issued in this regard. He does not remember the year in which the said circular was issued. It is true that every year the Government would determine Schedule Rates and Plinth Area Rates. Standard Data Book would be revised once in 10 or 15 years. After the year 1987 the Government did not revise Standard Data Book for Tamil Nadu. The Schedule items are covered under the Standard Data Book. But Plinth Area Rates are not covered under Standard Data Book.

After his retirement, he has not registered himself as a Valuer. He was not appointed by a court for making valuation and submitting report. Even Income Tax Department did not appoint him for making valuation and submitting report. During the 1st week of June 2013 the owners orally requested him to verify the valuation report submitted in this case and furnish his opinion. Thereafter he started his work and obtained certain documents from Government. He has not maintained any register of his customers. After retirement the present assignment was the 1st accepted by him.

He visited the buildings concerned in this case. He does not remember the date on which he inspected the property. The inspection was done on one day. He did not verify the title deeds pertaining to the properties, but the owners representatives were present during his visit. He prepared the report Ex.D306 on 2.7.2013 but the date is not mentioned in that document.

The person who had issued Ex.D308 to Ex.D313 has not put his signature or official seal to authenticate those documents. The Public Information Officer issued Ex.D314 to Ex.D316 on his application dt.19.06.2013 and sent those documents to him under covering letter. He has produced that covering letter as per Ex.D383. The defence counsel had obtained the copies of documents which are marked as Ex.D314 to Ex.D316, earlier under Right to Information Act. He used those documents for doing his job and later he also applied for the copies of same documents under the Right to Information Act and the information officer issued documents Ex.D314 to Ex.D316 under his attestation on 06.05.2013. The proprietor of Century Granites who had issued EX.D317 has not attached a certificate or other document to show that he is registered trader of all types of Marbles and Granites. He gave his opinion on the request made by the owners of the property. He denies the suggestion that the valuation done by the expert team appointed in the present case is correct and proper. He also denies the suggestion that he has deposed falsely before the Court with a view to help the accused. He further denies the suggestion that he is not competent to issue a report as per Ex.D306. He also denies the suggestion that the documents which produced by him before court are all concocted documents.

DW.96–K.M.Samy @ Madasamy has deposed that in order to show his identity he has brought his passport bearing No.G-1953349 before the Court. In the year 1995-96,He was doing the business of importing Marbles, Cutting Polishing and Trading in the name and style of New Diamond Granite Exports along with two other persons in partnership. He has brought copy of the deed of partnership dt.04.04.1996 as per Ex.D319. During the year 1995-96,their firm had supplied Marbles to Accused No.1 Jayalalitha. The said supply was effected against Cheque payment. They were transported from Mumbai to Hyderabad by road through a Lorry.

In the year 1999, the I.T.Authorities had enquired him. They came to his factory for enquiry. They also served him with summons. Copy thereof is available in Volume No.3 of the income tax records produced before the Court by the Department. He identifies the said summons as Ex.D320. When the I.T.Authorities enquired him in his factory with regard to the Marbles supplied by him to A.1, he gave a letter dt.20.03.1999, addressed to Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, Chennai. In Ex.D210, he identifies Ex.D210(a) as copy of the said letter dt.20.03.1999 addressed by him to the Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax, Chennai. In the said letter,he has given the details of the bills under which the Marbles were supplied to A.1, the value of the Marbles supplied under each bill and also the number of pieces and the measurements thereof. The I.T.Authorities checked his firms books of account namely Invoices, Chalans, Debtors Ledger, Sales Register and Stock Register. In Ex.D210 he identifies Ex.D210(b), (c), (d), (e), (f) and (g), as copies of Invoices pertaining to the Marbles supplied by their firm to A.1 Jayalalitha. He also identifies Ex.D210(h), (i), (j), (k), (l) and (m) as the corresponding delivery chalans and Ex.D210(n), (o) and (p) as the corresponding Lorry receipts pertaining to the supply of Marbles to accused No.1. He also identifies Ex.D210(q) as statement of account pertaining to the above supply of Marbles done during the year 1995-96 to accused No.1. He identifies his signature appearing therein. In the same income tax record he identifies Ex.D210(r) as copy of the quotation given by him. With regard to supplies made by their firm to other purchasers, he was enquired by the I.T.Authorities. He produced Invoices pertaining to the supplies made to other purchasers also. He identifies Ex.D210(s), (t) and (u) as copies of invoices pertaining to the supply of Marbles made by their firm to D.D.Shah, M.N.Gandhi and Laxman Luthani. In Volume No.3 of income tax records produced before court he identifies Ex.D321 to Ex.D324 as copies of the invoices pertaining to supply of Marbles made by their firm to Deepti Jewellers, Swaraz Holding Pvt. Ltd., Venkatachalam and Indian Marble Traders made during the year 1996. There is negligible difference with regard to rate of Marbles supplied to A.1 and the Marbles supplied by their firm to the above mentioned purchasers. The I.T.Authorities recorded his Sworn Statement.

In Mumbai there is another Marble supplier namely M/s.Simplex Enterprises. He was not sure whether the said Simplex Enterprises is presently doing business in Marbles. M/s.Elegant Marbles in Mumbai are Retail Traders in Marbles. Their firm referred above imports Marbles from foreign countries and carried on the work of cutting, polishing etc., as per requirements in their factory. Sometimes they do local purchase also. In their firms dealings no cash transactions are involved.

During the cross-examination, he has deposed that his partnership namely M/s. New Diamond Granite Exports was registered in the year 1993 at Mumbai. He does not remember the registration number of the said firm. One Architect along with a Trader visited his place at Mumbai in connection with supply of Marbles to A.1. The said Architect and the Trader who accompanied him selected the items at his business place. No written purchase order was placed by them with him for supply of Marbles. The said persons who selected the Marble Slab signed on the Marble Slab itself. They did not give him a list of items which were to be supplied. In the summons Ex.D230 issued to him by the Income Tax Department, he was required to furnish the rate per sq.ft. for various imported Marble Slabs quality wise prevailing during the financial year 1994-95, 1995-96 and 1996-97. He furnished them the rates of different varieties of Marbles prevailing during the 1999 as per Ex.D210(r). He had no difficulty for providing the rates for the year 1994-95, 1995-96 and 1996-97.

In respect of the Marbles supplied by him to A.1 – Jayalalitha the payment was made through Cheque. He has given the particulars of the said Cheque in the accounts furnished to the Income Tax Department. He has not brought copy of the said account statement before this court. He has also not brought his Bank passbook containing entry regarding realization of those Cheques. There is no difficulty for him to produce the said account statement before this court.

He had visited M/s. Simplex Enterprises and M/s Elegant Marbles Mumbai. He had supplied Marbles to the said M/s.Elegant Marbles. Hewas not sure whether he had also supplied Marbles to M/s.Simplex Enterprises. He has got the document to show that he had supplied Marbles to M/s.Elegant Marbles. Ex.D319 does not bear the seal and signature of the Registrar of Firms. He denies the suggestion that he was not a partner of M/s.New Diamond Granite Exports, Mumbai. He further denies the suggestion that he has deposed falsely with a view to help the accused. He denies the suggestion that at no point of time accused purchased Marbles from him. He also denies the suggestion that he gave false statement before the I.T.Authorities. The rate of Marbles at Mumbai and at Chennai are not the same. During transportation of Marbles from Mumbai to Chennai there is risk of breakage apart from multi point taxation. Normally the purchaser will bear the transportation charges. He denies the suggestion that Ex.D319 is a concocted document.

DW.97- A. Vijaya Kumar was working as Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax Central Circle-II (2), Chennai. He speaks about the sworn statements of Mr. Palani Chami, Mr.Gandhi Rajan, Mr. Prince Thangavel, Mr. Sundara Pandiyan, Mr.Gopiraj, Mr. Dhanamurthy, Mr. D. Mohan, Mr. Mohd. Ibrahim, Mr. Madurai Kannu, N Selvam, Thotta Tharani. The above documents were considered by the assessing officers while passing the assessment order. In the proceedings before the High Court, there is no stay order granted.

DW.98- A Shivakumar was working as Manager-Programs and Business Promotions in J. Jay TV Company in 1994. His job was designing the television programs of J. Jay TV, fixing advertisement Tariffs and attending Bank Transactions.A2-Sasikala, A3-Sudhakaran and V. Baskaran were the partners of the said J. Jay TV Company. A sum of Rs.38,21,000/- was pad as onetime payment for the user of the above portion of No.31-A, Poes Garden. Ex.D.295 is the Bank Statement pertaining to J. Jay TV and others, and as per this document, the outstanding balance as on 30.04.1996 in the account of J. Jay TV was Rs.1,06,76,010/-

During the cross-examination, it is elicited that A2 and A3 are the Directors and V.Bhaskaran is the Managing Director of the said company. An amount of Rs.38,2.1,000/- was paid to accused No.1 by J. Jay TV, part of the said amount was paid in cash and part of the said amount was paid through cheque.

DW.99 - G Sambandam is the Deputy Superintendent of Police, DV and AC, Chennai. He speaks about the acceptance of the final report as per Ex.D.372 by the Prl. Sessions and Special Judge, Chennai.

8. The finding of the trial Court reads as under:

In the trial Court, the prosecution has examined P.Ws.1 to 259. Exs.P.1 to P.2341 were marked. MOs.1 to 1606 were marked. The defence has examined DWs.1 to 98. Exs.D.1 to D.384 were marked. The Court has marked three documents, i.e. Exs.C.1 to C.3. The third party has marked Exs.X.1 to X.25.

The trial Court at paragraph-9 of the judgment has observed that criminal law was set into motion against A-1 by PW.232- Dr.Subramanian Swamy, the then President of Janata Dal. He lodged a complaint before the Court of Principal Sessions Judge, Madras, on 14.06.1996 under Section 200 of Cr.P.C. It is alleged that A-1 after assuming the Office of the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu acquired properties and earned income disproportionate to her known source of income. Wealth declared during 1989-90 was nil. It increased to Rs.1.89 crore in 1990-91; to Rs. 2.60 crore in 1991-92; to Rs.5.82 crore in 1992-93; to Rs.91.33 crore in 1993-94, Rs.38.21 crore during 1994-95. A-1 was receiving only one rupee per month towards her salary as Chief Minister. The complaint was registered as Crl.M.P.No.3238/1996. The learned Special Judge recorded the sworn statement of the complainant vide order dated 21.06.1996. He directed investigation under Section 17 of the Prevention of Corruption Act and under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. PW-240- Tmt.Letika Saran, Senior Police Officer, Madras, investigated the matter and collected necessary materials in a fair and impartial manner and submitted report to the Court within a period of two months.

When the inquiry was in progress, A-1 and A-2 challenged the order of the Principal Sessions Judge, Madras, before the High Court of Madras in Crl.P. No.5755/1996. Vide order dated 14.08.1996, the investigation was stayed. Subsequently, vide order dated 4.9.1996, the High Court of Madras directed the Director of Vigilance and Anti Corruption (for short “DV and AC"), Madras, to take steps to investigate into the allegations made in the complaint in accordance with law by any person of his choice. That on 7.9.1996, the Director of Vigilance and Anti Corruption, Chennai, (PW.241 - V.C.Perumal) directed PW.259- Sri.Nallamma Naidu, Additional Superintendent of Police, DVAC, to investigate the case. PW.241- V.C.Perumal registered FIR against A-1 on 18.9.1996 as per Ex.P.2266 in Crime No.13/AC/96/HQ under Section 13 (2) read with Section 13 (1)(e) of Prevention of Corruption Act.

PW.259 took up further investigation, secured search warrant, conducted search of residential premises of A-1 situated at Nos.36 and 31-A and other locations, seized voluminous documents and material objects, recorded the statements of large number of witnesses. The incriminating evidence collected during the investigation reveals the complicity of A-2 to A-4 for the alleged offences. PW.259 made an application to the Special Judge on 22.01.1997 as per Ex.P.2316 for adding A-2 to A-4 as co-accused in the crime. PW.259 laid charge sheet against all the accused on 4.6.1997 which came to be registered as Spl.C.C.No.7/1997 on the file of IX Additional Sessions Judge, Chennai.

Paragraph-12 of the impugned judgment relates to the charges. It is mentioned that A-1 being a public servant along with A-2 to A-4 were parties to a criminal conspiracy with the object of acquiring and possessing pecuniary resources of income to the extent of Rs.66,65,20,395/- in the name of A-1 and in the names of you A-2 to A-4 and in the names of A-2 to A-4 and in the names of 32 business enterprises floated in the names of A-2 to A-4. That A-2 to A-4 abetted A-1 by holding a substantial portion of pecuniary resources and properties in their names. Thereby, A-1 to A-4 committed offences punishable under Section 120B of the Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) read with Section 13(1)(e) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

A-1 acquired and possessed in her name and in the names of A-2 to A-4 pecuniary resources and properties disproportionate to her known sources of income to the extent of Rs.66,65,20,395/-. Thereby A1 committed offences punishable under Section 13(2) read with Section 13(1)(e) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. A-2 to A-4 in pursuance of the criminal conspiracy, during the said period, abetted A-1 who was a public servant by intentionally aiding her in the possession of pecuniary resources and properties disproportionate to her known sources of income, for which he could not satisfactorily account, by holding a substantial portion of the said pecuniary resources and properties in their names and in the names of the business enterprises floated in their names and thereby A-2 to A-4 committed offences punishable under Section 109 of the Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(2) read with Section 13(1)(e) of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. The accused denied the charges and claimed to be tried.

313 statement of the accused were recorded.

Vide judgment dated 18.11.2003 in Transfer Petition (Criminal) Nos.77-78/2003, the Honble Supreme Court of India transferred the case to the State of Karnataka. The Government of Karnataka established a Special Court at Bangalore to try the cases against A-1 to A-4. Spl.C.C.No.7/1997 was renumbered as Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 and Spl.C.C.No.2/2001 was renumbered as Spl.C.C.No.209/2004.

Vide order dated 22.1.2010, Spl. Leave Petition Nos.3829-3830/2005 were disposed of as withdrawn. In terms of this order, Spl.C.C.No.209/2004 was de-linked. Spl.C.C.No.208/2004 was continued.

While examining A-2 under Section 313 of Cr.P.C., A-2 sought for copies of unmarked and unexhibited documents filed under Sections 207 and 243(2) of Cr.P.C in I.A.No.711. This application was rejected. Against rejection of I.A.No.711, Crl.P.No.1840/2012 was preferred before this Court and the same came to be dismissed. Aggrieved by the same, Crl.A.No.1497/2012 was preferred before the Honble Supreme Court and the Apex Court permitted for inspection of unmarked and exhibited documents referred in I.A.711/2012. A-3 and A-4 were also granted permission to inspect the documents. A-3, A- 4 were examined under Section 313 of the Cr.P.C. and written statement was filed by A-3. A-4 has not filed any written statement.

Accused moved an application under Section 91 of Cr.P.C. seeking to summon the documents and records listed in the application from the Income Tax Department and Registrar of Companies.

The Honble Supreme Court of India disposed of Writ Petition (Crl.) No.166/2013 vide order dated 30.9.2013 holding that the order of removal of Sri Bhavani Singh is a product of malafides and the impugned order is not sustainable in the eye of law and quashed the same.

The trial Court at paragraph 33.2 has observed that W.P.No.14644/1997 preferred by A-1 before the High Court of Madras came to be dismissed with an observation that “a perusal of sanction proceedings themselves would show that the Governor of Tamil Nadu had independently applied her mind to every aspect of the material and had granted sanction.” Further, the Honble High Court has held in the said order that, “the impugned sanction proceedings to prosecute A-1 cannot be challenged in view of the Constitutional immunity provided under Article 361 of the Constitution, besides holding that, Her Excellency, the Governor of Tamil Nadu is the competent authority to sanction the prosecution and the proceedings are in no way vitiated or suffer with any illegality.” The trial Court held that sanction for prosecution of A-1 is valid.

A-1 approached this Court under Section 482 of Cr.P.C. seeking to quash the criminal proceedings initiated against her in Crl.P.No.79/2010. Crl.P.No.79/2010 along with Misc.(Crl).731/2010 was dismissed vide order dated 10.3.2010. Aggrieved by the same, A-1 preferred SLP No.2248/2010 which was dismissed. In view of the above order, the objection regarding the alleged illegality in taking the cognizance deserves to be dismissed as barred by the principle of estoppels.

In the written statement filed by A-1, A-1 has taken up a plea that the statements of about 300 witnesses were recorded during the course of enquiry under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. The statements of 300 witnesses ought to have formed part of the documents supplied to the Court along with Final Report under Section 173(5)(b) of the Cr.P.C.

The trial Court at paragraph 34.9 has observed that the accused do no dispute that the inquiry initiated in Crl.M.P.No.3238/1996 under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. was merged with Spl.C.C.No.7/1997 as per the orders dated 26.6.1997 passed by the XI Additional Judge/Spl.Judge, Chennai-1. It has come in evidence that pursuant to the orders passed by the Principal Sessions Judge, P.W.259 conducted the investigation in both the proceedings simultaneously and submitted the charge sheet on 4.6.1997. The report of the inquiry was submitted to the Court on 17.6.1997 and is marked as Ex.P.2320. In the cross-examination of P.W.259 at para-29, it is elicited that the documents produced before the Chennai Metropolitan Principal Sessions Judge were sent to the Special Court which means that all the documents collected by PW.259 during the inquiry under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. were forwarded to the Court. Therefore, the contention of the learned counsel for the accused that the documents which were collected during inquiry under Section 202 of Cr.P.C. were not made part of the final report is factually incorrect. Even accepting for the sake of argument that the material collected during the inquiry under Section 202 is relied on by PW.241 for the purpose of registering the FIR, it cannot be considered as material irregularity much less an illegality which has the effect of nullifying the trial.

The trial Court at paragraph 35.17 of the judgment has observed in the case in hand, it is proved in evidence, PW.259 was initially authorized by PW.240 as required under II Proviso to Section 17 of the Act as per Ex.P.2265. This authorization was in force until PW.241 issued authorization as per Exs.P.2308 and P.2309. It was argued by the learned counsel for A-1 that authorisations-Exs.P.2308 and P.2309 were got up later. There is nothing in the evidence to indicate that Exs.P.2308 and P.2309 were fabricated by PW.259. Accused did not recall PW.241 to confront the above documents so as to impeach the testimony of PW.259. The prosecution has marked 14 authorizations issued by PW.241 under Sections 17 and 18 of the Prevention of Corruption Act as per Exs.P.2267 to P.2271 and Ex.P.2272 series. It is important to note that the copies of all these authorizations are marked to Tr.N.Nallamma Naidu and to the Principal Sessions and Special Judge, Chennai. If PW.241 had not appointed Tr.Nallamma Naidu as Investigating Officer as now sought to be contended, there was no necessity for PW.241 to mark the copies of these authorizations to PW.259. This is one of the strong circumstances to indicate that PW.241 had issued the authorizations to PW.259 as contended by the prosecution.

It is also necessary to note that Ex.P.2308 is dated 18.09.1996 and it is issued by PW.241 under his signature in exercise of the powers conferred under second proviso to Section 17 of the Act. Ex.P.2309 is also dated 18.9.1996 and it is issued in exercise of the powers under Section 18 of the Act. Both these documents are signed and dated by PW.241 whose signatures tally with his signatures found in Exs.P.2267 and P.2272. The reasons for issuance of the authorizations are clearly spelt out in Exs.P.2308 and P.2309. All these circumstances therefore lead to the definite conclusion that, these authorizations were issued by PW.241 in fulfillment of the requirement of Sections 17 and 18 of the Act.

In appreciating evidence, it is relevant to note that the chief-examination of PW.241 was recorded on 17.8.2000 and he was cross-examined on 29.1.2003 and by then, A-1 had assumed the Office of the Chief Minister. It is seen from the records that there were serious allegations of subversion of justice which lead to transfer of the case to the State of Karnataka. The change of stance of PW.241 during the cross-examination has to be understood in this background. A reading of the crossexamination of PW.241 undoubtedly indicate that PW.241 has buckled under pressure and has disowned his own testimony and denied the documents executed by him in his official capacity. In any case, the hostile testimony given by PW.1 in this regard being inconsistent to the facts established by the prosecution and the unimpeachable documentary evidence produced before the Court, the above portion of the testimony of PW.241 does not lead to the conclusion that PW.259 had no authorization to conduct the investigation as contended by the accused. Thus, on cumulative consideration of the testimony of PW.240, PW.241 and PW.259 coupled with the documentary evidence discussed above, I do not have any hesitation to hold that PW.259 was duly authorized to investigate the offence as per Sections 17 and 18 of the Act and the said authorizations are in accordance with the provisions of Sections 17 and 18 of the Act.

The trial Court at paragraph 36.4 has observed that the accused were even examined under Section 313 of the Cr.P.C. before the transfer of the case to the State of Karnataka in 2003 and the accused did not even raise a little finger complaining any ambiguity in the charge. On the other hand after the transfer of the case, the accused themselves have examined as many as 99 witnesses and have produced voluminous documents in support of their defence which include documents relating to the properties standing in the names of the 32 firms or companies named in the charge sheet making it evident that they were posted with all necessary particulars regarding the name and constitution of the firms/companies. In the course of putting questions to the accused in their examination under Section 313 before the Bangalore Court, all the necessary information regarding the allegations which constitute the basis for the above charges have been conveyed. More importantly, A-1 to A-3 have filed detailed statement under Section 243(1), wherein, the accused have taken specific defence in respect of each items of Annexures – I to VII including the properties standing in the name of the firms and companies. Therefore, I do not find any propriety on the part of the accused now to contend that they are misled by the charges framed by the Court by not furnishing the details of the 32 firms/companies.

The trial Court at paragraph 36.5 has observed that viewed from another angle, the wordings of the charge on the face of it give a clear indication of the acts committed by the accused during the check period pursuant to the alleged criminal conspiracy and abetment i.e. the acquisition and possession of assets either in their names or in the name of the firms or company. There may be some dispute as to whether the companies were floated by any of the accused as alleged by the prosecution as the evidence indicate that all these companies were incorporated earlier to the check period. But the charge having been framed on the basis of the accusations contained in the charge sheet and the accompanying documents the correctness of the charge cannot be challenged on that count. The charge as framed indicates that, there was only one object of the conspiracy and that was to acquire assets for and on behalf of A-1. The argument of the learned counsel that the dominant object of the conspiracy was not within the knowledge of A-3 and A-4 as most of the properties were purchased by them subsequent to 1994, does not alter the nature of the charge. The particulars as to time, place and the nature of the offence is clearly spelt out in the charge as required under Section 212 and the name of the offence with reference to the provisions of the statute is also stated therein in compliance with the requirements of Section 213 of the Code. There is no requirement under law to specify the individual instances of acquisitions or the modus-operandi adopted by the accused to effectuate the conspiracy. Moreover, the nature of the offence is such that all the particulars of the transactions as sought for by the accused cannot be furnished in the charge. When conspiracy is alleged, act of one conspirator becomes the act of the other. Therefore, there is no necessity to specify the individual properties or assets held by the individual accused. The charge as framed informs the accused not only the offence for which he or she is proposed to be tried but also refers to the acquisitions made by them in the manner stated in the charge during the check period pursuant to the conspiracy in furtherance of the same transaction. Therefore the argument of the learned counsel that the charge in question is misleading and is contrary to the provisions of the code cannot be accepted.

The trial Court at paragraph 36.6 of the judgment has observed that the above argument appears to have canvassed by misreading the charge and on the erroneous assumption that the prosecution case is based on the premise that the assets of non public servant are attributed to the public servant. But it is not so. The assets of the non public servant are not attributed to A-1 as contended by the learned counsel, rather the case of the prosecution is that, all the acquisitions made by the accused during the check period in their names either in their individual capacity or as partners of the firms or Directors of the Company are the disproportionate assets of A-1. The accused have very well understood the charge in this manner and have let in evidence in disproof of this charge. This is evident from the conduct of the accused right from the date of framing the charge i.e., 06.10.1997 till the conclusion of arguments, the accused did not raise any objection regarding charge either before this court or before the High Court or the Supreme Court even though the matter has traveled to the superior courts umpteen number of times during the last 16 years. All these circumstance go to show that there has been no defect in the charge and the accused were not subjected to any prejudice as now sought to be contended.

The trial Court at paragraph 36.7 of the judgment has observed that it is not the defence of the accused that they were not constituents of any of the 32 firms or the companies at any point of time. If the accused were not involved in any of the firms or the companies listed in the charge sheet, accused would have been justified in contending that they are seriously prejudiced by the charge as framed. The very fact accused have taken up a specious plea that they have already resigned from the directorship of the companies and therefore, they are not liable to answer the acquisitions made in the name of the respective companies, there is no basis or justification for the accused to contend that by not specifying the name of the firms or the company they are disadvantaged or prejudiced in their defence. This argument suffers from inherent contradictions apart from being contrary to the facts of the case.

The trial Court at paragraph 36.8 of the judgment has observed that the whole object of the charge is to inform both the prosecution and the accused particularly, of the accusation the prosecution has to establish and the accused has to meet. So long as the accused knows fully the accusation he has to meet, any error in the narrative of the charge does not become fatal to the trial. Section 215 of the Code saves the trial from being vitiated unless of course the accused has been prejudiced and failure of justice has taken place. In the instant case accused have not been able to point out any such instance or circumstance which could be termed as ‘prejudice leading to miscarriage of justice. Therefore viewed from any angle, I do find any reason to uphold the contention urged in this regard.

The trial Court at paragraph 36.9 of the judgment has held that the charges framed against the accused are in accordance with the requirement of the Code and do not suffer from any vice or illegality as contended by the accused. By the said charges the accused are clearly informed about the offence for which they are tried and the necessary facts constituting the offence under Sections 109, 120-B of the Indian Penal Code read with Section 13(1)(e) read with Section 13(2) of the Prevention of Corruption Act have been conveyed to them and accused have not only understood the charge but have availed full opportunity to defend them. For all these reasons the objection raised in this regard is hereby rejected.

The trial Court at paragraph 37.6 of the judgment observed that merely because the properties in question are registered in the name of some Companies cannot be a ground to hold that the inclusion of the said properties as the assets of the accused is contrary to law or procedure as sought to be contended.

The trial Court at paragraph 37.8 of the judgment has observed that it is trite law that jurisdiction of the criminal Court extends over crime and the criminal. The question of trying the Company or its Director would arise only if the offence is alleged to have been committed by the Company or its Directors rendering them liable for prosecution. In the instant case, there is no allegation of any offence being committed by the Companies. The prosecution is launched on the basis of the accusation that, A-2 to A-4 have floated these companies in order to facilitate the acquisition and possession of properties for and on behalf of A-1. If the prosecution is able to establish that the said acquisitions were made solely and exclusively by A-2 to A-4, without any involvement of the Companies, without the funds of the companies and that the properties in question were never treated as the properties of the said Companies, there is no reason why the Companies should be made parties to the prosecution merely because accused used the name of the Companies as a cover or camouflage to justify the wrongs committed by them. The doctrine of lifting the corporate veil would come into play in such circumstances. Whether the prosecution would be able to prove this aspect of the case and whether the evidence on record is sufficient to record a finding in this regard is a different matter altogether. As long as the prosecution case is rested on the allegations that A-2 to A-4 acquired the properties in question in the name of the Companies, in my opinion, the said Companies do not require to be made parties to the prosecution launched against A-2 to A-4. For example, if a public servant enters into a conspiracy with a non-public servant to acquire illegal assets and the non-public servant acquires the property and registers it in the name of his or her minor nephew, the said minor need not be made a party to the criminal proceedings launched against public servant, unless the beneficiary thereof is also accused of abetment or conspiracy.

The trial Court at paragraph 37.9 of the judgment observed that the argument of the learned Counsel that in the event of the criminal court ultimately deciding to pass an order for forfeiture of the properties it would impinge upon the Constitutional right of the Companies guaranteed under Art. 300A of the Constitution is misconceived, premature and without any substance. The provisions of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 1944 provides for effective remedy to third parties whose properties are attached in connection with prosecution of the offence under the Act. It is borne on record that all the companies named in the charge sheet have taken recourse to the provisions of Sec.5 of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 1944 and an adverse order has been passed against the companies holding that the properties involved in this proceedings standing in the name of the respective companies are not acquired out of the lawful resources of the companies and the consideration paid thereon do not represent the funds of the said companies. In this context it is pertinent to refer to another decision of the Honble Supreme Court of India in the case of Biswanath Bhattacharya vs. Union of India, AIR 2014 S.C. 1003 wherein, it is held, “If a subject acquires property by means which are not legally approved sovereign would be perfect and justified to deprive such persons of the enjoyment of such ill-gotten wealth. There is a public interest in ensuring the persons who cannot establish that they have legitimate sources to acquire the assets held by them do not enjoy such wealth.” In the light of the above factual and legal position, the contention urged by the accused in this regard is liable to be rejected and is accordingly rejected.

The trial Court at paragraph 38 of the judgment has observed that coming to the last contention urged by the learned counsel for the accused that the proceedings were launched against them out of political vendetta at the instance of the political opponent of A-1 is concerned, it should be noted that this contention is already rejected by the Honble Supreme Court of India while dealing with the Transfer petition No.77-78 of 2003. Observing that the said argument is an argument of despair, the Honble Supreme Court has held in the order dated 18.11.2003 that “In a democracy, the political opponents play an important role both inside and outside the House. They are the watchdogs of the Government in power. It will be their effective weapon to counter the misdeeds and mischievous of the Government in power. They are the mouthpiece to ventilate the grievances of the public at large, if genuinely and unbiasedly projected. In that view of the matter, being a political opponent, the petitioner is vitally interested party in the run of the Government or in the administration of criminal justice in the State.”

The trial Court at paragraph 39 of the judgment has dealt with charges and points for consideration. The points for consideration are as under:

1. Whether the prosecution proves beyond all reasonable doubt that A-1, being a public servant acquired and possessed in her name and in the names of A-2 to A-4 and in the names of business enterprises floated in their names, pecuniary resources and assets of the value of Rs.66,65,20,395/- disproportionate to her known source of income during the check period from 01.07.1991 and 30.04.1996, which she could not satisfactorily account?

2. Whether the prosecution further proves beyond reasonable doubt that A-1 to 4 were parties to a criminal conspiracy with the object of acquiring and possessing pecuniary resources and assets to the extent of Rs.66,65,20,395/- in the names of A-1 and in the names of A-2 to 4 and the 32 business enterprises floated in the names of A-2 to 4 and thereby committed the offence punishable u/Sec. 120-B of Indian Penal Code R/w. Sec.13 (2) R/w. Sec. 13 (1) (e) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988?

3. Whether the prosecution further proves beyond all reasonable doubt that A-2 to A-4 abetted the commission of the above offence by intentionally aiding A-1 in the acquisition and possession of pecuniary resources and properties disproportionate to her known source of income by holding substantial portion thereof in their names and in the names of 32 business enterprises floated in the names of A-2 to A-4, rendering them liable for conviction for the offence punishable u/Sec. 109 Indian Penal Code R/w. Sec. 13(2) R/w. Sec.13(1)(e) of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988?

4. What order?

The trial Court at paragraph 42 of the judgment has dealt with the check period. The check period is from 1.7.1991 to 30.4.1997.

The trial Court at paragraph 42.2 of the judgment has observed that In the instant case, the prosecution has placed before the Court the details of all the assets and properties held by the accused right from the year 1970 and has taken into account the income derived from these properties in the form of rentals, interest from deposits, agricultural income etc., in order to enable the court to have a fair view of the controversy seized by the Court. There is no argument from any quarters that the choice of the check period has caused any prejudice or disadvantage to the accused in any manner. Hence, in my view, the period of 5 years selected by the prosecution is reasonably sufficient to give a fair and comprehensive picture of the known source of income and pecuniary resources and property in the possession of the accused so to arrive at a fair decision on the issues involved in these proceedings.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 43 of the judgment has dealt with the assets of the accused at the commencement of the check period and has re-produced Annexure-I marked as Ex.P.2327.

ANNEXURE – I

(ASSETS AS ON 1.7.1991)

Sl. NoDescription of the propertyStanding in the name ofValue of the property (Rs.)
1Land and building at No. 36, Poes Garden Chennai-86 (Sy. No. 1567 Of Tenampet)purchased from R. SaralaM/s Natya Kala Nikethan, rep. by Tmt. N.R. Sandhya and Selvi J. Jayalalitha1,32,009.00
2Door No. 8/3/1099, Ward No. 8, Block No. 3 in plot No. 36 to the extent of 651.18Sq. Mtrs.building in Sri Nagar Officers Colony,Hyderabad City purchased from Koka Sambasiva Rao, S/o Hariprakash Rao at Door No. 8/3/1099 in Sri Nagar Officers Colony, Hyderabad city.

