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Shahzad Singh Vs. Bachoo Singh - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectTenancy;Property
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Reported inAIR1930All352
AppellantShahzad Singh
RespondentBachoo Singh
Excerpt:
- .....to mortgage his holding by the conditions of his lease. accordingly the case of a mortgagee from a tenant entitled to mortgage is entirely different from the case of the defendants who are merely in a position of subtenants under act 2 of 1901. reference was further made to section 28 of that act, but the proviso to that section states that the interest of the subtenant shall be extinguished if the tenant is ejected on any of the grounds specified in section 57, and the ejectment in question was under section 57(a). in khiali ram v. nathu lal [1893] 15 all. 219 at p. 230 it was laid down;in order that the effect of our opinion may not be misunderstood and our decision be not misapplied, it is necessary to say that it is obvious to us that the interest in an occupancy holding of any.....
Judgment:

Bennet, J.

1. This is a Letters Pfatent Appeal brought by the defendants. The facts as found are that an occupancy tenant has made a usufructuary mortgage of a single plot 906 of his occupancy holding in the year 1889 when such a mortgage was held to be legal by this Court in the Pull Bench case of Khiali Ram v. Nathu Lal [1893] 15 All. 219. The zamindar sued the tenant Faqir for arrears of rent and obtained a decree for Rs. 4-2-0 arrears, under Section 57(a) Act 2 of 1901, in the year 1924. To this suit the present appellants were not parties, and under Act 2 of 1901 it is not necessary for the landholder to make the psresent appellants parties, and the present appellants were subtenants under that Act. An application was made under Section 59 of that Act by the landholder to eject the tenant and under Section 71(1) of that Act a sublessee is no longer entitled to remain in possession. The defendants, however, resisted the landholder in obtaining possession and the landholder brought this suit in the civil Court to obtain possession. The trial Court and the lower appellate Court dismissed the suit of the plaintiff zamindar on the ground that the defendant mortgagees were entitled to remain in possession as their interests under their mortgage were not extinguished by the ejectment of the mortgagor. The learned Judge of this Court having considered the rulings at length has come to the contrary opinion, and he has decreed the plaintiff's suit for possession. For the appellants reference was made to the case of Bahadur v. Motichand : AIR1925All580 . But that ruling dealt with the position of a mortgagee of a tenant under a perpetual lease who was entitled to mortgage his holding by the conditions of his lease. Accordingly the case of a mortgagee from a tenant entitled to mortgage is entirely different from the case of the defendants who are merely in a position of subtenants under Act 2 of 1901. Reference was further made to Section 28 of that Act, but the proviso to that section states that the interest of the subtenant shall be extinguished if the tenant is ejected on any of the grounds specified in Section 57, and the ejectment in question was under Section 57(a). In Khiali Ram v. Nathu Lal [1893] 15 All. 219 at p. 230 it was laid down;

In order that the effect of our opinion may not be misunderstood and our decision be not misapplied, it is necessary to say that it is obvious to us that the interest in an occupancy holding of any person to whom an occupancy tenant sublets, or to whom he grants a usufructuary mortgage of land comprised in his occupancy holding will determine, if it has not previously determined, on the termination of the right of occupancy and can subsist no longer than the right of occupancy subsists.

2. Accordingly we consider that the decision of the learned Judge of this Court was correct, and we dismiss this Letters Patent Appeal.


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