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Veerakistiah and ors. Vs. Income-tax Officer and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtAndhra Pradesh High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Miscellaneous Petition No. 1050 of 1978
Judge
Reported in[1983]139ITR113(AP)
ActsIndian Penal Code (IPC) - Sections 120B, 193, 194, 195 and 196; Income Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 277, 278 and 279; Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) - Sections 482
AppellantVeerakistiah and ors.
Respondentincome-tax Officer and anr.
Appellant AdvocateJ. Eswara Prasad, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateRama Krishna, Adv. ;for P. Rama Rao, Standing Counsel
Excerpt:
.....278 by income-tax officer (ito) of another area challenged by assessee - high court observed that as per section 195 complaint under sections 193, 196 and 120b must be filed either by commissioner himself or by concerned ito who conducted enquiry in matter - as complaint under those sections filed by ito of another area complaint must be quashed - however having regard to provisions of section 270 complaint under section 277 filed by third person at instance of commissioner is valid and proceedings to that extent shall continue in lower court. - .....under sections 193, 196 and 120b of the ipc and section 277 of the i.t. act, 1961. he also filed a complaint against a-12 under section 278 of the i.t. act. the petitioners have now moved this court with a petition under section 482 of the cr. pc for quashing the proceedings in c.c. no. 208 of 1977 on the file of the munsif magistrate, sangareddy.2. mr. eswara prasad, the learned advocate appearing on behalf of the petitioners, contends that the complaint has been filed for offences punishable under sections 193, 196 and 120b, of the ipc. so far as the offences under the above said sections of the ipc are concerned, mr. eswara prasad contends that, having regard to the provisions of section 195 of the cr. pc, the court could have taken cognizance only on the complaint in writing.....
Judgment:

1. The facts giving rise to this petition are these: A-1 to A-11 in C. C. No. 208 of 1977 on the file of the Munsif Magistrate, Sangareddy, are partners in a firm run in the name and style of M/s. Srinivas & Company. A-12 is the accountant of that company. A-1 and A-11 filed their returns of income-tax for the assessment years 1965-66 and 1966-67. For the assessment year 1965-66, the returns were filed by A-1 on July 14, 1966, showing an income of Rs. 14,705*50. That was for the year ending September 30, 1964. During that period there were five items of expenditure in the names of third parties which were not mentioned in the books for that particular year, but these five items of expenditure were found in the entries of the next year's saccount. The ITO having noted this, called upon the assessee to file revised returns which was done on November 17, 1967, showing a debit of Rs. 34,585 which is the total of the five items of expenditure in the names of third parties for the assessment year 1965-66. The Assistant Commissioner of Income-tax levied penalty which was reduced by the I.T. Appellate Tribunal to the minimum. Thereafter, a complaint was filed by the ITO, Central Circle, Hyderabad, against A-1 to A-12 for offences punishable under Sections 193, 196 and 120B of the IPC and Section 277 of the I.T. Act, 1961. He also filed a complaint against A-12 under Section 278 of the I.T. Act. The petitioners have now moved this court with a petition under Section 482 of the Cr. PC for quashing the proceedings in C.C. No. 208 of 1977 on the file of the Munsif Magistrate, Sangareddy.

2. Mr. Eswara Prasad, the learned advocate appearing on behalf of the petitioners, contends that the complaint has been filed for offences punishable under Sections 193, 196 and 120B, of the IPC. So far as the offences under the above said sections of the IPC are concerned, Mr. Eswara Prasad contends that, having regard to the provisions of Section 195 of the Cr. PC, the court could have taken cognizance only on the complaint in writing of that court or of some other court to which that court was subordinate for an offence punishable under any of the following sections, viz., Sections 193 - 196, and other sections with which we are not concerned in this case. What Mr. Eswara Prasad contends is that, since a part of the complaint is with regard to the commission of offences punishable under Sections 193, 196 and 120B, IPC, having regard to the provisions of Section 195, Cr. PC, the court could have taken cognizance of the matter only if the complaint was in writing of that court, i.e., the ITO, before whom five items of expenditure were not included in the assessment year 1965-66, or some other court to which that court or to which the ITO was subordinate, i.e., the Income-tax Commissioner. Admittedly, the complaint has not been filed by the ITO. On the other hand, the learned advocate for the I.T, Dept. points out that having regard to the provisions of Section 136 of the I.T. Act, the proceedings before an income-tax authority is a judicial proceeding within the meaning of Sections 193 and 228 and for purposes of Section 196, IPC. Therefore, having regard to the provisions of Section 279 of the I.T. Act, the complaint at the instance of the Commissioner could be considered to be a proper complaint or a complaint filed by a proper person. I regret I cannot accede to this contention. So far as the offences punishable under Sections 193, 196 and 120B, IPC, are concerned, having regard to the provisions of Section 195, Cr. PC, no court can take cognizance of a case until a complaint in writing is filed by that ITO or some other authority to which that ITO is subordinate. In other words, a complaint could have been filed either by the ITO, who had enquired into the returns for the assessment year 1965-66, or by the Income-tax Commissioner himself. A complaint filed by another Officer at the instance of the Commissioner cannot come within the ambit of Section 279 of the said Act, so far as the offences punishable under Sections 193, 196 and 120B, IPC, are concerned. Therefore, to this extent, viz., to the extent of offences under Sections 193, 196 and 120B, IPC, since the complaint has not been filed either by the concerned ITO or by the Income-tax Commissioner himself, as envisaged under the provisions of Section 195, Cr. PC, the proceedings are liable to be quashed and are hereby quashed. However, so far as the offence under Section 277 of the I.T. Act is concerned, the proceedings before the learned Magistrate would continue, because it is mentioned in the complaint itself that this complaint has been filed at the instance of the Income-tax Commissioner, Madras. Therefore, having regard to the provisions of Section 279 of the I.T. Act, since the offence is alleged to have been committed under Sections 277 and 278 of the I.T. Act, a complaint at the instance of the Income-tax Commissioner by a third person is permissible. Therefore, the complaint in this case as regards offences under Sections 277 and 278 of the I.T. Act, has been filed by the proper authority and the proceedings to that extent will continue in the lower court.

3. With the above modification, the petition is dismissed.


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