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Amolak Ram and anr. Vs. Chandan Singh and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectFamily
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1902)ILR24All483
AppellantAmolak Ram and anr.
RespondentChandan Singh and ors.
Excerpt:
hindu law - joint hindu family--mortgage of an undivided share--effect on such mortgage of a subsequent partition. - - before their purchase the decree had been assigned to lachmi narain, who applied for its execution, and in the deed of assignment it was distinctly provided that the share in muzaffra should not be proceeded against, but should be deemed to be released from liability. so far, therefore, from the plaintiffs having been misled by the decree of 1880, they were fully aware when they satisfied that decree that the share of muzaffra was no longer liable under it. 5. in our opinion this appeal must fail......remedy is to proceed against the share which has been allotted to his mortgagor in lieu of the share mortgaged. the principle of this ruling was followed by the calcutta high court in hem chunder ghose v. thako moni debi (1893) i.l.r. 20 calc. 553. the learned judges observed in that case: 'the mortgage was subject to the right of those sharers to enforce a partition, and, as their lordships held in the cases referred to, thereby to convert what was an undivided share of the whole into a defined portion held in severalty. in the absence, therefore, of any fraud in effecting the partition, plaintiff has no right to proceed against that portion of the undivided mortgaged property which, on partition, was allotted to the defendants, but he can proceed against that portion of the.....
Judgment:

John Stanley, C.J. and Banerji, J.

1. This appeal arises out of a suit for contribution brought by the plaintiffs appellants under the following circumstances: On the 1st of June, 1878, one Naubat Singh executed a mortgage in favour of Mukand Siugh and Munna Singh, the predecessors in title of the defendants first party. The mortgage comprised a 5 biswa share in the village Muzaffra, and shares in three other villages. Naubat Singh, Sher Singh and the mortgagees Mukand Singh and Munna Singh were joint owners of certain property. On the 6th of June, 1878, that is, five days after the mortgage, a partition took place between these persons, under which the whole of the village Muzaffra, including, of course, the five biswas mortgaged under the mortgage of the 1st of June, 1878, was allotted to the share of Mukand Singh and Munna Singh. On the 28th of June, 1880, Mukand Singh and the heirs of Munna Singh, who had in the meantime died, obtained a decree upon their mortgage against Naubat Singh. That was a decree for the sale of all the property comprised in the mortgage, including the 5 biswa share in Muzaffra. Before that decree was obtained, Naubat Singh and Sher Siugh had executed a mortgage in favour of the present plaintiffs on the 21st of May, 1880, mortgaging to them all the property which had fallen into their share under the partition referred to above, and another village Atrauli. That mortgage included shares in two of the villages which had been mortgaged to Mukand Singh and Munna Singh in 1878. The plaintiffs were not made parties to the suit brought by Mukand Singh and the heirs of Munna Singh upon their mortgage. The plaintiffs brought a suit upon their own mortgage of 1880 without joining in that suit the prior mortgagees, and obtained a decree on the 20th of September, 1881. In execution of that decree they purchased, on the 20th November, 1885, a 5 biswa share in Chalessar and a 10 biswa share in Khera Buzurg, which included the shares in those villages comprised in the mortgage of 1878. On the 30th of November, 1884, the decree obtained by Mukand Singh and the heirs of Munna Singh was assigned by them to Lachmi Narain, defendant No. 6. The deed of assignment contained a stipulation to the effect that Lachmi Narain was not to proceed (against the 5 biswa share of Muzaffra Execution of the decree was taken out by Lachmi Narain, and he applied for the sale of the shares in the villages Khera Buzurg and Chalessar, which the plain tiffs had purchased in execution of their own decree. The plaintiffs preferred an objection, which prevailed in the Court executing the decree. Thereupon Lachmi Narain brought a suit, and obtained a decree on the 5th of November, 1886, declaring that the villages purchased by the plaintiffs were liable to sale in execution of the decree of 1880. In order to save the property from sale in pursuance of this decree, the plaintiffs discharged the decree of 1880, and brought the present suit for contribution against the principal defendantsj the legal representatives of Mukand Singh and Munna Singh, upon the ground that the 5 biswa share of Muzaffra mortgaged to Mukand Singh and Munna Singh in 1878, and allotted to their share by partition, was liable to contribute rateably towards the mortgage-debt. The suit was resisted on the ground that at the time of the partition it was agreed between the mortgagor and the mortgagees that the 5 biswa share in the village Muzaffra should be released from liability, and should not be deemed to be a part of the mortgaged property. This contention found favour with both the Courts below, and those Courts, holding that it was intended that the mortgage should not be enforced against the village Muzaffra, and that the village in question was consequently not liable under the mortgage of 1878, have dismissed the suit.

