* + IN THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI CRL.M.C. 1057/2016 PARDEEP KUMAR Date of Decision: October 20th, 2016 ........ Petitioner
Through: Mr. K.C. Singh, Advocate Versus VIJAY KUMAR & ANR ........ RESPONDENTS
Through: Mr. Izhar Ahmad, Additional Public Prosecutor for the State CORAM: HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE P.S.TEJI Learned Additional Public Prosecutor P.S.TEJI, J.
1. The present petition under Section 482 Cr.P.C. has been filed by the petitioner, namely, Sh. Pardeep Kumar for quashing of FIR No.95/2008 dated 27.07.2008, under Section 3
IPC registered at Police Station Anand Parbat on the basis of the Settlement/Agreement entered into by the petitioner and respondent no.1, namely, Sh. Vijay Kumar before the Delhi Mediation Centre, Tis Hazari Courts, Delhi on 27.07.2013. respondent-State 2. submitted that the respondent no.1 present in the Court has been identified to be the complainant/first-informant in the FIR in question by his counsel.
3. The factual matrix of the present case is on the allegation that that on 26.07.2008, at around 9.15 pm when the complainant was on his way to a nearby STD booth, the accused person along with his friends got hold of the complainant and started to beat him with a bat and also attacked him which a sharp pointed object. When the complainant asked about the reason, the accused person stated that he for Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 1 of 7 that was doing so because the complainant had told everyone about the fact the accused person cuts the Cable wires. When the complainant’s mother, aunt and uncle tried to stop the accused and his friends from further beating the complainant, the accused person along with his friends gave beatings to them too as a result of which, they sustained several injuries. Respondent No.1, present in the Court, submitted that the FIR in question was registered against Thereafter, the police was informed and a complaint was lodged the following which, accused person/petitioner. Later, parties arrived at an amicable settlement.
4. the dispute between the parties has been amicably resolved. As per the Settlement, it is agreed that the parties involved in FIR No.96/2008 shall initiate the quashing proceedings for the quashing of the said FIR No.96/2008 on or before 31.08.2013. It is also agreed that Respondent no.1 and the other injured persons named in the settlement shall initiate appropriate legal proceedings for the quashing of the FIR in question. It is further agreed that none of the parties shall file any other case/complaint against each other in future qua the present cause of action and shall also not quarrel with each other in future. Respondent No.1 affirmed the contents of the aforesaid settlement and of his affidavit dated 23.02.2016 supporting this petition. In the affidavit, he has stated that he has no objection if the FIR in question is quashed. All the disputes and differences have been resolved through mutual consent. Now no dispute with petitioner survives and so, the proceedings arising out of the FIR in question be brought to an Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 2 of 7 end. Statement of the respondent no.1 has been recorded in this regard in which he stated that he has entered into a compromise with the petitioner and has settled all the disputes with him. He further stated that he has no objection if the FIR in question is quashed. In Gian Singh v. State of Punjab (2012) 10 SCC303Apex 5. Court has recognized the need of amicable resolution of disputes in cases like the instant one, by observing as under:-
"continuation of to abuse of process of “61. In other words, the High Court must consider whether it would be unfair or contrary to the interest of justice to continue with the criminal proceedings criminal proceedings would or tantamount law despite settlement and compromise between the victim and the wrongdoer and whether to secure the ends of justice, it is appropriate that criminal case is put to an end and if the answer to the above question(s) is in the affirmative, the High Court shall be well within its jurisdiction to quash the criminal proceedings.” The aforesaid dictum stands reiterated by the Apex Court in a 6. recent judgment in Narinder Singh v. State of Punjab (2014) 6 SCC466 The relevant observations of the Apex Court in Narinder Singh (Supra) are as under:-
"“29. In view of the aforesaid discussion, we sum up and lay down the following principles by which the High Court would be guided in giving adequate treatment to the settlement between the parties and exercising its power under Section 482 of the Code while accepting the settlement and quashing the proceedings or refusing to accept the settlement with direction to continue with the criminal proceedings:
