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Gauri Shankar Vs. Ramsewak and anr. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectProperty
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Reported inAIR1934All1045
AppellantGauri Shankar
RespondentRamsewak and anr.
Excerpt:
.....where a vendee acting in good faith and without notice of previous contract of sale pays the whole sale consideration to the vendor whether before or at the time of the execution of the sale-deed, but before receiving notice of the previous contract even though the document be not registered, it would be obvious that he may bring himself with the scope of the exception in section 27(b), specific relief act. , but before he makes the payment he is informed of the previous contract, there would be no doubt that he would not be acting in good faith, if in spite of such notice he makes the payment in pursuance of the previous contract. 3. there is no doubt that the burden is on the defendant vendee to satisfy the court that he is a transferee for value who has paid his money in good faith..........for the sale of a shop to the plaintiff, ram sewak for rs. 2,500. on 22nd july 1932, he executed a sale-deed of the same shop in favour of the appellant, guari shankar ostensibly for a sum of rs. 3,300. it was recited in the sale-deed that rs. 300 out of the sale consideration were paid at the house of the vendor and the balance of rs. 3,000 would be paid at the time of the registration. just when the document was presented for registration at the office and the sub-registrar was proceeding to make the endorsement of the presentation on the back of the instrument, ram sewak filed an application to the effect that he had a prior contract in his favour of which notice should be given to the vendor and the vendee. the sub-registrar announced the fact to them and then completed his.....
Judgment:

1. This is an appeal by the defendant, Gauri Shankar arising out of a suit brought for specific performance against him by the plaintiff. On 18th July 1932, the vendor Shambhu Prasad entered into a contract for the sale of a shop to the plaintiff, Ram Sewak for Rs. 2,500. On 22nd July 1932, he executed a sale-deed of the same shop in favour of the appellant, Guari Shankar ostensibly for a sum of Rs. 3,300. It was recited in the sale-deed that Rs. 300 out of the sale consideration were paid at the house of the vendor and the balance of Rs. 3,000 would be paid at the time of the registration. Just when the document was presented for registration at the office and the Sub-Registrar was proceeding to make the endorsement of the presentation on the back of the instrument, Ram Sewak filed an application to the effect that he had a prior contract in his favour of which notice should be given to the vendor and the vendee. The Sub-Registrar announced the fact to them and then completed his endorsement and later on the amount was paid by the vendee to the vendor and the further endorsement as to the payment of the consideration money was made by the Sub-Registrar.

2. The Courts below have assumed that the recital contained in the sale-deed that Rs. 300 had been paid by the defendant to the vendor at the house, which fact had been deposed to by the appellant on oath, was correct. It is not necessary in this case to send down an issue for any finding on this question, for we are prepared to make the same assumption. In cases where a vendee acting in good faith and without notice of previous contract of sale pays the whole sale consideration to the vendor whether before or at the time of the execution of the sale-deed, but before receiving notice of the previous contract even though the document be not registered, it would be obvious that he may bring himself with the scope of the exception in Section 27(b), Specific Relief Act. On the other hand, where the vendee does not pay any part of the sale consideration at the time of the execution of the sale-deed and has to pay the whole of it at the time of the registration of the document;, but before he makes the payment he is informed of the previous contract, there would be no doubt that he would not be acting in good faith, if in spite of such notice he makes the payment in pursuance of the previous contract. The case before us, however is slightly different. Here a small part of the sale consideration has been assumed to have been paid by the vendee before he had notice of the previous contract whereas the bulk of the sale consideration was paid by him at the registration office after he had been informed of it.

3. There is no doubt that the burden is on the defendant vendee to satisfy the Court that he is a transferee for value who has paid his money in good faith and without notice of the original contract Where a defendant has paid only a small part of the consideration previously and pays the bulk of the consideration after notice, it is impossible to hold that he is noting in good faith or is a person who hag paid his money without notice, of the original contract. In the present case it is not necessary to decide where the line has to he drawn and what the position would he if a vendee pays a substantial portion before notice and the balance after such notice We are clearly of opinion that in a case where the vendee has not paid at least n, substantial portion of the Side consideration before notice, he cannot he said to have paid his money in Rood faith so as to he entitled to the protection given by Section 27. In this view of the matter the appeal has no force and we accordingly dismiss it with costs. The vendor Shambhu Prasad will bear his own coats.


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