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Ram Chandar and ors. Vs. Khwaja Ali Muhammad and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in18Ind.Cas.797
AppellantRam Chandar and ors.
RespondentKhwaja Ali Muhammad and ors.
Excerpt:
.....of the property like other muhammadans. both the courts below have come to the conclusion that the property now in suit is part of the property which was in suit in 1875 and that the defendants have failed to prove adverse possession for more than twelve years. there can, we think, be no doubt that a suit of this nature might be brought on behalf of the muhammadan community, and we think that if the defendants had raised the question in the court of first instance, the munsif might well have said that in the exercise of his discretion he would not give declaratory relief unless the plaint was amended and the suit was brought on behalf of the whole muhammadan community. there has been a great deal of litigation about this property and it would have been well if the suit had been so..........that it was not transferable and that defendants nos. 1--4 had acquired no title to the property. the defendants denied that the property was a mosque or that it had been used by muhammadans as such. they pleaded that the suit was barred by section 11 of the code of civil procedure and also by limitation. they pleaded further that the right of the muhammadans if any, was barred by the long continued adverse possession on the part of the defendants and their predecessors. both the courts below have come to the conclusion that the property now in suit is part of the property which was in suit in 1875 and that the defendants have failed to prove adverse possession for more than twelve years. the district judge says that the defendants may have been in possession of the property.....
Judgment:

1. The plaintiffs in this case, who are Mahammadans, allege that in the time of the Muhammadan Kings, a mosque and some houses were built in the town of Agra, that from that time the Muhammadans have always worshipped in the mosque and the property has all along been wakf, that sometime before 1875, the mutwalli of the property mortgaged it to some Hindus but in a suit brought in the Court of the Subordinate Judge in 1875, it was declared that the property was wakf and the Muhammadans continued to worship in the mosque as before, that the plaintiffs had received information that the fifth defendant, when in charge of the mosque, transferred it to an ancestor of the defendants Nos. 1-4 who are Hindus, that this mortgage was invalid and notwithstanding the mortgage the Muhammadans continued to use the mosque as before, that defendants Nos. 1-4 instituted a suit against six Muhammadans in 1907 and obtained a decree in execution of which they attempted to take possession of the property on the 20th March 1910 but the plaintiffs refused to deliver possession alleging themselves to be in possession of the property like other Muhammadans. The plaintiffs say that the cause of action accrued to them on the 20th of March 1910 and they pray for a declaration that the property is wakf, that it was intended to be used as a place of worship by all Muhammadans, that it was not transferable and that defendants Nos. 1--4 had acquired no title to the property. The defendants denied that the property was a mosque or that it had been used by Muhammadans as such. They pleaded that the suit was barred by Section 11 of the Code of Civil Procedure and also by limitation. They pleaded further that the right of the Muhammadans if any, was barred by the long continued adverse possession on the part of the defendants and their predecessors. Both the Courts below have come to the conclusion that the property now in suit is part of the property which was in suit in 1875 and that the defendants have failed to prove adverse possession for more than twelve years. The District Judge says that the defendants may have been in possession of the property off and on but they have not held possession continuously for the requisite period. We must accept these findings. There is nothing to show that the Muhammadans, who were made defendants to the suit brought by the present defendants in 1907, were sued as representatives of the Muhammadan community or that the present plaintiffs in any way claim under them or are bound by the decision pronounced in that suit. The only question which admits of any doubt is whether the present suit is maintainable. We have been referred to a large number of decisions of this and other High Courts and it is contended that such a suit as this cannot be maintained unless it is constituted under. Order I, Rule 8 of the Code of Civil Procedure and that individual Muhammadans are not entitled to reliefs such as are claimed in the present suit. There can, we think, be no doubt that a suit of this nature might be brought on behalf of the Muhammadan community, and we think that if the defendants had raised the question in the Court of first instance, the Munsif might well have said that in the exercise of his discretion he would not give declaratory relief unless the plaint was amended and the suit was brought on behalf of the whole Muhammadan community. There has been a great deal of litigation about this property and it would have been well if the suit had been so constituted as to put an end to all disputes once for all. It is difficult to see how the decision arrived at in the present case could be taken advantage of by, or be held binding on, the Muhammadan community in general. But it seems to us that on the authorities, we are bound to hold that the plaintiffs are entitled to maintain the suit. In the case of Jawahra v. Akbar Husain 7 A. 178; A.W.N. (1884) 324 it was held by a Full Bench of five Judges that every Muhammadan who has a right to use a mosque for purposes of devotion is entitled to exercise such right without hindrance and is competent to maintain a suit against any one who interferes with its exercise irrespective of the provisions of Sections 30 and 539 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1882. In the present case, the defendants interfered with the rights of the plaintiffs and attempted to turn them out of the mosque. We are bound to follow the decision of the Full Bench which has been followed in other cases and we must, therefore, hold that the plaintiffs are entitled to maintain this suit. There are other cases in this Court in which the Full Bench decision was followed, the latest case being that of Dasondhay v. Muhammad Abu Nasar 8 A.L.J. 710; 33 A. 660; 11 Ind. Cas. 36. The relief claimed by the plaintiffs is perhaps a little wider than it should have been. But the defendants did not object to the form of relief claimed in the Court of first instance nor in their grounds of appeal to the lower Appellate Court did they contend that the suit should have been constituted under Order I, Rule 8. The decision in this case will, as the District Judge has observed, be binding only as between the plaintiffs and the defendants. In these circumstances, we do not think it necessary to interfere with the decree. The appeal is dismissed with costs.


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