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In the Matter Of: Veera Jiwatrum Chugani - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtAndhra Pradesh High Court
Decided On
Case NumberOriginal Petn. No. 1 of 1978
Judge
Reported inAIR1979AP144
ActsAndhra Pradesh Court-fees and Suits Valuation Act, 1956 - Sections 53 - Schedule - Article 6; Constitution of India - Article 265; Succession Act, 1925 - Sections 218 and 222
AppellantIn the Matter Of: Veera Jiwatrum Chugani
Appellant AdvocateM. Jegannadha Rao and ;M. Krishna Mohana Rao, Advs.
Respondent AdvocateA. Rangacharyulu as Amicus Curiae
Excerpt:
.....was enhanced to rs.8,20,000/-. - it is well settled that court-fee is not a tax but a fee. it was held that the assets obtained from england were within the jurisdiction of the high court of calcutta at the time of the grant of letters of administration, and the administrator -general could not have obtained possession of them otherwise than by virtue of tile grant and therefore they were clearly liable to ad valorem duty and that the fact that probate duty upon the same property was previously paid in england by the deceased executrix was no ground for exempting it from duty in the hands of the administrator-general 8, in deputy commr. jagannadha rao, the learned counsel for the petitioner places strong reliance upon the riding of the bombay high court in re exekiel joshua..........one in england and one in india. the executor in england paid duty in respect of tile entire assets england and india and the executor in india claimed exemption from probate duty in respect of the properties in india. but this contention was selected and it was held that he was not entitled to the exemption. this does not relate to the question as to whether duty was payable on the assets situate outside india. 7, in the goods of murch, (1879) ilr 4 cal 725, the testator died at plymouth in england, and his widow as the sole executrix proved the will in england and also in tile high court at calcutta, and she paid probate duty on the estate in england, and ad valorem fee under the court-fees act; vii of 1870 on the estate. in india. the widow having died, the administrator general.....
Judgment:
ORDER

1. In this petition, the question that arises is the payment of proper court-fee on the value of the amount mentioned in the schedule attached to the Matters of administration granted to the petitioner. The learned counsel for the petitioner contended that the petitioner need not pay court fee on the assets of the deceased mentioned in Schedule B which are outside India. The assets mentioned in Schedule B are as follows:

'Estate to be recovered and be administered :

1. Amount of $ 14.583-53 in Saving Account No. 3440649544 in the First National City Bank, New York. Standing to the credit of the petitioner's husband the late Jiwatram Mulchand Chugani.

2. Amount of $ 7.85 in the account of the Petitioner's husband. the late Jiwatram Mulchand Chugani in the Banque Nationale de Paris Ltd. Knight-: Bridge, Branch. 60 Brompton Road, S.W.3, London.'

2. I requested Sri A Rangacharyulu to assist me as Amicus Curine and he has investigated into the matter and placed before me several rulings and other material having bearing oil this question.

3. Sri M Jagannadha Rao, the learned counsel for the petitioner submits that though letters of administration has been granted for the entire assets both within and outside India, Court fee need be paid only on the assets in India and not on the assets situated outside India.

4. Under Section 53 of the Andhra Court-fees and Suits Valuation Act, 1956, the fee chargeable for the grant of probate or letters of administration shall he calculated at the rate or rates specified in Article 6 of Schedule 1. Article 6 of Schedule I provides for payment of court-fee at different rates depending upon the value in respect of which the amount of probate or letters of administration is made. It is well settled that Court-fee is not a tax but a fee. (Vide Govt of Madras v. Zenith Lamps, : [1973]2SCR973 .]

5. It is also clear that probate or letters of administration must be applied for, for the Entire will or estate as the case may be, unless there are any facts justifying an exception. (Vide Goverdhan Lal v. Kamalabai Govardhan Lal : AIR1970AP109 .

6. In the Goods of Gladstone (1875) ILR 1 Cal 168, the testator died in England, leaving 3 will, in respect of the assets which were in Calcutta, Rangoon and India, and he appointed two executors, one in England and one in India. The executor in England paid duty in respect of tile entire assets England and India and the executor in India claimed exemption from probate duty in respect of the properties in India. But this contention was selected and it was held that he was not entitled to the exemption. This does not relate to the question as to whether duty was payable on the assets situate outside India.

