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Goverdhanlal Bansilal Vs. Ramrichpal Dalsukhrai - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil;Property
CourtMumbai High Court
Decided On
Case NumberO.C.J. Appeal No. 17 of 1951
Judge
Reported inAIR1952Bom75; (1951)53BOMLR825
ActsBombay City Civil Court Act, 1948 - Sections 12; Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), 1908 - Sections 16
AppellantGoverdhanlal Bansilal
RespondentRamrichpal Dalsukhrai
Advocates:M.J. Mistree, Adv.
Excerpt:
.....filed in high court--claim below rs. 25,000 and property situated outside jurisdiction--whether city civil court can entertain suit--jurisdiction of high court to try suit.; plaintiff filed a suit in the high court to enforce a mortgage which was created by deposit of title deeds. the amount, claimed was below rs. 25,000, the deposit was made in bombay and the mortgaged property was situated in ajmer. on the question of jurisdiction of the court to entertain the suit :; (1) that although the value of the subject matter of the suit was below rs. 25,000, inasmuch as the mortgaged property was situated outside the jurisdiction of the city civil court, that court had no jurisdiction to entertain the suit under section 16 of the civil procedure code, 1908 ;; (2) that the suit was a suit to..........the subject-matter was below rs. 25,000, and therefore the court that could try the suit was the city civil court, and by reason of section 12 of the bombay city civil court act, 1948, the jurisdiction of the high court was excluded. now, this is a suit to enforce a mortgage. the mortgage was created by the deposit of title deeds. it is an equitable mortgage. the deposit was made in bombay (that is the averment in the plaint) and the property in respect of which the mortgage was created is situated in ajmer, the amount claimed in the plaint at the foot of the mortgage is less than rs. 25,000. now, what the learned judge over-looked was, with respect to him, that although the value of the subject-matter was less than rs. 25,000, inasmuch as the suit was to enforce a mortgage and.....
Judgment:

Chagla, C.J.

1. This is an appeal from an order of Mr. Justice Tendolkar dismissing a suit on the ground that this Court had no jurisdiction to entertain a mortgage suit. In fairness to the learned Judge it must be stated that the point now urged before us by Mr. Mistree was never urged, nor was it considered by the learned Judge. The learned Judge dismissed the suit solely on the ground that the value of the subject-matter was below Rs. 25,000, and therefore the Court that could try the suit was the City Civil Court, and by reason of Section 12 of the Bombay City Civil Court Act, 1948, the jurisdiction of the High Court was excluded. Now, this is a suit to enforce a mortgage. The mortgage was created by the deposit of title deeds. It is an equitable mortgage. The deposit was made in Bombay (that is the averment in the plaint) and the property in respect of which the mortgage was created is situated in Ajmer, The amount claimed in the plaint at the foot of the mortgage is less than Rs. 25,000. Now, what the learned Judge over-looked was, with respect to him, that although the value of the subject-matter was less than Rs. 25,000, inasmuch as the Suit was to enforce a mortgage and inasmuch as the properly was situated in Ajmer, the City Civil Court had no jurisdiction to entertain the suit. The jurisdiction of the City Civil Court is governed by the Civil Procedure Code, and under Section 16 no Court can entertain a suit with regard to a mortgage if the property, the subject-matter of the mortgage, is situated outside its jurisdiction. Therefore, it is clear that although the amount involved in the suit was less than Rs. 25,000, inasmuch as the plaintiff wanted to enforce a mortgage, the City Civil Court could not have entertained this suit. With regard to the High Court the position is different. It has been held by this Court that a suit on a mortgage is not a suit for land; it is a suit to enforce a debt, and although the property mortgaged is outside the jurisdiction, inasmuch as the deposit of title-deeds was made in Bombay, this Court would have jurisdiction to entertain and try the suit. Therefore, the only question is whether although the High Court had jurisdiction to try the suit, there is anything in the provisions of the City Civil Court Act which excludes the jurisdiction of the High Court. Turning to Section 12, it provides:

'Notwithstanding anything contained in any law, the High Court shall not have jurisdiction to try suits and proceedings cognizable by the City Court.'

2. Therefore, it is only with regard to those suits which have been made cognizable by the City Court by reason of this Act that the Jurisdiction of the High Court, has been taken away; but with regard to all those suits which were cognizable by the High Court and which have not been made cognizable by the City Court, the jurisdiction of the High Court continues, and therefore as this suit was cognizable by the High Court and is not cognizable by the City Court, the jurisdiction of the High Court hasnot been affected. Therefore we must holdthat this Court has jurisdiction to try the mortgage suit. We, therefore, set aside the order ofdismissal passed by the learned Judge and sendback the suit to be disposed of on the merits.Appeal allowed. No order as to costs. Wedirect that the suit should be tried as a shortcause. The suit to be on the board of thelearned Judge dealing with short causes onJuly 17.

3. Appeal allowed.


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