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Madan Singh Rawat Vs. Rameshwar Dayal Saxena and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectTenancy
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberSecond Appeal No. 2345 of 1970
Judge
Reported inAIR1974All217
ActsUttar Pradesh (Temporary) Control of Rent and Eviction Act, 1947 - Sections 7C
AppellantMadan Singh Rawat
RespondentRameshwar Dayal Saxena and ors.
Appellant AdvocateM.S. Negi, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateGyan Prakash, Adv.
DispositionAppeal dismissed
Excerpt:
property - deposit of rent - section 7c of u.p. (temporaray) control of rent and eviction act, 1947 - tenant can deposit rent in court - only when landlord refuse to accept - landlord signifies his willingness by notice in writing to accept - deposit of rent in court by tenant there after - not valid in law. - .....the monthly rent being rs. 20/-. as the landlords or in other words, the respondents refused to accept rent in the past, the appellant had started depositing the monthly rent in the court of the munsif concerned under section 7-c of the u. p. (temporary) control of rent and eviction act, 1947 (u. p. act no. hi of 1947) (hereinafter referred to as the act) in accordance with the order passed by the learned munsif in civil miscellaneous case no. 217 of 1965. it may be mentioned that the respondents refused to recognise the deposits made by the appellant under section 7-c of the act as valid and filed suit no. 435 of 1965 for ejectment of the appellant. that suit was dismissed on 29-10-1965 and the appeal filed by the landlord also was dismissed on the 15th of april, 1966, but a decree.....
Judgment:

S. Malik, J.

1. This is a defendant's appeal against the judgment dated 26-10-1970 of the 2nd Additional District Judge, Allahabad, decreeing the plaintiff's suit for arrears of rent, ejectment of the appellant from the premises in suit and for compensation for use and occupation of the same from the date of termination of the tenancy.

2. The appellant is the tenant of the respondent and the accommodation in question is a house bearing No. 96, New Katra Extension in this city. It was a month to month tenancy, the monthly rent being Rs. 20/-. As the landlords or in other words, the respondents refused to accept rent in the past, the appellant had started depositing the monthly rent in the court of the Munsif concerned under Section 7-C of the U. P. (Temporary) Control of Rent and Eviction Act, 1947 (U. P. Act No. HI of 1947) (hereinafter referred to as the Act) in accordance with the order passed by the learned Munsif in Civil Miscellaneous Case No. 217 of 1965. It may be mentioned that the respondents refused to recognise the deposits made by the appellant under Section 7-C of the Act as valid and filed Suit No. 435 of 1965 for ejectment of the appellant. That suit was dismissed on 29-10-1965 and the appeal filed by the landlord also was dismissed on the 15th of April, 1966, but a decree for Rs. 20/- was passed in favour of the plaintiff. The landlord or in other words the plaintiff served the notice dated 10-12-1965 (Ex. 8) on the defendant informing the defendant that he should pay the rent to the plaintiff instead of depositing it under Section 7-C and demanding Rs. 140/- as arrears of rent together with the decretal amount of Rs. 20/-. This notice is not very relevant for the purposes of this appeal. Similarly, though it is not very relevant, it may be mentioned that the appellant sent a reply to the said notice and the reply is dated 14-12-1966 (Ex. 2). By this reply the plaintiff was informed that only Rs. 40/- was due to the plaintiff and the plaintiff should inform the defendant whether the defendant really was willing to accept payment so that the defendant may send the said amount of Rs. 40/-through a money order. Thereafter the plaintiff sent the notice (Ex. 9) in the form of a letter dated 16-12-1966 acknowledging receipt of the letter (Ex. 2) and informing the defendant that in future the defendant should pay the rent to the plaintiff either through money order or through a messenger. The plaintiff also informed the defendant in clear terms that he should not deposit the rent after receiving the letter under Section 7-C of the Act in the court of the Munsif.

