Skip to content


Firm Shri Veer Glass Works Vs. Firm Sonpal Vidya Charan Glass Bangles Merchant and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty;Civil
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberCivil Revn. No. 580 of 1983
Judge
Reported inAIR1986All2
ActsCode of Civil Procedure (CPC) , 1908 - Order 41, Rules 5(1) and 6(2)
AppellantFirm Shri Veer Glass Works
RespondentFirm Sonpal Vidya Charan Glass Bangles Merchant and ors.
Appellant AdvocateR.P. Goel, Adv.
Respondent AdvocatePrakash Gupta, Adv.
DispositionPetition dismissed
Excerpt:
civil - stay of execution sale -order 41 rules 5(1) and 6 (2) of code of civil procedure, 1908 - decree against judgment debtors - appeal filed pending - application filed in execution court for stay of proceedings - rejected - attachment orders against immovable property of judgment debtors - application filed before execution court to stay sale of same allowed - although appellate court not giving any relief for stay of execution - stay order of sale by execution court remains good. - - it follows also that despite the appellate court having declined to grant an absolute stay against all modes of execution open to a decree-holder the execution court shall where the conditions are otherwise satisfied, proceed to stay sale of immovable property under rule 6(2) of order 41, civil p......of powers under order 41, rule 5(1), of civil p.c., it remains open to the execution court to stay sale of immovable property m execution of the decree m exercise of powers under order 41, rule 6(2), c.p.c. the petitioner obtained a decree against the respondents for recovery of certain amount of money. against the decree, there is first appeal filed at the instance of the respondents which is pending decision before this court an application was made before this court by the respondents for execution of the decree being stayed which has, however, been rejected under order 41, rule 5(1) of civil p.c. in execution of the decree the certain immovable property belonging to the respondents has since been attached. the question arose of sale thereof. the judgment-debtors made application.....
Judgment:
ORDER

B.D. Agrawal, J.

1. The short question raised in this petition is whether in a case where this Court has in the exercise of appellate jurisdiction declined to grant stay of execution in exercise of powers under Order 41, Rule 5(1), of Civil P.C., it remains open to the execution Court to stay sale of immovable property m execution of the decree m exercise of powers under Order 41, Rule 6(2), C.P.C. The petitioner obtained a decree against the respondents for recovery of certain amount of money. Against the decree, there is first appeal filed at the instance of the respondents which is pending decision before this Court An application was made before this Court by the respondents for execution of the decree being stayed which has, however, been rejected under Order 41, Rule 5(1) of Civil P.C. In execution of the decree the certain immovable property belonging to the respondents has since been attached. The question arose of sale thereof. The judgment-debtors made application under Order 41, Rule 6(2) before the execution Court which has on security being furnished by the said judgment-debtors stayed the sale of the said property which continues to remain under attachment.

2. Sri R. P. Goel, learned counsel for the petitioner contends that in view of the stay having been declined by this Court it should not be taken to remain open to the execution Court below to grant stay m execution of the same decree. In granting any such stay, he further argues, the Court has to take into consideration the balance of convenience involved to the respective parties and the hardship resulting to the decree-holder as a consequence. On the other hand Sri Prakash Gupta, learned counsel for the respondents urged that the jurisdiction exercised in thisbehalf are different and that it is open reasonably to reconcile the same.

3. Order 41 Rule 5(1) and Rule 6(2) of Civil P C read as under --

5(1). 'An appeal shall not operate as a stay of proceedings under a decree or order appealed from except so far as the Appellate Court may order nor shall execution of a decree be stayed by reason only of an appeal having been preferred from the decree but the Appellate Court may for sufficient cause order stay of execution of such decree.'

6(2). 'Where an order has been made for the sale of immovable property in execution of a decree, and an appeal is pending from such decree, the sale shall, on the application of the judgment-debtor to the Court which made the order be stayed on such terms as to giving security or otherwise as the Court thinks fit until the appeal is disposed of'

4. Upon a close scrutiny of these provisions it would appear that though to a certain extent they are overlapping, it may not be correct to say that one is negatived by the other. Rule 6(2) is not made expressly subject to an order passed under Rule 5(1). We have then to see whether there is anything contained in these provisions which may be construed to restrain the jurisdiction exercisable under Rule 6(2) by necessary implication despite the fact that the said provision is not made expressly subject to what is contained under Rule 5(1) On analysis it will appear that there are certain distinct features in relation to both these provisions which may be described as under --

(i) Rule 5(1) confers power exercisable by the appellate Court and it is wide in the sense that it pertains to stay of execution by any mode including that of sale of immovable property; the power under Rule 6(2) is in essence restricted inasmuch as the stay contemplated by the execution Court therein is only in respect of sale of immovable property m execution.

