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Asa Ram and ors. Vs. Randhir Singh and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Revn. No. 598 of 1961
Judge
Reported inAIR1963All17; 1963CriLJ28
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1898 - Sections 146
AppellantAsa Ram and ors.
RespondentRandhir Singh and ors.
Appellant AdvocateC.S. Saran, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateB.C. Saxena, Adv.
DispositionApplication rejection
Excerpt:
.....courts as well. , which refer to 'civil, revenue or criminal courts';and it seems to me that if references under section 146 were meant to be sent to revenue courts as well as to ordinary civil courts, the legislature would have used the words 'civil or revenue court......if references under section 146 were meant to be sent to revenue courts as well as to ordinary civil courts, the legislature would have used the words 'civil or revenue court.' therein, instead of men-tioning merely 'civil court'. the fact that revenue courts normally have jurisdiction in suits for the possession of agricultural land does not to my mind materially affect the construction to be placed on the wording of section 146, for where that section refers to 'a civil court of competent jurisdiction' the word 'jurisdiction' should obviously be taken to refer to territorial jurisdiction and nothing more.3. my conclusion therefore is that the present casewas quite rightly referred under section 146 cr. p. c. tothe munsrt for decision, and there is no legal flaw inthe procedure.....
Judgment:
ORDER

W. Broome, J.

1. This revision is directed against orders passed by the S. D. M. Sadar, Muzaffarnagar, in a case under Section 145 Cr, P. C. Since the learned Magistrate was unable to decide which of the parties had been in possession of the disputed land on the relevant dale, he referred the matter to the Civil court under Section 146 Cr. P. C. and on receipt of the decision of the Munsif of Muzaffarnagar passed an order in favour of the opposite-parties in accordance with that decision or the civil court.

2. The contention advanced on behalf of the applicants is that under Section 146 the dispute ought not to have been referred to the Munsif but to the revenue court, as only a revenue court had jurisdiction to decide disputes of this nature about agricultural land; and in this connection reliance has been placed on the decision of a learned single Judge of the Rajasthan High Court in The State v. Keshva Sen, AIR 1960 Raj 279, in which it has been held that the words 'civil court' used in Section 146 Cr. P. C. are used in a wide sense and include revenue courts as well. With due respect to the learned Judge who gave that decision, however, I find myself unable to accept this interpretation.

It is no doubt true that the words 'civil court' are sometimes used in an extended sense, but I can see no reason why in the context of Section 146 Cr. P. C. they should not be restricted to their usual meaning. Where the Legislature has wished to refer to revenue court in this Code it has done so specifically, as may be seen from a perusal of Sections 195, 476 and 480 Cr. P. C., which refer to 'civil, revenue or criminal courts'; and it seems to me that if references under Section 146 were meant to be sent to revenue courts as well as to ordinary civil courts, the Legislature would have used the words 'civil or revenue court.' therein, instead of men-tioning merely 'civil court'. The fact that revenue courts normally have jurisdiction in suits for the possession of agricultural land does not to my mind materially affect the construction to be placed on the wording of Section 146, for where that section refers to 'a civil court of competent jurisdiction' the word 'jurisdiction' should obviously be taken to refer to territorial jurisdiction and nothing more.

3. My conclusion therefore is that the present casewas quite rightly referred under Section 146 Cr. P. C. tothe Munsrt for decision, and there is no legal flaw inthe procedure adopted. This revision application isaccordingly rejected, the stay order granted by this Courton 18-4-1961 being vacated.


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