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Azima Bibi Vs. Munshi Shamalanand - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectFamily
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1913)15BOMLR423
AppellantAzima Bibi
RespondentMunshi Shamalanand
DispositionAppeal allowed
Excerpt:
.....altered or varied, nor was there any proof that the female members of any of them, who were pardahnashin ladies and left the management of the property in the hands of the males, had misled the mortgagee either by word or conduct.; (reversing the decree of the high court) that the mortgage was not binding on the females and the suit must be dismissed against them, but that it must be decreed against the males only in respect of their share in the mortgaged property. - - on appeal the high court passed a decree against the females as well as against the males, and ordered the appellants to pay the costs of the appeal to the high court......this suit to enforce his security against the family property, making both the males and the females parties. the subordinate judge gave him a decree against the males but dismissed the suit against the females with costs. on appeal the high court passed a decree against the females as well as against the males, and ordered the appellants to pay the costs of the appeal to the high court.5. the learned judges of the high court held that the male members ' represented ' the females in the transaction because the females had not actively interfered with the property and it appeared that in other transactions the male members of the family had dealt with the family property without the active concurrence of the females. there was no proof nor, indeed, was there any suggestion, at least.....
Judgment:

Macnaghten, J.

1. This appeal was heard ex parte.

2. The appellants are the female members of a Mahommedan family which in matters of worship have adopted the Hindu religion. There is no evidence that there is any custom in the family by which the Mahommedan law in regard to the descent of property has been altered or varied.

3. The respondent is a pleader of some standing. He took a mortgage of ancestral property from the male members of the family. He was under the impression that the Hindu law of descent prevailed in the family, and that the female members had no proprietary interest. He made no inquiry of any of the female members or of their husbands. They were purdahnashin ladies and naturally left the management of the property in the hands of the males.

4. The respondent brought this suit to enforce his security against the family property, making both the males and the females parties. The Subordinate Judge gave him a decree against the males but dismissed the suit against the females with costs. On appeal the High Court passed a decree against the females as well as against the males, and ordered the appellants to pay the costs of the appeal to the High Court.

5. The learned Judges of the High Court held that the male members ' represented ' the females in the transaction because the females had not actively interfered with the property and it appeared that in other transactions the male members of the family had dealt with the family property without the active concurrence of the females. There was no proof nor, indeed, was there any suggestion, at least in the evidence, that the appellants or any of them had misled the respondent, either by word or by conduct.

6. In their Lordships' opinion the decree of the High Court is against all principle and authority.

7. Their Lordships will therefore humbly advise His Majesty that the decree of the High Court should be discharged with costs and that the decree of the Subordinate Judge should be restored.

8. The respondent will pay the costs of the appeal.


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