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Empress of India Vs. Mangu and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1880)ILR2All342
AppellantEmpress of India
RespondentMangu and ors.
Excerpt:
act x of 1872 (criminal procedure code), sections 272, 297 - arrest pending appeal. - .....as amended--section 427--expressly gives the power to the high court to order the arrest of the accused person when an appeal is presented to it under section 417, which corresponds with section 272 of the current code, except as to this power of arrest. the ruling, too, of the calcutta court referred to above i.l.r. 1 cal. 281 is cited as the marginal note to section 427, and the proposed section is the same as para. 3 of section 168 of act iv of 1877, 'the presidency magistrates' act,' by which the high court may order the accused person to be arrested, committed to prison, or held to bail, when the public prosecutor appeals on behalf of the local government against an acquittal, dismissal, or discharge.oldfield, j.3. i concur in the view taken by the learned judges of the calcutta.....
Judgment:

Robert Stuart, C.J.

1. I concur in the opinion expressed by Mr. Justice Oldfield. I also agree with Mr. Justice STRAIGHT in holding that under Section 297 of the Criminal Procedure Code the re-arrest of the accused for the purpose of the appeal may be made.

Spankie, J.

2. On the point submitted to us, I accept the ruling in Queen v. Gobind Tewari I.L.R. 1 Cal. 281, and approve the argument of the Legal Remembrancer in support of his contention that the Court had power to order the arrest of the accused. I observed at the hearing of argument in this case that if the contention quoted in the case referred to above could not be maintained, the High Court, under Section 297 of the Criminal Procedure Code, in any case coming to its knowledge, might, if it appeared that there had been a material error in any judicial proceeding of any Court subordinate to it, pass such judgment, sentence or order thereon, as it thought fit. It is not provided that the order passed should be final, and it might be one preliminary to a judgment in appeal. I do not, however, insist upon this view. I may observe that the draft Bill of the Criminal Code as amended--Section 427--expressly gives the power to the High Court to order the arrest of the accused person when an appeal is presented to it under Section 417, which corresponds with Section 272 of the current Code, except as to this power of arrest. The ruling, too, of the Calcutta Court referred to above I.L.R. 1 Cal. 281 is cited as the marginal note to Section 427, and the proposed section is the same as para. 3 of Section 168 of Act IV of 1877, 'The Presidency Magistrates' Act,' by which the High Court may order the accused person to be arrested, committed to prison, or held to bail, when the Public Prosecutor appeals on behalf of the Local Government against an acquittal, dismissal, or discharge.

Oldfield, J.

3. I concur in the view taken by the learned Judges of the Calcutta High Court in Queen v. Gobind Tewari and Ors. I.L.R. 1 Cal. 281.

4. The admission of an appeal revives the proceedings against the accused person who has been acquitted, and the Appellate Court, which has power, under Section 272 of the Criminal Procedure Code, to pass such judgment, sentence or order, as may be warranted by law, can, I apprehend, under the powers so conferred, compel the appearance of the accused person before it, and order his arrest.

Straight, J.

5. At the hearing of this reference I entertained some doubt as to the power of this Court, upon the admission of an appeal under Section 272 of the Criminal Procedure Code, to order the re-arrest of the person or persons who had been acquitted. I am not altogether clear upon this point now, despite the reasoning of the case I.L.R. 1 Cal. 281, quoted by Mr. Justice Oldfield, but I may refrain from coming to any determinate opinion as to that, seeing that under the proposed new Code of Criminal Procedure such difficulty cannot recur. Moreover, I think, that under Section 297, it having come to the notice of this Court that the accused were improperly discharged, an order may be issued for their arrest. Let the Magistrate, therefore, arrest the accused, and keep them in custody till the appeal is disposed of.


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