,,

50,000.00
3Two Farm houses, Servant quarters and other buildings within the Grape garden compound in Jeedimetla village and Pet Basheerbad in Qut Bullapur (Mandal) of Ranga Reddy Dist., in Sy. No. 50 and 52/E of Jeedimetla village and Sy. No. 93E and 93 U of Pet Basheerbad village (Total extent 11.35 acres)

,,

1,65,058.50
4Land in Sy. No. 93/3 to the extent of 3.15 acres (1.36 Hectares) at Pet Basheerbad village in Medchal Tq. in A-P.,,,13,254.50
5Agricultural land measuring 3.43 acres in Cheyyhur village in Sy. No. 366/2,5,6 purchased from M.N. Venkatachala Mudaliar, S/o Natesa Mudaliar, No. 1046/8, Thiruvotriyur Main Road, Kaladipettai, Chennai.Selvi J. Jayalalitha17,060.00
6Land and flat No. 7, R.R. Flats, 3/4 , Antu Street, Santhome, Chennai-4 of Smt N. SasikalaC – Rs. 2,75,000/-S – Rs. 35,750/-F – Rs. 2,780/-Tmt. N. Sasikala3,13,530.00
7Building at Door No. 19, Pattammal Street, Chennai in Plot No. 83, R.S. No. 4087, Extent 18907 Sq. ft. purchased from V.H. Subramanian, S/o H. Venkatasubban,15, Venkatraman Street, Srinivasa Avenue, Chennai-28M/s Jaya Publications (Selvi J. Jayalaitha and Tmt. N. Sasikala)5,70,039.00
8Shop No. 14, Ground Floor at 602, Anna Salai, Chennai-6 purchased from Mohd. Hanif, No. 7, Gulam Abbas Ali Khan, 1st Street,ThouslandLights, Chennai-6 in the name of M/s Sasi EnterprisesC – Rs. 85,000/-S – Rs. 13,045/-F – Rs.859/-M/s Sasi Enterprises98,904.00
9Undivided share of land only at Door No. 14, Khadar Navaz Khan Road, Nungambakkam in R.S. No. 58/51 to the extent of 68/12000 undivided share in 11 grounds and 736 Sq. ft. of land purchased from M/s Holiday Sports Pvt. Ltd., office at 14, Khadar Navaz Khan Road, Chennai-6

,,

2,10,919.00
10Land and building at Door No. 213/B, St. Marys Road in Sy. NO. 72, New No. 212, Extent 1206 Sq.ft. Ft. purchased from K. Selvaraj, S/o Munusamy Naidu, 44, Vanniyampathy Street, Mandaveli, Chennai-28Selvi J. Jayalalitha3,60,509.00
11Shop No. 18 of 189 Sq. ft. in ground floor at Door No. 602, Mount Road together with 54/42656th of undivided share of land in 17 grounds and 1856 Sq. ft. in R. S. No. 3/10 and 3/11 of Block No. 71 of Mylapore purchased from Mustafa M. Lohani, S/o Moiz K. Lohani and 2 others of 134, Angappan Naikan Sreet, 3rd Floor, Chennai-1

,,

1,05,409.00
12Land and building at Tanjore in Sy. No. 1091 to the extent of 2400 Sq. Ft. purchased from V.N. Somasundaram, S/o V. Namachiayam, 14, Thilagar Street, Ayyappa Nagar, Trichy.M/s Sasi Enterprises (partners– Selvi J. Jayalalitha and Smt N. Sasikala)1,57,125.00
13Vacant site at H.D.Road, in 3rd Dvn. 6th Ward, Haar Nombu Chavadi in Tanjore to the extent of 5100 Sq. ft. in T.S. No.1091 purchased fromK Loganathan, S/o K.N.Kuppusamyof1279,Old Nellu Mettu St. East Gate,Tanjore.M/s Sasi Enterprises1,15,315.00
14Vacant site at Ward No. 6 in Mahar Nombu Chavadi to the extent of 8970 Sq. ft. in T.S. No. 1091 of Tanjore purchased from Muthu Lakshmi, W/o V.N. Somasundaram of No. 11 Thilagara Street, Ayyappan Nagar, Trichy.

,,

2,02,778.00
15Land and building at Abishekapuram, Ponnagar in Trichy in plot No. 102, 3rd Cross Road, New Ward No. K in Block No. 30, T.S. No. 107 (totally measuring 3525 Sq. ft. purchased from Mirasi of 22-A Willion Road, Cantonment, Trichy.Tmt. N. Sasikala5,85,420.00
16Dry land to the extent of 3.23 acres in Sy. No. 402-2 of Sundarakottai village, Mannargudi Tq. Tanjore Dist., purchased from Ummool Pajriya Ammal, W/o Anwartheen Raouthar, Naina Mohd. Raouthar, S/o Anwardeen Raouthar, No. 4, Hussain Road, Koothannallore, Needamangalm, Tanjore.M/s Sasi Enterprises75,210.00
17Land and building at Thiru Vi. KA-Industrial Estate, Guindy in Sy. Publications No. 55 and 56, Block No. VI, Extent 5658 Sq. ft. Shed No. C-8, Adyar purchased from K. Viswanathan, S/o S.K.R. Karuppan Chettiar, 184, Vembuliamman Koil Street, Union Carbide Colony, Kottivakkam, Chennai-41 – Sole prop. of M/s Heatex EquipmentsM/s Jaya5,28,039.00
18Maruthi car bearing Reg. No. TMA 2466 (new)Selvi J. Jayalalitha60,435.00
19Contessa car bearing Reg. No. TN-09/0033

,,

2,56,238.00
20Swaraj Mazda van bearing Reg. No. TSI 9090

,,

1,76,172.67
21Trax jeep bearing Reg. No. TSJ 7299

,,

1,04,000.00
22Swaraj Mazda van bearing Reg. No. TSR 333

,,

2,99,845.00
23Trax jeep bearing Reg. No. TSJ 7200

,,

1,04,000.00
24Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank at Kellys branch with SB Acc. No. 38746 opened on 30.12.1988 in the name of Tmt. N. SasikalaTmt. N. Sasikala13,601.98
25Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Central Bank of India, Secunderabad with SB Acc. No. 20614 opened on 19.5.1989 in the name of Selvi J. JayalalithaSelvi J. Jayalalitha9,18,210.29
26Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank of Mylapore branch with CA No. 1952 opened on 23.10.1989 in the name of Namadhu MGR in which Selvi J. Jayalalitha and Tmt. N. Sasikala are partnersNamadhu MGR5,51,826.94
27Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank of Mylapore branch with SB Acc. No. 23218 opened on 23.5.1990 in the name of Tmt. N. SasikalaTmt. N. Sasikala1,40,198.25
28Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank of Mylapore branch with CA No. 2047 opened on 26.9.1990 on transfer from Kellys branch in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha and Tmt. N. SasikalaM/s Jaya Publications rep. by Selvi J. Jayalalitha and Tmt. N. Sasikala7,83,860.97
29F.D. No. 451/1990, dt. 19.6.1990 with Canara Bank of Mylapore

,,

64,520.00
30Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in the Bank of Madurai, Anna Nagar branch with SB Acc. No. 5158 opened on 28.2.1990 in the name of Selvi J. JayalalithaSelvi J. Jayalalitha2,57,886.25
31Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank of Mylapore branch with CA No. 2018 opened on 12.10.1990 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha

,,

2,40,835.02
32Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank of Mylapore branch with SB Acc. No. 23832 opened on 16.4.1991 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha

,,

5,20,396.45
 Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in Canara Bank of Mylapore branch with CA No. 2061 opened on 21.3.1991 in the name of Sasi Enterprises in which both Selvi J. Jayalalitha and Tmt. N. Sasikala are the partnersM/s Sasi Enterprises2,29,578.49
34FD in Kothari Oriental Finance in the name of Selvi J. JayalalithaSelvi J. Jayalalitha1,00,000.00
35

,,

,,

,,

36

,,

,,

,,

37FD with Sriram Finance in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha

,,

3,00,000.00
38

,,

,,

5,00,000.00
39

,,

,,

20,00,000.00
40

,,

,,

7,00,000.00
41Investment in the form of Equity shares in Madras Oxygen and Acetylene Co., Ltd., Coimbatore by J. Jayalalithas mother during 1969 and 1971and inherited by Selvi J. Jayalalitha

,,

 
42Investment in the form of shares in Kunal Engineering Co., Ltd., Ambattur, Madras-58 by Selvi J. Jayalalitha on 22.5.1978 for 1000 shares which have secured 500 bonus shares on 18.2.1983

,,

 
43Value of 2140 old sarees and other dresses found at No. 36, Poes Garden at the time of search

,,

4,21,870.00
4486 items of jewels of Selvi J. Jayalalitha as evaluated by M/s VBC Trust on 31.3.1991

,,

17,50,031.00
4562 items of jewels claimed to be of Tmt. N.Sasikala as evaluated by M/s VBC Trust on 31.3.1991Tmt. N. Sasikala9,38,460.00
46Silver wear weighing 700 kgs (as per the IT returns filed by Selvi J. Jayalalitha) (value worked out at the rate of Rs. 4,000/- per kg.)Selvi J. Jayalalitha28,00,000.00
47Amount deposited in MIDS No. 716767, dt. 30.4.1990 of Bank of Madurai, Anna Nagar for 2 years by Selvi J. Jayalalitha which was in force as on 1.7.1991

,,

10,00,000.00
48Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in CDS – ITP Acc. No. 32 of Selvi J. Jayalalitha in Central Bank of India, T. Nagar branch, Chennai-17.

,,

21,389.00
49FD of Rs. 5 lakh deposited in Sriram Investments Ltd., deposited on 12.11.1990 by Selvi J. Jayalalitha from her SB Acc. No. 5158 o BOM, Anna Nagar branch which after subsequent renewals is to mature on 29.1.1998.

,,

5,00,000.00
50Advance amount paid for purchase of 72/12000 undivided share of land in 11 grounds and 1736 Sq. ft. in R.S. No. 58/5 at 14, Gems Court, Kadhar Navaz Khan Road, Nungumbakkam, paid by Ch. No. 513735, dt. 23.4.1990 of CB, Madras whichwas registered as document No. 641/1993 of SRO, Thousand Lights branch, dt. 28.7.1993)M/s Sasi Enterprises50,000.00
51MIDR No. 66/9 with Central Bank of India, Secunderabad deposited on 2.5.1990Selvi J. Jayalalitha3,00,000.00
52Cash balance as on 1.7.1991 in SB Acc. No. 38671 of Canara Bank, Kellys in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha

,,

1,80,031.22

Grand Total

2,01,83,956.53
 
A bare perusal of Annexure-I indicates that the prosecution has furnished the details of the properties inherited by A-1 from her deceased mother N.R. Sandhya and also the properties acquired by her prior to the check period either in her individual name or in partnership with A-2. Annexure-I also contains the list of movables and the value thereof and cash balance in her bank account as on 01.07.1991 including the value of the gold and silver articles. These particulars indicate that A-1 was possessed with substantial means even before the check period. It is also relevant to note that the value of the immovable property is determined on the basis of the actual consideration shown in the respective deeds and not on the basis of the market value of the properties as on the date of the Charge Sheet. Hence, the accused cannot have any grouse regarding the valuation of these assets as stated in Annexure-I.

However, in her written statement A-1 has taken up a plea that the very same investigating agency had registered another case against A-1 and A-2 in Cr.No.14/AC/97/HQ, wherein, the very same investigating officer PW.259 had computed the value of the total assets at Rs.2,64,26,295.13 and therefore, the difference of Rs.62,42,338.60 should be added to the total value of the assets possessed by her at the beginning of the check period.A-2 in her written statement has taken up a plea that the number of jewellery shown in item No.45 should be 96 instead of 62. Further, she has contended that, in the Final Report filed by D.V. and A-C. in the earlier complaint, the amount available with A-2 was shown as Rs.9,35,000/-. The opening cash balance available was at Rs.5,69,014/-. Hence, the cash on hand amounting to Rs.15,14,014/- ought to have been included in Annexure- I.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 43.5 of the judgment has observed that it is really shocking to note that the Dy.S.P. of DV and AC., who is the complainant in this case has given evidence on behalf of the accused. Though it is submitted that, the D.V. and A-C. has produced the above documents pursuant to the summons issued by the Court, it is surprising to note that, the D.V. and A.C has produced only the xerox copy of the order said to have been passed by the Spl. Judge, Chennai dt. 24.01.2005 in Cr.No.14/AC/97/HQ (R.C.63/97/ Misc/HQ) knowing fully well that xerox copy is inadmissible in evidence. It is marked as Ex.D.373. By the said order, the Spl. Judge is seen to have accepted the final Report and closed the case on 24.01.2005. I fail to understand why the certified copies of these documents could not have been produced by the accused, instead of summoning DW.99, when it is the case of the accused that the complaint registered against A-1 and A-2 at the instance of the D.V. and A.C. came to be closed by orders of the court.

Be that it may, based on the Final Report Ex.D.372, the learned Counsel for A-1 has now put forth a contention that the very same investigating officer, having submitted a report to the effect that, A-1 and A-2 were in possession of total assets of Rs.2,64,26,295.13 as on 30.01.1991 this figure ought to have been taken into account for the purpose of fixing the value of the assets held by the accused at the commencement of the check period. I am not inclined to accept this argument for the following reasons:

i) From the documents produced before the Court, it cannot be known whether the very same Final Report now marked as D.372 was produced before the Court.

ii) The contents of the Final Report submitted u/Sec. 173 Cr.P.C. cannot be taken as a conclusive proof of the correctness of the facts stated therein. Ex.D.372 is only the opinion of the investigating officer. It is not legal evidence.

iii) From the reading of Ex.D.373 it cannot be gathered that, the Spl. Judge has closed Cr.No.14/AC/97/HQ based on the very same report Ex.D.372 as contended by the accused.

iv) The accused have not produced any independent evidence to show that A-1 and A-2 were in possession of any other assets and pecuniary resources than those described in Annexure-I.

v) According to DW.99, Cr.No.14/AC/97/HQ relates to the check period between 01.09.1988 and 30.01.1991. Whereas, the check period in the instant case commences from 1.7.1991. Unless it is shown that all the assets and pecuniary resources referred in Ex.D.372 were available in the same form and condition till 1.7.1991, the above plea cannot be accepted. In this context it is pertinent to note that in her written statement filed u/Sec. 313 Cr.P.C., A-1 has contended that the variation in the items of jewellery is on account of remaking of old jewellery into new patterns. This statementimplies that the subject matter of Ex.D.372 were not available in the same form and extent as on 1-7-1991. That apart, accused have not produced any independent evidence to show that they were in possession of cash and other items of property as on 1.7.91 as claimed by A-2.

Therefore, for want of necessary material in proof of the above contention, we have to proceed on the basis that at the commencement of the check period as on 1.7.1991, the total value of the assets and pecuniary resources found in the possession of A-1 and A-2 is of the value of Rs.2,01,83,956.53 as described in Annexure-I. The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 44 of the judgment has dealt with the income of the accused and at paragraph 45 of the judgment has dealt with the objections of the accused.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 45 of the judgment has observed that A-1 has taken up a plea during her examination u/Sec. 313 Cr.P.C. and in the written statement filed u/Sec. 243(1) Cr.P.C. that the following income has not been taken into account by the prosecution, viz.:

(a) Cash on handRs.8,56,365/-
(b) Advance for purchase of Maruti GypsyRs. 2,00,000/-
(c) Advance for 31-A Poes GardenRs. 1,00,000/-
 
Further, she has contended that, while computing the income by way of interest during the check period, D.V. and A.C. has not taken into account the large amounts received by her by way of interest amounting to Rs.78,20,657/- as per her Income Tax returns filed and accepted by the Department.

45.1) A-1 has further contended that she owned for a long time a grape garden at Hyderabad purchased by her in 1968. It had large number of grape vines fully grown and yielding, besides a large number of fruit bearing trees. She had been receiving and declaring the income from the same in her Income Tax returns even before the check period which was duly accepted by the Department.

45.2) Nextly, it is contended that, during her birthdays, AIADMK Party cadres, out of respect and admiration, used to give presents by way of cash and drafts. On her 44th birthday in February 1992, she received a total amount of Rs.2,15,00,012/- (Rupees Two Crores Fifteen Lakhs and Twelve) by way of gifts. Besides the above, a foreign remittance of Rs.77,52,591/- was also received by her.5.3) A-2 Sasikala has taken up specific plea regarding the income received by her during the check period as under:

1. Loans availed from Indian bank:-

Item No.ParticularsAmount of loan availedAvailed by
1Loan from Indian Bank, Abirampuram25,00,000Sasi Enterprises
2Loan from Indian Bank, Abirampuram28,00,000J. Farm House
3Loan from Indian Bank, Abirampuram7,00,000J S Housing Development
4Loan from Indian Bank, Abirampuram5,00,000Jay Real Estate
5Loan from Indian Bank, Abirampuram75,00,000M/s. Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd.,
8Loan from Indian Bank, Abirampuram3,75,00,000Kodanadu Tea Estate
9Loan fron Indian Bank, Abirampuram1,00,00,000M/s. J. Jay T.V. Pvt. Ltd.
 

Interest income from Bank/ Financial Institutions:

S.No.ParticularsAmountIncome of
30Interest income from Central Bank of India, Secunderabad27,304.00V.K.Sasikala
37Interest income from Canara Bank Mylapore vide S.B.-232181,89,761.00V.K.Sasikala
38Interest income from Canara Bank Mylapore Vide FDRNo.718/92,954/92,1 397/92,236/93, 633/93, 868/932,57,118.00V.K.Sasikala
39Interest in come from Canfin for FDR No.189/91-9210,03,191.00V.K.Sasikala
40Rental income for the house at No.16, Radhika Colony, Secunderabad2,23,000.00V.K.Sasikala
41Interest income from Canara Bank, Kellys Vide SB A/c. No.387463,901.00V.K.Sasikala
 
3. Rental income from properties let out:-
S.No.ParticularsAmountIncome of
53Rental income from 57, Ganapathy Colony, TVK Indl. Estate, Guindy.37,67,358.00Jaya Publications
54Rental income from House at No.19, Pattammal Street, Mandaiveli2,33,769.00Jaya Publications
55Rental income from House at No.21, Padmanabha Street, T. Nagar3,82,500.00M/s. Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd.,
57Rental income from House At No.1,MurphyStreet, Akkarai91,000.00J.S. Housing Development
58Rental income from Flat No.7, Anthu Street, Santhome1,94,000.00v.K.Sasikala
59Rental income from shop at No.14, Khadar Nawaz Khan Road, Nungambakkam2,70,900.00Sasi Enterprises
61Rental income from Shop No.9, Khadar Nawaz Khan Road, Numbambakkam2,01,000.00Sasi Enterprises
62Rental income from shop at No.8, Khadar Nawaz Khan Road, Numbambakkam.2,01,000.00Sasi Enterprises
 
4. Income from business operations of the firms/ companies :-

It is further contended by A-2 that, the D.V. and A.C. has intentionally taken all efforts to include assets not related to her in order to boost the total value of assets as that belonging to her and other associates who have been made co-accused in the case, but has not included income that accrued to her. According to her,she has been doing business and earning income from several businesses which include M/s. Jaya Publications, M/s. Sasi Enterprises, M/s. Fresh Mushrooms, Dr. Namadhu MGR, M/s. Fax Universal, M/s. Metal King, M/s. Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd., The D.V. and A-C. has included the value of the assets standing in the name of firms / Companies like Jaya Publications (including Dr. Namadhu MGR), Kodanadu Tea Estate, Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd., Sasi Enterprises (C.A-No.1044) J. Jay T.V. Pvt. Ltd., Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., Metal King (C.A-No. 1245) Vinod Video Vision etc., but has intentionally not included the income from these entities.

i) In her written statement she had detailed the income received by her from the above firms as under:

Loans

Sl. No.ParticularsAmountIncome of
1Loan from Housing and Real Estate Development Pvt. Ltd.,25,00,000.00Green Farm House Partner: V.K.Sasikala-
2Loan from Housing and Real Estate Development Pvt. Ltd.,25,00,000.00J. Farm House Partner:V.K.Sasikala-
3Source from Mr. Krishnan, Chennai17,62,738.00J.FarmHouse Partner:V.K.Sasikala
 
ii)Advance received from M/s. Bharani Beach Resorts Pvt. Ltd., on 17.02.1995Rs.22 lakhs.
iii)Income from M/s. Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd.,Rs.53,49,634/-
 
The learned Sessions Judge has dealt with the income from Grape Garden at paragraph-46 of the judgment.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 46.1 has observed that A-1 has claimed that the total agricultural income received by her from the grape garden situate in Hyderabad is Rs.52,50,000/-. Hence, it is necessary to resolve the controversy by examining the material produced before the Court by both the parties.

46.2) In support of its case, the prosecution has examined PW.165, 166 and 256 and has relied on Ex.X-23 and Ex.P.938. PW.165 Tmt. K.R. Latha, is the Horticultural Officer in the office of the Asst. Director of Horticulture, Rangareddy District in Andhra Pradesh. According to this witness, as per the directions of the Asst. Director of Horticulture, on 10.12.1996 she proceeded to a garden at J.D.Metla in Rangareddy District belonging to A-1 along with the Horticulture Officer Sri. Sanjay Kumar. The Dy.S.P. Vigilance and Anti Corruption, Chennai, by name Kadireshan (PW.256) was also present and in his presence sheinspected the Horticultural crops raised in the said garden. There were two varieties of grapes raised in the said garden viz., Anab-E-Shahi and seedless variety. The first type of grapes were found cultivated in 3.02 acres. She could find 580 plants. The space occupied for raising the said variety of grape for each crop was 15 x 15 feet. She saw 1266 plants of seedless grapes in 1.84 acres. The space occupied for raising the said variety was 7.5 x 8 feet. Apart from the grape vine, she saw crops such as guava in 96 numbers in 0.89 acres and vegetable crops such as bitter-gourd, coccinea, brinjal and other cucurbits. Along the path ways and boundaries coconut trees and pomegranate, banana, sitaphal, papaya trees and some roses were seen. She furnished the above details to the Asst. Director as well as to PW.256. She further deposed that she was in the garden for two days for the purpose of inspection. Apart from the plants, two buildings, one old and a new building were also found in the property.

46.3) In the cross-examination it is elicited that PW.165 was directed to inspect the garden by Mr. P. Kondareddi, the Asst. Director. In the cross-examination she identified the requisition given to the Asst. Director as per Ex.X-23. It is further elicited that neither PW.165 nor Sanjay Kumar gave any notice to the occupants. However, it is elicited that there were 2 or 3 workers in the garden during her visit. It is alsoelicited that the garden is surrounded by a compound wall and one could gain entry only through a gate. When it was specifically suggested to PW.165 that agricultural crops are different from horticultural crops, the witness answered that raising coconut crops and vegetable crops are horticultural crops. It is further elicited that the entire extent of the garden was 16 acres and during their visit, they did not seek the help of the Sarpanch. The garden was identified by PW.256. During their inspection, they did not refer any revenue records. She reiterated in the cross-examination that in her report she has given the particulars of the vegetables and the plants observed by her.

46.4) PW.166 P. Kondareddy, the Asst. Director of Horticulture has corroborated the testimony of PW.165 stating that on 9.12.1996, PW.256 visited his office with the requisition to inspect the garden belonging to A-1 situated at J.D.Metla village. After getting oral permission from his superior officers, he deputed two Horticultural Officers to make the inspection and after receiving the report from them, he also visited the said garden. He worked out the details regarding the cost of raising the crops, gross and net income for raising the grapes and submitted the report to the Director of Horticulture as per Ex.P.938. In his chief-examination, this witness specifically deposed that he is competent to assess the fixing of unit cost for raising various cropsincluding grapes. He further stated that, as an Asst. Director of Horticulture, his duty was to supervise the work done by horticulture officers, preparation of project reports and also to prepare the assessment report for compensation to be paid to the farmers. He used to follow NABARDs norm fixed for commercial fruit crops. From his experience, he can also assess the cost of cultivation, gross, net income of seedless variety and anab-e-shahi variety of grapes. According to this witness, the age of the seeded crop variety found in the garden was 15 years and the age of the seedless variety was four years. By adopting NABARD norms the cost of the cultivation and yield was assessed by him. The total income of seeded variety for the above period 1991- 96 was Rs.3,82,420/- and for the seedless variety from 1993 to 96, the net income was Rs.2,18,960/-. He further deposed that he assessed liberally for arriving at the above calculation.

46.5) In the cross-examination it is brought out that he did not enclose the inspection report of Tr. Sanjay Kumar and Latha with the copy of Ex.P.938 given to the police and that he produced Ex.P.938 before the Court during his examination-in-chief. It is further elicited that he furnished Ex.P.938 evaluation on the basis of the inspection report filed by PW.165 and Sanjay Kumar, but he has not mentioned about his personal inspection in Ex.P.938. It is also elicited that his evaluations are only approximate and probable one, subject to higher or lower variations. It is also elicited that he did not record any statement of the local people and his evaluation is confined to grape vines only. He denied the suggestion that, he prepared the report only to suit the police, but reiterated that he prepared his report on the basis of the report prepared by Latha and Sanjay Kumar.

46.6) PW.256 R. Kadireshan has deposed that on 10.12.1996 as per his request, PW.165 and Sanjay Kumar estimated the value of the produce of the vine yard. In the cross-examination, it is elicited that during the course of investigation he had gathered information as to how much income is generated through grape cultivation. It is also elicited that vineyard is surrounded by profusely yielding coconut trees and vegetables were also cultivated there. He made enquiries with ten people who worked and lived there. Further, to manage the grape cultivation, Manager and his assistants were residing in the vine yard and he inspected the accounts of the income and expenditure, but did not seize those records. The photographs of the vineyard and the buildings at Hyderabad were taken by the officials belonging to the Police Department.

46.7) The learned Counsel for the A-1 has strongly assailed the testimony of the above witnesses contending that the report Ex.P.938 is not worthy of acceptance. It was not enclosed with the final report. PW.166 has admitted that he produced the said report on the date of his examination before the Court on 25.05.2000 and there is no explanation by the prosecution as to why the said report was not produced along with the Charge Sheet. That apart, PW.166 has admitted in the cross-examination that the evaluation made by him are only approximate and probable and therefore, the report submitted by this witness even if accepted cannot be treated as the report of an expert to determine either the cost of the grape produce or the age of the plants. Likewise, the testimony of PW.165 also cannot be given any credence as the prosecution has not produced the report purported to have been submitted by her to PW.166.

46.8) In support of the contention urged by A-1 that the agricultural income derived by her from the grape garden is more than the amount computed by the investigating agency, the learned Counsel has placed reliance on the income tax returns submitted by A-1 for the year 1987-88 to 1992-93, and has emphatically submitted that the assessing officer had accepted the return of agricultural income submitted by A-1 and had finalized the assessment u/Sec. 143(3) of the Income Tax Act by accepting the agricultural income for the year 1992- 93 at Rs. 9,50,000/-. It is the submission of the learned Counsel that, though at the instance of D.V. and A-C., the said assessment was reopened in the year 1998 and the assessing officer by his order dt. 28.03.2000 determined the agricultural income for the year 1992-93 at Rs.5,63,440/-, the appeals preferred by A-1 ultimately came to be allowed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal holding that the reopening of the assessment was unjustified, as a result, the income returned by the A-1 for the assessment year 1992-93 at Rs.9,50,000/- stood accepted by the Income Tax Authorities. The learned Counsel further submitted that in respect of the assessment year 1993-94, for some fault of the auditor, the return was not filed, but in respect of the assessment year 1994-95, 1995-96, 1996-97 returns were filed by A-1 as per Ex.P.2173, 2175, 2176 and the agricultural income declared therein has been accepted by the Income Tax Authorities by force of the order of the Appellate Tribunal in Ex.D.64 and hence this Court is required to accept the findings of the Tribunal holding that the total agricultural income derived by A-1 from the grape garden at Jeedi Metla, Hyderabad during the check period is Rs.52,50,000/-.

47. I have carefully considered the submissions made at the Bar and have thoroughly scrutinized the oral and documentary evidence produced by the parties and have also gone through the orders passed by the Income Tax Authorities on the question of the agricultural income of A-1. In so far as the extent of the agricultural land owned by A-1, there is no controversy. It is borne on record that, A-1 had inherited 14.50 acres of land at Jeedi Metla, Hyderabad as described in item Nos.3 and 4 of Annexure-I. It is also not in dispute that A-1 had raised a grape garden in the said property. It is borne on record that, in the month of November, 1992 A-1 filed returns for the assessment year 1987-88 to 1992-93 wherein, A-1 declared the estimated agricultural income as under:

Assessment YearEstimated Agricultural income
1987-88Rs.4,80,000
1988-89Rs.5,50,000
1989-90Rs.7,00,000
1990-91Rs.8,00,000
1991-92Rs.9,00,000
1992-93Rs.9,50,000
 
47.1) The assessing officer finalized the assessment and accepted the returned agricultural income declared by A-1 and the assessment orders came to be passed as per Ex.P.2123 (A/y.1987-88), Ex.P.2127 (A/Y. 1988-89) Ex.P.2131 (Assessment year 1989-90), Ex.P.2135 (A/y. 1990-91) Ex.P.2139 (A/y. 1992-93). The assessment details are as under:
AssessmentYearDate of filing the returns /total income returnedDate of assessment of order/assessed Total IncomeReturned agri. Income/Assessed agri. Income.
1987-8813.11.1992Rs.26,85023.12.1994Rs.9,29,080Rs.4,80,000Rs.4,80,000
1988-8913.11.1992Rs.38,91023.11.1994Rs.21,29,243Rs.5,50,000Rs.5,50,000
1989-9016.11.1992Rs.25,20013.12.1995 Rs.30,97,075Rs.7,00,000Rs.7,00,000
1990-9120.11.1992Rs.86,8602.3.1995Rs.1,27,59,040Rs.8,00,000Rs.8,00,000
1991-9220.11.1992Rs.4,48,66030.3.1994Rs.80,65,250Rs.9,00,000Rs.9,00,000
1992-9323.11.1992Rs.6,64,52821.3.1995Rs.2,18,37,350Rs.9,50,000Rs.9,50,000
 
The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 47.9 of the judgment has observed that It is trite law that, the criminal case has to be decided on the basis of the evidence produced before the Court and not on the basis of the findings recorded by the Income Tax Authorities. I will be dealing with the relevancy and admissibility of the assessment orders and the Income Tax proceedings while considering the objections raised by the accused in relation to other issues. For the present, I am of the firm view that the orders passed by the Income Tax Authorities, relied on by A-1 cannot be taken as conclusive proof of the factum of cultivation and the income derived by A-1 from her grape garden located at Jeedi Metla, Hyderabad. Even otherwise, whatever evidentiary value attached to the Income Tax returns relied on by the accused is seen to have been taken away by the action taken by the income tax Authority by reopening the assessment on the ground that the finalization of the assessment for the year 1987 - 88 to 1992-93 was without any verification. Though ultimately the Tribunal has held that reopening of the assessment is bad, yet the fact remains that there was no inquiry into the disputed issue. It is an admitted fact that no documentary evidence was produced by the assessee before the Income Tax Authorities to support the claim. Even before this court A-1 has not produced any reliable and acceptable evidence in support of her claim.

47.10) From the maze of evidence produced before the Court, we are left with only the conflicting evidence which cannot be reconciled with each other. The evidence produced by the prosecution in proof of the above fact is not at all satisfactory as PW.166 has unequivocally admitted in his evidence that he based his reports on the notes of inspection submitted by PW.165. The said notes of inspection are not produced before the Court. PW.165 has conceded that she did not take the assistance of the Sarpanch and did not refer to any revenue or survey records. If so, it is not known as to how she could measure the extent of the area used for cultivation of each variety of grapes with accuracy as deposed by her. There is no clear and definite evidence regarding the specific extent used for the cultivation of grapes and for other crops. PW.166 has also admitted that the original report was not produced along with the Charge Sheet and both the witnesses admit that they did not serve any notice to the occupants of the garden at the time of inspecting the lands in question. PW.256 has unequivocally stated that, he inspected the account books and took photographs of the garden which are not produced before the Court. These documents would have thrown light on the true state of facts. More importantly, the basis on which the yield is determined and their price is calculated by PW.166 is also shrouded with suspicion. PW.166 states that he applied NABARD method. But without there being specific evidence with regard to the quantity of the yield and the rate applicable to the produce at the relevant point of time, the report marked through PW.166 becomes unreliable.

