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Commissioner of Sales Tax Vs. Jassu Ram Bakery Dealer - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectSales Tax
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberS.T.R. No. 437 of 1973
Judge
Reported in[1976]38STC461(All)
AppellantCommissioner of Sales Tax
RespondentJassu Ram Bakery Dealer
Appellant AdvocateThe Standing Counsel
Respondent AdvocateR.R. Misra, Adv.
Excerpt:
- - 335 at 337 where an expression occurring in a statute is capable of a wider as well as a narrow meaning, the question whether the wider meaning or the narrow meaning should be given to that expression would depend upon the context and the background......on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, biscuits come under the category of: (a) cooked foodtaxable at 2 per cent vide entry no. 1 of notification no. s.t. 3612/x -900(21)-69 dated 1st july, 1969, or(b) confectionerytaxable at 3 per cent under entry no. 5 of the aforesaid notification, or(c) unclassified itemat the general rate of tax under section 3?2. the question, whether or not biscuit comes under the category of confectionery, is no longer res integra as a division bench of this court has held in annapurna biscuit (mfg.) co. v. state of u. p. 1974 u.p.t.c. 620 that biscuit is not an article of confectionery. so the only surviving question is whether biscuit comes under the category of 'cooked food' or forms an unclassified item.3. under the notification of the u......
Judgment:

D.M. Chandrashekhar, J.

1. The Additional Judge (Revisions), Sales Tax, Meerut, has under Section 11(3) of the U. P. Sales Tax Act, 1948 (hereinafter referred to as the Act), referred the following question of law to this court:

Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, biscuits come under the category of:

(A) Cooked food

taxable at 2 per cent vide entry No. 1 of Notification No. S.T. 3612/X -900(21)-69 dated 1st July, 1969, or

(B) Confectionery

taxable at 3 per cent under entry No. 5 of the aforesaid notification, or

(C) Unclassified item

at the general rate of tax under Section 3?

2. The question, whether or not biscuit comes under the category of confectionery, is no longer res Integra as a Division Bench of this Court has held in Annapurna Biscuit (Mfg.) Co. v. State of U. P. 1974 U.P.T.C. 620 that biscuit is not an article of confectionery. So the only surviving question is whether biscuit comes under the category of 'cooked food' or forms an unclassified item.

3. Under the notification of the U. P. Government dated 1st July, 1969, issued under the Act, 'cooked food' is liable to tax at the rate of 2 per cent. Under Section 3 of the Act, unclassified items are subject to tax at 3 per cent.

4. The learned standing counsel contended that though biscuit is a kind of food, if that word is understood in its' widest sense, and biscuit is prepared by baking, which involves application of heat, it (biscuit) cannot be classified as cooked food since in common parlance it is not understood as being an item of cooked food.

5. On the other hand, the learned counsel for the assessee contended that since biscuit is undoubtedly an article of food and it is prepared by applying heat, there is no reason why it should not be regarded as cooked food for the purpose of the Act.

6. The term 'cooked food' would, no doubt, in its wider meaning include every article of food which is cooked by the application of heat. But, as observed by the Supreme Court in State of Bombay v. Virkumar A.I.R. 1952 S.C. 335 at 337 where an expression occurring in a statute is capable of a wider as well as a narrow meaning, the question whether the wider meaning or the narrow meaning should be given to that expression would depend upon the context and the background.

7. In the Hindi version of the aforesaid Government notification, the Hindi words used for 'cooked food' are pakaya hua bhojan. Significantly, neither the word ashar nor the term khad padarth has been used in that notification. In common parlance the term 'cooked food' or pakaya hua bhojan is generally understood as food, which is cooked and is taken in a meal or bhojan, i. e,, breakfast, lunch or dinner. Biscuit is generally taken as a snack or along with tea and is not generally an item of food for a meal (bhojan). Taking the meaning of the term 'cooked food' (pakaya hua bhojan), as understood in common parlance, biscuit does not, in our opinion, come under the category of 'cooked food'.

8. Hence, our answer to the question referred to this court is that biscuit does not come either under the category of 'cooked food' (pakaya hua bhojan) or 'confectionery', but is only an unclassified item subject to tax at the general rate under Section 3 of the Act.

9. As the answer to the above question is not free from difficulty, we direct the parties to bear their own costs in this reference.


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