7, In the Goods of Murch, (1879) ILR 4 Cal 725, the testator died at Plymouth in England, and his widow as the sole executrix proved the will in England and also in tile High Court at Calcutta, and she paid probate duty on the Estate in England, and ad valorem fee under the Court-fees Act; VII of 1870 on the estate. in India. The widow having died, the Administrator General obtained from the High Court of Calcutta letters of administration de bonis non of the testators unadministered property and effects The difference between the value of assets in India when probate was obtained from the High Court of Calcutta and its increased value, was made up of assess obtained from England upon which duty was paid in England. It was held that the assets obtained from England were within the jurisdiction of the High Court of Calcutta at the time of the grant of letters of administration, and the Administrator -General could not have obtained possession of them otherwise than by virtue of tile grant and therefore they were clearly liable to ad valorem duty and that the fact that probate duty upon the same property was previously paid in England by the deceased executrix was no ground for exempting it from duty in the hands of the Administrator-General

8, In Deputy Commr., Singhbhum v. Jagadish Chandra Deo, AIR 1921 pat 206 it was held that for the purpose of court-fees the true value of the estate must he its value at the date of the application for probate or of letters of administration and not the value at the death of the testator. This case also does not deal with the question whether the duly was payable in respect of the assets situate out-

side India '

9. In In re G. T. Williams AIR 1924 Cal 115 the Calcutta High Court dealt with tile question of payment of duty on the estate of the deceased which was within India and therefore that does not help us in deciding the question that arises for consideration in this case

10. In In re Leslie Devison Miller, AIR 1956 Mad 200, it was held that the dividends payable on the shares which the deceased held would form accretions to the estate unless they were unlawfully subtracted and the mere fact that those dividends were remitted abroad could not make any difference as those who remitted the dividends abroad had no legal authority to dose and consequently those dividends should be considered as accretions to the deceased and that duty must lie paid on them.

11. In In the matter of Ramchand, AIR 1956 Mad 277 it was held that in respect of interest received by the executor after the death of the deceased testator and before application for probator, the same should be included in the affidavit of assets and court-fee paid on the same

12. Thus, all the aforesaid authorities go to show that duty is payable on the assets situate in India in the hands of the executor on the date of application for probate or letters of administration. But the question whether duty is payable in respect of assets situate outside India on the date of application, did not directly arise in those cases.

13, Sri M. Jagannadha Rao, the learned counsel for the petitioner places strong reliance upon the riding of the Bombay High Court in Re Exekiel Joshua Abraham, (1897) ILR 21 Bom 139. In that case the deceased left assets of the estimated value of Rs. 10,06,892-5-8 out of which Rupees 4.29.415-5-8 was the estimated value of the property left by the deceased. in Bombay and Rs. 5,16,477/- was the estimated amount of remittance expected from Shanghai in respect of proceeds of opium and twist (?) consigned by the deceased to his son and agent at Shanghai, while the balance of Rupees 61,000/- was money remitted from Shanghai by telegraphic transfer after the death of the deceased to certain banks in Bombay and detained by them until production of probate. It was contended by the petitioners therein that probate duty could not be charged on either of the last two items as being outside the jurisdiction of the Court at the time of the deceased's death. The Registrar of the High Court in his testamentary and intestate jurisdiction opined that probate duty was payable on the whole of the amount The taxing master referred the question under Section 5 of the Court-fees Act, 1870 to the Chief Justice, Strachey. Chief Justice held that probate duty was payable only an the assets which at the time of the testator's death were in British India. The Chief Justice further held:

''Where the assets of the testator are at the time of his death in another country. The Indian probate will not enable the executor to recover them although when in any way he does so they fall within his general duty to administer and although the court of the foreign country in granting probate or administration for the purpose of their recovery may, as matter of comity follow the decision of the British Indian Court.'

This judgment therefore clearly supports the contention of the petitioner that the court-fee need not be paid on the whole of the assets but only on the assets situate in India.

14. In view of the aforesaid ruling. I uphold the contention of the petitioner that he need not pay court-fee under Article 6 of Schedule I of the Andhra Court-fees and Suits Valuation Act on the value of the assets mentioned in Schedule B which are situate outside India and the question is answered accordingly.

15. Order accordingly.


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