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Karthika Devi Vs. Selvakumar - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtChennai Madurai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberTR.CMP (MD) No. 420 of 2016 & C.M.P (MD) No. 8310 of 2016
Judge
AppellantKarthika Devi
RespondentSelvakumar
Excerpt:
.....marriage was solemnized under hindu law marital relationship is governed by the provisions of the hindu marriage act. therefore, section 19 has to be given a purposeful interpretation. it is the residence of the wife, which determines the question of jurisdiction, in case the proceeding was initiated at the instance of the wife. 22. while considering a provision like section 19 (iii-a) of the hindu marriage act, the objects and reasons which prompted the parliament to incorporate such a provision has also to be taken note of. sub clause (iii-a) was inserted in section 19 with a specific purpose. experience is the best teacher. the government found the difficulties faced by women in the matter of initiation of matrimonial proceedings. the report submitted by the law commission as well as.....
Judgment:

(Prayer: Petition filed under Section 24 of the Civil Procedure Code, to withdraw H.M.OP.No.57 of 2016 on the file of the Subordinate Court, Sivakasi, and transfer the same to the file of the Sub Court, Sankarankovil.)

1. The case of the petitioner is that the marriage between the petitioner and the respondent was solemnized on 06.03.2011 as per the Hindu rites and customs. Subsequent to the marriage, the respondent was not maintaining the petitioner and not leading a happy life with the petitioner. Due to the frequent quarrel between the parties and the non maintenance of the petitioner by the respondent, the petitioner was forced to file M.C.No.7 of 2014 seeking maintenance and the same was allowed on 27.02.2015. In spite of the order, the respondent is not paying the maintenance to the petitioner. Therefore, proceedings for recovery of maintenance are also initiated by the petitioner at Sankarankovil. In order to avoid payment of maintenance, the respondent filed H.M.O.P.No.57 of 2016 for restitution of conjugal rights before the Sub Court, Sivakasi, only with an idea to harass the petitioner and to evade from the payment of monthly maintenance to the petitioner. This apart, criminal proceedings are also initiated against the respondent by the petitioner, which are all pending before the forums at Sankarankovil. The further contention of the petitioner is that she is receiving frequent threats from the respondent and his relatives. Therefore, as a lady, she will not be in a position to defend the case at Sivakasi.

2. Despite service notice on the respondent and his name is also being printed in the cause list, there is no representation on behalf of the respondent either in person or through pleader and therefore, this Court is constrained to pass orders on merits.

3. The principles regarding transfer petitions, more specifically in the matters of matrimonial cases in respect of women, are well settled through the decisions of the High Court of Madras, in the following cases:-

(i)The Hon'ble Division Bench of the High Court of Madras in W.A.No.1181 of 2009, dated 09.07.2010 has held as follows:-

''21. The domicile or citizenship of the opposite party is immaterial in a case like this. In case the marriage was solemnized under Hindu Law marital relationship is governed by the provisions of the Hindu Marriage Act. Therefore, Section 19 has to be given a purposeful interpretation. It is the residence of the wife, which determines the question of jurisdiction, in case the proceeding was initiated at the instance of the wife.

22. While considering a provision like Section 19 (iii-a) of the Hindu Marriage Act, the objects and reasons which prompted the parliament to incorporate such a provision has also to be taken note of. Sub Clause (iii-a) was inserted in Section 19 with a specific purpose. Experience is the best teacher. The Government found the difficulties faced by women in the matter of initiation of matrimonial proceedings. The report submitted by the Law Commission as well as National Commission for Women, underlying the need for such amendment so as to enable the women to approach the nearest jurisdictional court to redress their matrimonial grievances, were also taken note of by the Government. Therefore such a beneficial provision meant for the women of our Country should be given a meaningful interpretation by Courts.''

(ii)In yet another case in TR.CMP.Nos.138 and 139 of 2006, dated 30.08.2006, the High Court of Madras has considered the following judgments of the Hon'ble Supreme Court:-

''16. In AIR 2000 SC 3512 (1) (Mona Aresh Goel vs. Aresh Satya Goel), when the wife pleaded that she was unable to bear the traveling expenses and even to travel alone and stay at Bombay, the Supreme Court ordered transfer of proceedings.

In 2000 (10) SCC 304, the Honourable Supreme Court has held that where the petitioner's wife has pleaded lack of money, the same has to be considered.

In 2000 (9) SCC 355, the wife has filed a petition to transfer the proceedings initiated by the husband for divorce, at Bombay. The place of residence of the wife was at Jaipur, Rajasthan. In that case, the petitioner is having a small child and that she pleaded difficulty in going all the way from Jaipur to Bombay to contest the proceedings from time to time. Considering the distance and the difficulties faced by the wife, the Supreme Court has allowed the transfer petition.

In a decision reported in 2005 (12) SCC 395, the wife has sought for transfer of matrimonial proceedings and a divorce petition has been filed by the respondent's husband at Baikunthpur to be transferred to Allahabad, where the petitioner's wife was residing, on the ground that it would be difficult for her to undertake such long distance journey, particularly in circumstances, in which she finds that the proceedings under Section 125 Cr.P.C. was already pending before the Family Court, Allahabad. Considering the difficulties faced by the wife and also the long distance journey, the Honourable Supreme Court was pleased to order transfer of the proceedings to Allahabad.

(iii) In a decision made in TR.CMP(MD)No.108 of 2010, dated 03.03.2011, the Madurai Bench of Madras High Court, has observed as below:-

''18. It is true that section 19 of the Hindu Marriage Act, has been amended by insertion of proviso of (iii)(a) to section 19. Of Course, this amended section 19(iii)(a) gives special preference to the wife to file a petition or defending the case of the husband before the Court within whose jurisdiction she resides. The intention of the legislator is to safe-guard the interest and rights of the women, who are being subjected to harassment and cruelty. But this special preference conferred under section 19(iii)(a) of the Hindu Marriage Act shall not be used to wreck vengeance on the husband. There must be a justifiable cause to select the jurisdiction of the Court where she resides.''

4. In view of the above pronouncements, the case of the petitioner deserves to be considered and accordingly, this Transfer Civil Miscellaneous Petition is allowed and H.M.OP.No.57 of 2016 on the file of the Subordinate Court, Sivakasi, is ordered to be transferred to the Sub Court, Sankarankovil. No costs. Consequently, C.M.P(MD)No.8310 of 2016 is closed.


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