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Khimchand Narotamdas Bhavsar Vs. Bhogilal Hirachand Shah - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil;Arbitration
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Case NumberAppeal No. 32 of 1921
Judge
Reported in(1922)24BOMLR361; 67Ind.Cas.913
AppellantKhimchand Narotamdas Bhavsar
RespondentBhogilal Hirachand Shah
DispositionAppeal allowed
Excerpt:
civil procedure code (act v of 1908), schedule ii-arbitration-reference made out of court-award of arbitrators-application to file the award as an adjustment under order xxiii, rule 3-reference to arbitrator through court-result of the reference is that previous arbitration proceedings are annulled.;the parties to a suit referred their disputes to arbitration without the intervention of the court. the arbitrator having made the award, the plaintiff presented an application to file the award as an adjustment under order xxiii, rule 3, of the civil procedure code. subsequently, on the 18th march 1920, the parties applied to the court to appoint an arbitrator through the court, for the sake of settling disputes between the parties. the court made the order, but the arbitration fell to the..........the civil procedure code. but previous to that, on the 25th june 1919, he had filed a suit on the award, suit no. 572 of 1919.2. then on the 18th march 1920, the parties made an application to the court that as certain contentions had been raised against the award by the 1st and 2nd defendants, for the sake of settling disputes between the parties, the court would be pleased to appoint mr. trikamlal as an arbitrator through the court and, after taking evidence which the parties might have to adduce, he should give his award and the parties should treat that award as final. on the same day the court appointed mr. trikamlal sole arbitrator with the consent of the parties, and he was to submit his award on or before the 15th april 1920. mr. trikamlal was unable to submit his award by that.....
Judgment:

Norman Macleod, C.J.

1. The plaintiff sued for dissolution of partnership. The suit was filed on the 8th February 1918. On the 13th February 1918, an order was passed under the 3rd clause of the Second Schedule of the Civil Procedure Code referring the matters in dispute to two arbitrators Mr. Thakordas and Mr. Trikarulal. Later on the parties informed the Court that they had cancelled the reference to these gentlemen, and had privately appointed Mr. Trikamlal alone as the sole arbitrator. That was consequently an arbitration without the intervention of the Court. Mr. Trikamlal delivered his award on the 18th of April 1919. On the 15th August 1919, the plaintiff presented an application to file the award as an adjustment under Order XXIII, Rule 3, of the Civil Procedure Code. But previous to that, on the 25th June 1919, he had filed a suit on the award, Suit No. 572 of 1919.

2. Then on the 18th March 1920, the parties made an application to the Court that as certain contentions had been raised against the award by the 1st and 2nd defendants, for the sake of settling disputes between the parties, the Court would be pleased to appoint Mr. Trikamlal as an arbitrator through the Court and, after taking evidence which the parties might have to adduce, he should give his award and the parties should treat that award as final. On the same day the Court appointed Mr. Trikamlal sole arbitrator with the consent of the parties, and he was to submit his award on or before the 15th April 1920. Mr. Trikamlal was unable to submit his award by that date and eventually returned the papers, so that the arbitration proceedings fell to the ground.

3. On the 17th November 1920, the plaintiff withdrew Suit No. 572 of 1919, and continued his application under Order XXIII, Rule 3.

4. The first issue was whether the application, Exhibit 29, for recording an adjustment on reference, dated 14th October 1918, and the alleged award dated 18th April 1919, could be entertained any longer after the application and order dated, 18th March 1920. On that issue the Judge found that the terms of Exhibit 47, i.e., the application for a fresh order of reference, did not make the previous reference nugatory and of no effect, so that the previous reference and the award thereon remained to be enforced. The learned Judge admitted that no exact authority could be found, but he held that the previous contract was not cancelled, nor was a new complete contract that could be enforced substituted. It appears to us obvious that when the parties applied to the Court on the 18th March 1920 to appoint Mr. Trikamlal sole arbitrator, they agreed that all the previous arbitration proceedings should be annulled.

5. It was suggested by the respondents that the effect of the application and order of the 18th March 1920 was merely conditional, that if for any reason, what we may call the third arbitration proceeding, should result in nothing, the second arbitration proceeding could be revived, and any of the parties who wished to rely upon the second arbitration proceeding as an adjustment of the suit, should apply to the Court under Order XXIII, Rule 3.

6. We cannot accept that proposition, which is opposed to general principles, and it is impossible to conceive what complications might result if such a suggestion were acceded to. But we must read, in our opinion, the application and order of the 18th March 1920, according to its ordinary meaning, and the only construction we can put on that application and order is that the previous arbitration proceedings were considered as at an end, as the parties had agreed to a fresh arbitration of a different character to the previous arbitration, although the arbitrator was the same. We think, therefore, that the finding of the learned Judge in the Court below that the present application to record the award of the second arbitration proceeding as an adjustment was a good application, was wrong, and that that arbitration having failed, the result was that the parties were relegated to their original position and the suit must continue.

7. It is not therefore necessary to deal with other issues in the case, and to decide whether a decree could be passed in terms of the award of the 18th April 1919. The appeal must be allowed and the suit must continue. The appellant to have his costs throughout from the plaintiff and defendanta Nos. 2, 3 and 4.


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