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Ch. Krishnama Naidu Vs. State of Andhra Pradesh - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectFamily;Property
CourtAndhra Pradesh High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Revn. Petn. No. 1636 of 1978
Judge
Reported inAIR1979AP18
ActsAndhra Pradesh Land Reforms (Ceiling on Agricultural Holdings) Act, 1973 - Sections 4-A; Hindu Marriage Act - Sections 11; Hindu Marriage (Amendment) Act, 1976; Parent Act - Sections 11
AppellantCh. Krishnama Naidu
RespondentState of Andhra Pradesh
Appellant AdvocateI.A. Naidu, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateK.F. Baba, Govt. Pleader for Land Ceiling
Excerpt:
property - legitimate child - section 4-a of andhra pradesh land reforms (ceiling on agricultural holdings) act, 1973, section 11 of hindu marriage act, section 16 (1) of hindu marriage (amendment) act, 1976 and section 11 of parent act - plaintiff contended that there was no surplus to be surrendered - tribunal held that major son was illegitimate and there was need to declare surplus - appeal before high court - section 16 (1) makes it clear that son born out of marriage which was null and void under section 11 who would have been legitimate if marriage had been valid shall be legitimate - by virtue of section 4 ceiling area of petitioner had to be increased by one more standard holding as legitimate major son holds no land - held, petitioner need not to surrender any surplus. - .....such children are treated as legitimate childern, then it has to be seen whether under the land ceiling act what rights they acquire. so far as minor childern are concerned. it goes without saying that they become members of the family unit of the father, so for as the major son is concerned, it is contended by the learned counsel that by virtue of s. 4-a the ceiling area of the father has to be increased by the extent of the land by which the land held by such major son falls short of the ceiling area. the learned government pleader however contends that under s. 16(3) of the hindu marriage act, such child who is declared to be legitimate can only have rights in the property of the parents and therefore, the question of his holding any lands does not arise till he can exercise.....
Judgment:
ORDER

1. The declarant is the petitioner. The main contention is that the major son born to him through his holding and if so, there will not be surplus to be surrendered by the petitioner. Both the Tribunals have held that the petitioner's marriage with the said Kanthamma took place after 1952 and therefore Kanthamma is not the legally wedded wife of the petitioner and her children are illegitimate and they cannot be treated as members of the family of the petitioner.

2. Sri I. A, Naidu, the learned counsel for the petitioner, contends that this finding of the Tribunals below is illegal. It is true that the petitioner pleaded before the Tribunals below that the marriage took place in the year 1948, but the same has not been accepted and it has been held concurrently that the marriage took place after 1852 and therefore it is void. But S. 16(1) of the Hindu Marriage Act which was introduced by the amended Act 68 of 76 confers legitimacy on such children and the same reads follows:-

'16 (1). Notwithstanding that a marriage is null and void under S. 11, any child of such marriage who would have been legitimate it the marriage had been valid, shall be legitimate, whether such child born before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act. 1976, and whether or not a decree of nullity is granted in respect of that marriage under this Act and whether or not the marriage is held to be void otherwise than on a petition under this Act.'

This section makes it clear that though the marriage is null and void under S. 11, any child born out of such marriage who would have been legitimate if the marriage had been valid shall be legitimate whether such child is born before or after the commencement of the Amending Act of 1976. It can, therefore, be seen that S. 16(1) confers legitimacy on all such children even though a decree of nullity is not granted. When once, by virtue of this section, such children are treated as legitimate childern, then it has to be seen whether under the Land Ceiling Act what rights they acquire. So far as minor childern are concerned. It goes without saying that they become members of the family unit of the father, So for as the major son is concerned, it is contended by the learned counsel that by virtue of S. 4-A the ceiling area of the father has to be increased by the extent of the land by which the land held by such major son falls short of the ceiling area. The learned Government Pleader however contends that under S. 16(3) of the Hindu Marriage Act, such child who is declared to be legitimate can only have rights in the property of the parents and therefore, the question of his holding any lands does not arise till he can exercise right for a share in the properties of parents. This argument may be germane to the extent of giving a holding to major son through the second wife is considered to be legitimate by of S. 16(1) of the Hindu Marriage but the question is, whether under Section 4-A of the Ceiling Act, the area of the parents has to be increased by the extent by which the land held such major son tails short of the ceiling area. Even if the argument of the learned Government Pleader is to be accept it can only be said that the major son through Kanthamma, though legitimate, holds no property. But it must be remembered that by virtue of S. 4-A of the Ceiling Act, the ceiling area of the petitioner herein has to be increased by one more standard holding inasmuch , major son born through Kanthamma holds no land though he is a legitimate son. The surplus determined by the Tribunals below is 0.7983 standard holding.

3. For the aforesaid reasons the petitioner's ceiling area has to be increased by one more standard holding and therefore, he need not surrender any surplus. The revision petition is allowed. No costs. Advocate's fee Rs 100/-.

4. Petition allowed.


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