2. The plaintiffs have preferred this appeal, and two contentions have been raised on their behalf. The first is that, notwithstanding the partition, the share in Muzaffra was still liable under the mortgage; the second contention is, that the defendants are estopped from asserting that the village in question is no longer liable under the mortgage of 1878 and the decree obtained on foot of it.

3. As regards the first contention, it may be observed that the lower appellate Court has found that at the time of partition both the parties to the mortgage intended that the mortgage should not be enforced against Muzaffra. That must be taken to be a finding of fact, and cannot be challenged in second appeal. In the next place, it has been held by their Lordships of the Privy Council in Byjnath Lall v. Ramoodeen Chowdry (1874) L.R. 11 A. 106 that the mortgage of an undivided share which under a partition has been allotted to another co-sharer cannot, in the absence of of fraud, be enforced by the mortgagee against the share originally mortgaged, and that the mortgagee's sole remedy is to proceed against the share which has been allotted to his mortgagor in lieu of the share mortgaged. The principle of this ruling was followed by the Calcutta High Court in Hem Chunder Ghose V. Thako Moni Debi (1893) I.L.R. 20 Calc. 553. The learned Judges observed in that case: 'The mortgage was subject to the right of those sharers to enforce a partition, and, as their Lordships held in the cases referred to, thereby to convert what was an undivided share of the whole into a defined portion held in severalty. In the absence, therefore, of any fraud in effecting the partition, plaintiff has no right to proceed against that portion of the undivided mortgaged property which, on partition, was allotted to the defendants, but he can proceed against that portion of the undivided property which was allotted to the mortgagors defendants in substitution of their undivided share in the portion mortgaged.' Consequently after the partition which took place in 1878, as to which there is no suggestion at all of fraud or collusion, the mortgage of 1878 could not be enforced against the 5 biswa share in the village Muzaffra which passed out of the share of the mortgagor under the partition. The plaintiffs, therefore, cannot claim that the said share was still liable to contribute towards the payment of the mortgage debt.

4. As to the plea of estoppel, it is based upon the fact that Mukand Singh and the heirs of Munna Singh, in suing upon their mortgage, asked for a decree for the sale, among other property, of the share in Muzaffra, and obtained a decree for the sale of that share; and it is urged that after having obtained such a decree, it is no longer open to their representatives to contend that the share in their possession is not liable under the decree. This might probably have been a valid contention had it been alleged that the plaintiffs had been induced by the fact of the existence of the said decree to purchase the shares comprised in that decree which they did purchase and to discharge the decree. Before their purchase the decree had been assigned to Lachmi Narain, who applied for its execution, and in the deed of assignment it was distinctly provided that the share in Muzaffra should not be proceeded against, but should be deemed to be released from liability. It is not asserted on behalf of the plaintiffs that they were ignorant, of the provisions of this sale-deed. On the contrary, the allegations contained in the plaint show that they were fully cognizant of what that sale-deed provided. They have set out among the terms of the sale-deed the clause which was to the effect that the decretal amount would not be recoverable from the 5 biswa share of Muzaffra. So far, therefore, from the plaintiffs having been misled by the decree of 1880, they were fully aware when they satisfied that decree that the share of Muzaffra was no longer liable under it. That being so, they cannot plead estoppel against the defendants, and claim contribution from them upon the ground of the liability of that share to contribute rateably towards the mortgage debt.

5. In our opinion this appeal must fail. We dismiss it with costs.


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