(ii) From the above it follows that even though on account of stay granted by the execution Court under Rule 6(2). the decree-holder may not proceed to sell the immovable property belonging to the judgment-debtors, it remains open to him to proceed to execution by other modes available as contemplated under Section 51 of the Code.

(iii) the exercise of appellate jurisdiction under Order 41, Rule 5(1) is discretionary. The appellate Court has necessarily to take into account in that connection the relative hardship involved to the parties and such other factors as may be regarded to be relevant. No such elements are, however, to be found contained in so far as the Rule 6(2) is concerned. The execution Court has only to ascertain therein that the sale required m execution is of immovable property and that there is an appeal pending against the decree of which execution is sought The merre pendency of an appeal is for purposes of this rule make enough ground for stay of sale of immovable property whereas Rule 5(1) contemplates in express terms that mere pendency of appeal does not amount to stay of execution. The execution Court has, of course, to obtain security under Rule 6(2) in order to be able to exercise powers thereunder. But subject to all this the grant of stay by the execution Court thereunder is mandatory.

5. Upon consideration of the above it would further appear that the object behind Rule 6(2) is to safeguard against the complications which might arise m the event of the immovable property belonging to a judgment-debtor being sold in execution while the appeal itself remains pending. It is in order to provide against such a contingency and the complications arising on that account that the execution Court is conferred a limited power, namely, to stay execution by sale of the immovable property, on condition to obtain security for such period only during which the appeal against the decree remains pending. In my opinion taking these factors into consideration there is no conflict involved as between the exercise of the appellate jurisdiction on the one hand and this limited power vested in the execution Court on the other. It follows also that despite the appellate Court having declined to grant an absolute stay against all modes of execution open to a decree-holder the execution Court shall where the conditions are otherwise satisfied, proceed to stay sale of immovable property under Rule 6(2) of Order 41, Civil P.C.

6. In this view I am fortified by the decision reported in Jangir Singh Ganda v. Mst. Nihal Kaur AIR 1965 Punj 438 which was followedspecifically in Bishen Singh v Smt. Chanan Kaur . The same view has been taken by some other High Courts as will appear from the decisions reported in Laxman Omana Muchandi v. Ramachandra Omana Muchandi AIR 1964 Mys 232. Lalmiya Sulamhusen a Partnership Firm v Shaikh Ahmed Shaikh Dawood : AIR1969Guj166 , Rukmani Ammal v. Subramama Sastrigal AIR 1940 Mad 82, Dhirendra Nath Roy v. Sailaj Kumar Bose : AIR1940Cal582 . The observations made by a learned single Judge in Babu Harnaram Sahi v. Sadhu Govind Rai : AIR1932All551 . have been distinguished and rightly in my view on ground that the question arising therein before this Court was that of grant of stay under Order 41, Rule 5 C.P.C., and this did not involve directly the jurisdiction of the execution court to stay sale of immovable property under Rule 6(2) such as has arisen in the present case.

7. Sri Goel next contended that the security contemplated under Rule 6(2) has to be of same property other than the immovable property in respect of which the execution is sought to be proceeded with and further that the said security has to be in cash. In so far as the first part of this argument is concerned, the facts of this case disclose that there is security other than attachment of the property sought to be put to sell furnished by the judgment-debtor respondents. Therefore, that kind of objection does not arise herein. I am unable to subscribe to the proposition, however, that the security furnished has necessarily to be in cash. This depends on the discretion exercisable by the execution Court which of course has to proceed judicially in considering the adequacy or otherwise of the security tendered by the judgment-debtors-respondents in a particular case.

8. Having regard to the discussion made m the above, the petition fails and is dismissed accordingly There will be no order as to costs.


Save Judgments// Add Notes // Store Search Result sets // Organizer Client Files //