Skip to content


Sundar Lal Vs. the State - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCriminal Appeal No. 485 of 1964
Judge
Reported inAIR1968All320; 1968CriLJ1226
ActsCode of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1898 - Sections 420
AppellantSundar Lal
RespondentThe State
Respondent AdvocateK.H. Kapoor, Adv.
Excerpt:
criminal - right to appeal - section 420 of criminal procedure code, 1898 - accused filed two appeals against same conviction - appeal from jail and subsequently through counsel - subsequent appeal must not have been entertained - if subsequent appeal have been consolidated with the earlier appeal - this fact must be brought to the notice of the court by the office. - .....were registered separately and were not consolidated on account of the mistake of the office. the earlier appeal, i.e., the one filed from jail, came up for hearing before me on the 16th of may, 1966 on which date i allowed it and set aside the conviction and sentence passed against the appellant. on the other hand, the represented appeal came up earlier before the hon'ble misra, j., on the 16th of february, 1965 and he dismissed the same confirming the conviction and maintaining the sentence of seven years' rigorous imprisonment. copy of the judgment of the hon'ble misra, j., when certified to the trial court, was placed on the file of the sessions case but the file was requisitioned in connection with the other appeal in the high court with the result that when the order of release.....
Judgment:

G.D. Sahgal, J.

1. Sunder Lal, who was convicted by the Civil and Sessions Judge of Sita-pur of an offence under Section 395, I.P.C., submitted an appeal from jail which, as the endorsement on the memorandum Indicates, was received by the office on the 17th of December, 1963, though it was ordered to be registered on the 24th of April, 1964. At the same time, he submitted an appeal through counsel which was filed in Court on the 19th of December, 1963, i.e., two days later. Both these appeals were registered separately and were not consolidated on account of the mistake of the office. The earlier appeal, i.e., the one filed from jail, came up for Hearing before me on the 16th of May, 1966 on which date I allowed it and set aside the conviction and sentence passed against the appellant. On the other hand, the represented appeal came up earlier before the Hon'ble Misra, J., on the 16th of February, 1965 and he dismissed the same confirming the conviction and maintaining the sentence of seven years' rigorous imprisonment. Copy of the judgment of the Hon'ble Misra, J., when certified to the trial Court, was placed on the file of the Sessions case but the file was requisitioned in connection with the other appeal in the High Court with the result that when the order of release passed by me was received by the Civil and Sessions Judge, the file of the Sessions case being not before the lower Court, accused Sunder Lal was ordered to be released forthwith on receipt of the operative portion of my judgment. It was when the record of the case itself was received by the lower Court from the High Court that it came to notice that there have been two conflicting judgments in the same case against the conviction of Sunder Lal and a direction has been sought from this Court accordingly.

2. Sunder Lal filed two appeals against the same conviction. He had a right to file only one appeal. The earlier appeal was filed on the 17th of December, 1963. His right to file an appeal against his conviction was exhausted when that appeal was received by this Court from jail. The subsequent appeal, therefore, which was filed on the 19th of December. 1963, ought not to have been entertained and would, in any case, have been consolidated with the earlier appeal in case this fact had been brought to the notice of the Court by the office. But this was not done. Any judgment delivered in an appeal which was incompetent, therefore, would be a nullity. The judgment passed in the earlier appeal which only was competent, therefore, shall be treated as a judgment which is of validity in the case.

3. In the circumstances. Sunder Lal, appellant, was rightly released as the judgmentgiven in the earlier of the two appeals will prevail over the judgment given in the later appeal which was not a competent appeal. Letthe Civil and Sessions Judge be informed accordingly and a copy of this order sent to him.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //