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Shah Mehdi Hasan Vs. Ismail Hasan and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil;Property
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1920)ILR42All517
AppellantShah Mehdi Hasan
Respondentismail Hasan and ors.
Excerpt:
civil procedure code, (1908), order xxxiv, rule 5 - act no. iv of 1882 (transfer of property act), section 89--mortgage--final decree for sale--mortgagor's rights not absolutely extinguished until sale. - .....by the usufruct.2. the court below has dismissed the suit on the ground that the plaintiff's right of redemption in regard to all the three villages has become extinct. as regards imamnagar, the court finds that a 2/5hs share has already been sold and the plaintiff does not own that share. as regards the remaining 3/5tha the learned subordinate judge was of opinion that the plaintiff's right of redemption had become extinct because a final decree for sale had been obtained by another mortgagee and that the said decree was in course of execution in the collector's court. as for the two remaining villages that court was of opinion that the plaintiff had transferred his rights as regards one and in regard to the other such rights as he owned have also been transferred.3. as regards.....
Judgment:

Grimwood Mears, C.J. and Pramada Charan Banerji, J.

1. In our opinion the decision of the Court below refusing to decree the plaintiff's claim for redemption is erroneous. A mortgage was made on the 17th of February, 1895, in the form of a zar-i-peshgi lease in favour of Muhammad Siddiq. The mortgagee paid a portion of the zar-i-peshgi money and took possession of three of the mortgaged villages, namely, Imamnagar, Rahmatipur and Bhasaura Khurd. The mortgage was in respect of the whole of Imamnagar and shares in the other two villages. The present suit is one for redemption of the three villages, and it is alleged that the mortgage money has been discharged by the usufruct.

2. The court below has dismissed the suit on the ground that the plaintiff's right of redemption in regard to all the three villages has become extinct. As regards Imamnagar, the court finds that a 2/5hs share has already been sold and the plaintiff does not own that share. As regards the remaining 3/5tha the learned Subordinate Judge was of opinion that the plaintiff's right of redemption had become extinct because a final decree for sale had been obtained by another mortgagee and that the said decree was in course of execution in the Collector's Court. As for the two remaining villages that court was of opinion that the plaintiff had transferred his rights as regards one and in regard to the other such rights as he owned have also been transferred.

3. As regards Imamnagar we think the view taken by the learned Subordinate Judge is erroneous. The fact that a final decree for sale has been obtained by another mortgagee in respect of a 3/5ths share does not extinguish the rights of the mortgagor completely with regard to the aforesaid 3/5ths share. In Order XXXIV, Rule 4, it is not provided, as was provided in Section 89 of Act IV of 1882, that after the passing of a final decree or 'order absolute ' as it was called under Section 89 of the Act of 1882, the right of the mortgagor to redeem becomes extinct. Even under Section 89 of the Transfer of Property Act of 1882 the right became extinct only in regad to the mortgage, the holder of which had obtained a decree for sale. If that decree is paid off it cannot be said that the mortgagor's right has become extinct. Under the present Code of Civil Procedure, which repeals Section 89, the mere passing of a final decree does not extinguish the mortgagor's right until a sale has actually taken place in pursuance of the decree. In the present case it is admitted that no sale has taken place--and we are informed that the amount of the mortgage upon which the decree was obtained, has been paid off by the plaintiff. In any case, the plaintiff's right as regards the remaining 3/5ths in Imamnagar not having ceased to exist, he has the right of redemption as regards at least that share. If the plaintiff is entitled, as we hold he is, to redeem a part of the mortgaged property, he is entitled to redeem the whole upon payment of the whole of the mortgage money, or if he can prove that the whole of the mortgage money has been' realized by the mortgagee from the usufruct of the mortgaged property.

4. As regards the remaining two villages we express no opinion on the question whether the plaintiff's right has or has not become extinct, inasmuch as by reason of our decision that he still owns a 3/5ths share in the village of Imamnagar, he is competent to sue for redemption of the mortgage....

5. We accordingly allow the appeal, set aside the decree of the court below and remand the case to that court with directions to re-admit it under its original number in the register and to dispose of it according to law. Costs here and hitherto will be costs in the cause.


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