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Mohammad Ibrahim Riza Malak Vs. the Commissioner of Income Tax - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1930)32BOMLR1538
AppellantMohammad Ibrahim Riza Malak
RespondentThe Commissioner of Income Tax
DispositionAppeal dismissed
Excerpt:
indian income-tax act (xi of 1922), section 4, sub. (3) (i) - income derived from property held under trust wholly for religious or charitable purposes-exemption from income-tax.; where the income of the trust property, vested in the appellant as the head of a community called the atba-e-malak, is applicable to purposes, many of which are neither religious nor charitable, such income is not ' income derived from property held under trust or other legal obligation wholly for religious or charitable purposes ' within the meaning of section 4, sub-section (3) (i), indian income-tax act, 1922, so as to be exempt from assessment to income-tax. - .....this case the appellant seeks to displace an assessment to income tax made upon him in respect of property vested in him as the head of a community which is a sect of the dawood borah tribe, located at nagpur. the community have, apparently, a common stock, all the property being vested in the head of the sect. the property is utilized in part in carrying on a series of shops, the profits of the trade being treated as part of the income of the community.2. in the courts below the appellant rested upon certain trust deeds executed, one on august 25, 1917, and the other on november 25, 1922. by the first deed the then head of the community declared the trusts of the property vested in him, and by the second deed the trusts of the same property were explained and expanded.3. their.....
Judgment:

Tomlin, J.

1. In this case the appellant seeks to displace an assessment to income tax made upon him in respect of property vested in him as the head of a community which is a sect of the Dawood Borah tribe, located at Nagpur. The community have, apparently, a common stock, all the property being vested in the head of the sect. The property is utilized in part in carrying on a series of shops, the profits of the trade being treated as part of the income of the community.

2. In the Courts below the appellant rested upon certain trust deeds executed, one on August 25, 1917, and the other on November 25, 1922. By the first deed the then head of the community declared the trusts of the property vested in him, and by the second deed the trusts of the same property were explained and expanded.

3. Their Lordships think that the short point which this appeal raises is, whether, having regard to the terms of those deeds, the income of the property vested in the head of the community is exempt from income tax, having regard to the provisions of Section 4, Sub-section 3 (i), of Act XI of 1922. That sub-section of Section 4 is in these terms:-

This Act shall not apply to the following classes of income : (i) Any income derived from property held under trust or other legal obligation wholly for religious or charitable purposes, and m the case of property so held in part only for such purposes, the income applied, or finally set apart for application, thereto.

4. A glance at the documents on which the appellant has founded himself in the Courts below makes it plain that the income of the trust property is applicable to purposes, many of which are neither religious nor charitable. It is only necessary to refer to one or two of the clauses of the first deed to establish that proposition. Clause 8, which indicates some of the purposes for which the property is held, is: 'For carrying on the agricultural, industrial, commercial and other pursuits of the said community'. Clause 5 is : 'For entertaining guests, giving at homes or parties.' Clause 6 is : 'For such donations for charitable or religious purposes, contributions to memorials, funds raised for holding social, educational, religious, industrial or political conferences or congresses, and for public entertainments,' as the then spiritual head, and, after him, the spiritual head for the time being, may deem fit. Their Lordships think that these extracts establish that the income is not 'income derived from property held under trust or other legal obligation wholly for religious or charitable purposes'. Nor is it suggested that any part of the property is set aside for any charitable or religious purposes, so that it can be identified as appropriated exclusively to such purposes.

5. In these circumstances the conclusion which has been arrived at by the Court below seems to their Lordhips to be correct.

6. It perhaps is right to add that it was suggested that some comfort could be found by the appellant from a deed of June 9, 1894, in which certain property was vested in the then head of the community upon religious or charitable trusts; but no attempt has been made, either here or below, to identify the property, the subject of that trust, with any of the property now said to be subject to tax. Their Lordships think that in the absence of any evidence of identity and having regard to the fact that throughout, in the Courts below, the latter deeds only have been founded upon, it is not open to the appellant to assert before their Lordships' Board that the deed of June 9, 1894, has any relation to the matter.

7. In their Lordships' opinion the appeal must be dismissed with costs, and they will humbly advise His Majesty accordingly.


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