47.11) The evidence produced by A-1 is also equally vague and ambiguous. A-1 having sought to enhance the agricultural income is obligated to produce reliable and acceptable evidence in support of her claim. But unfortunately, the only evidence on which A-1 has sought to sustain the claim for the higher valuation of the agricultural income are the Income Tax returns which have minimal evidentiary value in determining the extent of cultivation, quantum of produce, cost of cultivation and the price fetched by A-1 during the relevant years. Undisputedly, these aspects are solely within the knowledge of A-1. But, A-1 has failed to produce the best evidence available in her possession, instead, has sought to justify her claim on the basis of the assessment orders which were admittedly passed on the basis of best judgment assessment without any verification. It is not the case of A-1 that she has been personally cultivating these lands. A-1 is a resident of Chennai and the grape garden is located in Andhra Pradesh. Naturally, A-1 might have been getting the land cultivated through workers and labourers who would have been the best witnesses to speak about the cost of cultivation and the quantum of the yield and the price prevalent at the relevant point of time. The learned counsel for the accused has also not suggested to any of the prosecution witnesses that the land is question has the potentialities of yielding the income as claimed by the accused. Apart from failing to produce any direct evidence on her part A1 has also failed to bring on record any circumstance in the evidence of the prosecution justifying her claim. As a result there is no worthwhile evidence to accept the claim of A-1.

47.12) Nonetheless, it cannot be denied that, A-1 has been holding 14½ acres of agricultural land wherein, she has been growing grapes. Prosecution has proceeded on the basis that grape garden is being grown in the said lands. The certified copies of the pahanis produced in evidence at Ex.P.2251 to P.2258 also corroborate the contention of the accused that, grapes are grown in the said property. Therefore, merely because A-1 has failed to produce documentary evidence in proof of the produce collected by her during the check period and the price prevalent at the relevant time, her entire claim cannot be rejected. Therefore, taking into consideration the common facts observed in the above reports that about 10 acres of land was being used for cultivation of grapes at the relevant point of time and having regard to the likely cost of cultivation and the fluctuating price prevalent during the check period, I am of the view that, it would be reasonable to estimate the income from the grape garden at Rs.20,000/- per acre per annum and thus, the total agricultural income from the cultivation of the grape garden would be Rs.2 lakhs per annum i.e., Rs.10 lakhs for five years during the check period. In view of this finding, the agricultural income of A-1 from the grape garden is enhanced to Rs.10 lakhs from Rs.5,78,340/- adding the difference of Rs.4,21,660/- to item No.33.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 48 of the judgment deals with Gifts. On 44th Birthday of A-1, out of reverence and expression of love and loyalty, the party workers presented her with gifts by way of cash and drafts amounting to Rs.2,15,00,012/- and foreign remittance of Rs.77,52,059/-.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 48.11 of the judgment has observed that in paragraph 49 of chief-examination of DW.64, he has stated thus:

“The Central Bureau of Investigation initiated criminal proceedings against A-1 Jayalalitha regarding the above gift items. The action of the C.B.I. in initiating those proceedings against A-1 Jayalalitha was challenged by A-1 Jayalalitha before Madras High Court in a Crl. Petition filed used 482 of Cr.P.C. The said Crl. Proceedings came to be quashed in entirety by the Madras High Court.”

In the cross-examination of DW.64, it is elicited that the Income Tax returns for the assessment year 1991-92 to 1995-96 of A-1 were filed by her previous tax consultant viz., R. Rajsekhar, PW.228. The said Rajsekhar had also filed wealth tax returns of A-1 for the above assessment years. From the above cross-examination, it can be gathered that, DW.64 is not acquainted with the true facts of the case and he is incompetent to speak about the alleged gifts received by A-1 or the Income Tax returns said to have been filed by her, as he was not the auditor of A-1 at the relevant point of time.

48.14) It is observed in Ex.P.2145 that “the returns claiming birthday presents were not filed in the respective assessment years but long after. The extent of birthday presents received by her during the previous year or in the subsequent years is still not known. For the first four years, assessment year 1987-88 to assessment year 1990-91 cash presents are conspicuous by their absence. Again, in the first three years, it is jewellery and only jewellery. No cash, No DDs”. Therefore, considering all these facts and the long delays in filing the returns, the Commissioner held that A-1 has not satisfactorily discharged the onus of proving the receipts as birthday presents. It is noted therein that except the assessees word, there was no other material in proof of the receipt of the large amount claimed by A-1 as gifts and presents. Thus, the Commissioner of the Income Tax PW.215 recorded a finding that the monies and assets representing the presents and assets would constitute the appellants income from undisclosed sources within the meaning of Sec.69 and Sec.69-A of Income Tax Act.

In the cross-examination of PW.215, it is elicited that, aggrieved by the above order, A-1 preferred an appeal before the Tribunal II and it is still pending. It is also brought out that the wealth tax returns were filed by her on 13.11.1992 and the wealth declared by her for the relevant years are as under;

1988-89Rs.53,86,200/-
1989-90Rs. 80,17,700/-
1990-91Rs.1,88,75,400/-
1991-92Rs.2,60,55,750/-
1992-93Rs. 5,81,94,815/-
 
48.15) It is now well settled that, the receipt of money or pecuniary resources in order to qualify as “income” within the meaning of Sec. 13 (1) (e) of the Act, as observed in the case of State of Madhya Pradesh vs. Awadh Kishore Gupta, “qua the public servant, the income would be what is attached to his office or post, commonly known as remuneration or salary”. In the very same decision it is explained that though “income” is receipt in the hands of its recipient, every receipt would not partake the character of income. A receipt from windfall, or gains of graft, crime or immoral secretions by persons prima facie would not be receipt from the “known source of income” of a public servant.

48.16) Though the receipt of birthday presents by themselves may not amount to windfall or immoral secretions, but in the facts of the present case, when A-1 claims to have received huge sum of Rs.2 crores and foreign remittance as presents and gifts after she assumed the office of the Chief Minister creates serious doubts and suspicion about the character of the funds received by her. Naturally, a question arises in the mind, if her persona attracted such huge presents from her party loyalists why was the practice discontinued after 1992? Would she have received similar admiration in cash and kind from her party workers if she was out of office? It is not her case that it was her professional income. All these questions militate against the claim put forward by A-1. No doubt it is true large number of her party workers have turned up to depose in her favour and have identified some D.Ds produced before the court, but even if their evidence is accepted on its face value, the receipt of alleged presents being illegal, their testimony does not render it legal. It is held by the Honble Supreme Court of India that:

“If public servants are allowed to accept presents when they are prohibited under a penalty from accepting bribes, they would easily circumvent the prohibition by accepting the bribe in the shape of a present. The difference between the acceptance of a bribe, made punishable u/Sec. 161 and 165 IPC is this; under the former section the present is taken as a motive or reward for abuse of office; under the latter section the question of motive or reward is wholly immaterial and the acceptance of a valuable thing without consideration or with inadequate consideration from a person who has or is likely to have any business to be transacted is forbidden because though not taken as a motive or reward for showing any official favour, it is likely to influence the public servant to show official favour to the person giving such valuable thing. The provisions of Ss. 161 and 165 of IPC as also S.5 of the Act are intended to keep the public servant free from corruption and thus, ultimately ensure purity in public life. The evidence in the case, therefore, should have been judged keeping these aspects in view.”

Alleged gifts received by A-1 cannot be treated as lawful source of income within the meaning of Sec. 13(1) (e) of the Act, hence the claim is disallowed.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 50 of the judgment has dealt with ‘Namadu MGR.

It is contended that, Jaya Publications was publishing a daily newspaper called Namadhu MGR. It is an official mouth piece of AIADMK Party, of which, A-1 is the General Secretary. For greater dissemination of policies of the party, it introduced a scheme deposit which was in vogue from 1990 onwards. The firm had been collecting deposits. The total collection during check period in cash was Rs.14.01 crore. The cash so received was not only deposited in two C.A. Nos. 1952 and 2047 of Canara Bank, a portion of the cash so collected was put into her account and also in the accounts of the firm, of which, she is the partner for better utilization of the amount so collected under refundable scheme deposit. The scheme deposits and the monies collected was disclosed to the Income Tax Department. It was accepted after deep scrutiny. The appeal of the Department against the acceptance of the scheme deposit has been rejected by the Tribunal. Under this head, A-2 has sought to include Rs.14.01,000.00 (Rupees Fourteen Crores One Lakh only) as the income of A-1 and A-2.

- Rs.14.01,000.00

vi)Income earned by Jaya Publications from the Job works of printing and publicationRs. 1,15,94,849.00
vii)Foreign Inward Remittance received by A-2 in 1992Rs.51,47,955.00
viii)Business income from Metal KingRs.38,76,287.00
ix)Business income from Vinod Video VisionRs.94,36,682.00
x)Advance from Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd.,Rs.32.09,000.00
xi)Advance from River way Agro Products (Put) Ltd.,Rs.52,00,000.00
 
A-3 V.N.Sudhakaran has contended that, during the investigation, the investigating officer had seized hundred receipt books (Ex.P.2341 series) maintained by Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., containing hundred receipts each acknowledging the receipt of Rs.5,000/- per person. During investigation, he brought to the notice of the I.O. about the income of the Super Duper Pvt. Ltd., In spite of such sufficient proof, the I.O. has deliberately failed to take into consideration the income of Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., totaling to more than Rs. 1 crore.

In order to substantiate the claim of income generated by Jaya Publications by introducing the deposit scheme by name NAGADHU MGR, A-1 and A-2 have let in five types of evidence viz.,

(i) Evidence of 31 witnesses who have spoken about the deposit made by them under the scheme.

(ii) Oral testimony of DW.88 who has spoken about the application forms submitted by the various subscribers.

(iii) Special audit report obtained by the Income Tax Authorities u/Sec. 142-2-A as per Ex.P.217.

(iv) Orders of the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) Ex.D.231 to D.234.

(v) Balance sheet filed along with the returns as per Ex.D.218 to D.222.

50.3) The plea set up by the accused is that, ever since 1990, A-1 and A-2 as partners of Jaya Publication received in all a sum of Rs.15,05,14,323.60 towards the scheme deposit. Out of the said amount, a sum of Rs.13,54,000/- was collected prior to the check period. Excluding this amount, the total deposit collected during the check period was available with the firm to the tune of Rs.13,89,19,475/-. In order toestablish this plea, A-1 and A-2 have examined 31 witnesses. viz., DW.3, DW.4, DW.5, DW.31, DW.32, DW.33, DW.34, DW.35, DW.36, DW.37, DW.38, DW.39, DW.44, DW.45, DW.46, DW.47, DW.48, DW.49, DW.50, DW.51, DW.52, DW.53, DW.55, DW.56, DW.57, DW.58, DW.59, DW.60, DW.62, DW.63, DW.67.

50.4) All these witnesses have given a stereotyped evidence before the Court stating that they are in the habit of reading Namadhu MGR Newspaper and they have made deposit ranging from Rs.12,000/- to Rs.18,000/- to become the subscribers of the said newspaper and in terms of the said deposit, they are supplied with 3 to 6 copies of Namadhu MGR news paper daily.

The accused have examined DWs.3, 4, 5, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63, 67 in support of their case.

50.9) With regard to Ex.D.207, this witness admitted that, there is no mention in Ex.D.217 that representatives of M/s. Jaya Publication produced the books of accounts before the special auditors. There isan observation in the said order that, during the said special audit to show receipts through cash and bank, no supporting documents were made available. This witness has given an explanation that, on account of the seizure of the documents of M/s. Jaya Publication by D.V. and A.C., those documents could not be made available before the special auditors. He has also admitted that, in Ex.D.217, there is an observation that, all payments made through cash are not supported by any outside document or evidence and that they are only supported by internally made vouchers with payees signature. Further, it is elicited from DW.88, the returns as per Ex.D.218 to D.220 are all filed on 06.11.1998 whereas, the returns as per Ex.D.221 and D.222 were filed on 17.03.1998 respectively. The returns as per Ex.D.218 to D.222 were all prepared by DW.88. He has also admitted that, Ex.D.224 to D.226do not bear the date, seal and signature of the Income Tax Department. Ex.D.228 the list of subscribers does not bear the seal and signature of M/s. Jaya Publication. It does not indicate the date on which the said list was prepared. The original subscription applications contained in Ex.D.230(1) to Ex.D.230(17) volumes were not produced before the Income Tax Authorities, but their xerox copies were produced. This witness has explained in the cross-examination that the originals were not produced for the reason that they were taken away by D.V. and A.C. When the observations made in para 72 of Ex.D.231 were put to the witness and he was questioned as to whether M/s. Jaya Publication and Namadhu MGR newspaper are of different entity, DW.88 answered that, Namadhu MGR is a newspaper published by Jaya Publications. The further question put to the witness reads as follows:

“Question: At page 21 of the order Ex.D.223 with reference to the deposits mentioned in the said page, the explanation by way of reply given by M/s. Jaya Publications to the Assessing Officer has been extracted as under:

The previous authorized representative had explained that these are all transfer from current account of M/s. Namadhu MGR as the Assessee has been dealing with M/s. Jaya Publications and M/s. Namadhu MGR as two separate divisions. Scheme deposits are collected by M/s. Namadhu MGR. Perhaps so the Assessees clerk is not well verse with in accountancy, was not knowing the account to which they are to be credited whether Namadhu MGR or M/s. Jaya Publication, he might have posted to UPL Account.”

In view of the above reply given by the Assessee how do you say that Namadhu MGR news paper was only published and circulated by M/s. Jaya Publications?

Ans: According to me M/s. Jaya Publications had income from the sale of Namadhu MGR news paper, income from agricultural operations and rental income from properties owned by them. Thereby the income was dealt under 3 divisions.”

50.10) It is further elicited that as per the Ex.D.231, the Assessing Officer finalized the original assessment proceedings u/Sec. 144 of Income Tax Act. On 03.03.1998 on the basis of the material available on record and the Commissioner of Income Tax Act (Appeals) set aside the assessment order on 15.09.1998 and only thereafter, M/s. Jaya Publication filed its return of income on 06.11.1998. He has also admitted that the Registrar of Newspaper for India will issue a certificate regarding the circulation of newspapers. He has also admitted that, when the assessing officer issued notice requiring M/s. Jaya Publication to produce the original applications along with the counter foils of deposit receipts and the concerned registers, M/s. Jaya Publication did not produce those documents, but they filed only copies and those copies were accepted by the Assessing Officer.

50.11) Regarding the maintenance of the accounts of M/s. Jaya Publication, the evidence of PW.201 C.K.R.K. Vidyasagar, an officer of Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch is relevant to be considered. In his examination-in-chief from page 59 onwards, this witness has deposed that, the Current A/c. No. 2047 of Jaya Publication was transferred from Kellys Branch, Chennai to their Canara Bank at Mylapore Branch on 26.09.1990. In the application the address of the organization was mentioned as No.36, Poes Garden,Chennai-86. The copy of the application sent to their bank from Kellys Branch viz., Ex.P.1900 discloses that the account opening application was signed by A-1 and A-2 and one Dinakara and Tivakaran, the partners. While transferring the account, the bank obtained a fresh letter from the partners which is signed by A-1 and A-2 as per Ex.P.1901. The statement of the bank account ledger of Jaya Publication is marked through this witness as Ex.P.1903. This statement pertains to the period from 01.07.1991 to 11.09.1996. As per this statement, as on 1.7.1991, the balance in his Current A/c. was Rs.7,83,860.97 and the balance as on 30.04.1996 was Rs.20,79,885.12. This witness has deposed in detail about the remittance made to this account on several occasions exceeding Rs.50,000/- at a time and has further deposed that from Namadhu MGR Current A/c. No. 1952, various amounts were transferred on different dates to this account No.2047 and from the Current A/c. No. 2018 held by A-1, a sum of Rs.50,000/- was transferred to this account on 5.5.1993 and from the A/c. No.2196 of A-2, a sum of Rs.14,250/- was transferred to this account on 4.5.1993. Likewise, from the account of Sasi Enterprises (Current A/c. No. 2061) a sum of Rs.6 lakhs on 29.10.1993, Rs. 1 lakh on 5.11.93 were transferred to Current A/c. No. 2047. A sum of Rs.6 lakhs was transferred from Vinod Video (A/c. No.2133) to the account of Jaya Publication on 14.11.1994 and further,a sum of 10 lakhs from another account on 27.5.1992, a sum of Rs.10 lakhs, Rs. 3 lakhs and Rs.1 lakh on 29.05.1992; Rs.1 lakh on 1.6.92, Rs.3,61,759.90 on 10.11.92, Rs.1.2 lakh on 5.2.93, Rs. 1,29,448.10 on 4.6.1993, Rs.2,45,242.50 on 7.10.1993 were credited to Current A/c. No. 2047.

50.12) The interest from fixed deposit amount was also credited to this account No.2047 on different dates and PW.201 has given the details thereof in page No.62 of his deposition. This witness has also spoken about the withdrawal of the amount from A/c. No.2047 on various dates and has also stated that on 5.8.97, 21.10.92, 21.3.95 and 17.7.95 and 13.3.96 a sum of Rs. 6 lakhs, 3 lakhs, 5 lakhs, 4 lakhs, 2 lakhs and Rs.2 lakhs have been deducted through cheques in the name of A-1. Further, this witness has stated that on 30.3.1995, from the A/c. No.2047 a sum of Rs.75 lakhs was issued through a cheque in the name of Canfin Homes and was deducted. This witness has also furnished the date of transfer of amounts to the S.B. A/c. of A-2 (S.B. A/c. No.23218 and Current A/c. No. 2196) and also the details of the amounts given through cheques for purchasing demand drafts are also narrated in detail in his evidence. What is significant to be noted is that, nowhere in his evidence PW. 201 has stated that a sum of Rs.14,10,35,000/- collected by way of the deposit under the alleged scheme by A-1 and A-2 have been credited to the bank account of Jaya Publications. More importantly, there is not even a remote suggestion to this witness that the deposit amount is credited to the bank account of Jaya Publication. In the above context, it is also pertinent to note that, PW.201 has stated in his evidence that A-2 N.Sasikala started a new A/c. No. 2277 as Proprietor of a Company by name Metal King Company. In this account, amount was remitted by cash on different dates. Apart from the said remittance in cash, different amounts were transferred to this account on different dates. The details of which are stated in page 79 of his examination-in-chief. It is important to note that large sum of money is seen to have been transferred from the Current A/c. No. 1952 of Namadhu MGR to the account of Metal King Company on different dates falsifying the contention of the accused that the deposits collected from the subscribers of Namadhu MGR was utilized for purchase of immovable properties. These transactions on the other hand fortify the case of the prosecution that the unaccounted and undisclosed funds credited into the accounts of Namadhu MGR were diverted to the accounts of Jaya Publications, Sasi Enterprises, Vinod Video, Metal King and various other firms and companies, wherein, A-2 to A-4 were either the Directors or the Partners at the relevant point of time.

50.13) The transaction spoken by PW.201 are inconsistent with the case pleaded by A-1 and A-2, on the contrary, these transactions reinforce / strengthen the case of the prosecution that the bank accounts maintained by M/s. Jaya Publication does not reflect the credit of the deposits of Rs.14,10,35,000/- as claimed by A-1 and A-2.

50.14) What emerges from the above evidence is that, the story of the scheme deposit canvassed by the accused has taken birth only after filing of the Charge Sheet. There is not even a stray evidence to suggest that the said deposit scheme was in circulation any time before the registration of the criminal case against the accused. There is nothing in the entire evidence indicating that the accused had declared the said deposit before the Income Tax Authorities any time during the check period. As already narrated above, the existence of the said scheme was brought to light only in the year 1998 in the returns filed on behalf of the said firms. It is only after filing of the Charge Sheet, the accused appear to have master minded the above defence with the active connivance of DW.88, who claims to be the Chartered Accountant of the accused with a view to create evidence in a bid to offer an explanation for the huge amount of unaccounted money found with A-1. But, unfortunately, the circumstances brought out in the cross-examination of DW.88completely expose the falsity of the defence. First and foremost, it is important to note that DW.88 is totally incompetent to speak about the aforesaid scheme. According to him, he was one of the partners of M/s. Nataraj Associates from 1998-2004. Though he claims that he was attached to M/s. S. Venkatram and Company and in that capacity he has handled the accounts of M/s. Jaya Publications and M/s. Sasi Enterprises, yet, in para 44 of the cross-examination he has unequivocally admitted that until 1998 neither M/s. Jaya Publications nor M/s. Sasi Enterprises had filed any returns in respect of the financial affairs of the said firms. In Ex.D.231, in unmistakable terms it is noted that till February 1998, M/s. Rajsekhar and Co., C.A.s were appointed as auditors of Jaya Publications. Under the said circumstances, the claim of DW.88 that he had handled the accounts of M/s. Jaya Publications and M/s. Sasi Enterprises falls to the ground.

50.15) As already narrated above, the accused have not produced any material before the Court to show that Dr. Namadhu MGR had floated the deposit scheme inviting subscription from the general public. As a matter of fact, even a copy of the said Namadhu MGR of the relevant period is not produced before the Court which would have helped the Court in ascertaining whether the said News Paper is merely an official news letter of AIADMK Party or is meant forgeneral consumption and is sold for Re.1/- as contended by the accused. It is a cardinal rule of evidence that, best evidence in the possession of the party should be produced before the Court. In the instant case, DW.88 has admitted that Namadhu MGR News Paper is registered with the Registrar of Press Trust of India and it has circulation crossing more than 70,000/-. If so, the certificate of registration and the Register of the subscribers would have been the best piece of evidence to support the claim of the accused.

50.16) In appreciating the claim/ defence of the accused, it is pertinent to note that M/s. Jaya Publication was an assessee of Income Tax with Central Circle (II) 2, Chennai from the year 1991. According to DW.88, earlier to that the said firm was an Income Tax assessee with different circle of Income Tax. It is admitted by DW.88 that the Income Tax returns for the assessment year 1991-92 to 1993-94 were filed by M/s.Jaya Publications only on 06.11.1998 and the Income Tax returns for the assessment years 1994-95, 96-97 on 17.03.1999. Undisputedly, much before the said date, the F.I.R. was registered against A-1 and the Charge Sheet came to be filed against the accused as back as on 04.10.1997. It is the evidence of DW.88 that, when the assessee was brought into Central Circle-II (2), Chennai, the Chief Commissioner of Income Tax appointed one P.B. Vijayaraghavan, the Chartered Accountant as the Special Auditor for auditing the accounts of M/s. Jaya Publications for the assessment year 1994-95. In the chief-examination, DW.88 has stated thus:

“During the said audit I had personally produced the books of accounts of the assessee before the said special auditors. The said special auditors gave report in prescribed forms, on 25.09.1998. After seeing the said report I say that the cash book, bank book, journal register, stock register, general ledger, records for agricultural income viz., cash book, journal register, general ledger were produced before the said auditors and they were verified by them. In the records produced by Income Tax Authorities before this Court, in Volume No.8 at pages 87 to 111 the special auditors report dt. 25.09.1998 is found. It is Ex.D.217. The said special auditors have certified in form No.6-B that proper books of accounts have been kept by the assessee. In the said special audit report there is mention about the receipt of agricultural income by the assessee.”

50.17) As against the above evidence, the consistent plea taken up by the accused before this Court is that, all the documents pertaining to Jaya Publications including the accounts books, registers etc., were seized by the D.V. and A.C. and hence they were handicapped in putting forward their defence. But DW.88 had the temerity to depose on oath, contrary to the stand of the accused, that during the special audit he personally produced the books of accounts. He is the star witness of the accused, but has turned out tobe an utter lier and false witness who has no regard for truth. He has changed his version at every stage of the proceedings. Even otherwise, the circumstances brought out in the evidence undoubtedly point out that he is propped up only to create a false defence for the accused.

50.18) In this context, it may be relevant to note that, during the pendency of the proceedings before this Court, A-2 filed an application u/Sec. 207 and 243(2) Cr.P.C. R/w. Rule 2 Chapter XIV of Karnataka Criminal Rules of Practice seeking certified copies of the documents viz., the Day Book, Attendance Register, Journal Register, Daily Collections, Advertisement Registers, In and Out Register, Postal Fee Paid and Statement of accounts file relating to account of Namadhu MGR which were stated to have been seized and also the Bank documents which were stated to have been seized under search list No.129126 to 425868, knowing fully well that those documents were not in existence at all. In the said petition, it is unequivocally stated that the documents seized during the course of investigation have not been marked by the prosecution, apparently as they would not support the case of the accused. Similarly, A-1 had also filed I.A.No.722 u/Sec. 207 of Cr.P.C. seeking leave to peruse the records forwarded by the prosecution which were unmarked during the course of leading evidence by the prosecution. In the said application, it is specifically stated that the documents lying in the Court were forwarded u/Sec. 173(5) of the Code and the A-1 is entitled to perusal of those documents.

50.19) On hearing the parties, the above applications were dismissed by my Predecessor. The accused carried the matter before the Hon'ble High Court in Crl. Petition No.1840/2012 and the Hon'ble High Court also having dismissed the said petition, the accused approached Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Crl. Appeal No. 1497 and 1498 of 2012 and by order dt. 28.09.2012, permitted the inspection of the documents by the accused. These facts clearly establish that the documents relating to Namadhu MGR were seized during the investigation and were produced before the Court. But, DW.88 has gone to the extent of stating on oath that, he personally produced all the above documents and the account books before the Special Auditor.

50.20) When the witness was confronted with the observation made in Ex.D.217 that there is no mention therein about the production of the accounts before the Special Auditor DW.88 answered that, “On account of seizure of the documents of M/s. Jaya Publication by D.V. and A.C., those documents could not be made available before the Special Auditors.” This evidence clinchingly establishes that, when the Special Auditors were appointed, the accused did not produce any documents relating to the financial affairs of M/s. Jaya Publications. I have already reproduced the relevant portion of Ex.P.231, wherein the Commissioner has also reiterated the fact that the Assessing Officer called upon the assessee to produce the primary documents such as the application forms of the members, counter foils of the deposit receipt and the collection of register and cash book. But the assessee failed to furnish any evidence to substantiate the claim. All these circumstances go to show that, neither before the Special Auditors nor before the Assessing Officer the primary documents were produced by the assessee. But surprisingly, the accused have got summoned nine volumes of original applications from the Income Tax Department without explaining as to how these original applications came to be produced before the Income Tax Department.

50.21) Though the learned Counsel for the accused has strenuously presented an argument based on the above applications - Ex.D.230 series and the oral testimony of 31 witnesses, the very fact that the original applications came to be produced before the Court under mysterious circumstances, the testimony of the witnesses based on these applications is susceptible to doubt. Even otherwise, a bare perusal of these applications indicate that, these applications have been created just before the examination of the witnesses somewhere in 2012 and maneuvered to be produced before the Court. Even the naked eye of a common ordinary man could find out that the entire bulk of applications produced before this Court are nothing but sheets of paper kept in sunlight or exposed to smoke so as to give them an appearance of old used papers, but the ink used on the said sheets for writing the names and other details appears to be so fresh and recent belying the very claim of the accused that the said applications were obtained during the check period. For ex. at page No. 15482 and 15484 of the records, the papers are not evenly turned brown and in one of the sheets, the ink is smudged on the rear side of the paper making it evident that, the writing therein is made recently after using the above trick. Likewise, at page 15312 and 15314 the portion of the signature extending on the white patches of the paper looks fresh and recent, whereas the writing on the other portions thereof looks different. As already brought out from the mouth of the witnesses, the receipt numbers are not mentioned in any of these application forms, nor have the accused produced the counter-foils of the receipts to corroborate the testimony of the above witnesses that on submission of the said applications, they were enrolled as the subscribers of the newsletter. The application forms also do not contain any term to the effect that the subscribers would be supplied with particular number of copies of Namadhu MGR. Except the interested testimony of the witness, nothing is produced before the Court to show that the firm had agreed for supply free copy of newspaper for multiples of sought to be contended. All these circumstances therefore create suspicion about the genuineness of the claim put forth by the accused.

50.22) It is also pertinent to note, that if original applications were available with the firm from the commencement of the scheme, there is no reason for the auditor to offer an explanation that the originals were lost. Going by the statement made by the witnesses, that in terms of the aforesaid scheme, they were entitled to the free supply of Namadhu MGR, the firm ought to have maintained Register of the subscribers and also the records for having dispatched the copies to the subscribers either by post or through some other mode and all these documents could have been produced before the Income Tax Authorities at the earliest point of time. Unfortunately, till date, neither the Register of subscribers nor any other material in proof of the supply of the copies to the subscribers is produced before this Court. The evidence of the witnesses that they have been receiving 5 to 6 copies of the newsletter appears to be incredulous. It is not known why a reader requires 5 or 6 copies of the same newsletter. It also does not stand to reason as to why a person would deposit Rs.12,000/- to Rs.18,000/- in respect of a newsletter the cost of which was only Re.1/-when the deposit alleged to have been made by them would have fetched three times of the cost of the said news letter.

50.23) Finally, in appreciating the evidence of the above witnesses, it should also be noted that the entire bunch of witnesses examined by the accused in support of the alleged claim are the ardent party workers, easily procurable witnesses who are vitally interested in the outcome of the trial and therefore, their evidence is bound to be interested and partisan. Even otherwise, the circumstances discussed above give a clear indication that these witnesses are tutored and interested witnesses. There is absolutely no corroboration to the oral testimony of these witnesses. Therefore, on over all consideration of all the above facts and circumstances and in view of my definite finding that the application forms relied on by the accused at Ex.D.230 series are got up and fabricated to bolster up the false claim laid by the accused, I am not inclined to accept the claim set up by the accused in this regard.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 51 of the judgment has dealt with the Agricultural Income of Jaya Publications. It was claimed that A-1 and A-2 as Partners of Jaya Publications derived agricultural income totaling to Rs.60,45,665/- as per the break up figure given in the chart and therefore, the said amount is required to be taken into account while computing the resources available with A-1 for acquisition of properties and the pecuniary resources.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 51.3 of the judgment has observed that the Commissioner of Income Tax has held in the above order that the appellant viz., M/s. Jaya Publications is treated as having received agricultural income of Rs.8,01,961/- for the assessment year 1991-92, Rs.9,31,000/- for the assessment year 1992-93, Rs.7,43,500/- for the assessment year 1993-94. The learned Sessions Judge has observed that it needs to be noted that, Exs.D.218, 219, 220 were filed on 06.11.1998 and Exs.D.221 and D.222 were filed on 17.03.1998. In the above acknowledgments, the net agricultural income for the assessment year 1991-92 to 1994-95 is shown as Rs.4,54,500/-, Rs.9,31,000/-, Rs.7,43,500/- and Rs.21,68,500/-respectively and for assessment year 1995-96, the agricultural income is shown as NIL.

51.6) In proof of the alleged lease of the land, the accused have relied on the certificate issued by the Dy. Inspector General of Registration, confirming the sale of stamp paper in favour of Vasudevan. Though the said certificate is marked as Ex.D.235, the said certificate does not establish either the grant of lease, terms and conditions thereof, the period for which the lease has been taken by the accused. In the absence of any documents to show that T.S.R. Vasudevan is the owner of agricultural land measuring 65.57 acres of land, solely on the basis of certificate of Inspector General of Registration, it cannot be concluded that he had leased out the lands to M/s. Jaya Publications. No independent witness is examined to prove the factum of cultivation and the nature of crops grown in the land and yield fetched therefrom. When the accused have not produced any acceptable evidence to show that M/s.Jaya Publication had taken the agricultural land on lease and have been carrying on agricultural operations, merely on the basis of the Income Tax Returns brought about after filing of the Charge Sheet, the claim cannot be accepted.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 52 of the judgment has dealt with Sales Job Work carried out by Jaya Publications during the check period. A-1 and A-2 claimed that a total sum of Rs.4,19,96,605.60 was collected towards the sales job work and produced the profit and loss account statement marked as Exs.D.224, D.225 and D.226. Exs.D.224, D.225 and D.226 do not bear the signature of either A-1 or A-2 and also the date. The Xerox copies produced bear the imprint of the signature of G.Natarajan, the Chartered Accountant who is not examined before the Court. Therefore, no reliance could be placed on the Profit and Loss Account statement.

The trial Court at paragraph 53 of the judgment has discussed about the rental income of the accused. The learned trial Judge has rejected the claim of A-1 and A-2 at Rs.45,30,642/- from rental income from the properties and accepted the rental income calculated by the prosecuting agency. Besides, the claim of accused in a sum of Rs.6 lakhs towards rental income from the hire of machinery was also negatived as the statement of Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31.03.1995 and 1996 marked at Exs.D.226 and D.225 was proved to be got up and fabricated document.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 55 deals with Sasi Enterprises.

It is not in dispute that A-1 and A-2 are the partners of Sasi Enterprises, a Partnership Firm which owns (i) Shop No.14, Ground Floor at No.602, Anna Salai, Chennai, (ii) Door No.14, Khadar Nawaz Khan Road, Nungambukkam, (item Nos.8, 9 of Annexure-I), (iii) Vacant site at Blake H.D.Road, Tanjaore, (iv) Vacant site in Ward No.6 in Mahar Nombu, Chavadi in (item No.13 and 14 at Annexure-I), (v) Dry land measuring 3.23 acres at S.No.402-2 of Sundarakottai Village, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore district (item No.16 of Annexure-I). According to the accused, during thecheck period, M/s. Sasi Enterprises earned a total income of Rs.95,92,776/-.

