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Ram Manorath Singh and ors. Vs. Dilraji Kunwari - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectFamily
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1914All169; (1914)ILR36All146
AppellantRam Manorath Singh and ors.
RespondentDilraji Kunwari
Excerpt:
act no. i of 1877 (specific relief act), section 42 - joint hindu family--widow alleged to be in possession of part of the joint property under a family arrangement--suit for declaration of rights of other members of the family. - cantonments act[c.a. no. 41/2006]. section 346 & cantonment fund (servants rules, 1937, rules 13, 14 & 15: [h.l. gokhale, ag. cj, p.v. hardas, naresh h. patil, r.m. borde & r.m. savant, jj] jurisdiction of school tribunal constituted under maharashtra employees of private schools (conditions of service) regulations act, (3 of 1978) held, school run by the cantonment board is a primary school and it is not a school recognised by any such board comparable to the divisional board or the state board. the school tribunal constituted under section 8 of the..........in the following circumstances. the defendant, musammat dilraji kunwari, is the widow of one sohrat singh. the plaintiffs' case is that babu sohrat singh and they themselves were members of a joint hindu family; that sohrat singh died while he was joint; that his widow dilraji kunwari applied for mutation of names in her own favour in respect of that property which stood in the name of sohrat singh; that her application was contested; that the parties came to a compromise, dated the 19th of may. 1905, which was duly registered, under which dilraji kunwari's name was recorded in the place of that of her husband's, and that on an application for partition having been made by a co-sharer in one of the villages musammat dilraji kunwari also applied for partition of the share which.....
Judgment:

Tudball and Ryves, JJ.

1. The plaintiffs appellants brought a suit in the court below for a declaration in the following circumstances. The defendant, Musammat Dilraji Kunwari, is the widow of one Sohrat Singh. The plaintiffs' case is that Babu Sohrat Singh and they themselves were members of a joint Hindu family; that Sohrat Singh died while he was joint; that his widow Dilraji Kunwari applied for mutation of names in her own favour in respect of that property which stood in the name of Sohrat Singh; that her application was contested; that the parties came to a compromise, dated the 19th of May. 1905, which was duly registered, under which Dilraji Kunwari's name was recorded in the place of that of her husband's, and that on an application for partition having been made by a co-sharer in one of the villages Musammat Dilraji Kunwari also applied for partition of the share which stood in her name. The plaintiffs objected to her application on the ground that she was not entitled to partition, and the Revenue Court referred them to the Civil Court to obtain a declaration on the point. Hence the present suit. In paragraphs 2, 3, 4 and 5 of their plaint the plaintiffs, while setting out the above facts, also alleged that they were in actual possession of the share and that the defendant was not in possession of it, although they relied on the document of the 19th of May, 1905, mentioned above, in which it was set forth that she was to remain in possession. However, in their relief they asked for a declaration that Babu Sohrat Singh died while living jointly with themselves; that the defendant did not get possession of the property as the heir of her husband nor was she in possession as such, and that her name was recorded in the khewat in accordance with the agreement of the 19th of May, 1905, and that she had do right to obtain a partition. The case for the defendant was that Sohrat Singh was separate from the plaintiffs; that he was owner of the property which stood in his name, and that the defendant was in possession as the widow of a separated Hindu; that the plaintiffs were not in possession at all, and that no suit for a declaration could Ho in view of the provisions of Section 42 of the Specific Relief Act. The court below went solely into the question of the actual possession. It r found in favour of the defendant and held that she was in possession, and that the suit; therefore, failed by reason of the terms of Section 42 of the Specific Relief Act. The memorandum of appeal contains two grounds; (1) that the plaintiffs have proved that they are in possession of the property in suit; (2) that the suit is not barred by Section 42 of Act I of 1877. Dr. sundar Lal on behalf of his clients does not press the first ground of appeal and admits that it may he taken for granted that the defendant is in actual possession of the property in suit. But he still maintains that the suit is not barred by Section 42 of the Specific Relief Act, for this reason that the real dispute between the parties is one as to the nature of the possession of the widow; because this suit has arisen out of partition proceedings and the sole object of the plaintiffs is to have it declared that the widow was in possession of the property, not as heir of a separated Hindu; but as a widow of a deceased member of a joint Hindu family in lieu of maintenance, and as such she was not entitled to obtain partition of the property. In our opinion, the possession of the defendant being clearly admitted, the real dispute between the; parties is as to the nature of the possession of the lady. The lower court has not gone into the merits of the case. The plaintiffs no doubt have merely themselves to thank for the decision arrived I at by the court below, because, although they took their stand on the compromise, dated the 19th of May, 1905, which distinctly I awarded possession to the lady, they thought it advisable to state that she was not in possession. In these circumstances it is clear that the court below must go into the merits of the case, as the suit is not barred by the provisions of Section 42 of the Specific Relief Act. The plaintiffs are not at present entitled to possession and are not bound to sue for possession. We, therefore, allow the appeal, set aside the decree of the court below, and remand the case to that court with directions to re-admit it on its original number in the file and proceed to hear and decide it according to law. The costs of this appeal will abide the result


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