29. 1 Power conferred under Section 482 of the Code is to be distinguished from the power which lies in the Court to compound the offences under Section 320 of the Code. No doubt, under Section 482 of the Code, Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 3 of 7 the High Court has inherent power to quash the criminal proceedings even in those cases which are not compoundable, where the parties have settled the matter between themselves. However, this power is to be exercised sparingly and with caution. 29.2. When the parties have reached the settlement and on that basis petition for quashing the criminal proceedings is filed, the guiding factor in such cases would be to secure: (i) ends of justice, or (ii) to prevent abuse of the process of any court. While exercising the power the High Court is to form an opinion on either of the aforesaid two objectives. 29.3. Such a power is not to be exercised in those prosecutions which involve heinous and serious offences of mental depravity or offences like murder, rape, dacoity, etc. Such offences are not private in nature and have a serious impact on society. Similarly, for the offences alleged to have been committed under special statute like the Prevention of Corruption Act or the offences committed by public servants while working in that capacity are not to be quashed merely on the basis of compromise between the victim and the offender. 29.4. On the other hand, those criminal cases having overwhelmingly and predominantly civil character, particularly commercial transactions or arising out of matrimonial relationship or family disputes should be quashed when the parties have resolved their entire disputes among themselves. arising those out of 7. The inherent powers of the High Court ought to be exercised to prevent the abuse of process of law and to secure the ends of justice. The respondent no.1 agreed to the quashing of the FIR in question and stated that the matter has been settled out of his own free will. As the matter has been settled and compromised amicably, so, there would be Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 4 of 7 an extraordinary delay in the process of law if the legal proceedings between the parties are carried on. So, this Court is of the considered opinion that this is a fit case to invoke the jurisdiction under Section 482 Cr.P.C. to prevent the abuse of process of law and to secure the ends of justice. The incorporation of inherent power under Section 482 Cr.P.C.
8. is meant to deal with the situation in the absence of express provision of law to secure the ends of justice such as, where the process is abused or misused; where the ends of justice cannot be secured; where the process of law is used for unjust or unlawful object; to avoid the causing of harassment to any person by using the provision of Cr.P.C. or to avoid the delay of the legal process in the delivery of justice. Whereas, the inherent power is not to be exercised to circumvent the express provisions of law.
9. It is settled law that the inherent power of the High Court under Section 482 Cr.P.C. should be used sparingly. The Hon’ble Apex Court in the case of State of Maharashtra through CBI v. Vikram Anatrai Doshi and Ors. MANU/SC/0842/2014 and in the case of Inder Singh Goswami v. State of Uttaranchal MANU/SC/0808/2009 has observed that powers under Section 482 Cr.P.C. must be exercised sparingly, carefully and with great caution. Only when the Court comes to the conclusion that there would be manifest injustice or there would be abuse of the process of the Court if such power is not exercised, Court would quash the proceedings.
10. It is a well settled law that where the High Court is convinced that the offences are entirely personal in nature and therefore do not Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 5 of 7 affect public peace or tranquility and where it feels that quashing of such proceedings on account of compromise would bring about peace and would secure ends of justice, it should not hesitate to quash them. In such cases, pursuing prosecution would be waste of time and energy. Non-compoundable offences are basically an obstruction in entering into compromise. the main offence is compoundable but the connected offences are not. In the case of B.S. Joshi and others v. State of Haryana and another 2003 (4) SCC675the Hon’ble Apex Court observed that even though the provisions of Section 320 Cr.P.C. would not apply to such offences which are not compoundable, it did not limit or affect the powers under Section 482 Cr.P.C. The Hon’ble Apex Court laid down that if for the purpose of securing the ends of justice, quashing of FIR becomes necessary, section 320 Cr.P.C. would not be a bar to the exercise of power of quashing. justified the exercise of powers under Section 482 Cr.P.C. to quash the proceedings to secure the ends of justice in view of the special facts and circumstances of the case, even where the offences were non- compoundable. the Hon’ble Apex Court In certain cases, In the nutshell, In the light of the aforesaid, this Court is of the view that notwithstanding the fact that the offence under Section 324 IPC is a non-compoundable offence, in quashing the FIR under this section, if the Court is otherwise satisfied that the facts and circumstances of the case so warrant.
11. In the facts and circumstances of this case and in view of statement made by the respondent no.1, the FIR in question warrants there should be no impediment Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 6 of 7 to be put to an end and proceedings emanating thereupon need to be quashed.
12. Accordingly, this petition is allowed and FIR No.95/2008 dated 27.07.2008, under Section 3
IPC registered at Police Station Anand Parbat and the proceedings emanating therefrom are quashed against the petitioner.
13. This petition is accordingly disposed of. OCTOBER20 2016 dd (P.S.TEJI) JUDGE Crl.M.C. 1057/2016 Page 7 of 7