55.1) It is the submission of the learned Counsel that, by way of rental income, the firm Sasi Enterprises has received an aggregate of Rs.12,60,800/-, but the D.V. and A.C. has taken into account only Rs.6,15,900/- vide item Nos.59, 61 and 62 of Annexure-III and hence, a difference of Rs.6,64,900/- is to be included under this head.

The trial Court relied on Section 269(SS) of Income Tax Act since the loan amount or deposits are not paid by way of Bank Drafts or account-payee cheques doubting the genuineness of the statement of profit and loss accounts presented to the Income Tax Authorities. Beneficiary of the loan was not examined. Absence of registration of Deed of Lease and not believing the statement made by the Tahsildar, even the author of Housing and Real Estate Development Private Limited was not examined. Consequently, there is no worthwhile evidence before the Court to show that Sasi Enterprises has derived income of Rs.90,92,766/- during check period.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph-60 has observed that A-2 sought to include business income from Metal King and Vinod Video Vision amounting to Rs.38,76,286/- and Rs.94,36,682/-respectively. But A-2 has not produced any proof of the said income either by examining any independent witness or by producing any book of account or stock register maintained by the concern in the regular course of business. It is also an admitted fact that, no returns have been filed by A-2 declaring any income from this business. As a result, this claim also cannot be considered.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph-61 has observed that “once a plea is taken that a person has advanced any amount; it is to be seen whether that person has the capacity to do so. Mere statement in that regard is not acceptable.” Undoubtedly, in a case of this nature, the onus rests on the accused to show that either Meadow Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd., or Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd. had ample source to advance loans to the accused because, as held in the above case, accused have special knowledge about how a particular asset was acquired or income therein was earned. In the instant case, the resources available with the above companies and their capacity to advance loans will be discussed later. For the present, suffice it to note that the accused have not produced any acceptable evidence in proof of the availment of the loan from the above Companies. As a result, this claim is also liable to be rejected.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 62 of the judgment has dealt with Super Duper TV and income of A3.

The Investigating Agency has omitted to include income earned by A-3 to the tune of Rs.1.10 crore, initially, carried on as Proprietor of Super Duper TV and later incorporated as Super Duper TV Private Limited. The Company had introduced a deposit scheme, wherein cable operators deposited Rs.5,000/- or multiples and in this process, the Company received scheme deposit money of Rs.1,06,10,000/-. The receipts were disclosed to the Income Tax Authorities and the Commissioner of Appeals has accepted the same as valid and proper. The Company has also received periodical lease rent of Rs.1,500/- per month for other equipments which were given on hire from time to time. Thus, an amount of Rs.11,18,500/- was collected during the check period which was also disclosed to the Income Tax Authorities and accepted by them after scrutiny. It is the further submission of A-3 that the Company Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., has deposited a sum of Rs.15,75,800/- with SIDCO for allotment of a shed, however no shed or plot was allotted by SIDCO.

DW.85 identified the lease agreements executed by the subscribers in favour of the Company which came to be marked as Ex.D.75, D.78, D.82, D.84, D.89, D.96, D.100, D.113 and D.121 and further deposed that, there were more than 2300 subscribers who had paid Rs.5,000/-as non-refundable entrance fee and had executed separate agreements in favour of M/s. Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., agreeing to pay the hire charges at the rate of Rs.1,500/- per month. DW.85 also identified 22 receipt books marked as Ex.P.2341 series and stated that the said entrance fee was non-refundable.

62.9) Recitals in Ex.D.182, the assessment order relating to the A/Y. 1995-96 reveals that neither Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., nor A-2 or A-3 filed any returns in respect of the income derived by them from this business until filing of the Charge Sheet. Nonetheless, the assessment orders passed by the Income Tax Authorities at Ex.D.182 and Ex.D.184 indicate that, belated returns were filed. Though it is stated in the assessment order dt. 30.03.2000 (Ex.D.182) that after issuance of the notice u/Sec. 142(1), the assessee viz., M/s. Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., filed a return admitting a loss of Rs.1,99,210/- it is recited in the said order that, during the assessment year 1996-97, the assessee was in receipt of a sum of Rs.47.80 lakhs under the cable scheme from 956 persons at the rate of Rs.5,000/- per each cable operator and out of this, a sum of Rs.11.4 lakhs seem to have been received by cheque / D.D. from 228 persons and the balance of Rs.36.40 lakhs has been credited in the assessees bank account as receipt from 728 persons. Though these assessment orders have come into existence subsequent to the initiation of the criminal proceedings against the accused, yet, in view of the other documentary evidence brought on record by the accused, there is sufficient material to hold that, during the year 1995-96, the A-2 and A-3 had received Rs.47.80 lakhs under the cable scheme. Likewise, in the assessment order Ex.D.183, it is stated that, during the previous year i.e., 1994-95, the assessee admitted the cable scheme receipts to the tune of Rs.62,15,100/- but during the enquiry, summons were not served to 38 subscribers and 13 persons who were summoned by the assessing officer  having denied the payment of the amounts to the Company, it is observed that a sum of Rs.3,85,000/-was treated as unexplained cash credits. Thus, from the material produced before the Court, A-3 has shown that from 1994-96, from the business of Super Duper T.V., A- .3 had collected Rs.47,80,000 + Rs.62,15,100 = Rs.1,09,95,100 – Rs.3,87,000= Rs.1,06,10,100.00.

62.11) There is nothing on record to show that A-3 had any other income other than the scheme deposits amounting to Rs.1,06,10,100.00. And the hire charges which are declared by him before the Income Tax Authorities amounting to Rs.11,18,500/-. Though the returns are filed by A-3 much after the initiation of the criminal proceedings, yet, as already noted above, DW.85 in the cross-examination has unequivocally stated that Super Duper T.V. Pvt. Ltd., carried on the cable TV business only for six months and thereafter the said business was stopped. Even otherwise, Sec.3 of the Cable Television Networks (Regulation Act 1995) provides that no person shall operate a cable television network unless he is registered as a cable operator under this Act. The said Act came into force on 25.03.1995 and much before the promulgation of the said Act, Cable Television Network Rules 1994 had come into force w.e.f. 29.09.1994 which required to collect only refundable security deposits. Under the said circumstance, even though A-3 has produced the receipt books and the counterfoils of the pay-in-slips to show that, the amount of Rs.5,000/- collected from large number of subscribers were credited to A/c. No.1152 and were available with A-3, yet, there is nothing on record to show as to how the investment was made by A-3 for the purchase of the equipments supplied by him to the various subscribers as agreed as per Ex.D.156(1) series. Certainly, the cost of these equipments would be much more than the deposit of Rs.5,000/- collected by him from the subscribers. If the value of the equipments and accessories were less than Rs.5,000/- no prudent businessman would subscribe to such a scheme. That itself indicates that, A-3 had made huge investments for purchase of the equipments supplied to the subscribers and therefore, it cannot be said that the entire amount of Rs.1,06,10,100.00 collected by him from the subscribers was available with him for purchase of immovable properties. Even otherwise, A-3 himself has admitted in his returns referred above that the business income for the assessment year 1996-97 was NIL. Under the said circumstance, the contention of A-3 that, the funds amounting to Rs.1,06,10,100.00 was available with him cannot be accepted.

The learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 63 of the judgment has dealt with M/s.Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd.

63.8) Though the appeal preferred by M/s Anjineya Printers Pvt., Ltd., before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai against the above Order, Ex. D-278 came to be allowed by a cryptic Order, dt. 27.12.2004, even before this court, the accused have not produced either the account books maintained in the regular course of business or any other reliable material to show that there was genuine purchase transactions between M/s. Anjaneya Printers Pvt. Ltd. and M/s. Jaya Publications to the tune of Rs.35 lakh as contended by A-3. Except the so called confirmation letter, accused have not been able to show from the books of the firm that M/s.Jaya Publications had shown in its returns the advance of Rs.35 lakhs to M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt., Ltd., on different dates. There is not even a scrap of paper to prove either the borrowal of the funds or the income earned from the business by the firm as contended by A-3. The transaction put forward by A-3 is opposed to Sec.269 (SS) of I.T. Act. There is also no evidence to show that the firm had turned out printing works during the relevant year. There is no proof regarding the initial capital invested by the partners. Except the computerized statement of accounts, there is nothing on record to show that orders were received and printing work was turned out by the firm as contended. The computerized statement of account is neither admissible in law nor does it prove the alleged income of the firm. As a result, even the claim set up by the accused in this regard is also liable to be dismissed.

The learned Sessions Judge from paragraph 65 to paragraphs 72 of the judgment deals with expenditure incurred during the check period.

72.47) Now coming to the expenses incurred by A-1 for the marriage arrangement is concerned, it is pertinent to note that, DW.1 has asserted that he spent Rs. 97 lakhs for the marriage expenses. Before the Income Tax Authorities, at one point of time, it was decided that A-1 had incurred the expenses to the tune of Rs. 94 lakhs. The party workers of AIADMK have come before the Court to say that they spent Rs. 60lakhs for the façade and lakhs of rupees for the decoration and lorry loads of rice was procured to serve lunch for more than 30,000 party workers. The prosecution has come up with the case that, a sum of Rs.6,45,04,222/- was spent for the marriage, out of which, Rs.5,21,23,532/- were spent for putting up Pandals. Though the said amount looks exorbitant, but having regard to the accommodation provided to more than 40,000 to 50,000 people at two places and special arrangements made for the stage and decoration, the said amount does not appear to be unreasonable. If the claim of the party workers that they spent rupees sixty lakhs only for the façade is believed, then, having regard to the magnitude of the event, at least three times of the said amount could be estimated for putting up the Pandals. Further, a minimum of Rs.40 lakhs to Rs. 50 lakhs might have been spent on food on the date of marriage as well as for the reception and for breakfast. It has come in evidence that numbers of cooks were employed and were paid wages, elaborate sitting arrangements were made at the venue, posh accommodation was arranged for the VIPs, elephants were procured from Kerala, crackers were burst and the entire venue was illuminated with lights, which would certainly entail huge expenses. That apart, it is established in evidence that, huge amount was spent towards the printing of invitation, publication of thanks in the dailies, tamboolam and valuable presents given to the guests, all of which would certainly entail expenses of more than 3 crores of rupees even by modest and conservative estimation. Therefore, taking into consideration all the above facts and circumstances, a sum of Rs.3 crores is taken as the expenses incurred by A-1 towards the arrangement for the marriage of A-3.

72.48) Thus, in the light of the above discussion, my finding on the total expenditure incurred by the accused during the check period is as under:

Expenditure as perAnnexure-IVRs.11,56,56,833.41
 
Less:
Item No.148Rs. 7,50,000.00
Item No.226Rs.3,45,04,222.00
TotalRs.8,49,06,833.00
 
73. RE: ASSETS:

The nature and extent of the assets and pecuniary resources found in possession of the accused during the check period are detailed in Annexure-II. It is marked as Ex.P.2338. It contains a list of 306 items.

Learned Spl. P.P. has sought to delete item Nos.1 to 17 of Annexure-II on the ground that these were acquired by the accused prior to the check period.

For convenient discussion of the issues involved in the case, these assets are categorized under the following heads.

 Nature of assetsItem Nos.Value (in Rs.)
IImmovable properties (consideration of registration)1 to 173, 175, 292, 297, 301, 302(i), 305 (Excluding item Nos.24, 31, 33, 64, 66, 127, 145, 150, 159)22,83,99,174.70
IICash paid over and above sale consideration24, 31, 33, 64, 66,127, 145, 150, 1592,53,80,619.00
IIINew or additional construction of buildings174, 176-192, 301, 302(ii)28,17,40,430.00
IVGold and Diamond Jewellery284-290, 2955,53,02,334.75
VSilver wares29148,80,800
VIF.Ds and shares258-277, 298, 303, 3063,42,62,728.00
VIICash balance in bank accounts193-229, 296, 300, 30497,47,751.32
VIIIVehicles230-257, 2991,29,94,033.05
IXMachinery293, 2942,24,11,000.00
XFootwear2782,00,902.45
XISarees279-28192,44,290.00
XIIWrist watches282-28315,90,350.00
 
73.1) IMMOVABLE PROPERTIES ACQUIRED DURING THE CHECK PERIOD BETWEEN 1.7.1991 AND 30.04.1996.
 
Item No.Description of property and extentPurchaserDate of Execution/reg. of the deed/agree of Sale (Exs.)Total cost Rs.Witnesses Ex. in proof of the transaction
18One Ground and 1407 Sq. Ft. of land with building in R.S.No.1567/1 of Mylapore village.J. JayalalithaDoc.No.424/91Dt.24.7.91Ex.P-1 (Original)Ex.P-2 (copy) Ex.P.7910,20,371PW.1PW.2(Sub- Reg) PW126
19Land and building to the extent of 25035 Sq. Ft. in S.No.93, 94, and 95 of Mannargadi Village Haridranadhi, West Street.Tmt.N. Sasikala14.08.1991 Doc.No.1410/91 dt.22.8.916,78,000PW138PW 99
20Plot No. (S)S-7 Tiruvika. IndustrialEstate 4664.6 Sq.ft.with buildingM/s. Jaya Publications, rep.By J.Jayalalithaand N.Sasikala22.9.1991 Doc.No.3285/91 Dt. 6.9.91Ex.P-4(Original)Ex.P-5 (copy)15,05,428PW.3 (Sub- Reg)
21Land and Bldig at New Door No.14, Kadhar Nawaz, Khan Rd, Nungambakkam, Block 12, 87/12000 undivided share of land in 11 ground 1736 Sq. Ft. and 523 Sq Ft. bldg in RS.No.58 and NewR.S.No.58/5.Sasi EnterprisesDoc.no.92/1992 dt.19.2.92Ex.P.769, 770, 935,1513,15142,98,144PW.137, 163, 166
22Land and building At Door No.16, Ippababi (Radhika Nagar) Anjaiah Garden, Boosareddy gudaroad, SecunderabadContonment, S.No.49and 50 land extent222.92 Sq.mt. Built

Up area 2200 Sq. Ft.

N.SasikalaDoc.No.722/92dt. 25.3.92Ex.P.935,1513,

1514

5,57,761PW.163,126
23TANSI Foundry –Sy.Nos. 86, 87, 88 Part,89 Part, 91 Part, 92Part, 93 Partin Block

No. 5 of Alandur,

Adayar, Sydapet

12,462.172 Sq.

Mtrs (55 Grounds

and 2143 Sq.ft.)

with building

M/s Jaya Publications, rep.By N. Sasikala2.6.1992Doc.No.2237/92Dt. 29.5.92Ex.P-6

(original)

and P-7 copy

2,13,68,152PW.3(Sub-Reg)PW.126
25TANSI (Enamelledwires) Land andbuilding at M/s TiruKa. Industrial Estate,

Guindy 0.63 acres of land and 495 sq. ft. in RCC Roof 1155 Sq. Ft. In ACC Sheet Roof

inS.No.89ofAlandur

Village, Hamlet of

Adyar,BlockNo.12

(TANSI Enamalled

wires)

M/s SasiEnterprises, rep. By N. Sasikala30.9.1992Doc.No.3780/92Dt. 7.10.92Ex. P-890,17,089PW.3(Sub-Reg)
26Land and buildingto the extent of 1Ground and 1475Sq.ft in village Door

No.18, East Abiramapuram, III Street. (5529.31 Sq. ft.) Bldg., consisting of basement, Ground, Mezzanine and 1st floor

M/s SasiEnterprises rep. By N. Sasikala22.1.1993 Doc.No.72/1993Dt. 27.1.93 Ex.P-23 (Original)49,02,105PW.4PW159(Sub-Reg)
27Sy. No. 366/4 and 366/1 situate in Cheyyur village measuring 4.90 acresM/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt., Ltd.24.5.1993Doc.No.450/93Ex. P-361,39,562PW.9(Sub-Reg)
28Agrl. land at Sy. No. 365/3 situate in Cheyyur villageMeasuring 3.30acresM/s Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.26.6.1993 Doc.No.593/93Ex. P-371,00,830PW.13PW.9(Sub-Reg)
29Agrl. land at Sy. No. 365/1 situate in Cheyyur village measuring 1.65 acresM/s. Signora BusinessEnterprises Pvt., Ltd.,24.6.1993Doc.No.594/93Ex. P-3850,495PW.11PW.9
30Agrl. land at Sy. No. 365/2 situate in Cheyyur village measuring 2.22 acresM/s.Signora Business Enterprises Pvt., Ltd.,25.6.1993Doc.No.595/93Ex. P-3966,485PW.12PW.9
3272/12000 share of 11 grounds 1736 Sq. Ft. in R.S.No.58/5 @14, Gems Court,Kather NavazKhan Road,Sasi EnterprisesDoc.No.641/93dt.28.7.93Ex.P.7681,60,572PW.136, 137
34Dry land situated in Velagapuram village measuring 4 acres 41 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93 Doc.No.1573/93Ex.P-8337,410PW.32PW.39(Sub-Reg)
35Dry land situated in Velagapuram village measuring 1 acre 42 cents in S.No.198/180 F3, 198/159 B. 198/160 A, 198/159 D2, 198/158 B2, 198/157 B1 of VelakkapuramN. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1574/93Ex. P-9112,060PW39(Sub-Reg)PW.37
37Dry land situate in S.No.198/180, F11, 179A, 163A, 162A, 161B, 157B2, 156B, 155, B1 of Velagapuram village measuring 1 acre 42 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1576/93Ex. P-9212,060PW.39(Sub-Reg)PW.31
38Agrl. Land measuring 4 acres and 41 cents in Sy. No. 198/180 of VelanapuramTmt. N. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1577/93Ex. P-8137,385PW.31PW.39(Sub-Reg)
39Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram village measuring 1 acre 42 centsN.Sasikala28.10.93 Doc.No.1578/93Ex. P-8512,060PW.31PW.34PW.39(Sub-

Reg)

40Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram village measuring 1 acre 42 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93 Doc.No.1579/93Ex. P-9312,060PW.31PW.35PW.39 (Sub-Reg)
41Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram village measuring 4 acres 41 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93 Doc.No.1580/93Ex. P-8637,380.70PW.31PW.34 PW.39(Sub-Reg)
42Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram village measuring 4 acre 41 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1581/93Ex. P-9037,385PW.31, 38PW.39 (Sub-Reg)
43Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Sasikala Doc. No. PW.35 Velagapuram  1582/93 PW.39 village measuring (Sub-4 acre 41 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93 Doc.No.1582/93Ex. P-8737,385PW.31PW.35PW.39 (Sub-Reg)
44Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram village measuring 1 acre 42 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1583/93Ex. P-9412,060PW.31PW.42PW.39(Sub-Reg)
45Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram village measuring 4 acre 41 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93 Doc.No. 1584/93Ex. P-8837,410PW.31, PW.36PW.39 (Sub-Reg)
46Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram villageMeasuring 4 acre 41 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1585/93Ex. P-8937,410PW.37PW.39(Sub-Reg)
47Dry land situate in S.No.198 of Velagapuram villageMeasuring 1 acre 42 centsN. Sasikala28.10.93Doc.No.1586/93Ex. P-9512,060PW.31PW.39(Sub-Reg)
4841 cents cents of dry land in Sy. No. 198 of Velagapuram villageTmt. N. Sasikala28.10.93Doc. No. 1587/93Ex. P-823,498PW.31
49Agrl. Land No.63 in Cheyyur (B Block) village at Sy. No.364/12 measuring 0.63 acresM/s. SignoraBusinessEnterprises Pvt. Ltd.6.12.1993Doc.No.1591/93 8.12.93Ex.P.3431,340PW.9 (Sub- Reg) PW.11
50Land and building to the extent  4802 Sq. together with building (with ground and first floor) in S.No.94, plot No.7 of NeelankaraiJ. ElavarasiDoc.No.4806/93dt.31.12.93Ex.P.1349,60,520PW.50
511/5th un-divided share in landed Bldg. at No. Padmanabha Chetty Street, Ngr.1 Ground and 1086Sq.ft.Anjineya Printers Pvt. Ltd., (repBy its Chairman V.N. Sudhagaran13.1.1994 Doc.No.51/1994Dt. 17.1.94Ex. P-243,19,230PW.5PW159
521/5th un-divided share in landed  bldg. (1 ground 1086 Sq.ft. ft. with bldg., at Door No. 21, Padmanabha Chetty Street, T. NagarAnjineya Printers Pvt.Ltd., rep. byV.N. Sudhakaran13.1.1994 Doc.No.52/1994Dt. 17.1.94Ex. P-253,19,230PW.5PW159
531/5th un-divided share in landed bldg. (1 ground and 1086 Sq.ft. ft. with bldg., at Door No. 21, Padmanabha Cheetty Street, T. NagarAnjineyaPrinters Pvt.Ltd., rep. byV.N. Sudhakaran13.1.1994Doc.No.52/1994Dt. 17.1.94Ex.P.263,19,230PW.5PW159
541/5th un-divided share in landed bldg. (1 ground and 1086 Sq.ft. ft. with bldg., at Door No. 21 Padmanabha Chetty Street, T. NagarAnjineyaPrinters Pvt.Ltd., rep. byV.N. Sudhakaran13.1.1994Doc.No.52/1994Dt. 17.1.94Ex.P.273,19,230PW.5PW159
551/5th un-divided share in landed bldg. (1 ground and 1086 Sq.ft. ft. with bldg., at Door No. 21 Padmanabha Chetty Street, T. NagarAnjineyaPrinters Pvt.Ltd., rep. byV.N. Sudhakaran13.1.1994 Doc.No.52/1994Dt. 17.1.94Ex. P-263,19,230PW.5PW159
561.50 acres in S.No.392/1, 2 in Siruthavur VillageJ. Vivek.Doc.No.494/94Dt. 21.9.94Ex.77144,210.00PW139PW159
5710 acres and 41 cents in RS.No.346/1B, 346/1C, 348/2A2A, 348/2A2B/348/2A2C, 346/2, 344/1A, 347/2C, 342/1BC, 342/1B4, 342/1B5, 345/1, 346/1K, 349/2B, 351/1B3, 348/3A, 348/3C, 380, 345/1, 345/1A, 346/11, 349/2A, 349/4C3,350/2A1,351/1B2,344/1, 346/1D, 346/1E, 346/2, 379/2,346/2A,350/2A2,344/1B, 348/3B,348/2BJ.ElavarasiDoc.No.33/94 dt.31.1.94Ex.P.1372,33,770PW.51, PW159
58Agrl. Land at Sy.No.364/8, 364/9 of Cheyyur VillageMeasuring 2.02 acresTmt.J.Elavarasi31,1,1994Doc.No.111/941.2.94Ex.P.351,03,360PW.14PW.9(Sub-Reg)
5954 cents of dry landIn S.No.364 of Cheyyur VillageJ.ElavarasiDoc.No.112/94dt.1.2.94Ex.P.3320,550PW.8, PW.9
6011 acres 83 cents 344/1, 2, 402/4,401/1, 335/1inSiruthavoor village.V.N.Sudhakaran19.1.1994Ex. P-1222,33,770PW.46
6111 acres and28 cents S.No.42/2in Karungulipallamand S.No.383 to

386 and 393 in Siruthavur village

J. ElavarasiDoc.no.40/94Dt.8.2.94Ex.P.1382,27,026PW.51, PW159
6210 acres 86 centsIn S.No.392/1, 391, 392, 380, 381/3, 405/3, 39, 398, 406, 399, 400, 406 in Siruthavoor Village. Doc.no.41/94dt.8.2.94Ex.P.1232,11,325PW.46,PW159
6310.78 acres In S.No.379, 381, 382, 342 Sirudhavur inVillage.Tmt.J. ElavarasiDoc.no.42/94dt.8.2.94Ex.P.1392,02,251PW.51,PW159
657 acres 44 centsIn S.No.339/1A,338/1A, 3, 342/3B,4A, 235/3, 4, 2, 234/1,

2 in Siruthavur Village

Tr. V.N. SudhakaranDoc.no.43/94Dt.5.2.94Ex.P.1241,45,891PW.46,PW159
672 ground and 1237 sq. ft. with a builtup area of 2150 sq.ft. at Door No.149,TTK Road, in the

Ground floor and

2150 Sq. ft. in the first floor in S. No.3705 part of Sriram Nagar, TTK Road, Chennai-18

M/s. Lex Property Development(P) Ltd.,Doc.No.125/94dt.24.2.94Ex.P.357,00,040PW.2
681.29 acres in S.No.18/4A1 ofEnjambakkam VillageM/s. J FarmHouseDoc.No.1017/94Dt.25.2.94Ex.P.236,49,770.00PW.25,
6916.75 cents in S.No.1/1F and old RS No.1/1C4of SholinganalloreVillageTr.V. N.SudhakaranDoc.No.189/book IV/1994dt.9.3.94Ex.P.30,Ex.P.43,

Ex.C.1, Ex.C.2

125.00PW.16
70Actual considerationPaidto Rs.2,35,200/-And by cash Rs.3,35,000/- on8.3.94 for purchase of 6.75 cents Ex.P.435,70,200.00PW.16
71Actual considerationOf Rs.2,35,200/- andBy cash Rs.3,35,000/- On 8.3.94 for purchase of 16.50 cents Doc.No.190/Book IV/1994 dt. 9.3.94Ex.P.31, Ex.P.34125.00PW.7,PW.51
72Actual consideration by DD Rs.530400 and by cash of Rs.335000. Ex.P.448,65,400.00PW.16,
7316.75 cents inR.S.No.1/1Fold R.S.No.1/1C4 atSholinganallore  Village Ex.P.32, 45125.00PW.7,PW.51
74Actual considerationBy DD 2,35,200 andCash of Rs.3,35,000 Ex.P.745,70,200.00PW.45
756 grounds 1087sq. ft. in 581 sq.ft.undivided share oflandinS.No.61/1,62, 66/2 in plot No.17, 17-A and 18, Wallace Garden in Nungambakkam

Village

M/s. LexPropertyDevelopment (P) Ltd.,Doc.No.370/94Dt. 28.4.94Ex.P.6472,84,008.00PW.136
766 grounds 1087 sq. ft. in 581 sq.ft. undivided share ofLand in S.No.61/1,62,66/2 inPlot No.17, 17-A and18, Wallace Garden in Nungambakkam VillageM/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,Doc.No.371/94Dt.28.4.94Ex.P.6482,84,008.00PW100, PW136
776 grounds 1087 sq. ft. In 581 sq.ft. undivided Share of land in S.No.61/1,62,66/2 in plot No.17, 17-A and 18, Wallace Garden inNungambakkam VillageM/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,Doc.No.372/94Dt.3.5.94Ex.P.6492,84,008.00PW100PW136
786 grounds 1087 sq. ft. in 581 sq.ft. undivided share of land in S.No.61/1,62,66/2inPlot No.17, 17-A and18, Wallace Garden in Nungambakkam VillageM/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,Doc.No.373/94Dt.4.5.94Ex.P.6502,84,008.00PW100PW136
793.30 acres S.No.403/3, 401/2 Siruthavur Village.Tr. VNSudhakaranDoc.No.222/94dt.24.05.94Ex.P.905, 157894,475.00PW141PW159PW201
8034 cents together with 26 coconut trees in S.No.165/8B in Vettuvankeni villageM/s.GreenFarmHousesDoc.No.260/94Dt. 16.6.94Ex.P-1196,1197, 11981,21,040.00PW159
810.34 acres togetherWith 26 coconut Trees in S.No.165/7B In Vettuvankeni villageM/s.GreenFarmHousesDoc. No.261/94Dt.16.6.94Ex.P.9071,21,040.00PW159
820.34 acres togetherWith 26 coconut trees In S.No.165/9A in Vettuvankeni villageM/s.GreenFarmHousesDoc.No.262/94Dt.16.6.94Ex.P.11981,21,040.00PW159
83Undivided share ofLand to the extent of880/72000 in 10grounds and 640 sq.ft at Door No.98/99 (old No.38) of Northern Row of Luz Church

Road, Mylapore in R.S.No.1639/5

Jaya PublicationsDoc.No. 282/94Dt.27.6.94Ex. P-79, 802,26,130.00PW.30,PW159
84Land and building tothe extent of 4800 sq. ft. with a buildingBoth in the ground and first floor in S.No.5202 of T.Nagar, Village which is now knownAs Murugesa Mudali Street.M/s. JayRealEstateDoc.No.1325/94dt.19.07.94Ex.P.2933,44,040PW.6,PW.7
85Land and building in Plot No.40 and 41 with a built up area of 900 sq. ft. both in the Ground and firstfloors (land extent 5grounds) of solinganallur village in S.No.1/1C5 which is now known as No.1, Murphy Street, Akkarai Village.J.S. HousingDevelopmentDoc.No.3348/94Dt.10.8.94Ex.P749,95,670.00PW.26,PW.50
8653 acres 66 cents inS.No.436/6, 467/3,468/2, 472/5, 401/8,462/8, 472/5, 401/8,

462/8, 467/2, 484/1A,

484/1C, 489/1, 462/3,

466/4, 462/7, 468/2,

490/1, 467/1, 464/7 in Cherakulam Village, S.Nos.188/3, 221/1in

Vallakulam village

RiverwaAgroProducts(Pvt)

Ltd.,

Doc.No.429/94dt.22.8.94Ex.P.3241,21,389.00PW.76,PW.159
873 acres 51cents in S.No.43/2KarunkuzhipallamVillageJ.VivekDoc. No.478/94Dt.15.9.94Ex.P.751,58,310.00PW27,PW159
884 acres 52 cents inS.No.46 in KarunkuzhipallamVillageJ. VivekDoc. No.479/94Dt. 15.09.94Ex.P.762,03,510PW.27,PW.159
894 acres 15 cents inS.No.45 in KarunkuzhipallamvillageJ. VivekDoc. No.480/94Dt. 15.9.94Ex.P.771,86,356PW.28,PW159
904 acres 15 centsIn KarunkuzhipallamvillageJ. VivekDoc. No.481/94Dt. 15.9.94Ex.P.781,86,226PW.28,PW159
914380 Sq. Ft. land with520 Sq. Ft. house inS.No.588/2A, 2B,inThiruvenkada Nagar

Colony

M/s.SasikalaEnterpriseDoc. No.509/94Dt. 26.9.94Ex.P.462,65,000PW.17,PW159PW161
9337 cents in. No.165/9BIn Vettuvankeni Enjambakkam VillageGreen Farm HouseDoc. No.521/94Dt. 27.9.94 Ex.P.125, 12001,24,540.00PW.48,  PW159 PW182
942 grounds 733Sq. Ft.land and building inDoor No.150, TTKRoad (R.S.No.3705)

Plot 1-A

M/s. LexPropertyDevelopment (P)Ltd.,Doc. No.794/94Dt. 29.9.94Ex.P.47, 132459,28,050PW.81
955.80 acresin S.No.392/6, 380/4, 5, 392/3, 5, 1, 2, 4, 381/9, 380/1, 2 in Payyanoor village.Tmt. N. SasikalaDoc. No.595/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.96, 1528,18991,95,800PW.40, PW159
963.52 acres inSl.No.391/1, 2, 3,5, 6, 7, 392/8, 9,10, 11 in Payyanoor villageTmt. N.SasikalaDoc. No.596/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.972,86,520PW.40,PW159
975.28 acres in S.No.384/1, 3, 404/1, 381/3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11 in Payyanoor VillageTmt. N.SasikalaDoc. No.597/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.982,54,670PW.40,PW159
980.40 acres in S.No.383 In Payyanoor villageTmt.N.SasikalaDoc. No.598/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.991,94,012.00PW.40,PW159
990.40 acres in S.No. 383 in Payyanoor VillageTmt.N.SasikalaDoc. No.599/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.1002,04,012.00PW.40,PW159
1002.76 acres inS.No.403inPayyanoorVillageTmt.N.SasikalaDoc. No.600/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.1011,76,910.00PW.40,PW159
1014.23 acresIn S.No.379/2 and379/3 of PayyanoorVillageTmt. NSasikalaDoc. No.601/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.1022,14,810.00PW.40,PW159
1020.51 acres in S.No.381/9, 392/1 and 392/2 in PayyanoorTmt. N. SasikalaDoc. No.602/94Dt. 11.10.94Ex.P.1032,14,810.00PW.40, PW159
1033197 Sq.Ft.T.S.No.115/P,117/P,127/7 in ArumbakkamMahasubha Lakshmi

Kalyana Mandabam

 DocNo. P 262/94Dt. 31.10.94Ex.P.688,55,150PW.22,PW159
1044564.sq. ft. of site and Building in T.S.No.2 and T.S.No.18, Block No.22 Which is called No. Parameswari Nagar, Urur Village.JayaPublicationsDoc. No.703/94Dt. 15.11.94Ex.P.70,71,

