Naqi Ahmad and anr. Vs. Emperor - Court Judgment
|Appellant||Naqi Ahmad and anr.|
criminal procedure code (act v of 1898), sections 345(5), 423(d) and 439 - revision--compromise--sanction--power of revision court. - .....sanction to compromise is given to an appellate court under clause 5 of section 345, criminal procedure code. this clause and clause (d) of section 423 were placed in the code at one and the same time, i.e., in 1898. the former was put in to meet the decision in empress of india v. thompson 2 a. 339.2. the code of criminal procedure, section 439, sets forth the powers of a court in revision. it only grants certain fixed powers and does not mention section 345 clause (5). if the appellate court has power under clause (d) of section 423, to grant sanction to compromise, then clause (5) of section 345 was unnecessary.3. however, i am bound as a single judge to abide by the ruling.4. in the circumstances of the case, i think the sanction may with advantage be granted and i accordingly.....
1. The point I find is covered by the decision in Ram Piyari v. King-Emperor 32 A. 153; 7 A.L.J. 103; 5 Ind. Cas. 696; 11 Cr. L.J. 203. Personally, I very much doubt the correctness of this decision as the power of an Appellate Court to grant sanction to compromise is given to an Appellate Court under Clause 5 of Section 345, Criminal Procedure Code. This clause and Clause (d) of Section 423 were placed in the Code at one and the same time, i.e., in 1898. The former was put in to meet the decision in Empress of India v. Thompson 2 A. 339.
2. The Code of Criminal Procedure, Section 439, sets forth the powers of a Court in revision. It only grants certain fixed powers and does not mention Section 345 Clause (5). If the Appellate Court has power under Clause (d) of Section 423, to grant sanction to compromise, then Clause (5) of Section 345 was unnecessary.
3. However, I am bound as a single Judge to abide by the ruling.
4. In the circumstances of the case, I think the sanction may with advantage be granted and I accordingly allow the compromise. The result will be an acquittal.