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Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. Gopal Krishna Singhania - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberIncome-tax Reference No. 1405 of 1977
Judge
Reported in[1980]121ITR260(All)
ActsIncome Tax Act, 1961 - Sections 80G
AppellantCommissioner of Income-tax
RespondentGopal Krishna Singhania
Appellant AdvocateAshok Gupta, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateV.B. Upadhya, Adv.
Excerpt:
- - [1973]91itr166(kar) ,held that the reliefs under section 80g were not confinedto cash donations but included donations in kind as well and dismissed theappeal. therefore, the circular of the board as well as the mysore high court decision would not be helplul to the present assessee......that if the assessee had given a cheque as donation and for the same amount prepared a bill of sale, it could have obtained the benefit of section 88(i) (which is equivalent to section 80g).6. it will be seen that the exception was made in favour of donation of stock-in-trade of the assessee. this is a case of specific facts which is not applicable to the present case. therefore, the circular of the board as well as the mysore high court decision would not be helplul to the present assessee. the decision of this court in saru smelting & refining corporation : [1979]116itr766(all) seems to suggest that donations of movable and immovable property are not within the purview of section 80g.7. in our opinion, the assessee was not entitled to claim exemption of the donation under section.....
Judgment:

Satisii Chandra, C.J.

1. During the accounting year relevant to theassessment year 1971-72, the assessee-HUF donated some shares toSmt. Sulochana Devi School Trust, Bombay. In the assessment proceedings, the asscssee claimed relief under Section 80G of the I.T. Act, This reliefwas disallowed. The assessee went up in appeal. The AAC allowed theappeal in part. Aggrieved, the department filed an appeal before theTribunal. The Tribunal, relying upon the decisions of the Bombay HighCourt in CIT v. Associated Cement Co, Ltd. 0043/1967 : [1968]68ITR478(Bom) and of theMysore High Court in CIT v. Bangalore Woollen, Cotton and Silk Mills Co.Lid. : [1973]91ITR166(KAR) , held that the reliefs under Section 80G were not confinedto cash donations but included donations in kind as well and dismissed theappeal.

2. At the instance of the department, the Tribunal has referred thefollowing question for our opinion :

' Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was correct in law in holding that relief under Section 80G is admissible in respect of donations in kind also ?'

3. In Saru Smelting and Refining Corporation (P.) Ltd. v. CIT : [1979]116ITR766(All) a Bench of this court has held that under Section 80G the sums allowable as a deduction are sums paid by the assessee as donations to a local authority to be utilised for any charitable purpose and that a donation of a statue or a gate to a local authority does not fall within the purview of Section 80G. In other words, it was held that the donation ought to be in cash before it could attract Section 80G. This view finds support from the decision of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in CIT v. Amonbolu Rajiah : [1976]102ITR403(AP) . In this case, it was held that only donation in cash attracts Section 80G. It considered the decision of the Bombay High Court in CIT v. Associated Cement Co. Ltd. 0043/1967 : [1968]68ITR478(Bom) but observed that in that case the finding was that, in substance, donation was of cash and not in kind.

4. On behalf of the assessee reliance was placed upon the decision of the Mysore High Court (CIT v. Bangalore Woollen, Cotton and Silk Mills Co. Ltd. : [1973]91ITR166(KAR) ). In that case, donation of cloth manufactured by the assessee-company was made. It appears that the CBR on March 14, 1960, issued a circular, stating (p. 168) :

' ' The Board has decided that when an assessee makes a donation out of his stock-in-trade, for example, cloth in the case of textile mills or sugar in the case of sugar mills, the benefit of Section 15B of the 1922 Act may be given to such donations also and that the value of the stock-in-trade donated should be included in the sale and the contra debit to the profit and loss account should be treated as the sum donated '. '

5. This circular was withdrawn by the Board on January 17, 1964. Referring to this circular the Mysore High Court observed that if the assessee had given a cheque as donation and for the same amount prepared a bill of sale, it could have obtained the benefit of Section 88(i) (which is equivalent to Section 80G).

6. It will be seen that the exception was made in favour of donation of stock-in-trade of the assessee. This is a case of specific facts which is not applicable to the present case. Therefore, the circular of the Board as well as the Mysore High Court decision would not be helplul to the present assessee. The decision of this court in Saru Smelting & Refining Corporation : [1979]116ITR766(All) seems to suggest that donations of movable and immovable property are not within the purview of Section 80G.

7. In our opinion, the assessee was not entitled to claim exemption of the donation under Section 80G.

8. In the result, the answer to the question referred to us is in the negative, in favour of the department and against the assessee. The CIT would be entitled to costs which are assessed at Rs. 200.


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