1927,

1020

34,20,160PW.23,PW159PW201
10573 acres 90 centsIn S.No.471,494/1B,495/2, 405/1G,464,462/9, 2,831/4A,4C, 262/2, 494/1B, 95/2, 405/237,405/23C,401/202,601/2C1C,468/8,469/8, 489/1C, 405/19, 405/20A,409/20, 462/62, 402/12, 405/10, 497,501,457,498/2, 1,491/11,492/2, 389/1, 467/3, 466/6, 469/2, 495, 466/6, 497, 501, 598/2, 498, 601/1, 602/1A, 601/2A6,476/5, 4, 484/3, 4, 465/11A,11, 11CA, 12C, 13, 60, 14, 16, 406/3, 60, 14, 16, 406/3, in Cherrakulam villageRiverway Agro Products (Pvt.) Ltd.,Doc. No. 649/94Dt. 17.11.94Ex.P. 3301,67,126.00PW.76,
10669.78 acres in 406/2, 485/2, 460/8, 598/1, 460/6, 467/3, 487/1, 455/9, 485/9, 487/1, 467/3, 367/3, 66/6, 466/6, 469/2, 469/2, 63/1, 406/16, 463/1, 406/16, 463/5B, 469/2, 464/4, 405/16, 60/4, 274/1B, 462/9, 462/9, 464/5, 467/2, 598/1, 398/7, 467/3, 474/5, 487/3C, 464/3, 469/9, 262/2, 468/2, 490/1 in Cherrakulam villageRiverwayAgroProduct

s

(Pvt)

Ltd.,

Doc No.695/94Dt. 17.11.94Ex.P.3391,37,204.00PW.76, PW.159
107Extent 60 acres 65-1/2 Cents in 486, 495/4, 453/2, 422/2, 459/2, 602/2C, 602/2A3A, 603/1, 602/2C, 604/2B,495/2, 462/4, 912, 259/2, 472/9, 471, 496/1, 491/1, 496/3, 491/2, 4, 5, 10, 495/2, 491, 492/2 in Cherkulam villageRiver wayAgro Products(Pvt.) Ltd.,Doc No.696/94Dt. 17.11.94Ex.P.3451,37,204PW.76, PW.159
10842 acres 31 centsinS.No.823/9,817/10, 822/5, 823/3, 817/2C, 35, 36, 159, 37/3, 2,149/2, 149/3, 37/2, 130/2, 3,110/2,817/5, 9,373/4,382/3, 374/1, 378/4, 1072/10,11,817/2, 2,1073/1, 1075/7, 822/2, 543/11, 543 in Meerkulam in villageRiver wayAgro  Products (Pvt.) Ltd.,Doc. No.697/94Dt. 17.11.94Ex.P.35095,740PW.76,PW159
10934 acres and 81-1/2 cents in VallakulamVillage in 221/4, 218/9A, 90, 225/2, 204/2, 204/7, 220/2, 681/6, 210/5, 223/2, 224/5A, 224/5, 6, 197/4, 4B, 4,198/1,217/2, 618/7, 220/4, 220/1, 221/5, 225/1, 219/4 213/5, 225/1, 224/2A, 222/2BRiver wayAgroProducts (Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.698/94Dt. 17.11.94Ex.P.35778,801PW.76,PW.159
11050 cents in S.No.2/1B, 3A in Solinganallur VillageM/s.J Farm HousesDoc. No.759/94Dt. 12.12.94Ex.P.72, 90978,801PW.24, PW.50, PW159
11112.70 acres In S.No.701/2,654/8,605/4, 685/5, 9, 583/8, 601/7, 198/6, 199/2,4, 594/2, 688/2 in Uthukkadu VillageMeadow Agro Farms (Pvt.)Ltd.,Doc. No.808/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.1611,50,660 
11214.42 acres in S.No.685,693/4, 698/1, 685/8, 687/4B, 689/6, 1,692, 698/3 in Uthukadu village,MeadowAgro Farms(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.898/94Dt.22.12.94Ex.P.2911,68,280PW.70
1138.60 acres in S.No.136/1, 2, 3, 137, 138/3, 139, 172/3A, 4A, 173/2A,2C in Uthukkadu VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt.) Ltd.,Doc. No.810/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.1481,06,343.00PW.54, PW159
1146.98 acres in S.No.386/2,402/1, 293/4A, 294/2A, 24/2B in Kalavai VillageRiver wayAgro Products(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.811/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.36315,888.00PW.76, PW159
11555.00 ½ acres inS.No.682/6, 203/6,In Vallakulam villageRiver wayAgro Products(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.812/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.3661,24,433.00PW.76, PW159
11657.01 acres in S.No.224/4B,204/2 in Vallakulam VillageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.813/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.3771,28,963.00PW.76, PW159
11789.62 acres in S.No.496,221/3, 217/8 and other Nos. in VallakulamvillageRiver wayAgro Products(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.814/94Dt. 22.12.942,02,658.00PW.76, PW 159
11880.95 ½ acres in S.No.470/3, 504/2B and other Nos. inCherakulam villageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.815/94.Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.961,83,076.00PW.76,PW 159
11971.57 acres in S.no.262/1C, 03/2C, 260/2A and other Nos. in Cherrakulam VillageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.816/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.4081,71,183.00PW.76, PW 159
12068.09 ½ acres in S.No.374/1/3, 378/4, 333 and other Nos. in Meerankulam villageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt) Ltd.Doc. No.817/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.4091,54,009.00PW.76PW159
12178.09 ½ in S.No.832/1, 527/5, 536/2A and other Nos. in Meerankulam villageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt)

Ltd.,

Doc. No.818/94Dt. 22.12.94Ex.P.4311,76,609.00PW.76, PW 159
1224293 Sq. Ft. together with a building (2000 Sq. Ft. Ground Floor, 2600 Sq.Ft. First Floor) in S. No.6794 which is called No.68, Habibullah Road, T. Nagar, Madras-17M/s.AnjaneyaPrinters(P) Ltd.,Doc. No.874/94Dt. 30.12.94Ex.P.51343,56,142PW.86, PW159
1233472 Sq.Ft. together with building 3000 sq. ft. ground floor3700sq.ft.first FloorinSurveyNo.6794 which iscalled69, Habibullah Road,T. Nagar.M/s.AnjaneyaPrinters(P)Ltd.,Doc. No.875/94Dt. 30.12.94Ex.P.51559,96,346PW.86,PW159
12448.95 acres in S.No.252, 264/24, 250, 255/1, 494/3, 495/3, 499/3, 504/2, 505/1,50/1, 543/2, 599/3,1/3, 602, 603/3, 605/3, 251/297/1, 250/1, 401, 468, 258/1, 68/3, 461/1, 54, 25, 254, 255 in Cherakulam VillageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.9/95Dt. 6.1.95Ex.P.4431,10,738PW159PW.76,PW159
12554.98 acres in S.No.62, 68/2, 59/2, 69/3, 78/2, 75/1, 78/7, 212/3, 484/1, 484, 492, 67/3, 206/6, 85/2, 59,491 in VallakulamVillageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.10/95Dt. 6.1.95Ex.P.4501,24,370PW.76,PW159
12662.65 acres in S.No.130, 823/9 inCherakulam village and S.No. 830/5, 6, 729/24, 168/1, 169/3, 5, 452/3, 815/12, 15, 822/3, 4, 817/4, 321/7, 137/6 138/3, 9, 326/7, 420/1, 425, 393/3, 133, 136/1, 2, 669, 392/5, 6, 393/6, 816/2, 814/5, 97/3, 99/11, 1, 490/3, 68/2, 84/6,62, 130/1, 149/4, 813/8, 374/7, 374/9, 384/7, 94/1, 96/4, 804, 420/9, 539/1, 804/1, 816/2, 117/5, 417/4, 347/1, 542/4of Meerankulam VillageRiverwayAgroProducts(Pvt)

Ltd.,

Doc. No.11/95Dt. 6.1.95Ex.P.4561,14,301PW.76, PW159
1283.11 acres inS.No.79 in VandampalaiVillageM/s.Ramaraj AgroMills Ltd.,Doc. No.25/95Dt. 11.1.95Ex.P.14374,471.00PW.52,PW159
1294.44 acres inS.No.80, 88/1 inVandampalai villageM/s.RamarajAgro MillsLtd.,Doc. No.26/95Dt. 11.1.95Ex.P.1441,06,269PW.52,PW159
1301.31 acres In S.No.81/1,2 inKeelagavathukudiVillage and 5.19Acres in S.No.84/1,

1C in Vandampalai

village

M/s.RamarajAgroMills

Ltd.,

Doc. No.27/95Dt. 11.1.95Ex.P.1451,53,201PW.52,PW159
1318.91 acres in S.No.77/1B,1A, 1C, 81/1A, 82/1B petition. In Vandampalai Village and Keelagavathukudi villageM/s. RamarajAgro MillsLtd.,Doc. No.28/95Dt. 11.1.95Ex.P.1462,13,061PW.52, PW159
1323.84acresInS.No.81/4inVandampalai villageM/s. Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd.,Doc. No.29/95Dt. 11.1.95Ex.P.77298,293PW149PW159
1336 acres in S.No.597/1,370/1, 375/6, 377/2, 671/5, 671/7, 610/2In Uthukkadu VillageMeadow AgroFarms (Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.32/95Dt. 12.1.95Ex.P.16573,796PW.56,PW.159
13411.66 acres in S.No. 650/2, 646/4, 4h, 316/3, 9, 148/1, 337/7,5, 368/1, 371/2, 375/4, 6, 11, 9, 369/6, 384/9, 330/1e, 1f, 1i, 2, 365/1c, 1d, 1a, 1h, 2, 3, 4, 646/4b, 4jMeadowAgroFarms(Pvt)

Ltd.,

Doc. No.33/95Dt. 12.1.95Ex.P.1721,41,507PW.56,PW159
1358.10 acres in S.No.78.1, 2, 75, 76/5, 2A, 77/1D inVandampalai VillageM/s. RamarajAgro Mills Ltd.,Doc. No.74/95Dt. 31.1.95Ex.P.1471,93,820PW.53,PW159
1369.65 acres in Uthukkadu Village in S.No.596/6, 7, 8, 658/2, 150/1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 187, 200/3B, in Uthukkadu VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.148/95Dt. 13.2.95Ex.P.1741,13,803PW.56, PW159
13710.29 acres inS.No.336/12, 336/12, 368/10, 16, 145/12, 146/4, 609/1, 609/2, 610/1, 595/1, 596/2, 3, 5, 638/2, 6 in UthukkaduVillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.149/95Dt. 13.2.95Ex.P.1801,25,386PW.56,PW159
13816.51 acresIn S.No. 260/5, 462/10, 464/3, 465/5, 462/8, 401/9, 464/2, 262, 257, 401/4, 407/2, 9/3A, of Cherrakulam villageRiver way Agro Products (Pvt.)Ltd.,Doc. No.175/95Dt. 21.2.95Ex.P.46737,693PW.76, PW159
13930.75 acres inS.No. 199/4, 218/1B, 221/8, 36/1, 182/1, 205/2A, 220/1, 204/5, 6, 215/1, 13, 224/17, 210/3, 194/7, 198/3, 199/5, 97/10, in Vallakulam villageRiver wayAgro Products(Pvt.)Ltd.,Doc. No.176/95Dt. 21.2.95Ex.P.47276,745.00PW.76,PW159
14051.40 acres S.No. 385/3 288/4, 543/8B, 536/4A, 416/8B, 832/3, 825/1, 827/7A, 313/3B, 817/8,831/6, 543/8, 849/2,848, 830/4B, 829/3A, 825/8, 827/11, 418/6, 310/11, 822/3, 536/1, 530/5, 149/5, 543/13B, 543/10, 543/11, 413/2, 817/5, 813/2B, 535/4, 17, 5/2 823/8, 538/3 in Meerankulam villageRiver way agroProducts (Pvt)Ltd.Doc. No.117/95,Dt. 21.2.95Ex.P 4771,17,016PW76,PW159
14159.82 acres inS.No.535/20, 13, 14,10, 828/6, 829/7, 814/4, 816/5B, 4C,414/2B, 413/4, 416/3, 418/3, 367/3, 8, 388/1, 1072, 1072/5, 6, 1072/12, 367/4, 1072/8, 171/10, 820/2, 3

70/6, 335/4A, 158, 61/1, 137/8, 346/2, 358/3, 7/8, 374/12, 132/1A, 132/1C, 112/4C, 4B, 132/1B, 112/4A, 11/6B, 341/1, 350/7, 341/3,

345/3, 346/1, 1066/12, 543/15, 347/3, 54/2A2, 416

River wayAgro Product(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.178/95Dt. 21.2.95Ex.P.4881,36,491PW.76,PW159
1428.32acresinS.No.351/7, 189/2, 195/2, 199/7, 649/4, 574/10 of UthukkaduVillage.MeadowAgro Farms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.213/95Dt. 8.3.95Ex.P.18499,353PW.56,PW159
1438.65 acres in S.No. 334/1, 338/10, 359/3, 653/1, 654/1,590/3, 5, 213/10, 369/7, 369/7, 9, 330/1A, 1F, 357/6, 365/1, 369/8, 605/1, 2, 3, 371/1 of Uthukkadu VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt.)Ltd.,Doc. No.214/95Dt. 8.3.95Ex.P.1901,03,242PW.56,PW 159
1441.08 acres in S.No.612/2A 2 of Uthukadu villageMeadow Agro Farms(Pvt.) Ltd.,Doc. No.238/95Dt. 17.3.95Ex.P.15316,004PW.55,PW 159
146Cost of construction of labour quarters(five) in ground floor and (Five) in first floor, 10 numbers in ground floor and10 numbers in first floor, construction of first floor for Guest House, over the existing ground floor and construction ofplatform in M/s. Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., campus At Vandampalai during 1994-95 Ex.P.82257,19,800PW153
147Cost of construction of compound wall, twin house, staff quarters for Eight numbers and MDbungalow in ramrajat Vandampalai in1994-94 Ex.P.82283,41,000PW153
1481.08 acres inS.No.612/2A1 ofUthukadu villageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.239/95 Dt. 17.3.95 Ex.P.15412,764.00PW.55, PW159
1491.80 acres inS.No.612/1, inUthukadu VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.240/95Dt. 16.3.95Ex.P.15521,173PW.55, PW159
15111.25 acres inS.No.611/2 ofUthukadu VillageMeadowAgroFarms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.241/95Dt. 17/3.95Ex.P.1561,31,649PW.55, PW159
1526.40 ½ acres inS.No.577/4, 2, 322/1, 360/13, 332/5, 2, 366/5, 577/6, 7, 370/3Of Uthukadu VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No.242/95Dt. 17.3.95Ex.P.19777,203PW.56,PW159
1531/6th undividedshare of land in 5ground and 1133sq. ft. in S.No.3334/1A of

Luz, Avenue.

Tr.VNSudhakaranDoc. No.249/95Dt. 21.3.95Ex.P.10710,87,196PW.43,PW159
1541/6th undivided share of land in five grounds and 1133 sq. ft. in S.No.3334/1A in Mylapore, Luz Avenue (Chennai-4)Tmt.J.Elavarasi.Doc. No.248/95Dt. 21.3.95Ex.P.10610,87,196PW.43, PW 159
1551/6th undivided share of land in 5 grounds and 1133 sq. ft. in S. No.3334/1A in Mylapore, Luz Avenue.Tmt.N.SasikalaDoc No.247/95Dt. 21.3.95Ex.P.10510,87,196PW.43, PW159
1561/6th undividedshare of land in five grounds and1133 sq. ft. inS.No.3334/1A of Luz AvenueJ.S.HousingDevelopmentDoc. No.250/95Dt. 21.3.95Ex.P.10810,87,196PW.43, PW 159
1571/6th undivided share of land in 5 grounds and 1133 Sq. Ft. in S.No.3334/1A of Luz AvenueM/s. AnjaneyaPrinters(P)Ltd.,Doc. No.251/95Dt.21.3.95Ex.P.10910,87,196PW.43PW159
1581/6th undividedshare ofland in 5groundsand1133 Sq. Ft. inS.No.3334/1A of

Luz Avenue

JayaContractorsAnd BuildersDoc.No. 252/95Dt 21.3.95Ex.P.11010,87,196PW.43PW159
16011 cents land andbuilding inS.No.74/1in Neelankarai VillageM/s. LexPropertyDevelopment(P)Ltd.,Doc. No.293/95Dt 4.4.95Ex.P.1357,98,945PW.51,PW159
16111 cents land andbuilding inS.No.74/1in Neelankarai VillageM/s. LexPropertyDevelopment(P) Ltd.,Doc. No.294/95Dt. 4.4.95Ex.P.1369,49,995PW.51, PW159
1623197 sq. ft.In T.S.No.115/pt, 117/pt, 127/7 ptIn Arumbakkam villageMahasubhaLakshmiKalyanaMandabamDoc.No. 295/95Dt 4.4.95Ex.P.698,55,150PW.22PW159
163Land and building to the extent of26540 sq.ft. withaSuper structure in T.No.No.3077 to 3079 whichIs known as No.30, VOCNagar, Tanjore TownM/s. LexPropertyDevelopment(P)Ltd.,Dt. 19.4.95Doc.No. 327/95Ex.P.71719,03,888PW.78,PW127PW159
1647.11 ½ acres andin S.No.239/9, 10, 11, 244/6, 293/4B, 358/1, 384/1, 596/2, 596/9, 605/4, 632/1A, 680/1 ofUthukadu villageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt.)Dt. 4.5.95Doc.No. 360/95Ex.P20784,784PW.56PW159

ANNEXURE-II(Ex.P.2338)

16515.71 acres inS.No.591/2,322/7, 8, 5, 226/10, 649/4, 150/8, 349/1, 3, 333/5, 6, 7, 3, 370/5, 6, 576/1, 585/2, 331/5, 595/4, 5, 597/1, 596/12, 595/7, 589/5, 6,7, 578/2, 3, 4, 583/8, 4, 6, 360/3, 5, 215/5, 216/2 In Uthukadu Village.Meado Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No. 361/95Dt. 4.5.95Ex.P.2141,88,572PW.56PW159
166Kodanad Tea EstateAnd Tea Factory, Extent900 acres at Kothagiri, Nilgiris District acquiredOn an unregd reconstitution of Partnership deed dt.

5.6.95attotalcostof

Rs.7,60,000.00 payment through six

Chequesdt.5.5.95

Tmt. N. Sasikala,Tmt. J. ElavarasiAnd Tr.VNSudhakaranEx.P.1510,1515,1516,1517,1576, 1630,1618,11017,60,00,000PW201
1679.50 acres in S.No.324,681/6, 360/9, 184/3, 632/2,239/5, 309/5, inUthukadu VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt) Ltd.,Doc. No.446/95Dt. 13.6.95Ex.P.2211,12,213PW.56PW159
16820.33 acres in S.No.198/18 of inVelakapuram VillageMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt)Ltd.,Doc. No. 467/95Dt. 3.7.95Ex.P.91040,197PW159
16920.89 acres inS.No.198/180F8 andOther Nos. InMeadowAgro Farms(Pvt.) Ltd.,Doc. No. 468/95Dt. 3.7.95Ex.P.91140,1975PW159
1702.03 acres in S.No.385/12, 385/13, 385/14 in PayyanoorVillageN.SasikalaDoc. No.191/95Dt. 19.7.95Ex.P.104,1510,

1518, 1631

3,44,195PW.41, PW159
1712.34 acres in S.No.385/7,8, 9, 386/1A, 1B, 1C, 1D,386/2 in Payanoor VillageN. SasikalaDoc. No. 493/95Dt. 19.7.95Ex.P.9133,91,655PW159
1720.90 acres in S.No.386/15, 385/1, 2, 3,  4,  5, 6 in PayyanurVillageN.SasikalaDoc. No. 493/95Dt. 19.7.95Ex.P.9133,21,030PW159
173Expenditure towardsacquisition of Indo-Doha Chemicals1.Tr. Ayyadurai,Promoter of Indo Doha

Pharmaceutical Rs.35,45,000/-

2. To interface capital market shares – Rs.24,05,000/-

3. To Ind Bank –Rs.27,41,000/-

 Doc. No.DtEx.P.86,91,000PW.84,PW.85,PW.92,PW201
 
74. OBJECTIONS OF THE ACCUSED:

In her written statement filed under Sec. 313 Cr.P.C., A-1 has taken up a definite stand in para 10 of the written statement, which reads as under;

“When I was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu between1991 and 1996, I acquired only one immovable property, a vacant site bearing Door No. 31-A Poes Garden, Chennai. I renovated my old house at Door No. 36, Poes Garden, Chennai, made a new construction at 31-A, Poes Garden, Chennai and also a Farm house in Hyderabad. The expenditures have been duly accounted for, disclosed to the Income-tax Department and accepted by them after in-depth scrutiny and verification of facts.”

i) The other accused have taken up a plea that they were having independent source of income and assets. They were individually assessed under the Income-tax Act, and the various properties standing in their names were acquired out of their earnings or the business income of the firms floated by them and therefore, the prosecution is not justified in clubbing their assets with the properties of A-1.

ii) In para 20 of the written statement submitted by A-2 under Sec. 243 (1) Cr.P.C., she has stated as under;

“At all times, I had independent income and Selvi Jayalalitha had her own independent income and assets in her name. All the four of us were having independent source of income and assets and were individually assessed under the Income Tax Act. Hence, clubbing the assets of myself with A- 1 is unjustified and illegal both in law and in fact.”

iii) A-2 has taken up a further plea that she is a partner in Jaya Publications. From 1990 onwards, the firm had floated a scheme whereunder, any person could invest by making deposit of Rs.12,000/- to Rs.18,000/- with Jaya Publications. The depositors were entitled to get a particular number of copies of the daily news paper “Namadhu MGR” free of cost. The said news paper carried the news items and the messages of the General Secretary of AIADMK party. A-1 was and is the General Secretary of the party. She has specifically stated in the written statement that during the check period, an amount of Rs. 14,30,35,000/- was collected and the said scheme was disclosed to the Income Tax Department and has been duly accepted by the Income-Tax Authorities up to the level of Income Tax Appellate Tribunal.

iv) Regarding the various items of immovable properties listed by the prosecution in various Annexures, A-2 has contended that she is not related to the immovable properties at Sl. Nos. 18 to 306 viz., 18, 24, 27 to 31, 49, 50, 56 to 67, 75 to 79, 86 to 90, 94, 103, 105 to 109, 111 to 121, 124 to 154, 160 to 165, 167 to 169, 173, 174, 176, 177, 179 to 182, 186, 192 to 194, 196 to 200, 206 to 208, 210, 211, 216, 225 to 228, 230 to 233, 235, 237, 240, 242, 248, 249, 251, 252, 258, 262 to 284, 286, 288 to 292, 295, 296, 298, 302, 303, 305 and 306 of Annexure II.

v) Regarding the other properties, she has narrated in detail the mode of payment made to the respective vendors for purchase of these properties and has mentioned the source from which these items of immovable properties were purchased and has contended that all the expenses incurred for the purchase of the above properties have been declared by her and other accused individually and the Income-tax authorities have accepted the returns filed by them after thorough scrutiny and therefore, the allegations made against them are liable to be rejected.

vi) A-3 has also taken up a similar defence contending that during the check period, he was carrying on a business under the name and style “Super Duper TV” involved in production, coverage of programmes including entertainment programmes, software equipment hire and erection of dish antenna and cable TV net work. He was also carrying on the business in consultation, investment, programming, trading and vehicle hiring and was also selling mushrooms purchased from M/s Fresh Mushrooms and had earned Rs.56 lakh from the coverage of film clippings, which were telecasted in DD and other TV channels during the World Tamil Conference.

vii) A-3 has taken up a further defence that he along with A-2 became a share holder of the company i.e., Anjeneya Printers and this Anjeneya Printers acquired the following properties viz: –

1. Padmanabha StreetRs. 15,96,150.00
2. Habibullah RoadRs. 1,03,52,488.00
3. Luz Avenue 1/6th shareRs. 10,87,196.00
 
According to A-3, the premises where the machinery was found, was not exclusively in the occupation of M/s Anjeneya Printers Pvt., Ltd., but it was also in the occupation of M/s Jaya Publications. Regarding the valuation of machinery, A-3, in his written statement, has put forth a plea that large items of machinery were purchased from Mr. Shroff, which were under his use. The said machinery was valued at Rs. 20,16,000/-. Besides the above, certain other machinery were taken from M/s Jaya Publications on lease. The expenditure incurred by M/s Anjeneya Printers Pvt. Ltd., were submitted to the Income-tax department and were accepted by them. The total cost of machinery, which was shown in the books of M/s Anjeneya Printers Pvt., Ltd., at Rs. 74,14,935/- has been accepted by the Income-tax department after scrutiny. The total cost of machinery which is inventoried under Ex. P-664 would be Rs.94,30,935/-including the cost of machinery purchased from Mr. Shroff amounting to Rs. 20,16,000/-. Therefore, Rs.1,22,11,065/- is liable to be excluded from item No. 194 of the Annexure-II.

viii) A.3 has further contended that an amount of Rs. 50.98 lakhs shown towards the conveyance charges is totally unjustified and opposed to law. With regard to the cost of construction at Ekkatu Thangal, A-3 has contended that the entire cost of construction shown by the prosecution at Rs.2,13, 63,450/- is liable to be excluded for the reason that the site on which the building is situate belongs to a different company by name Shastry Nuts and Bolts. It is specifically stated in para 20 of the written statement that Anjeneya Printers Pvt., Ltd., is a tenant of the building and has been paying rent to M/s Shastry Nuts and Bolts. Therefore, the above said amount of Rs.2,13,63,450/- is liable to be excluded totally.

The learned Sessions Judge at sub-paragraph of 76.6 has narrated the evidence of PW.17-Tmt.Sundari. PW.17 Tmt. Sundari Shankar, the owner of the aforesaid property deposed on oath that, she was the owner of plot at C-62, Thiruvenkata Nagar, Ambaltur, Chennai measuring 4830 Sq. Ft. She had constructed a house measuring 600 Sq. Ft. therein. She wanted to sell that land. Her neighbour one Ramesh wanted to buy it. She entered into an agreement to sell the said property for Rs.5 lakhs and received Rs.1.75 lakh as advance. But the said Ramesh could not purchase the property and PW.17 was not in a position to refund the advance money. After two or three months, the said Ramesh told PW.17 that, a person close to Selvi J. Jayalalitha has come forward to buy the property and she was taken to registration office and executed thesale deed. PW.16 specifically deposed in her chief-examination that the sale amount was Rs.5 lakhs. Out of that amount, a D.D. for Rs.1,90,000/- was given to her and out of the remaining amount, Ramesh took Rs.1,75,000/- due to him and gave her the rest of the amount in cash. Her daughter Bama Chandran and Ramesh have signed the sale deed as witnesses. She further deposed that the amount given as cash is not shown in the sale deed. In the cross-examination she denied the suggestion that she had entered into an agreement with Ramesh for Rs.1,90,000/-. She asserted in the cross-examination that the said agreement was for Rs.5 lakhs. She also denied the suggestion that at the instance of the police she has falsely stated that she had taken Rs. 5 lakhs in connection with the said dealing.

76.7) It is the submission of the learned Counsel for A-2 that the so called agreement entered into with Ramesh is not produced in evidence and more over her testimony being contrary to Sec.92 of the Evidence Act, no reliance can be placed on her testimony. The learned Counsel also pointed out that, Ramesh, the attester to Ex.P.46 is examined as PW.161 but in his evidence he has not spoken anything about the execution of the agreement for Rs.5 lakhs with PW.17. Therefore, the claim made by the prosecution in this regard is not supported by oral or documentary evidence.

76.8) I have gone through the evidence of PW.161 Sri. R.Ramesh, the Asst. Manager at Indian Bank, Abirampuram Branch. The relevant portion of his chief examination reads as under;

“During December 1992, to purchase a house and a vacant site in Thiruvenkata Nagar, Ambaltur, Chennai from Mrs. Sundari Shankar in the name of myself and my wife, we executed a sale agreement for that I gave Rs.1,75,000/- to Sundari Shankar as advance. To purchase the above mentioned property, I wanted to avail loan from our bank. But they told that the loan will not given for old house. I informed Sundari Shankar about this and asked her to return the advance she had taken. But she told me that as she had invested the advance money in a property in Porur, she could not return the advance. She told me to sell that property to another person and take my advance. So requested out Manager Mrs. Susarita Sunder Rajan, to make arrangements for the above mentioned property to be sold to Mrs. Sasikala. She spoke to Tmt. Sasikala and finally agreed to purchase that property for Rs. 5 lakhs. In September 1994, I brought the above Sundari Shankar to District Registration Office (North Chennai) and arrayed for the registration. Then, Mr. Raja Gopalan was the District Registrar. Mr. Raja Gopalan gave the sale amount for the above mentioned property. Rs.1,90,000/- was given as a D.D. in the name of Mrs. Sundari Shankar. The remaining Rs.3,10,000/- was given to me as cash from that amount. I took the advance of Rs.1,75,000/- which I had paid. I handed over the remaining amount and the demand draft to Mrs. Sundari Shankar. In the sale deed I have signed as a witness. ”

In the cross-examination it is elicited that, PW.161 did not show the agreement copy to the police. However, he has maintained in the cross-examination that his wife and he signed the agreement in which they fixed the price as Rs.5 lakhs as sale amount for that house. In the further cross-examination PW.161 has answered thus;

“My wife and I gave back the agreement we made to them. We dont have the photo copy for that. I dont have any documents regarding the agreement with Mrs. Sundari Shankar. I dont have any documents regarding the loan availed in the bank regarding the agreement with Mrs. Sundari Shankar, these is only the oral deposition. I have given my wife and I gave Rs.1,75,000/- to Mrs. Sundari Shankar as cash.”

76.9) Thus, it could be seen that, PW.161 has substantially corroborated the testimony of PW.17 with regard to the prior agreement of sale entered into between PW.17 and PW.161. Both these witnesses have stated that, at the time of execution of the sale deed, Rs.1,75,000/- was paid as advance consideration and the said amount was refunded to PW.161 at the time of execution of the sale deed Ex.P.46. It is borne on record that the sale consideration in Ex.P.46 is shown as Rs.1,90,000 and it is also not in dispute that the said consideration of Rs.1,90,000/- was paid to PW.17 through D.D. Under the said circumstances, if in fact the said consideration was the total  consideration received by PW.17 in respect of sale transaction, naturally a question would arise as to how PW.17 would have repaid the advance received by her in respect of very same transaction. It is not the case of either of the parties that PW.161 was repaid Rs.1,75,000/- after encashment of the D.D. In all probability, PW.161 would not have signed the sale deed as witnesses if the advance consideration paid by him was not refunded to him before the registration of sale deed. Therefore, the testimony of PW.161 appears to be nearer to the truth. In this context, the answers elicited from the mouth of PW.161 in the course of the cross-examination that the sale agreement was returned to the vendor appears to be probable and leads to the inference that, on refund of Rs.1,75,000/- on the execution of the sale deed the agreement of sale was returned to the vendor. There is nothing unnatural in the conduct of PW.161 and probabilities also suggest that he would not have allowed the sale to go through without getting the refund of the money paid by him. Accused have not brought on record any circumstance to show that, PW.161 has any reason to give false evidence against the accused taking upon himself the contractual relationship with PW.17. Therefore, taking into consideration the above facts and circumstances, I am not inclined to accept the contention raised by the accused in this regard.

77. Cash paid over and above Sale Consideration. Item No.24:

24 Amount paid to TNHB towards Rs.2,35,813.00 allotment of plot No.L-66, (Old No.524 N) Anna Nagar, Chennai-40, in favour of Tmt. J. Elavarasi

PW.128 Balakrishnan, Asst. Secretary, Tamil Nadu Housing Board has deposed that, as per Ex.P.718, Plot No.E-83, Besant Nagar was allotted to A-3. Ex.P.720 is the order of allotment. Ex.P.721 is the application submitted by A-3. Along with the application, address proof, income certificate and declaration that applicant is the wife and children, do not own any house or plot at any other place were required to be furnished and accordingly A-3 submitted the declaration and age proof and income certificate. In the income certificate Ex.P.732, the yearly income of A-3 is shown as Rs.44,000/- and as per Ex.P.724, the Tahsildar has certified that A-3 is residing at No.18, Balamuttukrishnan Street, Chennai-17. An allotment order was passed determining the total value of the plot at Rs.2,88,750/-. It was paid on 30.07.1992 as per Ex.P.725. The registration fee also was paid. The ownership was delivered. As per Ex.P.728, the Surveyor delivered the possession to A-3.

