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Kantam Kamal Bai Vs. Nagula Ramaswamy and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtAndhra Pradesh High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Revn. Petn. No. 1817 of 1970
Judge
Reported inAIR1972AP264
ActsCode of Civil Procedure (CPC), 1908 - Sections 151
AppellantKantam Kamal Bai
RespondentNagula Ramaswamy and ors.
Appellant AdvocateN.K. Acharya, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateY. Bhaskara Rao, Adv.
Excerpt:
.....power to review its previous order - court can review its previous order if necessary for serving ends of justice - held, court has jurisdiction to review its own order if facts of case so demand. - motor vehicles act (59 of 1988)section 149 (2): [v. gopala gowda & jawad rahim, jj] insurers entitlement to defend the action joint appeal by insured and insurer - held, the language employed in enacting sub-section (2) of section 149 appears to be plain and simple and there is no ambiguity in it. it shows that when an insurer is impleaded and has been given notice of the case, it is entitled to defend the action only on grounds enumerated in sub-section (2) of section 149 of the act, and no other grounds are available to it. the insurer is not allowed to contest the claim of the injured..........otherwise affect the inherent power of the court to make such orders as may be necessary for the ends of justice or to prevent the abuse of the process of the court.'2. if the court when it made the earlier order had felt that the ends of justice had required the making of the particular order, it does not mean that the inherent power had come to an end and that it cannot be invoked again for the ends of justice at a later date, if facts justifying the exercise of inherent power are brought to the notice of the court. in fact, the true position is that the inherent powers of the court are not conferred by section 151, c. p. c. the court's inherent power to make appropriate orders in the ends of justice is not one conferred by the code. section 151, c. p. c., merely saves the inherent.....
Judgment:

A.V. Krishna Rao, J.

1. The question raised in this Civil revision petition is whether a Court which had previously stayed the suit before it under Section 151, C. P. C., pending decision of the Tahsildar under Section 50-B of the Hyderabad Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act (hereinafter referred to as the 'Act') has the power or competence to set aside that order of stay at a later stage on the application of a party and review of the earlier order in exercise of its inherent powers. It would appear that by reason of an order dated 20-11-1969, in I. A. No. 160 of 1969, the Court stayed the trial of the suit, pending certain proceedings under Section 50-B of the Act. Subsequently, the plaintiff filed I. A. No. 217 of 1970 to vacate the stay order made earlier in I. A. 160 of 1969. It is contended by the petitioner that the Court having once stayed the proceedings it has not inherent power to review and recall its own earlier order. The previous order made by the Court staying the suit was under Section 151, C. P. C., Section 151 of the Code of Civil Procedure states:----

'Nothing in this Code shall be deemed to limit or otherwise affect the inherent power of the Court to make such orders as may be necessary for the ends of justice or to prevent the abuse of the process of the Court.'

2. If the Court when it made the earlier order had felt that the ends of justice had required the making of the particular order, it does not mean that the inherent power had come to an end and that it cannot be invoked again for the ends of justice at a later date, if facts justifying the exercise of inherent power are brought to the notice of the Court. In fact, the true position is that the inherent powers of the Court are not conferred by Section 151, C. P. C. The Court's inherent power to make appropriate orders in the ends of justice is not one conferred by the Code. Section 151, C. P. C., merely saves the inherent powers of the Court. If the continuance of the order under Section 151, C. P. C., made by the Court by reason of events which occurred subsequent to the passing of the order and the ends of justice require a review of the earlier order passed, it is impossible to hold that a Court cannot recall its own order. An order made under Section 151, C. P. C., is not an appealable one and therefore there is no finality attached to the order. It can not be said that once a Court makes an order under Section 151, C. P. C., exercising its inherent powers, that power must be deemed to have been exhausted once for all. On the facts before the lower Court, it rightly felt that the proceedings before the Tahsildar under Section 50-B of the Act were interminably prolonged. The Court had no power to direct the Tahsildar to dispose of the matter pending before him, inasmuch as the Tahsildar in exercising his powers under Section 50-B of the Act is not subordinate to the Court and is not in any way amenable to the jurisdiction of the Court. The powers of the Tahsildar are those created by a statute and he functions under the provisions of that statute independent of the civil Court. In this case, the Tahsildar was taking his own time to decide the matter under Section 50-B of the Act. The Court could issue no direction regarding the disposal of the proceedings before the Tahsildar. The Legislature, in our view, had not provided any appeal against any order made by the Court under Section 151, C. P. C., so as to enable the Court to make appropriate orders from time to time when the ends of justice require it. No authority is placed before us which holds that once an order is made under Section 151, C. P. C., in the ends of justice, that order cannot be reviewed or recalled at a later date, if the ends of justice require such review.

3. Some assistance was sought to be derived by the counsel for the petitioner by reference to S. K. R. Mills v. Sesha Giri Rao, AIR 1962 Andh Pra 506. The Division Bench in that case observed:

'It is therefore obvious that when there is a right of appeal and the party can obtain relief in the Court of appeal, ordinarily it is not open to the trial Court to set aside its own order unless it is permissible under Order 47, Rule 1, C. P. C., or the case falls within Sections 152 and 153, C. P. C.'.

4. The situation here has no analogy and the dictum in that decision cannot have application here. What the Division Bench held was that in cases there in a right of appeal and the party can obtain the relief in the appellate Court. Ordinarily it is not open to the trial court to set aside its own order. In the instant case there could not have been any appeal against the order of stay earlier made under Section 151, C. P. C. Further the case before the Division Bench was not one where an order was earlier made under S. 151, C. P. C., and the Court had recalled that order. The decision of the Division Bench certainly does not lay down any such proposition as is contended before us.

5. On the other hand, the decision in Sita Ram v. Kadar Nath, : AIR1957All825 , decided by a Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court lends support to our view. It was observed therein that it could not be said that the Court has no jurisdiction to recall an order which it had made earlier in the suit and a Court always had power to recall an order which had the effect of perpetrating an injustice to a party.

6. It, therefore, follows that the order under revisions is not liable to be interfered with. There is no absence of jurisdiction in the lower Court to review it sown order on the facts of the case. The order is accordingly confirmed and the Civil Revision Petition is dismissed with costs.


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