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Lakhpat Rai Vs. Fakhrud Din - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in41Ind.Cas.190
AppellantLakhpat Rai
RespondentFakhrud Din
Excerpt:
transfer of property act (iv of 1882), section 91 (f) - mortgage--redemption--purchaser in execution, right of. - - we need hardly say that, in our opinion, the court below was quite right in holding that the suit, so far as it is a suit for possession other than by redemption, is clearly barred by time......he might get possession after redeeming a certain mortgage. the plaintiff's title is as follows:---nand kishore obtained a simple money-decree against ram mohan lal on the 25th of may 1889. before judgment he had caused the property to be attached. the property was subsequently put up to sale and purchased by lakhpat rai on the 28th of september 1902. the sale was confirmed on the 26th of november 1902. the defendant on the other hand sets up the following title. the property in dispute had been mortgaged by ram mohan lai on the 4th of april 1889 in favour of ram ratan and ram gopal. on the 15th of june 1897 a suit was instituted by the mortgagees for sale upon the mortgage. they obtained a decree on the 25th of september 1897., and caused the property to be sold on the 20th of june.....
Judgment:

1. This appeal arises out of a suit in which the plaintiff claimed possession of certain property and that if he was not entitled to possession, pure and simple, he might get possession after redeeming a certain mortgage. The plaintiff's title is as follows:---Nand Kishore obtained a simple money-decree against Ram Mohan Lal on the 25th of May 1889. Before judgment he had caused the property to be attached. The property was subsequently put up to sale and purchased by Lakhpat Rai on the 28th of September 1902. The sale was confirmed on the 26th of November 1902. The defendant on the other hand sets up the following title. The property in dispute had been mortgaged by Ram Mohan Lai on the 4th of April 1889 in favour of Ram Ratan and Ram Gopal. On the 15th of June 1897 a suit was instituted by the mortgagees for sale upon the mortgage. They obtained a decree on the 25th of September 1897., and caused the property to be sold on the 20th of June 1899, when the defendant's father purchased the same. He was put in possession on the 25th of April 1900. It is an admitted fact that Nand Kishore was not made a party to the mortgagee's suit and it is further admitted that he had obtained his decree before the suit was instituted. The defendant accordingly contends that the suit is barred by limitation so far as it claims possession and that any right which Nand Kishore, or others claiming under him, had to redeem the property is long since extinguished. The Court below has held that the suit is barred by time, and on this preliminary point has dismissed the plaintiff's claim, without going further into the merits. In the course of the argument in this Court it was strongly contended that Nand Kishore had no interest in the property itself or even in the equity of redemption such as would entitle the plaintiff to claim redemption now. Numerous authorities have been cited on both sides as to the effect of an attachment by an execution-creditor. The remarks of their Lordships of the Privy Council in the case of Suraj Bunsi Koer v. Sheo Persad Singh 5 C. 148 at p. 174 : 6 1. A. 88 : 4 Sar. P. C. J. 1 : 3 Suth P. C. J. 589 : 4 C. L. B. 226 : 2 Shome L. R. 242 : 2 Ind. Dec. (N.S) 705 (P. O.). are quoted. Their Lordships' remarks in the case of Moti Lai v. Karrabuldin 25 C. 179 at p. 185 : 24 I. A. 170 : 1 C. W. N. 639 : 7 Sar. P. C. J. 222 : 13 Ind. Dec. (N. S.) 121 (P. C.)., have also been referred to. We think that it is unnecessary in the present case for us to express any opinion as to whether or not an attachment by a judgment-creditor has the effect of conferring an estate. Section 91 of the Transfer of Property Act specifies the persons, other than the mortgagor, who have the right to redeem mortgaged property. Clause (f) is as follows:---The judgment-creditor of the mortgagor when he has obtained execution by attachment of the mortgagor's interest in the property;' the right to redeem which is conferred on the persons mentioned in this Section seems to be the same right to redeem in all cases. It is the very same right which the mortgagor himself has. A mortgagor in this country can redeem within sixty years, unless his right to redeem has been concluded by proper legal proceedings. It seems to us, therefore, that Nand Kishore and the plaintiff as claiming under him are entitled to redeen(sic), it being an admitted fact that neither Nand Kishore nor Lakhpat Rai were made parties to the mortgages. We need hardly say that, in our opinion, the Court below was quite right in holding that the suit, so far as it is a suit for possession other than by redemption, is clearly barred by time. We also think that the plaintiff's only right is to redeem and he cannot question the genuineness of the mortgage. We allow the appeal, set aside the decree of the Court below, and remand the case with directions to re-admit the case under its original number and proceed to hear and determine the same on the merits. Costs here and heretofore will be costs in the cause.


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