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Addl. Commissioner of Income-tax Vs. Bhagwati Prasad - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectDirect Taxation
CourtAllahabad High Court
Decided On
Case NumberIncome-tax Reference No. 82 of 1975
Judge
Reported in[1988]114ITR682(All)
AppellantAddl. Commissioner of Income-tax
RespondentBhagwati Prasad
Appellant AdvocateAshok Gupta, Adv.
Respondent AdvocateNone
Excerpt:
- - the department went up to the tribunal but failed. on these facts, we are satisfied that the tribunal was justified in drawing the inference that the transaction did not represent an adventure in the nature of trade......the finding that the transaction of purchase and sale of land represented an adventure in the nature of trade. it was stressed that it was a solitary transaction and the assessee was not carrying on the business of buying and selling land. the firm of which the assessee was a partner carried on business in tobacco and pan masala. the appellate assistant commissioner accepted the assessee's plea and deleted the addition. the department went up to the tribunal but failed. at the instance of the commissioner, the tribunal has referred the following question of law for our opinion :'whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the tribunal was justified in holding that the purchase and sale of land by the assessee did not amount to an adventure in the nature of trade.'3......
Judgment:

Satish Chandra, C.J.

1. On February 8, 1960, the assessee, Bhagwati Prasad, his brother, Mata Prasad, his wife and his mother jointly purchased 9 bighas 19 biswas and 8 dhoors of land along with a building, situate in village Tulsipur Mahmoorganj, District Varanasi, for a sum of Rs. 84,061. Subsequently, by two sale deeds dated June 8 and 9, 1966, a total area of 2 bighas 9 biswas and 2 dhoors was sold for a total consideration of Rs. 60,000. For the assessment year 1967-68, the income-tax Officer estimated the original cost of the land sold at Rs. 15,000 and worked outthe profit at Rs. 45,000. The assessee's one-fourth share was computed at Rs. 11,250 and this was added to the income of the assessee.

2. The assessee appealed. He attacked the finding that the transaction of purchase and sale of land represented an adventure in the nature of trade. It was stressed that it was a solitary transaction and the assessee was not carrying on the business of buying and selling land. The firm of which the assessee was a partner carried on business in tobacco and pan masala. The Appellate Assistant Commissioner accepted the assessee's plea and deleted the addition. The department went up to the Tribunal but failed. At the instance of the Commissioner, the Tribunal has referred the following question of law for our opinion :

'Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was justified in holding that the purchase and sale of land by the assessee did not amount to an adventure in the nature of trade.'

3. The test for determining whether a transaction was an adventure in the nature of trade has been laid down by the Supreme Court in the case of Janki Ram Bahadur Ram v. Commissioner of Income-tax : [1965]57ITR21(SC) . It was held that the fact that the assessee had a profitable bargain when he purchased the property and that he had a desire to sell the property if a favourable offer was forthcoming could not, without other circumstances, justify an inference that the assessee intended by purchasing the property to start a venture in the nature of trade. The Tribunal has found that apart from the intention at the time of purchase of the property that the assessee had a profit motive in mind, no circumstance has been brought to conclude that the transaction was an adventure in the nature of trade. The assessee does not deal in land. The firm of which he is a partner carries on a very different kind of business. The land was purchased in 1960. A small portion was sold several years later. On these facts, we are satisfied that the Tribunal was justified in drawing the inference that the transaction did not represent an adventure in the nature of trade.

4. We, therefore, answer the question referred to us in the affirmative, in favour of the assessee and against the department. As no one has appeared on behalf of the assessee, there will be no order as to costs.


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