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Ram Singh and anr. Vs. Bhim Singh - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectFamily
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in(1924)ILR46All301
AppellantRam Singh and anr.
RespondentBhim Singh
Excerpt:
hindu law - joint hindu family--alienation of joint family property by father--'antecedent debt.' - - 95. we have no doubt that on the principles laid down in that decision, the older mortgage of 1910 and the decree passed upon the mortgage of 1904 constitute antecedent debts, being, as their lordships have put it, antecedent in fact as well as in time......us. it has been found that the consideration for the sale consisted of the satisfaction of two older debts. one of these was incurred under a mortgage of the 5th of december, 1904, and one under a mortgage of the 19th of july, 1910. on the bond of 1904 a suit had been brought and a decree passed. the satisfaction of this decree formed the major part of the consideration for the sale in suit. the satisfaction of the mortgage of 1910 constituted the remainder of the consideration. both these mortgages had been contracted by the father of the plaintiffs. in the plaint the transactions were challenged on the ground that these older debts, incurred in the years 1904 and 1910, were for immoral purposes, and therefore not binding upon the sons. this point was found against the plaintiffs......
Judgment:

Grimwood Mears, Kt., C.J. and Piggott, J.

1. This was a suit by two Hindu sons to contest an alienation of joint family property made by way of sale, on the 14th of October, 1919, by their father, in favour of one Bhim Singh, who is now the appellant before us. It has been found that the consideration for the sale consisted of the satisfaction of two older debts. One of these was incurred under a mortgage of the 5th of December, 1904, and one under a mortgage of the 19th of July, 1910. On the bond of 1904 a suit had been brought and a decree passed. The satisfaction of this decree formed the major part of the consideration for the sale in suit. The satisfaction of the mortgage of 1910 constituted the remainder of the consideration. Both these mortgages had been contracted by the father of the plaintiffs. In the plaint the transactions were challenged on the ground that these older debts, incurred in the years 1904 and 1910, were for immoral purposes, and therefore not binding upon the sons. This point was found against the plaintiffs. Nevertheless the lower appellate court, and the learned Judge of this Court who heard the case in second appeal, having regard to the principles which have been deduced by this Court from the decision of their Lordships of the Privy Council in the case of Sahu Ram Chandra v. Bhup Singh (1917) I.L.R. 39 All. 437, held that the older mortgages of 1904 and 1910 could not in themselves constitute antecedent debts for the discharge of which the father could alienate a portion of the joint family estate. It was not proved to the satisfaction of the lower appellate court that these older mortgages had themselves been executed for lawful necessity, and, consequently, the suit brought by the sons was decreed. Since the decision of the learned Judge of this Court), their Lordships of the Privy Council have reviewed the entire question in the case of Brij Narain v. Mangal Prasad (1923) I.L.R. 46 All. 95. We have no doubt that on the principles laid down in that decision, the older mortgage of 1910 and the decree passed upon the mortgage of 1904 constitute antecedent debts, being, as their Lordships have put it, antecedent in fact as well as in time. They were wholly independent of the transaction now impeached, namely, the sale of the 14th of October, 1919, and were in no sense parts of that transaction. It was, therefore, within the competence of the father of the plaintiffs to alienate a portion of the joint family property in satisfaction of those antecedent debts of his own so long as those debts had not been incurred for an immoral purpose. This appeal must, therefore, succeed. We set aside the decree of the learned Judge of this Court and also that of the lower appellate court. We restore the decree of the Court of first instance dismissing the plaintiffs' suit. The defendant is entitled to his costs throughout in respect of both hearings in this Court.


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