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Emperor Vs. Shivputraya Durdundaya and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtMumbai
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1924)ILR48Bom510
AppellantEmperor
RespondentShivputraya Durdundaya and anr.
Excerpt:
criminal procedure code (act v of 1898), section 439 - conviction by magistrate under section 326 of the indian penal code--alteration, on appeal, to conviction under section 323--effec--power of high court in revision. - .....before the first class magistrate with having committed an offence under section 326, indian penal code, and on conviction were sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment each, and, in addition, to a fine. on appeal, for reasons which are not very apparent, the sessions judge altered the conviction to one of voluntarily causing simple hurt to the complainant and reduced the sentence in each case of six months rigorous imprisonment. on the application of government under section 439, criminal procedure code, a rule was issued for the enhancement of the sentences, and also for the convictions under section 323, indian penal code, being altered to convictions under section 326, indian penal code. we must take it that on the order of the sessions judge the accused were acquitted of.....
Judgment:

Norman Macleod, Kt. C.J.

1. The two accused were charged before the First Class Magistrate with having committed an offence under Section 326, Indian Penal Code, and on conviction were sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment each, and, in addition, to a fine. On appeal, for reasons which are not very apparent, the Sessions Judge altered the conviction to one of voluntarily causing simple hurt to the complainant and reduced the sentence in each case of six months rigorous imprisonment. On the application of Government under Section 439, Criminal Procedure Code, a rule was issued for the enhancement of the sentences, and also for the convictions under Section 323, Indian Penal Code, being altered to convictions under Section 326, Indian Penal Code. We must take it that on the order of the Sessions Judge the accused were acquitted of the offence under Section 326, so that under the powers given to the Court under Section 439, Criminal Procedure Code, we cannot convert a finding of acquittal into one of conviction. It was argued on the authority of a Punjab case Bhola v. King-Emperor (1904) P.R. No. 12 of 1904 (Cr.) that 'acquittal' in Section 439 means a complete acquittal on all the charges framed but we cannot agree with that view. Unless we set aside the conviction and direct a retrial we can only enhance the sentence up to the limit which, is admissible under Section 323, Indian Penal Code. On a consideration of all the circumstances of the case, and specially the fact that a very serious assault was committed by the accused, we think the sentences must be enhanced, to a period of one year's rigorous imprisonment in each case, in spite of the fact that the period of imprisonment directed by the Sessions Judge has already expired. The period already suffered will be taken into account when enforcing the enhanced sentences.


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