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Ramanand Vs. the Bank of Bengal - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1875)ILR1All377
AppellantRamanand
RespondentThe Bank of Bengal
Excerpt:
.....52: whenever the obligor and obligee of an obligation shall agree that in the event of the obligation not being duly satisfied, the amount secured record of agreement that thereby may be recovered in a summary way, and shall at the time amount secured by an of registering the said obligation apply to the registering officer obligation may be recovered to record the said agreement, the registering officer, after summarily. and should the plaintiff fail to show such cause, the court may direct the discharge of the defendant from custody. or if the defendant furnish good and sufficient security for his appearance at any time when called upon while such enquiry is being made, his surety or sureties undertaking in default of such appearance to pay the amount mentioned in the..........and shall be prima facieevidence of the said agreement.]+[section 273: any person arrested under a warrant in execution of a decree for money may,on what grounds appli- on being brought before the court, apply for his discharge oncation for discharge may. the ground that he has no present moans of paying the debt,be made. either wholly, or in part, or, if possessed of any property, that he is willing to place whatever property he prossesses at the disopsal of the court. the application shall contain a fullfrom of application. account of all property, of whatever nature belonging to theapplicant, whether in expectancy or in possession, and whether held exclusively by himself orjointly with others, or by others in trust for him (except the necessary wearing apparel ofhimself and his family.....
Judgment:

1. This is a miscellaneous regular appeal from an order made by the Subordinate Judge of Cawnpore in execution of a decree, and a preliminary objection is taken by the respondent's counsel that the appeal cannot be heard inasmuch as no appeal lies from such an order.

2. The circumstances appear to be these. The judgment-debtor, being indebted to the Bank of Bengal in a very considerable sum, upwards of Rs. 76,000, made an agreement for the liquidation of the debt under Section 52 of Act XX of 1866* which agreement was duly registered. It is here to be observed that although that Act was repealed by Act VIII of 1871, the procedure for such cases as the present is thereby expressly saved and is provided by the subsequent Sections 53, 54 and 55 of the Act. Under Section 53 of that Act the Bank obtained a decree against the judgment-debtor, and as that section provides that such a decree may be enforced forthwith under the provisions for the enforcement of decrees contained in the Code of Civil Procedure, he was arrested under a warrant issued pursuant to Section 273 of Act VIII of 1859+ in execution of the decree, and on the 23rd of October 1876, he applied for his discharge under Section 8 of Act XXIII of 1859++. Subsequently the Bank were called upon to show cause, on the 4th November 1876, why they should not proceed against their judgment-debtor's property and he himself be discharged, and such cause having been shown to the satisfaction of the Court, the judgment-debtor's application was refused, and he himself sent back to prison. Against this order, the present appeal has been preferred

3. Section 55 of the Act of 1866 expressly provides that 'there shall be no appeal against any decree or order made under Sections 53, 54, or this section.' It would thus appear that the preliminary objection taken at the hearing of this appeal was well founded. The respondent's counsel in support of his objection referred to two Calcutta cases respectively Petition of Pearee Lal Sahoo 7 W.S. 130 : 17 W.R. 512. But to my mind the law is too clear to admit of any doubt on the subject, and it is quite unnecessary to refer to any other rulings. The objection is, therefore, allowed, and the appeal is dismissed with costs.

Oldfield, J.

4. I concur in the proposed order.

------------------------------------Foot Note------------------------------------

*[Section 52: Whenever the obligor and obligee of an obligation shall agree that in the event

of the obligation not being duly satisfied, the amount secured

Record of agreement that thereby may be recovered in a summary way, and shall at the time

amount secured by an of registering the said obligation apply to the Registering Officer

obligation may be recovered to record the said agreement, the Registering Officer, after

summarily. making such enquiries as ho may think proper shall record such

agreement at the foot of the endorsement and certificate required

by Sections 66, and 68, and such record shall be signed by him and by the obligor, and shall

be copied into the Register Book No. 1 or No. 6, as the ease may be, and shall be prima facie

evidence of the said agreement.]

+[Section 273: Any person arrested under a warrant in execution of a decree for money may,

On what grounds appli- on being brought before the Court, apply for his discharge on

cation for discharge may. the ground that he has no present moans of paying the debt,

be made. either wholly, or in part, or, if possessed of any property, that

he is willing to place whatever property he prossesses at the

disopsal of the Court. The application shall contain a full

From of application. account of all property, of whatever nature belonging to the

applicant, whether in expectancy or in possession, and whether held exclusively by himself or

jointly with others, or by others in trust for him (except the necessary wearing apparel of

himself and his family and necessary implements of his trade), and of the places respectively

where such property is to be found, or shall state that with the exception above mentioned,

the applicant is not possessed of any property and the applica-

verification tion shall be subscribed and verified by the applicant in the

manner hereinbefore prescribed for subscribing and verifiying plaints. [Ammended and

supplemented by Act XXIII, 1861, Section 8.]

++[Section 8: When a person arrested under a warrant in execution of a decree for money

shall, on being brought before the Court, apply for his discharge

Procedure on application on either of the grounds mentioned in Section 273 of Act VIII

for discharge by a person of 1859, the Court shall examine the applicant in the presence of

arrested in execution of a the plaintiff or his pleader, as to his then circumstances,

decree for money. and as to his future means of payment, and shall call upon

the plaintiff to show cause why he does not proceed against

any property of which the defendant is possessed, and why the defendant should not be

discharged; and should the plaintiff fail to show such cause, the Court may direct the discharge

of the defendant from custody. Pending any enquiry which the Court may consider it neces-

sary to make into the allegations of either party, the Court may leave the defendant in the

custody of the Officer of the Court to whom the service of the warrant was entrusted, on the

defendant depositing the fees of such Officer, which shall be at the same time daily rate as

the lowest rate charged in the same Court for serving process; or if the defendant furnish good

and sufficient security for his appearance at any time when called upon while such enquiry is

being made, his surety or sureties undertaking in default of such appearance to pay the

amount mentioned in the warrant, the Court may release the defendant on such security.]


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