After the receipt of this letter the defendant in reply wrote the letter dated 21-12-1966 (Ex. 4) acknowledging receipt of the letter (Ex. 9). In that letter the defendant undertook to send the necessary amount to the plaintiff comprising the rent and Bhumi Bhawan Kar along with the decretal amount but requested the plaintiff to let the defendant know whether the plaintiff would get the premises white-washed and repaired. The defendant further mentioned that in case he did not receive any reply to that letter, he would assume that the plaintiff had no objection to the defendant spending one month's rent towards annual repairs and white-washing of the premises. It is apparent from the material on the record that after receiving the letter (Ex. 9) from the plaintiff, the defendant did not pay the rent to the plaintiff, though the plaintiff in clear terms had informed the defendant that he was willing to accept the rent and had also asked the defendant not to deposit the same in court. As no rent was paid to the plaintiff by the defendant, (Ex. 5), a composite notice of demand and quit under Section 3 (1) (a) of the Act and under Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act terminating the tenancy, dated 24-8-1967 was served on the defendant on the 29th of August, 1967. Through this notice the plaintiff demanded Rs. 180/- as arrears of rent for the period November, 1966 to July, 1967. Even after receiving this notice the defendant did not pay any amount to the plaintiff. It appears that he, instead of paying to the plaintiff the rent due, went on depositing the same in court under Section 7-G of the Act (vide Exs. A-1, A-2, A-3 and A-4).

3. The only question which arises is whether the deposits made in court by the defendant-appellant after receiving the letter (Ex. 9) would amount to 'payment of rent' to the plaintiff in law.

4. According to the learned Counsel for the appellant, as the entire rent due to the plaintiff for thy period November, 1966 to July, 1967 was deposited under Section 7-C of the Act by 31-8-1967 long before the period of one month had expired after the service of the notice (Ex. 5), in view of Sub-section (6) of Section 7-C of the Act, the defendant should be deemed to have duly paid the rent due to the plaintiff and the plaintiff was not entitled to get the defendant evicted. In support of this contention reliance was placed on the observations made by this Court in Israr Ahmad v. Sant Ram, (1971) All WR (HC) 401 - (AIR 1971 All 559). The contention has no force. In the ruling cited after service of the notice while the tenancy was still subsisting the defendant had remitted the entire amount due to the landlord as rent by a money order which was refused by the landlord and thereafter the entire amount was deposited under Section 7-C of the Act in accordance with law. In the instant case, as has been pointed out, the defendant never offered to pay either by money order or in person or through a messenger the rent due to the plaintiff even though the plaintiff had intimated to the defendant his willingness to accept the same through the said letter. As is apparent from the language of Sub-section (1) of Section 7-C of the Act a tenant can deposit rent due to the landlord under Section 7-C after the landlord has refused to accept the rent and till the landlord signifies by notice in writing to the tenant his willingness to accept the same. In the instant case, it may be repeated that through the letter (Ex. 9) the landlord had signified his willingness to accept the rent and had even asked the defendant-tenant not to deposit the same in court under Section 7-C. Therefore, any deposit made by the tenant under Section 7-C thereafter will not be valid in the eye of law.

5. In view of the reason discussed, I find that the court below has rightly held that after the service of the notice (Ex. 5) the appellant did not deposit the rent due to the plaintiff, and,' therefore, on the expiry ofthirty days from the date of the service of the notice the tenancy stood terminated and it had been rightly held that the appellant is liable to be evicted.

6. Before I part with this judgment, I may mention that an application was moved today on behalf of the appellant praying that the file of Civil Miscellaneous Case No. 217 of 1965 be got summoned and the appellant be permitted to file a certified copy of the judgment disposing of the earlier Civil Suit No. 435 of 1965 already mentioned. In view of the reasons discussed, 1 see no reason to adjourn this case unnecessarily and to summon the record of Civil Miscellaneous Case No. 217 of 1965. Nothing could be brought to my notice to show the necessity of summoning the record of the said Civil Miscellaneous Case for disposing of this appeal. As regards the second prayer, nothing could be brought to my notice as to why the copy of the judgment in Suit No. 435 of 1965 was not filed by the appellant earlier. Moreover, nothing has been disclosed about the relevancy of the said judgment for the purposes of this appeal.

7. The appeal is dismissed with costs. The stay order is hereby vacated. The appellant, however, is allowed to vacate the premises in question within three months from today subject to his paying the entire decretal amount to the respondents within fifteen days from today, in case he has not deposited it already in the lower court. He shall moreover, pay to the respondents the monthly rent during the first week of each month. On the expiry of the period of three months the appellant shall hand over possession of the premises to the respondents. In default of any of these conditions, the respondents will have the right to get him evicted in accordance, with law.


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