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Umrao Singh Vs. Emperor - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectCriminal
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported in2Ind.Cas.200
AppellantUmrao Singh
RespondentEmperor
Excerpt:
penal code (act xlv of 1860), section 182 - criminal procedure code (act v of 1898), section 195(1)--false report to police--police reporting for action under section 182--complaint. - - this explanation satisfied the learned sessions judge and he, therefore, rejected the application for revision......at the thana of madaura that one raghu kurmi had stolen a bullock. at the time of the report umrao singh applicant was with saidu. the report turned out to be false and the sub-inspector of madaura submitted a report to the assistant superintendent of police asking that action be taken against umrao singh under section 182 of the indian penal code. the assistant superintendent of police forwarded the report to the sub- divisional magistrate remarking that action need be taken. the magistrate treated the report as a complaint and proceeding under section 195 of the code of criminal procedure, took cognizance of the alleged offence under section 109 read with section 182 of the indian penal code. umrao singh applied in revision to the learned sessions judge who called on the.....
Judgment:

Karamat Husain, J.

1. Musammat Saidu reported at the thana of Madaura that one Raghu Kurmi had stolen a bullock. At the time of the report Umrao Singh applicant was with Saidu. The report turned out to be false and the Sub-Inspector of Madaura submitted a report to the Assistant Superintendent of Police asking that action be taken against Umrao Singh under Section 182 of the Indian Penal Code. The Assistant Superintendent of Police forwarded the report to the Sub- Divisional Magistrate remarking that action need be taken. The Magistrate treated the report as a complaint and proceeding under Section 195 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, took cognizance of the alleged offence under Section 109 read with Section 182 of the Indian Penal Code. Umrao Singh applied in revision to the learned Sessions Judge who called on the Sub-Divisional Magistrate to report. The report of the Sub-divisional Magistrate was to the effect that the report of the Sub-Inspector at the instance of the Assistant Superintendent of Police was read as a complaint and as such it was considered to justify the Magistrate under Section 195 (1) of the Criminal Procedure Code in taking cognizance of that offence against both the persons named in the body of the report. This explanation satisfied the learned Sessions Judge and he, therefore, rejected the application for revision. Umrao Singh now applies to this Court for revision on the ground that the Sub-Divisional Magistrate had no jurisdiction, inasmuch as (1) there was no complaint before him and there was no sanction by a public servant concerned or some public servant to whom he was subordinate, and (2) the applicant could not be prosecuted under Section 182 of the Indian Penal Code, for he did not report. I am of opinion that under the provisions of Section 195 (1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Sub-Divisional Magistrate was not justified in treating the report of the Sub-Inspector submitted to the Assistant Superintendent of Police as a complaint and taking cognizance of the alleged offence against Umrao Singh. Besides, Umrao Singh himself did not report at the thana. He, therefore, could not have committed the offence under Section 182 of the Indian Penal Code. I, therefore, allow the application and set aside the order of the Sub-Divisional Magistrate, dated the 6th of June, 1908.


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