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State of Uttar Pradesh Vs. Sheikh Asghar and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCivil;Limitation
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Revn No. 195 of 1957
Judge
Reported inAIR1963All357
ActsCode of Civil Procedure (CPC) , 1908 - Order 22, Rule 10; Limitation Act - Schedule - Articles 176 and 181
AppellantState of Uttar Pradesh
RespondentSheikh Asghar and ors.
Appellant AdvocateStanding Counsel
Respondent AdvocateP.M. Verma, ;Sudiq Ali and ;Shambhu Pd., Advs.
DispositionRevision allowed
Excerpt:
civil - limitation - order 22 rule 10 of code of civil procedure, 1908 and articles 181 and 176 of limitation act, 1908 - plaintiff died without heir - property escheated to government - state government recorded as plaintiff - limitation for substitution within three years under the residuary article 181 - article 181 is not applicable. - - cavaly vencata narramapah, 8 moo ind app 500 (pc). it was observed at page 525 by their lordships that where there is a total failure of heirs, then the claim to the land ceases (we apprehend) to be subject to any such personal law;.....i have heard learned counsel for the applicant. a distinction has to tie made between cases of substitution of legal representatives and substitution of persons claiming by assignment, creation or devolution of interest during the pendency of a suit the provisions of order xxii have been so framed as to make them applicable under rules 1 to 7 to the legal representatives, to official receiver under rule 8 and to other assignees or to other persons in whose favour interest has been created by devolution or otherwise under rule 10. it will appear that for bringing the legal representatives on record a period of 90 days has been provided, while no period has been provided for purposes of bringing on record the assignee or other persons in whose favour art interest has been created or.....
Judgment:

Mithan Lal, J.

1. This civil revision, filed by the State of Uttar Pradesh, arises out of an order passed by the learned Civil Judge, Jaunpur, dismissing the application of the State Government for its substitution on the death of the sole plaintiff Smt. Jumratan.

2. Smt. Jumratan instituted a suit against the opposite parties. She died during the pendency of that suit on 15th January, 1951, and as nobody came forward as a legal representative during the period of limitation, an order of abatement of the suit was passed on 15th April 1951. On information received by the Government and after an enquiry the Government found that Smt. Jumratan had died heirless and that the property escheated to the Government. Thereafter, an application was made on 17th July 1952 for substituting the State Government in place of Smt. Jumratan.

3. This application was opposed mainly on the ground that substitution could not take place some 15 months after the death of the plaintiff and that there being no reason for condonation of delay, the plaintiffs application should be rejected. This plea found favour with the court below and the application was rejected.

4. I have heard learned counsel for the applicant. A distinction has to tie made between cases of substitution of legal representatives and substitution of persons claiming by assignment, creation or devolution of interest during the pendency of a suit The provisions of Order XXII have been so framed as to make them applicable under Rules 1 to 7 to the legal representatives, to official receiver under Rule 8 and to other assignees or to other persons in whose favour interest has been created by devolution or otherwise under Rule 10. It will appear that for bringing the legal representatives on record a period of 90 days has been provided, while no period has been provided for purposes of bringing on record the assignee or other persons in whose favour art interest has been created or upon whom an interest in the subject matter of the suit has devolved during the pendency of the suit. To such cases the residuary Article 181 would apply, which provides for three years period of limitation for applications for which no period of limitation is provided elsewhere. In support of the view a reference may be made to the authority of Collector of Masulipatam v. Cavaly Vencata Narramapah, 8 Moo Ind App 500 (PC). It was observed at page 525 by their Lordships that where

'There is a total failure of heirs, then the claim to the land ceases (we apprehend) to be subject to any such personal law; and as all property not dedicated to certain religious trusts must have some legal owner, and there can be, legally speaking, no unowned property, the law of escheat intervenes and prevails, and is adopted generally in all the Courts of the Country alike.'

5. The authority of Chiranji Lal v. Biswa Nath, AIR 1914 Oudh 208 indirectly supports the view Inasmuch as the learned Judge who decided that case held that a zamindar, to whom the property has passed by escheat, was not a legal representative, meaning thereby that he would be one of the persons mentioned in Order XXII Rule 10), that is a person upon whom the interest in the property has devolved. Once the Court below found that Smt. Jumratandied heirless and that the property has escheated to theGovernment it should have allowed the substitution bringingthe State Government on record as plaintiff not as a legalrepresentative but as a person upon whom the interestof the plaintiff devolved. This could be done within threeyears and not within 90 days as the Court below thought.The order passed by the Court below must, therefore, beset aside.

6. The revision is allowed with costs. The order passed by the Court below is set aside. The case is sent back to the Court below with a direction that the case shall be registered at its original number and the name of the State of Uttar Pradesh shall be substituted in place of Smt. Jumratan and thereafter the suit snail be proceeded with according to law.

7. Record of the case shall be sent back to theCourt below as early as possible.


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