1. This appeal arises out of a suit for pre-emption under the Muhammadan Law, which has been found to be applicable under a custom prevailing in the locality in which the property in question is situated. The plaintiff claimed pre-emption as shafi-khalit, that is as a partner in the immunities and appendages of the property sold. The lower appellate Court has found that the defendant-vendee is also a partner in the immunities and appendages of the said property and that, therefore, the plaintiff has no right of pre-emption preferential to that of the vendee-defendant. It has been found that the plaintiff has a right to discharge water on the property sold. This would give him a right of pre-emption as shafi-khalit, according to the ruling in Karim v. Priya Lal Base 28 A. 127. What we have to consider is whether the vendee also is a pre-emptor of the same class. The lower appellate Court has found that between the property sold and the house of the vendee there is a lane which is not a thoroughfare. Into this lane the water from the stables which comprise the property sold, and the appellant's house, is discharged. It is urged that there is nothing to show that the defendant has under the Easements Act acquired a right of easement to discharge water on the lane lying between his house and the property sold and that, therefore, he could not be regarded as a shafi-khalit. By the term shafi-khalit is understood, according to the Hidaya, a partner in the immunities and appendages of the property, such as a right to water and roads. The right to discharge water on the lane is one of the immunities and appendages of the property sold. The defendant-vendee participates in the same immunities, that is, he also discharges his water on the lane in question. He must therefore be regarded as a shafi-khalit within the meaning of the Muhammadan Law. That law does not prescribe any period which would give a person the right to enjoy an immunity such, as that of discharging water or a right of way. In a case like this we must take into consideration the rules of the Muhammadan Law as being rules of justice, equity and good conscience. Applying those rules in this case, since the vendee is also a partner in the immunities of the property sold, he is a shafi-khalit and the plaintiff has no better right than the vendee possesses. We accordingly dismiss the appeal with costs, including fees on the higher scale.
2. The respondents have taken objections under Order 41, Rule 22 of the Code of Civil Procedure as to costs which the Court below directed the respective parties to bear. It is not shown that in the matter of costs the exercise of its discretion by the Court below was unwarranted. We, therefore, dismiss the objection with costs.