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Emperor Vs. Kalyanchand Gopalchand Gujarati - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Application for Revision No. 91 of 1922
Judge
Reported in(1922)24BOMLR487
AppellantEmperor
RespondentKalyanchand Gopalchand Gujarati
DispositionApplication rejected
Excerpt:
indian arms act (xi of 1878), sections 19, 13-licsnse-breach of condition-public assemblage-marriage procession-carrying of a gun in a marriage procession.;the accused, who was not a licensee, borrowed a gun from his cousin who held a license, and fired some shots while proceeding in a marriage procession through streets. the license forbade the taking of the gun to s public assemblage:-;that the accused in handling and firing the gun had committed the offence punishable under section 19 of the indian arms act 1878, since the marriage procession as soon as it emerged into a public road was a public assemblage. - - - the licensee or any retainer acting under this license shall not go armed with any arms coveted thereby otherwise than in good faith for the purpose of sport, protection or..........to grant licenses, he shall not take any such arms to a fair, religious procession or other public assemblage.3. the argument is that a marriage procession is not a public assemblage, but it is clear from the terms of the clause that a religious procession is considered a public assemblage, and therefore, the suggestion that because a procession only consists of persons of a particular persuasion, or of persons invited to a particular ceremony, it is not, a public assemblage cannot be accepted. when a marriage procession emerges from private premises and goes down the public street, then it is open to the public to join the procession, and the marriage procession becomes a public assemblage. it seems to me, therefore, that the magistrate was right in convicting the petitioner.....
Judgment:

Norman Macleod, C.J.

1. This is an application in revision made by the petitioner who was convicted by the First Class Magistrate of Yeola under Section 19 of the Indian Arms Act which provides a penalty for the offence of going armed in contravention of the provisions of Section 13. Section 13 directs that no person shall go armed with any arms except under a license and to the extent and in the manner permitted thereby.

2. The accused is not a licensee, but his cousin handed over the gun for which he held a license to the accused while proceeding in a marriage procession. The accused fired some shots during the procession, with the result that some persons were accidentally injured. It is contended that the license permitted the licensee to go armed in the marriage procession. Clause 4 of the license reads as follows:-

The licensee or any retainer acting under this license shall not go armed with any arms coveted thereby otherwise than in good faith for the purpose of sport, protection or display, and, save where he is specially authorised in this behalf in any presidency town or Rangoon, by the Commissioner of Police, or in any other place, by the District Magistrate or Sub-Divisional Magistrate specially empowered by the Local Government to grant licenses, he shall not take any such arms to a fair, religious procession or other public assemblage.

3. The argument is that a marriage procession is not a public assemblage, but it is clear from the terms of the clause that a religious procession is considered a public assemblage, and therefore, the suggestion that because a procession only consists of persons of a particular persuasion, or of persons invited to a particular ceremony, it is not, a public assemblage cannot be accepted. When a marriage procession emerges from private premises and goes down the public street, then it is open to the public to join the procession, and the marriage procession becomes a public assemblage. It seems to me, therefore, that the Magistrate was right in convicting the petitioner under Section 19 of the Indian Arms Act. The application is rejected.

Shah, J.

4. I agree. It may be that on this particular occasion the gun was taken by the applicant merely for the purpose of display; but even then I think that under the terms of the license, unless he is specially authorised, he is prevented from using it even for that purpose in a public assemblage. It may be that this was quite innocently done for mere display as it is sometimes done: but whether that is in accordance with the terms of a particular license or not, must be decided when the point is raised. It is clear on the terms of this license that he could not do it in a marriage procession, which was in the nature of a public assemblage, without contravening the terms of the license.


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