This witness further deposed that as per Ex.P.719 HIG Plot No.10, Egmore-374, Alwar Pet, Chennai was allotted to A-4 and again Plot No.524 was allotted instead of the earlier allotment as per Ex.P.729. Ex.P.730 is the application submitted by A-4. Along with the said application she submitted the income certificate as per Ex.P.732. Address proof as per Ex.P.733 and two certificates issued by the Tahsildar. As per Ex.P.732 the yearly income of A-4 was Rs.48,000/-. The total value of the plot is Rs.2,34,813/-The amount was paid as per Ex.P.735. The possession was delivered on 23.10.1992 as per Ex.P.736. On 25.02.1993 no objection certificate was granted to her to construct a residential house in the said plot.

In the cross-examination it is suggested to PW.128 that the site allotted to A-3 is still with the Housing Board and the money paid by A-3 should be returned. PW.128 denied the said suggestion. The allotment and the payment made by A-3 and A-4 in respect of the above allotment and the declarations given by them regarding their address and income status has not been disputed in the cross-examination. Hence the accused are not entitled for return of the amount.

It is the argument of the learned Counsel for A-2 that the evidence of PW.45 is hearsay evidence and therefore no credence could be given to his evidence. Tmt. Sucharita is not examined by the prosecution. No document is produced regarding the deposit of cash to the Bank account of Nageswara Rao on that day as spoken by the witnesses and therefore, the prosecution is not entitled to take into account any amount other than what is shown in the sale deed Ex.P.105 to P.110 and hence the entire amount of Rs.76,00,000/-included in item No.159 is liable to be deducted.

I have gone through Ex.P.111 to P.120. They are the copies of the current account pay-in slips for cash deposits. According to PW.44, he himself wrote these pay in slips in his hands as instructed by Tmt. Sucharita. But, on perusal of these documents, it is seen that, Ex.P.111 and P.112 are dt. 1.2.95. Ex.P.113 to P.119 are dated 28.2.95 and Ex.P.120 is dated 18.3.95. These pay-in slips stand for different amounts. Ex.P.111 dated 18.3.95 stands for Rs.14,50,000/-. According to PW.43, the sale deeds Ex.P.105 to P.110 were executed on 19.3.95 i.e., on a Sunday. He has no where stated in his evidence that the cash consideration of Rs.58.73 lakhs was paid to him any time earlier to the date of registration. That being the case, there is no reason for the bank Manager to instruct PW.144 to write the anterior date in the pay-in slips. There is no explanation as to why the different amount is entered in the said pay-in-slips if the entire amount of Rs.58.73lakhs was given to PW.43 on the date of the registration. In this context, it is also pertinent to note that, PW.43 was recalled at the instance of the accused and was subjected to further cross-examination on 29.1.2003 and at that time, PW.43 has given a totally different version about the credit of cash amount into his loan account stating that, by sale of the cameras, he raised Rs.75 lakhs and deposited the money into his account to clear the loan. But even in this regard there is no clear evidence, nonetheless, solely on the basis of the pay-in-slips produced by the prosecution at Ex.P.111 to P.121, it may not be safe to hold that huge sum of Rs.76 lakhs was paid into the hands of PW.43 when he himself was not the owner of the said properties. The owner of the property viz., his sister Ramayi Ammal is not examined before the Court, the Bank Manager is also not been examined. The loan account of PW.43 is not produced before the Court to ascertain the correctness of the statements made by the witnesses. Under the said circumstances, merely on the basis of the fact that PW.43 had filled in the pay-in-slips as directed by the Bank Manager Tmt. Sucharita, it cannot be concluded that a sum of Rs.76 lakhs was paid by the accused towards the cost of acquisition of Luz Avenue property. In this context, it is also relevant to note that the names of the purchaser were not entered in Ex.P.105 to P.110 at the time of registration of these documents. Though the entire transactions appear to be shoddy and suspicious and it is really shocking to note as to how the Registrar could register the document leaving the name of the purchaser blank. The endorsements made by the Registrar on this document indicate that the purchaser was not present at the time of registration of the document. PW.43 has not stated as to who paid the sale consideration and the cash amount of Rs.58.73 lakhs to him. He has merely stated that, Ramayi Ammal signed the sale deed. Shankar and he put the witness signature. Six blank cheques worth Rs.44 lakhs were given to the bank itself. One cheque for Rs.10 lakhs was given to Ramayi Ammal and an amount of Rs.58.73 lakhs cash was credited to his account. On the basis of the vague and general statement made by PW.43, without there being any corroboration thereto, solely on the basis of his oral testimony, the cost of Rs.76 lakhs cannot be mulct on the accused. Hence this amount shall be deducted from the computation of the assets.

78. III.NEW / ADDL. CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS:

In Sl. No.174, 176 to 191, 301, 302 of Annexure II, the prosecution has listed 19 new/additional construction said to have been constructed by the accused during the check period. The total value of these constructions come to Rs.28,17,40,430/-. The details of the construction are as under;

174New/Additional Construction in building at 5 B and C East Coast Road, Door No.4/130 Raja Nagar, Neelankarai, Chennai-41 (Ref. Doc.No.4752/93 Of S.R.O. Adyar) Evaluation ReportRs.80,75,000/-
176New/Additional construction in Farm House Bungalows at Payannur in Chengai Anna District.1,25,90,261.00
177New/Additional Construction building at Door No.48, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Ekkatuthangal, Chennai (M/s. Anjaneya Printers (P) Ltd., Printers)2,13,63,457.00
178New/Additional Construction in the residential building at D.No.3/178C Vettuvankeni, Chennai1,52,59,076.00
179New/Additional construction in the building at the Grape Garden Farm House, in the limits of Jeedi Metla and Petpesherabad Villages in A.P.6,40,33,901.00
180New/Additional construction in the posh Bangalow at Siruthavur in Chegai MGR Dist.5,40,52,298.00
181New/Additional construction in the residential building at D.No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai – 86.7,24,98,000.00
182New/Additional construction in building at 149, 150 of TTK Road, Chennai – 18.29,59,000.00
183New/Additional construction in building at Sea Shell Avenue No.2/1-B-3 Apartment Sholinganallore Saidapet, Taluk.80,36,868.00
184New/Additional Construction in Building at Door No.19, Pattammal Street, Mylapore, Chennai8,00,000.00
185New/Additional Construction in residential building at Door No.21 Padmanabha Street, T. Nagar, Chennai-1720,43,000.00
186New/Additional Construction in residential building at No.L/66, Anna Nagar, Chennai24,83,759
187New/Additional Construction in Building at Door No.5, Murugesan Street, T.Nagar, Chennai-1710,92,828.00
188New/Additional Construction in residential building (4 Nos.) in the campus at No.1/240, Enjambakkam, in New Mahabalipuram Road.53,11,000.00
189New/Additional Construction in residential Building at No.1, Murphy St., Akkarai, Chennai.20,38,959.00
190New/Additional Construction in Building at S.No.32/2-4, Plot Nos.S-7, Ganapathy Colony, Tr. Vi-Ka Indl. Estate, Guindy, Chennai-32.39,34,000.00
191New/Additional Construction in Buildings and the change of roof for the works shed at MF-9, Guindy Industrial Estate, Chennai-32.14,17,538.00
301Cost of renovation and additional construction between June 1992 and 1993, of the building at Plot No.102, ITI Cross, Road, Pon Nagar, Trichy, owned by Tmt. N. Sasikala (covered by Document No.2256/90 dt. 3-5-90 of S.R.O.T. O.R.B., Trichy)39,34,000.00
 
78.33) In the instant case, there cannot be any dispute that, the Engineers examined by the prosecution are competent to estimate the valuation of the structures. The accused themselves have relied on the valuation report prepared by the P.W.D. Engineers, who were part of the team to controvert the reports prepared by the prosecution witnesses. It is not explained by the prosecution as to why the reports prepared by DW.78 and DW.83 are preferable to the reports prepared by the entire team which are proved in a Court of law. Undisputedly, the actual cost incurred for the constructions is within the knowledge of the accused. It has come in evidence that, contractors and architects were appointed in connection with the construction. The learned Counsel for A-4 himself has referred to the payment made to the architect, who is examined by the accused as DW.88. Under the said circumstance, instead of relying on the reports of DW.78 and DW.83, the accused could have very well produced the actual bills for having purchased the materials and could have examined the contractors and the persons who supplied the materials in proof of the actual cost incurred for the constructions.

78.34) It is pertinent to note that the accused do not dispute the measurement of the buildings and the nature of the constructions and the quality of the materials used therein. The witnesses examined by the prosecution have specifically deposed about the use of high quality marble and exquisite decorative articles and use of teakwood for the doors and windows and for other purposes. No doubt it is true that the prosecution has not produced any direct evidence in proof of the cost of these special items and has solely relied on the oral testimony of the above witnesses who have merely stated that they ascertained the price of the marbles and other special items from the market. But, it should not be forgotten that the special items having been procured by the accused from the concerns known to them, the price paid thereto is specially within the knowledge of the accused. Having regard to the burden cast on the accused in view of the provisions of Sec. 13(1)(e) of the Act, which requires the accused to offer satisfactory explanation when the existence of assets are proved by the prosecution, the accused were not prevented from adducing necessary evidence to show that the value of the special items quoted by the prosecution is more than the price paid by them in respect of these special items.

78.35) No doubt it is true that, an attempt is made by the accused to prove the cost of the marbles by examining DW.96 and through him, the copies of invoices are marked as Ex.D.210 series. But, on going through his evidence, it is seen that the rates furnished by him relate to the year 1999, whereas, the buildings in question are proved to have been constructed between 1994 and 1996. Therefore, even the rates spoken to by DW.96 cannot be accepted. The invoices produced by this witness do not tally with the description of the marbles noted in the respective valuation reports. Therefore, I do not find any justifiable reasons to accept the arguments of the learned counsel for the accused regarding the valuation adopted by the prosecution. However, as the prosecution has not produced convincing evidence in support of the value fixed by the PWD Engineers in respect of the value of the special items and there being some dispute regarding the payments of the architects fees, in order to meet the ends of justice, it would be proper to reduce the overall cost of constructions by 20% of the total estimation given by the prosecution witnesses. In this way, by reducing the total cost of constructions by 20%, the cost of the new and additional constructions of the buildings effected by the accused during the check period is determined at Rs.22,53,92,344.00.

Under the heading of ‘Gold and Diamond Jewellery, the learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 79.18 has observed as under:

79.18) Thus, what emerges from the above evidence is that, at the commencement of the check period, A-1 was in possession of only 7040 grams of gold jewellery. As already noted above, A-1 herself has admitted in the wealth returns that, increase in the value of jewellery is on account of the jewellery received as gift during the year. This declaration presupposes that during the year 1992, A-1 had received gold jewellery. Under the said circumstance, she is estopped from contending that all the jewellery seized by the prosecution was in her possession before commencement of the check period. This conclusion gets fortified from the testimony of PW.155 who has categorically stated before the Court that, he was called to prepare the valuation report only in November, 1992 and as required by A-1 and A-2, he prepared different valuation report for the relevant years commencing from 1986-87, even though the bills for the purchase of the said jewellery were not produced before him. From the evidence of this witness, it stands established that the valuation reports were prepared only for the purpose of submitting the wealth tax returns in the year 1992 by segregating the articles for the previous years at the whims and fancy of A-1. Admittedly, A-1 was not in possession of any bills for purchase of this gold and diamond jewellery as on the date of filing the wealth returns. There is also no explanation by the accused as to how the gold was accumulated during the years. Under the said circumstances, merely because the wealth tax returns were filed by her before the initiation of the criminal proceedings does not exonerate her of her liability to explain the source of the huge quantity of gold and diamond articles. Even during the trial, A-1 has failed to furnish any satisfactory explanation except stating that all the jewellery were in her possession from the commencement of the check period. But the evidence discussed above proves it otherwise.

79.19) Another important aspect that emerges from the evidence of PW.155 and PW.179 is that, Ex.P.1014 to Ex.P.1016 valuation reports were prepared in the name of A-2 in order to facilitate her to file wealth returns in her name in respect of the gold ornaments described therein. There is no evidence as to when and how A-2 acquired these gold and diamond articles. It has come in evidence that her husband was in Govt. service till 1991. If so, in all probability, the source for acquisition of these assets would have been available with A-2 and could have been produced before the Court to explain her ownership over these jewellery. The fact that in 1992 while preparing the valuation reports in relation to the gold jewellery possessed by A-1, separate valuation reports were prepared in the name of A-2 leads to the inference that in order to avoid the large scale disclosure of the gold and diamond jewellery possessed by A-1, some of these items were declared in the name of A-2. This amounts to a serious instance of abetment and conspiracy alleged against the accused. The very fact A-2 is unable to explain the source of acquisitions of these valuables, it could be presumed that A-2 has aided and abetted A-1 in holding the said assets in her name.

79.20) From the above evidence, the prosecution has proved the seizure of gold and diamond jewellery of the total weight of 27588 grams. But as it is proved in evidence that 7040 grams of gold and diamond jewellery were in possession of A-1 prior to the check period, the said quantity is required to be left out from the total computation of the value of the gold and diamond jewellery found in the possession of A-1. Thus, the total weight of the gold jewellery found in the possession of A-1 as on 30.04.1996 comes to 20548 grams.

79.21) Regarding the valuation of the gold as in 1992, we have the reliable material in the assessment order Ex.P.2206, wherein, the assessing officer has adopted the rate of gold as on 1991-92 at Rs.4,334/-per 10 grams. The learned counsel for A-1 has produced the copy of Circular No.646 dt. 15.03.1993 issued under Rule 19 of Sch. III of Wealth Tax Act, wherein, the same rate is published by the concerned authorities. Thus, the value of 20548 grams of gold found in possession of A-1 during the check period is calculated as below:

20548 x Rs.433/- = Rs.8,90,55,032/-

It has come in the evidence of PW.125 that, while valuing the gold, he did not add the making charges and wastages and took into consideration only the value of the gold and to fix the value of the diamonds he took into consideration the cutting, colour carat weight. He has further stated that, first he weighed the ornaments and then deducted the approximate weight of the stones and accordingly determined the weight of the gold and its values. This witness has separately given the value of the diamonds at Rs.2,43,92,790/-. Since the gross weight of 7040 grams is deducted, the proportionate value of the diamonds comes to Rs.1,62,61,820/-. Thus, adding this figure to the value of the gold as above, the total value of the gold and diamond jewellery found in the possession of A-1 during the check period comes to Rs.2,51,59,144/-.

With regard to Silver, the learned Sessions Judge at paragraph 80.9 has observed that, in the wealth tax returns filed by her as per Ex.P.2179 she has categorically admitted that silverwares were received as gifts during the year. This declaration is consistent with the case of the prosecution that, the additional silverware amounting to 416 kgs were acquired by her during the check period. A-1 has not produced any reliable evidence in proof of the source for acquisition of the silverware. As a result, it could be safely inferred that 416 kgs of silver is the illegal acquisition of A-1.

80.10) PW.125 has valued the silver at the rate of Rs.5,000/- per kg. whereas, in the Wealth Tax assessment order relied on by the accused, the silver is seen to have been valued at Rs.6,646/- per kg. Since the rate adopted by PW.125 is advantageous to the accused, adopting the said rate, the value of 416 kgs. of silver is assessed at Rs.20,80,000/- which is added to the over all assets of A-1 acquired during the check period.

The trial Court has computed the value of the fixed deposits and shares amounting to Rs.3,42,62,728/-.

258Fixed Deposit in Canara Bank Mylapore in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha under Kamadenu Deposit. (KDR No.950485 dt 27.5.94)16,03,545.00
259F.D. in Canara Bank Mylapore in the name of M/s. Jaya Publications under Kamadenu Deposit (KDR No.941263 dt. 19.9.94)1,49,544.00
260F.D. in Canara Bank Mylapore in the name of M/s. Jaya Publications under Kamadenu Deposit (TDR No.649868 dt. 20.4.95)5,00,000.00
261F.D. in Canara Bank Mylapore branch in the name of M/s. Jaya Publications  (KDR/941261 dt. 19.9.94)71,218.00
262F.D. in IB, Abirampuram in the name of M/s. Super Duper (P) Ltd., (TDR/649865 dt. 25.3.95)5,00,000.00
263-do-(TDR/649866 dt. 25.3.95)5,00,000.00
264-do- (TDR/649867 dt. 25.3.95)5,000000.00
265F.D. in Kothari Oriental Finance in the name of A-1(FDR No.47740 dt. 29.8.95)1,00,000.00
266-do-(FDR/64280 dt. 29.7.95) By renewal of FDR 481731,00,000.00
267-do-(FDR 64302 dt. 29.7.95) by renewal of FDR 481721,00,000.00
268F.D. in Sriram investments in the name of A-1 by renewal of FDR (F-1945) renewed from F.D. 19451(47437 dt 29.5.91)3,00,000.00
269-do-(5006835 dt 9.8.94)By renewal of FDR/500634530,00,000.00
270F.D. in Sriram Investments in the name of A-1 (5007694 dt 12.9.94)15,00,000.00
271-do By renewal of FDR No. F 71533 and F 21330 which is to mature on 29.1.98 Dt. 29.12.945,00,000.00
272-do-5015594 dt 22.3.9515,00,000.00
273-do-5015955 dt 22.3.9510,00,000.00
274-do-5025367 dt 19.10.9520,00,000.00
275Investment in equity shares in Madras Oxygen and Acetylene Company Ltd.,Coimbatore by A-1s mother.000
276Shares in Kunal Engg.000
277F.D. in Canfin Homes in the name of A-1 (352/94 dt 6.3.95)1,00,00,000.00
298Amount invested under R.I.P. (Reinvestment plan by A-1 in Indian Bank, Abirampuram Branch) videreceipt No.176580 dt. 18.6.921,00,00,000.00
303Amount deposited in MIDR 70/9 with CBI, Secunderabad, after renewal of earlier MIDRs 66/9, 68/33 and 60/9. SB A/c. No.206143,00,000.00
306Amount deposited in the name of Master Vivek in Indian Bank, (on receipt of terminal benefits of his father Tr. V. Jayaraman)38,421.00
 Total3,42,62,728.00
 
82. VII) CASH BALANCE IN BANK ACCOUNTS:

Item Nos.193 to 229, 296, 300-304

PW.162-Subramaniam, Sr. Manager, Canara Bank, Mylapore Branch, PW.182-Arunachalam, Chief Manager, Indian Bank, Abirampuram Branch and PW.201-C.K.R.K. Vidhya Sagar, officer, Canara Bank,Mylapore Branch, have spoken about each of these items with reference to the extract of the statement of accounts which are marked in evidence and are not disputed by the accused. Hence, the entire cash balance in the bank accounts of the accused amounting to Rs.97,47,751.32 is taken into account.

CASH BALANCE AS PER ANNEXURE-II

ITEM NO.NATURE OF ASSETSVALUE (IN RS.)
193Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in the SB Acc. No. 4110 of Indian Bank,Abhiramapauram opened on 12.9.1994 in The name of Master J. Vivek, S/o J. Elavarasi2,42,211.50
194Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1134 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Opened on 23.11.1994 in the name of J. Elavarasi (Signora Business Enterprises167.20
195Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1071 of Indian Bank,  Abhiramapuram opened on 11.3.1994 in the name of N. Sasikala (Fresh Mushrooms Prop.)771.26
196Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1107 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 31.8.1994 in the name of J. Elavarasi (Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,85,342.25
197Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1068 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Opened on 30.3.1994 in the name of V.N. Sudhakaran1,32,221.00
198Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 2018 of CB, Mylapore opened on 12.10.1990 in the name Selvi J. Jayalalitha19,29,561.58
199Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1171 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 28.3.1995 in the name of J. Elavarasi.3,40,527.95
200Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of SB Acc. No. 23832 of CB, Mylapore opened on 16.4.1991 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha,1,70,570.13
201Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 2277 of CB, Mylapore opened on 10.11.1993 in the name of M/s Metal King in which Sasikala is the proprietrix2,900.28
202Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 2196 of CB, Mylapore opened on 1.12.1992 in the name of Tmt. Sasikala1,889.28
203Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 2047 of CB, Mylapore opened on 26.9.1990 (on transfer Form Kellys Branch) in theName of Jaya Publications in which Selvi J. Jayalalitha andTmt. N. Sasikala are the partners,20,79,885.12
204Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of SB Acc. No. 23218 of CB, Mylapore opened on 23.5.1990 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala,1,095.60
205Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of CA No. 1245 of CB, Guindy opened on 2.1.1995 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala (Metal King),3,17,232.21
206Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of CA No. 2220 of CB, Mylapore opened on 7.4.1993 in the name of V.N. Sudhakaran,47,453.64
207Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of CA No. 1689 of CB, Anna Nagar (East) opened on 1.12.1993 in the name of V.N. Sudhakaran(Maha Subhalakshmi Kalyana Mandapam),3,17,475.64
208Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of SB Acc. No. 24621 of CB, Mylapore opened on 25.2.1992 in the name of V.N. Sudhakaran,61,430.00
209Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1179 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 5.5.1995 in the name of Jaya Finance Pvt., Ltd.,1,760.00
210Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 2219 of CB, Mylapore opened on 7.4.1993 in the name of J. Elavarasi,1,18,198.00
211Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of SB Acc. No. 25389 of CB, Mylapore opened on 23.1.1993 in the name of J. Elavarasi,894.00
212Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of CA No. 2133 of CB, Mylapore opened on 3.2.1992 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala,560.55
213Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of CA No. 2250 of CB, Mylapore opened on 29.7.1993 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala and V.N. Sudhakaran (i.e., Anjaneya Printers),10,75,335.64
214Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of CA No. 2061 of CB, Mylapore opened on 21.3.1991 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha andTmt. N.Sasikala (M/s Sasi Enterprises),4,59,976.22
215Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1050 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 27.1.1994 in the name of M/s Jaya Real Estate167.55
216Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1152 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 25.1.1995 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala and V.N. Sudhakaran (i.e., Super Duper TV Pvt., Ltd.,)5,46,577.50
217Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1059 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 27.1.1994 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala and V.N. Sudhakaran (M/s JJ Leasing and Maintenance),1,838.00
218Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1062 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala, Tmt. J. Elavarasi and V.N. Sudhakaran (M/s JS Housing Corpn.),13,671.80
219Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1058 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 27.1.1994 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala (M/s Green Garden Apartments Farm House), Tmt. J. Elavarasi and V.N. Sudhakaran,146.70
220Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1049 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 27.1.1994 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala, V.N. Sudhakaran andTmt. J. Elavarasi (M/s Jaya Contractors and Builders),10,891.00
221Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1044 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 15.12.1993 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha andTmt. N. Sasikala (M/s Sasi Enterprises),1,02,490.18
222Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1149 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 23.3.1995 in the name of V.N. Sudhakaran, Tmt. J. Elavarasi and Tmt. N. Sasikala (M/s Sakthi Constructions),1,02,490.00
223Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1146 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 23.3.1995 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala, Tmt. J. Elavarasi and V.N. Sudhakaran (M/s Gopal Promoters),1,02,490.18
224Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1140 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on23.3.1995 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala, Tmt. J. Elavarasi and V.N. Sudhakaran (M/s Lakshmi Constructions),1,02,490.18
225Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1113 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 13.9.1994 in the name of V.N. Sudhakaran and Tmt. J. Elavarasi (M/s Meadow Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd.,)358.70
226Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 of C.A. No. 1095 of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram opened on 6.8.1994 in the name of Tmt. J. Elavarasi and V.N. Sudhakaran (M/s M/s. Riverway Agro Products (P) Ltd.)2,916.61
227Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in the BOM, Anna Nagar (vide SB Acc. No. 5158) opened on 28.2.1990 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha2,05,152.06
228Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in the CBI of Secunderabad in SB Acc. No. 20614 opened on 19.5.1989 in the name of Selvi J. Jayalalitha,3,84,760.67
229Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in the CBI of Secunderabad in SB Acc. No. 23792 opened on 29.1.1993 in the name of Tmt. N.Sasikala,2,34,000.00
296Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in CDS-ITP Acc. No. 32 of Selvi J. Jayalalitha in CBI, T.Nagar Branch, Chennai,21,380.00
300Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in SB Acc. No. 38746 of CB, Kellys Branch opened on 30.12.1988 in the name of Tmt. N. Sasikala.17,502.98
304Cash balance as on 30.4.1996 in CA No. 1952 of CB, Mylapore of Namadhu MGR.5,10,968.16
 TOTAL97,47,751.32
 
82.1) In proof of the above items, the prosecution has marked the following documents:
Item Nos.Exhibits (P)
1931138True copy of statement of account of SB No. 4110 in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram, Madras for Master Vivek from September, 1994 to January, 1996;
1941318Statement of account of CA No. 1134 of M/s Signora Business Enterprises (P) Ltd., in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from 23.11.1994 to 7.5.1996;
1951117True copy of statement of account of CA No. 1068 in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram, Madras from March, 1994 to April, 1995 for M/s Fresh Mushrooms;
1961324Statement of account of CA No. 1107 of M/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd., PropertyDevelopment (P) Ltd., in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram from 31.8.1994 to 7/1996;
1971111True extract of statement of account of V.N. Sudhakaran in CA No. 1068 in Indian Bank,Abhiramapuram Branch;
1981382Statement of account of CA No.2018 of A-1, dt. 1.4.1994 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 1.7.1991 to 12.9.1999;
1991109True extract of statement of account of J. Elavarasi in C.A. No. 1171 in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch;
2001377Xerox copy of statement of account of CA No. 23832of A-1 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 16.4.1991 to 2.8.1999;
2012081True extract of statement of account of CA No.2277 of M/s Metal King in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 11.11.1993 to 23.9.1996;
2021519Statement of account of CA No. 2196 in the name of A-2 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 1.12.1992 to 30.11.1993;
2031903Statement of account of CA No. 2047 of M/s Jaya Publications in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 1.7.1991 to 11.9.1996;
2041510Statement of account of SB No. 23218 in the name of A-2 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 23.5.1990 to 28.4.1997;
2052081Statement of account
2061576Statement of account of A-3of Acc. No. FGCA 2220 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from1.4.1994 to10.4.1999;
2071966Statement of account of CA No. 1689 of Maha Subhalakshmi Kalyana Mandapam in Canara Bank, Anna Nagar (East) from 27.8.1993 to 31.12.1996;
2081572Statement of account of V.N. Sudhakaran of SB Acc.No. 24621 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from25.2.1992 to 2.8.1999;
2091106True extract of statement of account of Jaya Finance Pvt., Ltd., in C.A. No. 1179 in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch;
2101618Statement of account of A-4 in CA No. 2219 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 7.4.1993 to 16.7.1996;
2111613Statement of account of A-4 in SB Acc. No. 25389 in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 23.1.1993 to 2.8.1999;
2122031Statement of account of CA No. 2133 of M/s Vinod Video Vision in Canara Bank, Mylapore from3.2.1992 to5.1.2000;
2132088True extract of statement of account of C.A. No. 2250 of M/s Anjaneya Printers Pvt., Ltd., in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 29.7.1993 to 5.1.2000;
2141940Statement of account of CA No. 2061 of M/s Sasi Enterprises in Canara Bank, Mylapore from 1.8.1991 to 18.10.1996;
2151160True copy of statement of account of Jay Real Estate in C.A. No. 1050 in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from 27.1.1994 to 31.3.1996;
2161034True copy of statement of account of Super Duper TV Pvt., Ltd., in CA No. 1152 in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from January, 1995 to May, 1996;
2171036Pay-in-slip of Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch, Madras of Rs. 5,73,000/- to the credit of Super Duper TV Pvt., Ltd., in CA No. 1152 by Ram Vijayan, dt. 22.2.1995;
2181170Statement of account of CA No. 1062 of JS Housing Development in Indian Bank, AbhiramapuramBranch from January, 1994 to September, 1997;
2191189True copy of statement of account of CA No. 1058 of Green Farm Houses in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from 27.1.1994 to 21.7.1996;
2201248Statement of account of CA No. 1049 of Jaya Contractors and Builders in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from 27.1.1994 to 31.3.1994;
2211255Statement of account of CA No. 1044 of Sasi Enterprises in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from 14.7.1995 to 13.7.1996;
2222016Statement of A/c.
2231974Statement of A/c.
2241980Statement of A/c.
2251266Statement of account of CA No. 1113 of Meadow Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd., in Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch from 13.9.1994 to 23.7.1995;
2261298Statement of account of CA No. 1095 of M/s Riverway Agro Products (P) Ltd., in Indian Bank,Abhiramapuram Branch from 6.8.1994 to 25.6.1996;
2271560Cheque for Rs. 399/- of Canara Bank, Mylapore in favour of United India Insurance Co., by A-2 in CA No. 2196, dt. 22.8.1995;
228936Statement of account of SB No.  20614 of Central Bank of India, Secunderabad in the name of Ms. Jayalalitha from 25.3.1991 to 2.5.1997;
229937Statement of account of SB No. 22792 Central Bank of India, Secunderabad in the name of N. Sasikala from 29.1.1993 to 17.9.1996;
300975977True xerox copy of extract of SB Acc. No. 38671 of Canara Bank, Kellys Branch, Madras in the name of J. Jayalalitha;True xerox copy of extract of SB Acc. No. 38746 of Canara Bank, Kellys Branch, Madras in the name of Mrs. Sasikala;
3041635Statement of account of M/s Namadhu MGR in CA No. 1952 in Canara Banka, Mylapore from 1.7.1991 to 30.4.1996;
 87.8) PW.129 and PW.130 have given objective assessment of the watches and have furnished the basis on which they arrived at the rate of the watches which is not shown to be false by producing the purchase bills or any other contra evidence to doubt or disbelieve their evidence. Hence, relying on the evidence of the above witnesses, the entire valuation is accepted.Para 87.9 of the impugned judgment deals with tabular column of assets as on 30.4.1996 as under:
 Nature ofassetsItem Nos.Value (in Rs.)
IImmovable properties(consideration,cost of regn.)1-173, 175, 292, 297, 301, 302(i), 305Less: Item Nos.1-17Rs.37,00,579Less: Item No 21,

Rs.2,98,144

Less: Item Nos.72–74

Rs.3,35,000

20,07,80,246.00
IICash paid over andAbove saleconsideration24, 31, 33, 64, 66, 127, 145, 150, 159Less: Item No.64 Rs.4,65,000Less: Item No.66 Rs.4,85,000Less: Item No.150

Rs.10,00,000

Less: Item No.159

Rs.76,00,000

1,58,30,619.00
IIINew or additional construction of buildings174, 176-192, 301, 302(ii)Less: 20% of the total estimate. Rs.5,63,48,08622,53,92,344.00
IVGold and DiamondJewellery284-290, 2952,51,59,144.00
VSilver wares29120,80,000.00
VIF.Ds and shares258-277, 298, 303, 3063,42,62,728.00
VIICash balance in bank accounts193-229, 296, 300, 30497,47,751.32
VIIIVehicles230-257, 2991,29,94,033.05
IXMachinery293, 2942,24,11,000.00
XFootwear278000
XISarees279-281000
XIIWrist watches282-28315,90,350.00
  TOTALRs.55,02,48,215.00
 
The learned Sessions Judge has observed at para-88.8 that in order to establish the transaction in question is benami, the prosecution could either prove the fact by direct evidence or by circumstantial evidence leading to the inference of that fact. If prosecution is able to prove that there could not have been any other source than the accused himself, offence can be brought home against him. Normal human conduct and presumptions can be utilized for this purpose.The prosecution has included the properties acquired by the following companies to the account of A-1. The companies are:(a) M/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,(b) Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd.,

(c) Riverway Agro Products (Pvt) Ltd.,

(d) M/s. Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd.,

(e) M/s. Signora Business Enterprises (P) Ltd.,

(f) Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd.,

The learned Sessions Judge has observed in respect of the Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd as under:

A perusal of the evidence of PW.182 PW.177, PW.132 PW.127 PW.100 PW.94 and PW.51 coupled with Exs.P.135, P.136, P.569 to P.574, P.647 to P.650, P.717, P.744 to P.763 and P.1005 to P.1008 reveal that M/s. Lex Property Developments Pvt. Ltd., was incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 on 25.09.1990 with registration No.18-19704 of 1990 with the main objects to carry on the business of proprietors of land, flats, shops, dwelling houses, industrial estates, commercial complexes and to acquire by purchase, lease, exchange, rent or otherwise deal in lands and buildings and any estates and to carry on the business of builders machinery, engineers, general construction and contractors. As per Memorandum of Association Ex.P.568 the company was started by Sri.S.Sreenivasalu Reddy and P.V.Ravikumar as the promoters and the directors of the said company. Initially, the registered office of the company was at No.120, Theyagaraja Road, T.Nagar, Madras which was later changed to No.27, Lake Area, Nungambakkam, Chennai and later to Flat No.A-8, Thomas Road, T.Nagar, by filing Form No.32 as per Ex.P.569.

