K.B. Asthana, J.
1. Having heard the learned counsel for the defendant-applicants, I do not think in the exercise of my revisional jurisdiction I should interfere with the order of the Court below. In fact the order of the Court below is merely an order of correction of a previous order but at the same time it is true that by the terms of the impugned order the suit has been allowed to be withdrawn at the instance of plaintiff, under Order 23, Rule 1 of the Civil Procedure Code.
2. The argument, however, raised on behalf of the applicants was that the defendants having secured a vested right, under the decree of dismissal of the suit by the trial court, the appellate court ought not to have given permission to the plaintiff to withdraw the suit as that would defeat the right of the defendants which enured to their benefit under the decree of dismissal of the suit. Reference was made to a learned Single Judge's decision of this Court in the case of Kedarnath v. Chandra Kiran, AIR 1962 All 263, in which it was held that Order 23, Rule 1, Sub-rule (1) does not give an absolute right to the plaintiff to withdraw a suit at the stage of second appeal and the matter lay within the discretion of the court. It appears to me that Sub-rule (1) of Rule 1 of Order 23, Civil Procedure Code, confers an unqualified right on the plaintiff to withdraw the suit at any time. Since an appeal is continuation of the suit, the right of the plaintiff to withdraw from the suit inheres even at the appellate stage. On the language of Sub-rule (1) it is difficult to hold that the plaintiff had only a qualified right to withdraw from the suit. The Supreme Court in the case of Hulas Rai v. K. B. Bass & Co., AIR 1968 SC 111, observed as follows :--
'The language of Order 23, Rule I, Sub-rule (1) Civil Procedure Code gives an unqualified right to a plaintiff to withdraw from a suit and if no permission to file a fresh suit is sought under Sub-rule (2) of that rule, the plaintiff becomes liable for such costs as the court may award and becomesprecluded from instituting any fresh suit in respect of that subject-matter under Sub-rule (3) of that rule. There is no provision in the Code of Civil Procedure which requires the court to refuse permission to withdraw the suit in such circumstances and to compel the plaintiff to proceed with it.....'
3. The above quoted observation of the Supreme Court, in my judgment, rendered the view taken by the learned Single Judge of this Court, in the case of Kedarnath V. Chand Kiran (supra) nugatory. When the plaintiff withdraws from his suit without seeking permission, contemplated under Sub-rule (2), he is precluded from instituting any fresh suit in respect of the subject-matter or the claim made in the suit so withdrawn. In this context of the law it is difficult to appreciate the argument that any vested right of the defendant, under the decree of dismissal of the suit by the trial court, is being taken away or being put in jeopardy. In law, the defendant gets absolute protection as the plaintiff will not be able to file a fresh suit relating to the same subject-matter or the same claim. No prejudice has been caused to the defendant by the impugned order of the court below.
4. Accordingly, I dismiss this revision with costs.