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Chetan Singh and anr. Vs. Sartaj Singh and ors. - Court Judgment

LegalCrystal Citation
SubjectFamily
CourtAllahabad
Decided On
Judge
Reported inAIR1924All908; (1924)ILR46All709; 79Ind.Cas.1001
AppellantChetan Singh and anr.
RespondentSartaj Singh and ors.
Cases ReferredHori Lal v. Munman Kunwar
Excerpt:
hindu law - joint hindu family--mortgage executed by adult members of family--presumption of representative character of executants--civil procedure code, order xxxiv, rule 1. - .....nos. 1 and 2, and the mother and heir of the third is defendant no. 3. the property mortgaged was joint family property. on an application made by the defendants during the pendency of the suit, the defendants nos. 6 to 10, who are the sons of defendants nos. 1 and 2, the original mortgagors, were added as parties. at the time when they were so added, more than twelve years had elapsed from the date when the mortgage money became payable. on this ground both the courts below have dismissed the entire suit with reference to order xxxiv, rule 1, of the code of civil procedure.2. in appeal to this court it is contended, as it was contended in the courts below, that the added defendants are sufficiently represented in the suit by their respective fathers who are admittedly the managing.....
Judgment:

Daniels and Neave, JJ.

1. This is an appeal by the plaintiffs in a suit for sale on a mortgage. The mortgage was executed in the year 1908 by three brothers, the first two of whom are defendants Nos. 1 and 2, and the mother and heir of the third is defendant No. 3. The property mortgaged was joint family property. On an application made by the defendants during the pendency of the suit, the defendants Nos. 6 to 10, who are the sons of defendants Nos. 1 and 2, the original mortgagors, were added as parties. At the time when they were so added, more than twelve years had elapsed from the date when the mortgage money became payable. On this ground both the courts below have dismissed the entire suit with reference to Order XXXIV, Rule 1, of the Code of Civil Procedure.

2. In appeal to this Court it is contended, as it was contended in the courts below, that the added defendants are sufficiently represented in the suit by their respective fathers who are admittedly the managing members of the joint family. This plea is supported by the Full Bench ruling in Hon Lal v. Munman Kunwar (1912) I.L.R. 34 All. 549. The same view was followed shortly afterwards in Madan Lal v. Kishan Singh (1912) I.L.R. 34 All. 572, in a case in which the mortgagor was plaintiff: and in Krishna Jiva Tewari v. Bishnath Kalwar (1912) I.L.R. 34 All. 615 it was farther held that where all the adult members of a joint Hindu family appear on the record as plaintiffs or defendants, it is a legitimate presumption that they are acting as managers on behalf of themselves and of the minor members.

3. We find it impossible to distinguish the present case from Hori Lal v. Munmau Kunwar (1912) I.L.R. 34 All. 549. All the material circumstances are the same. The suit was brought against the original mortgagors. Objection was taken that the sons ought to have been joined. At the time when the objection was taken, a suit against the sons would have been barred by limitation. All these circumstances are present in the case before us. The learned District Judge has attempted to distinguish the case on the ground that it was not formally stated in the plaint that the defendants were being sued as managers. A perusal of the judgments in Hori Lal v. Munman Kunwar (1912) I.L.R. 34 All. 549 makes it sufficiently clear that this allegation was equally absent from the plaint in that case. As here, it was at the instance of the defendants that the question whether the sons were represented by their fathers was raised. Following the ruling in that case, we hold that the courts below were wrong in dismissing the suit. The trial court decided all the issues before it except the issue of legal necessity. That issue must now be tried.

4. We accordingly set aside the decrees of the courts below and remand the case, through the lower appellate court to the court of first instance for decision after coming to a finding on the remaining issue. Costs hero and heretofore will abide the result.


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