1. The facts on which the two suits that have given rise to the present appeals were brought in the court of the Subordinate Judge of Aligarh, are fully set out in the judgement of the High Court of Allahabad. It is sufficient, therefore to state shortly the circumstances which form the basis of the appellant Parbhu Dayal's claim. He was the plaintiff in one of the actions (24 of 1906), which was a suit for the redemption of a mortgage, whilst in the other (173 of 1906) he was joined as a defendant. Both suits, however, related to a village called Lodhamai. A half share of this property, in the nomenclature in vogue in this part of the country described as a 10 biswa share, belonged originally to one Ram Bakhsh. In the year 1863, Ram Bakhsh executed a usufructuary mortgage in respect of this share for a terra of eleven and a half years in favour of one Debi Das, since deceased. It may be noted 'here that just as 16 annas constitute the integral unit; in Bengal and other places, 20 biswas form the unit in most parts of Upper India; 20 bis wan-sis going to a biswa. The mortgage deed in favour of Debi Das provided that the mortgagee should remain in undisturbed possession of the mortgaged property and take the rents and profits in lieu of interest. The principal money secured by the mortgage was never repaid and Debi Das continued to hold the share after the expiration of the term for repayment. In the meantime, Ham Bakhsh was dealing with the equity of redemption; in 1866, he assigned his right in 7 biswas of his 10 biswas to the minor sons of a person named Zahur Ahmad; a little later he sold to Zahur Ahmad himself 2 biswas, 19 biswansis, and subsequent thereto the remaining fraction left in his hands to the mortgagee Debi Das. The outstanding equity of redemption in respect of 9 biswas, 19 biswansis thus vested in Zahur Ahmad and his sons. Zahur Ahmad died shortly after, leaving as his heirs, besides his sons, several daughters and two widows. His estate, including the right to redeem the mortgage to Debi Das, accordingly devolved on his heirs. In 1877 his sons under the guardianship of their mother brought a suit for redemption against Debi Das; and in May, 1878, they obtained a decree for possession on payment to the mortgagee of a specified sum. This money appears to have been paid into court, and the plaintiffs obtained possession of the property in July, 1878. The decree of the court of first instance was, however, varied on appeal by the High Court, which directed payment by the plaintiffs of a further sum of Rs. 9,000. This they failed to do, and the mortgagee was restored to possession by an order of the court in April, 1880. Debi Das then applied to the court for an order for mesne profits for the period during which he was out of possession, and in March, 1881, he succeeded in obtaining a decree for a sum of over Rs. 5,000. In execution of this decretal order he caused the outstanding equity of redemption to be attached and sold, and at the auction sale purchased the same himself. After his purchase as aforesaid he purported to deal with the property as absolute owner; he mortgaged the property to one Sagar Mal, who obtained a decree on his mortgage, and in execution of that decree the defendants in suit 173 of 1906 purchased the share in question in 1897. In suit 173 of 1906, which has given rise to appeal 75, the heirs of Debi Das are the plaintiffs, and they seek to redeem the property on the ground that although Debi Das after his purchase in 1881 became the absolute owner, the defendants had in the auction sale held in 1897 only acquired his mortgagee right.
2. The sons of Zahur Ahmad, on the other hand, continued to deal with their right to the equity of redemption as still subsisting in them; and, by two deeds of sale, assigned to Parbhu Dyal, the appellant, a 5 biswas share of the property. Parbhu Dayal, after failing in one suit in 1905 on the ground of non-joinder of parties, brought in 1906 the present action to redeem the mortgage executed by Ram Bakhsh in 1863 and for ancillary reliefs. He contended in the courts below, as has been contended before this Board on his behalf, that the decree for mesne profits and all the proceedings thereunder, culminating in the sale at which Debi Das purported to purchase the equity of redemption, wore made without jurisdiction and conveyed no title to the purchaser; and as they were mere 'nullities' the right of his assignors was unaffected and by virtue of the assignment to him he is entitled to redeem.
3. Both courts have overruled his contentions and dismissed his suit. Their Lordships fully concur in the reasons given by the High Court for disallowing the plaintiff's claim. As the learned Judges point out, the court which awarded the mesne profits had full jurisdiction in that behalf; if it exercised the jurisdiction wrongly, the persons aggrieved bad their remedy under the provisions of the Indian Code of Civil Procedure, either by appeal to the High Court or by an application for revision. Objection was in fact taken under section gill of the Code of Civil Procedure (1882) to the safe for mesne profits, which was disallowed, and there was no appeal from that order. The present action, in their Lordships' opinion, is wholly misconceived. It was further urged on appellant's behalf that he was at any rate entitled to redeem the share of Zahur Ahinad's daughters, who were no parties to the suit of their brothers or to the subsequent proceedings held therein. Their Lordships are not satisfied that any right was in fact conveyed to Parbhu Dayal by those ladies, or that if any right was conveyed as alleged what Us extent was.
4. The appeal will be dismissed with costs to be paid by the appellant, Parbhu Dayal, to the respondents who are represented at the hearing.
5. It is admitted that this Judgment will govern appeal 75, which arises out of suit 173 of 1906, brought by the heirs of Debi Das. This appeal will also be dismissed.
6. And their Lordships will humbly advise His Majesty accordingly.