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T.S. Bajpai Vs. K.K. Ganguly and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Judge
Reported in1976CriLJ514
AppellantT.S. Bajpai
RespondentK.K. Ganguly and ors.
Excerpt:
- - the charge-sheet filed1 against the applicant clearly indicated that the offence under section 409, i. 1973 are therefore clearly illegal. proceedings against the applicant in the court of the chief judicial magistrate, lucknow are, therefore, clearly illegal and without jurisdiction and deserve to be quashed......magistrate, anti-corruption, lucknow on 28-6-1973. the trial of the applicant was pending when the code of criminal procedure, 1973 came into force on 1-4-1974. the code of criminal procedure, 1973 repealed the code of criminal procedure, 1898 and there is no provision in it corresponding to section 14 of the code of criminal procedure, 1898. it is mentioned in section 484(2)(b) of the code of criminal procedure, 1973 that all notifications - published, proclamations issued, powers conferred, forms prescribed, local jurisdiction defined, sentences passed and orders rules and appointments, not being appointments as special magistrates, made under the old code and which are in force immediately before the commencement of this code, shall be deemed, respectively, to have been (published,.....
Judgment:
ORDER

B.N. Katju, J.

1. This is an application under Section 482, Cr.P.C. 1973.

2. According to the facts stated in the application, a charge sheet was filed against the applicant by the Sub-Inspector, Special Police Establishment, Lucknow under Section 409, I.P.C. in the court of the Sipecial Magistrate, Anti-Corruption, Lucknow on 28-6-1973. The trial of the applicant was pending when the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 came into force on 1-4-1974. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 repealed the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 and there is no provision in it corresponding to Section 14 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898. It is mentioned in Section 484(2)(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 that all notifications - published, proclamations issued, powers conferred, forms prescribed, local jurisdiction defined, sentences passed and orders rules and appointments, not being appointments as Special Magistrates, made under the old Code and which are in force immediately before the commencement of this Code, shall be deemed, respectively, to have been (published, issued, conferred, prescribed, defined, passed or made under the corresponding provisions of this Code.

3. In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 11(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, the State Government by its Notification No. 1592/VII-A.N. 208/74 dated April 20, 1974 published in the U.P. Gazette, established a common court of Judicial Magistrate of the First Class for all districts of Uttar Pradesh, with its place of sitting at Luck-now to try or inquire into and commit to the court of Session all such cases arising in any local area within the State of Uttar Pradesh in which investigations are-made or charge sheets filed by the Special Police Establishments constituted under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act 1946 (Act XXV of 1946). By Notification No. 91/Admn, (B) dated Allahabad May 7, 1974, the High Court of Judicature Allahabad in exercise of the powers conferred by Sub-section (2) of Section 11 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 appointed Sri Rama Kant Roy, Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow with effect from 1st April, 1974 as Judicial Magistrate of the First Cass also for all the districts of U.P. with Headquarters at Lucknow to try or inquire into and commit to the court of Session all such cases arising in any local area within the State of U.P. in which investigations are made or charge-sheets filed by the Special Police Establishment constituted under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 (Act No. XXV of 1946).

4. The trial of the applicant is pending in the court of Sri R.K. Roy, Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow as the charge-sheet against the applicant was filed by the Special Police Establishment, Lucknow. The charge-sheet filed1 against the applicant clearly indicated that the offence under Section 409, I.P.C. was com-mitted in the district of Etawah. The trial of the applicant -was being held by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow prior to the coming into force of the new Code on 1-4-1974 as he had been appointed Special Magistrate, Anti-Corruption under Section 14 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 by a notification of the State Government. As that court of Special Magistrate ceased to exist on 1-4-1974, when the new Code of Criminal Procedure came Into force, the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow could continue with the trial of the applicant if the two notifications mentioned above issued under Section 11(a) and Section 11(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 were legally issued under the aforesaid sections. Sections 11(1) and 11(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure. 1973 run as follows:

11(1) In every district (not being a metropolitan area), there shall be established' as many courts of Judicial Magistrates of the First Glass and of the Second Class, and at such places, as the State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification specify.

11 (2) The Presiding Officers of such courts shall be appointed by the High Court.

Sections 14(1) and 14(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 run as follows:

14(1) Subject to the control of the High Court the Chief Judicial Magistrate, may, from time to tine, define the local limits of the areas within which the Magistrate appointed under Section 11 or under Section 13 may exercise all or any of the powers with which they may respectively be invested under this Code.

14 (2) Exceipt as otherwise provided by such definition, the jurisdiction and power of such Magistrate shall extend throughout the district.

5. It is clear from a plain reading of the abovementioned sections that for every district separate courts of Judicial Magistrates of the first class or of the second class have to be established within the district end the presiding officer of such courts can exercise powers either within the local limits of the areas of the district defined by the Chief Judicial Magistrate or if such areas are not defined then throughout the district. It is obvious that under Section 11(1) a common court of Judicial Magistrate of first class for all districts of Uttar Pradesh with his place of sitting at Lucknow to try or inquire into or commit to the court of Session all such cases arising in any local area within the State of Uttar Pradesh in which investigations are made or charge-sheets filed by the Special Police Establishment constituted under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 (Act XXV of 1946) could not be established by notification of the State Government. Under Section 11, Sub-clause (2), the High Court could also not appoint presiding officer of such court. It was open to the State Government to confer on a person holding a judicial post powers of a Magistrate of the 1st class in respect to particular cases or class or classes of oases or in respect to cases generally in the entire State under Section 14, Crl P.C. 1898 but it is not possible to do so under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 as there is no similar provision in it. It may be mentioned that Section 13, Cr.P.C. 1973 is not similar to Section 14, Cr.P.C. 1898. The notification issued1 by the State Government under Section 11(1), Cr.P.C. 1973 and the notification issued by the High Court under Section 11(2), Cr.P.C. 1973 are therefore clearly illegal.

6. The question that remains to be considered is whether the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow could try the case of the applicant in the absence of the above two notifications. As admittedly the offence under Section 409. I. P. C, is alleged to have been committed by the applicant in he district of Etawah his trial could only take place in the court of a Judicial Magistrate of Etawah under Section 177, Cr.P.C. 1973 and not in the court of the Chief Judicial Magistrate of Lucknow. Proceedings against the applicant in the court of the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow are, therefore, clearly illegal and without jurisdiction and deserve to be quashed.

7. This application is accordingly allowed. The proceedings against the applicant in Criminal Case No. H. C. 962 under Section 409, I.F.C. pending in the court of C. J. M., Lucknow are quashed.


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