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Shyam NaraIn Singh Vs. Suraj NaraIn Pandey - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty;Family
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1933)35BOMLR301
AppellantShyam NaraIn Singh
RespondentSuraj NaraIn Pandey
DispositionAppeal dismissed
Excerpt:
.....upon the son to establish, by evidence, that the debts in question were incurred by his father for immoral purposes. the burden of proof is not discharged by establishing a general charge of immorality, i. e., it is not enough to prove that the father was a man of extravagant and licentious habits, but there must be sufficient evidence to connect the particular cases of expenditure directly with the acts of immorality alleged. - - when the appeal came before the high court, the evidence was subjected to a very close and careful analysis, and the result of this analysis was that in the opinion of that court there had been a complete failure to establish any connection whatever between the loan in question and the alleged immorality of the borrower. 2. the question is purely one of fact,..........it was effected for the purpose of raising money to defray debts incurred by the mortgagor for immoral purposes. the learned judge of the subordinate court decided the case in favour of mr. subba row's client but in doing so he states that ho does not find the evidence sufficient, to connect the particular cases of expenditure directly with the acts of immorality alleged. he adds, however, that it was said for the defence that 'they have succeeded in showing that defendant no. 1 was leading a licentious life and living beyond his means and there being nothing to show that there was any business on which the loans in question could have been expended, they were entitled to the presumption that those loans must have been expended for licentious purposes and that it was not necessary.....
Judgment:

Macmillan, J.

1. Their Lordships have not found it necessary in this appeal to call upon counsel for the respondents. Counsel for the appellant has very properly accepted the position that the burden lies upon him to establish upon the evidence that the mortgage on which this suit was founded was tainted with immorality in this sense, that it was effected for the purpose of raising money to defray debts incurred by the mortgagor for immoral purposes. The learned Judge of the Subordinate Court decided the case in favour of Mr. Subba Row's client but in doing so he states that ho does not find the evidence sufficient, to connect the particular cases of expenditure directly with the acts of immorality alleged. He adds, however, that it was said for the defence that 'they have succeeded in showing that defendant No. 1 was leading a licentious life and living beyond his means and there being nothing to show that there was any business on which the loans in question could have been expended, they were entitled to the presumption that those loans must have been expended for licentious purposes and that it was not necessary for them to prove that each item was expended on an immoral purpose.' It is apparently upon that unsatisfactory footing that he holds that the case has been made out. When the appeal came before the High Court, the evidence was subjected to a very close and careful analysis, and the result of this analysis was that in the opinion of that Court there had been a complete failure to establish any connection whatever between the loan in question and the alleged immorality of the borrower. Their Lordships see no reason to differ from the Judges of the High Court in the estimate which they have formed of the evidence in the case, and they consequently feel themselves to be relieved from the necessity of going over it again in detail. Counsel for the appellant brought the whole of the evidence again before their Lordships, but was quite unable to satisfy them that the Judges of the High Court had in any way done injustice to it. The burden being upon the appellant here to establish that the debts in question were contracted for immoral purposes, all that he has done, to quote the language of Lord Macnaghten in a previous case Sri Narain v. Lala Raghubane Rai, (1912) 17 C.W.N. 124. of a similar character, has been to establish a general charge of immorality, and that, as has been said more than once by this Board, is not sufficient.

2. The question is purely one of fact, and as their Lordships entirely agree with the High Court that the appellant has failed to prove his case, they will humbly advise His Majesty that the appeal ought to be dismissed with costs.


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