1. This is a motion taken out by the plaintiff for an order that the adjustment of the suit arrived at between the plaintiff and the defendant, as stated in the plaintiff's affidavait, should be recorded and that a decree in accordance therewith should be passed.
2. The suit was filed on the 11th of June 1915, the plaintiff praying that the defendant might be ordered and decreed to pay to the plaintiff the sum of Rs. 5,353-9-6 as the price of goods sold. On the 31st August 1915, the parties, without the intervention of the Court, agreed to refer the matters in dispute between them concerning the contract referred to in the plaint to the arbitration of Motilal Dayaram and Ramji Meghji. The arbitrators made their award on the 28th of October 1915. The award was filed on the 10th of December. In my opinion, a wrong procedure has been adopted. Order XXIII, Rule 3, of the Civil Procedure Code of 1908 under which the application is made only refers to the adjustments of suits wholly or in part by any lawful agreement or compromise. No application can be made to obtain a decree on an award except as provided for in Section 89 of the Code. That is entirely a new Section. It runs as follows:
Save in so far as is otherwise provided by the Indian Arbitration Act, 1899, or by any other law for the time being in force, all references to arbitration whether by an order in a suit or otherwise and all proceedings thereunder shall be governed by the provisions contained in the Second Schedule.
3. If it had been intended that a party might apply for a decree on an award under Order XXIII, Rule 3, that Rule would have been mentioned in Section 89 along with the provisions of the Second Schedule.
4. It is suggested that Order XXIII, Rule 3, comes under the description of any other law for the time being in force' but there is no reference in Order XXIII, Rule 3, to arbitration proceedings. I am aware of the decision in Pragdas v. Girdhardas 26 B. 70 : 3 Bom. L.R. 431. but since the Civil Procedure Code of 1908 came into force, I do not think that decision can be any longer binding on me. It seems that the opinion formerly held good, as stated by Farran, C.J., in Ghellabhai v. Nandubai 21 B. 335 : 11 Ind. Dec. 227. that there was no Section of the Civil Procedure Code of 1882 which specially enabled a Court to take cognizance of a submission to arbitration of a matter in issue in a suit made pending the suit other than a submission through the Court, or of an award made upon such a submission, and that such a submission and award could only be taken cognizance of in the same suit as an adjustment under Section 375 of the Civil Procedure Code of 1882 now represented by Order XXIII, Rule 3. However that may be, it seems clear that under Section 89 the provisions of the Second Schedule govern all arbitrations in a suit or otherwise except such arbitrations as are specially excluded. An arbitration between the parties to a suit without an order of the Court has not been excluded and must, therefore, come under the provisions which deal with arbitration without the intervention of the Court. I do not see myself why the words 'without the intervention of the Court' should not refer to cases where the agreement of reference is made out of Court although the parties to the agreement are already parties to a suit, and, in my opinion, Section 89 is now conclusive on the question.
5. It seems obvious that if an application for a decree on an award could be made under Order XXIII, Rule 3, as soon as it has been proved to the Court that there has been an agreement to refer and an award, the Court would be bound to order the award to be recorded as an agreement or compromise, and would be bound to pass a decree in accordance therewith, excluding all the provisions of the Second Schedule relating to the powers of the Court when an application is made for a decree on an award. Paragraph 20 and the following paragraphs of the Second Schedule refer to arbitration without the intervention of the Court and under paragraph 21, where the Court is satisfied that the matter has been referred to arbitration and that an award has been made thereon, and where no ground such as is mentioned or referred to in paragraph 14 or paragraph 15 is proved, the Court shall order the award to be filed and shall proceed to pronounce judgment according to the award. Paragraph 14 gives the Court power to remit the award under certain circumstances to the arbitrator. Paragraph 15 gives the Court power on certain grounds to set aside an award. Therefore, in my opinion, there is no other law at present in force except the Indian Arbitration Act of 1899 and a party applying to the Court for a decree on an award is bound, if the case does not come within that Act, to apply to the Court under the Second Schedule.
6. The defendant now disputes the legality of the award on two grounds: first, that the arbitrators exceeded their jurisdiction and decided something which was not within their power to decide, and, secondly, that they refused an opportunity to the defendant to call witnesses or that after they had given him to understand that they would adjourn the matter to enable him to call evidence, they published their award without giving him any such opportunity. I think the defendant is entitled to raise those objections and be heard upon them. Therefore, the application by consent is now to be treated as an application under parapragh 21 of the Second Schedule and can be set down for hearing on praecipe in order to decide those questions. Costs to be costs in the application.