PW-114 Ravi Kumar has deposed that, he along with Srinivasa Reddy started Lex Property Development (P) Ltd., He had invested Rs.1,000/- and Srinivasa Reddy had invested Rs. 4,500/-. They opened Current A/c. in Indian Bank at Peters Road. In 1991 Subbirama Reddy was elected as an M.P. and stayed at Delhi. So, he could not commence the business. In June, 1993 he wanted to change the company to his friends. So, he handed over the companies documents and unused cheques to Sudhakar Reddy, who was with Subbarama Reddy. This witness further deposed that, after sometime, Sudhakar Reddy gave him a cheque for Rs.1,000/- and another cheque for Rs.4,500/- in the name of Srinivas Reddy. This witness unequivocally stated before the Court as under;

“We did not buy any properties in the name ofthat Company. Either myself or Srinivas Reddy did not buy any properties in the name of that Company at No.149, TTK Road and No.1 Wallace Garden, 1st Street.”

He identified his signature on Ex.P.573 and P.574. i.e., copies of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of M/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd.,

The testimony of this witness is not controverted in the cross-examination. Instead, his testimony finds suitable corroboration in the testimony of PW.96. In the annexure to the auditors report, it is further stated that the company does not have any fixed assets and the company had neither taken nor given any loans from / to companies, firms or other parties and the company has not accepted deposits from the public. It is also declared that the proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the company. In the balance sheet of the relevant year as on 31.03.1994 the current assets of the company are declared as under;

Land under development:

Cost of Land including Regn.Rs.5,70,040/-
Demolition FeeRs.16,030/-
Property taxRs.3,915/-
TotalRs.57,19,985/-
 
89.5) The above documents establish that though the company was started in 1990, it did not commence any profit making activities till the year ending March, 1994 except acquiring an immovable property at No.149, T.T.K.Road, I Cross Road, Sriramnagar, Madras. Form No.32 – Notice discloses that the original directors viz., Mr. S. Sreenivasalu Reddy and P.V.Ravikumar resigned from the board on 29.08.1994 and A-2 and A-3 were appointed as additional directors of the company on 17.08.1994.According to the prosecution, after A-3 and A-4 assumed the Directorship of the aforesaid company, number of properties were purchased in the name of the company. During trial, the prosecution has got marked the copies of the two sale deeds dated 28.12.1994 (Ex.P.135 and Ex.P.136) executed by Mrs. A. Arifa Amanuallah W/o. M.O.Amanuallah in favour of Lex Prperty Developments Private Limited in respect of the land measuring 11 cents with building comprised in Survey No.74/1 Old No.152 and 152-A situate in Nilangari Village, Saidapet Taluk, M.G.R.District respectively. In proof of the said sale deeds, the prosecution has examined PW.51 the husband of the vendor who has deposed that his father-in-law purchased the aforesaid property in the name of his wife and they built a house therein by spending Rs.11.00 lakhs. A-2 and A-3 agreed to purchase the said lands for Rs.25.00 lakhs and paid Rs. 10.00 lakhs in cash and the remaining Rs.15.00 lakhs was paid by means of two D.Ds for Rs.6,80,000/- and Rs.8,20,000/-. According to PW.51, the Sub-Registrar was brought to his house and his wife executed Ex.P.135 and P.136 before the Registrar. Through this witness, the prosecution has got marked Ex.P.135 and Ex.P.136. Though this witness is cross-examined regarding the payment of Rs.10.00 lakhs in cash, the accused have not disputed the execution and registration of Ex.P.135 and P.136. It is evidenced in these sale deeds that consideration of Rs.6,08,000/- and Rs.8,20,000/- was paid to the vendor by means of demand drafts detailed therein.In his evidence, PW.100 has stated that Raghavendra Builders and Constructions entered into separate agreement with M/s. Lex Property Developments to construct the buildings and in the transaction the cheques amounting to Rs.30,05,080/- for the two apartments were given in the name of Raghavendra Builders and Constructions.89.8) Though it is the contention of the accused that Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., is an independent entity and the accused do not have anything to do with the said company which is governed by the provisions of the Companies Act, the evidence of PW.132 and the documents marked through this witness viz., Ex.P.743 to P.764 indicate that few months after A-3 and 4 took over the company as the Directors, A-2, A-3 and A-4 formed several partnerships along with the aforesaid Lex Property Developments Pvt. Ltd., as one of the partners. PW.132 who was working as District Registrar in Central Chennai District from 26.08.1993 to May 1995 has deposed before the Court that, on 06.02.1995 he registered the following firms viz.,
Name of theFirmNames of PartnersPrincipal Place ofBusiness
Vigneswara Builders1. V.N. Sudhagaran2. N. Sasikala3. J. Elavarasi4.M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd.,Shop No.21, Wellington Plaza, Mount Road, Madras.
Lakshmi Constructions.-do--do-
Gopal Promoters-do--do-
Sakthi Constructions-do--do-
Namasivaya Housing Developments-do--do-
Ayyappa Property Developments-do--do-
Sea Enclave-do--do-
Navasakthi Contractors and Builders-do--do-
Oceanic Constructions-do--do-
Green Garden Apartments-do--do-
A.P. Advertising Services-do--do-
 
89.9) As could be seen from Ex.P.745 to P.760 all these firms were registered on the same day i.e., 15.02.1995 and on behalf of M/s. Lex Property Developments Ltd., A-4 N. Sudhakaran has signed the application as one of the directors of the Company.89.10) PW.177 Shanmugha Sundaram, the Deputy General Manager of Indian Bank at the relevant time has spoken about the loan availed by M/s. Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., The prosecution has produced the original request made by the Lex Property Development Pvt. Ltd., for grant of finance for construction of marriage Hall at No.149, 150 TTK Road as per Ex.P.1328, marked through PW.182. A-3 hassigned this letter requesting for a loan of Rs.133.00 lakhs as project cost and Rs.24.00 lakhs towards the term loan to fund the constructions of the marriage hall. In the letter According to this witness a letter dated 22.09.1994 was received from Abirampuram Indian Bank, Branch to the Regional Office to give long term loan of Rs.133.00 lakhs and term loan of Rs.24,00,000/- to Lex Property Development Pvt Ltd., as per Ex.P.1005. Ex.P.1006 is the recommendation letter of the Branch Manager. These documents were sent from Regional office to Zonal office and the Regional Office sent a letter dated 15.11.1994 to Zonal Manager with recommendation as per Ex.P.1007.89.11) It is interesting to note that though Ex.P.1005 is said to be application for advance, it is not signed by the applicants or any one on their behalf. As per this document, M/s. Lex Property Developments Pvt. Ltd., is shown as the applicant and the address is shown as Dr. Thomas Road, T. Nagar, Madras and A-3 and A-4 as the Directors of the said firm carrying on the business of property promoters at No.149 and TTK Road, Madras. The purpose of the loan is shown as for acquiring property at No.150 TTK Road and for construction of marriage hall and to settle the loan to the tune of Rs.60.00 lakhs. In the comments it is noted that the company has not ventured into any project since inception and as against the authorized capital of Rs.5.00 lakhs, the paid up capital remains at Rs.5,500/- and the tangible net worth is negative. In spite of it, the Asst. General Manager is seen to have sanctioned a term loan of Rs.133.00 lakhs to the said concern repayable in 28 equal quarterly installments with interest at 17.75% as per Ex.P.1008. This sanction letter is dated 15.03.1995 and it is mentioned therein that the amount of Rs.45,00,000/- already released by the Branch is to be absorbed in this loan.89.13) Ex.P.1320 discloses that, the C.A. No.1107 was opened in the name of M/s. Lex Property Development (P) Ltd., only on 31.08.1994. The application Ex.P.1320 is signed by A-3 in his capacity as the Director. The application bear the seal of the Company. The account extract is at Ex.P.1324. The entries therein reveal the following cash deposit or transfer of money to this account.
25.09.1994Rs. 45 lakhs
01.10.1994Rs. 10 lakhs.
29.12.1994Rs.13 Lakhs(By CA 1095 transfer)
28.03.1995Rs. 22 lakhs (By drafts)
15.04.1995Rs. 15 lakhs
21.04.1995Rs. 19,99,980/-
14.07.1995Rs. 5 lakhs (By OMTL)
25.07.1995Rs. 7 lakhs (by OMTL)
01.08.1995Rs. 3 lakhs (by OMTL)
22-09.1995Rs. 15 lakhs (by OMTL)
12.10.1995Rs. 50 lakhs (by drafts)
 
And on the same day, Rs. 20 lakhs has been withdrawn. From this account, a sum of Rs.10,75,000/-is seen to have been debited to the account of Riverway Agro Products (Pvt) Ltd., on 17.11.1994 and on the same day, Rs.28 lakhs are withdrawn by A-3. On 25.09.1994 a DD for Rs.37 lakhs is seen to have been taken and on the same day, Rs.7.5 lakhs are withdrawn by self cheque.89.14) Thus, it could be seen that the activities relating to the acquisition of immovable properties and construction of structures commenced only during the tenure of A-3 and A-4 as the Directors of this Company. At the relevant point of time, A-3 and A-4 were in control and management of the affairs of the Company. The above evidence points out that, even though the Company was incorporated in 1990, the Bank A/c. was opened only after A-3 and A-4 took reign of the Company and all the transactions have taken place through Bank account opened by A-3. Except the use of the name of the Company, there is nothing on record to show that the funds of the erstwhile Company or its Directors are utilized for acquisition of these assets.As per Ex.P.572 A-3 and A-4 resigned from the board of Lex Property Developments Pvt Ltd., on 04.03.1996.The learned Sessions Judge has observed in respect of the Meadow Agro Farms Ltd., as under:

90. As per the evidence of PW.94 R. Lakshmi Narayana, P.A. to the Company Registrar, Meadow Agro Farms Pvt., Ltd., was registered in the office of the Company Registrar on 11.10.1990 with Registration No.19758/1990 (vide Ex.P594 – Certificate of Registration). The promoters of the company were Krishna Kumar Reddy and Anil Kumar Reddy. This witness has further deposed that a Form No. 32 was submitted by A-3 V.N. Sudhakaran on 26.5.1995 furnishing the particulars of appointment of the aforesaid Krishna Kumar Reddy and Anil Kumar Reddy as additional Directors. As per Ex. P- 599, A-3 and A-4 were appointed as Addl. Directors with effect from 3.8.1994 and they resigned from the Board on 6.3.1996 and 11.3.1996 respectively as per the (Form No.32, dt. 28.5.1996 vide Ex. P-601).

90.1) PW-97 Anil Kumar Reddy has stated that, he and Krishnakumar Reddy started an office by name Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., at No.5, I Street, Subba Rao Avenue, Numgambakkam in 1990. They took 250 shares each. They started the Company with the idea of doing real estate business in agricultural lands, but they did not have sufficient funds. In 1993, Subbarama Reddy, Ex-Parliamentary Member asked him whether they were interested to sell the Company. In 1994, he asked them to come over to his office and took their signatures in some printed forms and paid them Rs.2,500/- each by cheques. This witness further deposed that the files related to Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., were handed over to Sudhakaran Reddy. The cheque given to him was signed by Elavarasi and within a week therefrom, Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., office was changed to different address. This witness identified the signatures on Ex.P.595 and P.596 and further stated that after subscribing their signatures, they did not continue with the Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt.) Ltd.,

90.2) The aforesaid Krishna Kumar Reddy is examined as PW 106. He has also deposed in line with PW.97 and has specifically stated that, “After we sold the company, I do not have any possession. For the company transaction, I received Rs. 2,500/- through a cheque”. He further deposed that, “During this transaction, he signed the blank Forms and gave it to Sudhakar Reddy”. He admitted his signature in Exs. P.660 and P.559. In the cross-examination by A-1, it is elicited that he sold the company to Subbirama Reddy.

90.3) Various sale deeds executed in the name of Meadow Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd., are also produced in evidence and the corresponding witnesses to prove these documents are examined.

90.8) This witness has also deposed about the preparation of the power of attorneys Ex.P.191 to P.196 and the sale deed executed on the strength of the said power of attorneys as per Ex.P.197 dated 15.03.1995 in favour of Maedows Agro Farms ltd., for Rs.54,050/-. Further this witness has deposed that on the strength of the power of attorney Ex.P.206 executed by its vendors, he executed the sale deed in favour of Maedow Agro Farms Ltd., on 29.04.1995 as per Ex.P.207 and on the strength of the power of attorneys Ex.P.208 to 213, he executed the sale deed in respect of 15.71 acres of land on 29.04.1995. It is the further evidence of PW.56 that on the strength of the power of attorneys Ex.P.215 to P.220, he executed a sale deed in favour of Maedow Agro Farms Ltd., on 09.06.1995 as per Ex.p.221. According to this witness, “all the above documents were registered in the office of the North Chennai Sub-Registrar before D.I.G. and the expenses for the documents were borne by Sudhakaran on behalf of the Maedow Agro Farms Ltd.,” Thus, according to PW.56, under the above sale deeds he sold 105.99½ acres of land and received a total sale price of Rs.10.60 lakhs.

In the cross-examination he denied the suggestion that A-3 Sudhakaran has not given him Rs.3.00 lakhs as advance. The evidence of this witness regarding the execution of the various sale deeds mentioned above on the strength of the power of attorneys executed in his favour are not at all challenged in the cross-examination.

90.9) PW.159 Thiru Rajagopalan is examined to speak regarding the registration of the sale deeds marked in evidence as Exs.P.68, 69, 70, 75 to 79, 96 to 110, 122 to 125, 135 to 139, 143 to 148, 153 to 156, 161, 165, 167, 174, 180, 184, 190, 197, 207, 214, 221, 291, 324, 330, 339, 345, 350, 357, 363, 366, 377, 388, 396, 408, 419, 431, 443, 450, 456, 467, 472, 477, 488, 513, 515, 771, 717, 772, 905, 906, 907, 908, 909, 910, 911, 912 and 913.

DW.86 has got marked Exs.D187 and D189. Ex.D.189 copy of the returns is seen to have been filed only on 19.04.2001. The copy of the Balance Sheet for the year ending 31.03.1996 is marked as Ex.D.188, the copy of the schedule to the annual returns as Ex.D.189 and it is stated that, the said schedule contains the list of who contributed the share capital amounting to Rs.1,06,55,000/-, but the names of none of the accused finds place in Ex.D.189. This witness has further deposed that the balance sheet filed by M/s. Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., would show that the Company had invested Rs.21,53,738/- on fixed assets viz., land and sum of Rs.21,09,000/- on shares in other companies. The said schedule also would indicate that the Company had lent Rs.32,90,000/- to A.2 Sasikala and Rs.62,50,000/- to M/s. Jaya Publications. The returns itself having been filed in the year 2000, this document could not have been filed in 3.4.1998, nor is there anything to show that R. Kumar and A.Jayaraman were the Directors of Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., at the relevant point of time. All these circumstances go to show that, these documents are got up to support of the false defence set up by the accused. Ex.D.189 also does not improve the case of the accused, nor does it inspire confidence to accept the contents of the said document in as much as this schedule to the annual return is seen to have been filed before the R.O.C. only on 19.04.2001 as could be seen from the seal of the Company.

90.19) Ex.D.190 is said to be the note order passed by the Income Tax Authorities on the return of income filed by M/s. Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., It is not known under what provision of law, such an order could be passed and what is the evidentiary value thereof. It is interesting to note that in the said note, the Directors are shown as (1) K. Krishnakumar Reddy and (2) K. Anil Kumar Reddy. As already stated above, PW.106 Sri.Krishnakumar Reddy has unequivocally has stated before the Court that, he and the other Director signed certain forms in 1994 and sold the Company and they are not in possession of the Company. Ex.P.601 produced by the prosecution unimpeachably establishes that both the said Directors have resigned on 03.08.1994. But, curiously they are shown as the Directors of the Company on the date of the order i.e., 30.03.2000, which itself is sufficient to discard the document as unreliable. Even otherwise, the contents of the said document do not advance the defence set up by A-3. In the said order it is noted that the Company had practically no business activities since its inception and had not filed any return of income and for the assessment year 1996-97 also, the assessee did not file any return of income and is is only after notices were issued, the return of income came to be filed on 29.03.2000 admitting NIL income.

90.20) What turns out from the above evidence is that, even though the Company was registered as back as in 1990, it had no business activities whatsoever, until the Company was taken over by A-3 and A-4. Secondly, the Company was not assessed to Income Tax. The documents produced by the accused are seen to have come into existence only after the year 2000. According to the accused, during the investigation, the premises of Meadow Agro Farms (Pvt) Ltd., were searched and all the documents and records pertaining to the Company were seized. If so, the Company could not have filed the returns without there being proper records to support the return. Even though much has been argued that the Company had its own resources, the accused has not been able to produce even the bank account statement standing in the name of the Company to justify the contention that the properties registered in the name of the Company were purchased out of the funds of the Company. On the other hand, the direct evidence produced by the prosecution clinchingly establishes that the entire funds for the purchase of the properties emanated from the accused and the said properties were never treated as the properties of the Company.

The learned Sessions Judge has observed in respect of the Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd as under:

91. PW-96 Raghuram has deposed that in 1990, he and Prabhakar Reddy started a Partnership Company called Riverway Agro Products (Pvt) Ltd., but no business or transaction was being done. Subbarama Reddy suggested to sell the concern. In June, 1994, Prabhakar Reddy and he went to Subbaramu Reddys office and signed some papers for transfer of the Company in the names of Sudhakaran and Elavarasi and they gave them Rs.2,000/- each in the form of two cheques. The cheque received by him was signed by Sudhakaran. Through this witness the prosecution has marked Ex.P.576 and P.577, the certified copies of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association. Even in the cross-examination he reiterated that when he signed the forms, the name of V.N.Sudhakaran and Elavarasi were mentioned therein.

The evidence of PW.94 – R. Laxmi Narayanan, the Personal Assistant to Company Registrar reveals that Ex.P579 – Form No.32 was submitted appointing V.N.B.Sharma and V.Babu as additional directors. On 21.07.1994 another Form No.32 was submitted stating that V.N.Sudhakaran and Elavarasi were appointed as additional directors on 15.07.1994. This witness has further deposed that, Raghuram and Prabhakar Reddy resigned from the Directors post from 18.07.1994 and w.e.f. 10.08.1994.

The other details of the money deposited into this Current A/c. no.1095 are as under;

Pay-in-slip No.DatePerson signed in the slip and the address givenCash amount Rs.
Ex.P.130103.12.94M. Jayaraman, 36, Poes Garden, Chennai-86.22,41,000
Ex.P.130207.01.95M. Jayaraman15,00,000
Ex.P.130310.01.95M.Jayaraman25,00,000
Ex.P.130412.01.95M.Jayaraman No.36, Poes Garden, Chennai-8625,00,000
Ex.P.130525.04.95Ram Vijayan, 21, First 19,00,000Floor, 91, Anna Salai, Chennai-2.19,00,000
Ex.P.130627.04.95No details of the remittee20,00,000
Ex.P.130728.04.95Ram vijayan, 21, Fist Floor, 91, Anna Salai, Chennai-219,90,000
Ex.P.130823.05.94Dr. S.Radha, No.90, Anna Salai, Chennai.(Signature is not clear)6,28,600
 
91.3) This witness has also spoken about the money transferred to this account from various other accounts as under;
DateDetails of TransferAmount Rs.
24.09.94By Transfer10,00,000
26.10.94By Transfer3,00,000
17.11.94By Transfer from Currenta/c.110710,75,000
09.08.95By Transfer4,00,000
02.02.96By Transfer from current a/c.105096,000
20.02.96By Transfer from current a/c.10585,000
24.02.96By Transfer from current a/c.105425,000
01.03.96By Transfer from current a/c.10546,000
31.03.96By Transfer from current a/c.105422,000
14.04.96By Transfer from current a/c.105410,000
18.04.96By Transfer from current a/c.105825,000
12.08.94By draft75,000
 
According to PW.74, as per Ex.P.323 an undivided extent of 5.53 acres of land at Sirakulam was sold by Nachiar Ammal and Agastyer in favour of Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., for Rs.16,600/-. This witness has deposed that, as per the guidelines, the value of the Survey No.490/3A1 in 1994 was Rs.26,000/- per acre. Sale deeds were execution for 5½ acres of land in favour of Riverway Agro Products Pvt.Ltd., for RS.16,600/-.But, as per the Orders on I.A. 321, PW.71 was recalled by the learned PP and was specifically asked as to which of the two versions given by him before the court are correct, for which PW 71 answered that the statement given by him in his examination-in-chief and the cross-examination in2001 are correct. In the cross-examination by the defence counsel, the witness denied that he had misused his official power and answered that the government has not taken any action against him for the alleged misuse of his official power and he did not complain against anyone that he should compel to speak before the court.PW.76 is a Real Estate Agent has stated that likewise, on different dates, he got registered the power of attorneys in his name for Rs.1167.57 acres of land for a total amount of Rs.23,34,040/-. Rs.5,84,000/- was given to the local brokers.In the cross-examination this witness has answered that he is not an income tax assessee and since he received the commission of only Rs.100/- per acre, he did not find it necessary to file income tax returns. He maintained in the cross-examination that apart from Rajagopal and A-3, a party from Kerala and other prospective buyers had also approached him regarding the land which was sold to Riverway Agro Products Private Ltd.,

PW.76 was also subjected to grueling cross-examination in installments commencing from 14.02.2001 to 21.02.2001. This witness was recalled on 28.01.2003 at the instance of the accused and during the further cross-examination on behalf of A-1, 2 and 4, this witness substantially prevaricated from his earlier statements and stated on oath that pursuant to the advertisement given by him in ‘Dinathand and ‘Hindu one Krishnan, an accountant from River way Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., approached him and his friends regarding the sale of lands and he and his friends doing the real estate business approached the land owners and got the power of attorneys and executed the sale deeds in favour of River way Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., During his evidence PW.76 deposed that, land owners gave commission for him and other brokers and he did not receive an other commission. He further deposed that, he did not have any contact with Thiru Rajagopal, District Registrar and he did not know PW.71 Radhakrishnan He also asserted that he did not know Sudhakaran, has only heard his name. He also resiled from his earlier statement that he had informed Rajagopal, District Registrar about the availability of the land and they had been to Tirunelveli. He denied that on 8th and 9th July 1994 Thiru Rajagopal introduced Sudhakaran to him at Thirunelveli. He also denied having visited Thirunelveli along with the said Rajagopal and maintained that all the transactions were carried out at the instance of Krishnan, accountant of M/s. Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., Further, he denied having made a statement “the brokers whobought and gave the land to me ending with that “Rajagopal, Jayalalitha, Sasikala and sudakaran are only purchasing those lands.” Further, this witnessstated on oath that, on 07.09.1997 when he came to his residence, he was threatened by Nallamma Naidu and therefore, he had given false evidence before the Court. 76He further deposed that, during his first enquiry, the police officers related to this case compelled him to tell the names of the accused who were not connected with the case regarding the dealings.

91.16) Pursuant to the orders of the Honble Supreme Court of India, the prosecution recalled this witness for further examination and in the course of the reexamination held on 19.01.2011, the learned Spl.P.P. specifically put a question to the witness as under;

Q: In your evidence in the first instance before the Chennai court you have given evidence regarding the negotiations resulting in execution of sale deeds and power of attorneys but later in 2003 after you were recalled you have given contradictory statements. Which of the two versions is true and correct?

A: The version given by me in the first instance is true and correct.

91.17) The witness was permitted to be cross-examined by the defence and in the cross-examination, it was asked to the witness that, even in the cross-examination also he had stated the truth for which he replied that he had signed the cross-examination, but he did not know the contents thereof. He denied the suggestion that in his re-examination he has given false evidence at the instance of the police.

Notwithstanding the prevarication by the witness, the sequence of events narrated by him with regard to the circumstances surrounding the execution and registration of the various sale deeds have remained unshaken. Even otherwise, the contemporaneous documents spoken to by this witness lend full credence to the testimony of this witness regarding his involvement in the procurement of the properties at the instance of A-3. More importantly, what turns out from the evidence of the above witnesses is that, the so called Riverway Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., was no way in the picture and the funds of the said Company were not utilized for the purchase and registration of these properties.

The learned Sessions Judge has observed in respect of the Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., as under:

PW.52 Gandhi has deposed that he and Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd, had bought 6,10,000/- shares at the rate of Rs. 5/- per share. He could not get proper income from the said mill and decided to sell it. In 1994, Ramaswamy Udayar brought Sudhakaran to them and asked them to sell the mill. They negotiated and agreed to sell it at the rate of Rs. 3/- per share. Sudhakaran, Sundaravadanan, Ilavarasi and Prabha took over the Board of Management and in all 6,18,000 shares were bought by them.

PW.90 Tmt. Sheela Balakarishnan, Secretary in Employee and Admn. Reforms Dept., has deposed that Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., took assistance from SPICOT. The Chairman of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., Mr. Gandhi wrote a letter to the Managing Director of SPICOT Company as per Ex.P-541 informing that V.N. Sudhakaran and J. Elavarasi were appointed as Joint Directors of the said Firm. The existing members Gandhi, Asokan, Satthivelu and Magilavannam also wrote a letter as per Ex. P-542 informing that they had resigned from their post. Through this witness, the prosecution has marked Exs. P-544 to P-547.

Mr. Lakshmi Narayanan, P.A., to the Company Registrar is examined as PW 94 regarding the registration of Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd., This witness has deposed that Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., is registered in their office on 28.5.1996 with registration No. 13060/1986 as per Ex. P-606. The company was started by Thillanayagam, Ramaswamy Udayar and five other persons. The copy of Memorandum of Association is at Ex. P-606 and the copy of Articles of Association is at Ex. P-608. The Form No. 29 relating to the Company are marked as Exs. P-609, 610 and 611 and Form No. 18 is marked as Ex. P-612 and it is stated that as per Form No. 32, V.N. Sudhakaran, Sundaravadanam, Ilavarasi and S. Prabha were appointed as Additional Directors with effect from 23.11.1994.

Ex. P-615 is the certified copy of the Form No. 32, dt. 8.5.1996 submitted by Sundaravadanam in his capacity as the Director intimating that A-3 resigned as Director on 8.5.1996 and A-4 Elavarasi and Prabha resigned with effect from 22.2.1996 and with effect from the said date, three other persons were appointed as Additional Directors.

Ex. P-542 is the letter, dt. 24.11.1995 written by T.V. Sundaravadanam to the Managing Director, SIPCOT Ltd., Madras regarding the change of management and reschedulement of the loan and waiving of interest. In the said letter, it is stated that the change of management has taken place with effect from 19.1.1995 and only the following four Directors, who have been earlier inducted as Additional Directors on 23.11.1994 have been functioning as Board of Directors viz., 1. Tr. T.V. Sundaravadanam (with 12 lakh shares), 2. Tr. V.N. Sudhagaran (with 12 lakh shares), 3. Tmt. J. Elavarasi (with 1000 shares) and 4. Tmt. S. Prabha (with 1000 shares). The other shares are held by the associates of the company.

Ex.P-144 is the certified copy of the sale deed (document No. 26), dt. 7.1.1995 executed by A.S. Arunachalm, who is the power of attorney of Mr. Gandhi in favour of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., shop No. 21, Wellington Plaza, Anna Salai, Madras in respect of 4.44 acres of land comprising Sy. No. 83/1 and Sy. No. 80 situate in Vandampalai village for Rs. 88,800/-. The consideration is shown to have been paid by means of DD bearing No. 626330, dt. 7.1.1995 issued by the Indian Bank.

Ex.P-146 is the certified copy of the sale deed (document No. 28), dt. 7.1.1995 executed by Tmt. S. Valli, through her power of attorney Mr. Gandhi in favour of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., shop No. 21, Wellington Plaza, Anna Salai, Madras for Rs. 1,78,200/-paid by means of a DD bearing No. 626333, dt. 7.1.1995 drawn on Indian Bank in respect of 8.91 acres comprised in Sy. Nos. 77/1A, 77/1C, 77/1B/82/1A situate in Vandampalai village.

Ex.P-147 is the certified copy of the sale deed (document No. 74) of January, 1995 executed by Tmt. Rajamani Ammal, represented by her power of attorney Mr. Asokan in favour of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., shop No. 21, Wellington Plaza, Anna Salai, Madras in respect of 4.57 acres comprised in Sy. Nos. 75, 76/5, 76/2A and 77/1D situate in Vandampalai village for a consideration of Rs.1,62,000/- by means of Bankers Payment Order bearing No 121333, dt. 7.1.1995 issued by the Indian Bank, Madras-18.

Item No.146- Cost of construction of labour quarters (five) in ground floor and five in 1st floor, 10 numbers in ground floor and 10 numbers in 1st floor, construction of 1st floor for guest house, over the existing ground floor and construction of platform in Ramaraj Agro Mills campus at Vandampalai during 1994-95 (Evaluation report) - Rs. 57,19,800.00

Item No. 147, Cost of constructions of compound wall, twin houses, staff quarters for eight numbers and M.D. bungalow in Ramaraj Agro Mills campus at Vandampalai in 1994-95 (Evaluation Report) - Rs. 83,41,000.00

Referring to Ex. D-208, the learned counsel for A-1 further submitted that the company had borrowed a loan of Rs. 1 Cr. from Magunta Investments Pvt. Ltd., towards ICD and the conformation in this regard was produced before the Income-tax authorities as per Ex. D-208 and DW.87 has spoken about all these transactions, which clearly indicate that the company was possessed sufficient needs and resources to acquire the properties and to effect construction therein. Moreover, the prosecution has not produced any material before the court either to show that A-1 had advanced any funds for the acquisition of the said assets, nor is there any evidence on record to indicate that A-2 to A-4 had advanced any funds towards the acquisition of the said properties. Therefore, the entire amount shown in item Nos. 146 and 147 are liable to be deducted.

Before appreciating the contention urged by the learned counsel for A-1, it may be relevant to refer the evidence of PW 153 the Superintending Engineer in Tamil Nadu Public Works Department, who has deposed regarding the inspection of the labour quarters and the compound wall under construction in Ramaraj Agro Mills Campus at Vandampalai. According to this witness, he has worked in Public Works Department for about 35 years and for many years he has worked in Construction Division only. An order was issued to the PWD Chief Engineer on 20.11.1996 to assess the buildings in the premises of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., at Vandam Palayam in A.T. Panner Selvam district. Kaliyappan, Asst. Executive Engineer, Karunakaran, an Asst. Engineer, Manian, a Jr. Engineer and Rajaraman, an Electrical Engineer were appointed to assist him in the assessment from 27.11.1996 to 29.11.1996. They inspected all the buildings and took the measurement and then prepared the assessment report on the basis of the respective order of construction and on the schedule rate of PWD, prepared the assessment report as per Ex. P-822 and he arrived at the total value of the civil work at Rs. 139.56 lakh, electrical works at Rs. 10.734 lakh and total of Rs.150.294 lakh. He has specifically deposed regarding the value fixed by him for the buildings constructed during the years 1991-92 and during 1994-95.

In the cross-examination, it is elicited that there was no written order to inspect the buildings. From 27.11.1996 to 29.11.1996 when they inspected the buildings, two workers from the mill assisted them in digging and other allied works. It is elicited that the court order was not issued and he did not serve any written notice on the company. It is further elicited that the Electrical Engineer, who assessed the electrical works belong to the Public Works Department. In those buildings, workers quarters (30 residences in two buildings), a go-down, a guest house in the 1st floor and the compound wall were completely done. In the bungalow for the Managing Director, two twin houses and a house of quarters were built. Electrical fittings were not fixed and the final coat of painting was also not done. In the cross-examination, it is elicited that the reports were written in two different ink pens. The Asst. Engineer, Karunakaran wrote the report. In the report, it was written as ‘for the subsequent year and it was struck and corrected as ‘respective in different ink. It is also elicited that the Asst. Engineer Karunakaran prepared the plan and notes under his supervision. He valued the buildings on the basis of the PWD rates. The rate list is not enclosed to Ex. P-822 and it does not have the details. As the water supply and sewerage were concealed, he consider those rates as per PWD norms. The rate of electrical fittings were also fixed at the rate of PWD. From local enquiry and his experience, he determined the age of the buildings.

Though this witness was fully cross-examined, he was recalled and subjected for further cross-examination on 24.12.2012 and he made contradictory statements regarding the age of the buildings as well as the rates applied by him for assessment of the value of the buildings. But, when he was recalled at the instance of the Public Prosecutor and was subjected to re-examination by putting a question, he has given two different versions regarding the year of construction of the buildings and which amongst the two versions is the correct one, PW 153 categorically answered that the earlier version i.e., he has stated in his examination-in-chief is correct. During the cross-examination by the counsel for A-1, he answered that during his first examination in the year 2000, his deposition has been made over and accordingly, accepted it as correct and signed it. But, in so far as his deposition in the year 2002 is concerned, he was not permitted to go through the deposition and was asked to sign the same in the presence of the counsel for the accused.

