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The Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. the GraIn Merchants Association - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Reference No. 2 of 1938
Judge
Reported in(1938)40BOMLR1227
AppellantThe Commissioner of Income-tax
RespondentThe GraIn Merchants Association
Excerpt:
.....or other legal obligation wholly for religious or charitable purposes-' object of general public utility '-interpretation.;the expression 'general public utility,' as used in the proviso to section 4(3) of the indian income-tax act, 1922, means public utility which is available to the general public as distinct from any section of the public. it does not include works of public utility confined to a section of the public, e.g., a section of the public interested in commerce. - - then there is a proviso to it to the effect that in this sub-section 'charitable purpose 'includes relief of the poor, education, medical relief, and the advancement of any other object of general public utility. the assessees have passed a resolution, in point of fact after the date of the order of..........relief of the poor, education, medical relief, and the advancement of any other object of general public utility. the assessees have passed a resolution, in point of fact after the date of the order of assessment, though we are told, that it only declares what was their previous custom, which provides that the income which is now in question will be spent as per the resolutions of the committee of the association passed from time to time on matters of commercial and other small as well as big works of public utility. the only real question is whether these words fall within the words of the proviso to section 4(3) viz. 'general public utility'. in my opinion an object of general public utility means an object of public utility which is available to the general public as sistinct from.....
Judgment:

John Beaumont, Kt., C.J.

1. This is a reference by the Commissioner of Income-tax under Section 66(2) of the Indian Income-tax Act, 1922, raising a point of no great difficulty. The assessees are the Grain Merchants Association of Bombay and they had put in their return declaring a deficit of Rs. 1,819. Their income, material for the present purpose, consists of interest earned on investments. Admittedly that source of income is liable to tax, but the assessee Association say that they are not liable since they fall within the exemption contained in Section 4(3) of the Act. That section provides that tax is not payable in respect of any income derived from property held under trust or other legal obligation wholly for religious or charitable purposes. Then there is a proviso to it to the effect that in this sub-section ' charitable purpose ' includes relief of the poor, education, medical relief, and the advancement of any other object of general public utility. The assessees have passed a resolution, in point of fact after the date of the order of assessment, though we are told, that it only declares what was their previous custom, which provides that the income which is now in question will be spent as per the resolutions of the committee of the Association passed from time to time on matters of commercial and other small as well as big works of public utility. The only real question is whether these words fall within the words of the proviso to Section 4(3) viz. 'general public utility'. In my opinion an object of general public utility means an object of public utility which is available to the general public as Sistinct from any section of the public ; and the objects of this Association are clearly, to my mind, to benefit works of public utility confined to a section of the public, i.e. those interested in commerce. I think, therefore, that the assessees do not bring themselves within the exemption contained in Section 4(3) and that the answer to the first question must, therefore, be in the affirmative. The second question also will be answered in the affirmative.

Kania, J.

2. I agree.

3. Per Curiam. Assessees to pay the costs of the Commissioner of Income-tax taxed on the original side scale less one hundred rupees.


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