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Bai Karimabibi Daudbhai Vs. Abderehman Sayad Banu - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty;Civil
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Case NumberFirst Appeal No. 223 of 1921
Judge
Reported inAIR1923Bom26; (1922)24BOMLR496; 67Ind.Cas.667
AppellantBai Karimabibi Daudbhai
RespondentAbderehman Sayad Banu
DispositionAppeal dismissed
Excerpt:
.....'decree-holder' in section 2(3) of the civil procedure code; and that the plaintiff should get the sale-deed which the defendants were willing to pass and should get possession, and the defendants should get the money on passing the deed and giving possession.;a decree for specific performance is capable of being executed by the defendants as well as by the plaintiff.;if the plaintiff in a suit for specific performance, after having obtained a decree, discovers or is apprehensive that the defendant cannot give him a good title, his proper course is to apply to the court that passed the decree for a review, or in the alternative it may be open to him to file another suit against the defendant to set aside the previous proceedings. - - the defendants were anxious to get the money which..........take possession of the house, the subject-matter of this suit after the execution of the necessary sale-deed. but he is not to take possession before that. the defendant no. 2 to take rs. 4741-8-0 out of the said rs. 6449, and he do give over the balance to defendant no. 1. the documents lying in court of defendant no. 2 (three mortgage deeds) be given to the plaintiff. the plaintiff do also take the agreement given in writing to defendant no. 2 by the plaintiff and defendant no. 1.2. the second defendant was the mortgagee from the first defendant. it also appears that the same property was the subject matter of civil suit no. 217 of 1919 filed by one ismail against the present defendants, the present plaintiff not being a party, and it appears that in that suit, after the decree in suit.....
Judgment:

Norman Macleod, C.J.

1. The plaintiff in Suit No. 264 of 1919 in the First Class Subordinate Judge's Court at Surat obtained a decree for specific performance of a contract to sell imnioveable property. The following order was passed :

It is ordered that defendant No. 1 do execute to the plaintiff a gale-deed in respect of the property, the subject-matter in suit for Rs. 7200. In default on his part, the plaintiff do apply for execution of the same. The plaintiff do deposit in the Court Rs. 1449 being the balance of the purchase money due at the foot of the agreement, the subject-matter of this suit. On his doing so, the plaintiff do take possession of the house, the subject-matter of this suit after the execution of the necessary sale-deed. But he is not to take possession before that. The defendant No. 2 to take Rs. 4741-8-0 out of the said Rs. 6449, and he do give over the balance to defendant No. 1. The documents lying in Court of defendant No. 2 (three mortgage deeds) be given to the plaintiff. The plaintiff do also take the agreement given in writing to defendant No. 2 by the plaintiff and defendant No. 1.

2. The second defendant was the mortgagee from the first defendant. It also appears that the same property was the subject matter of Civil Suit No. 217 of 1919 filed by one Ismail against the present defendants, the present plaintiff not being a party, and it appears that in that suit, after the decree in Suit No. 264 of 1919 had been passed, Ismail got a decree directing the defendants to give him possession of the suit property on Ismail's paying them Rs. 4,000.

3. In consequence of the decree in Suit No. 217 of 1919, the plaintiff was not anxious to get a sale-deed from the defendants. The defendants were anxious to get the money which had been deposited in Court, and were perfectly willing to give the plaintiff a sale-deed. The defendants consequently took out Darkhast No. 51 of 1921. The plaintiff opposed any action being taken on the Darkhast on the ground that the defendants were not decree holders as defined in Section 2(3) of the Civil Procedure Code, so that they had no right to file the Darkhast. This contention was overruled by the First Class Subordinate Judge who directed that the plaintiff should get a sale-deed which the defendants were willing to pass, and should get possession. The defendants should get the money as decreed in their favour on passing the deed and giving possession. If the plaintiff refused to take the deed and possession within a reasonable time, defendants were to be at liberty to apply to the Court for such orders as they were entitled to.

4. Now it seems to me on general principles, leaving aside altogether the dealings between the defendants and other parties, that the decree for specific performance was capable of being executed by the defendants as well as by the plaintiff. If this wore not so, it would follow that if a plaintiff who has obtained a decree for specific performance, refuses to take the sale-deed and pay the consideration money, the defendant is left with no remedy whatever, while, owing to the decree passed against him, he would still be debarred from dealing in any way with the suit property. We think it is clear in such a case that a defendant would be entitled to come to Court and ask for the payment to him of the consideration money for the purchase on his tendering a sale-deed. We think the order made by the Judge in the Court below was a perfectly correct order and that the defendants came within the definition of decree-holder in Section 2(3), Civil Procedure Code. If the plaintiff in a suit for specific performance, after having obtained a decree, discovers or is apprehensive that the defendant cannot give him a good title, then it seems to me his proper course is to apply to the Court that passed the decree for a review, or in the alternative it may be open to him to file another suit against the defendant to set aside the previous proceedings. The appeal must be dismissed with costs.


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