The learned counsel for A-1 has seriously disputed the liability and admissibility of the report submitted by PW.153 contending that the valuation report submitted by him is interpolated and he has not furnished the verifiable data either to determining the age of the buildings or the rate for the construction. In support of his arguments, the learned counsel referred the evidence of DW 81 M. Karunakaran, Asst. Executive Engineer, PWD, who was part of the team in the preparation of the valuation report Ex. P-822. This witness deposed on oath that, at the time when he signed the report Ex. P.822, in the last para, it was mentioned as ‘The rates for the materials and labour are arrived at adopting the schedule rates for the subsequent years for execution and the individual values are worked for each year and the total amount works out to Rs. 139.56 lakh. But, it is now seen that, in the above last para in the 3rd line, the words ‘for the subsequent have been struck off and there is inter-lineations of the portions ‘at the respect. Further, this witness deposed that the report was signed individually and at the time of inspection, no representative of M/s. Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd. was present.

In appreciating the testimony of this witness, it is relevant to note that this witness has not disputed the fact that he was also one of the members of the team along with PW 153 in the assessment and valuation of the workers quarters and the compound wall. He has not denied the fact that during the inspection, the measurements of the buildings were taken and the rates were determined on the basis of the PWD rates. As a matter of fact, Ex. P-822 not only contains the report duly signed by PW 153, DW 81 and other Engineers including the Electrical Engineer, who were part of the assessment team, but also contains the detailed estimate with reference to the measurements of individual items of works running to nearly 219 pages and along with the plan of the buildings and the compound wall duly signed by all the above persons including DW 81, which has remained un-impeached.

No doubt, it is true that in the report there are interlineations as stated by DW 81, but I do not find that the said interlineations has the effect of nullifying the entire contents of Ex. P-822 or the oral testimony of PW 153. Though the learned counsel has made much of the fact that “rates for the subsequent years” is scored off and in its place “at the respective year” is inserted, nothing turns out from the said corrections as is published. It is not the case of either party that PWD publishes the rates for the subsequent years. In the cross-examination of PW 153 itself, it is elicited that every year the rates could be published in writing by the Superintending Engineer. It is not the case of the accused that the rates for the subsequent years are being published in the previous years. Under the said circumstances, there is no question of applying the rates for the subsequent years for determining the assessment done in the relevant year. Therefore, the objections raised by the learned counsel for A-1 do not merit acceptance.

The accused have not disputed the fact that the workers quarters as described in the report and the compound wall was being constructed at the relevant year. On consideration of the evidence of DW 81, I find that this witness is totally a false witness and has no regard for truth whatsoever. From the circumstances brought out in the cross-examination of this witness clearly suggests that he is propped by the accused to support the false defence set up in a bid to offer explanation to the huge assets amassed in the name of the company. In appreciating the evidence of DW 81, it is important to note that being a public servant, who was deputed to assist PW 153 and participated during the evaluation of the structures and the compound wall and he himself scribed the report in his own hand writing, has even gone to the extent of denying the suggestion in the cross-examination, which reads that

“It is not true to suggest that I put signatures in Ex. P-822 after going through the contents of upon being satisfied about the correctness of the said report.”

92.26) When he has admitted in his evidence that Ex. P.822 is in his own handwriting, it cannot be believed that he has signed the report without knowing the contents thereof. This statement not only dents the credibility of his evidence given before the court, but raises serious questions of his continuation in government service. His evidence suggests that either he has been careless or negligent in performance of his duties or that he has deliberately given false evidence unmindful of the consequences that would emanate from his evidence. Nevertheless, it stands established that, by the statements made before the court, he has rendered himself liable for Departmental Enquiry for the misconduct referred above.

92.27) In so far as the documents produced by the accused is concerned, it is necessary to note that Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., is a public limited company. As per the provisions of the Companies Act, it is required to maintain proper accounts complying with the accounting standards. At every annual meeting, the Board of Directors are required to lay the balance sheet, profit and loss accounts statement and report of the Directors etc., which would have been the best evidence regarding the share capital, reserves and liabilities of the company. But, strangely in proof of the asset s and liabilities of the company, the accused have relied on the oral testimony of DW 87 the Chartered Accountant, who is stated to have been involved in the auditing of the accounts of M/s Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., But, bare perusal of the documents marked through this witness at Exs. D-204 to D-208, on the face of it, it reveal that the said documents got up by the accused only to bolster of false defence set up by the accused. Ex.D.204 is certified to be the true copy of the Form No. 3 CA viz., the audit report filed on behalf of M/s Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., It is dt. 22.11.1994. The audit report is marked as Ex. D-206 and it is dt. 1.9.1995. This document is certified as true copy by R. Vaidyanathan, partner of S. Venkataram and Co., On the face of it, this document is not admissible under law neither it is a certified copy, nor is the author of this document examined to prove the said document, as such no reliance could be placed on this document. Even otherwise, this document which is dt. 1.9.1995 could not have been the part of Ex. D-204. There is nothing to indicate that either Ex. D-204 or Ex. D-206 were produced before the income-tax authorities and any order has been passed thereon. The profit and loss account statement for the year ending 31.3.1995 and the balance sheet for the said period are enclosed to the said auditor report, which are also certified by the partner of S. Venkataram and Co., Neither the Directors, nor the partners, who have signed the documents are examined before the court. It is also not known who has signed this balance sheet and the profit and loss account statement. The certified copy of the annual returns filed by Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., is marked as Ex. D-205. The endorsement therein indicates that the said returns were filed only on 30.9.2000. It is seen to have been signed by one A. Kuppusamy as the Director of the company. Though the annexures to the said returns are not produced, this document clearly indicates that the returns in respect of the company were filed in the year 2000. Under the said circumstances, Ex. D-204, D-206 and D-207, which are certified as the true copies by Venkataram and Co., lead to inevitable conclusion that these documents were got up by the accused and these documents were neither the part of the returns, nor were produced by the Income-tax authorities at any time.

92.28) Though the accused have contended that Rs. 1 Cr. was availed as loan from Magunta Investments Pvt., Ltd., company, the accused has neither produced any reliable evidence in proof of the availment of the loan, nor they have examined the author of Ex. D-208 or the recipient thereto. Ex. D-208 is said to be the conformation letter issued by Magunta Investments Pvt., Ltd., in proof of the loan availed by the company. It is dt. 8.2.1996, which reads as under;

“Paid to M/s Ramaraj Agro Mills Pvt. Ltd., DD (vide Global Trust Bank Ltd. Ch. No. 017715, dt. 8.2.1996) for Rs. 1,00,00,000/- (Rs. One Crore only) towards I.C.D.,

Sd./-

For MAGUNTA INVESTMENTS PVT. LTD.,

Director/Authorized signatory.”

92.29) There is absolutely no supporting document by way of bank payment book or proof of either issuance of DD or the cheque or encashment by M/s Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., in proof of the said loan. The accused have sought to sustain the defence solely on the basis of Auditors report and the so-called profit and loss account statement and the balance sheet, which undoubtedly has been got up without any basis or supporting bank documents required under the Companies Act.

92.30) The testimony of PW 182 the Chief Manager, Indian Bank, Abhiramapuram Branch reveals that, by submitting an application, dt. 22.12.1994 as per Ex.P.1341, A-3 opened C.A. No. 1143 in the name of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., company. This application does not contain the seal of the company, nor is it accompanied by any resolution of the company to open the account. Be that it may, the statement of account relating to this C.A. No.1143 discloses that the said account was opened on 23.12.1994 with a deposit of Rs. 1500/-. There is a credit entry for Rs. 8,60,000/- by transfer on 7.1.1995. There is no other credit entry. A self-cheque for Rs. 1,55,000/- is seen to have been passed on 7.1.1995 and that cheque is signed by A-3 as authorized signatory of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., as per Ex. P-1345. On 7.1.1995 a cheque for Rs. 6,98,000/-was passed in favour of the BBO. PW 182 has explained that Ex. P-1347 is the application, dt. 71.1995 submitted by one Ram Vijayan for issuance of Bank Pay Orders for Rs. 6,98,000/-. It is marked as Ex. P-1347 and he has further stated that the Pay Orders were asked in the name of the persons as per the list. Though the individual Pay Orders or DDs corresponding to the sale consideration paid under document Nos. 25 to 29 is not spoken to by PW 182, yet in the sale deeds referred to above viz., Exs. P-143 to P-147, the sale consideration is shown to have been paid by means of DDs bearing Nos.626328, 6263330, 626329, 626333 and BPO 121333, dt. 7.1.1995 issued by the Indian Bank, which co-relates to the amounts drawn through this account.

92.31) Through the above witness, the prosecution has marked the statement of account relating to OD 78 standing in the name of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., as per Ex. P-1348. This account was opened on 4.2.1995. On the same day, a cheque for Rs. 25,02,250/- has been passed under MT Thiruvarur. On 9.2.1995 a cheque for Rs. 25 lakh was passed in favour of BBO. On 21.2.1995 an amount of Rs. 50 lakh was transferred from C.A. No. 1113 to this account. On the same day, there was a debit entry for Rs. 50,05,500/- by MT Thiruvarur. On 23.2.1995 an amount of Rs. 50 lakh has been credited to this account by transfer from OCC-19. On 25.2.1995 there is a debit entry for Rs. 50,03,500/- by MT Thiruvarur. On 26.3.1995 to debit the balance from this account was transferred to OCC – 19 account and then the account was closed. There was a debit balance of Rs. 55,38,023.65 at the time of transfer on that day.

92.32) Ex.P-1349 is the application signed and submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran to open a OCC-19 account in the name of Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., Ex. P-1350 is the photo copy of Form No. 32. One Gandhi has signed in it on 19.2.1994. Ex. P-1351 is the letter signed and submitted by V.N. Sudhakaran asking for a loan of Rs. 200 lakh for the company. Ex. P-1352 is the sanction ticket received from their head office sanctioning a loan (OCC) of Rs. 165 lakh and it is dt. 24.3.1995. Ex.P.1353 is the copy of the telex message sent from the central office asking to transfer the sanctioned loan of Rs. 165 lakh to the same companys account in the Thiruvarur Branch of Indian Bank. Ex. P-1354 is the statement of account of OCC-19. On 23.2.1995 an amount of Rs. 50 lakh has been transferred from this account to OD-78. On 11.3.1995 an amount of Rs. 50,03,500/- has been debited by cheque by MT. Thiruvarur. On 26.3.1995 an amount of Rs.55,38,023.65 has been transferred from OD–78 account to this account and debited. Money has been credited into this account many times by MT Thiruvarur. As on 30.4.1996 in this account, the amount due to the bank was Rs. 39,10,781/-. An amount of Rs. 17,93,002/- was debited from this account towards interest till 30.4.1996.

The learned Sessions Judge has observed in respect of the Signora Business Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. as under:

93. As per the evidence of PW.94 R. Lakshmi Narayanan, Personal Assistant to Company Registrar, Signora Business Enterprises Pvt., Ltd., was registered in the office of the Company Registrar on 22.10.1990 with registration No. 19806 of 1990. The Certificate of Registration is at Ex. P-586. Ex. P-587 is the Memorandum of Association and Ex. P-588 is the Article of Association. The company was started by Sri Bhaskar Reddy from Nellore and Narayana Rao of Chennai. They were the 1st Directors. The companys official address was L-17/4, 26th Cross, Besant Nagar, Chennai. On 13.3.1992, Form No. 18 was submitted regarding the change of office address as per Ex. P-589. On 7.9.1994, Form No. 32 was submitted intimating resignation of P. Krishna Rao and B. Narayana Reddy with effect from 29.8.1994 and the appointment of A-3 V.N. Sudhakaran and A-4 J. Elavarasi as the Addl. Directors with effect from 17.8.1994 as per E. P-598. On 24.11.1994 Form No. 18 was submitted for having changed the office of the company to No. 21, 1st Floor, Wellington Plaza as per Ex. P-591. Thereafter, another Form No. 32 was filed on 28.5.1996 stating that Manohar and Hari Krishna from Bombay were appointed as Addl. Directors on 17.2.1996 and on 5.2.1996 respectively as per Ex. P-592. On 30.5.1996 Form No. 32 was submitted as per Ex. P-593 intimating the resignation of A-3 on 5.3.1996 and resignation of A-4 on 12.3.1996. Thereafter, PW 94 did not receive any information about the change of address of the said company.

In the cross-examination, it is elicited that the company had filed the Returns for the year1991-92 and 1992-93. The copies of the Returns and the Balance sheet with Auditors report filed on 5.5.1993 by Narayana Rao and V.S. Bhaskar Reddy reveal that the authorized capital of the company was Rs. 10 lakh and the paid up capital was only 900 equity shares of Rs. 10/- each amounting Rs. 9,000/-. In the Auditors report, dt. 9.9.1993, it is specifically stated that the company has no fixed assets and there were no stocks and the company had not given or taken any loan from the firms or companies or its Managers. Thus, from the documents marked through this witness coupled with his oral evidence, it stands established that, after the resignation of the earlier Directors, A-3 and A-4 became the Directors of the aforesaid company on 17.8.1994 and resigned on 5.3.1996 and 12.3.1996 respectively. There is nothing on record to show that the company had filed any Annual Returns or the Balance sheet subsequent to A-3 and A-4 became the Directors thereof. There is also nothing on record to show that either A-3 or A-4 had subscribed the shares of the company or had contributed to the capital of the company.

93.2) Regarding various properties purchased by this Firm after A-3 and A-4 became its Directors, PW.9 Sadagopan, the Sub-Registrar, Cheyyur has deposed that, during the year 1993 when he was working as Sub- Registrar at Seyyoor, he registered the sale deed executed by M/s K. Appaswamy Mudaliar and others in favour of Signora Business Enterprises Pvt., Ltd., for Rs. 27,720/- on 8.12.1993 as per Ex. P-34. On 1.2.1994 another sale deed was registered as per Ex. P-35 in favour of the said Firm for Rs. 84,400/- in respect of 1.14 acres of land. The market value of the said property was Rs. 1,45,800/-. Ex.P-33 is another sale deed registered in favour of Signora Business Enterprises Pvt., Ltd., for Rs. 16,800/-. The market value of this property was Rs. 28,760/-. On 26.5.1993 another sale deed Ex. P-36 was registered in favour of the company for Rs. 1,20,000/- and on 25.6.1993 Ex. P-37 the sale deed was registered in favour of the aforesaid Firm for Rs. 82,500/- (market value was Rs. 1,41,000/-) and likewise, another sale deed Ex. P-38 was executed on 20.4.1993 and he registered it for Rs.41,250/- (market value was Rs. 71,050/-) and on 25.6.1993 he registered Ex. P-39 executed in favour of the aforesaid Firm for Rs. 55,500/- (market value was Rs.82,140/-). In the cross-examination, it is elicited that, at the time of the registration, he ascertained that the sale price has been paid to the vendors and registered all the documents only after the sellers confirmed that they have received the cash.

The learned Sessions Judge has observed in respect of the Indo Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd., as under:

94.1) PW.84 further deposed that the share holders had authorised PW.84 to sell the shares and get their money. Accordingly, PW.84 and A-3 entered into a memorandum of understanding as per Ex.P.510. Through this witness, the prosecution got marked the bank account Register Ex.P.511. PW.84 further deposed that, after selling his shares he continued as Chairman of the said Company and further deposed that during 1994, Company was leased to SPIC and he signed the lease documents as per Ex.P.512.

94.2) PW.84 further deposed that, in 1994 Natarajan, DW.2 asked him about the files, ledgers and documents relating to Indo-Doha Chemical Company. He told him that, all those documents have been given to the auditor Sri.Rajasekharan. This witness was recalled on 07.09.2000 and during the examination by the counsel for A-3, he substantially resiled from his earlier testimony stating that he has not given any resignation letter during 1994. He further stated that, in the Board of Directors meeting did not pass any resolution to sell the shares at Rs.6/- per share. It was resolved as to whom the shares were to be transferred and he does not know whether the shares have been transferred to the name of V.N.Sudhakaran or not. It is further elicited that till the year 1993 the company submitted the yearly returns and he has not informed to the Registrar of Companies about the transfer of shares.

PW.85 – Sreedhar was the Vice-President of Ind Bank from 1989 to 1997. He has deposed that Bank purchased 2,50,000 shares of Indo-Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceutical at Rs.10/- per share. The shares so purchased in 1992 were sold in the year 1994 to Sudhakaran for Rs.27,41,000/- and the amount was paid through Canara Bank cheque.

PW.90 Tmt. Sheela Balakrishnan, Secretary Administration Reforms Department, has deposed that the Chairman of the Ramraj Agro Mills Ltd., Gandhi, wrote a letter to the Managing Directors of SIPCOT Company stating that, V.N.Sudhakaran, T.V. Sundaravadanam, J. Elavarasi and Tmt. Prabha were appointed as additional directors. The existing members Gandhi, Asokan, Satyavel, Mahilavannan wrote a letter stating that they withdrew from their post. The said letter is Ex.P.542. SIPCOT agreed for the change of administration. Ex.P.544 is the resolution of the Board of Meeting. PW.92 – Ketan Gandhi, Excecutive Director of Interface Capital Market Private Limited corroborated the testimony of PW.85 regarding the purchase of shares stating that, Interface Capital Market Pvt. Ltd., purchased 2,20,000 shares of Indo-Doha Chemicals and Pharmaceauticals Ltd., at Rs.10/- per share. According to this witness after they invested in the company, the company did not make any profits. Hence they tried to sell the shares and in 1994 Ind Bank approached PW.92 and holding that, they would make arrangement to sell the share Ex.P.559, letter written by the Bank to PW.92 and Ex.P.560 is the copy of the letter written by PW.92 to V.N.Sudhakaran regarding the matter. PW.92 further deposed that, a sum of Rs.24,05,000/- was paid to them through D.Ds.

94.7) PW.93 James Fredric is the Managing Director of Intake Products Ltd., He has deposed that, he own a pesticide factory in Sipcot Industrial Estate, Cuddlore. He knows V.N.Sudhakaran who purchased Indo-Doha Chemicals Company which was beside his factory in the Sipcot Industrial Estate. Sudhakaran wanted to develop his factory and for that he needed the land of PW.93. He wished to buy the factory shares and to take over the administration. As the factory was running at loss and having a debt of 7 to 8 crores, PW.93 agreed to hand over the administration to Intake Products Ltd., to V.N.Sudhakaran and agreed to transfer 8,56,636 shares of the company to V.N.Sudhakaran, who paid Rs.50.00 lakhs by way of three cheques. Through this witness, prosecution got marked the extract of the Bank account of PW.93 as Ex.P.563, copy of the pay-in-slip Ex.P.564, P.565. This witness further deposed that, with this money he took a D.D. of Rs.50.00 lakhs in the name of Coromandel and settle the debts. Ex.P.566 is the application for the D.D. This witness further deposed that presently Intake company is under the control of official liquidator.

During his cross-examination, except eliciting that he did not tell the police during his enquiry about the extra money given to him, the other part of his testimony was not challenged. But, this witness was recalled at the instance of the accused and surprisingly in his further cross-examination by the accused, this witness stated that, during his chief-examination he did not say anything about Ex.P.563 to P.566 and further stated that Intake Products Ltd., shares were not transferred to the name of third accused and maintained that the shares of the company are still with PW.93 and the amount of Rs.20.00 lakhs being the purchase money is also with him. He denied having made any statement before the I.O. But, pursuant to the orders of the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, even this witness was recalled by the learned Spl. Public Prosecutor and was subjected to re-examination and was questioned as to whether the statement made by him during his chief-examination to the effect that they were ready to transfer 8,56,636 shares of the company for which V.N.Sudhakaran gave them three cheques viz., cheque for Rs.20.00 lakhs, Canara Bank, Mylapore, cheque for Rs.20.00 lakhs Indian Bank, Mandhaveli, and cheque for Rs.10.00 lakhs and the transfer of shares and regarding the transfer of his shares, he received only Rs.20.00 lakhs from the third accused and Rs.20.00 lakhs is with him is correct. PW.93 answered that, due to the age factor, his memory power has gone weak and therefore he is not in a position to say which of the statement is correct.

94.8) From the above evidence, it could be deduced that,

(i) At the relevant time of acquisition of the above properties, all the above six companies were exclusively in the control and management of A-2 to A-4. As already highlighted above, the promoters had already resigned in favour of A-2 to A-4. Except Indo Doha Pharmaceuticals Company Pvt. Ltd., all other promoters and erstwhile Directors have unequivocally stated before the Court that, on receipt of the amount invested by them for the formation of the Companies, they signed the necessary forms and went out of the Company and since then, they ceasedof any right or interest in the said property.

(ii) The promoter Directors have categorically stated before the Court that they did not purchase any properties in their names either before or after the formation of the Company as long as they were on the Board of Directors.

(iii) It has come in evidence that A-2 to A-4 took over the management of the Company without even buying the requisite shares. Though it is argued by the counsel for A-1 that in terms of the Memorandum of Association and Articles of the Company, qualifications of the shares is not necessary, yet, the fact remains that A-2 to A-4 continued the name of the Company without there being any other shareholders and without purchasing any shares by themselves. This is one of the strong circumstances to show that, though the Companies are incorporated under the Companies Act, they do not have any trappings of a company.

(iv) It is proved in evidence that, none of the above Companies had any account in their names. It is only the erstwhile Shareholders of M/s. Ramaraj Agro Mills Ltd., had stated before the Court that the Company had a bank account, but when a specific question was put to this witness as to whether the payment for the purchase of the properties was made from the said bank account, the witness gave an evasive answer making it evident that for the purchase of the properties involved in the case, the funds of the Companies were never utilized.

(v) There is clinching evidence to show that the bank accounts were opened by A-2 and A-3 in the name of the Companies only after they took over the management and control of the companies and all the transactions relating to the said companies are stated to have taken place through these accounts. But it is necessary to note that the funds were transferred or remitted to these accounts either from the bank account held in the name of Namadhu MGR, Jaya Publications or other firms run by A-1 and A-2, which clinches the issue that, the funds for the acquisition of the properties had flown from A-1 either directly or through the accounts maintained in the joint names of A-1 and A-2.

94.9) It is also important to note that the properties involved in the trial had never assumed the character of the assets of the Company and did not vest with the Company as contended by the learned Counsel for the accused. It is proved in evidence that, no funds of the above named companies were utilized for the acquisition of the properties. It is an admitted fact that, none of the companies had filed returns either before the Registrar of Companies or before the Income Tax Authorities declaring the funds for the purchase of the properties or the acquisitions alleged to have been made in the name of the Companies.

In the instant case, Sections 209, 210, 211 and 215 of the Companies Act, 1956, have not been complied. Returns have not been filed by the respective companies from the date of its incorporation till the date of attachment of the properties.

94.16) Sec.220 of the Companies Act, lays down that, “After the balance sheet and profit and loss account have been laid before a company at an annual general meeting as aforesaid, there shall be filed with the Registrar within 30 days from the date on which the balance sheet and the profit and loss account were so laid or where the annual general meeting of a company for any year has not been held, there shall be filed with the Registrar within 30 days from the latest day on or before which that meeting should have been held in accordance with the provisions of this Act.” It is not thecase of A-2 to A-4 that during their tenure as the sole Directors of the above Companies, they had complied with any of these legal requirements so as to claim that the transactions entered into by them were for and on behalf of the Companies.

94.17) That apart, there is nothing on record to show that, A-2 to A-4 had convened any annual general meeting of the Company at the relevant time when they were at the helm of the Company nor is there any material to show that regular returns were filed before the Registrar as required under law. That apart, the above companies did not have their own auditor appointed as per Sec.224 of the Act, instead, it has come in evidence that the auditors of A-1 to A-4 themselves submitted the returns after the properties of the companies were attached. All these circumstances clearly go to show that the except using the name of the company, the acquisitions were never intended to be the assets of the above companies nor were they treated as the properties of the companies at any point of time. It is only after the attachment of the properties, the accused have come up with the contention that the properties having been registered in the name of the companies, the ownership thereof vests with the Company and therefore the properties in question could not be said to be the benami properties of A-1. But, as already discussed above, the funds for the purchase of these properties are proved to have been flown from the sources provided by A-1 and all throughout, the properties were treated as private properties of A-3 and A-4. It has come in evidence that, A-3 and A-4 obtained loan for effecting improvements in these properties and there is nothing on record to show that the loan liability has been taken over by the above Companies. The certified copy of the orders in Misc. Ptn. 768/2014 dt. 18.06.2014 and Misc. Ptn. 289/2014 dtd. 26.06.2014 passed u/Sec. 5 (3) of the Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, by this Court in exercise of the powers under the said Ordinance, reveals that after the resignation of A-3 and A-4, there was no proper appointment of the Directors and a finding has been recorded that, apparently for the said reason, the order of attachment passed in 1997 was not questioned before the District Judge for nearly two years. A finding has been returned in the above orders that the consideration for purchase of the properties did not represent the funds of the respective companies. In the light of these findings, the contentions raised by the accused that the properties in question absolutely belong to the above Companies and therefore could not have been tagged to the assets of A-l on the basis of benami cannot be accepted.

94.18) The argument of the learned counsel that the Companies incorporated under the Companies Act cannot hold the properties benami to another person is misconceived and cannot be accepted. No doubt, it is a basic or cardinal principle of law that, on incorporation, a Company acquires legal status with perpetual succession and a common seal. Since the Company has no physical existence, it must act through its agents and all such contracts entered into by its agents must be under the seal of the Company. The common seal of the company is of great importance. It acts as the official signature of the Company. A document not bearing the common seal of the Company is not authentic and has no legal force behind it. But unfortunately, in the instant case, hardly any document of title registered in the name of the above Companies bear the seal of the Company. This is another circumstance to show that the properties purchased in the name of the above Companies never assumed the character of the assets of the Companies. Worse still, the above Companies are not even represented by either the Secretary or Director and in 90% of the registered deeds discussed above there is not even the address of the Companies written in the body of the deed. This is another circumstance to show that, shoddy and murky deals had taken place in the names of the Companies solely with a view to screen the properties acquired through illegal means.

94.19) The above view gets further fortified from the fact that, the Registrar who registered these properties and PW.181 who negotiated for the purchase of the properties bent the rules only to help the A-1. The circumstances brought out in their evidence clearly indicate that, they went out of the way to register these properties as instructed by A-1 solely to oblige A-1. I have already referred to some of the documents wherein, even the names of the purchasers were not included at the time of purchase and almost all the documents were undervalued. The Dist. Registrar has unequivocally stated that, he proceeded with the registration solely because the properties were purchased by A-1. Under the said circumstance, it does not lie in the mouth of the accused now to contend that since the properties were registered in the name of the Companies they are deemed to be the properties of the Companies.

94.20) The legal position is well settled ever since the decision in the case of Solomon vs. Solomon that, Company is a legal entity and is distinct from its members. It bears its own name and a seal of its own. Its assets are distinct from those of its members. This principle of separate entity is regarded as curtain or veil which cannot be generally pierced. But, when this notion of the Company or its Corporate identity is used to circumvent law, to defeat public policy, perpetuate fraud or illegality and used as a cover or façade to justify wrong, defend crime, to lend a name to private dealing, law will not regard the Company as a corporate entity and afford the protection which it otherwise entitled under the Company Law. When camouflaged transactions are carried on behind the legal façade, Court may lift this veil and look behind the artificial personality of the Company and identify the real personalities or natural persons operating behind the veil. This is one of such case where overwhelming evidence is available to show that the name of the Companies is used by the accused to make acquisitions by diverting the funds illegally amassed by A-1 during her tenure as Chief-Minister.

94.21) The facts and circumstances proved in the case undoubtedly establish that the accused have adopted an ingenious ploy or device in furtherance of their criminal conspiracy to shield the properties acquired through commission of offence. The illegally amassed wealth running to nearly 3000 acres of land is sparked in these shell Companies, obviously for the reason that this arrangement provides a convenient leeway to enjoy and deal with the properties registered in the name of the Companies and even dispose them of merely by passing a mere resolution. Therefore, the intention of the accused in buying over the above Companies and taking full control over the management thereof and thereafter acquire large number of properties in the name of the Companies undoubtedly manifests the criminal motive and intention of the accused attracting the ingredients of offence u/Sec.13(1) (e) of the Act, R/w. Sec. 120-B of I.P.C.

94.22) In the preceding part of this judgment, I have already referred to the view held by the Honble Supreme Court of India on this point, wherein, it is clearly held that the property in the name of an Income Tax assessee, by itself cannot be a ground to hold that it actually belongs to an assessee and that there is no embargo in getting the property registered in the name of one person, although the real beneficiary is another. In view of the above factual and legal position, I hold that the properties registered in the name of the above six Companies and which are the subject matter of the G.O. MS. No. 1183 dt. 25.09.1997 and G.O. MS. No.120 dt.12.01.1997 issued by the State of Tamil Nadu is proved to be the properties acquired and held by A-2 to A-4 for and on behalf of A-1.

94.24) But, it is now well settled, that private individuals can also be prosecuted for conspiracy and abetment of offence of criminal misconduct along with the public servant under the provisions of the P.C. Act. The position of law in this regard is clarified by the Honble Supreme Court of India in the case of P.Nallammal vs. State, 1999 Crl.L.J. 3967. It is observed that acquisition and possession by a public servant, is capable of being abetted. It is held in the above decision that, there is neither an express or implied exclusion in the 1988 Act to deal with such a situation falling back on Sec. 109 of the Penal Code. The Legislature, while framing 1988 Act made no room for any doubt about the applicability of certain provisions of Penal code for offences under the Act. The absence of such a provision as found in the Corruption Act will only lead to the conclusion that the Legislature did not want to wipe out all the provisions of the Penal Code except Sec. 161 to 165-A which are found redrafted in the 1988 Act. U/Sec. 3 of the 1988 Act, the Spl. Judge has power to try not only any offences punishable under this Act, but also any conspiracy to commit or any attempt to commit or any abetment of any of the offences under the Act. The private individuals therefore can be prosecuted by the Court on the ground that they have abetted the act of criminal mis-conduct falling under Section 13(1)(e) of the 1988 Act committed by the public servant.

95. In the instant case, there is overwhelming evidence to show that at the relevant time, A-2 to A-4 did not have any source of income commensurate with the value of the properties purchased in their name and all the assets and pecuniary resources described in Annx. II including properties registered in the name of the above six companies were acquired out of the source provided by A-1. In this context, it may be pertinent to ascertain the antecedents of A-2 to A-4 and their financial status. As already stated above, A-2 to A-4 are not related to A-1 either by blood or through any other relationship. A-1 is a spinster. According to the prosecution, A-2 came to reside with A-1 at Poes Garden in the year 1988, which fact has not been disputed. PW.169 Sri. R. Krishna Murthy has stated about the occupation of the husband of A-2 stating that, Tr. M. Natarajan joined the Government service as Assistant to the then Social Service Dept. Later, he was placed as Information Public Relations Officer on 30.11.1970 and continued in that post till 31.07.1976. Later in 1980 he was posted in the same post and continued there till 1988. In his service records, he appointed his wife Sasikala as nominee. He had received Rs.3,000/- as scooter advance when he was PRO. Later to buy a constructed house, he availed a loan of Rs.84,700/- in 1987. In the same year he availed a loan of Rs.80,000/- to purchase a motor car. On 1.11.1988, he submitted his resignation but it was accepted in the year 1991 w.e.f. the date of his letter. In the cross-examination, it is elicited that PW.169 did not produce any document either in proof of availment of loan or with regard to the resignation by the husband of A-2. But it is not the case of A-2 that her husband is even now continuing in Govt. service. Under the said circumstance, there is no reason to disbelieve the testimony of this witness that, her husband was in Govt. service and he did not possess any substantial assets in his name.

95.3) No doubt it is true that, A-2 has produced certain Income Tax returns and has also filed wealth tax returns after she started residing with A-1 at Poes Garden claiming to have earned income through business carried on by her in partnership with A-1 under the name and style Jaya Publications and Sasi Enterprises. But all these properties are taken into consideration by the prosecution in Annx. I.

95.4) Coming to the financial status of A-3, PW.128 Balakrishnan has stated that on the application submitted by A-3, a site was allotted to A-3 by the Tamil Nadu Housing Board and through this witness the allotment file is marked as Ex.P.720. Along with the said application A-3 has produced the income certificate issued by the Tahsildar of Mambalam Guindy Taluk as per Ex.P.723 wherein, it is certified that the income of A-3 as on 28.07.1992 was Rs.44,400/- per annum. Added to that, he has submitted a declaration as per Ex.P.722 stating that as on that date, he and his wife or minor dependent child did not own any house or house site or flat and also not been allotted any other house to him. It is also the case of the prosecution that, until 1992, A-3 was only a student pursuing his studies and had no income whatsoever. Though A-3 has contended that he was possessed with substantial means and resources, A-3 has not produced any independent evidence in proof of his financial capacity to make large number of acquisitions in his name. The evidence produced by the accused suggest that, he had indep